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Full text of "Literature"



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Published by 




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VOL. VI. 



JANUARY 6 TO JUNE 30, 1000. 



1^6' 



p 




iferitmre 



Edited by 

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...'Wiii 



Published by 



No. IIU. SATURDAY, JANIAUY 0, lUUO. 



CONTKMS. 



rAOB 

Leadinfr Article t'linprPHxnrj- Books of Trnvel I 

Penooal Views— "The Coniiug of iho Pr«Nch«r" 16 

Poem ■" A Putilot" W 

In Defence of Snlppete 1« 

The Canadian Book Trade, by Mr. U. Herbert Titling 3) 
Reviews - 

The Uniteil KiiiKiloni 8 

Geoi-git Selwyii 4 

The KiiRli.sh Pi-f-UnphiifliU- Painters 6 

e 



Prii'niphttoliti- Diaries aiid Lotti-m.. 
Oth«p N«w Booka 



Tiio >;  '■ '  - . . ^. ,..,,..,.,.._ ,.,,1 

I,. A 

H... 1>1- 

Hui in— 

All. - - on 

H<»uni Anil 1 r'nilin Alllra i>I l" im\ rr>p:M rriiiiivilil tO 

XiinMn. Tnlr- of Arctic Ad\ enliin- Tbc v»llcy of the Khonr 



mint ('(irMiT-i i>f Aiii'ionl Kiiiiilri— I;ltll>> .loiinii-y" li 



UilDi 

n..i 

Km 
II. 

Sv 
- I 
Til. 
_ \' 
CI... 
AnnmiN 

Durt. 



ll>u 

ve-- 
I. eh 

. rlon 

nry 

I'T — 

;oit 
• of 



U, V, S. I', Ui, 11. 12, 13, U 



Mjr Ijidr 

IKiuKhtcr 
Ap<»>tlc> • 

», 24.25 



IIi-Lu;u'ai N»\. U llouW> fur Lliu Vuutitf, JKu .... 

Forelern Letter- Ciennany 19 

Among the Magazines 22 

Copr««pond«no*— \apoIean'« Libmrian— Qootatlanii— Mro. Vor- 

nirli niid " Tlio L'haii Book " (Mrx. K. U Voynldi)— KIpllagV 
•U-curacy 25, 20 

Notes t 3, 10, 17. 18 

Authors and Publishers 30,27,28 

List of New Books and Reprints 28 



UNNECESSARY BOOKS OF TRAVEL 



Since the times of Queen Elizabeth, whose court was 
often ft satni>le-room for the coinniercinl traveller of Kinpire, 
the Euglishuian ha.» in great nieaj^ure set the travel-pace 
of the world. Whether or not this be dae, as the satiric 



nation* in which the tie* of (amily an a 
elastic. The Engli»hmao can travel lor f. 
can travel fur nothing, but tra>rl be muMi 
happjr. Emigration ii>. after all, only a 
travel, and we have migrated to all eoda 
The main need u tliat of niovemfot ; and 
Spartan mothem have sent u« into the « 
shield, and have not alvaj» bidden oa U 
nowadays the average traveller (uually dt 
forthwitlt sends for ink and pens and papi 
book. The crown of his laboors is a crow 
trated by photographs and produced upo 
Any one aho lias studied our lists of books a 
of shorter reviews will certainly agree with 
that " unnecessary books of travel " is josl 
well worth calling attention to. 

To a race like ours there is no more Csm 
of literature than the reconi of ezploratioi 
really great books of travel have been ^ 
Englishman. For he alone has posicssed t 
secret of success which lies in Um natnr 
observation and a pleasing personality. T 
with inimitable lightness of touch jiortrai 
the world for a background ; the German 
the forest as he catalogues the trees will 
labour ; while the Saxon anil the Celt in 
their home-l)Ound jieople the picture of Ui 
work in due prop»>rtions. Pann'in. Belt, Bat 
in one class stand all alone. Livingstone i 
their ardent brothers are almost equally wil 
is curioiu-t to obserx'e that Stanley and ^ 
their works are in English aod for an Ei 
audience, almoot utterly lack the charm 
There is a hardness aliout the work whicl 
too truly, the professional explorer. 

But if the masterpiece» of travel and 
due to those who have not travelle<l ]iro 
more or les^, for the purpose of turning 
mercial account, the modem amateur in a 
becomes increasingly tiresome. A cectnr] 
second-hand book-boxes overflowed with i 
Grand Tour, which were compiled laborioc 



IITERATURE. 



[Jnmmr 



iato aix or • 



kwBl ia 
wlMlh»ato 

1\» mj m moeh 
sir* avaj the 



IwsfiHidtav; H b » Gbek^ euaniaBt and cmi b*doQ« 
is UirM VMks bj Uw luiMk Amvrku. We lui«« dnMMt 
to wiito f lob« trotting booin. The modem 
w|ii>Mn long vojagM in ctcomen 
bwvy chaptcn, and thoogh he can 
I aad tic ricilMi m if the j ven 
of peenlinr wngw, be has 
 to omit any |irinted deacription of 
Uahantand ('«|>e Saint Ro<|ue. 
in fimmr of the traveller Menu to 
•gainat him. But much remains 
hMui. TiMra k atUI the fatid bek of intelligence « l.i.h 
icnden BOgatory all his efliMia to enlighten mankind. 
Hm modem anuitear ia almoat in\-ariably ignorant of what 
baa bcra done in ttie country he ristta ; be never aalcs for 
aaj inlbnnatioa aa to vhat remaina to do. He may 
tiarel (and be does) through Auatralia from or to any 
givHl poiaft of the compaaa ; but what he knew about the 
I Cootinrnt before be started c-ould have been 
into the smallest tabloid of knowledge, and 
be eonee cot he is full to the lips with ancient and 
Is Africa, that new playground, his 
phee of reemition and learning ? If it is, he plunges 
iato tbe Sudan, or into I'ganda, or the Shir^. or the 
Welle, or the Cannibal country, and comes out with much 
malaria, unmitigated ignorance, and no little self-conceit. 
Does be wander in Siberia or snow-shoe on the barren 
gmu a da of Canada ? If he does he returns (witli some 
hoooomble exceptions) full of misleading stuff, which does 
bann ratber than good. He actually throws away all his 
labour tor want of a little foresight, and yet he is not infre- 
<|Oentlr very indignant tliat the learned societies do not 
do him boDour. 

Tbe pity of it is that almost any one, not actually a 
(bol, can do \-alnable work in any country of the world if 
be only knowx what is manted and how to set about it. 
Eren tf be be a fool, but an indu»trious and {lainstaking 
ODe» thera an emlneat men in every branch of science 
eager and willing to sifl his chaff for a few grains of 
vbeat. Just aa tbe patient entomologist goes through 
tbe tbooaaod inaaeta broogbt him by hired natives on the 
dMHMa of finding one not yet known to xcience, so the 
— UMr iti aa at tbe etbnologiod and geographical societies, 
or at Sootb Kensington, are willing to spend laborious 
dajis aaUag aooMibing oat of tbe work done by tbe 
hnnUMl tnveller who baa tbe very alighteat notion of 
wbat ia wanted. But the avenge "explorer" is not content 
to pbj ao bomble a part ; be never asks for advice, and he 
hvfiaa to diaoover tbe discovered, to explore the explored, 
aad to eatalagna new apadea wbicb were named in jiast 



record marah through the very country thn 
tifio men of Europe have been ye<irning to I 
about. To do forty milea a day in n di.sl 
S(|nare acre affords a year's work inny Ik 
record for iwoe and folly at the same tii 
the opportunities of travel and exiilonition 
are of the rarest. The traveller should Ix 
is aa iwssible to triumph in the realm of the 
as in tiiat of the infinitely great. To retui 
new spider, or an accurate account of a new 
brings a man more real credit than if he tr 
barrow in one breathless week from Peki 
To put it oil the very lowest groutid, it is 
that his name will be attached for ever 
while it is tolerably certain that some fast* 
go from Potsdam to Peking and break 
minute and three-quarters. 



The New Year's honours list is so i 
furnish a literary iMjier with but scant 
criticism. The only man of letters inchu 
John Lubbock; and .Sir John Lubbock if 
science. One can only, tliereforo, exi)re; 
that I»rd SaliRbury shown a disinclinatic 
example set by Ijonl Koselxry during hi 
Premierwhip, in including men of letter 
uiwn whom the fountain of honour slioul 
puiy. It was to Ixinl Uosebpry that Sir Li 
Walter Uesant, and Sir William Martin ( 
others, owed their titles. Ix)rd Salinburj 
bestowed a decoration uiwn the Poet I 
choice. Yet, if these decorations are w 
men of light and leading in literature sh 
as well as men of light and lending in otlie 
and if they are worth nothing, then they 
given to men of light and lending in ar 
This is a dilemma which has often been \) 
dilemma from which no way of escape has 



One justification for I>ord Salisbury's 
be suggested by the complaint of .Mr. Jc 
the Forlnitjidlif lieviev; tliat there are now 
English men of letters to be found. We 
point in a simiUr spirit at the beginning 
and it is no doubt true that we cannot 
such names as those of Tennyson and ] 
Newman and Carlyle, writers who rank 
greatest not only in England but al 
To-day it would be hanl for u« to put forw 
of men whose influence is comfiarable wit! 
in their several spheres by Zola, Ibsen, ar 
only consolation we can offer to lighten 
.Mr. Joseph Jacobs must Iw that the situ 
similar at the beginning of the nineteentli 
Wordsworth found "ec|ually a want of l>o 
that English literature bflis, since then, i 



.I:iiiii:ii-v r, T)nn "I 



T-TTFIUTI'nE. 



;,ii)Uii(l.s li)r lnn lirliif, olliiT flian the (l»'iiir«» tf> |' > :j'.;,i- 
lor II yt'iir tli<> incoiivfriifiicf of n clintif;)* of tit..-. I In- 
iiuinli«»r lids two or tlire«> nrtirl»'H of liti-rnry intrrmt. 
Mr. lliibi-rt I'aul writ'-w on Suift an " Tin* Prince of 
Journal iHtH." Mr. Cutlibert Iladden't protent a^ainut the 
tinkering of IijnmM in tli» interextn of theolofjical cn^a 
ix )MTliikiiM not wiiully convincing. (juit«* convincing, on 
till" otIiiT Imnil, in Mr. ."~iiil)if\- lA'i''» pUii for non- 
.s|)«'(t«(iilttr SliiikcHjwarian iwrlorrimncPH fiicli a^ I'licl|w 
Htt<'iii|)ti-(i, not iinnuco«'jiHfully, at Sadler* \V»'11k, and nnch 
n8 wc art' hoping that Mr. F. 1{. JW-niton will nhortly prove 
to be ]>oiwil>le even at the jiresent day. Shaken|ieare'H 
nwn i-oiintry i» the only one where his art by itnelf inakea 
lu) appcid — di'tipite the myth of a so-called "Siiake>i|>eanan 
revival." 

The Avtlioi' bi'gins the New Year well by ])ublishing 
the outlines of a new I'ension Fund Scheme to lie sujiported 
by authors and administered by a committee of members 
of the Authors' Society. This is an im])ortant and inter- 
esting dtjMirture. We shall say more ulwut the project 
next week. In the meantime we (juote from the Author 
the list of subscriptions already promised : — 

Mr. QeorKo Mei-^-dith (President of the .Society) £100 

Mr. J. M. D<irrie {it nine otheni Hulncribe the aaine 

amount) 100 

Mr. A. W. A'UtM'kett (per annum) 5 

Sir Waller Bcsant 100 

The Uev. T. (t. Boiiuey (for pi-esent year, and continue 
luune JIM long un existinK cii-i-tu'iistMnces also con- 
tinue) 5 

.Mr. Aust in Dotieon (a« much as poMslhle |>er annum) — 

Dr. Connn Doyle (jht anninn, when the scheme asminieH 

apracticnl hiusis) 10 

Mr. Douf^livH Fit'shHeld (if nine others sulwcribe the same 

amount) 100 

Mr. Anthony Hope Hawkins 200 

Mr. .leronie K. Jeiiinie (per annum, and perhaps 

more) 5 

Mr. .1. Hcott Keltic (per annum for five years) 5 

Mr. Kn.lyard Kipling 100 

.Mr. Gilltert Parker 100 

.Mrs. Huinpliry Ward (per annum) 10 



TRcvicws. 

—  — 

PROFESSOR GOLDWIN SMITHS POLITICAL 
HISTORY OF ENGLAND. 



The United _Kingdom. A Puliiiml Historj-. By 
2 vols. S:<r>Un..(l."ii) f J.s'J j>p. lyonilon. 



Goldwin Smith, D.C.L 
l.siitt. 



MacmiUan. 16i- n. 



Mr. Goldwin Smith's friends and admirers have always 
looked forward to his one day giving the world a political 
history of England. He has many qualifications for the 
ta-ik. He has a style with many merit.s, the rarest being 
a certain note of distinction. He ha.s at command the 
phrase which condenses the es.sence of a jwiragraph or a 
jMge. His jHirtraits of the figures which i>a.>is liefore him are 
jwinted, if not with subtlety, with vigorous strokes. When 
his prejudices go to sleep he can lie candid and charitable 



Willi • SCOW of the difRealtj a>Miut 
in th« pati, are afrniil to iniit«t«. 
the narrative i* tketchjr and thin ; if « 
about the moot alntniM proMetnt are aeal 
mucii too free a tiand ; if the luciditjr is in pai 
unconiciouN iiuppre«<>ion of emharraMiog nrc 
if the high lights and the ahadovt are biM 
order to humour the author'a tarta fcr lltrtwll 
—the value of the IxHik is oomidBnblai ^ 
these volumeM at least a nmp of the entira eon 
by defects in the snnrey of iNirts, bat shovinfl 
nexion witli the whole. ( ertainty the char 
largely due to the fret^lom and •■nnfidenoa vit) 
(ioldwin Smith M'ttlex wlmt in other nrinds 
doubto. But the " doubting Thomas" »• alwa; 

The early chB|»teni are jsuticularly tki 
(ioldwin Smith is still in the bonda of Mr 
writes of S«'nlac, and has never, apparmtlT, b 
liotind. The author has no pleasora, one wot 
in this jiart of his work. He hurries on with < 
and his decisions on great (|ue*tions luive 
defects of judgments formed by a traveller o 
through which he jMutses in an express train. T 
between Henry II. and IW-ket is described bra 
the former; one, too, who does not reoogniaBwil 
delicacy the isaoes which were involved in the tail 
the King and the Prelate. " .'*ui>en«tition'*ai 
privilege" are phrases which satisfijxi the mi 
Voltaire and (iibbon, but they do not Caithlull 
describe the cause for which Kecket died. 
Uoldwin Smith becomes himself, is ardent, 
eloquent, and imi»ressive when he draws nearer 
time; when there is some one to fulminate a 
especially when, in attacking a malefactor of ( 
i.^ by implication comluting some of his cont 
He deals one by one with the points which 
made in favour of Henry VIII., onlv to 
them contumely, and winds up a sketch of tl 
of his reign with the dictum, " There have bet 
tyrants than Henry VIII.; there never was 
brutal. There never was one who tramp 
aflection. Those who deem affection a ^;.. 
our life and weal, or of our civilization, 
Henry a good King." "The sophisms bj w 
murders have been defended may oe pa u se d ove 
( )ur author's heart goes out to Croni" a 

is generous in praise of the greatoee.'- >f < 

hero, and almost melts into tenderness when I 
the lonely eminence of Oomwell's last day 
does not forget to reprove the excessive 
of Mr. Carlyle, and to let fall the remark 
world goes on and intelligence spreads, the 
of individual leadem grows less, and hert>>w< 
serious thing, if it is applicable to the pi 
applicable to the present." 

The second volume carries the narratin 
Restoration to present times. It contains mai 
chapters snd a whole gallery of portnits sin 
the defl assured hand of the practised artist. 
our own time the historian becomes more an<i 



UTERATURE. 



r.Ti 



mnnrv 



ta««ti|MliMM bad thrown th* g» »w t doobto on Um 

Sof Uw esMDT of UMtansi and the uKiiijaKMU 
tear. Th» aMoiut of tb* colonial ■fttraa of 
and iu <4KkU on the colonic i« probably 
dHcukNuvd bjr th« author'* w-eli-knova opinion* on thia 
nlMaoiH of the aaihar ooui>' '^>« oolonirs. I^t any- 

oae laad tbo highly-vroagk: of the exiU vhicli tli« 

llataa MperiancMHl at tiie haadt of Pitt and £ngli»h 
i and thea oouparv Uie aobpr, oalnilv>vorde<r ex- 
I 'roffwor A»blev in lh« Quarlenj/ Jounuil of 
£le»Nvi»i<«wni b<rwillM«that the impreuiverbetoricofthe 
CMiDer if boagbt at a pric*>. Tlicn* it licatvel y an allui'ion 
to SooUand vhioh i* not a little unfriondly.aud »ome reftr- 
•aeat to it are, to isay the lea^t, (iU|>erciiiou8. Tiiere is 
eomevbat too much of tbi« tort of remark : — " Nor can 
Seotch cbaiacter bare sufTered (by tbe Union) if the 
litnant Scotch catimate of it u true." To be sure, thn 
tVh come* in for hanler knock« ; he is rarely meutiooed 
«>xoept in terow of thinly-veiled contempt or fi-om, 
**Aaarc]tkal or predatory iii<l('|it^m!fncc," "genfral Ia«l(>«s- 
ncaa nadcr the name of the Krehun law," *' the lawleKsness 
tempered by custom »hich he (the WeUhman) called the 
laas of Howell the Good," "tribal harbariisn) " are the 
phrafs, conventional and not wholly accurate, used 
whenever the Celt crocifs the hintorian's path. 

The faulti> of the two volumes are on the surface. In 
every chapter are to be traced the perFonal anti]mthics of 
tbe author. In every chapter ix a Papal tone of authority 
vhich at first commands confidence and in the end breeds 
distrust. There i» trifle too much scolding for our taste. 
"O'Connell's tendency to vituperation could not be alto- 
|{eth«' suppieaaed." O'Connell was not solitary in this 
habit. Our author, too, it mu«t be owned, \itL» not all the 
equipment needed for hiK ta^k. He has not i>ondered on 
the economical cau^e« which underlie many of the events 
vhich be teela to explain in fnnciful Cuhion. His philo- 
aophy of hi«tory is of^on a little thin and Khallow. His 
aoeoOBts of movement^i in thought and science which 
aStPcted the de*tiniei« of nationx at leaiit as much as the 
vices and vbims of kings and courtiers are generally 
unsatisfactory. But with all their defects these volumes 
are a true history of England, no jumhle of miscellaneous 
fiictr, but an edifice reare<l with skilful hand ; not a history 
of the Bodeni kind, hut i^uch n* would have gained the 
good vord of Gibbon or Hiune, or Voltaire, and all thoxe 
who believe that a nation's history should be, indeed, a 
•lory. ' 



OEORQB SELWYH'S LETTERS. 



Oaprga 8ali 
MS0. 



I^-tttT* III.' 
U 



I Ity 

IclII, 

lOO n. 



iMWTIl : ilm i^tt<-r- 

I mmI Baton Clarqua. 

Uuwiu. 

la the ftfteentb lepoK of tlie Hiotoriral MSS. ComuiiMtiuii 
I pftoted flioeR than tuo iiaiidr«il Icttcm written by GonrKo 
He lwyu which war* fimml aiiiMnK tbo (mimt* at Ca«tlt> Hownnl. 
Tbff Lard CarlUU* u( that lUjr hh* iftic iit Ko|iir}'n'ii nwmt inlimntc 
tfiiihi, mat it im either to bim or U«' '' ' !•• tltat mcmt of 
ih«M IMtars are aililwi— il. Till tlie i i of the alioro 

they «npra nnknotrn. " Qeorgo KcJwyn anil Hi* 
' br Mr. J. H. 3mm, eontsiaa Man* at thi> lelt«ra 



the BMia are J«st the Mine. Tb» Ut^-Ki 'unp ;ii iii< 
the frMbeat soaMlal from Wlilto'ii or tir<Kik>', il 
of a society baanl^ tu Ik' mnrri<Hl niitl whi 

dreaaea at (lie tlra- n, or tlio IhkI iiiikI (r 

iBPn almut louii art* iiilcrnjIiiKlecl in one uiirioiiK i 
■trifo l>ol\T<<<-n tlK> KliiR and tim oIlKorchy. llio 
tlio r<ialitI<iM Mlninlry, and th« FVench Itovol 

inl--'-" K fund of iufiiniiatlon we con<it«ntl 

llf it« wliich may »urpriac the nKMlcrn rp« 

tlini III li<tS, whon aomo ladini of th<* bi);ho«t 
project in|{ a inaaqiiora«le, tlie Blaltopa int«trvonMl 
heoaaao it wan in L<>nt. Hora<-o WnlixUi* 
•iroaMatanoe, and a iiotabie point i> Unit iw. 
Iieeo siirpriMsl at it. It was loi>ko<i upon af \«t 
About tliia time the ariatooracy ware waking up 
witli whii'h thoy aoro threatenad by a new clo^s of 
Parliatnontary honours. TSes* were " NaJioli Cor 
agtnta of tha Houaa of Commona, wImi were an 
th* claims of (wraona aatabliakad in towns aac 
dufoout, family interaat, and longHiujoyed propai 
system coutiuueil, and Pitt u^cd it to e.stabliRb stio 
to the pon-ur of the ^^1lii; uligarchy. Lord fieacc 
account of tiio matt«r in well wortli reading. 

The Ixiok, wo n-grt't to say, is not qnite so < 
as It nii|;l>t hiivo Imh-ii. Wo Nonirt iiiioN hnvt* not 
are nut wanted, and at other times miwt thom « 
" If anything la iMil>liNh<><l," iwya 8<>lwyn in n l<>tte 
" that is not a more catcli|K>nny, as it is ctilli-il, 
directly. I lK>li«'vc tho account of tlie Puke 
Xanoy is of thnt »ort, lint I know no mor<> tliun 
mont." Nancy, of cour»o, in Nancy Pui-voiui. 
R08OOC could not tind out the juirticuliir iiicidi'ii 
to, he should at leant hnvo told hit* rendeis whi 
were between tfaiH Uidy nnd the Uokc of (inifti 
thnt time Prime Minislcr. Knrllicr on \\t mid. 

Charles Fox : — 

Vernon said yi~.i<T ' 
other*— Bully (Lord B.. 
had lioon di-iven liy the 1..111 
tliey lind liiKKed him out of his ImhI, they at 
violently a)Km what he did at Buth thiit he \vn<< 1 
reoourae, as he did laxt year, to an almolntc deni 

What wnH this affair at Biith, in which the 
OpiKwilion in Parliament liohnved no dis(;raoefnll; 
ri(tht to ask thia altoitt such n man as Charles Fox. 
of it is to Im- found elsewhere Mr. l£iiM>oe sIkkiUI 
to it. If not, Im should have said so. H«-lxvyn, n 
referring to friends nixl relatives fre<juently nioiitl 
by their Christian iiaiiH>s, and Mr. Kokwk', if ho ( 
put the Humamc in a note on every occasion, shool 
once fur all how to identify ttiom. He baa doiie 1 
of Kox. •' Cliarles," Im' tolls ns at the lieKiniiiiiM 
Fox. But bow in tiio ortlinary reader to tliul his « 
tbronic of t>< ' ' Harrys and Carrys, anil ' 

nnd Johns, t .> due wliatever in Hupi 

In (Kjlit ica ^><>l\^■^ n wos a Tory as the t«Tni v m - 1 i 
— that In to say, in the lung struggle which l;i-i'- 
1783 he was on tbe King's side. He did not like 
War. But he like«l the Coalition Ministry atill U" 
nothing unronatitntional or nnih>Hiralile in thai 
penonal gorcmmenl which tteorm* the Third > 
Tbe letters ahow na what was thought of 
condurt of the <• (by one 

aentimental RoTiii r. Initar .^ 



• iliiiiHT t:i.il 

>. I think, niu 

iilo Charles' r 



January G. IWOO.] 



MTKHATIRR 



I 



'I ly fuf ilu i> .1 ti'<l triumph. Hrlwyii wan iuihiIi >..^.,.. 

I ttu'ir LM-lmvlitur \t'lu<u Ni>r(h'i« rovi^imlliiu IwU bi-c<iiiu< 
' ' liiu Tl><> tulluwlng llttli) I'khibilii'u oC i>|ilct'u !■ \it/ 
i: iii'iU :— 

I uuUvil ill At BriMtkii' liint iili;ht, but n >- 

tlon, uii«l will ill fuiiir<>, nitli uiiy nun In-: 
Thfir iiimil<MiO<>, their viiiiily iiiiil rnlly, nml liic 
fxprnniu'il ill lh)<lr riiiiiit<-iiniirc<i ii|Hiii fiiiiryltiK I 
Mliilnti'n In iiu olijct't tu iim- iiiiw tif mirth. 

Mr. Hi>s<'iM< nImtniiiH froiii hiiilliii; ihiit M«<l\vyn'* i1l<i;n>*t nt thi' 
I'liiiiliirl of (hit <>|i|Hmit!i>ii wim III liny iU'cm*** ilii'tntiMl liy ihtt 
frvir of iM'iii;; tli'privi'il iif hit |ilti<'i\ worth two Ihoiiitiiiil a vinr, a 
ili'iiity which nt-tiiiilly Iwfol him. Thiit hi- hnil nii <•)•• to 
lii.ntcr (lay in th<* inltUt of hit Jfrt'inimU in likrly tMiiiiigh. lint 
uo rniiiiiit (loiilit Ihnt In thi' iiiiilii h<> wim |M'rfiH'tly )»lnf««r«'. 
Knowing im ho did inliiiiutoly nil the I'hii'r nrtom In tin* ilmiim, 
ho wiiH not to bo d<*<-<>iv<><l liy lh<>lr |ir<iri>HMtoii». H<> nnw ih.'tl thi- 
porninniMit !iiic<f>HM of tho Whijr* iiuNint n rhnnc)* In 'hi- ('oiixtltii- 
tlon liltio li>H.H liii|Mirtnnt thnn liiid Ix-tMi cffrctiMl u hiimlitil ycnm 
iK'forp, thoiifch It iiil^'ht Ih> iimm nirfriilly iINkhImmI. WIiimi Mr. 
I'ilt cniiK' into [miwit h«< pivi< Solwyn iinothiT pliicr wliii-li 
<-iinlil)>d liiiii to piiHH tlii< ritniiiinin;; yi-nrt (if hii lift* in i-iiHt- iinil 
ooiiifort. IVit the Krcnch IScvnliition was iinothrr ^rnnt nhiM-k li> 
hliii, thiiii^li lu> did not live to witni's!. thi> |{i-i;;n of Ti-rmr and thi' 
fXecutioii of lh<> Kinjf niiil (jiu>4<ii. Hi* was xpnriMl that Inst lilow, 
iind (lied In .Taniiary, 17U1, while the Fpi'iich Monarchy, In nniiu- 
ut leant, Htill exiittod. 

Of tlip wit and humour for 'which H«>lwyn in no fnininl th<> 
<>dItor nays vory truly that to reproduce a niiiiilM>r of exaiiipl<>M ut 
the present day, divorced from the circimistnnces, the wH-ii-ty, 
null thi> moral atiiiosphere which khvc thoiii point nnd iiriliiancy, 
must ncccss4ii-ily convey a very false lmpri>ssion to the modern 
ifiuler. Mr. .IcMse has given us two or thni* imgi-s of them 
collci'ted together, which fully justify .Mr. Kosco<> for not 
I'ollowing his exainpio. S<<Iwyn's wit was often only a play upon 
words, and do|M'iulent for it.s effect on houio incident familiar to 
liis heai-ers. In tho idea itself there Is often nothing at all. 
Clothed In other words It would lie wholly coininonplnce. But 
that is not tho ciuio with •Tohnson's wit or Sidney Smith's or 
even Canning's. In their goml things there is generally-- of 
course, not alwiiys— a touch of universal and |M<riimnent 
■.ignitlcance apart from the occasions which sugp>st thiMn. Hut 
in Selwyn's wit there wiis nothing ill-natured or nialicioiis. He 
was a thoroughly good-nafure«l, kind-hearted tnaii to whom 
friendsliip was a necessity, a great lover of cliildren, and 
interested to the last in ail tlie pleasiir(>s and pursuits of young 
{icoplo. His foudiiess for attending exix-utious did not aris«> 
from any s|HHrial callousness to suffering. The worlil wiis pr«>tty 
well hardened to hangings in those days. It was a iiiorliid 
curiosity, wliicli, we own, it is dilhcult to account for in a 
character like tk'lwyn's. 



THE PRE-RAPHAELITES. 



The Bnglish Pre-Raphaelite Painters. 
Bate. 11^x^.^111., .wi.t !::() |i|>. L,>iitl»ii. li>ui. 



Tliere is no Ruhject about which more hoa bt>en written of 
lato yoan than thu Pru-Ilaphaoliti- paintoro. We hare liud three 
or foiu- liiogriiphio.s of llante Kossctti hitnsclf, nn vxuellent one 
of Mmiox Hrown, ('l!ri.straas luiinlierB aiul niaf;azin« art elcs 
without i>nd en the life aiul art of hia comrades, historiea of tliu 
Hrotliorhood from men such as Mr. Holmnn Hunt and Mr. 
William Michael Roseetti, who could tall ub the inner working of 
the movumont, or from intoreated oliservers, who have watchc<l 



ratiuw of Um> ai' 
ii  n " hill 

I ' u to kin 

cajtijt 
vnntiii 



Hv Percy H. 



i< 



lilt II Ml 

f> rth a<: 



<l uixWr llie 
>• thai •■ 
«iid III a 



'ni bM tmm mmeumty •*•< 



liiiiudira >ii Uia I 
W. M. Ho«M-tti I . 

1. To hav« gmiuina idea* to wt f rat. 

3. To atiMljr nalitra atUttliveljr, ••> •• t« knov Iwe 
tluioi. 

U. To ayiupathlxe with what U illrMt mmI tmio m 
fvit in (irarioua art, to tiM vxcliuiuo ul wh*4 it *4 
aiul Ml I'l IoatumI by rut* ; aii'l 

4. ' iiaable of all, to {aotiic* tb«r« 
pictun* aud at«tiw«. 

And if we vero ra<|uirfd to aum ap Umm elaa 
word we th mid turn Lack Ui Mr. Kuakin'i **n— r W 
oiiil tay, with him, '' Truth vai tha vital poww .• 
school i Truth ita armour ; Truth ita var-««rtl." 

Forvui<>»t aiuong th* paiutwra of Uw group, i! 
Ford Miwlox Itrown, whom lu> atylaa tha Fi 
Kitphaaliim, n title to wlii b H« clasrly haa u > 
ahoultl mor<' pr^ifwiriy bu callKl the f"r>-r'iniiar of Iha 
sinuo in »oniu Wiiya hi* wori( od tim aiaa • 

ucnta of tiui youiigur artiata, j< » efforta to g 

proiiluma of light ami atiao]i|iliuri> m,t>t« him the Jtwm 
ftlciu oil- school in France. Uut ho uaver ..ii..^I ihaii 
uiul iioithw a<loi>t«d tho formula nor (o. .' pn 

memlers. The true foundur w.' ■> -■ i,ua>v*ii. Mr. 
ever, doua full juatice to the on i thia Uat-aaa 

imagiu«tioii and tliu spluudour <>: li:> .uliivvnoMataia 
headed " Frc-linphaolito uiid Idualut." Ilo <|Uot4M V 
Bcriptioii.s of si-vurni of hia pictiuea from Mr 
Mr. Sidney Colvin. luul gires excelluiil r«j' 
Bride," or  The Kulovad/'andotiMr characiariattc •■. 
to our suriiriae omits all nMmtioa of " Dante'a DraoM," 
of the fineat and m jat remarkable of tho auat«r't « 
Hulman Hunt ia deacriliad aa " The SUoaoh Pre- Rap! 
centruat to Sir Juhu Millaia, wh> ia UholUd " The 
Pro-ltnphuolitc," while a aeparate (hapter ia darottdl 
moml«ra of tha BrotlierlxMiii, which (Miginally in 
•culptnr Tbcmiui Woidnor aiul tlia wvll-kno«n writan 
Stoveoii Hod .Mr. VI'. M. Koasetti, as wi-ll aa Jamaa 
who roaignid hi* tiw Boaaaa C 

the nhort-livud j 

Tho latter and l>y far tho Boot intonalhin port 
Uate'a work ileal* with Um nu w ow aitila vIm I 
time or another of their lire* teen " dirvellr or i 
influenced by the principloa •' *'■ f'-otharhood. A 
w* find men of gvnuim* in<l awl diatiadi 

Mr. FmWrick Sao<iya ami Mr -^luwon Sol omq n, to 
othtrs whose naiiua are now almost forgottoa — ettch. I« 
us the l.ivtrpool artist \N iiidiu, whoao Iturd Ueleu s 
object of Mr. iluakiii'a m<>*t impaaaioiiad prsiao, 
B<a<oa, whoae toe piokure The Wnumlad i'eral 
gMMTwl aihuiratiou. when it hung >.n the line m 
Holuuin Hunt ~ t, at the iioyal Aoadamjr Ej 

IS56. Willioat ^i >s inciodad amuag th« aittal 

Pre-Raphaelitiam «>x«reia«Kl a parmanoat awl Laotia| 
and it is to l« regrotte<l that n< n-'fr.du. ti<<u ia gi 
that very intervating picture tjueen Gu.uitxrr. which 



UTERATLRE. 



[Jnmiar 



V*>tilv MM* iWMilrad «• «*• to this moTwnmt almoal all (Im 
fcn— t Ma^mk «it olUw p r iiw t 6»j. Amooc ttw artiaU whom 
Mr Bil»MBti(NMMiiitmMadb]rPi«.IUplM*lMm«r*iikdtiM 
"^tBMaof tk*M»-p»iBlN* Jolm Brttt •nd Bany Moon, of Ifr. 
IMMap, Mr. CaMarai. Mr. G. D. LmIi*. Mr. G. A. Su>r*7, 
: J. F. LawU, and Um TWMtila FVaoch aaatar M. Tiuut. 
TtM IM aight aaaitjr hare haan dnalOad. Tha laa ainl pi«tio 
•ft of aorli BMQ aa Fkad«j-irk Walkar and Gaorj^a Ma«>n t.««d 
inudi. Um** ean ba no diHitt, t<> tha tMching and vsample <>f tlia 
llr4lNrhood, whiU tha dalicata and raAoad work of tha watw 
o»l<>ar paintara Bujrea and G«Mdviii vaa intinataljr eoonaotad 
arhk tha ■u witit. Eren »■> origiMl and ladapaodant a uuutar 
•a Mr. Whiatlar did mt in 1<i* Ch^lM>a daya wholly aacapo f^>n1 
tha aMgiMUe iaiuaora .' tU. A aapan* 

■<-«rin( tha aoOMvhat in. c of Tha Roaiu i 

is davcAad to tha U: in) Iturna-Jona* whuao art no 

t ow«d Bach tothe: ..... n uf hia friand RowMHti, )iut 

«h.> faroogbt far atora than thia t<> tha aarrice of painting and 

" -• natwr a Pra-Raphaalita in eithar his principles or his 

.V. And whila Mrs. Stillman, Mr. Fairfax Murray, and 

T. M. Ri>oka may l« fairly styled continuators of tho 

!ti tradition, Mr. Spencar 8tanh< pe, Mr. Strodwick, and 

' Ir*. IM M(*]:au, it appaaia to na, wonld ba mora oorractly 

•!aacril<ad as imitators oi Boma^onaa. 

Finally, in a chaptpr which tho niithor ha.i entitled " Pre- 
Raphaelitism T.>-4lay." Mr. Bat« taken the work of Mr. Byam Sliaw 
.ind Mr. Cayler Kobinstm, aa typical of the latest derelopment 
(f tha acbool. Bat, if the spirit of Roaaetti and his c<>m- 
paniaiM atill liras, its current flows in other channels. Mr. 
Bata haa briefly dascribi^ tlie work of Mr. Frederic Shields at 
ICatr^n Hall and in tha Bayswater Chapel, and tho well-known 
dadgna of Mr. Waltar Crane (p. 95-07). and be has, in his oon- 
da^ttag dtaptar, glanead atill more briefly at the docoratire 
adM>ol which forma s<> imp<>rt>nt a farandi of the morement. A 
•oBiplaAa ehapter mi^ht well have baaa davoted to thoxe artists, 
to tb» man aoeh aa Mr. Selwyn Image, Mr. >Vhall, Mr. Hcywood 
Anmiar and thair ooapauinos, who am the chief supporters of 
the Arts and Crafts Association, ss well as to Mr. Gere, Mr. 
Qaskin, and the other members of the Birmingham proiip. It 
ia tbsaa men who, taking their stand on the principles first 
incnIeBtad by Mr. Raskin and ndoptc<l hy their great leader 
William Morria, liare inaugurated the flonriKhing and vigorous 
aabool of daootatira design which is one of the most hopeful and 
auMMUOgiqg featorea of Knglish art at the pre^ent time. Their 
work and their efforts an> a direct ontooraa of tha Pre-Raphaelite 
moTaaaant,an<l in spite <if all dtawbaeka and failnras it is to them 
that WW look fir the adranoe an*l devalopntant of national art in 
tha ouming eentury. 

PnnMluMUteDUriMaiidl/ettan. F^itod t.vWilllam 
Michaal BoMettt 7i - 5lin.. :<:> pp. IxikIoh. i.siiii. 

Hurst dc Black ett. 6/- n. 

Aa wa hava joat ramarkad. materials for a history of the Pre- 
> aoconmlating at such a rata that tha aniwiist of 
nt will aoon he able to compile a complate history, 
aei only of tha brathran, but of thair frianda and aaaociataa atwl 
aaaoal aeqaai nt a nea a. The preaent rolmne, writt«« by ona of the 
thfaaaanriviaig hrothars, is a farther insUlm<-nt. or, ratbar, three 
i, of aach matariala. First, there is the early oorra- 
I of R aaai Kl , eommandnir with a letter writtan in 1835 
(••••fca waa aam) and goInK do»n to 18M. Secondly, we have a 
lftptalaay«Haty by Ford Mados Brown, from 1847 to 18M, with a 
few aarUar lattna to hia ftrat wife : ami. lastly, axtraoU from the 
P. R. B. Jooraal. Madox Brown was not a Brothar. thomrh h« 



" ate up all tho flowers in tin- gnriKn on 

thaybfliavotl very ill." More of th«-si' <l«ily n< 

aach aa '< about £S left in podcat Taxman call 

foorth time for tha poor rate. Sent him aU 

Worked at the ski>t«h of The I*ast of Rngland.' 

is by no moans low water nuvk, for a wwk or 

birth of his si>n he writes :— " Finances reduced 

••^o we drag on." The publication of such things 

they help the mental pioturt' of Ma<lox Brown, b 

the aamo of some extn<m«ly viuli nt ix-rsonal coinn 

tlie diary. One of Mr. W. M. IVissitti's aims ii 

volume is statad to have Imh-u to convinoi tlu> w 

" a poet who azpraaav<l hin>»i<lf in vitso and in fi 

Gabriel Roaaetti was " nut a <Irt>aint'r, a 

<-, or an SBathate," but *' full of vigour and 1 

Han, well alive to the main chiuioe, ca|>ablo of en 

aa well as the Rrave aspects of life, and by no mi 

in contributing his quota to the cause of high 

letters oartainly ahow that in youth, at anj 

abnndanca of thaae rather common qualities, th< 

disendianting to find him writing of tho " Eooe f 

aa '' tho blease<I white daub," and urging Madox 

it on' thick as to psyment, for they certa'inly 

Perhaps the most remarkable letter of nil is one 

grandfather, whom he convicts reyjioctfully , hut roi 

a precision of language that tuggosts a youthfu 

publithed as his own and witinxit any ackn 

Italian paraphrase of "You meaner beauties of 1 

this (lata D. G. Ruesetti seems to have been al>oui 

The extracts from tha journal of the P. 1 

disappointing. It does not appear why the P. ] 

juunuki, but they resohetl to have one, and Mr. 

was comrais8ionc<l to wTito it. Ho foil in with 

but compiled it " without consulting his fellov 

without submitting it to them." It was priMlucibli 

who might choose to ask for it, but tho autho 

that any one aver did. In fact tho only one of t 

seems to have taken any keen interest in tho joi 

have been the poet, who at s<imo date not ascertai 

it and tore out " a fair fifth of the whole." I 

deal ahout the conception, birth, and short life 

about which, as it is to !« re-imblishoil, wc shall pr< 

shortly. As Mr. W. M. Rossotti w«» a wTiter, ho 

a good (leal of attention to tho interomrso of of n 

P. R. B. with literary people. So we have g 

Brownings, of Coventry Patniore, of divers editoi 

and of Tennyson. It was at the Brownings' lo 

portrait sketch of the late Laureate whs nuule by 

is the only one of the four illustrations which 

interest, although tho pencil prolile of Christina 

san-es as frontispiece, is very delicate in outlin( 

editor assures us, a |>erfoot likeness of his sister. 

Tennyson reading " Maud," which Rossetti t<M)k 

oomi(ailly exact stud}* of gesture and attituilo. T 

a aofa, with th« little volume, from which he is res'] 

hand. His left lag is curled up to the le\'ol of tl 

and with his open left hand he beats time on 

rhythm of the verse. If not a fine piece of draugh 

axtremaly convincing, and Rossetti evidently thoi 

for he nuule two cu|>iea. The present reprod 

that dona for Miss Uiddal. tho pupil whom 

married. 



AmTTxiTj vri?\ir lififwi 



January G, 1900.] 



LITEKATURE. 



retirl. It* RiAin ohjvct, »■ iitatMl In the preface, fa to " point not 
tli« Nniiron, tho (Hr«ctioii, ami tlia )ialan<-« nf {mwurat th<i p r u ent 
ilay," mill to '' imlicato which of the tetidiiiiciM of nuMleni con- 
Ntitiitiotiikl ilovolopmont ih>«iii to leail to danger, and ou^ht, 
iii'i'fore, to >«> resiated, and which will proliably le«<l to 
iiiiyth, |irfMiiH>rit_v, and ImppiiKum, aint on({ht, therefore. 
to l)(> i'ii<'..iini; I' I." Hut in puniimna«i of thia object it 
Mill Imnlly luMii-ary for him to '• deierihe and analjrae 
tho nmihincry of Nntional (Jov«n>ni«nt," with which hia 
rcadiTH might hnvu Ixitm fairly |>ri<aiimod to Iw already fntniliar. 
Aiatiri'dly, at any ratv, l>r. I >ommn need not have conaidored it 
roqiiiaito to profac(>hi«ini|niriv« liyao liuUI and rt>|>ellont a anmmary 
of well-known cunNtitntional facta na lilU nearly ono-flfth of hia 
\ iilumu. Tho i{>aci< which could have hoon aaved 1>y omitting it 
might have bi«n much more protitahly dovotol to tlio fuller 
lUivclopincnt of tho lattrr of tho two thomoa onumcratecl above— 
II dcvolopmant which, to t4>ll tho truth, ia not l>y any meana aa 
complcto ua could Ih< wiahml. Dr. Dornian'a mcthrMi of oxhiliit- 
ing tho vurioua forcca which unito to form tho rcaultant '* will of 
tho nation " ia to akotch tho charactora of tho aooOMwir* 
Sovi)roi(.'u« who have rt>i<>ne<l in thia country without goromin); 
and of tho aucccaaivo itatoamcn who have govomeil withoat 
riiipiing ainoo tho middle of the laat contur)- ; while for the 
|H>opU<'n share of the motive jHiwor ho has boon content to quote 
copioiialy from the n<<w.i|>ai«TK of tho variou8porio<la during which 
thoan SovoioipiH and statoanion Hoiiriahcil. Tliia latter motho<l haa, 
of courso, ita aiHX'inl drn^ltacka, hut ita adoption haa roaultod in 
tho ncciniuilatiun of a considornlilo maas of Rngliah opinion, if and 
in BO far aa ita rcpniaontation in tho contemiH>rary Proaa can be 
trusto<l ; and if ho hua not always mado auccoaaful and convincinf; 
uao of thu documonts. he hua at least compilo<l a record which 
will l>o of considerahlu vaino to the atuilent of tho future. 

Hia own use of it in the first section of the chapter entitlo<I 
" Tlio Dalanco of Power." wherein Dr. I>orman reviews the 
{irincijml events of tho century from tho Act of I'nion with 
Irolimd to tho occupation of Kgypt and undertakes to apportion 
their rospectivo shan'S of inflnonco in hringinj; about the evonta 
liotwoon tho Crown, tlio I'arliament,and tho people aa repreaented 
by the Press, is hanlly satisfactory. Wo cannot alwaya agree with 
l>r. Donnan's api>ortionmonts, and in some cases ho forgets to 
otl'oct the diatrilmtion with the rei]uisito precision himself. Still, 
the sun-ey is not without value, and might enable a fairly intel- 
ligent reader to conatruct a " law of the phenomena " for himself. 
^^^loro the author is least succossful is, unfortunately, at tho 
]wint at which, if his work is to fulfil its main purpose, his suooeas 
should have been tho most marko<l. In Section II. of his last 
chapter ho discusses in a somewhat too cursory fashion " the 
probnMo influence of tho various forces on tho iinme<liate future,'' 
estimating in turn tho pros|iective power of the Crown, the 
Cabinet, tho House of Lords, the House of Commons, and the 
Press in the detonnination of the national destinies. His fore- 
casts are plausiUlo if a little obvious ; but hia aomewhat mild 
proscription of educhtion and self-e<lucation to conscientious 
citizen.ship hartUy fulfils 'his promise in the preface to indicate 
'• which of tho tendencies of nioilern constitutional development 
ought to bo resisted and which encourage*!." l>r. Donnan's l>ook. 
in slioi-t, is of consideruMy loss value as a systematic treatise on 
tho ))hilosophy of jKilitics than as a summary of Kiiglish political 
history of tho present century and as a rejxisitory of sensible and 
• Koasionally sliioud and sii!,'i;estive ct^uunents there«>n. 
Mop* Unpublished Thackopay. 

In 18'12 Th.nckcray eaine of ajp>. His property is said to 
hav«> given him an ineonio of al)Out five hiui<ln<d a year. In n 
short time his |n'iuei|iid h:id vauishtMl. .Vn Indian lianlc, cnnN, 



rolaiM*, KiT* 
In which h' 
JonnwU. 'I 
Mr. 8p<'«>«-' 



(••rar's writliiff* anil >lr 



opt*. 

flrat ttuu: 
|>rie(% a 
porioillraU, ihA hit I 

Tb« colk>cti<Mi is <  



irritM u 

willlwi 

'•< : wkli 

tt^M'iuliU-o lit a MMitvuivttt t'fM, ami at 

Inrtp- ntiiulifr u( bU ««H(r«l ariltuc* 

• by iIm Aim 
I a rurioM* Itrt 



own. One sm>», at |e«»t. (he youne Tbarkfrsy >lwr 
InliHia for tntur«< and larici-r laiUlfs. Tltrw* writ 
intloeil, forKiittoii by tln-ir author Umg Itrfurv be wa* I 
tho liMddiMit* eoiiiHfUHl with bU (i«lll4ir*bip of til 
r<>iiMim<d rn>«b in bi» mttuorj. In " Lnvel tbt> WU 
tells UH how the ■' itachehir nf n«'nk-*tm<l " timmf* ii 
ainn of tliat " neat littlo Iit4-rary papvr, the Jl/a4»«at.' 
Im- taken to moan tho ^'vn*(ilHi>uH<>f, wbirb waa • tr 
ei-M'jy tho aaine cbaraetor. Imter, in " Lotwl," 
pmvid(>«t ua with a uwrid cnmiwiil on hi* Rrat JiiailMll 
which thus forms a crilieiMn of Mr. S|M-iie«*r'« collaetli 
1 dare aajr [h« wTite*, always In Ibo rbara 
iMobelorJ I gave niys^df air* a* an «lllnr of ibat < 
Mitum, and pni|H>M>d to iMlueal* Iho piihllr u.tf, 
morality and Minml liloralura thraaKlHNit lb« iiali 
|MM-ket a lilM<ral nahiry in rftum for my arrrioOT. 
I print)-*! my own noniwts, my nwii tra y i ily , mn t 
. . 1 dan»f«ny I wmle <iatiri<-nl nn' '. w|||c 

inys4df u|Min the tinene«s of my uit ohm ria 

the none<t out of eneychipn-ilins .■ ' ' " "• 

. . I ilan> nay I made n . 

Pray, my good friend, luist thou n* .. , - .,..„i'.- 

hast never been a fool, bo sure tli»u wilt never lie a t 

A very' long time after the pmsent eolloetlon Of eril 
|ta|H-rs hail Im>ou pnldishi-)!. Thackeray wm te for kii 
friend Miss Kat«' Perry the wvll-kiM>wn votm^ rallMl 
nnd tho Album," in which <ieenr IIm< liiH>o e%|ilaiidn(t 
moat of his (x-easional journalism : — 

Day after day the labour's to Im> <Ioim>. 
Ami sun- as couh's the ixxtnuin ami lh«« »nn 
Tho indefatigable ink must run. 

Ho was young and was writing with the hopo of dally 
by his |H>n, ami ho did not write very wtpll. Heneo Mr. 
collection contains much immature and imtaalerial wo 
it will have its interest for Thackeray aperialiata. 
RIoapdo. 

Tho " Orth(Mlo\ Kconomists " of the earh 
century have lately come into faroor apiin. Wr 
twelve yean, we have se<>u tho publication of Ricardo' 
Malthus and Mc4'ullo.'h. and his letter, from abroad. N( 
from the Clarendon Pr(.s.s LRTTRas or David RlrAKKo n 
Tkowkb axd OriiKas, 1811-182.1. Thesv l«tt«rs. (— 
the other three hatches, make accessnde pract 
economist's informal writings. Ttiey hare been ranr 
by 5lr. Jamea Bonar and Mr. J. H. HolUn<Wr. .\s 
l<een |>ointed out, many of Riivrtlo's so-call«sl errors r 
on his inability toexpress hims<-lr rlrarly. hi« habit oft 
much tliought into few words, and thoas perta|N ao 
happily choiien. Of thia failing he aaami to hara boan i 
he writea more than once of his " limited poaaraof coa 
and declares (in 1815) that " never alukll I ha ao 
however correct my opininna may b»>roroe. aa to prodt 
which ahall procure me fame and distiactioa." Th 
explain much that was oharore. Moat of than ware writ 
HtitcheaTrower, a stockbroker whoderalopod into a coani 
mau.andliecanieChairmanor tbefiniklDBfdBanchandOn 



LITERATURE. 



[jHinmr 




k>a, MM MM aooMil mkI 
Mirrjr t*pi« of tiM> ikjr, #««<« MMh rriroiaiu 
anr« M U» Wavrrliijr XovrU Mai vomtUf riemm, coMir up for 
aih-wnoB. la alMrl. to ih« t ill l w nf i > wonh, Uiia aamiimiily- 
I tM • pl»N> ia t ' W iy w mwwi iM'* lihniry, 
iM m KTM* SMnr p M i i ii m wrlL. 



It woM b« bard to find • lMtt«r praamt fur chiklran who 
at* old inath to Imt* I«Mn>t • litila FVancb than A RtMtc or 
TmKsrm Sana ram tub Yoi-xo (Dant, 4a. Od. n.)- ]a<l««l, Mr. 
BwiianI Minaen. oaa i>( tha Harrow maators, «bo i* tba ootn- 
fS^, 1«B tlnowii hi* bi|t aat ao viiUly, and jwt with au< h iinurrinf; 
qra|Mtky of aaUction, that tha book ia mors than likeiy to be 
ia^tnafted in the ilrawin;; rooui before it raachaa tha nuraarjr. 
It tw f4~ *T* •onto of the ilelightfal uld Kraneb nuraery rhymaa, 
abich. Ilka tlw 'Bi^iab caaa, baf* no known authors, tido by 
aide with axqniaiia bita tWxn writarsaa dilftttnt aa Victor Hugo. 
Verlaina. Lamarttna, ch> Ranrillc, <iuy deMaa|waa*nt, Alfrad 
<b MoMat. Jaan Ri<4ie|>in. Tb<(ophi)e Gautier. Mltrgar, IVrangar, 
PmU Bootgtl. an<l Armand Silvaatra. Paul D<^roulMa ia 
t«|vaaaatad bjr that immortal pieco of antohiof^raphr, " Le 
Bos Otta," and two othtT MHif^, which may explain to 
BoKKab iiadnri the uni<|ue pnaition which the much-ma1if;ne<1 
MkHar-poat oeoapiea in France. Mr. Miniaen haa ikIcImI an 
I bai naeftd vocabulary, wbidi somehow contrived to 
I diaafraaable air of onliiiary leaaon-book voeabularica. 
Ha raeoauaaada hk littla readem to «ak the n«Deh goTemeM to 
ahig thaw tlw Magi, nearly all of which have bean aat to miuic. 
while aome ova tliair aorriTal entirely to the popular tnnos with 
«bi«h tiMy wan handed down. Altogether, no lorar of children, 
■■d «a woold area aay no right-minded child either, cnnid bo 
root againat tlM charmi of thia dainty book. The d<-lieat« 
glWM of Mr. T. H. Robinson 'a drawing* — he haa evidently made 
a ""l l tl'**"*'"— atndy of French oostunie at ilifTerent j-eriods — 
qatta diadagaiikaa tha collection from the whole hateful tribe of 



Whan books of an avowedly military nature— aucb aa this 
lanned by ciri liana, even that aonommodatii^ and 
eradolooa paraoo, t^ " general re ad e r," is apt to regard their 
tadmical cu t'ie etn eaa with a certain measure of suapicion. In 
the oaae of Mr. F. Norrey Connell's How Soloieba Fiuht 
(Bowdao, 3a. Od.), his natural distrust will not be altoguther 
misplacad. The antbor's prophetic account of " A Battle of the 
Fntnra" will make military men smile. In his preface, however, 
Mr. Coenell vary sensibly declares thathia volunte is not meant for 
" profaasiooal ssUlers." Less critical persons »-iIl derive soma 
if no vaiy great amount of anthantio instruction, 

iH. 

SoutlBBa or nu Qi-bxx (NVIaon, Is.) is admirably devised 
to give the yoong an idea of lift' in tbo British Army by means 
of a aeries of ooloaml itluntraUons. Tlic ingenuity of modem 
wartkra is well reprcscntod by pictures of tbc most approved 
fona of war baUooo, of a trestle bridge, and ao forth, and 
I pietarea of heroie deada that of Sir Radren Buller 
; tk» VIetoria Oroaa la wall ehoaen at the presaat moment. 
Farkapa with the aid of aoaM more pictun-s a little roniw 
ipacial i a i Uatt io M in tha rognktiona of the Army might have 
1m« iapBrtad. For axampk, few children— and, indeed, not 
aM^ aAdta— are well vatsed ia tiie tUfferant uuifonas of the 
BkHWi Araiy. Bat the pietaraa viU aarve to atimuUte tha 
vosiiafBl aatnot. 



the itaitant |iaH |tbi>wd by the fi>rl««rN of the 
(rf tiM- I7lb iH tiM> tbtlnt-lax-a rb«nr<* uiiikes «|dr{ 
ex-t'ry <■<%•' in iiiwImUIv »*tn*'. 1>i<> r<>Ki>Heut iit 
as " Tlip l>>«th or (iltiry Boys " <m mMHtunt < 
II that htnim {•» rrr»t. AceurdinK to 
't haa ill tiM* iHist \mtHx ohnrrd with iIhk' 
Daadiea " aad " TIm' i*i|MH<lay Bovn." No i'S|iIii 
b offered as to Ibc ori|;lu *>t ih't* Indrr <>|iiihot. 

Reprtnta. 

Pii KWIC1S, with m*w pictnros, will strike t 
with MirprlM* if not with <.ii«|>icion. But, If rtiilj 
th<»r«« is nmrh toU" wiiil for the llr^t volumoof ^ 
now Rocheiitor Kpri«>«i — a series, whirh, like M<>! 
i« a staiHlnrd f-dttlon of n dUTfrent onlirfrom tl 
Di<'k«i<t now lioiiiK puhlixliod. Th<» |iIctiirr>H t 
Sow, niHl art* KOtf'ly vio«-<i of plaoos. This i»c\v 
fiict, miKtit Im* cjiIWhI a to|HJ(trs|ihiriil " Pirlovl 
arc Inrp'ly, thoiij.'li not wiiolly, tojio(rTH|ihicnl. 
work \h in rapalili* hniMl*. thl» i« ft ill moi-o tnif> 
Mr. <rm!tlnB writ<-H pn-fsfH-*, critioiil and liil ' 
F. ft. Kitton writi-w noto^. Both \vrit<'n< I. 
Iioth art* r«'fro<<hlMjrly l»rW, .niid toll tin- r«-ii<lor 
not more thnn lio wants to know. \\> can tlioroi 
this first lnst«ln«ont of tho Rorhestor Dickons (! 
A now ••difion of Gi-lmvek's Tkavkls i 
addod toBohn's Libmrios, nnd has nn intnxlrioti 
Tlio intro«lnplion nitnins tho idonl Inloly hold 
thnn;^ not consistently pursuod, by Mr. .\ii«1it> 
almost oxclnsivoly biojTniiihicnl and liibliof.Tnpl 
lipht, nmonjj othor things, upon tho rolations m 
nnthi>r>i and publishors in onrly fJoorjiian timos. 
£iJOO : but added " If it ahall hnppon that 1 
nns»-or as 1 oxpoot and bolioro, thon whntovoi 
too much, evon upon your own wonl, shnll 
Tlio publiKhor ropliod that ho coulil not, at 
raiM' so largo a sum, but wouhl promise to po; 
time, concluding, 

In tho moantiiiio I sluill trust to yoiu- lioi 
that what shnll njiponr tonic more thnn tliosUi-< 
shall lie ropaid as you jiiny depend ni>on n pr 
m«>nt if the suoooss answors or oxcoihIs cxixH-t 

AVc are not tokl liow this ajrrooinont woi 
know pretty well what would be Sir Walter Bess 



TRAVEL. 

Tko CapollDoa. 

It is oooasionally tlip lot of the miilor. iin it i 
to oome anexpeetedly on so rich a country tl 
examination of its rpsourres or its wonrlorn ia « 
Sech a couiitrr is to \>o found in Mr. K. W. Chr 
I«LAKDe(Mothiion,12s.«il.). fortorfview it fsirl 
oommittee of nrientitio men leanie-l in r.ooli>«i 
in those PolynesiHii lanfruapos about which so Hi 
battle has long rageil. But the rarolincs, or wli 
Spanish Micronesia, include aa many kimI as va 
aa are to be found in any group of islaixls in t 
•OBM of them are banded over to Kn(;lanfl by 
Agreement, we may hope for farther study l> 
Archipelago while the native life yet remains 
history of the islands uiMiar .><p«nish rule has bn 
tion to the historj' of other lands dominated 
and in oiie sense this has been an advantage to i 
which induileil leas of hlooiished ami homban 
altarad ai att ars grsatly. It is friendly interea 



.J i.2-t. £^ lA 



.laiiuarv 6, 1J»00.] 



LfTFKXT! in' 



ArtintnU Cypri«n RrWiTB in  dcUifMM wiri ■ugawtir* iHtr<>- 
<Uioiioii, «i<A« ill Hf— inlaiitiN • vwjr miiwi of ttiMMllv* 
mialtiftiM i>( MiM-oinl riiliM to Um ttadmt of •oekl ami |telitlciil 
|ir<ioeawM. Thiii i* n Kmmhof mWdm tiMt Ihm hum fur too mOeh 

iiA^lflcttKl. We Imvi' II eni:it (ImI of Compn- l'>IO(;y, liiit 

tot) littln <'oiii|mi'iitivi> l'i)lltic«. AnftloRy, » ! 'liiiiB«r« for 

tlio iiliiirt-iiiKlit<"l ditli'i iiMtru ilinUic-tictaii, ia Uio mett 

fruitful of nliiL'iilattiry |i:i . Kroni what Aihiiiral Rri<lf(» haa 

HivMi iia, it iMioiiia a pity Uiat other ilution havu prvvmitnl hiin 
from (lerelopdig \\u nkvtoh of iilliiil political pr«tw«««a into a 
voluiiiu, 

Mr. Chrifftian ilcrotca murh »|>ao« to tlm hiv'ily ititariotiii); 
|yrobli>iii of tlio ruiim of Mxtalaiiiiii or Naii-Matal on tliv i-Ia«t 
CoiiHt of Pniia|H), anil it (ueiiix protiahio that, |i«n<liiif( furtlMr 
ovi.lniHi', Kuliniy'ii c*oiioluiiionii will Ixi aoM>|>ti-<l. Tim iliacOTtrjr 
liy Kuliary (to wlioin Mr. Cliriiitian «loc< ovory Jiixticv) of akull* 
to]Hi ill iiiKlinturlNil ^rnroN, which are of •ntlrely ililTerant 
cliai-notor from tlio ]ir(tM!iit Poiinpoan akull, may not be Mitin>ly 
coiicIuKivo, liiit it oullii for tK|iinlly xtroni; prvaiiinptiv* cvidonr* 
on the other siile liefom pthnoli>f{iiita can iliiir«|,'ar<l it. Ami tlii* 
<<viil«nru at prtvmnt nooinn laoking. 
Japan. 

Mr. Lafcadin Hvam'a new liook, Ix Gmoktiv ,}AV\t 
(i^mpson Ix)w, 7». (k1.), is a mMlley of Jaianfac fa ta and 
fnm-ii'H. The author pi'tst nnuh domr to .Iniwiii-a*- lifi- and 
thought tlmn thi" ordinary writt-r on tlm aul>j«-t. rnfortunatt-ly. 
thi' liuok i* <|iiiti< inronapcutivii, aiHl oanuot Im< n^fnirdMl aa a 
wIiuIk ; hut, takMi i«'p«rat<-ly, all thMK> Hki>«-hi<« ami ahort 
pniHi-s art" worth r<>adinK. A few of thrm are ■torira, othi'm 
riOato to ; philosophy and r<>lif;ion, and othom to poetry and 
)irovar)>8. (hie of tht< 1>o»t Is on im-ense, which in not only use.1 
ill religions it>roiiioni(>e. luit also supplies a ipinint kind of pun* 
for the aniu«cm<>nt of those who can afTord it. It is espenaire, 
for only the costlier sorts of incense are hunied, and the object of 
th(> ^'aino is to idci-.tify each kind of inccniio by its jiorfiimc. The 
; ' \ . r niu.it divtiii^uish one sort from nnother, and must not 
11 tiko |)luni-l>lu.>iNom inoeiife, lot us say, for Kvciiinf; Mitt. 
" It is quite a feat to make ton correct judj^ments in siiccoosion." 
for the olfactory nerres pet jaded lonp Iteforo the queer n-athetic 
contest is over and all the ten packages of inccnsv are consumed. 
The ){*n)« is pUyiMl witli deeperate eurueatiiess. .An elaborate 
otiipiette is pr*s«-rii:e<l for it ; the results are solemnly reconle<l, 
and the apparatus tisetl is sometimes very valuable ami artiatic. 
The I'Iniptor on ixx-try, which is uiiinTsal in Ja)wn, is on a Bore 
xeriouH subject. Mr. Heam HihIs an analogy liotwoeii Japanea* 
."hort poom.s and ,1a)>niiesu pictorial art in that both arc int«ndo<l 
rather to suppest their moaning than to preacut it completely. 
Ill ixdiance on this artistic principle we trust that our necessarily 
short notice will 8u^';:eat that Mr. Heorn haa written a rery 
attractivo book. 
The Alp*. 

Kniilc JavcUc was a Fnmchman who liogan life ns a |>lioto- 
p'aplicr, anil aftcnviinls liecame a schoolmaster, at Vcvcy. in 
his holidays ho climbed mountains, and ho was a contributor, 
mainly on Alpine sutijccts, to .>^wiss |icrio<lical literature. His 
fugitive pajiers wimc collocttxl and publishoil after his doatli, niid 
tlio.io are now inti-oilno-d to Knglish readers, in a tmnslntion done 
by Mr. W. H. Cho.ison, umlor the title of Alpinr .Mkmobik.h 
(Inwin, 7». Oil.). Tliey are gooil enough niagasine articles 
« S'>"d (leal bettor, in fact, than the average ; but we should hartlly 
have tlioupht them imiHirtant enough to be rendered into a stranpi' ' 
toiipue. The charms of Uie form are neceiaarily lost in tlie 
translation, and the su1»tanco has little intereat, aa M. Javelle 
was not a clinilier of exceptional intrepidity, and aeMom broke 




J 



J. (>. MIIUU' A Baut 
wrlcotm* at tbc p n' w t 
lh«' lo»» wi>lcflmi« for Ih 



i«t(ro<i >• ndcfratl bi i^ Ua 
MM laa«Ui. bat mMmt Im 
a«taf« of Um M|mhtiu« nwhrtilw to Umk tar tU* I 
l~»-«lMr«a yftm* \mtan D» Hmmmm»'» «iett to 
TIm** waa m«Ii aa mi 
aooomt of H, sWiai llMt IJm isMtjr 
MBONvwte, MiaU. UH|rinaUjr wntiMi isUanMa, 
imiaicatvil by a «la«owiilant at mtm t4 %tm r^-' - • 
Vasi-.!, Mho publiaheal it, in frvnah, is tl» 
At{iini> of Turin, in Ittl. A tahtama lo it, ll on 
would have a<kh->l to the ftUoe of 
iiiiplon- .Mr. Clioaaxu, if he 
to aU-idon his l>ail habit of wriiiag Iha 
" Mona." fur Monaieur. " Mom." icM 
a« •• Dountix'r." 
South Afrtoa. 

.V «4-coiii| iilition of Mr 
Vnirr (Sothi-mn, ■I&. n.) hi 
obviouH n>aM>ii«. It U not 
convrnlontly portable sian than tb« ttrvt c^itioo. 
Wik Ii mainly a narratlvr of apiM^InK ei)> '*' 
lncidi<iital t-ntluiat)-^ of IIh' Dimt ■■hanw-t<>r » 
!iit<-r<-<itlnff for hnvln({ 1- ' ' 

iM'forf aiipry (in»ioiia w,   
fliic, but il 
uhcii foil. 

tliiic that thi- KiiKiKh travrllcr |ia« at bi« >1 
pur]ii>M>. Hi-rc .Mr. MillnU U prolwbly nranr i 
ill hln conjiN-tim- that " th«< pt^ofilo would 
EiiKli-<h ndiniii!-.trat|on of tli<-ir affaim in ••\- ' 
niid iinrniw-iiiiiiib>t| rule of the pn>M'nt V..lV'r.i ..' 
IMllticH nrt- Im-Mtl on the (Hil T<"-(.'I!im nt . .. 'I 
metkiMis nr<> iijiich on a |iar with tli".. .r M, .1 i. 
Tlio illiiHtrationn art*, of cm 
INirth-iilarly to thoM- who art* I 

PulilicM, society, the iiitr tiia iBiiiin( 

visions of the s]i<-culator. and :> that exiat or I 

iH'twccn Cai>o Town and Bulawayo are known to 
Deverviix. 8ho sharea her knowlodne with na in Im 
volume, 8n» Lights ox Soitii Arairji (Samfaoa Low 
fifyle, evidently ebilwralely formeil, errs fteeaaion." " 
of affectation, but never l>eci>meH ciimnKwplace or 
Devereiix went forth to oonquer S.>iitb Afrioa as 
corre^|ioiident to tlie JfemiHy /*i.^-(. Hho give* |{rai<l 
of Mr. KriiKer ami hi» people. The picturaa of life in 
land, and of Kinilierloy a<i it wasyenlert1ay,arefraBh ai 
hit;. Mn. Devereux'H olMervalitHis ami refbctiooa oa 
ipiestion are of value, ami her liook. .i-> .1 whole. !n 
agreeable, yet wxirthy of M-rioii* coi 
801TH Arau-A or TivDtv i\\ 

re-iaane. Captain Fninoi<> Yon > . rne i 

onnr«e, th* "floath Afrira nf Y>^i<-niny," a< it wma tr* 
in 18)17. It is the re^nlt of hi-t vi«it a« a apeeial corral 
TV Timt$. Me arrixe<l in Cape Tow* jaat ■• Um aiiea 
TramnulwiMrMu-hiiwacrisi*. Mr. UmhI Pkillips. tlH 
of the Chamber of M ' ' hanniolWillL. ba>l rr««a| 

tlie diMbilitioM imdri i<> goMkainii^ imloatri 

and hintod tbat hmIi miiimoieoii wire ■*■)■ 
n<s{ilents mi|;bt be eoMpelled to raaort to forro. « , 
hiixlMiHrs amiNinta of the rrvnit and raid. tb<< mMl 
atfairs, and the out look in IIm> Tnini>Taal are all <>se«4ln 
His rhapter on " Indian Immiirmlinn to Natal " •» < 
value by reason of his wide koowlv<lgc of Indian lila. 
Arwtle D lo eo>er > . 



10 



LITERATURR 



[Jnnimrv 



or Um V«tpu The gi^trtifkj in a book of thU kind, 
 lor cklMrMi or MlalU, UKMild b* ekiw •• «<>ll •> c<<irrt<ct. 
Mr. Seott, aot coatent «lth Inritniilac kU rMuk>rs tlmt Capn 
OMyfct" b " Um mart norUiprlr potat oT Eurupr," confiiaM 
tkmm kopflwljr bgr r«l«Ui« Uud CapUia Marliin<, aft«r ■alllnff 
•' akii« tka Martk-rait PhMac«. " wm» aeeorded " the bonoar of 
pvoriac Uw «dat— c w of tk« Nort h-Wc«t PaMag«>." Bat this in 
■0* tk* wont. Tker* ai« many inarraraeiM in the acrntintu of 
tk* aarUar TojaiCM wktck we kav« no spaco to pi>int out. The 
a l knr akooM acarcaty ipaad iRcea pagna npoo Fnniklin'ii lii>.t 
Tograca vltkoat a kint tkat tka tncMeala aro largi'ly itiuiKiimry. 
BiU vkea ke draU with pspnllllnmi like thoM> of Niiniwn ami 
JaekaoB, vhirh arr> <4ill frpoh in iMir nMHiutrics, «t> expect to find 
Iks talo retold wUbtHit crmn on excry f»go. It ia not too ninch 
to wjr tkat Mr. Scott baa Ki\on u* a new vcrHion of tlio iiio<>tiii(c 
of tko two cxpform and of NanM>n'i> n-ttim home. But this in 
tka way tn wkiek kiatofj to written when the author writiii in 
kaala aial trata larga^ to meBMWT. 
TlkaRboaa. 

Mr. Cliariea W. Wood ia ona of tlie fuw modem writera who, 
after tka faakioa of tka writora of tka aifubtecntb oonturj', travel on 
tka baatoa track, and writa placid books about their experience*, 
tai lin g ua wlut w««UMir tl>ey had, and wliat they aaid tu waiters, 
nkiWitiwiiiaiila, and keadlaa, and Bllinj; in the apace with notes on 
tka kiatotiaal aaaodationa of the placea viail»d. His touch is 
U^t and aympatkatic, which helps to oscuhe his not having much 
to aajr, and lor aajring wkat ha does say without distinction. In 
TBB Vallst or ma Raoxa (Maomillan, 10a.) is the narrative 
o(a Joomajr from 8ion to Proraaco. The relarencaa to hiktory 
wottld ba mora ralnable if they were more accurate. It 
ia ineonact, for example, to aay that Petrarch " waa wont to 
climb " Mount Ventoux ; the poet only climbed tliat mountain 
once. It ia also incorrect to aay that tlie Prihoner of Chillun 
' waa Taty doaacaiiaated," and that, when .Servotua was sentence)! 
to ba bwnk, Oalvin " enilearoured to have Uie sentence change<l 
to impriaoommtor lianiahmont." As a matter of fact lion ivard 
got into trouble with the authorities for beating his wifo, and 
Calria'a propi>sat for dealing with i^etvctus was Uiat that excel- 
iMit man should be beheaded. The most interesting section of 
Mr. Wood's book is his account of his exploration of the Camargue. 
Tbaca, at any rate, he was in a country rather lasa known to 
tka aTacage tourist— a country where there are wild horses, 
whuM tka inkabitanta are aaid to niaVo a practice of pelting 
ainagata vitk stonaa, and wkeca cripples, going on pilgrimagea 
to afcrinaa, ara ondaratood to fight with Uieir crutches for the 
katt plaea* in tka ekapal. It aeems a pity that Mr. Wood did not 
aspbca thia naigkboorhood tkoroughly ; but, though he only 
gfu* • ooapla of tlays to it, his deacription is intareating and 
g ia pki c . ^___ __^ 

Qt'AiXT Cnii«irn« or Axcinrr EiiriaBi, by Michael Meyers 
Hknamaliai ' lfti.6d.n.).daa eri baa an American's travala— 

■minly in t • i>lne lalanda, but alao in Sontkem India and 

Boma. It M a oaaual book, with little pretence at throwing 
ligkt upon any of tka profoundcr problems of tlie Par East, yet 
tnla re ati ng anoogk to read. Tka flcnunciation nf the Philippine 
friar* i« pattiealarly rigorous. It is due to Mr. Shoemaker to 
add tkat ke doe* not flinji his charges about at random, but gira* 
cfaaptar and rcrae (often from oOcial records) for the worst of 
tkam, and that he " doaa not eooaidar that tkeM friar* hav<- any 
tkfag in common witk the enltght< - - Oica of Knrope aiMl 

Aiarica." It is a lurid picture ex!. te a new aspect of 

tke white man'* bnrdaa. 



J#it HWra «n rtit 



u., 



plaoea and aorial habits, and a plentiful suppi; 
about the personal taste* of the autlior. Tl 
Russia " ara particularly lively, and remind ui 
few writer* have prttvcd ablo to put upon |ia)>er I 
of ercry-day Ituuian lifo. Some of the nmtti 
equally raadablr : the author think* timt thetSeno 
tke noisiest paoplo in the worUI, and iMiliovoH tl 
aummer station, has *■ no rival i>hort of Vii 
Mormon RaconI " lacms a littlx out of place in 
ia hurgaly prosa-piM'tio, and this is to !« rogn>( 
its •tetanionta ami opinions ara noteworthy. W 
himself calls the " frank egoism " of " Initial ( 
intereat to a cketch which is othonrise of flight ii 
is beautifully i>rint<Hl, ami its cover ia well ilcsigr 

The ilixpiite 1>otwcen Russia aixl Finliind I 
interest in Knglaml ami elsewhere, even amoiij 
Pinlanil is little mure than a nnine. nml lipnc 
Kisher, H.A., has done good service to the cai 
justice liy the puMication of a clear ami Micoitict I 
of the relations IwtwienKuasia and her dopemlenc 
ninety years, uniliT the title I PixLAMi am> thk 1 
(Amolil, 12r. M.). During this periotl Finlani 
greatly, and lias protluced many eminent writers in 
both in Finnish am) Swe<lish, liof'idos historiai 
naturalists. &c.. of very high standing. Luttcrl 
regret of all tlio friends of l>oth countrios.as well nf 
gent Russians themselves, a duterrainoil attempt li 
ovorriile the constitution of Finlaiul. and to impose 
greater military )>iinlcns than it can Iwar. A « 
consequently lieon plunge<l intoninuming. ami the 
have alreaily emigrate<l to America. Whether 
conditions literaturp ami science will continue to 
land is very doulitfiil. .Mr. Fisher's book will be 
who follow the contemplated rhangea, as a memoi 
past. 

Wo have two new Bae<1ekerH — a second edi 
(Dulau, 6s.) and a ninth (nlition of ArsritiA (h 
" Canada " is well brought up to <lalo, conlai 
information aboul Klondike- taken from the 1km 
Angelo Uoilprin, which we mvii-wud (piile rocei 
tioiis as full as can reasonably Ite expected fc 
Selkirks. There is al.so a Inhliograpliy— a fe 
conspicuounly alwent from the gnidu to Austr 
certainly be added to the tenth edition. 

HISTORY. 

The French Revolution. 

Not long ago there was what, in a motii|>hoi 
the Stock Exchange, is usually called a " boom " 
tlio French Revolution and the first Napoleon. It 
and the bookxcllers heap their counters with (juite 
Poasibly the present interest in war and rumr 
revive the cntliusiasni for Najwleon and his timet 
there is plenty of blorKlslied in the pages of Mr. H 
new book, The Real Fiik.nch Hf.\oi,i tioxist (J 
which deaU chiefly with the war in La Vendee 
■uppresaioii by the tribunals of Currier and hit 
Of late years inniiy historical studonta in the west 
devotol thomselvo.t to elucidating the history 
struggle, from which the att*-ntion of Kuro]Ni was d 
more exciting events which followed upon tlie rii 
Many liooks and pamphlets publish-j<l at Nnnt«-s, Ai 
provincial toams, a* wall a* at Par!*, Iiare given the 



January 6, 1900.] 



LlTEIMTrHE. 



of the cnioltioa perpetr*U<l hy tb* revolutionary tril>ui>«l* mmI 
riiilitkry commiMiona whioh were entniaUd witli tlui ta<k uf 

• ranhint; tho "revolt." Wv do not know any Knciiah book Uiftt 
ifivuN m> full an UL-L'ount of Uio wiki work done when " Carrier 
rniiiii tlown to tlie Loiro uiul iitew," altliouKli in OMenlUl truth 
Mr. Ju|>liti)n'a labour* have addwl little or notliing 
to the Imruing pegee of Carlyle. Tliu wur*t fault in 
Mr. J«3|)liion'a >>oi>k is ita title. Surely l>anton and MinbeMi 
wnrii HH " real French ruvoliitionint* " oa Carrier ? 

Royal HIatorloal Soolety Publloatlona. 

TiiK Tb-ixiaitionh or riir. ItoVAL HmroaicAt S<Mirrv, 
Now Svrif>«, Vol. XIII. ( Loii(Oii»'im)> I* full of Inti'rt'xllntc 
iiiiitlor. Mr. C. H. Firth foMtrll>iit«'»i an i-xi-t'llnnt piipi'r on 
" Tlii< KalnhiK of tlii< IroiDiidoH," which Incliidtoi mH-tionit on tho 
/irftoniiel of tho offii-rrH, nH>dlrnl orKiinlxation, <'<|uipni<>nt, 
iimlntximnco, and iliHclplIno, It \» noteworthy that, though i>n<'h 
v<'uiini-iit had ItN Niirp-on, thorc wuh no himpitiil NyNtom ; lint tlio 
sli-k niid wonndi'd wito Ki>iH>ridly loft lH-liiii<l nt tlii'ir (|iiart4*rH. 
Dr. Onirdnor di»foiirw« on " Thi> Full of Wol'wy," and -ihowa 

• '<in('liisiv<-ly how niijiist wi<r<< niniiy of th<> conntH of th<> liidii-t- 
iiiiMil nK'ii'i^f him. <)n*> ronrotH to find Dr. Oainlnf-r inclining 
to tho opinion that Sir ThoninM Mor<>'H otroni; InnKiiiiK'' nlN>nt 
" tho prvnt wothi'r " of the flock niiiy, nftcr nil, Ix' nnthcntir. 

V lonpthy and most Iciirnod pni>cr is that by Miss Mary Hat<<«on 
"111 " The Origin and Kurly History of Donldo MonaHtorlcs," or 
iDiindationH for mim and women oxistinK sld« liy xidp. She 
thoro ooiitosts the opinion of M. Varlii that this form of orpinlxa- 
tion was (lirtH'tly tracoalilc to Irish iiifluonccs. The vnlinnc also 
<'oiitnliis tho Aloxanilcr Vvizv Essay for 18V8 on •' Tho Relations 
<if th(> Crown to Triidt> under James I.," Iiy F. Hermia Durham. 
It will interest many p«>ople to-dny to lenrn that a Royal pro- 
x-lanuition of lti20 ordere<l the estahliyhment of national stores of 
Krain. Its object, however, with the fur smaller population of 
thO!<o days, was not no much to ;;uiird apiiust a dearth during 
war as to supply tho frwjuent deficiem-y in home pi-ixluctlon. 

Mr. O. H. Firth, M.A., has issuwl tho third volume of 
The Clarke PArRRM (Lonpuans), which ho in oditinj; for tho 
IJoyal Historical Sm-iety. VVilliaui Clarke, who was S«'cret»ry 
to the Council of the Army from l(Vt7 to KMl), and to Oenoral 
Monk and tho commanders in Scotland from Uiol to 1060, was very 
much Ix'hlnd thi^ scenes diU'in;; the IiilaMTe^uum, and his pa|M>rs 
4-i>ntniii a k<^mI deal that is of value to the historical stiwlent. 
They till a lonj? s«>ri«>!) of volumes in the library of Worcester 
Colle;te, and extensive excerpts from them have alivady Ikimi 
l>ul)lished by tho Scottish History S<H-iety. Thes«> |H>rtious have 
not bo«>n re|M>at<>d in this volume, and although the news-letters 
iiud other |)lk|>or<< (>ompris<sl in the pri>s«>nt instalment also f^o 
over much of tho Kroun<l «'Overtsl In Carlyle'a version of 
Ci-omweH's speeches, they are printisl hei-e only when they differ 
seriously from other accounts or arc not iiicliuird at all by 
Ciirlyle. Perhaps, however, the most interesting part t)f the 
volnnio is that which deals with the sayinp< and doings of RichanI 
Cromwell during his brief Protectorate. Then< an> many tliinpt 
in the Clarko Pa|M>rs which help to dis|H'I theohl Royalist Ixdief 
or piH-lence that Richai-d was a nier«^ is>nntry bumpkin. One of 
llie letters, relatiu;; the oiK^ninj; of PnrlianNMit In January, 1(150, 
vpeaks of his " grace and pres<'ne«"," ami praises his oratory, 
and, as tho editor sjiys, he really s«>onis to have made a presentable 
Sovereign so far as out wanl personality went. Then> art" many 
details of his endeavours to ingratiate himself with the army, all 
1o no <>nd. A curious caricature of RichanI Cromw,>ll forms the 
fi-ontispieoe to this vidume, which is to l>e snce«>«sl«>«l by a fourth 
and last. .Mr. Firth has iloue his <slitinir verv carelully. 



and eliihiy lllu»iratliNM. But rary ttm ol Umm A»Jai 
IrvinK'a |M<rwmallly. Beeidee tlw welHUMMVH bi 
■alUfactory MlllaU pi«t«re al Inring, tre ero Kirr«r«| 
of phatot{rapba anil drawiiiK* tbnwini IkeaHor at vart 
and III a variety of rharsrtrr* Many of Ibn ilrawla| 
without Interest, aunb •• that nt •• Kk>ber«l III " op 
148, or Mr. Hal LtulUm', (lrawln« uf •• la0>." 
Partrldgo'a portrait* of IrvInK In ehtnmttv, elllni 
w«ill-known, aro •ilinirat>le. Tb« " MvphUtopbalM 
upliri«a hud Md the " RobeH iMmirr " wUl git 
caaual olaonrer eane IdM of tha aHor'a ImMoaae n 
lalo Mr. AlfrtHl Brjran'a earicatum am araiMinK, aad 
aiKiMNi " Ollvor Bath," In Ibo alyla of Mr. Ni< )-.>-—■ 
HHire like tlio picture ofHIr Hi>nry l>y Mr. (•" 
laat inano of tlM« Anf/to-Aiyun Hnitir, \% intf-*-* unh- 
and alao a* a |Mirt rait. Mr. CralK i>uppll«a an rvcvl 
for thu cover of Mr. Hlalt'a book. Some of tbv <i 
Krapha, uneh a* that of Jingle, are full of rhanu-i<Y. S 
account of Sir Ui'nry IrvliiK'a tlmirirai rarotrr fr 
ap|M«raiicH< at Siiiak-rlaiMl in I8M, whrro bo faJImi to 
local critic* aa " Cleiimvnca," to tbo recent pro 
Itobetpierr*, la ailmlrably and direrlly told. 8omm 
la))ours of tho actor'a early yonth may be pitbemi fiw 
iiiK extract which closes tlie rtuipt«r ontholoag* 
]H*rioil, and the actor'a provincial oxperlMwaa >— 

Befon< he left Ktlinbur-' Mr. Hlatt)he| 

hnndnsi and twenly-<>it:ht i>arts. To th 

total must Im< aildisl a hundretl ami sixty |Mrt« playr 
lietween his l'^liid>nr)(h enga(;eiiM*nt and U>% app 
London in IWlt. Ho had, therefore, p«>rf<i 
hundnsi charaetera befbre he aehieretl any 
tinction on tho metropolitan ataf^e. 

E<puilly inten^stin^ is Mr. Hiatt's account of thei 
were to r«-war«l Irving for his early atnaggica. Th* eht 
tella of how the fortunes of Mr. Rateoaut at Uw hf 
at a low ebb, were r»'vlve»l liy Irvlng's "Mathiaa" I 
liaa all the cliann of a romance. All who have been 
Irrlng'a a<lniirf>ni in the paat, and all wlHt bwtk for 
future HUcc<<H!ie<t, will wish to {Mimesa Mr. Hiatt'i 
little work. 
Dp. Beppy. 

Chaklrm a. Bkret, D.D. : A Mbmoik, by the I 
8. Dnimmond (Cass«-ll, 9s.), is a book which, aJlhotiit)) 
primarily to Nonconformists, is by no meaua un 
n>adinK to thos<> who are outside what are rather ineu 
tho " Free Churches." Dr. Berry mado aa renai 
immediate an impression upon the Rrrat bddy <if Dia 
late Dr. R. W. Dale had dime, aad he was only l*e 
when he was offered the sooocaaioa to Mr. Henry Wai 
at BnM>klyii. He had the strenicth of miml and aii 
piirpoM- to refUM* wluit waw, in many f»"sii«'<n». a ItiIIi 
nlthoURh we n>ally must protest against ^ tftai 

of the lantnuift*' us«>d by souk* of iJm" jmt^ •tl ii 

aUiut the |M>sition Itelil by Brtioklyn Chiirvh. Xo i 
Raj-moml do<>s, that its |«stttr»te " is to-day Ibc n*aat 
pont in Prt>testant Christend<iai " is simply ridicakM 
IMtsition which depends for its valoc and power opo 
pn>achiii|c of one man ran that Im> said. Berry was IUM|« 
an exct-etlinely lim* (ircaclier, and was also a dipioai 
way, and did much to IM-Ip tlw " Ftsleralion nt 
Churches." His thfs>|i>i{r, t<M>, was far abore the le«« 
f<miid in his own communion. He even rpntOKd to c 
a Hi(ch Churchman, ami certainly |irrached a Baehaffat 
which hrvnurht uiH>n him cliarvs of oaorthadozT. 



13 



UTERATURE. 



[January 



CoatiMat. With Mm aMfMon of aoaw pwaonsl 
*i»i il i ttMt alMMr tfa» wptoTM' to h»«« batn ^ aktan amiabU m 
•all M pwwwuig, Umt* U noUui^ in tiiii volume tluit Ium not 
<.l«si «n Um bmv hooka thvolad to Um carhar exitlora- 
I ot • TW axptorara ara for the wott |«rt jiut aa 

.'I i4>nM b c at hrrn aa actor* we koov aUvady, ami tlioiieh 
tha hackfrouad of ^u> and ht-alry vkieh i* alwa^a brliiiMl all 
ptwfa^atioaa for an expedition lua.v attract ttuiitinta of liiuiian 
natara. tha main iotaraat of th« book baa nacaaaarily been long 
1^ ««ckad out. Tbw imlaad amai« traTaifera aia immorUl. ami 
tlwaa that ara hara haan thair o«m biographara. For Uio roit, 
thair elaia to ha l aa i i a itatail waa coaaUand whaa thair uamea 
Md to loaia laka, or woantain, or headland. Awl no 
I can Uaval in Auatralia, or ctualj- ita map, viUiout Imowiiig 
that U« vurlil o««a muoit to Sturt. But hit peer* were iiiaiiy, 
ami manjr of thoaa ara now ramanihaced oaJy when tJ>« stiidaiit 
flmla aa obaeure nana and date by tha tigiag line in anuie 
foffottaa map. 
Ttta Old LaaaaakiM UbaraUann. 

V..« intMTst «( till' Lira or Jorx Milu* (Mandiaatar, 
Sh«rr*tt -tiKl Hu^h««). mliich ia deecrihMl M •' Tluraads from the 
lif* of J--hn MilU. banker, author of 'Vox Humana,' inter- 
arovao with aoma early century rr«ollfrctiuus ly his «ifu," ii 
gTMtar than the poaitiou actiuklly held by Mr. Mills. Hi- was 
not aailnent in public lift-, like sr<me of hit friiud», but waa 
r a l ha r a haaiiMaa man of cultivp, and an anient promoter r f the 
idaaa of Libarml Lencaahire. He may bo aaid to haro belonged 
to tha Maschaatar School, but his ayuipathiea were so wide that 
it «ouU ha bettar to a^iply to him a laas i«atricte<l term. 
R aak int aaa U* buaiacaa— the foundation of the L«nc»»liire 
and Torkahira llauk in 1S7- waa duo to him— but pootry and 
atuic wctv hia rtcraationa. Amonn hit friends and acquaiutauces 
weia Wotdawocth, Bright, Kataaao a , Klihu Unrritt, Frmlerick 
Um^laja. Kcaanth, and Profeaaor Jevona, to mtme some of the 
beat kaowa of than. Mrs. Mills' unaffectetl narrative gives a 
guoil picture of m wwll-aiwnt Ufa. 

Incidaatally, it doee more than that Mrs. Mills prefacea 
tha bic ffa p h iod part of bar book with her own early reooUac- 
tioas. which bcRan at RocinUIe in ISaO ; and in writing of the 
jraara during which her husl.and was a bank manager at 
Nantaich baa murh to aay of that old-fash icncd Cheshire town. 
Timler loke« and pack horses are among hui childish riininio- 
oaooaa. Ten jean later came the uiemorablo day when the 
diaaer table and a co|i{icr coal-Kuttlo were leiictl ami sold for 
oomi nJa^ry Church rates. The children were even disappointe<l 
that their fathtrr, John Potrie, was not imprisoned for tito 
good «.aose. Another notable year was IKK), which was sig- 
nalfztd by tha fir«t train from Mancbostar to LittIeb«>roiigh 
paasiif in t lew of the P«trie's house, and by toiuo short and 
aharp aadUne riots. ^M>cn a party of riotert c<tu:o to .John 
I^•ttia'a booaa and aaid thiy were " clemming," Mrs. Petrie 
mal tham at tha doot. fed tiicui with bowls of steaming stew, 
called tbam fooU, and, tellii g tliom not t') come again, said 
" Y<>o can aend your baima to-monow, yon tlut hare any." 
ThMi oaa man aaid besitaiinKlyf " You're a gradely good 'uu, 
miaaus, aad thank you kii.illy " ; and thuy all tumid away. 
Bat th(«e. and aonta uf tha following yean were bad enough in 
I<aacaahinr :— 

.S-KiM of tha okkr folk ha<l aocn their little girls, of 
' : aad t«n yean of a(ge, taut di wn into the darknets of the 
tr-aipita to wcvfc with a chain round tha wai^t for ten or twelve 
hu«f« : otfcm to tha aottoo milla, to ataw awl slave, oven whan 
babaa el tsrea. tha lieaioag day. People read of thaaa thinga 
•»« with woftdanseat. aa of a UW Umt is t<jld : b«it we raw. 



Ooltaetad BtoarapMaa. 

In writing his Haaoas or the Nixktrkktr ]0 
eon, two vols., 5a. rack) Mr. Bamatt 8mitl> has pr 
diScuHy in the rftoice of his subjects; but, as his w 
intenibtl to be popular, he has not gonu far wron;; 
one volume Wellington, Oarilialdi, (irant, and G 
its companion Nelson, Napier, Koherts, and Li* in 
tuimea, or at any rate most of tliem, woiiM at once 
one, witli the addition, porha|iH, of Franklin and I 
volumes are well printi^^l ai>" iM. Thvao I 

rather cumpilationt thau ot .'Won. In the 

for instance!, there are p«i«M)gi.a when* Mr. IWi 
closely followml Southey, and baa laid himself un 
which it would have been liotter to acknowleilge. 
btmk is for popular consumption, aad we may oomi 
meut with which the writer has emphasised t 
qualities tiist appeal nuiat strongly to the public in 
are alao glad to notice that he carefully uhst 
writing, and ttickii to plain and lucid narrative. 

Rosa Nouchette Carey ia a name to conjure with 
dataas, and her Twiave Notarlb tioon \Vomkn 
TBtXTU OexTiBY (Hutchinson, 6s.) is written i 
iloar to a largo number of reiu'era. " Our crow 
the van,*' as Miss Carey remarks in her intnxluc 
example of tlio author's style la found on the secoi 
ilevoted to her .Majesty :— " It was a IJesseil ilt 
when in the yrry old palace of Kensington, the gii 
Iwr liluo eyes first u|K>n this world." Tliu italic 
wo hail always supiiosed Korsington Palace to 
then, {lerluips, the sharp antithesis of colour 
spoiled the elegance of the phrase. Tlio other i 
volume (lonl with two Princesies, a Koyiil Duclii 
of a " belted Giirl," and the BaroneHx Iiurdutt-< 
less highly-born heroines, such as 8i»t«r lK>rH, 
Frances Ridley Havergal, \'c. There are twelve 
the book will no doubt prove an acceptable prai 
seriotu mind. 

\Vc have reoelvod the flrst five volumes o 
BiooRAPUiP.s OK Rmisent Amk«I('.\m< (Kegan Pi 
oditiil by Mr. .M. A. dt- Wolfo Howi-. Tlioy 
fourw, nfler the fanions oniluciu-e of lioiicoii HI 
U'gin-t with Daniel Welmter. Hi>l)t>rt E. Liv, Adi 
Hu.sM-ll I^owell, and Phillips Brooks. With llie ex 
Bdwunl Kvereft Hale, jini.. who writes niMin Low< 
are but little known in England : but, taken all ru 
piiKlueiil well-pro|Mirtioni«l and workmanlike I 
e«int«iniiig in largo, clear typi> little more niattei 
daily ni-wspaper would devote to an obituary not 
flrst-mte iiM|>ortance. Each volume has a brief eh 
UM'ful liihliography. Tlu~«> tasteful and w»'ll-|, 
volnmi-s ought certaiiily to obtain their aieeil of '. 
in the riiiteil States. 
Tare Rapplat*. 

The review of n (took Hhoidil not become a boc 
WD wiab Lonl I<OM-lM>ry luul recast aud pt>rliapa 
study of .Siu UoiiKUT Pkkl (C'nH»<-ll, 2m. (>I.). wbiofa 
eontriluiteil to the Anylo-Stirtm Hxttexc as a ii-view 
Pnpers." But it is a study ol great nliility, ami < 
' from the fact tlutt il is \vritt<'n by an ex-P 
"•. not olijivl todis4MU>siug<|uite rn<e|y with 
position of tbe Prime Minister, wlwtlivr in tliv d« 
Peel, or of biniHclf. 

Mr. Hogben in a new edition of his ntonogra| 



January (',, nxM).] 



LITERATURE. 



lotlilcr nii<l Htaagh- 

-i.iii ii.i-i-t UaiiI Wko 



>t<> »ll 

it km araii 
puWIu l(v 



other BlOKi-Mphlaa. 

Of UruM M 

1 ,Miitlii-«.n .. 

liHik till ItrtlW • 

|Ki-ri.rmril a (• 

Ulltl>l>i"-r.ipln Mr. .\luihi-i< 

mill i.-i .iiiii»'tiiii»-'» iii4-liii«fl tt» jiu 

» lunii with iiiuiiv frli'iiilii, itiut uu iluulit lui i 

liin iiK'iiioifH Hill Ih- (iiiimiI iiiiii<ii|; then. 

At II tiipplitnviil to t)i<- l<iri> ari<l l.<-rt>>p% <if BklMtp M»plt, of 

l.nfcn Nva^s, hi-t sintiT, Mi»» Klli-ii Mni>li<n, uom »!»•-» im a 
> lou frun th<< •huHMALM AMI l>l|-KU* iir ('mai'!«> 
iiiiiiis, tin. M.). 'rtiorii it much in thvMi tJuil M in 
.mil Hu uuulil (IruH |Mirt>«iilAr iittfiitiuii U> n iM|it<r " «>ii llii< 
MfthiKl of KVU11H1I1/.1HK L'liL'iilturtxl lUi-vti. " It waa Out Uiahoii'ii 
o|iiiiioii that " thi' Kuro|iuaii iiiiNiionury mtiiit b«M.tiiiM an African 
to will Arricaiit " ; iliat lu> " .should iMlofa ih« iiativv iirvaN," 
which is, w« Uuliuvf. « v.n ' ' -.lunii* ; aiitl titat hx 

"mIiouUI ««t hix liHnliii niii 1 oonaiata, «ro l>vti«<vv, 

111 pliiii;,'iiitf >oiirtiiiKfis 11,1 ., ,, i,> ,,,,. si ol » " lit-bil." \V«> 

sliuuUl li«vu siijipo^iil tluii I ,. |.r<iiiil liiintii race woulil liav« 
c\|><itfil u misNioimrv >i> iiil.ij.i.iMu i«> a<:tti|il lh«>rT r«li|poti 
iihstfiid (if attcmiitiux' I" iiiiiKisu his oun rtfliKioii ii|Mm them ; 
Uiit wt> art', of coiirsf, far from wishini; to pit ottr ihcoriM 
iiKi«iii-.f ihii liinhop's c\|M>rit<nct-. Hii mt-lhcMls. afttT all, ars thOM 
of the i-iirly Kumaii Catholic mixnioiiarit-H ami of the Sahnation 
Army ol to-<lay. 

K.iTK FiKLU : A RmottH, by Lilian Whiting (SanipNoii Low, 
8s. 6(1.), is uiiothi-r oxaiiiplc of tlitm- niiiuoroii<t liini^niphics of 
which the It'iigth is out of all proportion to tlio iiitcn'st iiispin<«i 
liy tln> p«i-soiH whopo- livc^ th<>y rwortl. MImm Fi«>l<l wa*, no 
<h>iilit, 11 wiiinaii of siiiv'iilar ability, and of gn-at, though iicat- 
torisl, energies. Sho wroto for tht- n)>vrs|Hip<>rs, sho eait«d k 
ii«-\vs|Htpor, kIio \vrolt> pUys, >ilu> actol, she took up cmmm, alw 
Icrtui-cil, anil she dimsl out. She doubth'ss iiiipr<>M.st-d tlie pi.-opl<> 
who knew lu>r as a person of Htron^ and interesting iudiviiliiality. 
Yet one feoLs that (WO pa;<(>s of life and h-tters is more than her 
(•use requires. The only anoi-tlote that sti'iiB* worth quoting is 
the one that runs as followit : — 

It is ro|iort«sI of Mrs. Rtown that hartnf; denirH to know 
Diokeiis, he (jave n larj;»> diniipr party fop her. anil m-oivrsl hep 
noisptanw. Later tho Din-hem of Siitlierland lU-xirMl hor 
coiupnny and Nfrs. Sfowe wfTit to her, leaving; I>iekens ont and 
sending' no nixilo^iy. She nille*! upon him afteriMmls and he 
refiiM'd to rtceiv»> her. 

Tho IxKik will prolittlily appeal only to a very limited pul>lio. 



TOPOGRAPHY. 



Yopkahlp*. 

In HiunwATs iNt) Btmt.vys nt Yorksiiiue (Macmillan, 6«.) 
Mr. Arthur H. Norway has given u.s another of Uie avrius of 
^doritiutl guide-biM>ks which hu couinu-r.cwl two JMU* ago witk 
Dvvon and Cornwall. With their loatefnl himliiif;, elagMit 
printin}.', and chuiminp illustration*, the«« roliunes are outwudljr 
exceediiii-ly ntrrncTive, while Mr. Norway hinmolf write* wt* 
i>len.«nntly that they art> a.s good com|<nnr by tho Hreiiide aa when 
);taiic«d at on the nimt. Anything in the nature of a complete 
itinerary of our greatest county waa not to be expected ; the 
l>ook is rather a gos-siping account of a bicycle tour which 
includetl moat, though by no means all, of the (p<ita tho touriat 
wislies to see. Such towns as Hull, Bnulfonl, an<t Leeds are 
visited for n'a.«ons in which the pictunv«ipie hi>lds no plaoe. Mr. 
Norway conveys x-ery aptly a vivid imprpiution of tho mntantic 
and Ugendarj- clirnns of luial Yorkshire without any attempt at 
tino writing, and with a gracious humour which is never ovei^ 
(lone. He is esi>ecially enthusiastic about York, which i» visited 
far le.«s than it des'erves— not merely for the majesty of its 



TkMMMi'* ifliMratfnns : Wr. ^Miwfl's «• ilb aol H 
well The ir4i»« iMivee nrf m—ti tn be ilaahrML 

.Mr. HalMaell .•<. -ommmirtik 

hU liiral roliNir In t^- (Jma |m»» soaa 

.truck by tlie .1. ,1 nilaNr to hi* O. 

"lie is tba-n-fon- 1 thmt In Bt M»>« 

(I'liwhi, lis.) ho IM* irtveii u« a TiM^kakltw li>«ill 
therr U no utory to ili»tra<H our attimtlcm fnaa tlw lu 
Ttu* de<H-rlp(lnii U ailnilrahly ilun« ; IIm' liM<jrir«| r«a 
are wnll wlevtnl, and |>rtwut«<<l without punprMlty m 
In tho ffmt rh«ti(rr we am Intniiluml t<> Ha«ortk 
wioh for no iiMin< nynilMthiHir kuIiIiv Tktt cicrmaifHMil 
liniiiti! rritieism are never dr«K|(nU In by tlM' bMHl aiNl 
but Csll naturally Into thrlr plaras. Kor Aaa otM> m 
Vorkabireman to reaJ wltk kwn ImIws iI tlm rfaa 
Ski|Hon, wttk iU rmillcrtioMadlw AflMrf*. tlM> <' 
imil the -tt. Amid a iMttltmio mt gtai thlB«s tb 
Clifnrfl. the }4aihir Karl, is paKlrabirly ipni. Tba | 
wbirh Mr. i»at«-liln mum bim up MMy br qm4m4 am u 
trrml of tb(* author'a tba«||kt : — 

H* apMit Ma mamry. bh bMltb, ib# timM I 
MM w«M giviav to luury. in >barii>K tbr bant 
pnorMt Milkirs: be ft>iwbt tb<> S^mnimM. bmI b 
Spauianl. aail dentroynl tii» tipaaiarU's aW|fei aMi tn 
tiim- when RiiKlniul eriisl out (or •■• '• '- ' ' 
of the M^ was in M« blood, ami  

migirt, imlr«l, hare he^n a Bi.«^ . ; ;_i.„;. ._ 

hwblonml on otbt^ Ham— bat laiilaMl. I« tb« i 
.Vrmatia, wan not Mivetl liy roialal iMabMHla. 
Tbia b the best b.mk that Mr. Halliwvil SotcIMp Iwb y 
Nopthumbaptand. 

The Hi.HioKv or NoBTHri(BUiui.<(D, which b Mn 
under tie direction of tb* I^ical Cuuiity Hittuty ( 
has DOW reached iU fifth volun* (Amlrew Reid 
Newcaatle-nn-Tyue). In this well-vrittan. adm 
ranged, and carefully editotl inttalment Mr. Jokti 
H.Mlgaon, F.S.A., deals with tha pariahaa of Warfc 
Shilbottio, and the Chapelrj' of RrsiiuhauKh : bnt tka 
and distincti' n of Warkworth Castle naturally call 
more extensiTe traatmant than either of tha oUmt 
matter* topaf^raphical it is caaiar to be paimtakhif 
readable ; but Mr. Ho«lgaon has not allowed the w< 
material to hiile tlia fascinatiim of his subject, and wa 
read at> minute and at tha same time so attractive a n 
the fort imea of a famous liaronial strungiMiJd. Et"- 
tlio moat exacting antiqimry can desire is thera. "- 
troublesome ami myittrioua subject of nmsoa's mi 
especially grateful for seretal page* of facaimiica of 
existing at Warkworth. In this, as in oOter fatts of t 
tho I>iikc of Northuml-etlaail's muniment looni has b 
U|M>n freely, and has yielded much naw matanal. 
contains many authenticated psiliniaaa, tonatha* witt 
liata of iarm-taratnta, which are most nsiful gnan 
material, and sciema is propitiated by a chapter oa tha 
tha district anil a chart of it* strata. This History, 
ft modal for all such andertakings. lutcicstii^ 
thoroughly authoritative, crammed with w«U-«i(twl 
evidences, lieautilully printail, carefully illnstr 
Ikamlsomely bound, it is a work of which everylo^Ji 
may be pcoud, and for which not Nortkomlriana atooa 
to ba gxmtaful. 

•Mm. 



14 



LITER ATI' RE. 



[Junuar 



*xMto for tk* l^Uboiy of almuKt tmy pMiiJi iu Eui;UihI thin 
voloM will b* a rrrvUtkiii. It coaUiaa lii>ti of •ncloaum awanlo, 
of tiM 4iim *kMi oMfintrktiM qoattiad, of th* appoinUiiunU »f 
I to Mt «• WMtotm, wlMHlan of dMiU vnrolleil l«(or» 
,« ■•« of iafannatiou «lout hi^hwrny* •(••! titru- 
pito*, •faatraebi of " P»piiA il«fd«," umI a crmt variatj of oUiar 
««ttar. As  anhmfcir Um hook U t«7 w*1I <I«iio iihIomI ; but 
«• eoaU k««* wiahad tbat Mr. Cos eouM bav* hmii hiw way to 
ImIk tW ««■• of avarT pMaon and placa matitioiiwl in it. Tha 
partial charaetar of th<> iiiflirOH will make tb« csbauHtinn of tha 
Toluaw by t h o«a inquiriug iutu tha hintury of a |«rticular family 
or piaea a <lt«tiitctfy laafihy praeaM. 

Tbo lata of Maa. 

Mr. luiwmnl Callow'* Pbom Kixa Oaav to Qranc Vu-roaiA : 
A Short a««l Conciia Histor>- of the Isia of Mail (Klliot Stock) 
ia not a vary well-writtan Itook, but it is rvinarkahly intvreat- 
iiiK. Ofry waa tha lirat Kint; <>f Man who ilid anything; worth 
raaMaboctef. Ha diad in tha middla of tha tanth oantury, having; 
fcw jb d tha Hooaa d Kaya and aatablishad a rodimeiitar.v form 
of Cooatltutional po\-«mment. Mr. Callow riairos, in(U>e<], tiiat 
tha laparial Parliament i« little more that a lomplicateil veraion 
of KiagUrry'a Houaa of Key*, juat aa, we lieliwe, thu Channel 
lalanda claim to bare annaxed En);land by virtue of William tho 
Nuraan'a cooqaeat. The annals of the little iale which is now the 
apart of the cheap tripper to a greater extent, perhaps, than any 
olfcar apot within the four aaaa are so fnll of battle, munler, ami 
■oddMi daath that it is manellous they should have Iteen used 
ia Setian to so comparatively »mall an extent. It certainly is a 
hil^fy axcitini; story which Mr. Callow has to tell, and the 
o d daa t thin^ al>out it all is that subjects of the English Crown 
•hould have been alloweal to call themselves Kin^s of Man. The 
paat laronial hnure of Stanley bacama Kings of Man in 14W, 
and a cantury later Thomas, the second Earl of Derby, reeigned 
tha title in favour of " LonI of Man " for divers ^immI considcra- 
tiona which he set forth in excellent English an<I with great 
claaraaM. He thought it hettar t<> he a great noble than a iietty 
Xottarch ; it waa not consistent with the ragal <lignity that its 
holdw ahoald ba tha subject of anotlier State ; and- perha(>s 
thia waa tha moring reason- he was not altogether sure that the 
Kiagi of Bi^lan<l would continue t4> like it. The Stanley nile 
laatad longer thai any dynasty that hss reigned in England since 
ilia Caoqnaat. Mr. Callow givaa a capital account of the laws 
and OMgaa of Mona, and davotaa a g<Mid deal of space to a descrip- 
tion of its ancient gloriaa as a smuggler's paradise. Tlie Bishops 
(waa it nut Sidney Smith who spoke with pitying contempt of 
" Bran Sudor and Man ? ") sit in the House of Lords, hut 
cannoi rota— probably Iwcanaa until the seigneurial rights were 
bon^rtby tba Crown thay wara appointed by ihu Rrj- Iii*uI<t. 
But, tadead, the whole volume is so full of curioritios that it 
■aka* aseallent raa<ting, despite it* defects of literary form. 

•aoUand'B Rulnad Abbayau 

Tha rnnlfaiaaliral an-hitt-cturp of Scotland ha« hm-n ho much 
mvtaetad aa eonpaml with that of EnKland tluit StxrrLAxn'K 
R< i^an AasKTs, by Howani Croihy Butl<>r, A.M. (Marmillnii, 
I'i^. n.\, is likc-ly to Im> UM^ful to tourint* who tako an intclligi-nt 
inta<rp*t in what th<-y ow. Mr. Butli^ it an Amorican, ami was 
fiaiMMrly lectarcr »n arcfaitoctura at Princeton : hiH work in, 
ihawfimo, tka aMre laudable-. Hi* modntt aim was to give a 
; of the style and character 'if Mime thirty <>r the 
■bbajrat with tht- addition of juHt enough of their 
liialmj toaoaplate the prartioai intetest of the vnlunM' ; bihI Im^ 
•dairalil)'. He pointa out vitt iiM-fiilly that in 



ANNUALS. 



r>On'H PEKRAaK. BaKO.NKTAuK, KM(1IITA()R 

Low, lUa. tMl,), covers more ground than inn 

Iwaraftaa, including even missionary l>ii>Ii 
lonottr. It is *!•>■ tlie onlv paarage whir 
ptttad quaation of tlie BolingbroKo succmsinn : 
daosaaad Viscount's solicitor offering iiwjieciion 
oatea of birth and marriage being given mi 
" occurrences during |irinting." 

Whitakui's Pkkkaub (2s. 8d.)- -which uk 
" Whitaker's Titl(v<l Persons "— may bu dt-acriL 
man's iKH>ragu. It certainly is thu rlioa|>est, ai 
iiiarvelltius amount of information for the money 

Hairll'h Axm'ai. (HsKell, Wntoon, 
maintniiu its claim to lie acoeptwl as " u < ; 
mpn and topics of the day." It is |Mrticiinii 
 ummHric'S of Bluo-books and AVliit4- Puihth, 
aliuoKt all thi- dccpatchos lately cxcliHnged iN'twi 
British (toveriiinentii, and adniiralily numiiiitriKii 
the Koyal ConiiiiisMons on tlu* l.icvniiing l^ws i 
tion. To all |ioliticiaiis (whether amateur 
" Hatell " will be invaluable. 

A tiftronth e<lition of Mcn ami Wome 
(Routlotlge, l&s. n. ) has lM>en puliliiih<-<l. Jt a 
t>> critici»< a work which, whutcvor its sliortc 
I'vcntJi. constantly viTy UM-ful to us ; and, iiul<< 
to criticizo it i-tfi>ctiv<-ly without knowing ulu- 
or <>clecticiBm is th<- i^litor's ideal. If the ilite 
c<>m;)n>hensive as ivissilile, then sins of oniisfiioii 
lieon o»mmitt<xl. Captain Ih-eyfus, -M. Ca 
Willette, Mr. .lames Oreeiiwood.aiul Mr. HolM-ri 
those who may fiiirly complain that the tower of 
leans U-cauiie of their exclusion. They are 
inter«>sting and important than noma of tlioro t< 
has Uvn gmiiteil. On tlu- other haiul, then' 
jn-ople — actors bimI actresnes of the f<>ci'iiil < 
example — for whost- inclunion it might Im< liard 
reason. On occasions, t<M>, the editor's n-uf 
seems to have failed him : we a>rtaiiily di 
principle on which Mr. Ciin rge Manvillt- Feiiii 
space assigiietl to Mr. Kudyard Kipliii;.'. 1 
liiograpliy, mon-over, then- is too muoli critici 
solid fact ; sonii- information alxiut the eiirly 
have lH>eii welcome in the place of jiredictlons 
posterity will take of Mr. Kipling'H place u|mi 
of fame. Yet, when all this is aaid, " Men ai 
Time " remains one uf the most useful li<M>ks ii 
library. 

Tho Almanai'R Hac'Hctte hohls in Franoa 
" Wliitaker's Almanack " holds in England. 
Whitaker in lieiiig profusely illuHtrate4l : it 
taking all kiiowletlge for its province, tha 
many subjects iesa thoroughly than does its 
It tells us how to c<H)k our dinners, how to fn 
how to invest our navings, and how to insure our I 
our risk of lieing liurieil alive. As is usual in 
the kind a g<iiMl many of the articles — those on 
and fee<liiig lialiies, f<ir example — are mer 
ail vert isemonts in disgnlse. We might have lieen 
if we lia<l lieen sent the " edition couiplit'' 
"Edition simple." 

Ther«> are si-iferal new art'cles in the Km.t.i~ 
Boox(Black, '.'s. lid. n.): articles on "Htoiy Writiii 
Htuart ; on " Temperance Woi-k," by .Mrs. .\. W 
" PhoUigraphy," and on " I>resi>making." by 
There is also a list of the chief iMiokn written by 
the past twelve months, compiled by Mrx. Miillil 
JoiM-s : but this contains niiktnken in the iiiHtt4 
I). K. Meldrum, and Mr. C. Kinloch C<H.ko In 
female writers. Thi« " Englishwonmii'ii Ymr I 
le«s t<-lls Eiiglisliwrinien moxt of the things t 
aa to the oiiportunities orM'ii t>> them f<r i' 



Jaiuiury 6, 1900.] 



LITEKATl RE. 



A PATRIOT. 

1 know ltii> mnii : elutiini ho will hide : 

No iHitriiit of (hu HnlU, no IjrMggiirt h« 

That liftN the fnuilo shout nl viutory. 
Kill her -(like ona thnt Invm, wherr he <lolh chula, 
ApplnndinK loimt, wlinra nio«t h« M<t« his pride)— 

Hi* piirilaii iMiMiiiii ovor iminfully 

Will ciiiiviiii liliitnu, iiikI lot thu pm!««« l>«. 
And show tho (hndow on the sunnyBidt). 

niit—Ai a liKlit in «<inibre Innteni shrineil, 

Thnt in llm niMnilido fiiiiitly );liinin<*ruth, 
Shinu* through the oininoii* ^limm when li<ni|>e«t<t low'; 
Even lo, at need, thnt aullen loul you'll find 

Slmdfniit, indoniitnlile, nlill nii denth — 

A luitriot nioKt in Kritnin'a dnrkeat hour. 

H. C. F. 



lpcv6onal Uicws. 

 

TIIK COMINTt ok THK PKKA( IIKK. 

Tourguenett', in the hint letter he wrote to ToUtoi, 
made pathetic entreaty that his friend would "come back 
to litemture." We know what he meant by that ; not " The 
Kreutzcr Sonata," nor " Hesurrection," but some work of 
art worthy to succeeil thoBe of the master's prime. The 
ai)i)eftl was too late. Tolstoi's philosophy hail Income 
I'eligion ; the man of letters was subdued by the prophet ; 
and when, years after, he set himself the question, " What 
is Art?" the answer not only condemne<l his own works of 
imagination, but declared the impossibility, in such a day 
as ours, of any true art at all. The influence of Tolstoi 
has been great, tiionij;h vague; it aft'ects the better thought 
of oin- time, and is helping to shajw that of the future. 
From one point of view, no man living can so justly \ie 
called representative. His career displays in an individual 
the progressive chnnuteristics of an efioch. If one thing 
can be said with certainty of a time so rife in contradic- 
tions it is that, whilst the hojje of Art steadily declines, 
the craving for spiritual direction is more and more 
declared. We are familiar with the complaint that litera- 
ture is nowadays but mediocrity, however good as such. 
When, it is asked, will arise the new master in fiction, 
drama, poetry ? When will art once more be illumined by 
genius? Not yet awhile, we may be sure. The intellect 
of mankind is too uneasy ; life is too anarchic. There will 
appear no great imaginative craftsman until the soul of 
the world has in some degree l)een set at rest. Not the 
Artist have we now to look for, but the Preacher. 

Literature (in the special sense) is everywhere 
aflfected by a restless j)reoccui)ation with things alien to 
its sohere — for the moment, nowhere so markedlv as in 



caotly entitled •• Ije Koman d* rEa«rgi« Nat 
troth aoaroe novrU at all, bat moraliiMl atuil 
Kreoeh hiatory. Th«-»«- ty|Hcal wr'''—- > :i\« 
thing which intereat* lliem more t iry 

thing which tufi'tuA to them iltx-Hjedly >i< ' 
than dehatn a* to the methoiia and tho •|ii.< ;' 
with M. Copiaf, who publialie* a littio j: 
recounting his riinver*ion to the old (kith, an 
finds hiinxelf hnrnngtiing Nationaliat me«-'>- 
with .M. .lulea l>>mKitre, who oomM tott\i 
to ]>at hia critical intellect at the Mtviov 
deems {latriotiam. From art, from le(t»^ 
have turned t4> preaching. Iit«rataiv in 
satiafiea them. They ai-rk to communicate, 
vigour they can uae, a social or |iolitical creed 
spiritoal conviction. 

To • certain extent, undoubtedly, thi« n 
France is indebt4>d to Knglith influence ; uput 
will assuredly react. Our Hction ha* alwaya b 
leM a vehicle of moral teaching ; but the ma 
writing in England is now ao largelj a branch < 
not long ago tunie<| against atoriee *' with a 
there came a revival of romance, aide bjr ode 
and very popular school of blood-and-tbnnder. ^ 
unrest has not ceaseti to make use of the novel 
neo-barbarism which seeks an outlet in atory-t 
be regarded as a protect ogainat '* were " iit«B 
effort to teach some primitive thfory of haoM 
obligations. Writers who are prompted to ' 
thing " have recourse to the novel becaose it 
l)e8t hope of obtaining a wide audience. Kvr 
revolutionist such as William Morria could tine 
no better way of presenting his soi'ial ideals thi 
to resuscitate an old form of romantic narrativei 
of fiction which is not art, which less and leei « 
itself art, having what is meant for a higher in! 
again flow. Its common ohanctt-riatic is a 
novelist's prime virtue, the ability to ere. 
convincing personalities. In theanr-"— "'ni... 
tative novel we are not conceme<l r<or 

tyites. This is oliser>able in the fiction of ail oo 
less in work which retains some literary savm 
that which, beneath its diagoiae, is mere |M>lpit 
inej)titude. It serves a purjKwe in prp|Mring 
another kind of writing, which will at once b 
value and be a resitonse to urgent spiritual need. 
order of mind found its prophet in the late ll< 
mond, whose writings, old matter in new ph 
so vast a public. The rece]^ion of a book nich 
linck's " Tn'-sor des Humbles " bjr readers of i 
different cla.«s is in the same way aignificant. 

lite true interest of tlie time ia ethical, or 



le 



LITKRATrRK. 



[January 



no otlicr. A day may oome vhen all thia knovlrdj^ will 
b» tnanaabrd into Kiiiritml gain ; to that end, we look 
far the Bvw ]wver in literature, which ithall »utn and 
iBtawifv and direct the titriving of a transitional age. Our 
gnat pTMchert of the mid-century Mem very fiu- behintl 
n; thej vere. in fact, retroiipective. (^rlyle, puritan 
dbdpl* of Gennan |»hiIoM>phy, vrathfully ignored the 
madtn vorld; Ituskiu, puritan vonthipiter of beauty, 
R«ogniard the force» amid which he lived only to 
daapJMi them and to des{iair. Their voice* are not ailent ; 
they (peak under the aenaeless turmoil, and truths to 
which they liave gi\'«a noUect utterance will ivus into the 
taaehing of him we wait for. The academic irony of 
Ibtthev Arnold addrexsed itself to a smaller circle, but 
hit mcMage will not be forgotten when men once more 
hare leiaore for thinf^ of the mind. Culture, he well saw, 
waa growinf^ all hut impo<i«iihle beyond the guarded clones 
of • fortunate fern- ; vK culture, aa Arnold understood it, 
moat nvedi enter into the new civilisation. One leader 
of wience, who occa>ionRlly called himoelf a lay preacher. 
had, thanks to hi!< philooophical studies, a clearer vision 
of ■■■'■ life than that enjoyed by mo«t of hig fellow 
worker*; Huxley's grasp of philosophic idealism might 
bare been a fore« lor good had he but seen that tliix 
fandamental perception was in every sense more valuable, 
of aiara importance to the world at large, titan the most 
cMMeieatkws study of plienoniena. No otherwise, indeed, 

men be mbttrdened of a materialism growing erer 
sonhd as its power extends than by coming to under- 
•taiMl that all "science" has for its ultimate discovery the 
fatiKty,tiie meaninglessness, of a materialistic view of life. 
Carlyle bagaa with this text ; ha<l he more clos«'ly mlhered 
to tt^hia iuilMUce would to-<iay be more observable. .Man 
gOM a far way round to attain his ends. When at length 
tben^ shall come the inevitable reaction against tvmnnic 
worldliBMs, it will be seen that the modern mind has, 
witk infinite labour, merely succeeded in re>^stahlisliing a 
troth age* ago known and acted npiMi. 

Mr. I>ecky — he, too, addressing his scholarly mind to 
questions above K-holanhi|i — has given us a " Map of 
Ijfr." It is a Iviw of Life that men are seeking. They 
will seek kmg before they arrive at a new synthesis of 
intelleetnal and moral convictions with authority etpial to 
that of the by-gone Crtfd. But «e may not have long to 
wait for a clear voice amid our tumult which shall 
teboke the madiiing world, and recall its thought to 
things essential. The new preacher, like him of old, will 
begin by crying "Mmity !" oKOBGE GlS.SIX(i. 



"Hotes. 



Th« naw PwnrA, wklok has juM reaahed i 
dsscribsd as an oM (Hand with a naw fscti, (or < 
one o( tb« (MtuTM that havs bean twiuloualy pi 
•uptrticial ansa o( tha numltera ii also to ba the a 
tlioufsh thair cubic oaiwcitjr i* inereaaod by tli 
" ilr. I'uHch'i axtra paftaa," darotad to short 
wnek's short atarjr ia hf Dr. Conan Uoyla ; aaxt a 
by Mr. Frankfart Moasw. Anothar iaaoaatioii i 
sif^iing o( oontributiona — aooMttataa by tha full 
writar, and ■omutiiuaa by such aaaily rvcogniial 
U. W. L. or F. C. I). Mr. Owen ^aamaii contribi 
■bort |«rodies, profaaaing to furnish iis with "a 
for av«ry day in tha yaar." This, copiail from 
modal, is deli|;ht(ul : — 

Tha smouldering pit with plHiiditH ntng ; 

Cophetua beamwl sbovu the tlirun^ ; 
A powUar awaaiMan aaas 

Tha Abaaot-aundad Baggar's souu 

Cophftua waffMct his kingly haail : 

" 'Tis well I " ho criwl aloiii)— nnd p« 

Then, in hin benrd, " Oiro mr," h«> saiil, 
" Tho Prt-seut-budiiMl Ua)jgar-iiianl.'' 

Wo offer our congratulations to 3fr. Puneh, tog 
compliments of the season. 

• • • 

TVi' Wild Tulip bus not long siirviv<Hl flio I 
re«'ption by thow* <Titir» who jii(lpt> plnyx upon th 
when they are pro<lui>e<l by a popular niniia^^menl 
DMike way (or a |onj{-projcct«l rt>viviil of Shf Stoo/n 
new Youug Mnrlovt- is Mr. Paul Arthur, iiii notor 
of milch energy niifl hnmoiir, nnd without n 
.\moricjin ai-ceiif. Old Rnplish comi><ly remli'MMl ii 
the New Yorker won W have a riirioiw«>(Io<-t. Miss\ 
will, of eoiirvw. be tbc MImm HarflcSHtle, and Mr 
the Sqiiin-, with Mr. ISeorgo (iiiUleiis a.i Tony T<iii 
future the Hiiymnrket also promisivt Tlif Rinih iiiu 
Sc4iinliil. Why, by th<> way, iloeit no one ever re 
Satvml Mini ? Then- is a great deaf of hin in It, 
n THHtly arniiHiitK personage. The ilrawbiiek Is 
which d<>e> not oflfer rieh opportunities, 

• • • 

A com-siwnilent WTites : "If I'mtln mi-l Fnu 
put upon thu staK)-. it is an inten«tinK questi 
the piny bi- cnMt ? Mr. Ati'Xiiiider, it is iii 
|>liiy (liovaiini, iiiid hIioiiUI ninke n jjood Mtiidy < 
iHiHbniMi full of 11 (fairs of State, with no hohl u| 
wife'H heart. But who iit to b<> tho Paolo and who 1 
Mr. Korb<>?<-HolM-rtsoii mmmuh to us to b<> the id 
(thoii;;li the colliiKiititioii of two nctor-innnnjjers 
obvious difficult ii's). Mis-* I.«>nii A^hwell for the otiii 
Itoliertsoii.lt istriie.waK hot at hishent In Itonieo.hiit 
inerebtiy. Kormibility of be:iriiif;iuid in<-xpre->Hion n 
UN sxTuy Piiolo Mr. Korlies-Kol eriMin is without an 
Milts Ashwcll luiH no riviil iimoiiK tin* younger r 
hour in parts tluil demjind power nnd pnsNion. 
>ret a ehanec of displaying her llin«sf iiunlitl«»H- 
Orierton't H'tnj- she makes nn Irresistible nlipr 
heart and to the hea<1. Will Mr. AlexiiiMler ( 
limits of his owni eompniiy in ensling the play ? I 
to Is- lioissi that III" will. Wi> hnve few players fl 
(lmm». TliiwM- few we linve wi- ought to mil iiism 

• • • 

It is diWrult to M|i««k of a l>lav like Miu H<,hl 



^ 



January 6, lOoO.] 



IJTERATURE. 



\v<i ar« iiiclliHtil t« tbiiik that Xrir Lumf Jtt Old kad wnm 
It'ooiilHir lino Farm W(>ra • k<><mI iIcoI lifttor fHMB ftU |Miliit* of 
viow. Mr. Jurt>nu\ by Iht) way, •lioiilil iM«vor UMha hia youiiK 
woiiwii pri'txiiil tn bi> Ikiiim-iiuiIiU. Tlu'y aro too BuoU Ukm tMm 

rvttl lUUiii wlu'u tlw<y arf< it<>t maiM|ut)rtulljiK* 

• • • • 

ri'-,l.ul>ly i\» fpitlM-t wai t'vor lM<ltt>r- iiiorittil (wtilM % 
< ont'i<|>i>i»luiit) tlinii tliul which tli-acrlUxl th« htto Mr. Qiutrlttli 
II* thu " NuiioliHiii ii( IttHikiM'Ik-ri." \Vhi'iiuvi<r b« iluti-r- 
iiiiiunl t>> huvtt » vi>luiii«, o»lii|N-tlttou *i>Uliiiii tUiturnxl hliii 
from KiiiiiliHf hii (il>j«'Ol, luitl m • rfMitt <>( thU it U mUi 
to My timt Uv «<u-rt«<<l n Krtittvr liiAiu'iiou tliau niiy oiui 
iiukii who vvvr livval ill ralaiiiK tlu) prl()«-a ■>{ Uiuka. His 
iitU'iMlnitco al r«<cviit Milt-a waa very iliU-riuittuiit, biit It WM in 
the nnotioii riMim timt tbo pcoiiliar <|imliti<'a iiullimtt<tl by tbi' 
iiImivv tltlt' wt'ro iiu>at iiun-kv<1, niul iit aiii-h hiaturlo milo* na ikuta 
• •( tht< Siiiulfi-lniiil uiiil Syaloii Parle iiml Hniiiiltoii Litmirii^a Mr. 
<,>>i:ir'itoh una itvii lit hia tM-at. Tlir nKKr<>|{ut« total for lh« 
liaiioUoii Httio una i'8<>,UIIU ; of thla iiioro tluiii oiio-hulf wna 
<liliit<tl to Mr. Qiiaritch, whilo u( tlio i'M.UUO rtiillxitl at thi< 
Suiiili'rliiiKl aul<> h<> una uco>iiutnbli< for ovor £Xi,00». Mr. 
Qiuiritcli iilwuya cviiictnl the kiviicat ilvllKht in the oiitt-ata (or 
thu tfrt'ut ruritioa of tho book worhl. C>im> iuuiilcut, which 
'>ocurrt<<l lit tho Suiitli'rUuil aalo, may Im> c|iiot«<«l. Tbtt b<Mik in 
.|Ui'atloii wiia AuKUKtiiic'a " LK' Civititt«< IK'i," thi< uuiKnillo-nt 
.li'iison folio i>( 1470 oil vt'lluiii. It wna tnki'U up to ICMO, at 
wliloh IIkiii'i' it npiM'iki-itl alxxit to pnaa to M. TicIicimt. L'p to 
thla point Mr. tjiiaritcli hwl not nia<lt> a biil, bat lu' tbfii joiiusi 
ill tbt- coiiiiN'tition, anil iiltiiualvly a< ciirtHi tli«< IxMik at i'l.UUO 
itiiiiil tbi' chtt'ia of till- oiihH>ki<ra. But thr littlu ot>iiii<<ly <liil not 
i|iilto stop thfi-o. " I'll takf thttt," itaid tho piirchuMT, aixl 
wIk'Ii it wa.s banil<><l over h<> litt-rally put tin- votuiiic into a 
l>uokt<t in biH ovvrcoat. Not many (leal(>r?< an* <><|iiip|H<<l wilb 
|iu«k(>t-4 capable uf boUliDfc loliim. Hut it wuh whvu private 
inilivitlualst, with loii|{ piirM-H, ooni|M-ttHl aiwl f(>rc«>«l bin baiwl 
that Ml'. Qiiaritoh slioweil hia ilet«nnim'<l tcmpi'r. .\ R<>u*t 
iiistanoo of this liap|K'iKtl at tbo miIo of u noblonian'M library 
at Sotlioby'!* in 18115. I'lio particular Ixiok wan tirolior's own 
w>py of the .\Ulino Oviil of 1&3S. Tbo biniliiiK was not in vory 
Kiioil coiKlitioii, anil tho lii<bliii({ (Mr. Cjiiaritoh'ii) bail roaeliMl 
KMK uhon a straiiKor joiiu<«l in tbo oontoitt. By tho timo £900 
was roacbotl tbi< lioalor bogMI to gtov rvstirr, and complaiiio<l 
sharply that the amouiU rc«elM«l woh " t<H> much." It iiii- 
doiibtully was *' too much," but oiu< biiblor In tbo n>om 
want«<l tho book whilo tbo otbor bbblor obstinatvly rvfiiatMl to 
let it K", ami tbo result wan that it was knockwl «lowu to Mr. 
*^uaritcb-but hi< bad to |>ay £Vi!> fur il. 

« • • • 

Sir .Tamoa Balfour Paul, Lyon King of Arras, odo of tho now 
knights, ia a wvll-knoivn liiithority on heraldry niul antiquarian 
.siilijoi'tii, and is tho aiitlior of " An ()r«liiiary of Scottiah Anus," 
a hiatoi-y of tho Uoyat Comiiany of Scottiith Archeia, and a 
haiidliook to the F.diiibiir)ih Parliumont House. No waa editor 
of tho Joiiritiil of Juii^jiftiiUiice for twi-lvc years. 

  • • 

Mr. William Forsyth, who died tho other day at tho graat 
»go of 87, hud to a groat extent outlivinl his fame. Vet he bad 
achieved a roal di^tinrtioIl in many ditferknt branchea of 
literature. Ho bosan his literary career by writing on legal 
subjects. His first book, '"On tlie Law of Comixjaition with 
Cn'ditors," apptaro<l as lonj; ago as 1»U1. It waa followed by 
•' Tho Law Relatin;; to tho Custody of Infant*," ami other Inrnks 
of iiu analogous dosoriiitioii. Ijatcr. ccnoral litcrnturo clnimcil 



tlvttjr of HapolMB •! ti. Heleai. fr«ni Ik* I 

Jouruala of HIr HimUod L-w." In tMMum 
bia booka Mr. Forayth livad as active Ilie •• • 
barrlaUr. a publi« oAdal, aad • wmmtat of I 
He waa a Caabri<lce man Uikri tlhmie, m« 
(>|itline, Ctian««nor'a MmUIIM. antl Fellow • 
Mr. B. F. C. CwtHkip. «b» «ll«l a (•>rlal«kl ifD 

knnwn oa a rtuwUlMlt K<i«M« ('Blbt'llr •• «r|| a« • I* 

M iiro or Lowloa. tkmm liaw larbNW Ml 

I votiimo of 497 pa0r*< Irlllnff " Tti^ fKMfr 
t'aiholio MoiiM-^ ' Tbv book will bo ; 
.HitiidK ami Co., ami will b« lllmi 
rfoontlydioti at HaatliiK* at an Bdvaiw^l agr, «nn lk« 
abtiut a biiiidntl Uioka, Kbo «b% a wrll-knowii lilrra 
lb« oarly nrilo*. Mow>r». lAartmi ami tUrvfj, wWi 
for ber, wt'ro IIh* nrm miw *lyl«il Maaar*. Uanlnrr, I 
Co. OiMf of .MrK. Ijimlhloy't tnumt (lofmlar bnika wi 
" Cbickwitxl WitbiMii Cblck»i-«L" Hrr U*i frnkK 
u-n* n *inall volume of vrrM' priiilnl ab<riit tbrr* yt 
]■■ 'uUtiou. ThMlflt alKtcaiwuf a Qwtkar b 

I. .s a iiuinbtw of tb« RoOMn CatliDlle Clwfvk 

• • e e 

MM. Kui(^uu Morauil ami Marr«^ SHkwobkavi 
(Charpt'niivr ot Faa«|ii«llf) tbn pn>M> tr a — to ttoa 
wbiob wsH ummI by Max-. Sarab Brrubanit la bar pr 
tbo tra^ody with bonwU in tb«< til|t<-|j«rt. It la Mmli 
oxtfUoiit piifo of workoMoakip. ami a terakm w1 
stmlioil alwityn with aJwIratkf fttv tte artlatk al 
translator!! and not solihim wUk (Mala* p Mw a a w la 
Hiiob abatviitviiti of our |M>vflMt MliabaUan wMi tt a* 
coafeaa to aro iaaoparabie fMm lU praao tors* sad ai 
by MM. MomiMl and Scbwob thwi—lvea In tbo adad 
diiotiou, full ot Sbakr.tpt<nrian Irarnlag aad acwto aaal 
tboy bavu prv&xcti to tho U>xt. Critira «« oar aUa of t 
" luive, in tiio ftrat placv." they obaerra, " decline 
tbo poasibility of traiMtlatiag Bbakcepearo at all. Tb 
the poetry diaappoars," najr Uwaa eriUca. " In proai 
tbn otitnr band, Froiiob vorso ran unvft rapraamt Ba| 
is truo ; but tlu? artist who •<x*'rut«t an mgiavlafafli 
liont not tranafvr ita colours to his plate. Ho lraai| 
into ' vmlum.' Tbua, if we may ruoiparc |iaiutiag a 
it must Im< atliuittiHl that a poaai tanwd into pn 
pioturi' roproitucod in an ougraTiag. Tba pj aat loM-t t 
of ita music, and tbo pictaro the giaaoar of ita hi' 
coui|M>niUition for tbo Iom. tbo proaa eaa pr"~"^ 
pbraae, auU tbo engraving tho rt«ar>eat ofnt 
la ioterpretatiuii. aiul, if uatura can fca laicr|wi«i. 
tho work of tho poet «r tbe palntav ofer a ■on 
roaUUiico to tho intcrptvtor f" Tba parallel b 
partlMt, oinoo beauty of line eaa ba MOf« eaally aad 
ilotaobral from that of enloar tbaa can tbe aaiglc a< 
wortla from tlM> form of lua •speMatioa. But it awj t« ai 
graiitttl that wheravar aacb detaebawwt k po adb l a tba 

lutvv soldoni failed to ac«oo4dl»h It. 

• • a • 

It i» not, however, a aierp <|iientinn of tbo Iranafi 
IKwtic ape<>cb to tho " aenao iMnb^rta." For tbi 
Shakoapcare baa a rbjrtkm of ita own wbicb b aa aMM 
ita poamr aa ita laaaie b a paK of tbe powar of bb t 
f<<el tkb, for laalanoe, only loo acateiy la tbe Freocl 
Hamlct'a tlaMOMrbapaodyC'Ibav«otbt*,batbowI I 
.Vo.) in tho Serond Act, wbeta tba aaclaaMllnaa " Wl 
of wxvk U naui ! How aobia la rtaaoa ! Bow lirfaila ta 



18 



LITERATURE. 



[Jnimar 



tke latter word «iih i)m> PartUan'- iv 

•orialrfllai ami l<<ai|Minir]r. ami that uiili a oliaiip* <>r raitliioii 
" abkintlw " will lirar il> »ri|:inal Higuiflralloii of a bittor plaiil 
" Mib a|wrk> wtrmiUlU." Y«<>, but Iho ParUiaii iitay Mifk to 
kb *' Xf9t» " ^>r manjr a ymr yt't, ami «liat aKxit the n.->MH-iu- 
lion* of iIm* «»nl in Ibr aM<aiitimc T 

• • • • 

W« mdwaUml that tli« famiMia Dickana ooUeriioii formal by 
tlMfetaMr. W. R. Huf:faM. V.L.S.. of niiiniii):)uuii. is for ilia- 
poml tm War. It conaiata of imira thnti thn-t- tluiiiaaiid itviiu, of 
mhUk Mutjrtlu** haiMln-<l arv MKof thaworka of 

Otckaas. It iitcitwfaa motv than fin^ ^ra|ihical worka, while 

lutdM- the haad of " lliaeellaiMaaa Btxika " (nuniUrin;; two 
bniMbvd aad twvntjr, and all fiist adiiiou) will be fount! Um 
u Mtga of TarioOk authnra who knew Um gnat noreliat, aiHl 
liatv Um** rvoottlail fur the firat time their rcininiacpncM-an 
MMSbbga of volume* which in ita«-lf r(>uKtituU.-a an interesting 
mmd T«laaMf> lilirar)r. It is atrancv that the two most (vli-brated 
DiekaM ooU«ctiona Kh«ul<l bi> in th«maikt-t almost nimultanfously. 
Thf other ia, of i-ourac, tliat of Mr. >Villi«ni NVn^clit, of Paris, 
whirb came to the lisnuutr Imst sinnnM-r, n-alir.inc tht; liaiidsomo 
rum of mnra than three thousaii<l punnds. Thi> librarj- of tho 
late Mr. Aaietiatln Daly, of New York, wbirh is about to he tlis- 
|««a ed bjr aoetion, contains some nniquo Dickens treasures, the 
aaoat notable beiiif; tbr tiriginal " Pickwick " clt^igns by Sey- 
moor, wkieh realibti the stupcmlouK sum of five bun<lr«<l |iounils 
•t ffatkaby'a a few yeara ago. >Ve dvlieve it was Mr. Daly's 
iadartiMi to btK]ueath tlioae ilrawinj^s to Some |>ublic institution 
in Amarica. 

« • « « 

Bomb flgurm arp civen in tho new issue of that excellent 
periodical, the Library. ohowinK the iirexont state of the libmries 
• •f Auklralia, which are of nim-h interrst to those who follow the 
literary movenifnt in Aunlralla. Victoria leaiU the war. The 
roloay ronlainn 434 librarieH, with 1,(K20,74U volumes, " or, 
mai^hlT opeaklng. one vnlump per head of the total popnlittion." 
4>f thna- bnnka no fewiT than 4fi(l,f)(NI are eontnintHl in the 
.Melbourne Pablie Library. An interesting feature is that the 
)«hlir library lands books to the m4vluinic>s' institutes in the 
cooni ts. New S<Hith WnUii is a liad seoonil. There 

are ••. ..-.uttU \olumes in the Sydney Public Library, Hiid 

only &10.UUU in all the public libraries put together. The public 
library of 8oath Australia only i-ontains 4<l,.'t^ volnnu^s, and in 
Qfrwaland there are at preaent no public libraries at nil, though 
a momneot is on foot for f>«tablishing a National Library at 
Brisbane. In Wi>atom Anxtralia there are forty-nine lil<-rary 
inatital tons, containing 20.IKin volnnx's between them ; while the 
I^rth Public Library contains Z),MW volunieH, 

• • • « 

TT» recent rreeptlon at the FVeneh Aea«1emy of M. Henri 
Lavrolan l» an event which Paris seems to look uj»>n ns ile<troy- 
Ing a pra-ei-rlent. M. I^vislan, as a writer, is not Ions dls- 
i. -'<<-tful of snrial conventions than is the nninlnnt Comt(*sse de 
M.'itel. This young dramatist, however, is resjionsiblc, not 
irM-n-ly for " aaigeiMtive " pages, but aliwi for astonishingly iHit- 
s|a>ken seenea nn the »taire. Yet he has kiKM-ke<l at the dcsirs 
<<f the Aeademy. ami they hare been opemtl to him. This niny 
'nm aereral points of view ; but no oni- will 
It ia aa attempt to preser%-e the purity of the 
f, whirh is, after all. the raimm d'Hrr at the Aea<leiny. 
No OMe haa inlrtslm*eil nHshm Parisian "rj/of into his |iieoe* 
mnre rerkb'vdy than M. LaveiUn. The Aeademy has, ]NThaps, 

Ir fU^irell Uf show thst it has e^nril . Htif fliA A%'t.iifl hns uai 



wi/uii ; much nK>re tluin a tompio in which the 
firet are setlulun-Iy kept alight. 

• • • 

Haobette's new illuslrattHl anniMl Lri^urr. 
us n chance of judging what the Fr«>nch can do 
turning out n popular inaiintine. If imitation 
Ilatt4>ni-, the e<lit irs on this side of the (^buniu'l I 
to f«>««l flattered ; while Knglish authors may 
proportion in which tlu-y have oontributtsi th< 
Many of the articles, in fact, if iint the nimol 
either translate*! or " adapted " from Knglisli 
adventnraa of Louis do Koupcniont, for exnmpi 
howerw, with intenvt tliat these adventures ' 
tslitor announced ns tnio are advertised by tho 
" increilible." Tlio '• trick article " ala • aeem 
ing itself on a a<iund basis ; we find a |m{x-r ent 
Moiitnnte du Kudget," illustrated by dingrni 
Schooling style. At the »nme time the not< 
loudly soundetl. M. Ars<-no points out that if! 
lost tho battle of W|itcrliM>, ho would have 
(iustMVo Ijiirroumut has nn arlicle on the French 
fslitorini hendiiigs to tho tune " .lainais en Fr 
ri''gncm." We think that " Le Sang dos FiU d< 
Ic sol do In ]intrie " is very fine as Rul>-«<iitoi 
On the whole, the best things in the annual 
The technical oxcullonce of the repnxluct ion of 
n uaeful object lesaon to some of our own editon 
• • • 

A volume which ransalls the chaos of publ 
Kngland under the Tuclors is tli<> black-letter 
prinltsl in IMW for the I>e|>u(ies of C. htarker, wl 
of New Oxfonl-street, includes iu liis la.s» publ 
The Stationei-s' CoM\|)any hail not long pi-evioi 
of Mary, been incor|)oralo(l, but it was not si 
corporation (o correct or prevent abuses in tli 
although it jwssevMsl tlio riglit of granting ; 
mattars ou a better footing Blizabeth. in I55t). s 
to the eS'ect that no one might print any book ' 
ever unless the same had been licensed, tlixiigh 
circumstances the Queen did not relinquish the )i 
]ntcnts irrespective of the Stationers' (.'oin|i« 
Parliament, .\bont this time Klizaberh did, in I 
Barker family a iHono|)oly for iiriiiting the BibI 
remained nndistuilied with them fur nearly oi 
But tho possessors of tho moiio|ioly K>°ew iie;;ligi 
in their business, and in lUIil they issued an e<li 
without the seventh commanilmeut, for which i 
they were fiiieil £300. 



IN DEFENCE OF SNIPPE 

One often hears it said that the taste for I 
to the fostering of which Dr. Uaniott Ims devote 
of his woll-eaniod leisure, is <piit« a mo<lern devi 
who like snippets point to tho fact aa a proof of < 
our anrest')rs, who were foolish enough to rea 
aiul liecamo " Proltably Arbonwl " through their n 
to find <|uiet and secluded pitoea for the stud; 
Thoae who think ill of snip|K-ts talk of " the tyri 
and aee in it a sign of denwienoe and the extinct 
Before considering what may l>o said for either [ 
may lie well to remeinls-r that tho fashion of i 
as the hills. The Babyloninti method of puli 



IIAIIJIIVI I 



January G, 1900.] 



UTEKAi I iii:. 



Mr. .I»m«i P»jn liol.l ao inferior to '• Pickwick," th»i rtory »t 
imr olil friond Hdiolaitikoa t>riiii;iiie a l>rick to nisrkot m  Miiiplo 
of thtt liniiHo tliat liii w'iiihwl to mII, ii n luiiiulixl vkrimit of Ow 
liiiitory of till) liiKt llaiiyloninii niithol(i;;i*t, wlio nfToriMl • kIiikIk 
tiil>lut n liturnl iiiiiiiwt un it KiM'ciinoii of tlin l»t«*t |H.|iiilar 
opic, '• Antholo;j_v " Roiinilii much p-ninlpr thmi " ■iii|>|mt»." 
yot it l« iiivtt.v cicftr tii»t »iiy lilntno «liirh »o «tt»ch to l»r 
(Snriii'tt'i priiioipli' iiiunt fnll «r|iinlly upon thn ahoulilprii of 
M«l(i»c«r, tli<- ('tiilnri'iiK ;;Brlnii<l-Hoiiv«r. nliil \\\» micrMiiiors down 
to Cuplialnii mill .Mitxiiiiiia I'lniitiiloii. tin- iiionkinh iititliolo;;i>t of 
tlid Wtwt, on thi' priuciplii that Imlf it l»nf ii iM'tu-r than 
no linad ; it in lM<ttor to retui tho iioni:" wu hnvo than «i|{h for 
nthcru that we know not of. Tho f<i);lit(H<nth oi>ntiify had it* 
wider preceiWnt for Ih-. (inmott in tlii< Kle;;ant Rxtrai't*. a 
roljiiotion known to all of im liy namo, luit now chiefly to •)• a«>n 
ill HOttttcrwl volniiiod that liaiint tht' foiirjt'nny I'OX nhtil umru '. 
Ill tlie iiirly Nictoriiin «rn Clinrlrii KniK'it ronovntcd the principle 
with lii* " finlf-houia with tho Hcst A lit horn ;" Hoi ert 
<'lmmlM>rn, Hiiiry Morloy, iind I'rofonior Arl>cr all triml tlieir 
linndii with )>oi<iiIhi' •luveiia on thi< luinie liiii>«. It ii pretty clisr, 
than, tlint tlio tnNt.< for liti-rary iinip|<i>t« hna l>t-en |ieraiit<'nt in 
th« human l>roast. IVrbaiM it will not )m> a waato of time t<> 
Iflanoo nt hoiiio of tho ar^nxnenta whiidi may he urseil on their 
iMtlmlf , mill w hirh w(>n> probnlily not nnknowii t" Meleajjer when lie 
dwolt nmon); tho Nwinu-herilM of (Sailnni. 

Tho a(lvoi'iiii<<« of nnipiMiia inalut upon tho ilolii;'e nf hooka 
which in rHpiilly overwhelmin;.' iia, iiiid which in their view 
ili'privoa tho Hvori«i:« realtor of any (lowi-r to mak«> a aeloclion. 
Stiitialii^a, wc Imvc lioim tolil. will prove iiiirlliini;. Mark Twain 
ahoWN how- it folliiwa from tho fiict timt tl'.e Mianiaaippi ahortena 
its l>ei( )>y " ciit-tilfa " to the ovtcnt of unit mile and a thin! 
iiiinuiilly tlmt in u pHat ;;eolo;,'icnl np> th:>t rivor miiat haro Ihi-o 
at lottNt a million iiiilca Um^;, and have stuck out over tlu> (iiilf of 
Mexico like It tiahin); rinl. In tho prea^-nt caa«>, however, there 
in no ntHil to carry the nrpiimcMit fnm> stati'ttics -to far. Thi* 
liritish Museum Lilirnry contains altoiit two million print^nl 
books, and in Ix-iny; incn-iisiil at an acc«deratinj; rati- which is 
now about ten tlioiitaiid annually. It is clear that even an 
omnivorous and hasty reader likt> Macaiilay, who could devour 
l«ioks at tho rote of tlin-*' or four a day, would n>tt\ about a 
thousand yonrs to work throii-;!! tlie pn'seiit occiimiilation in 
London, At tlie end of the time he would 1k< further than evi-r 
from the completion of his task ; and it is <iuite cono-ivable that 
ho mi^ht lie a little tire<l of reading, Wi> may, therefore, acc<>pt 
without suspicion the accuracy of the proiH>sition which has IxM-n 
sti forth of late, that it is necessary for all readi-rs to make a 
selection amoii;: tlie existing )MM>ks, I'erhaps that mi^ht even 
have Imhmi admitted without the aid of st.itistics. The lljiim-s, 
when much oonsiih-riMl, are apt to carry one even Im-voikI the 
dosiro for snip|K>ts, They lead some to maintain, with the iinder- 
^adiiato ktiown to Mr. Kitvlcric Hnrrisnii, that the invention of 
piintinj; has l^-en one of the j:reatest misfnrtiines that has over 
befallen mankind, as tending t<> multiply IsMiks rather for the 
sake of the writers than of the readers. Others hold with Mr. 
Cross that the novel of the future will be oiiMlenscsl ti twenty or 
thirty pa^iOs (in tho manner of Mr. Kiplin;;) if it is to have any 
chance of KMn;: read. Others, a;:ain, liHik forward to the arrival 
of that p;lorii'Us time, which the injitenioiis imo^tinatinn of Mr. H. 
(t. Wells has ooiii-eivisl.when the art of reading will have lH>«-n 
li>st, and the Ixiok will I e entirely n>ploc«sl by a combination of 
tho phoncsiraph and the kinpmato};raph whieh will apt you little 
dramas of all kinds when you press the button. The ap|<e«l t«> 
statistics, indeed, may be made to support many other theories 
liesides t.bnt i>lf tbi. iii4t<l f,ir ..ninnets. It. wiiiibl twrhaits Im hnttftr to 



na war y t<> «it th« whol* al m $^om», ho i n i awl 
all, l«c«ii*« w« lilia a M'"*- -''— -• •'— ' — *-t, m 
the hi|:h»it mark of I) . te 

th« half llofeii pa;,ir> III s'cirii an antixir ■••• <iafia 
jiistire. Hiiridy tlu' »iithol«igfa> wy — ftm a >i» » n r 
' ^ wleii he r<van*« all |»mim, lili* MMlUy, ' 

i>at i'rioin whn-h all (■•■el*, like tlt« a--ofmnt 
of ..iw ttttat mind, lut«e I mlt np alae* tk* twgia 
World." 

Thr lover of boohs haa btm w nt ttMMMlilalfaNMl  
aiiippeta. " WiMt man nf t*<t<- aiMl fxcliii:!." aal 
" ran i<IHlUr«< ri/tirimrnlt, )■ 

nlitiofiar" It ia qnit^ tru<« t,..: 
prefera to make oiM''a own. Tlw  

aa itroncly in t" ' ' v aa at II • "< 

what hia iM-iyI >-ra over « ' ' al 

the n- ' Ih* pagi 

of u ■'•*» omI 

reatatlntiit '• '•• r.iH'. Tlwm an> many |a.af4e, ti 
like to liave a rhoirv maila for them, >* who CMM 
extra rharx*' in time ami money for tiw asarriw at tkt 
For them the purveyofs ol anipfNto mm Iw a i b r li 
choice ia between 8nippi>ta bihI nothing No <ioal4 i 
have ahelrc« full nf Um> cloaaica always at ame'a elboa 
ia out of the i|ueiitioii it ia wvll t<> har* sreti Uw Ma 
from tliem aa a aaa s oning to tha ilaily papM^. Om 
and the laat new norsi from tka einoktfaiic lihn 
always Im> a ctnnpanitively small nombar of laailsn i 
liiek to browae in a library, or tha sail e>wi > ai il ialii 
Slleh hniniitrt mmih< lihri as the ohl masfan WWnnl 
tieware of. For the ni«|ority, a gooil anHwlegy affi 
chaiiC(> of hsviiiK a mxlilini; acv|uainla«ea wHh tka 
the world. No doubt it would be moeh baMar UmI 
content themaelves with " knowing tha heat that has 
and laid in the world," which can ha dona srHh a q 
poaaeaaion of money ami leiaors. But tha iiaaii« f 
not— |ierhaps never can h»— spread " in widaat eomm 
one iieo<l not quarrel with the irrowinK dsoMnd far ai 
only when they affect tn atippiy tha naad of a Ubf 
at heini; all thincs to all man that eoUactiow 
Kxtracta can be really dangarooa to Iltantara. 



jfovcion Xettcr. 



GEKMAXV. 



OBRMAN PROVINCIAL TALAS. 

Some critics repaid everj- German writer aa a to 
c<~>uain. It miut In- aihiiittol tiiat Hauptmatin'a < 
oft< n nativea of Sileaia, the aiithor'a birlh|>lac*, wb 
action paasaa. Max Halba somatimas lay* hia •« 
l>rtiasia, where he was bom : and BmC Pmasia, 
]>rovince, forms the lieckgroiml of many of Siadstm 
simI dramas. By thia kind of arininient rrary Oer^« 
does not localise hia acene at Hrrlin ia necaa* 
The merit of a noveliat or dramatiat, howavar, ia if 
by the fatherlaixl of hia her<w* sihI har oi na a . H 
human lit ' into human eharaetar, an t 

last cons: i'lsr or apadatsr. 

But HJi auntly aa tha Utaratttvs of tka i 
a eoamopnlitan tandancy. ao haa that of tka I 
less provincisi temleiu-y : and thcr* hava ariiaB la  

A nnmlior nf irrititni »-bik mil irfi— Iv aaek to i 



so 



LITERATURE. 



[January 



littfe kaoam ouUki* kor aaii** Ittud, U fwrticulvlx 
hy !<■••■« i>f iU wmkjttt aafttt'V mm! it* hi{;h lit«-nu-,r 
Hm Hlaok Fortst tal«« ti| Kraitli'iu Ht<rtuinp 
•ffl t<i kll ionm uf iphhI liUTBturv ami to all w-fao 
in old trorU ■■iiiiii snd e— tmiii. Anwbach'a 
•• 8ilrawB«flld« DuilgnAiikli." of whMi tU trat M-iw 
•ffMnd ia IMS, w* g iB»r»H.v n^-mrtlOTl m Um oUmimI pr*Mot> 
■Hft o( pMHal life ia Ui* KUck F»rMt, but hi* paManU u» 
I too owltutwl mm) philoaophicftl to b* eotiralj ooariooiaf. 



of B«niiB* ViUiofMr, on tiM 00011*17, oven allowinft lor 
tk» Jw>lo|WMii>t o( fifty jears, iatfiNM ua at oaee aa lif»like aad 
mtonl. 

Hanaiaa VillinffMr was bom at Freiburg in the Rreiagau 011 
nkKvary «. IM«. Tha tuMf mob rwaorad U> Karlanihv, where 
FMnUia ViUinfw alUl raa t d — . 8ba bi«aa vr\y to « rito, but 
har talaak Ja>alopa d alowljr, aad aba pabUahad »•< ' 
IMO. 8hk aaeala ia tba abort atorjr, aad aiaoaUMiidat. 
a jpiar baa iMaaad witboat tba pablioatton of aomathing from bar 
|Na. Tb«aa wbo ara ontiraly unaM|uaintad with bar work aboald 
laad itat " Keh«iir««sUlt;«acbiditaa " (Kitgvlhoni) and <* Kleino 
I iliiaibiliiir " (Boaa). 

FVlalila Tilliaitar aats tba Blaok Foraat iwaaant befora ns 
•• aha baa known him for the Uat thirty \-aara or ao, wit]i his 
anil hi* folliaa. Ilia |wofounil i;;nurauoe aad hia placid 
hi* rootnl dialikc tn change, hia laziiiMB, hia low of 
drink A delif-htful little »tory, " iJaa K«thael der 
" (Vita), opaoathua :— 

" For tralr." thundarad the |irie«t from the jnilpit of Uia 
cbarvh of Klein aad Oroaa Au, " if tho Iwll in the towar 
forlit Win*. Betr ! Wine, Beer ! all the peaaanta 
•oaM running, aail pacli uould take care not to be the 
But in the aoun<l Bim, Item '. Bim, Bam ! seem* no 
naad for hurry, and e v er ybo dy thinkr there's time, th«re'i> 
til). Bat I trll yoa there 'a not time. <hir I^trrl will not 
alwaya be the laat. . . . He will he lint in our thoughta, 
firat in our love. What flo you know of the i:'.th t-liaptar of 
CorJaUiiana ? If tbare was a <»aater of oaraaa, that rou wouhl 
kaow by heart, but of the ri^t osmprahanaioii of lore yoii 
bare no mora idea tbaa tbe geeae in your ponds or the oxen in 
yonratalb." 

Um ipiritad and diaractariatie aermon fonna the keynote of 
tba tale. A yoanfi Siatar of Meroy nnraea tbe motherless child of 
mine boat of tbe Lion through a serious illneiis ; the fathrr, a 
TOOgb peasant, falls in lore with hor. She sliowi him how, in 
ttying (o make bar biaak Imt vows, be is not proving his love, 
bak saekiag bis plaaaura at bar expanse. The jMithoa of the 
aMaatiaa liaa in tbe fact that aha kwea him in return, but is 
I to eooqner bar paaaiim. When he |ilca<lii his great 
lova aa an s « oaaa fur hia eonduct, she replies, 
' Only wbon yoa eonqoar your paaaion and let me go my way 
win yoa lova me aa I lore yoa ; then, indeed, will ^oiu- love b« 
truly great and orerwbelming." 

Tk* atoriea contain pathoa, humour, romance, and 
nnraaiiinallj. aa ia " Die (ialgenbttucrin," tragic force. Tbe 
<|aolitias ai* aoniatiaiea found in combination in one stoiy ; at 
cithaii, <«• alone of tbam forms a anfleiant motive. In " Mutter 
Roaia " we have them all. Tbe baroine'a character deteriorates 
under the influence of a misfortune that caoaea bar to loae faith 
fa hv fallow crsatorea. The cfaeerfol, ooateoted spirit tliat 
nrflbw puw rt j r nor a brotal hoaband oould quench is broken ; 
sIm bo longer <|aotee tit. Paul in maxims of h<>r own invention 
to a a|i for t bar pbiloaopby of life, but, distrustful of all the world, 
beraell in her cottaga. Drawn with the fewest 
Um cbaractar lii^we ia oar memory aa if we bad met liar 
iatheladk. 



BUok 



Forest paasaiili <« e«e of their nu« via 
an invitation to go to mo theui in 1 
dilettante fashion the jiaiiiler ia in lo\'e will 
daughter. 8be and hor niothor go to tlie »t«t 
gaaa t the railway through tlie forest luid onlv ji 
— and, fearful of not being in time, arrive tMo 
llMir conduct at tlic ktation, wh«n> they nearly < 
mad, ia moat diverting. Tbe cliinli up to tlia I 
ia little to tbe taata of the town-bred man. ohiaflj 
to t^hriatiue, and be soon <liacover8 tliat stesf 
are not con<1uclre t> oonvursation. Tlie indigeo 
slee|>ing accommoilation which constitiitv the « 
hospitality load to itituBtious, touched in by F: 
witli sly humour, timt effot-tually cure tlx' |>aii 
The peaaants <m their side csiim t nndorstanil tJ 
 !<>te ignoiaiice of agricniltural operations, an 
. . liualUi of cows. 

Friiiilein Villii,>;pr tliorou;;lily umlerslamU 
are always true tu life, and fascinate by their 
luiconscious humour. One ino>>t attrat-titu little f 
himself a helper t<> all liis circle. His assistance 
but his childish interfenmce did in one case Irit 
deairad marriage. In reticence of style Henniiio 
Veara aome analogy to that of Mary Wilkinn, > 
faiit vanixhiiig s<K-icty. It has Ihh'ii coniplHino 
too much fur form, a reproach that can seldoni Ih 
a Oerman writer. But, if she d<ios notliint; o 
much more), slie proves that tlic (ierman langii 
style ninl cliunii ; ami li€«r aim at inTfcH-tion of f 
detracts from the spontaacoua freahnass that 
tiiiction. 



" Der Heim-Kchrenilo Oatt«f und noin Wi 
literature " by Dr. W. Splettan'isser (.Mays 
LuiiMcig), is a volume which proves the cxhausti 
of Oennan erudition. A topic which at first sij 
suited to serve as more matter for a light news 
here made to fill a bulky volume, and devineil wr 
treatment and an index. All cases that occur in 
the world, in which a husband after lon;^ abi 
find bis wife either dea<l, married, or a1>ont t 
another, are can-fully onunieratetl hikI the s 
logically anal^-sod. liotwcan Homer and Pierre 
of dramas, novels, abort storiea, and iKienis in 
historic incident has been dishe<l up anew is astc 
of the moat notable instances, of course, are Ton 
Arden," Maupassant's " Le retour," Ftfval'a " 
Poirier," and Prevost's " D'sire." 



THE CANADIAN BOOK TR/ 



[Mr. G. Herbert Tliring, the SecreUry of ( 
Society of Authors, who was recently couiti 
Society to inventi^'Htt- on the spot the subjcit < 
Book Trade, has communicatc-d to us tho foll"ni 
reanlt of bis iiujuiriea.] 

Tho Canadian hook trade han, <liiriiiK ili>' 
gone tbrongh many and im|Hirtant chan|{<-<<. 
B o c c aaary Ut discuss tho question from nn iwirliei 
Bngliah Copyright Act of 1842, which, 1>i>ing 
touk effect In all tho cobmios. At that time I 
novel was the common methtxl in which all 
^nteil in Kngland, and obeeper olitions wci 



Juuuar^ a, L9Q0.] 



UTEHATIKK. 



•.ill)- lit Um' AtlitnlUi, luul lu-otluovj la ek mp «mI1Uuii». Tbry won- 
|friHliiu<'il ill lliiH r<>rui iiwliiK to Uio Oam|N<itiiiii ul Uii' |>riiitiiiK 
tiail<- ill AiiwriOM, himI tin* IboIc <>r |>r<>U<cUi>ii t4> IIm< ntiUi>>r. 

A«, tlMTl'fl>r<', tin- I'tliUsI St«U>» WI'll" full C»| OiM«|l MUtlllllH 

<>r (H-i-Liiiii ImhiIo, ublcU tlir> Ciiiiuiliuiii \\i>r<' uimlili' l<i mioupp 
(lh<' ini|Mirlnti<>ii Im>1ii4{ |ir<>liiliit<'<l iiihIit llw t '<i|i,vriKlit Aot it 
l'H4'.'), lli<< 0<uvriiiiM<nl <>f ihf North AiiM-rioaii Pniviiioiw mmli' 
sii'oiiK l>r<44*Ht to till* lin|Mirinl (i<>v«rnlui>iit that It mnn UnpoMkihlr 
loi- tlio iixkiliiiK piililic "t I'liimilA t<i olitMiii plKittiful »ihI •wrly 
••ii|i|ilii-H lit llio ci>|>yri;;lit UiiKli*l> lit)<rutiin* ; it wnn riirtiuT 
|K>iiitixl out tlint tilt- I'nimiliuii (tulilio, liviuK ovt-r a vnal otiiiiitry, 
mill not Ix'iiiK ucaltliy, uoiilil not Im< HiiiipliiNl by t>i<< oriliiwry 
iiD'tliiMU uilo|>t«<l in KiikUumI— tli<< ciiuiilutinK lilirury, &o.-- 
Init tliut Hliy Olio who iloMirinl to r«iii) n book linti, ax n uuttfr ft 
fitct, to buy it. Aeooi-iliiiKly. to uut't tin' il<-muiiil of tlw ('HiMtliaii 
public, tint KoroiKii K<-priiitM Act of 1847 w»n |iuium-<I anil mhn 
utlupttvl by miiny of th« coloiiii>H. Thiit Act p<<riuitt4Hl the 
Li't;iHliitiir<< of niiy nf th<> onloniim to |miw n law allow iuk the 
iiitr<Nliictioii of fon-ijcn D'priiitH Into tluit colony If a pro|M<r 
rcwiinl w<'i-o wcurtMl to tlit> ittithor from Huch im|iortation. 
Cniuwlu |HiH<N<<l n law allouiiiK Niirh im|>ortittiou oa {Miyimsiit of a 
I'listoiiis duty of V2\ |HT (X'lit., which whh tu \m} ooHeotod by Uif 
CMiiailiiiii (iovrniliMiiit. 

This Ai'l wiiM, no iloiiUt, of e tiiHiilemblf lM>ni>tit to mMk-ni In 
Caiuuln, but it liuil a mtIoiin nnil <Ii>>ustronN I'lTi'Ct u|h>ii tin' book 
trado. I'i'ior to this ilat4>, tlH> ('Hiiailian book tritdf, tlioii)(h not 
in n vi'i-y flouriHliinx uoiHlitimi, pi-im|M>r<'d by cht'up n'printH of 
British copyright anil otluT works. liut tlu- llo<Nlinx uf thi> 
inarkot with cht«p Ain<>rican roprititx tloMtroytHi utU'rly tlM< 
littlt> biisiii<>sH tlio iMHikn-Ilcrs and publislH>rs thi>n |)osM><tsL' I, and 
Olio or two \v<>i-«> practically ruintsl iiy this arrani(<*>u«<iit. Kroui 
tlio ixiint of vi»'W of th»" copyright owm-is, also, tin* Kon-ijjn 
Itcprints Act was <>ntiri'ly nnsatisfaotory, as fur n |M>rio:l of 
ii«>nriy U-n years, frtiin 18tHJ to 1876, almiit ill.'iJO only was 
ciill<>ct4'<l in the Customs, of which C'niuula contribiiti-d alMiut 
i'l.OOU. Thi> C'aii.idiaii publishers were iilso disaU'ecti-d, as 
they lK<p\ii to realize that, with tlH- Kor«>iKn Keprints Act in f<irce, 
the Caiiiidinii publishinf; trade must pmctically 0<<it)M.> to exiitt. 
This fact tlH>n lM>came evident, aftff the Act had run a onn- 
siderable iiumlM>r of years, tluit, though the reading; public of 
CaiiaiU l)eiietit«>il inUdlectually, the nmt<M-ial pro lua-rs of the 
liooks, as well as tlH> intellectual pro liio«<rd, liotb in Great Britiiiii 
and Canada, wer<> <iult'eriiiK. TIk> Canadian publisher and printer, 
jind the other tnnles conoerneil, bi'i>ii>;ht pn'»surt> to lH>ar, and 
the Canadian Oovernnieiit broi^(lit in a Bill which lM<canie law 
in 187i>-- iU) object iM'iiiK tn Btiniulat<> the printing tra'lo 
in Canada by allowing onpyriKht in Caiuida uniler O'rtaiii 
oircuuiitaiices, so that if an author chose to o'ltain such eopy- 
ri^ht tho KoroiKn Reprints Act wouU) to the extrnt of that l>o«>k 
Ih> null and voiil. This, it was thought, wMuld materially assist 
the priiitiiii; trade. At the time oortain Canadians thoUKlit that 
this would override the Im|H>rial (Rn^lish) Act of 1842, and in ono 
cnso, whi>n an Kii^lish author had faiUnl to copyright in Canada, 
a certain Canadian publisher pi>Mluc*<<l an unauthorised e<lition 
of the iMMik. The matter was brought into the (^>nrts, and it 
was finally decided that this view of the law o nild not stand. 
The case is the leading oise of " Suiil«>s v. lidlfonl." 

Tho Act of 1875* therefore turmsl out of little u»o praotically. 
either to help the Caiiailian pul»lishinK and printiiiK trade or to 
liolp the British autlmr in Can»<la, and bookselling still coiitinutsi, 
<luritiK the next ton or liftoon Ni'ars, its pr<>cnrious nxistauce to 
a larijco extent by the stdliiif; of cliMip foreiKn n^printa. Dorinfc 
the same iN'riisl CanadiHii authors w'ert< spriiiKinK tip> wIhmi* 
works, lii-st |i(iblislied in Can.\da, obtaiiiod Canadian copyriKht, 



I' <•( Ibc C«iHMli<ia ■••■kM^ltr 

l> ' 'i>n Imok IM|sirlr«l mntU^ I 

ik<|iruit« Ai^l. I>i<rti4( tkf »amu> (■•riul. Ilwl 
tM-tMt«-M the .\ot of ItnV mmI llw fwit^ <il Ih- 
III ilWI, tlH- Ibriie C.MiienltMl »«• ««ll4W*d !■•• I 
binding all IIh- is,l..iiMi«. It •■• aiicMMl Iqr Uw Ra 
M-iilaliv<< ill IHlM. The ferliiic nrvm mtrp mhI I 
thrtiu{;ll<iut Caiiwla durtiiK tliU |icrl--> .-•'t--- |n Uw | 
wIhiIo of the iMiaJl traile »aa practi' 'i mp bjr 

reprintn. with tkr> exn-|ittoii at tn« i»« tnoka Ik 
copyri|{hl4tl in C«iumU. TIw CaawllMM aMMMtl Io 
the n-Kult wa* brouuht alvtut •naintf lo tlw AmI IIm 
unable to le;(ia|iit>- (or theniw|te« mt Ibo top/ftigkl 
as to override tJie liii|ii-rial Aot. It i» UMIMHM 
fact, iin|M>snibU', in tiw «|«n« at cniiil— d, to | 
argument* pro mmI roM. on thia |itiiat. Thry woolil 
volume. 

In 1889, owing to Uw pxtrftnr |in>Mar» al I 
Htanoen, an Act waa |ibi<m<iI lijr Ibn C'aiiailian Onm 
Hir JoImi Ttii>in|MHHi, IIm) Miniatcr of Juvtit-r, ai 
re|Mirt to tlM< I'rivy Council in Mip|B>rt of i' 
practically tlH> oausr of tbn |>riniins ami |iabl 
aKaiiist the author. The (.'aitadian Aot, iMntm-r, iwi 
tlM> Royal assent. In IROl Amcricii pOiMxl ila i'nf 
n«<c<>s>»itatinK printini; in AnM>rica in onler to olitati 
This Act, ap|if^rin(; to tlip Canadian pahlisbcr ami tl 
printer to Im' a fnwti ariituatHit to tlM.'ir fatour and l 
of liiijustin', ar<ms<si c<>nsi<lemble jealottsjr aod tin 
then oxistiiiK iliflonlty and Mttrmrwi As • Matl 
however, tho imswinK of tlN> Awrrioan Art «ra« tiw i 
tiM) rtitUM'itatitMi of tlM> (.'anxliau laouk tnMlc. for Ui 
iHH'oaio impoMilile aatoncat tbo difomit prioton io 
uwlurMtU am> anntbor with rhoop rofmnta of tj» aoot 
Britiith authors that hail obtoiiMol the Amariooa 009; 
in ronMs|u<>we it waa knpomible (or tbo AawtJoMI { 
UismI tlio Canadian nurket with cbrap roprioto mmI 
duetsi Ixioks. Tho Aim>ri<«n pobliaher had to 00a 
with tho Knxlixh autbor.ajxl tiMiwkgr ototaioed aolo 01 
American market. I'liually the eantraet ia tho fl 
eovonil tbo Canailian aiarkct aa wvll. Ho tlH>a, oiti 
an aKiMit of bin own in Canaila or throoch a Oaawliai 
ros4>ld tlH<M< riKhta, takiiiK a Mnall itrotti to IliahH-if. 
petition of ni»lorM>lliiiK had coaaod ia 
to a eortaiu oxtont, owiag to thO 
I'mler tbeno rirrunutaacea tho hook tiado 
Canaila. .\ further considatablo atia»lna waa girao 
iiiK, priiitiiitf, ami othor tradoa ooBoortoil with tho  
wh«n Uie Caniwlian OoromaMot m{a<«>l any loi^ 
authors' rnyaltii^n umlor tbo Koraiim Reprint* 
m-currod in 1805. Th«) Foroifcn Rc|Mriata Art ia < 
then oeoaed to toko elect in Caaada. 

The AMerieaa iMliUaher who hod |Hiw hoard < 
waa now lorMid to mM to Caaada. or he MBac 
aicent into Caiinfla, no his richts w«<n> ralaelaaa «; 
notion. <.'aiia<liau pubtisbor* were iiuWk to ioo tha 
but still the Canadian book%oller* and |wial*Oi oaaj 
tho EuKlinb authors aniil their richta to tho 
Tliey wauttxl to lie protoetod atcainot this by aa Art 
British antbor to contiaet direct with the Canadii 
under certain Ivffal reatrictiona and at reKaia { 
no Bill waa brouKht forwaid oa thia faaaia. 
drafted aomewhat aloog thoao liaaa, ita ^ 
impraotioahle, as no Qovcit— irat woold oooaaaft to ai 
ting agents, lo fact, tho Oanartian < 



S2 



LITERATIHK. 



rJatniiir 



— rlw< •« iiu<*'-~' A.... lA-mi |iinit«x>, oii« or two lioftmi 
to MWlnct dir(«t with tlio KiiKli«li author. Mr. Oilliprt 
Fwher, tk» aalhor nf many C*aiuMll«n movpN, was ilio <in>t to 
Mitar Into a eonirarl of lliu kiml. anil with a favourahlo rpMilt. 
IWra b i>' ''xt a CaiuiitlNii |>utilii>k(*r ran f^w a rcui- 

aUanbijr - I'rirv for the r«iii«<llaii luarkfl tliau an 

A—If pMWUWr. aa tho .\nMTirMii pnliliOior moat taka aottli^ 
tklac M ttw Midilto BMn. It N th<<n>r<>n> to the bcocSt of tho 
Britbh author to ronlnirt otraljHil with lhi< OnUNalinii |Nililishc>r, 
and il H not only to hi* iMiirfit finanphilly, hut it !•> alxo to M» 
hmett tram lh<« |ki!nl of vioar uf fnturc h'sUUtion : fur aH <ioon 
ttt the IVinailiau puhlMior, printer, ami tho tmiltw cnpiK«<l In 
book prMlurlioii in Canaila ii>rmi<rt> ami llouriHh, o«'iii|; lo the 
<|pwkt|inM>nl Uy umwm of (lim-l ronlrad with tho aiitlior. il will 
!■< nulikrly tliat tllpqw«tion of <-op> riKht l<>|;i<>lnl ion ror('ana4ln, 
«hirb ha* U-en Knrh a hitter point lietwi-en tho i-olony nnil tho 
ImpTial (iovornnHMil for tlio pnot tm-only y«-ar*. will i-mp np 
attain. It i» alinoKl rrrtain, tlion-r«n>. tliat authors condm-tinK 
thrir biikinran on tbo«p lim*H will oontrilHito (crontly to holrinK a 
TMTjr dUBcttIt ami \-ozpil qun>tI<Mi. 

One dUHonlly, liomovor, cxl»t*- -nnmcly, tho fnot that tho 
Ki^iih Imprint of worko. In whioh tho C'anndian puhlishor \mh 
lio«|ci>t Uic ropyrlsht or the exoluslvo lioonii' to puhlish, ran 
Mill Im> imported into Cauatla. It io Iio|hnI, however, that thix 
diSrultr will Im> ahortlv reiiietlietl. 

(i. HKRBF.RT THRIXO. 



AMONG THE MAGAZINES. 



la 






To5«* 

hefon> 



her 



A OMlifmant deity oiK-ed^vlt on the top of n nnowj- mountain 
Kara /enhla. " Alioiit lier playetl her ehildren, NoiM>, 
Impudence, Dulnoas and Vanity, Posit ivenoMtt, 
Pwlantry, and IllmannerH. Tho pmlde^?! herself 
had rlawa lilio- a cat : her hond, and oars, and 
ithletl thnno of an as< : hor teolh fnlion out 
eye« tnmed inwanl, as if she looki-al only ujxtn 
beraolf : berdiet wad tho oveHlowinK of her own p«Il " nnd so on, 
and ao on. Thus IVan Swift, himself so kindly nnd so guileless a 
writor, d«^ct* Critioism. Does this lurid pi<'turo, of whioh we 
have only Ki%-on the mildest and the most quotable {wrts, remind 
m of the polilo roricwor of to-day ? Tho critic of the Initt 
century wa», »-o admit, often a Immuk of a rather different onler. 
Bat there are writem enough from Addison downwnrils to pn>vo 
tJMt criticiam is not wholly a dialirdioal art. Crilirism has done 
aa inmonae deal for (rnud lilomtnre and gno<l taste, and more- 
over the author and the eritio tend more nnd more to lioeomo 
one. Lately, howoror, it has lieeomo tho fashion to sniff at critics. 
It tagaa with ona or tw-o novelists who suffered from wlint is 
knowB aa " tfeo peraccntion mania " and thmight that the world 
of critim was banded against them, or wtio wero able to flonrish in 
tke faoa of disparaging reviewers the immense clieqnca they 
r aea i tiad tnm thtir pablWwrs. TbeM> clieques ha%-e not widely 
iafvasied tka wrl wae is . who aro not hy any menna all of them 
readjr to aM«|it tkt* vacdlet of " tlio man in the sire<>t." 

Xmr in LoHgrnatul" Mafavimt (whioh has two mpilnl articles 
n« " Draam*." ami on a " 8ummor in the Forest " hy Mr. H. O. 
Hutchinson and Mr. W. H. Hudson) Mr. Langli>lls us that tlion> 
\% a lance clasK of critics who K4-t up and worHbip an idoalinil 
ioMMp? of tho " Man in the Htreet," and he a<lriM<M editont to 
" torn all tho deTot<<<s> of the • Man in tlio Htreet ' to hor<t with 
hiai thrro," We hare much sympathy with this, but it is really 
^v^ the criti«-« *<> mvcll aa tho editors that nre to blaino. Tho 
]faTX»%\ stamp* the cnntribator, not tho oontribntor tlio joiirnnl. 



ktr****!.'* Ho wiit^'i Mi"t tjiiiif- ^"> j*-i -^iiiixi^ I' 
" iiuaisinatiTc criticikin " as oxoniplilloil in I'r 
U.imtrt, Mr. (Josse's " Dinuie." and Mr. S. t 
Kpeare's Sonnet*." Quite in the spirit of tho cl 
Mr. Ijiiik so much iMintcmns, I'rlionus Sylvnn 
not n person nliont whom the public is much ii 
what, umler tho heNdiii); "Tile Now ('riticisin, 
by I'rluiuu^ Sylvnn hiniM'lf an old critic — is 1 
Mr. tiosM' adopts of <liscovoriug biogmphiciil 
poems. The mothiMl, of cmirw, wants skill ni 
the applicntion of it here made by «-ny of tmv<'s 
poems is a Komowhnt lnl>orionsj«»»t. ShiikoH|M>aro' 
oMirso, tho liirtu rlituirut in which tin- diuip'rs <i 
l>i>st ilisplnyisl. I'rimnns Sylvan critici7.os Mr. 
l*rof<>ssor r>owiIon nml Mr. (Sokso. In tlio siiino 
the trite complaint "It lias cenMed to 1m> of r 

a critic has to say, for i no I'vor buys a Ikki 

his criticism.  

Tho Drnnmtic Critic luis lieen much <•» n 
writer of iMXiks. So far. actors have not troiitr 
aoine authors tr€>at theirs. But, perhaps, the da 
critic will come; ami nn amusing WTiter in Itlnci 
to luivo a cold <loiiche ready to lie turno<l on-whi 
Mr. Cloiiiont Scott in hand. For him Mr. S 
stago-strnck lioro-wrirship|)er. With his annlyit 
methods of writing most p«>ople will ngroo, o\o\\ 
S4> far as to assent to the pro|)osition tlint " Mr. 
kiiowlc<lgc of. nor iiiterost in, tho drnma. 
dramatic critic for forty years, ami his cuthi 
liersonal." Mr. Walkley, again, "is a port eohf 
For Mr. Archer the BlarkinHMl writ<'r lins nior<> 
iKH-nuse ho is the antithesis of Mr. Scott, «n< 
|)oor little plays which ho is askivl to witm-ss w 
gravity which is almost grotesque," lilurh 
articles of literary intenvit - Mr. fi. S. Street's 
Selwyn's I^'tters, for inslniico ; and as a fo<v 
liternture must lie rockonisl a plonsant pnp 
Tavern Life in London." 

In the ('oiitemjmra nj Heririr we find a wi 
speaking of critics and their work in a far mor 
than that on which we have comm 
Kipling, at tlio snino time showing that n 
a truly interpretntivc critic of ( 
brother author. Sir Walter B<-snnt is, we tli 
in his poputnr statement of tho merits of Kiplin 
as |)oet. Wc- do not know that we wholly i 
When we think of Scott and Tlinckoray, of 
Tennyson, and of the kind of literature such 
the magic world of colour nnd old romance ; tl 
humour; the moditative calm and the spiritual 
and nature ; the reflning sjm'II of art — the art of 
ami of n wistful present ; tho whole renlin of 
divine; the monning and the charm of the v 
tho aky- wo must surely fool tlint Kipling, at 
tions; nnd in a lmlanco<l <>stimato of liis work t 
forgott*'!!. Hill all that Sir Walter Bosant says i 
lf>ss. It is true that Kipling's voice is ii 
anggested by a loss generous critic, " the voice c 
Th«> S'i'liofitil Rrmftr also haa an excelle 
eulogy of Kipling as a doMTiplive writer, or, m 
school of dc-scriptive writing of which Kipling, 
anil Hnrily, arc the best ri'proHi'iitntivoN. Mi 
later ninki-s some I'levor o<ini|inrisoiis with the ol 
of S<-oll and (iail, finding tho cliarncloristii 



Jammry fi, 1900. J 



UTERATURE. 



Lr'ttoi-H am <IUditii<><t nt lnrgi< >>y Mr. J. C, Ballejr her* M 
thoy iiro by Mr. Itirrell in tha I'ontemjHiranj and mIm) more 
liriolly anil rritlciilly In Miteniillun'i ; MI-m Hnnnnh Lynch 
cnnipnroi Zula nnil ToUtol In thvir trcatmiMit of tho " aox 
i|nii4tlon " ; two Brtlfk«t npix'nr whlfli nrc pout thoir flrat 
yoiitli, Jmt wliifh nro worth prc"i««rvhn - Prnt'-^wir Hiilly'* 
limii);iinil nililn'Mx nt fnlvpntHy ('n|l«'g<' <iii tin* V'aliio of 
JMillicopliy in MimIim'm ('iiltin-<> nml nii nrtlclo l>y Pnifi-iiwif 
I.<<ui<< I'ainplH'll, uliirli MN'inH to Im« innr<> thnn n y<<ar olil, on tho 
liiMwth (if TmgtMly ill SliiikcKpcnro ; niiil Mr. J.(i. Fmxi'r niaktm 
till important rontrlbiitloii to pliilolo^'y liy tho migijOKtion that 
.'iiili'r, nit n (frnmrnnticnl form, iiiny li»vi> oilginuttxl In tho 
ililTi'i'i'iit wnril.t iimhI for tho Hnmo tliiiigliy nioii nml women amon;; 
I'lirly triltoH, Tlint thoy dlil Inrgoly NiH<nk a dllTi'ront langiingo 
ho oHtalilJHlioH by n giKxl iloal of oviilonro from South Amorhra 
iinil .ViiNtnilia. Wo nro very ginil to koo an artlchi In 
Mticmilliiit't on tho now too much noplofto*! .\iithony Trollojie, 
by Mr. .Stcphon (iwyiiii. Ho points out, with truth, tlint 
TniIlop<>'s Hoeinl tyi^-n are drawn with n much truer ln<iight 
into tlicir Hprlii(:;H of action thnn the eiitertniiiliig but rather 
MilMM-tlcial tlgiirt'H of Mr. K. K. Himihoii and MUh Fowler. 
Ill tlio I'oll Mull .Mr. W. K. Heiiloy ilivourM",— interetttincly, 
of course, l)nt witli nn exlinii.it iii); vivacity— on tho " Two 
Huftos " llii);onH n iiinii fntiioiis, hh n lyrint Rrent nn<l Hatisfyinif. 
Tho true bilillophilo will rellnh n very pleoMiut utory in tho 
t!rHlUm<iii'a Mugoiiiie by Mr. <'. Lnstnl, cnlletl " A RxikmnnS 
Diiommn." The I'urHan has chniiKe<l Itst co\*er ami now presentn 
u ropri>i1iictiou of Mr. (lotch's " Alleluia." AninnK it* eon- 
tributoi-H is Mr. Lo (iiiiliciine. What in the worhl is ho doinR In 
tlint !/<i/(''i'r? He is not a Puritan, but he Khnn>s the Puritan 
ilislike of " tho ilenutifiil Lie of Home." On tliat subject he 
writes at length — not lUn-ply, iii<leo<l, but with some force niul 
eloiiueuco. Amonfc tho Im-al miiKa/ines— n better sign of the 
times, to our tliinkiii);, thnn mnny of the cheap illustmte<l 
monthlies — we Imvo before us tho Ilamjittend Animal, a well 
got up publication, containing notes on Keats, Leigh Hunt, niul 
•loniinn Bnlllie, by Dr. Onrnett, who, by tho way, is the subjiH-t 
of the II rst of n series of portraits of eminent l)ookmen in tho 
inter«'sting DcH-emlx^r nunilx»r of tho Librarii. The Hotw 
('oiiiilii-f Miiya-.iiie has iilustrnte<l articles on " Poixj at Binflehl " 
ami " (ieor^e Kliot nt Kichmoml." 



FICTION. 



Tho latest addition to Mr. Heiiienuinn's Pioneer Scries is 
.Mr. ll<-iijamin Swift's Oahtsril (IVi.), and in many ways it is 
Worthy to miik with the l)est of these clever short novels. Th<> 
writiiij; is excellent, clever, witty, ami ei>igmmnintir, but 
obviously iiio<lell<sl on the iiia.sterpieces of Meredith. Mr. Swift's 
last book, " The Siren City," showed signs of recovery from nn 
aggrnvntiHl nttnck of hits iteredithiana an<l even incipient signs 
of a ilose of Tliackeray. Heiv, however, ho has suffertxl a severe 
i-elniwc, returning body and soul to bis llrst love. But as Mr. 
Swift does Meredithian como<lie8 very cleverly and amusingly, 
lot him proceed with them uncoiisure<l. The theme of " Dnrtnell," 
which turns uiHin the bri'ach of tho Seventh Commandment, is 
cleverly couceivixl and worke<l out with a keen sense of irony. 
Tho characters are^too nrtillcinl to lio convincing, but they have 
tho merit of lu-iiig entertaining. Mr. Swift, who has always 
shown a proneness for oihl wonls, rejx"ftto<lly uses the ugly form 
" quieten," for which thei-o .seems to lie no jiLstitlcation suve a 
singlo example in oiio of Mrs. Gaskell's minor works. Worso 
still, In two places ho is guilty of gross taste. On page 72 he 



Ll.^ I-A- 



-II - 






BuUra. 6a.). dMU with Daklto la tk* 
handlM and nirly mnrniiig — tliiBa IR 
HInkton paint* llie |«rio4 Wnrn IIm VnUm, «Im-' 
pnwrr In tb« lan<t, and tlM wll aail knaovr of < 
glory of tho Iri.h Ikr. It k Mr. ThMhtld Dill' 
from bl« roiiiitr-y h<»nie In rrt— ■•' ' ' - ' wajr. af l*r i ■.•- 
riutom nf Ii'Tn-. <.i n umh' '. Mplofnmt 

eitmjt ' ' ins* Df|Nrt]r ol U 

ktory 'lUMWk. WkMawi 

It U n<'M>r •lull. r><rl.j>|'> titu «li*logaa la»akMl» too 
even for Dublin in !(• |«lmkMt dajra. ThMa la 
pttNUgioaaaaMMnt of iMtly lunMrfaaapltaMat. B«t > 
h«a ehoaon to paint a Court, aad aa Iriak Ooart, «Im 
unroly look f»r more than thpFummoa »mtHmt€d 
HU novel In a goo«i one of It* klntl, aplrllwlt 
■lUcrably better written than tbo 



TIm atory of Thi PaiscMa Xevu, by H. B 
WntMHi (Har|>er^. 0«.), tiioagll oftoa ovo^teaUMlic ati 
uiieonvlnelng. I* Intiiaallag t aoaw of tlw f l aadw ar 
de*erlb"<1. anti nt tinwa thvre b the rwal Utflll,^or nai 
thi* I* the uiimxt that ean be aaid la praiaa at tlw 
style is stilted and prerlooa to a 
exnspaTnting. Tbo book la oao of thoi 

the dclicnie genlus of BtaVWMW aad 
Mr. Anthony Ho|m< ; in othar woMfe, b«l for " PM 
and " The Prisoner of Zoutla " «o ibwiK aoi 
" The Princos* Xeiiui." The reattlt U aaiortaaai*. 
for example, when escnpinR from aaaaMlnatioa am 
abruptly on a young girl'a prira^t baa tiaw to talk 
Jargon impnssiblo in tho uliiiimialaaaM I—" BoUa«a i 
not disconcert you »o raooh upon a I r wa r |N'i>«iMall 

ilear madam may I have the prlrikcaol 

fare?" We regret the tragic droth ol tba I 
charaeter in the book, tbo vivid KaUrina, but waresa 
unpleasant senliinentaliam of tbo laal words coaceral 
is impossible not to leo In Mr. MarrloU-Walaoa'i 
materials of rcHnanoe ; ooa can but rogmt tbat bi 
stylo so nnnnttirnl. 

Mv Ladv Kriv<m.. by Rom N. Carojr (Hntcb 
belongs to tliat class of rumanoa which «ilt alwajra ( 
readers. The muat timitl need nerer (ear that the 1 
the gorernasa hacoiae will have untimely antlini;. T 
the character of the princi|i«l penonage, an aaa| 
s(|uire. owe not a littlo to a prerioiu aequaintaaoe i 
Kyre " ; but they are perhaps ttooe the wane oa tl 
The passionate note is subtracted aad the aetking aad 
of the story are sufficiently new. The fault in the 
dotaehod naturo of thcvpiaodes. A oonrenation on the 
nu'tluMlically. or a wandering discunos oa amaaing e|i 
country churchyanl, do not amiat the plot, thoogk p< 
mav help t<> amuse the clans of rsaalvr for whi4B tl 
designe«l. And. after all, a simple romance told withovl 
is more welc<mie ami lietter art than a gloomy nurol 
poaa. " My Lady Frivol " will be widely raanl. 

Three topical norela on Sooth Afriaa are befoi 
latest is A Sox or AraicA. by Anna C t i w t eaac d 
(Greening, 8*.). There aro paaaages in the book wl 
ns of Mr. Kider Haggaid, aad othrra which rra 
Miss Olire Schreinor : and tbe effect of the Jala 
of these two very different mo«lels is catTCaNljr ' 
shonid be adde<l. however, that the plot of the story 
It is about a voung half-bree«l. He tnm.* out in the I 



u 



LITERATURE. 



[Janua 



I tkat h*va intinHjr ooeaired. U 
U be tnm tmrtmtwim tiiui porUail, Uiat U «ti valid objtvtiou 
tnm th» pDinl of vkw ot Um litarary rriiic. It klioulil iu jiutio« 
b»«M«l U«l Um uUmw kM not .vU>kl««l U> th<> illiubMi tlutt all 
CUkaiioTi M« WMMMrUjr viCDb of lif;ht. " An-aiUw ambu " 
•■•■■ U> h« lUs — Ui—f of Um> tvo I'lajuMw wbiolt iuaLv up tbo 
I of Um country. Tb» nUiry ha* no plot, but U cum- 
I of • iorio* of iur<>l<*uta. 



A DAi-uMTm or tmi Tkakkvaal. by Alys Lovth (HuU-hiBwa, 
*•.), ia « atnac* book aboiU » girl's achool in Cape Colony, 
wImt* thm yoong bdiaa aiMMl Moai of ttoir apsM tinw in Uia- 
; villi Kioat riolaiM >iImI anil pbyaioal— tha quavtion of 
' nfaiaal Britun in Soutii Afrii-a. Mia« Alya Lowth ia a 
IdMtribtitM bar iMrainM and TilUinaaaos— both of 
A^ ■— oiiliiigly. If sIm wottkl drop polities 
migbt write quite paeaabU atories for the Uirit' Ow» 



TRANSI^TIONS. 
Tn Pooa PLiiucakTs of Maonu Jdkai (JarroUI, Oa.) 
be • tonie for tbe jaded eppetitM of enervated novul 
" i Mgi H y tiMdacok," altbougb by no Beane one of ita 
''s beat, or awaa aoet popiJar, worka, ia aenaational enongb 
to Mtiafy tke cravin({a of the Most esactini;. It ileala chiefly 
with the doings of a maakad higfawaymaa, " Katia nocra," and is 
Allad with esoiting adventuree. Drugged winu, terrific combats, 
ooincrs. faithless husbands, and frail 
pabuluoi ^•rovideil. Thu romance buw- 
, ia |MiinMatil fagr Mon local •i>k>urii^ than many of Jiikai'a 
I ambttioaa produetioiM and is attraoiive on that acc»unt. 
It ia by BO isani deaiitula o< eraatire talent, eapaoially when 
daaling with the ninor charactara. Old Demetrius and his 
family ciivle are cleverly purtrayoil ; S<{uire Gersson is a typical 
Unnfariaa : and the puasautry are made life-like by many skilful 
toookas. The hero is an iiupuasible |iersonage. Vatia nagra is 
ooa of thoae iadiridnala, good or evil . whom Jukai lovee to depict aa 
I of superhuman powers. Dowered with fabulous 
gifted with marvellous skill in all sorts of tilings, 
ha is able to onUlo Cagliostro, or Cricbton, or any other human 
aoostrosity, iu all ho undertakes. The romance begins well, by 
a (aw cleverly de|iiotod traits making known to us the chief 
pecaomgea d the story, but after a while the author evidently 
waa ri ei of hia taak ; the indiWiluality of the cluiracters becomes 
leaa marked ; action takes the place of idiosyncrasy, and the 
work dwindlea down to the ordinary " hloo<l ami thunder" of the 
Hungarian repertoire. J<Skai fnxjuonUy fumiithes vivid sketches 
of original cha r act er s and natural adventures, but, not unlike 
maajr others of hia tribe, fails to carry out his |)ortrayals to the 
He baa not yet, as one of his countrymen has said, written 
> romance, bat cmly parts of excellent romances. " The 
Bbot Plotoerati " doaa not praeent any of thopo mapiiHi-cnt 
pletBMa of »at«ra1 phanoroena in the depicting of which Jtfkai's 
glowing Oriental imagination is so truly at home, nor does it 
introdnce any of those life-like ]iersonages, such as Timer, " the 
nwa of gold," tha Rwr. Mr. Krohlich, in " Pi*tty Michal," 
Heasy, in " Tlie Sea-like Kyea," »r others for which he is famous. 
na translator, Mr. Nisbet Bain, has dona well, but why 
doaa ha cootinna to give tha German and not the Knclish 
aqiaivalaBt of Jtfkai's Christian name ? And why dues be, or liis 
psbUtlMr, coBtinoa to declare that each auocasaive volume ot 
tka Baaflwiaa's ramaooas ia tha. beat, or moat pc»pular, or most 
trilliaot, of his austarpiaoca t Surely, also, the portrait of 
J^kai augbt now ba varied. 

* As Oaacraa Aro«ri.K (Greening, 6s.) is, unlaas we are mis- 



BMMt ably aad ^rmpathetiaaUy drawn. Thar* i 
in tlie long feutl between tlie houst»s of Todroa 
ta'O oliacure Jewish families iu a tiny Poll")' t.< 
them to the level of aiicirnt and Itovul ilyii.. 
long strug);lo of light agaiuat darkueis, of Imui 
civilixint; tlioui;ht. Of course, the book is ii ti 
the life-liist>r>- of a rcfoniier not a tnmudy ? 
driven forth into the groat world, oun>«<l and i 
tha Karaitish (;irl, ia murdete.l. ^ 
meet witli a far different recojition. > 
it is indft4>nuinat«, but it could not well l« otii 
is fidl of a ovrtaiu ^rave and (|uiet tendiTness, 
theie by a passage of satiric humour, as in tl 
Hannah. Perhapa it is too exclusively conc«n: 
sect of Polish Judaism to attain a f.'reat p 
country, but it is undoubtedly worth i'. ' 
){ood Iit4tntture. The Ku;:li.-<h <>f the tm 
careless in places, and not alwnys jierfecU^' 
from ttie |ien of C. S. de Soidsoiif, who detotvt 
any rate, for being tlie tirst to introduce ^ 
Engliah readers. 

MiarORIOAL MOVBl.*. 

I Livrn AS I Lihtkh (W<-llg (iardner. 1 • 
Alfred Maitland. t^lU tlie t4ile of Dick Co. 
road, and drawa a picture of Charlua 11. au<l hi 
tiuui oriliiuiry vigour uiwl »ust«iii««) iiit<-ivKt. i 
uut^ior is tivsiling on <'■ - csi 

old us the adventure.'' ' i tin 

neventoeiith ci'iitury, ami t.'i. i ::;.il<>« 

aiul liouisi- lie (^iii-ruunillf, ] u.-w lif 

fipurus, J . "■ '• '*■ jiri'ttilv-toU 

Puritan. I iusuch'atah 

provis to 

TiiaDBSosor Wkath, by Walter Orogan (P 
a historical roiuAu< < - -' ' • f r .n 11 

written— tliough tli • te! 

tirst jx-rson) of hk.mu.h h..^,. i ...h ,...>...-. is 
inonotonoiiA, and he can so oliviouHly triu'o hi 
creations of Mr. Conaii Ftoyle ami Mr. '^>> 
Grogan's novel must suffer by the inevit. 
" Siuiou Dale." Xell Gwyuiio is, of n' . 
its pages, while the other characters are of th 
one expects to meet with in historicul romaiu 
the story shows careful workiiian.xhip, the i 
clear, and the book is plesMnt enough reading. 

Ht'leno Oingnld's (Mrs. Laurence C'owoii 

CHILUNaFIELII CllROM<X£lt (UuVliu, lis.), IH I 

suoeossful OHsay in biHtoriesI liction. A <>orts 
l<-<i^ of War<lour-strc>»'t journ<-yuuiii»liip is kli 
fortum»H of luT lien>, Knink Cliilliiig1\<>lil, witli 
the n-ign of Quc>f>n .\nne, nntl thi> advent urt^ i< 
Hut the Imnk is written too mueh u|ioii uniivi 
tliore is a prudiKious luck of liuuiour in its 
spn^'C Im dovoto*! to siich r<.. ' ■•(<i an '• 

oi a gcntlcman'ii culiical ion vensaf 

mentiom-d incidentally thai < niinii .:lii-t(r<< on 
RuiKTt, Vlm-ouut (Jraiilley, "n curly-inil<'<l,ovn 

)....! ...I .... 1) I.,f..l I ',) I*. ... 

A Uno )i<>rti-uit of the «ui < : \V4 

" f.iiicv ill-,'?*'* " trmcon the (i. ' ->k. 

I that it has dono a similar servico 1 
1 s;im<- hand. 

The lat<< Miss Mannin^r's ))l<>asant hiiitorica 

tho 1h «t km iwti \h }uimiH\ on tin- 1 iff <>f \]mt Mm ^ 



know till 
which is 



ll«. 



Jtuiuary ti, 1900.] 



LITERATURE. 



BOOKS FOR THB VOUNO. 

Wa ititl hsv* name (took* for Ui* y»»\m wbiuti oMild not AimI 
n pluou in our I'hrintiiian Ha|ii>loni«iit : Aitil amotiK tlMtn tbm ftrat 
|>lnc.< riiiiNl I'ti 1,'iMiii to— wimt it ia • treat tu MMtui mttoaa > 



•. ' I I' . : y '■■ \ 

1,11' u.H liiiil not 

til. i li- «-..itl.l ,„.,. .-,. ^ i ;,.., .... 

>'! I' N.. c I lid rnuid (ml to ii-iii>i>iiil v, . tlM 

" I ' .lo. tioiii'i ' ixM-lii a^iil all th)< ilt'licioiu • .lua. 

With chtM'nUto rri'ain that you Imy ii 

l.iirp< iiioutlifuU aiul liurry uru ijuilti u .^-u. 

Kvin iih.ri' li'liritoim. tl\oit({li Itwa axoitilig, !■ tliu " CiMmitt," of 
^vi.i. )■ 11.. ivu tho luiit vurw) : — 

Of ull thu kiiiiU of iiipii thora ar« 

'I'lu. Oipiiiint i« iTociiiriit far. 

Tlwiii;..h liiit i> tmlfiM'iiny you Bpotul 

ll« Uiiutn you lii(t< liiii (loarent (rivml ; 

He otniKlt U-Nulo hia tiny liglit, 
And luirriva not a bit. 

And (nlila tli» pajHT aiiuxith and white 
And a4iuling-wax«8 it, 

An<I hunda it to you witli tho air 

0( oiiu who aorvuH » iiiillioiiairu. 
Tho picture* are laarvvla of oIum) olifarvntiun, and tho artiat 
bvirsya ns livvly iv lenae of huniotir aa the author. Hoth may bo 
conjjnitiiliitt'd .m iiii nltoi.'i'thor dcslinhtful book. 

Mr. .lafinH I'. Siillisiin'H ^tm-li-s, Hr.KB Thry iKI AoaTX!! 
(Downey, IIm.). nit' ii onrious niKtnri'. Hln dft«'rmiii«Hl NMxrnptN 
to li« funny loo oftt^ii K'ltil him into ormrtt of la^tn, hut wh<>ii be 
pvea hin lull attvutioii to IiIh iiarrnlivit hu nIiom-m r 
of iiiviMitioii. " TU> I'liriiiif; of tlu< Mill," tlio si 
lit>8t of tlii-w> tiik<M, priMliuTH tho roinaiitir, ohl-woi iii  m < i i .,>: 
."O often eliiiles the writers of fairy tiih-K. •• The I)i;i;.'i>M 
Errnnl " is too diseursive. niid its tnigic rf<'<iiii(»mii<, whieh would 
have li<.«>ii most nrtlHtic, in n|M)il«>d by n )H»iteript, evidently 
ins<trt4Vl hy the nutlior for the wikr of IiIh im>i-« tonilor-hearttii 
reiulerx. The illustnilionN sliow all Mr. Bullivnii'a well-koowu 
liuinorouH and driiiiwtie elmruoterizatioii. 

The niitlior of " CuliiHliim Folk," wliieh our r<'ndor« n-ny 
rcuieiiib<>r an nn iMid but nnuisiii); iMiok, utill retaiiw his anonyiuily 
in B1LI.V, " A Sltetoh for the New B«>y i)y an Ohl Boy " (Tho 
Ix<uilenlmll Pnws, 'M. (W.). The eonilo liehnvioiir of n stmnll K)y 
on Iw'ing siiihleuly trniisporte<l from his fnther's shop In town to 
the <H>untryside is not )>adly drawn, nml will probably make 
ehildren liiu)!h. But we must a<ld that the irn'ven-nn^ of Billy's 
(smuiieiitnries on the rmiiily Bible s<iinetJMH>H cross the limits of 
(;ixmI lasti' in ii liook ol>viiiusly intended for the youn^;. 

Nick Stouies (Nolson, 2.s. 6<l.), by a variety of eontributors 
- onp by Mrs. Molesworth, nnd tpiite worthy of her — do not 
belie their title, anil, with their appropriate illiistrntioiiA, should 
b<> most (sipulnr with rhililn-n. 

A ehnrmiiip book for rhihlrtn i« TtiK WoWDMi Workmis, by 
A. O'i), Kartholevna (Hurst and Blackett, tfa.). It ia abotit a 
littln girl wlio fol[ asleep in a cburvh and in lu>r drCMii waa told 
atoriua by an abbe«!i Iriun a nii-hp, a cruaador from a tomb, 
and a saint from a ^taiIl('4l-gla«s window. They are all li'^'viKla 
of the Karly Churoh, and all relate to some holy flower ; the 
erusaiier, for oxainplo, tills tho story of tho riaur de Lys, 
antl tho abbess tliat of tho Lily of Navarre. We jjiithfv that 
tho book is intondod, in tho first instAnre, for 1? 'mlio 

children, iiut there is no nmliie attempt to iinj.- wtive 

ilootj ine«. T\\c illustrations, many of which ate iu colours, ara 
wortliy of the very lii;;hu«t praise. 

There is iileiily, jH-rlutps a little too mnch, variety iu 
ArsTK.^LiAN WoNiiKRi.AND, A Fairv Chain, by A. A. B. ami 
Meluninc. a story with a pooil moral and full of > \ '" ' 

rnres. Childn^n may learn something; abont the 
of the bush in a plrtJsaiit way from the hisik. and ».... *,- ■fIllli^. 
appreciate the humour of the illustrations by Louise M.lilaiicr. 
Mr. J. Thomson Diinnin);. K.B A,, haa prmliiced a rery 
charming ronttuice for ctiildren in Thk Two P<kM.8 (Cnwin, 

!\a 111! \ \\'i> nts> lalri,i, int., I.^„ it-trlnnd .^f <i.,i,rb.. an.l tKn...h •*«ul^.. 



of . ' 

W. 

to '^a 

Is r^MM 

■imiiiiig ; aiMi ilivjr 
tli« jova of Ufn, ao 
""■ ' Hi«a|>|ik-i -•• -■ 

«•• »n> UI 
.cry wpM. Ii.. . 



weU. 



' ' nfth and . 

by a wrllrr ' 
' ayuibolM." Tbrjr aagyvt a ilti 
>abi»ra4. biii k a«ii>wela< !• Imc 
iMM 4m|0ciI Is Imw tb* t«^ 
far aa  tkiajp vxiat, an* m fe 
- -" <•— ' -s— t —  Man* #«• 

f thli« I 
.. : .; lyiloMtl 



As f>niEt!s SgR I'll I* 






a na*»l hf • ■•« writer, Wi 
■>.t» bwo ikUuinced to • M( 
r<«lf by pwa ti abcwMlH 
•maaa a a ifaM l a a l aaa ad 
lo loiMMlrkVB afiiaoib wkUk t 
but ttayaaraiaiiial i' 



to Ulc 
•torv • 
It. 
Ix 

Mias S^iuah Tyt!»r ia w* aniU a* fort W if wai 
choice of a luToino in th« duok wkiab ah* ha» all 
UuMiVMoua'a y "• f4.). 11m h<i*i 

ctirtainly aoliM4<- ' aifl «• can hardi; 

be entertained bv .i -. ti mi .. upn. wb*' nttarrel for 
heuiiinine witli t'he lirat «)-*k o| niarrivt life, an tlwi 
It haaty HonI, The utorr uhea na Imrk tu tiM ftfttaa 
oartain extent, tel!acta t)ie ciaotiona of tkat ■arioif A 
ia pleaaantiy written, and anda vitJi ra-mm, it will 
teadara. 

Tho " Ovf raosi Library " eiraa na A Wibb Doa 
II 2a.>— a plain, a 

of t« endaaToarerf to 

tl ' II of I *na<U and haa foind tiMt 

rn' ro, but that tiw life otUOaaitaia 

i> iu own aacaadtng grant nmwtd. i 
iU!e yuloma, in apitn ol ite Inefc of Ularanr 

Aiio'Jicr b< ok of the ••»• Mriaa ia Ar rna "Mm or 
Tare (Fisher I'nwin, Va. (kL), ctmaistiog of pict 



life in Morocco, including n good dani of infomnUoa ud 
amusing anecdotaa. Wa an n liMte puaalad M to the n 
On tlte cover we read that H is by Mr. R. U N. Jok 
the titla-pafce tall* na tliat it i> written by Miaa Mmlm 
and •• edited by K.L, N.J." At any rate, if tlia 'M 
aketchea ia not tho result of a liUnuy mae wa aMH 
apologias for half auanecting it, and congratnlala Miai 
of the pan of a ready i 



u|>on the possaaaion < 
u|M>u bar suc c aaa in 
joU ds m ne which modi 



Ilia to 

iu 



tUbookni 



Correspondence. 

 

NAPOLEON'S LIBRARIKS. 
TO not KDITOK. 

Sir,— You have spoken of the Bmfrnwr X»pol««»>""« 
library, but n«>t of tho one taken by (3on«ral Banni*- 
The latter, collcctwl for him by bis sister Panltnr, »•< 
on his return at the MarM>ill«-s Library, but tlar rurati 
them to Ic sent temjiorarily to his OMiniry hooai'. at 
mor«> was heani of th"'m. In llH8, Iwrnvier, JauffrH 
ft; n a sb«>lf, eoncnale«l bd 

1.. -. 'tamissi "B. P." T 

|iart of the mis-': apiian.ntly had 

" lsirro»»-w«l " by -.or. Th«'y ineliidri 

translation of Bacon's Esa«ya, and two pnaanitea bar 
mark in tho margin, as thoiiafa Booaparte ImkI he(« 
struck by tbvni. One was tbo essay " Of (trrat Ph 
the srnti>noe " It is a strange d<<a<r«< " to the one 
Seneca's Tcrsrs. It thus iadodca these words :— " ' 
unto place ia laborious, and by pains nwn oosac iograi 
ami it is soatetimcs bnsp, and by indignitits aMi 



M 



LITERATURE. 



[Janua 



QUOTATIONS. 

TO TBB IDITOK. 
8lrw— Allow ■» to iwiiit out Uat tlw oriciwii vorklon of 
Stanw'a proverbU Mcptvwdon. " Ooii tMopeim tbe wiud to tho 
•kam luilt," a|(|iciant iii 0<<<irKi> Hrrbert'ii " Jacula Priulcutum." 
Tk* iNoverb tht^re ninm ■> fuUow-it :— " To a clniM>-«lioru aiMep. 
Ood give* wteil by nmuMro." In all probability Sterne nw 
teMllW vilb HrrbeH'a work. 

Yovra teiihrnllr. G. BARNETT SMITH. 



MRS. VOYNICH AND "THE CHAP BOOK." 
TO TBI BDITOB. 

Sir,— <te rvtantiitK to Kurope afUr aome nooUia' •baenoe, I 
fimi that a tnutalation maito bjr va» froni m RaaaUa atoiy bjr V. 
Uarabin, " AtUla* PriiH<«|ia," baa iqipMrad undar my itanw in 
Mr. Flabar I'nwin'i •• Chap Book." 

For prrsonal reaanna into whidi I nead not enter, it would 
b* uB pl aaaa n t to ine to hat-* any oii« mialad into scppoaing me to 
luitr* cooaaotad tu tli« publication. I liopi>, Uiarvforv, that you 
vill alloar ae to explain the matter in your column*. 

Ib 1893 (I think) I oflTarvd to Mr. Fisher Ucwin aerer*! 
tnuialationa. lliit one waa rejected ; hut h<> for{;ot to return the 
MS., and I careU«»ly omitted to claim it. I IioanI no more of it 
till a fav veaka ago, when proof* of the rejected translation were 
lorwnrdad to bm in America, with a r«N|uo>t that I should correct 
■ad ratem thau. Mr. Finher Unwin wa«, at my re<juest, 
infonnad of my objection to the appearance uf my name in hi* 
imUication : hot had, it appeara, already iaaunl the Toluino. It 
ia only fair to him to aay that he then oiTered to pay me fr.r tlie 
MB. if I wiiuki accept money for it : but thia I could not do. I 
do not wiah to diipute with him tho povaeasion uf the story, and 
trooblo you for apace only in onlor to prevent a miaundorstamUng. 
I am, dmt Sir, faithfully your*. E. L. VOYMCH. 

M, GoMMtraat, W.C, January 2nd, 1900. 

MR. KIPLING'S ACCURACY. 

TO THE EniTOK. 
Sir,— Li a Note in your issue uf An^ist lOth you point out 
Mr. Kipling's miaoae of tke term " Hupasahtt '' in his balliwl. 
Bat thia is one of the leaat of his errun, even in " Mandaky." 
Avmaae giria, f or instance, do n<it erer wear caps (" her little 
cap waa gr««a ") or any covering to the head, nur do tliey ertr 
play a banjo or any other instrument. Nor would a Burmese girl 
•ing " Burma lo lo Knlla lo l<i " to her lovor, that being 
equivalent to what we shimM call in England a risky low-class 
mnsio-hall catch. In another tale of Burma Mr. Kipling describes 
n nvBnn as calling an bigliskman " white man." Now to the 
we are " the mf foreigners," Chinese sre the white 
, ami ao on. Turning tu India, Mr. Kipling tells us of 
• eoffea planter who rmployeil an elephant rooting up tree stumps. 
That planter muH have retired to Bedlam soon after. And in 
" VilUaai the Conqnaror " no one who has been on famine work 
kot can ace at onoe that Mr. Kipling has not the remotest idea 
cl the ayatem on which relief is carried on. His acconnt of the 
7«Nnig oBcial's procedure is, from a famine point, abaunl. 

Itat, ind««d, to na in India the way that Mr. Kipling ia 
•oeepted in England aa having a deep knowledge of Ir.dia is 
■Brpriafng. For the knowledge displayed in his taloa is just the 
koowladga of the OMea or club smoking room in the Punjab or 
W««tfc-Weit. Any one amid acquire a like knowledge in a cold 
vnlliM t'jor. I do not aay that any one could expreas thia know- 
Mge aa Mr. Kipling does. But that ia just where it is. Mr. 
WpHn g'e ^le is so furHMe, an expraaaive, ao brilliant that one 

U dnnlad into a belief that thm* is lUntli ftanaa*}, wlumiu tK«M 



Hutbovs anb Ipnbli 

Tho lull in the book world which always 
Is more nuirk(<d this year than uniml. I'ulilixh 
busy stocktaking, but are making up tli)>ii- laiiu 
arrangomculs will be lu fnco of tho oxNtiiig t 
South Africa. Many iHtukit wero held over 
but, aa one publixlmr r(>nuirke<l to un, " it 
ever," and the proHpin-ts aro fur from eiinmrii} 
volumes held over, however, will now be hron^ 
■a poaaible, though probably few Utuks will bo 
nest week or mo. Tho pnuHO will help the boo 
of some of their stock. Then, ixrrhapH, we sha 
something concerning tho publiHbers' programii 

Under the title " Maemillau'H Library of 
Messrs. Macmillan and Co. arc iiisuing a aei 
various standard works, printed from largo t; 
volume.s, at tlie uniform price of lU. 0<l. net 
books will contain neither new introtliictiouH i 
id»>a being to present typographlonlly perfect 
best existing texts. The texts will tliiiOighoi 
snperiutenile«l where necessary, by Mr. .V. \V 
preflx to each book a short bibliographie.tl n< 
volumes, " Bacon's Essays " and " Sherithin'i 
rea<ly, and will be followiHl at short inter 
" Morte D'Arthur," " Mandeville's Travels 
Sterne, Walton's " LIve.s " ond " Complcj 
horfs •• Life of Seott," Fielding's " Tom . 
" Life of Johnson," Shclfon's " Don Quixote," 
Quiiicey," onil other works that ai-c in coi; 
tlie flrst twenty-live voIuum^h, which is all • 
preaent, bo well received others will follow. 

One of the most Important contribul 
literature during the next twelve months will 1 
taining a collection of articles by well-known I 
on the Bshing and shooting of every Europi 
editor is Mr. F. G. Aflalo, and among those 
I)rei>are<l contributions are Prince D«'mido(T, t 
Prince Nikolas Ohika, Sir Henry Pottinger 
berg, nnil Count Oemi 8r.«'<dicnyi. Sporting p 
or less technical eh.inicter arc almost the only 
at proM-nt obtainable, and thes«> mendy <I 
eonntri(>s, such as the S<-andinMvian and 11 
The new book aims at being eomjirehensivu * 
and Its chief novelty will probably bo found to I 
which it will give of some of tho Central Euro 
pn'sent little known to British sportsmen. Th 
profus<dy illustnit<>d, and many of the photog 
have bueu siicfially taken for the purpose. 

Two mom volumes of Mr. Murray's nev 
press. The volumu of jjoctry e»lit«l l»y Mr. 
will comprise " The Oiaour," " Tho Bride < 
" Tho Corsair." The volume of letters c<lite<' 
will cover the i>erio<l lieginniiig with the last n 
coming down to 1829, the years during wli 
fourth cJintoa of " Childe Harohl," " Tho Pri 
" Tho Dream," " ManfriMl," " Tho Lan 
" Bep|>o," " Maxeppa," and the first tut) < 
Juan " were eomt>oae«l : y<*ars, s|M<nt entirely 
after the disastrous end of Hvron's short mar 



Jammry G, 1900.] 



I.ITKRATURB. 



•ml in bor lUtln vnluma of tmvol sh* mde ftnort) >4<rl<>ii« 
•ttompt t<i • .r r<-|>(itatioii. Tain* prklaad both Butbor 

ami tMxik VI I T>H< iirt^uiit mlltlon hM bvm Mprintod 

from thi> •< >inl tslitioii, j>iibliF«h<«l hi 18W2, nml hn« Um-ii <>illt«>«l 

by Mr. Anhcr M. HiiutiiiKilun, who Im-t iiroNliliil It with ii..tc» 
ami till intrtKlucllon. Wo gatliur that tln> tranatalion will 
Infliido Ixith til" •' nclation ilu Voynpi il'F!(|>ai{iM9 " and tho 
" Miiiiiolrt<a (le In Ciiiir d'Eapagno." fV>th IxMiIca are full of 
Intorcit, ami amoii^' other thlnK* <l««a<'rl»jo tho martyrtlom of 
AInrlo Iriiiiiao, thn ii;i<<m) of Loiila \IV., a* Ihn Qu««n of tliv 
iii;'li^ iiiiiri' court of Siittin iimlor (Hmrlo* II. MiuUiiio d'AiiliMiy'a 

11,1 It proliubly iiiui-u taiiilliar, <>s|iocially at tliU M<aaoii and In 

tliU >Uy of fulry Htoi-ioH and folk loro, aa tho ohnnnin^; author of 
•' (Iraoiouso i«t IVrfinct " ami " I<« Bollo aiix Chovoiix d'Or." 
But tho momoir" and travoU, (tinco tho rovivod critical attention 
to thoiii in Frani'o, havu otttublished tlii'lrjioaitlunaa olaaalca and 
furniahoil Paul do Saint-Victor with niatvrial for ono of hi* iiioat 
claborutu easays. 

Tho Irnnslation of M. Zola'a " FrfcomUtrf," which U to 
como from Mr. Vlik'telly'a pen after all, will proltably ap|K-iir In 
March or April. Jfliico the novplUt (jnvo hU pt-rmiiwion for a 
rovUinn of tho volume to niilt tho •niHcoptlbllltloM of the HritUh 
public, .Mr. Vleotelly has pushed on with the work nipidly, and 
Messrs. Clintto mid Wiudun nln>ady have n eoiiHidernble 
(Mrtioti of the book in tyjie. Meantime, we iinder»laii<l that tlie 
French edition of the iMHik In sM'lliiiK remnrkiibly well in Utndoo. 
The tniiisliitioii of M. Zola's " Abb«i .Moun't'M Tnuis}rr«>wlon," 
to which we roferre<l a week or two bro, will lio piibliKliitl by 
Messrs. Clintto mid Windus almost imme<liately. A trniiHlation 
of " The t'oii<iue-,t of Plnssans " is also In Imnd, but this will 
not bo publlshiHl until after " Fruitfulness " has made Its 
appearance. 

A rumour was cirouUted more tluui a year a(;o that Ibaen'a 
nest l>ook was going to be not a piny, but a commentary on his 
own work. Tho rumour is now lovivwl in a now form, to tho 
t-ffeot that '* When wo l>«ad Awako " is to be hia last play, after 
which he is froing to devote himself to writing his memoirs. His 
memoirs should make an interesting book. Ho has seen cities 
and men, and hits, as his works abiindnntly testify, an extensive 
anil peculiar knowledj;o of character and motive. .\nd if in the 
course of his confessions ho gives his authoritative account of 
the motive and meaning of his own plays, he will, no doubt, 1h> 
taking tlie broad out of tlie mouths of the militant Iliaeniti'S, but 
will >;re;>tly gratify a less esoteric circle. Hut Dr. Ibsi'n Is 
]irobably too wise n man to give away his secret. Oootlie's 
disciples argut>d and wrangltKl while (iocthe smiled with Olympian 
siTciiity and lived to the end of his long life without vouchsafing 
:i solutii>n of his disciples' dilHcuIties. And when the Browningites 
worrird the master about his darker sayings they wore courteously 
referred to the Browning S<icioty. " You hare heard of it, 
jierhiips," added Biownina unkindly. 

Messrs. Chatto ami Windiis announce a new three-aml-aix- 
penny eilition of Mr. Mullock's" New Bcpublic." Without any 
desiro to underestimate the merit of some of Mr. Mallock's later 
work, it i-annot Iw said that he has ,ever (piite fulfillMl the 
promise of tliat remarkable ]>orformanc(>. Not that it was one to 
be wholly proud of. ANIion once Mark Pattison <]uote<l a mM 
from its (Miges in a serious magazine article he was thought in 
Oxford to have been guilty of a breach of the amenities of Uni- 
versity life, so strongly did tho fundamental l>ad taste of the 
relation of tho author to tho originals of his portraits strike their 



MiMllhw 



iitUrancMi uf Mr. Rose an MMlarpieaas la tliU biMl. 
thla Ant book may be saM to raniain iaipliriUjr ttw 
thoae comeCioM ol |Hi|mlar ur esi i i wbleh Mr. 
elaboralMl is his aare aarioaa treeHwe, «WW U al*> 
their least obJMStioaabU foni liiei^lUr ImUwmoI Mr 
nation of '• ninetaMKb esntorjr rPMimi " Mr. 
attampUd to repeat tlM soeeaaa witk Um " "Saw 
Virginia," but that waa quiu " anotlMr •' 

Mr. P. <S. Kitten is tmfplmmttk^ kirn vot«M «• 
and His Illustrator* " bjr a aarioa of aboat iMrty nfr 
ill /iirnmiU, of original atodlea and akotalMs for Dtah 
trations, which will shortly be isaosd la a kamimam p 
Mr. I<«<lway. Mr. Kitluti baa alsA jtisi MapkteU a 
" The Minor WHtings of Cbarlsa DidnM " s lUa will 
the Book-Lovers' Library, amier tlw MMpieea et I 
Stock. 

It will lnt<M V to learn that a eollrrtM 

George Merfdll I' \% \* bein: pr<'|sii<<d for pi 

The compiler's great. y will be la a el e e tlon 

voluno bo unwieldy: i  un Pilgriai'a Serlp^' be 

made to his liaml. Sueb a Uuk has already been 
acroaa the Atlantic, and tbcautborlKxi rolleetion baa h 
time in the iiuikliig. Thi-n* U wrnpe fin- •••aelklnf h 
tho " Mrn<<llth BlrthtUy Book " arrangnl by " D.M.' 

Some imptirtant doeonieBta aie to be 
Soottiah History 8<iciety this year. It will 
•todents of Scottiah family biatury t» have the ! 
logical t'olloatiooa in print. Tbe onUectiooa, wbidi 
volumes, have been edit«l by Mr. J. T. Clark, tbe i 
AdvocaU>s' Library, V." ' . tbehaoMof the arm i 

first volume ami the ;." of the second are non 

the eoet of printing Ixni;.- netrnrcd by tbe ti as t sss of tl 
William Kraser umler tho generooa taraae of hia will 1 
volume of ilocumeiits illuatrating the hietory of the Sou 
in the service of tbe I iiitMl Netherlands wieM<y. " The J 
Foreign Tour in 1005 sod lildil." awl portiooa of otbai 
by Sir .Tohn Lauder, I tainhall, are also proaa 

Donald C'mwfonl is < "Journal." But pi 

moat valuable work wiil he the " Dispatcbee of the Raf 
to Queen Mary during her Keign in SaiUaniL" Tbe < 
include some nupt.ra reUtins to Mary's diroroe froia 
Tliey are for the most part from the arehivaa of tbe Vs 
include iiapers rvlatinc to the mi*ti<«i of Nieolas < 
Bishop of Amiens, as legate to the Qnem Ragant ; to U 
tions of Nio«das de (iooda, l^^ial envoy to Omen 
106l-«3, and of Vinoent Lanrao. Bjabop <il Moadnri, 
Dominate<i Cardiiuil Protector of Sootlaad. Tbe (ktoaa 
been edite<l by tho B<-v. J. Huiigaffotd PoUeo, 8.J., w 
to be able to seiul his manuscript to the printer ii 
It has also been decided, on Mr. C. H. Firth's s 
tojmblish certain unedited ur imnrfeetljr edited «p 
•' Sagotiations for the Union of KBglaM and Bceiha 
1663,^' which, acconling to Profaaeor Maw on. will thi 
of light on several matters. Mr. C. Saadfaid Tmn, of 
will tm the editor. Other works bare bean proviatooall 
by tho council of the society. A dsaire baa fia ^iwl h 
pressed that the period preceding the ReforvaUkia abM 
fully dt«lt with, and Dr. J. H. WaUac^JaMsa haaofr«i 
tion of charters and dooomeata of the Grey VHara of B 
and ttie Cistercian Nunnery of HaddlngtoB. 

Tho Scottish Text Society doee not appear to «a)a| 

popularity — iisinr *■! in a modllled srasp, of MM 

"consln ' the s i ^forv S«>cietv. The latter 

year with its nh ,' fulf. and a li«t of aeveatiyt 

which means a aaflteient number to All tiM TaeaaBteafti 
nvi> or six yrara. Bat at the annual meotiag of tba Sea 
StK-ioly, tbe Chainaan. gaaritwa Pi of b eaei M aai n a. hi 
for an addition to tk 



96 



LITERATURE. 



[Janim 



Ifintmtr. of air Gilbert Hut* " L'Arbra 4«« BnUiilM." The 
bitt«<r wink i* Um «*rUa>»l •Mwiito «f Sooltlrii litovarjr prcac. 
U wiU b« adltad tnm tk» AMmUioHl MB. by Mr. J. U. 

auriina«; w»tt bala* U» •dit t«v> oilM* »"-V. ■^- < -.1 iu tlio 

MM Mtk— " TlM Book at tlw Oolt-r of < I - Th«> 

Book of Iks Oov«ni<iiio<- i>f Pf!iic<-^." Am.' 'v<iiiiis«><l 

^ tl» 8oeloi>- ; : » X»»w 

1NmI««wiH. to he < r. T. O. 

law : " Tto I^aM» ul Ua4» u. (•«• eriiii-l liv Mr. 

U. Orc«oi7 8aitli : " Tto ^ f .\l.\nii<li<r Hiiiik>." 

l«41tedl Iqr PratiMt 1««mjm ; iiUluMtrn " .S<-\(ni S«):ns, " Ity 
' Vf«»li>(im. of RrlanipMi ; tlH> " Ak>YutHl<-r Kxtk," liv 

< '■ " ...M-S Vf. 

I : ntiit 

hv Mr. 

Wirh 



W. A. Ol«igi(>. fnmi t ! 

•o M» writiuRo <M 4s 

lliH.hM<UHMtMlUM>al 

to Uwekiatoacenf a MS.uf I... i. 

MamuB. wWrh in lw«icTWI to Im> in Mm 

JmBM IliMMlf. aiMl ^^Utk «•■»!»» 

•ny of tJM otJier MSM. 



<il irf titr 

!i " ill III.- 



1 'Kill 



Tkt " Ki|>lii>e Primpr." aiinoiiiuivl » fi-w w«N>ks n^o, will \f 
pMUkeA hy M<>wirN. Cbatto aixl WIikIuh ahniit rtu> micfHic of 
this mnntb. 'Tin- hiK>k. «'lilrh iiti-liHlos b!bIio);rn|ihi<vtl niid 
eriticftl ehapton. an inilos to Mr. KipIiiiK's prinoljinl writinv:^. 
blbtlaKniikifla. awt two portrait*, has alrvartj api^arrtl in 
Atacrica. 

Vor kU »Mr WMkly. tb* Sphtn. Mr. Clemviit Sliurtvr lia<t 
arraaitad. apart from artiatn at tli<> aeat of war, for new* illtiM- 
vmny w«tl-kaoim artists of the fl«y--Mr. Bernard 
I, Mr. Joaapk PWin«i|l. Mr. W. T. SiiM^ltev. Mr. Hartrick, 
Mr. Bagk llioawan, Mr. StauU-y Ikrkeley, ami othur*. Mr. 
Thoaiaa Hanly, Mr. Austin Dobaon. aiul nearly all thu principal 
IJTil^ ivaaginatit-e vritars will be aawn^' Um liteniiy contrilmtor*. 
Tka papar will appaar at tha end of the |irpsant niontli. 

T1»e next riJame in Mr. Fi»her I'mwin's Sports Lil»rriry will 
he on " Football, Hoekey, and Lacrnsse." Mr. H. F. Prevoat 
fr, tbe oaa- war correepondent if the Afiinii>i<; J'ott, will 
nckajr. Mr. B. FafiMi on fi>otball. ami Mr. Isard on 
The novels of Mr. Battershy, who is a son of General 
Battarsbjr, appaar andar tiie nom dt tfu'frrr of Francis Prevoet. 

Mr. Mnrray's ww s(>rif>« of Clamical Miii>*. arranjfwl on a 
mnrti nr%tfvt, hsi ma<ic an encnnnmin); Ntart. Britannia and 
Hiapania will proliaMy be tlw next to apponr. Mr. Murmy's 
idra has biMMi ti> r«i<W»r fho well-known ami costly mniM in Sir 
William Smith"* Clamical Atlan Bv«iliibh» for wh<K>l !«♦•, at the 
aamc lem«> inmrprpraiing Jlw- ri-snlts of rorent rr'<«o«rclies. 

" An«lnilian w^|iiacting \h sink unto d»»th." Bccording to a 
book which haa been writtvn by Mr. Thomas Major, ,lato 



In<>{r<*tnr of Rnna f«>r the Now South Wah^t 
which Moaani. Maoda and Co. will publish in i 
eiititkti " Laayaa fram a .Si|iin(UT'ii N<iti>-lHiol 
ha* follownl tlH> rortum>H of .VusintliMn si|ua( 
forty yi'art. In a (cw wcs'ks' lime I lie viiiu- ii 
r«'ti(iy the Myonil voIimik- <ii " Tli,. library for V 
ixlit.*! by Mr. F. O. \ lin^ with " A 

Tb<' autli.ir Ih Mr. H. .\ . 

<>win«( tu tha amuant oi «'urk involved in 
on tlic traiwaotiuiwi of tltu rvcuitt Women's Cuii 
AlH>r(liH'n is <Hlitin^, Mr. Kishor I'nwin has poi 
licHtion until thu lLH-t>innini; o( Ft-I>ruary. 

••Tlio .Mclnal Dintctorj'" for ltX)0 han b 
to a Are nt the print<Tii, hut Messrs. .). and A. 
publiah the Tulume early iu February. 

Tlie n|>pMirancaH ot the late iSir .lamca I 
rare. Furiuips his lust wits in connt^xion witj 
to liis son's, Mr. >Stu|ilu-n Pncet, " Life nf Jul 
Sir Janies Ktroiigly onfon-oil Huntor'H dictum, " 

Messrs. R. A. Everett have in the press ii na 
entitled " itoxers and their ItHttles,'' by "'r!--: 
of " Kin^s of tliB Hunting Field '' and " K 

Messrs. I'ntiinms' Sons will sliordy i 

B)i>«com"?< " (Jrowth of Nntionslity in tlN>l'iii( 
anthor diwrtnMvt tlio coiistitntion of (he I'n 
nexion wil4i the imtionnl life whieli it Iiiim liel[ 
and with the mhmsI life wliieli hus s)iriiii)( 
Rlirjibeth t'liampney'.H " Romniie<> of the Ken 
elabomtoly illiislrated voltune dealing with 
traditions of a few of tliei<e historic eliAteniix, 
by M<*NHn. Pntnnm's this month. 

The Utc .Mr. Crai .,w, 

rpforred the othur ilay, ^ tth < 

grsphy of Mums, with n nuet iiiti'<><nu-iii>n. I 
|>rivat4- circulation only, but it is possible 
intention may not be strictly a<lber)'<l to. 

The new l)o<ik upon which Mr. Hichnrd 
onf^god will bi' calle<l " Captain Macklin 
Ailventures, by HimM'If." It will not In- oi 
yet. !>.. I'" i~ :i|.iO workingupoii a coinetly whicl 
in I 

-' .'», tlio orpin of fh^ Friends of 

no hiiiger cunliiics iti«elf to political recorils. 
Home intert^ting translations from UusNiHii i 
•January iiiiiubor, for instjiiiec, Im n tale entilh 
Children," from the Kiissian of Vladimir Neiui 
one of wliose l)(X>ks, d<-nlin^ with the Solevetst 
\^1iltc Sen. has oppeoreil in Kriglish This nul 
of hi* snoocas to his oxperieiioe as a war co 
liUioo-Turkish War. 

A no A- voliuoo of rente Tjy Mr. J.i 
Ir!<th (net, will bo piiblishoil alinost iiiinn 
Unwin. 



LIST OF NEW BOOKS AND REPRINTS. 



ARCH>C0L<OOY. 
Pern pan : ft* Ufa aad As^ Br 
- Mmn, TfMHtaSsa hr ». 
•xUio.. xxU..f W pp. 
Macninaa. 



n. 
ByJt M. 



iv4|ln..lMpp. . 

Bimpkin Moraban. I*. 
BDUCATIONAU 
stsiar 
i> If', /iaotflam. lliell i 




ad. Ti'Mn.. 



Au Cceop Ppala da la ForAU 

Ht I'iniillr l^moHHifr. 7i«4}in., 
311 |>|i. I'nri-. ML 

Ollcndorir. FrXn. 

rOUCLORB. 

B|||«>-R'"«-'4  <:iu... ,1. I 

lie 

•4**. -'. rr- If" '. ir»*rt. 

I'litii.iiii. <ii. 6d. 

LITERARY. 
A Baek of B«va n taaiith Can* 



iKit- 



tMMP M I laa. Ky K K. aekttUng. 
;txAit.. Ixi<. -211 pp. BoMMi, 
lin. tilnn. 

MIBCBLLAN SOUS. 
A Llat of BnrUah CI u be In All 
f*art« or tha World rop|90a 

Kr a: <' Aw^rm l^i.il, H -l./ln 



Mop* AnaK-rr~i-. "•- Rome 

Minor I'lK'N. ;'P. I.#oll- 

iloii. IKiii. .ilo. Ik. 

LIffht WInea loi- i^oi-lattnaa 
•nd After. Hv l>inii«<ill IIokk, 
*{ . 61ln. MliiliiirKli. IXK". 

Mciizlc". 1*. 
POLITICAL. 

■oara or Bnirllah Who are 
In the Rl«iii " i:,lmi,„.l 

f>rmnflttM. H" '  'ini tlio 

K'reiK b. 7i''.''! [>iiiiioM, 

mtm. I. .-. 1-. 

RBr 
La TraarUiue i 
let. Prlnoa 

Sx&tln., -JM PI' 



I'Ham- 
rnaPk. 



The Bool 
I Kmni 111. 



I'r 



1..VI. 



ld<e- -^ 

iniiiowi 

THi 

On the Ua« 
Objaotafov 
Inir. i(> I lie 

7;  .'tin.. If** p| 

i hiiirh 

Raoaaad R« 

l».n. Bixlln 

IKtO. 

TOPO 
Wltn borne 
Chrlat Chi 

!)"■ J!, v. r. 



l!itcr.itui- 



c 



Ediud by li. p. 2raiU. 

Nil. 117. SATUBDAY. JANUARY i:«. W*K 

C(>NTENTS. 

I' tl>K 

Lending: Article The Aiilhoi-^' PcriHiiiii Hcliciiii- 3» 

Personal Views "A PntlH'tk' liii|MMtutv," by Mhx 

ll.M.|l.(.|.iM 48 

Poem " <'iii'VNiiiitli(>iiiiiiiiN" Vi 

Plays and Playgoers. A I)iali>((u«, by II, H. F W 

The Literary Year In France 47 

Orabbe W 

Reviews 

lessons of thfWnr with Spnln ."«» 

I'riif. AiImt'h Antholtix'K'M ^l 

Kui;\M\ ICI<'Kii''< i -ti 

Th.' Miioi ish Kiiipliii at 

Nnvii Aiithiilii^ta <)x<iiiii>nsiM Ki 

Slmki-.Nprnii<'M Stiimcls K<-»)i»>i)l**rv<l SU 

I'liurittrii UiwsiiMil Itlt-alN of Activo (.'nreerH HI 

Kiitoii Clmich S5 

Our Coiimioii Ciirkoo mid i>(h<'r PnniKitU-nl Birdii JW 

IliixU'v -4 S<i..nti(li- .Moiiioir-v. Vol. II. SH 

Thaolocy - 

I'"m.i..' ■>-. !■•• lira :n 

1 of ( liHnliniiilr The Itilxhliiin TIii'oIdui 

.. Hiiililtm of ('hri>tfniti>iii-TlK- I'luro of 

liii 1. II - rii i.iiiKii.n ( lirixtiiiM ('hnrn>'l«r— Sln'iiKlli »i>(l l*<^"<>l> 

nicl Cn-cd" iinrt New Ht>lk'f» - Scrnionx nnd Addrt-wf" t'nfii- 

i.iiUai-TrxlM :fr, 3H. 39 

Other N«w Book* 

.l.imi'- Hai-k 'riiki- o-Ihtii iind I'riynr H^wr* or KiiicIImIi ; Who 
iirr In the Ittirht .' Vnlloniil Worthtc^ itoorirc Hiirtmimn -Our 
\uvy for IV 1'lioiiMtiitl Yt*ar^ Lui-a Slifoort'Ili \ot*'«* of an 
Oiillook oil MfcThr lEoynl AIUh of KnKl:tnd and WkIph— 

Stjiiidnrtl Dlrliiiiiarv of Ilir KiiKli"!! IjiOKllaKi' \' ..-.......^^ 

The First Strp FniMlliIlN of Clvl.s While Sr" '-- 

AdvliT lo Sliiitl"' \* oiiHMi TnivolUn-'for Kvor liii i - 

St. AiiiliroHO lIlMorv of MiHlrrii IMilloMuuhy ... i .•■ - 

I.I.iiiahllllr .Mvntnle-.Momlopt Kdiioatlon }t», <0, 41, 42 

PloUon 

1 ln..ni.l<.s of Aniil :MliuTvy Ann Itlfiiraii (illliaUi- The> I'm- 
1. -M.iMil and olhiT IVMhli- Storli* (iho»l-., iH'hiK llii' Kxihti 
I ii.r- of Klaviiiaii l*\v Kiml'.! Kolly. Mil 1 1.. I... I llradiMl 
Man Til.- ItvalM .V I,iiwfnl (rinio An A' iin-- A 

Hilli'i- ntTita'.ft" 'rri-*prtsM|.rH who worn I'ro-. Wiilk- 

in llonnty 'I'hr Knrlmnti'r Thi- Ki'sln- of ...... ....m-ns of 

Hnws Siinnlinjwvll -.\ Hnikoii l>mmiw-\ichi>lax nnd Mary, 

and olhiT .■MUloii Folk Tho llanunh Mroiito 10, .*i<), 51 

Library Notes 32, 5,3 

Coppeapondsnce ".SoiivviilrH dun Alpinlii(e''-The HMorr of 

\..iiliiiiiilHrlaiiil .V l.lti'niry ('oliu'idvnrv 53,51 

Nctes :«, 44. 4.">, 40 

Authors and Publishers iU, .V>, .'itt 

List of New Books and Reprints aa 



THE AUTHORS' PENSION SCHEME, 



It has long l)een known thnt the organization of a 
liU'vaiy pension fund, to be administered by a committee 
of moinliers of the Society of .\nthors, wax one of the 
ilierislied nmhitions of the ener<,'etic foimder of that 
Society, Sir Walter Hesant. In his contributions to the 
Authin; Sir AVnlter Ims fre(|ueutly predicttnl that the time 
would come when it would be i>0!isible for the scope of the 
Society's operations to be extended so as to include the 
collection and direction of .<incl» a fuml ; nnd it has recentiv 
been nn oiien secret timt the nttemnt was iM'inf nimle to 



pubiuhMi by ?hr linrf. 

mill oth<»r WflNknown nut Ik. r., i «t>i 

Walter Ih-Mut himix-lf. J-urtlin „„ ,.;..;■ - 

have been iiroroined dince the fir*t lial «m |. 
that we limy take it thnt tlie tncow of the rtit*- 
already iifmured. We offer our •ioecre ooOfpBtula 
it* promoter*, and triut that tliat taecrt* majrerMi 
their l»nieji and exiMi'tationii, 

The need for the entabliiihment of vorae to 
nuMt be tolerably obvioiix to every one. Kven if It 
bo not, as Sir Walter KeMUit valiantly in*i*ta th 
not. an exceptionally precarioan calling;, it i» t 
pre(.-ariou!i enough — an indi-e<l nio<<t mllin);* are 
elude tneii who, in spite of reaMmaMe iiidiul 
ability, find it difficult to make adM|uate pravi 
the time which miut come if they live long 
when the imagination Hag«, and liani vorii 
effort, nnd the younger men |iait!« them in the rac 
it ahio includes men (not alway* either more 
more industrious) who eani con.oiderahle fortun 
their liens. In nio«t other walks in life — be it 
soldiers, or stock-brokeni, or Mlicitory, or con 
travellers, or tutors — there is a certain .«oli 
ment which lays ujion the fortunate tin 
make some organized effort for the relief of ll.  
It should be the same with authors. In the ol 
when authors were few, and moctly jioor, an 
unorganized, it was, of course, difficult for ai 
solidnrity, even if it evicted, to find any practical 
sion. Nowadays there are plenty of authom. r 
them reasonably well-tc>-<Io. and in the Society of 
they have their organization ready to liaml. It 
that they should use this organization for the pu 
mutual help in other matters beside* the def 
liteniry prop-rty ; and thi> mutual liplp en' 
useful form than a well-coiisitlfreil nTnI jini 
istered |iension scheme. 

Nor is then* any weight in the objei-lion • 
for the assistance of im]ieiunious authors ar>' 
existence. Quite a|mrt from the natural view t 
for the Ivnefit of authors ought to W under the 
of authors, and also mainly »up]iorted by i 
there are good reasons why neither the Royal I 
Fund nor the Civil List Pension Fund <| 
the necessities of the case. A i^iuiderable , .. 
of the Civil List Pensions are given to peo]i 
have no connexion whatever with literatnn*. 

iIpaI nf the nionpv cntMi to tlip B-iHna-,! nf nnKi 



so 



LITERATURE. 



IJaiiuiir 



pMMkMU cicarlv do not cover the nme grouiul aK will thtwe 
whkth tbe SodflCy of Authon hopeit to give. Tlie Koynl 
UlHtV7 F^UkI, on the iither liatid, doe« nut give |ien8ion8 
at tilt but onljr dole* fur the relief of exce|ttioniil (iintreM. 
it V1U reprenented. at the laot annual dinner of the fund, 
that the tructee* had more money in Imnd than they 
knev witat to do with. That being the cane, it would 
tvrtainly be a graceful act on their |Mrt to devote a jiart 
of their r«-venue to yuhex-ribing to the jientiion fund of the 
Society of Authom. But it cannot be said that their 
operation* and that of the |troi>o«)e<i |)en»ion fund cla«h in 
any way. 

In concluidon we xhoald like, in a spirit of the 
grMteat friendlinei^s. to make two ^ugJ;^•^tions, the adoption 
of which, we are jieniuadetl, would help mnteriaUy in 
making the M-heme nuccexsful. The firet is that it should 
be made clear that it will not be neces.<ary to jirove 
•baolute indigence in order to become eligible for a 
pensioD. It i> not easy to arouse jieople's interest in 
)>en!tionK which will never come to them unless they need 
them in order to keep IxkIv and soul together. The 
pension which may be relied uiton as a convenient 
supplement to a small income is likely to excite a 
far more widespread enthusiasm. In the second place, 
we feel strongly that there ought to be some rigid rule 
excluding from i>artici|>ation in the benefits of the pension 
fund all thooe authors wiio have not saltscribed to it for a 
stipulated number of years. The minimum subscription 
demanded need not l>e very large. A guinea a year, 
perfaaps even half-a-guinea a year, would suffice. But 
some such stiitulated sul>scrii>tion there certainly ought to 
be, not only in order to ensure the steady increase of the 
(■a|iital of the fund, hut also in order to keep up the self- 
respect of the beneficiaries. 



After looking at the Society of Authors' Pension 
Fund ^'cheme one naturally looks to see whether the 
matter is better ordered in France by the Socictc des 
tiens de I^ettres, which has had such a scheme in o{)era- 
tion for a good many years. The French rule is that 
every one u eligible for a {tension of 30()f., provided that 
he has attained the age of sixty, and l>een a member of 
the .Societe for twenty years. There is no incjuiry into 
eitfaer tbe needs or the merits of the cases, but members 
are pensioned, as fast as the funds ai-e available, in the 
order of their seniority ; though, as a matter of i>ractice, 
members who do not nee<l {Mansions waive their claims in 
favour of those who do. The Knglish method of exercising 
discrimination in making the awards will have tbe 
advantage of enabling the Committee to give pensions 
large enough to be useful as well as omamental. .Most of 
OS, in our youth at all events, would prefer the diance of 
• pension of a1(X) to the certainty of a pension of £12. 
(>D the other hand, the French adhesion to the principle 



the latter of tliese indices only ap]>ears o 
the former only at intervals of severnl yei 
new venture will serve a different pur) his 
a different pulilic. It sliouM Ix- iiu)>t 
readers who, while unable for on«' reus( 
glance through all the ujugnzines, do n 
anything of importimce or anything de 
(Mi-ticular sjiecialties or hobbies in any of 
lie still more usi-ful if, while avoiding lu-t 
include<l brief notes, giving a Ix'tter dii 
mention of the title can fUpjily to the 
articles n'ferretl to and the lines on w 
subjectii are treated. 

Must slang be derogatory to the dign 
There is surely a touch of eigliteentli-ci 
Mr. .1. (". Bailey's contention, in the Fort 
jiermaneiit literary value of Stevenson's le 
liy the (X-'casional api>earanoe in them of 
gant slang. Expressions like ''Tliat'sgu 
and " .Merivale is a liowling cheese'.' mn_' 
opinion, " lie ])leasing enough to the ori 
dent," i)ut they "will not do in a book tin 
read fifty years hence." " Pleasing " is 
epithet we should ourselves have selectee 
the first effect of these peculiar ])hnises; 
it lie sup))0sed that they will jar ui>oii the 
more than ujion ours ? Hither tlie slang \ 
Mr. Bailey will then have become an int 
language, or it will have liecome nn 
curiosity interesting to the anti(|uarian, 
shocking the critic. There is plenty of si 
that have stood the test of time — '• Zod 
fish" are instances that come readily to m 
it be fatal to the abiding interest of old 1 
its way into them as tlie expression of om 
sidefl ])ersonality. If the world values tl 
a whole, it will hardly lx» "put off" 1 
"first chop" or •' howling cheese.*' 



1Revtew8. 



maa^M^m tgiTMdn'^M 



■\r\\.'ii 



iwiitila in ifit f»x'r\»t^ ntV*in\\ 



LESSONS FOR THE Til 

Leasons of the War with Spain, an( 
Hy Alfred T. Mahan, D.C.L.. LL.D., ( njx 
Nnvy. S)<."iUn., xvi. 1 ;CJI |)|>. I^iikIihi, ISllIl. 

Samps< 

Captain Mahnn's works, from the fir< 
" Infliience of Sea Power on History" to 
is mainly occupied with the Spanish-.^ 
1898, derive their value not from novelty 
To the few strategists wlio iiad though 
war Captain Mahan's fir.«t volume n 
principle. They found it helpful by its 
enunciation and copious illustration of 
they recogniiied as sound, and from this i 
the reputation which Ca|itniii .Mahan dcs 
In this country, and in the British .Nn 



Juiiuiiry 13. ll'Oii. | 



IJIKKATIRR 



enemy 'm navy Iihn Imiii )MTV(Tt*-(i into the •bntmlitj that 
tthore defenrcM nrf of no va)iH>. Thi" prfn^nt voliinif* 
Pxnoiu>H tlio futility of lw>fh tliexc fnlxe conc-t'ittionx, and 
will OHNiMt th<* NfrioiiM !itn(lt*iit)« of war in tliiN country to 
take ft juxt vifw of xorni' of tlicir Htnit»'^ic(il nHMitorc 

MhIiiui'h lirxt iliK-tritii* u tlint war can Im> Ifarnctl, nnil 
that, ^rcat rm Ih tin* vftlu<* of actuni MTvici*, tli<> riglit plnce 
to learn it ix in tin- htudy, tii^t l>y tnai<t)-rin^ trcntiufi* on 
tlif }irini'i|)!eH, tlicn by the ili-tiiilfd wtutty of carniMiif^nM; 
that the kiiowleilp' thus ftrcjuired niu.st Im* ili^eHted ; luid 
that " di>,'i>Htii>n hy other minds laii in nowihe take the 
l»lftt'e of aHHiniilation i«'rlornied by one'it own mental 
profeHneM," for " war is a matter not merely of knowledge 
and of genemi |irinei|>lei<, but of nound judgment." He well 
ilhmtrates the way in which the judgment if formed by 
hiH aiialyniH of Cervem's ditticultics on the voyage to 
."^antirt;,'o, and .says at its close : — 

In tho hImchco of ciTtnin knowlfMl);t'. I'oiijpi'tiiral opiniona, 
NiK'h AH Uitt writnr Iiiin Iiith Kliiml, iiro not uiii>riilita>)li<, rathvr 
tlui r«)vor»o. To fonn tliom, tho writ«r nnd tlio reader plnce 
thtiniNtilvoR |)orforce iit-nrly in Ccrrora'd nctiiiil |io)iition, nnd |«w 
tlinin):h tlii-ir own minds thx Krist of unnolvod iliniciiltic* wliich 
I'onfronted liini. Tt>i> ri-«nlt of snrli a process is a niurli nioro 
roal ini'Mtal josrpssion tliitn is yiolilwl li_v K (piiot jM-rusid of nny 
iiMo»'rtiiino<l fiicts, IxK-ansi- it invnlvfH nn iir;;iiniont»tiTe cnniider- 
iition of oppoMin^' rondiiions, and not n inoro {tMeire aooeptnnc* 
"f statuniunts. 

An regard.x the theory of war, the writer lays great 
einphftsis ajKin a few leadin;,' ])rinciples. That war is a 
means of national self-a.>«sertion conceixt-d of as the vindi- 
cation of right ; that it implies oHcnsive action, and that 
the only nal defence consists in striking down the adver- 
sary ; that the cardinal virtue of military action is the 
concentration of purjKJse, and therefore of force; and that 
t lie first and great objective is always the enemy's prin- 
cipal force — these are maxims which ]ieacefully-disiM)8ed 
nations are always forgetting, and of which they should 
ever and anon l)e reminded. 

('ai)tain Mahan is most anxious to pertiuade his 
countrymen not to build their battleships toci large. He 
lays down the i)rincipl.' that a warship should be built for 
a sjK^citic strategical and tactical pur|)ose. and that, in a 
ship intended to be a unit of the battle-fone, olfensive 
jKiwer— that is. gun-jKiwer— is more im|)ortant than either 
sjjeed or protective armour. The objection to liattleships 
of too great a si/e is that the numl>er of units is thereby 
reduced and the power of variety in combinations dimin- 
ished. .Much interest attaches "to the full explanation of 
the necessity for shore defences in order to free the fleets 
to act against their true objective, the hostile navy. The 
argument is summed up in the i>a.«sage : " The besit 
defence for one's own shores is to harass and seriously 
threaten those of the op|)onent ; but this best defence 
cannot be employed to the utmost if the inferior, pa.ssive 
defence of tort iticnt ion has been neglecteil." 

Captain Mahan's volume is at the present moment 
the most useful lwi>k that could he put into the hands of 
British readers, save and except only some of the Knglish 
volumes to which he is in jwirts deeply indebted : for it 
lK)ints out how national indifference to jirejiaration for war 
may embarrass n nation when war has become inpvitAblo. 



throagh which th» British nalioa ii now pmimm, 
cloM* Kttuly of ('«|i(«in .MahanV voiam* veaM B* 
grpatMt UMo t(wiay to all ' ^ ho an* in any va 

npon to helit in guiilint; -I of ftwling «h 

war in •'^utn Africa hit* arouM^t, and which, unb'** 
by knowlnlge and judgment, may IokI <ir.-t>i Krlt 
further (>mharni»»ment». 

The distinction tietwecw tb* politi< m nno lh#l 
meanings of the word "tkifeoG*," and l»t«evn | 
aggression and the n 'ffiraaiv*, i« «*U «t|lh 

the last essay, whirl, ,. mnd* Mtorflcvt «f| 

of the relation l>efwe«>n strategy and policy. Th 
on the I'eace ('onferenc«> is worth rmding tar its ti 
u|Km the true place and function of war in tho ajp 
the world, and u|)on tlie ne<-essity for war M in I 
resort the only means l)y which right ~ttnniwa 
upheld. Notliing has heea morp injurious to ! 
national life than the abwDce for many yean ol 
conception of the place of war in tiv moral 
Captain Mahan is perha|>s indebtitl for his own la 
correct ideas on this subject to European writcfa, 
forcible presentation of his views make* bis eaaaj w 
and shoulii earn for it at the present moment a ve 
circulation both in (ireat Kritain nnd the Colonie*. 



TWO ANTHOLOaiES. 



Britiah Anthologies. VII. 
Kn.vlTU) A. II. VIII. Tt..- l'o|»- 
h:<lit4><i liy Profeaaor Bdward 
312^ 312 p|>. I^ondon. INUU. 



The I>rvdef» .\nl 
.\nthol<,^v. I7nl-r 

Arber, l^.S.A. 
Frowde. 2 6m 



Tho plan of this seriaa, as we hare alreadv pninta 
our previous notice, is to give a suney over Um> vhok 
Knftlish lyrical (loetry, and such pieoes of otiiar kinls ai 
Inn^ur than a few ]ia){e«. We must not b* sorprtaeii, th«-r 
a pvat diircnticv of inlareat in th* Tolamea. The** t« 
no mean* so intnrpstinn in tb*m**lv** a* tho** wkidi w* i 
lately, bat that is not the compiler's fault : aaii thejr ai 
necessary to the student. 

Tlie chaneo in tone which oooM* aT*r pottaj in tb 
teenth century is here atruiiglyiuarhed. Ttar* is very littl*i 
of foolinf; ; most of th* pi*e** ar* artiMrial. erwi to I 
names of pervons ami form of composition. Uo* somi wi 
the continual stream of HtrapboBs and Pbjrllida*. of ssn 
nymphs ami shephacdcase*. Even Dr7«len is not rohnst 
to shake off the*e tnunnt*!*, though there is m<«« t**li1 
work than in moat of those who folhm These paf** 
inailei|uato iil(<« of Ih-yrlen. He dotsi not •hin* as a Im« 
he is too liurly to dano* th* minoei. He is morv at he 
sea n^ht. or amid th* glorias of Alexamler'a K**st. T 
other strong men in the Dryilen Anth»ia^. sack as 
Marvell and John Bnnyan. It is true Banyan's Apology 
Rook is not poetry, but it is well worth includinit aa a 
viKomuR vers*. Addison's spiatla to Unahef w U «■ U 
Kn^lish Poets, ami tho Dak* ol Baekiagham'* |N*g* 
VIII. on the election of a Pnet l,*arMt* an ia 
showing contemporary criticism. It is aninsing to i 
with Swift's " Hattis of the Rooks." (>t« raaa 

two |iooms only, one of which (" I dill but lo > reai 

is quite goo<l. Isaac Watts appears in a ne 



32 



LITERATI HE. 



! Juiuiar 



upid f*lk Mlt«|> awl ia timii|Nd hf CUo«, and m 
in FaniuliM''* wonU. 

A trUlinir ••nK tou ahsll haar. 
~ I «ith • tnlU, anil cnil«>i. 



fat> 
tank. 



*••« i« an »i(<»|i|j«n. Hi* " RuiMior thmi the Cbern- " li»a th« 
rifiit riBtt, mmI " Sltdly Mo|r." if iinp<>lii>li<-il. ia nincaru. In 
iKKk Toiionaa ■own of tb* fc««t piaoM ar* ■nonyiiioun. W* lta\-«, 
farwtaMpb. Um "Bailiira Dauirfitar of I«liiiKt<>i)."  As I Wan 
!<iMmf on th» (traaa," tha •' Viear of Hray," " William aixl Hi* 
MsntarH." anil " Tha CubUar'a Ko<l." B»«i<lea IImnm may be 
Menliouail Kio)din;{*a " HiuitiuK Suik " aixt Henry Carry's 
rullieking poMoa, with " (iixi Sa\-o Uiu Kinj; " and Thomson's 
" Rula, BriUuuiift." A f««- imitation* <>f AiiacriKiii ami Sapiiho 
■!« futintl, an<l a cterar burleaque by Nicholas Itowp, <if Jhtnn- 
•irfl-t rmm tibi ; a tlialo^ne between Tonmin, tlio printer, and 
i\in|;rprt>. Scotohmwi will li<> pleased to see their Allan Rainiiay 
and a f«w diahct |)oems liy other writurt. 






I-Uiitmi liy J. O. Bailey. Sv.i., xll\ .  
Lane. 6. - n. 



Ik i« not ao easy aa it niif^ht aeeno to say itflf-IuuHl esavtly 
what an •''e;;y is aad what it ia not. The «lerivation of the word 
saams, iwlve.l, t<> leave no <k>ul>t upon the matter. The Greek 
would tell u« that it ia a lautent : "a mournful soufj," says 
Johwoa, vhoae " Dizoiiary." aa the ezcollout .Miu Pinkerton ~ 
tbat friend of tite great lexi»;.Taphfr— was accustouietl to sjicll or 
at lea at to piononnoe it, is still a fairly trustworthy piidc in moat 
■natter* that are purely literary', lint it is too fsmiliirly kiiow-n 
that doctors disafrriy in all (Miints when- ilifa|;ti-«*mi-iit is humanly 
poaiib'.f, aa well aa in fonu- whi'n- om- would think that it is not. 
TIraa C'oleritlgp, whosf authority can lianlly Ix- disrcjpinlwl, 
<lpfin<>a an rlc^ as " tho form of |KH'lry natural to the n-flf ctiT«> 
miod," and aakis that it " may troat of any tuhj(<ct, but it must 
tiT«t of no subject for itsplf, but ulirays anil oxclusivfly 
with rffiTpncp to thi* |ioi't himself." »'<• »hould ht' inclin<'<1 
to n-»«T\c thii definition for lyric verw, of which tin- fUfiy is 
Mat<>ly a aob-dirihion. Tint" Shelley's b<>autiful lines " written 
amoniE thr Bu|>anean Hills," an<< Keats' ronnet " On first lookinf; 
into Chapuian's Hooht," and Tennyson's "Two Voices," come 
within the ico|ie of Coleiitlge's definition, but it is not eany to 
 ■ppnai' tbat •■rcn Coleridp*, with all hia immense talent for 
nabalous ways of looking at thing*, would ItRve cHlled tlx-m 
e len ia a . 

A* Mr. Btil<>> pa'ltinently inquires, " .Vre we always 
nalwpiiy when thinking, and es|iecially wImmi thinking of our- 
M>lv«-a ? A tbooaand tang* of joy are the Miflicient proof of the 
oontmry. " He goes on to cmmenil Sheiistone's good s«-nse in 
<l<4niag ekvy as " any kiml of tubject tteat<<<l so as to <litl'ure a 
lilpnaing mrlancholy. " Then- can be little doubt tliat tlw avc>rage 
man, when ho hewn elegy iiM-ntione<l, thinks at oiio- of fuch 
por«M aa " Lycidaa," " TLyrsis," ami "Adimais.'' In making 
his aek^tion Mr. Hailey baa accotdingly cunhned hims«>lf to tlM> 
" eingtt- kubjpct uf death ami the deail, th4> most fretpient and 
obvi^na of all subjecta of <'li-gy. ami that in wl.ich it Irnji a<'liiev<<«l 
ita moat B|ilen<tid triumph." Herein we are of opinion that lu* 
lias bevMi very wim-. It is much to be wislu-d that tlie aiithologii<ta 
wbo art' so nunM-rous and enthusiastic at the pre«4-nt moment 
wrrnM m«n- fnH|iM>ntly c<iiit4-nt tlwmselves with a »ingl4> division 
<h iw othtY iNN-try, iiist4-ad of usually chfM»ing to roam, 
ynnng hnrer in Blake's pretty TOt*c«, from tiumct to 
Howrr, quite ie|iatdl«Mi of the nnmbtT of hn« tliat may already 



._._ .11 tt 



aa rh'gy, which, by the lawa of the game, i 
lesulta of ih-ep and sinca-n* ftM-ling. " Tlie ii 
grief ia, tlie lesa obvious shouki be the metric 
the heroic couplet, for instance, ia at once rule 
court. •' A fitt«'r metre for tlie uttitmnce of sti 
a stansa aa MatUiew .Vmohl has employo<l in 
serimi ataiixa whirh Shelley chose for Adoiiai 
metn- of LycnUs." In the last-nameil |MH>ni, i 
common oonstMit the liigliwater-mark in tliih 
HpiHireiitly unstudied clmract.-r of the rliytli 
H quite iHHMiliar pUngeiicy to the " niel<Mliou 
We do not know, it is true, that Milton was n 
in hia Inmint for tlie loss of K<lwHn) King t)i 
mourning over the premature ileoeMse of Kicli 
expresaed in a sonnet of singularly jH-netniting 
For once the eynie lias no eliaiice of slipping 
|iarentlicaea on this Mibj«><-t : it ennnot h<* do 
of the niiMleni elegia<- verse is the lioni'st on 
grief, and there is no room for the too I'omiii 
it is Wf II for art that the nrtifit should himself fi 
he desires to convey to his n-ader. Not to i 
that have alrfady btH>n mentioned, then- is, wc I 
that Mieli smaller geniK as Lamlor'N exquisite hi 
Arnold's '• Re<piiescat," and Wotdsworth'n 
Luey werp writtL'n under tlie immetliatii stimi 
.\ll those, with m*ny other lieautiful and le?»s f» 
bo found in tlie adminibly printiMl imges of Mr 
and scliolarly niitholog}-. 



HOROOOO. 

The Moorish Empire, liy Budgett 
1I."> llliisliatioiis. S'. ."'.ill., xxiii. • .")"<! pp. I 

Son 

Mr. Hiidgett Mcaliiii is to bi* envied foi 
wide gap in historical lit^-rature, and congrntiil 
in filling it. Of course, there are other booki 
Morocco in French anl Knglish, In-sides » 
captivity or travel. For the eightt'cnth cei 
years ago Pellow's experiences, edited with ini; 
late I>r. Koliert Hrown ; nml for rec«tnt i-vents 
Ih-iimmoiid Hoy's r.'ministH'iices. Hut there w 
history, and Mr. Meakin's is a continuous t 
with the (Jartliaginians and he comes down t 
affair ; and, liesides a rapid but fairly coin] 
political liistory, cranimid with facts and d.itt 
by hiiiidreils of rofermicus to authoritiis, he li 
<in the Moorish govoriimciit, on tliu ('hriHtian 
Kovers, <liploiiiatic relntioii4, rights of foreigni 
with a iiiiiht uxeriil bililiography. with sliort ci 
on Morocfo. The value of tho wurk is eiili 
historical aii<l genealogical tables and maps, 
increased by a large niinibur of excellent illiiKti 
omisaion we have iioticwl in the apiiaratiis 
t4-nts ; and the nioHt obvious superfluity is th 
himself on tlie title-page author of three l)0< 
y< t bien I'liblishiMl. Antidating publication 
" previonsiies* " of jirophewying authorslii| 
expeii.'iice aa editor of the Ti iiu-n uf Miniicco I 
him the risk of antici]iatinu evmts. 

The historical section will lie of real i 




.--^ * '^ 



Jamuupy i:J, 1900.] 



LITKHATURE. 



oonvuy, but hii (light error U opra to miiif«n»trtiftl<>D. H« 
"tuttiN t>Mt thii Aiuliio of Moixioco it a vory imm ilialutrt, Init, do 
liir UN wu imii <li'oij>lii<i' Ilia oi>in|ilinnt.><l niul |itfuliar IraiikliUia- 
tioii, tlio Ai'sliiu lit< writvw i> l-oi taiiil}' not aLX'onliiiK to tb* 
litiirnry it^iiilunl. No Arnli hoiiIiI wiit» of thn i-aliph hi lli>)>'>v>, 
or (lilt llnja/. for HiJAX, MAuwIa for .Mii'4wiyA, Kanar for K 
• I llilkiiii for i>l-Hni(Hiii. Ttlrllt iliii /<iiil for TArik ilni Xi>a,t, 
l>aliliiH for liuliiim, iiiiiilhillifii for iiin'o Ihilhiii, 'AImI I'l Wiilililil 
lor 'AlNl-<il-U'ikhiil, Kitttili itixl Kntili for Fath. Kl KiUhlya i» • 
iiiiNtalco for lliii-ol-Kiittvii (" loii of tlii< fi-iimlu Qoth "), «ii<l Idn 
ll:i''/.iiii (|i. 'JT) ii> n iiiiH|>:int for lliii-Hnyynn, wbiitt tlit< I'.nn- 
i.i|>li follouinc th.' iiHiiiu, tlioii;;li |ir<>ft'iuuMlly from I'l-Maltkiui, 
> ''., from (iu,vniigi>!i' traiiHlutiun, in iiiifoitiiiiutol.v Korltlml or 
:iltort>il ill uliiv(<ii [>liu-<»i in thiitM<ii liiiuii. Tlio i:>i<.'ri|itiou of the 
roin taigruvocl i>n p. 47 »• wroiijjly traniiluttMl ; tha 'All Kt tho foot 
of tho I'livtirsv in a proper iiniiio, not tho |>ru|HMition 'alii, and oan 
liavu no gramiimtioal oonnoxion with tlio mar);inal inscription. 
Tho mint kIiouIcI Iw rviiil TiulKhn, not Hoil'it, aa conoctml by 
M. Lavoix mill Hti'i>pt4>il by Profoanor liiino-Poolu. Tlio coin on 
|>. B6, iloHcrilH-il ua it " illnilr of YAnof bin Tiiahfln " in loally a 
I'oin of tho Aliiiohitilo caliph Alui-Va'kiib Vimuf, onti tho truniila- 
tion of tho coin on p I'M lonvo* out the wonli Kl-Ku'iiii bi-'amri- 
llah. Thono orroni aro onoii(;h to nhow that tho t«ixt r\'i|nin>ii a 
' aicful rovixion Uiforo tho noxt tHiition in printuil. At tho ramo 
tiino it woiilil Ih.> woII to oon-oot such alipii an " habit^nto* " uu'l 
Alfrotl'B bishop '• Anchor," whiint " Anniin Hujinu> " in not 
I'Von (lu};-[iBtin. Wo would alnn upiH-al to Mr. Mvakin to ncou- 
flidor his coinplicntod and to iin frankly iinilitolli;:iblo ny«toin of 
tnui'ilitoration. \V« can soo no object in i1 for w, li for 'ain, and 
apiMirontly li for l»oth nhort and long foth ; whiUt tho onip'oy- 
iiiont of o to roproNont l>oth " niabah " and •' khafdnh " i* ihntriic- 
tiv« of noiMiiato trHiislitoration. Noithor tho Ncholar nor tho 
ordiniry loador will ivlinh tho ftulwtitution of 'Aoliiniii f.)r tho 
familiar 'L'loiua, nor doun it in tho loant reMtmblo tho pronuncia- 
tion in any dialect of Arabic with which we are ac(|u«int«)«l. 

So far wo have ro)(artle<1 Mr. Meakin'n liook from the |Miints 
of viow of the Orientalist, and of tho historical student, ami to 
thum tlioi'o is no doubt that it will prove a valuable work of 
loferonoe, not only for itself, but for its referoncos to original 
iiuthoritioH, thoii^di it wouKI lie tho lietter for a ndnute revision. 
It will intoroMt. Iiowovor, a much wider circle, and the general 
public will tiud a poit deal both to astonish an:l to amuse in its 
I'lirious reconls of .Moorish l>arliarilies and occentricitiei. The 
>'hapter on the Christian slaves forms a tragic and dismal com- 
mentary on the im|iott<nco of Kuro|io. Tho rei;;n of terror of the 
oxecrutilo Mulai l.siiiail so successfully imprensetl the Christian 
Powers with Moorish pie.itige that many of them )>aid ref;ular 
tribute' or blnckiiiail (or a century to e.sca]Ni the liopreilationa of 
the pirates : — 

With the exception of Hollnnil. wliicti |viid fi.'AK) n v«>«r 
from an early di.te to Irtlo, it was pridiably tho tnulin>> cities 
of Soutlutrn KuroiK< which sot the Iwd example. Thus we have 
Venice iindortiikint; (l"3i) to pay oO.OUt) sequins down and 
10.000 a year, besiilos a pre»«'nt of 6O,00U to tho Sultan, with 
]irosentN for his chief wife, and o.(HIO .ii'ciuina to the warcor. . . . 
On the other hand, Sweden, which had >:ot otT for t"».000 a 
year in Swedish floods, refiisetl payment altogether when 
tiiistavn.s Adolphiis came to the throne, sending pre.ieiitn 
only. Hut the ohi terms were nv-inforced (lt4U:(), (lavment to 
l>e made publicly on St. .lolui'a I)i»y, with $>:t,000 to ?4.1KI0 
for tho orticials. This disgraceful contribution was coiitiiiuod 
to tho middle of the century (1814). a.s wa.« aNo the tribnte 
from Denmark, c.ri;;inally assessed at t"t.(M>0. Sanlinia was 
one of tlio latest to ctiuie to terms, acreein^ to pay the last- 

11 imOfl slim lit. Olldl l*lllVIUm ttf ,i,^iiulll Vruiit*n at. rtnLt tin.n •-,«i,l 



c<i«i it* ituttHir InlUilt* Ubmir. W* |«o)i forage 
to It* two oompaaiMn roltuMc, on " T 
Biwl " Th* Muira " thomaalvM. The •" 
 " InirniDH i|UMti»n " Mor* long « 
"vh*u*tMl if til* uUior voloiiMio «r* •* Um.<"h^i> •< 
Tlie Empire of Maroo«o." 



rth 

4, 

•lo 



OXrO&D SOHOLARBHIP 



Nova Antholoffta OxonloniiUi. rr.>ii.ui >..ii. i 
and Ijitin \'t'i-M-. KiliUtI by Robliwon BtUa. 1 
A. D. Oodloy, M.A. ^<^tka...ntvu «»shinl. KM 

OtumtOan Ftm 

If any •mo pvi»r itupp>a«il thai tlw* art uf (tiinrli 

vrrx-iiuiklnK wa» likely Ut fall into ilUina*. IkU ai.- 
eonvliici- liiiii nf hio inUlake. Hrrv mv Ii*t<i ala.^ 
tioiK by more than fifty dlA'niil wrll<T*, all of wU «, 
i-xeepl lou", nr«i liviiiK j aiMl f<>r icmeo and ■rlMiiar 
pieiiM will l>«*ar cmniMrlMHi with any pwnrlti— joHi 
nilxbl Ite uiIiUmI that tbt* llftv lr»ii«bit>>n> •Hilr i »i| ania 
no iiH'«ii% cxliniist, th<> s> m Oslo 

iiiimlH'.'ii inlxlit In* irreatly it.. , :.tu>*Ul<>r I 

jo^ni'd Imt foretM with tlH<in, IIm' alliami* would alMMr ( 
iiuikiii;; floiirUlMxt as abuiHlaiilly nitw a* in lb>> ilajrw t4 
mill Cuniiiirton. Hut we wt'nt mil «|i>«k al larvr ia 
Ibenrl. It «4TV>>v, as HatHMi niiichl ••y, Ifir <M)||I 
oriiaiiH-iit, and It Is not only folbiw<il l>y wh'ailaai 
i-olli-uf tiilora. but it rflain* lia fa»rinali4Ni wilk Mm 
piihlii- l!ri>. 

The new aiitholoK>' lin<i iimiiy iiM>rl(<. For nnr Ihi 
eviib-nlly In>«>ii iililol with exln-nit* r»ff>— a vprr 
pre4-aulion eonxiileriiiK llif* slrnnjp- »li|i« that rvpu w* 
will oecasionally niake. If i>ii<'«> or Iwioo an i-f— 
^iiuHil to ehallcniti' orttlrinai, wi> liavp fimml oi 
I lint in oneli cnso tlierc Is in n*alily nothlnK tn rrim i 
we nr<< iiicliiHNi to Ibiiik. Ti-nnyson'* lioP«. " f^ mr 
ty|H\" iiatiirnlly KiiKifesi !•' 
half eonvertetl to another ' 
Another oxeelleiil feature 
thoroii(;hly suitable for i 
eoriiiNl, I lie elioiet' of Hiieh l»in< 

mainly to fthakeK|H-are aixl iHir ' 

iimiiy a set of Latin vetM-s liaa faileil fnwi Iba* ak«<cr lai 
of elotliiiiK the Kniclish originiil in a Ijilia limai. , 
piertw art- r<>lMl(>re<l in a pl<<n»iiiK variety of mrtre. Hi 
inMiliIi*H. ami ol«T{in»"< hoKI their own. a.o nn«> wraiT' 
ill the very en>aiu of thi* (i>lliH-tion ar«- lyric* nl .< 
l.rfilin ami flrerk, ami TheiM'rilean autl Horatiaii lu 
Perlia|iM the voliiiue as a wiiole ntlher larlr< linnn 
hiiiiioroiiN eh'UHMit it re|ir«>M>iit<<<l, mil. in<l' 
xcaiilily. by Frofe<«ior Limliiay's Plnutine ven- - 
PrtifoHMir Hanlie'?! Horatian liexaateleni (rooi Iko 
Siiolio." ami Mr. Herln'rt Kicluinh' tri»'l"i>' • 
•' Xortlu-ru FaniKT "' ; awl tlH're are no • 
epi|;niui. However, if <>im> inmi cann»t lie eapn'<^< im... 
neither can fifty. Pmliably, iIm< eoiiUikHtnrs «<>r«> 
s<>iid tlH'ir lii>^t, wilbimt refen-mi- to e<«an|)r and ' 
as tlH<y ineliHle, IM-Kiiles tin* two i-<liiawi*. Mirk > 
Mount, Mr. Kxelyn AI>Im>II. Mr. .V. KMmrirk (au t 
ailoptiitn), Mr. Barton. aiHl Mr. Stiinrl Jf>i«o«, the •! 
olivioiisly hich enoujsh. (>!»<• •»-l 
Is-iliir Olio of the few extant exa 



34 



LITKHATlHi:. 



[Januarv 



ttuvBM OS tkt Pktraix ami the Turtle :— 



Il>'aill\ I null 



I.I 



"y. 



!• - lir. 

Itiiilh ■« now the |>i. 

Ami thn Hirtlr>'« |o\ i ^i 

-I. 

' 'y '• 

1 H.i> 1.1 tluir iiiti 
1 1 u.i« itiArriitl rhn~ 
Trill li iiwy M-oni, liiii liiiiiini lie ; 
Iti-itiiiy limt;, liiil 'I is mit sho ; 
Trill li mill iK-niity liiiri<tl Im>. 
Ti« I hi* urn lot thiiM> n-|Hiir 
That an" I'iihi'r triio or f»lr : 
For (bono ito«<l liirtln sigh • pniy(>r. 

Hir rlaiisiim ciiHTt-* toncnt nopiilrbro 
Tt>ri qiii<li{tiiil hnlx'lvc riirtim rari, 
iiiiicta sim|ili<-ilnl<- i;mtinriiiii. 
plio-iiiris m|iuit fiivilln iii<l»s. 
iIIikI liirtiiriit iii&li-h- iiuii<|uaiu 
pi-<-iiii> |M-r|H-( imm fovct ■|iii<-lfiii. 

»i |Mlst flUH-m IIOII llUIIWnt iH>|Hlt<-H, 

iM-4{iii<)i:siii ciiM-rili fi'riinliir iirliiM ; 
|MiNl (iiiiiiliia fjiNlilas iiiaiii-lKit. 
I. vcrtim till! );l<>rinn> : lion p<it. 
iarlol •«• voiiiiM. nt veniistn non <^i : 
rt veriim «•! vtiir» hie ^imlll |iromuii(iir. 
«'rK»> uriiniii r<>lflirot is, O vi-iiiiNti, 
•oil quit fiiliis niraiiiK ; ot iiivooctis 
|ior HUK|iiria iiiorluis <|iiiotoiu. 

To tkis wr> nay tuM PmfoKnor Hanlio's (liiiliiif;ui)>h<Hl n>iHloriii(c 
of 8(ert>m>nn'm linrn : — 

I'lHU'r tb<> wiilo anil Hiarry sky 
rt'tfC I ho ;n^vo and lot iiio <lio ; 
Glad did I livo anil irlmlly ilio. 

And I laid iiio down with a will. 

This lip the vcntp you grtw for rao : 
'• Hon' Ih' Vwk wlwro ho li>ii|ro<l to In' ; 
HoMM* i« IIh- siilor, homo from son. 

And tho huntor honio from t,ho hill." 

'A0TfftaX tei'rfr itm vr' aiUpt rivta9', jrai/xx, 

tt x^ipm t' Kmr tabic iit—r (9aro¥ ' 
t f t 4 imTt i' If rrw4f> rat' trof ' " vairift XifUv' lip^y 



THE SONNETS AQAIN. 

Shakespeare's Sonnets Reconsidered, and in part 
nxi I SllltBcL With liitiiMliif'torv ('liaiiti-i-H, Niit<-^, aiiil ii 
lU^nt f>r tho Oriffinnl Iftmi Kilitiiiii. liv Samuel Butler. 
I4«6tin., xii. -ICMpp. I>mii1oii, 1>M<. IjOnfmans. 10/6 

In hi* profaoo, whioh toiu-hoii varlouK toiiirs, inoliKliiif; 

I»rfyfu», Mr. W. H.. and Naimioaa. Mr. Kutlor tollh iih that Iot*» 

than two yc<aM ago bi<> min<l wa.i a blank with n-Hjxs-t to Shako- 

•pMrv'it nnnnrta. During tho internal be han botil a " bloody 

»«»i«*." i«ontonrlnK hi* prodccowoni in 8hakii<|ioariaii M>holar<«hip 

to be bangod, drawn, and quarton-d ; ho ban ilotonnin<-<l thi- dnto 

'<t oarh of Kbakra|H'arp'ii M>niM>l<i {ittU-n within a iiioiilh or n 

. fntihlKht at tbo profi«i> motm-iit); and ho ban Inid hin IuiikIh 

npon Iho boad nf " tho Bov. ( Mfilono." but oinitn to toll 

IM wtM>«b4>r bo haa mail* tbal • for Holy OnlorM n prio»t 

loaoon. It i. diOioult to tako Huoh liKht-lioartiil work 

.u«ly. and Mr. Hntlor, knowing tho hanliioHH of hoart 

of Hbako*poariiin *oholar». i« nut Miiigiiino about Ihoir nHH>plion 



had thoir origin in a itawtinn of friondHhip for i 
W. H.. mid a imi-wIoii for n woiiinii wlm drt-w 
a|M<«ro°H friond ; ktudoniM who, llko .Mr. Hii( 
Horl>ortit<»« nor Koiithnmptonlton, bolioving tl 
tho idoiitifli-ntlon of ikthoiih Imn ovon a M>nil>lnii 
who, iiiiliko Mr. But lor, nnd not having tho 
" affatilo fniiiiliar ghost," ooiifi>sH lliomHolvi>M i 
wlial yoar, or month, or wook, this sonnot or th 
Thi'V fan only rogrot that Mr. Hut lor did ii 
pnyiso hour, nnd pn-tlx to his No. r.!T not 
.\ug. 8," but " on rotiirning from tho Ihontr 
Mipiior," and to his US soiiiothing nion> dollnitc 
about Nov. 24,'' such ns " t>erbapH about 11 
waiting in n tavern for dinuor." 

Mr. But lor dates the Honnols from 1585 to 
l.'>88. Sonnet KIT of the original arrangi<iiH>iit 
tho S|Minish .\rninda. He nooi>pts tho origiiiii 
l-l'il ; only (ipiito noodli'ssly) exoliiding froi 
noeoptnlion Mtiiiiots Xt nnd I'Jl. Of the >i<Hs 
following ri<}--he trniisfors si-vonil (and, willi t 
to a iiosiiioii jirooodiiig 4(1-42 of the quarto, tliii 
bringing togi>ther, nnd into their right ohronol 
sonnets nildii-ssod to Mr. W. H. oonoorniiigtho 
Kiimhor 121 is irniisposiil so ns to follow Ifi. S 
wvond series are t rented ns nneunncoto<l with 
(ninoiig those 1*26— the Envoy — and " Poor wml 
my sinful onrlh ") nnd arc printed as a s<Ti 
Tho n'nrmngiiig gniiie can Vh- played in Kovoml 
nnd Mr. But tor's piny is xkilfiil nnd interesting 

Perhnps tho Vm-sI part of his work is dostr 
not trouble himself with Mr. Sidney I^i-o's 
printer Willinm Hnll ns the " only l>og«'tter, 
vigoi-ously Mr. Ij»i''s Soiithnmpton theory, nnd 
Eliailii'thnii instanoo of " begetter " menniiig 
bi>«-ii proihiooil. The sup|H>so<1 exnmpic fi 
Satironuislij- (ns wns pointed out immoilintoly 
anoe of Mr. Lee's book) is put into tho m 
A, Vaughnn, " a VVolsliman, who, by wny of humoi 
as uiunloring tho English Iniigiuigo nil thniii 
Canun Ainger hns oiti-jl Wonlsworth's lines to tl 
And listen, till 1 do lH>got 
That golden limengnin — 

ns giving a modern iiisinneo of" lM>g<-t " in those 
A moment's oi>imidemtion would hnvo made it c 
Worth nioaiit mgrntUr, or rrjtrwliirr. Mr. Biitl<*r 
that " only Ix-getter " had assiH-iations dorive<l 
iM'gtitton " of tlip t'nssl, whioh toiideil to lim 
olivioiis mill nntural sons<-. 

Mr. Bill lor dar<*s not venture to iilontify 
but ho dot>s not n>gnr<l iinfnvoiinibly Tyrwhilt's 
the imiiio Hows or Hughes niny bo played uimj 
sonnet 20 : — 

A iiiiiii ill how nil Ilrir» (fir) in his i-oiitrow 
Whii'li slonlos mens oy<-s nnd womolis Noiili 

Why has no " ingenious gentleman " suj 
puii lie iutoiid<>d it ariites from the suggtnitiou i 
eyes," anil tliiil the Iiii<<k an* the clniiionrs of a 
nppi-ohoml Iho lliief ? Bnn'fs ".\lv<iirio " (l.->8tl) 
or i-rio. »i-rliiiiiiilio, osi-riomonl." " Soinotimi-s,' 
(who H|M-lls (he Woiil ill one pliioo Him) " Hue i 



GOOD FORM. 




'- "* - ' 



•w S^. ^ -^1 -w. 



January i3» ii>uu. 



LITERATURF. 



ill " I'liwrittt'ii r.AHii and Mcnli of Active Carwn " wi< h«vi> • 
Ihm>I( ill wlilrli til.- i|iiii<tloii In iliiMMiwiil hy I'niiliriit rxport* Willi 
|>iirtlculnrrcri-r<-iiiM- to no r<<wi<r tlinii <'lKlit«i<n<litrfr)Mit viM-atloii*. 
Tlii-Hu t'NHa.VH, Hhlfli aro (tlitttl by Mim K. H. i>ltf«irii, wihiIiI 
|M-rtiii|iM have Im<«<ii iih>iw iiM-riil if a atill Ioiikit li*t of i-allitiK* 
lia<l Innmi ili-nit with, ami N|N>cinl attfiition hiut li«t*ii icivrii t«i 
tlKMf cnllliiifH ill wlilcli till' |ir«>valliiiu iili-nU an- |{*''"'''all>' 
liflii'viMl toilllfri' ill •uiiiii* r<'ii|M-i't« from tli<rM> •■( tlic a«iTatc<^ 
liiiiii'st iimii. Aluiiit tlit< iilfiiU of |Mi-r<t, iiH-tii)M-r<i of tlii' Hoiim< 
of CoiiiiiioiiN, jiKl^fo, iiiiiNlrlitiit, itiiil nrcliitiftt oiii- liiM-o not imniI 
iiiitcli ■•iill|;liti-iiiiii-iit. With iliii' RllowaiiiT for «ll((ht illfTcn-iM-fxi 
of I'lrciiiiistniicK niiii Kitimtlon, tlify an* tlio itloaU wliirli an> 
i-oiiinioii to nil H'<>ll-lii'fi| mill fiiltivatoti nioii. But what nn- (aiMl 
wlint hIioiiIiI lH-)tlii' iilt'OlN of iiioiii'y-li'iHit'rM, roni|Mtny |inHtioliT<i, 
i-oniniori'ial lr«v*>llc>r?t, ailrorliM-nii'iit (■nnv««<H-r<i, or of IIm* 
oritanUcrs of the StaiiilanI Oil Triisi ? Tlio-t- woiilil In< Hnu 
i|ii<'sl!oiiH for till- raxiiiHlM fii|;nK>'<l in "<iirli rnlliiiKH. It I* a 
tlioiimiiMl pitioN tlint tlii>y wpro not turned Iooka on thrni. 

Nor ilovH oiii' lliiil tho ideals of thi' profiitiionii im-liidni 
invnriuhly ti-pitteil ho t)iorou(;hly aM one would lil(i<. Mnny of t)i« 
t-untri)iutorK np|>oiir to ii>iifii<H> |irori-'>'>ioiiiil iili-iiU with imtmuiiiI 
i>|>iiiloiiH. 'riiiH Is imrticiilnrly tho <•«««• with Iho |{t«v. W. B. 
Tr<'v<>lyiui. who, nritintr of I ho iih-iiN of I ho i-lorKy, recOMmenda 
colllmi-y, |hi> foiift-iwionnl, niiit dlwilMilioni-o to t lii< cnfflmamh of 
Ulnhoim. It Ih nlxn tho niM< with Ixnl Monlciiwoll, who Inlciii 
tho opiMirtiinity of iiiifolilln); it plan for tho n>fonh of tlio Houae 
of LorilN, mill with tho Kov. (i. <i. T. HoywiHMl, who i<xlMirt« 
l>oys lit piilillc M-liiMijs to riiiM> llio iiionil toiio of thi~<4< wnti of 

Ioiiniiii>f liy cult Ivnl ill); tho (inictii f tnlo-lionriiiK. Other 

writop-t iivolil ciivnistry mid ronliiio IIh-iiisoIvi'm to hiHtory.n.i iloos 
(ioiionil Iiiiic-i ill his |in|M<r on tho Itoynl Kn|;ini><>rN. Tho 
only i-oiitriliiitor who, liiiviii); ilollcnto i|iioHtionH of I'liMiiintry to 
doiil with, roiiliy );riippii>H with tlii-iii is Mr. Aiipistiiio Hirn-ll, 
who writos of liiirrist<'rH ; nnd ovon ho hoohih t<i profor tho 
ImlnnciiiK of m-;;iiiiii-iitN to tho ilmwiiii; of (•onrliiNioiiH. Tho only 
IHiint on whii-li ho iip|M<iirs to linvo qiiito innile up hin niinil lit 
tlmt it in " iHlioiH " to " hnjt nttonioys." On tho sHiij<'«'t of 
talciii;; f«M>s which liavp not Immmi oiirni^l liy mi np|>onmii<v in 
Court, ho ho<lp"«, inclining; to tho opinion thntto r«<tiirn sinch fi-on 
is •' tho storiKM- iiikI tho nolilor foiir^«'," Init, nt tho sniiio tiiiio, 
supplying Hiiy Imrristi-r who profors to JciN-p tho fo<>» with 
plaiisililo reasons whorowith to salvo his roimoionco. Finnlly, nn 
ropir<ls,tho vo\o<l i|iiostion whothor an ailvoonto Ih jnstifii-il in 
actiii); as tho rimiiipion of n tdiont whi>ni ho kinurt to \m> indlty. 
N(r. Birroll gots ont of tho dinirnlty l>y roprosontinn that tho 
mlvcK-ato has no moans of l(iiowin(r anything of tho !M>rt. That, 
of oimrso, is tho oomfortalilo th<>ory of tho Ij«w Courts. Hut 
thoro is tho woll-knowu Courvoisior raw ; anil certainly in a 
|B:r<>at iiiuiiImm- of oas<>s a<lvooat«>s must }to into C<Mirt fts-lliid as 
oortain of thoir olioiifs ijiiilt as tlioy ar«> of tlioir own innixMMioo. 
Mr. Birr<>ll ailiiiits tho |M>s.sil)ility, Init iiMToly siiiil(>s jiway tlio 
jHiint of ooiisoioiifo : 

It may liiip|M'ii that an ailrooato. whilst HtnilyiiiK tho 
|m|h>rs iiiiil miistoriii;; tho iiiforniation plaooil imrosor>'oilly at 
his ilisposiil liy his olioiit, ilisoovoi-s a way of putting tho «'as«> 
apiiiist his own man from which tlion- is no escape. " If the 
other side ms- this," says he. " we an' done." It is just 
|)Ossil)lo that for one r<<asoii or another tlio other siile does not 
" !«•«> this." Will liny sane man <-onteiiil that it is the duty of 
the ailviM-ato to alnise tlii> conlideneo of his client and to j{iv« 
him awiiy ? 

T'nilmlily not. Hut why not ? It is easy to imagine a conrrete 
instaiico in which the most iiiii|iiltoiis (<nnse<|nences iniicht follow 
fi-om till- adviM-iito's loyalty. .\ larjp' fortune, for example, nii^cht 
Im- talion iiwiiv fiiiin its riirlitfiil owner nnd irivi>ii to some iiiii- 



LUTON OHUROH. 



Sow that tofognpky, Ibi 
|K>|Milar (uliiw^ •vary fmr 
u|>on loral MmUttj and, aprnkiac fMMnlljr. m ktft 
tbair ooMtnieUan. But •««• mv •wkolttetli* 
aait UlotlMa«a<lMitMidMilOT4aMa«MtlM(MM8l i 
tiiNM Hilda it t«> iw. ia nnif tfliwlin, ud «w only 
ba JndiTMl fi'ioi tlw ataa^poiaa of aay wHIii— 
pundy anti<|uartaii. It U, UmtWut*. a rmralM*«ii to 
■ucli a ImmiIc um I.I Ti>« Chi a>N. Hi*Taaia«t *«» n 
liy tlio tato Kt>r. Himry CoM«. MA. (((•or;^ H» 
I'U. (hi. n.). Wo cannot rtwvll any t4imt tmm kn mi 
tsiuntry pariah chuirh. howirrar iltilli^Bhlnil, |na hw 
a«T«n hnmlrad octavo |iaftaa dcrotod (n it Th* Mlfca* 
ditd a jraar hafora his Umk wsa |mbli>li«<l - kmrw Um i 
priatn Miirimt riini) of the mwr. Anal, i- • •■ 

a worthy pircK of work. Not only wb« ■< '•■ 

lip<in Ilia KUhjoct. I'lit that luhjort is, Iroai tk* Bote 
historical to|M>(!ni|4iy. worthy <>f the patiaMi aa4 lo 
dfvi>t<sl to it. I.iiton waa a<> iiii|M>rtant a plari ii 
lUya Athelataii bolil a Wit«nae«inot thar* an^wtlian 
yaara affo, and it waa lonff a royal manor t^t it ' 
to obtain a larsa ami inportant ehurdi aroami «i 
deal of hiatory woiikl clitater. 

By a happy ehaaoa tlM raeorili — BtrtfHit »ftk thi 
awaailinely full-th* lit el ntHtn mad rtmn tnm i 
ia. imlaad, ao complete that it ia probablj aaiqw. A 
one of tlieaa man the I rn>k conlaina a aaflalaal, mn 
ample, biography, fortifiad by ralaaa n caa and alBriil 
that waa otwciire an<I atill mora tliat waa foripiMan. 1 
cxerriaoa are more dilllctilt than to write brief bioffn 
can lie read with real inti-rtwt ; hat Mr. CoMie'a atyh 
and agreeable, hia pen catchca up the human intatwat i 
that any man with a liking for tlia by-patiia el 
raad them with pleaaore, even althoo)^ ha laay aaHhl 
cara an>-tliing aimut Luton. The (Imrrh of Ht. Mary 
the earlieat of Kn^liah eccleaiaatical iMiikliniia aol 
with a reli^'ions hoime : Imt Robart, Karl of Olow 
rebuilt it early in the twelfth eaotnry, waa ita vjtta 
It ia now an anwigam of the Early Rngliih. raijiail 
Decorative stylra, with a few fragmefita of Tnaai 
In the chancel there ia the rary nnnaaal nuaibi 
■edilia, ami tho tine canopird and traeariad DtcnratMl 
admirahly designni but not very wall asaantad. atanli 
aluM. The church haa been mora than onea raatuiai 
bean drait with teiMlerly on the whole. M«a that, 
caaturiaaago.therhitfchwanlenaiiielteil ilowti a Moariiar 
hraaaaa to make a chandaliar, for which, hail jaatiai 
to them, they themaclrea fieaarred t» hang. Witk Hi 
fp<>t of length, it* wido tranaepla, ita Hoo and Waada 
Luton Church ia one of the largnt in Kngland. aa 
'J.OUO poraona. Tlio advowann, which waa alwaya ric 
multiplication of diatrict churchaa cut ilown tba rvn 

long in tho haiida of the roooka of St. Albana. wh 

the tithoa to their own Joiaaatie porpoaaa oatil Pof 
oom|>elled them to giva Luton ita dna. Mr. t.QMj 
intereating story of how an early raelar aailaaioiail { 
church aa a niilitar}- fief a 
mora than anything elaa to 

determination to aulwtituta inatitiilioa by Ih— aivaa I 
ture by tha patron. The hiatoty at the laada whieh I 
enduwment ia traccal with avan naalar lainalaaaaa 



liioirrmiihiffHi nf th» iiicaitnli 



•k. _ 



u 



CUCKOOS. 



UTE&ATLHE. (Januan 

HUXLEY'S SCIENTIFIC Vi 



Our Oommon Ouekoo. and Other Ouckooa and 
Paraalttoal Birds. Itv Alexaadsr H. Japp. LL.D..F.R.8.B. 
M>ain.. xi. aC!|>|>. Umilon. IHHM. Burleigh. 6- 

To Wordcworth tbv i-uckoo waa 

Nil bird, bat an inrtMblv thing, 
A voiea, a mya tw y, 

ami to the fnroaUwt of aciratifio omitbolof^ata and fi«>l<1 naturaliat* 
tbf habiia of tba bird, ainl maro particularly the pritimr>- m-itif t>( 
iti paraaitiaal way* i* *till aa grvst a mystary ti>-<lity a« it w»» to 
tk* po*k. Siaoa Bdward Jraaar pannad hi* " Natural Hiiitor>- of 
tlw Cudino " (TVanwrtliim of th<> Royal Society fi>r 1788). much 
OMT light haa baaa ahad on ita hahitu ami on tlie habits of olnaely 
alliad irpaci(« of hinl* in otixT countriea. AVitli gfMt industry 
and okill Pr. J»W han pitlipriHl top>Uier all thea« vaacntinl fHcta. 
Bat in thv cha)4«T« devotivl to I>anrin'i apecnlation* on tlii' 
paraaitic habita of ('. f Vinonu ht> adopti a lutHhod of nrpimmt 
■ff ii oaw langlHga that ia untliRnifiwl, unarit-ntific, and B0nu'tinit« 
offraairelj flippant, ami that, coming from a •lapp aliout a 
Darvin, will not commend hia hook to Iiiolo;ri*tR or fichl 
natoraliata. 

On the obarure |iointa alx>ut the liabita of cuckoo* in this 
coontljr, alout which Ih-. Japp apeaks with fn-itat knowlc<1f;v, the 
" njartmant habit " is one of the most iui|Kjrt«nt. " Thv fact 
UmA Um JOM^ oaokoo mercilaaaly ojectt from the nest an I makes 
an and of rta foatcr-brothera, " writea Dr. Japp. " is now jukt as 
w*U M>tal lishxl as that the parent drop* the eggs into otlier 
boda'naata," inatcati of laying: th<dn therein. as whs i>noe generally 
baliorad and ia still U-lievf^l t>r unscientific and nnobaorvaiit 
" BnteraliaU." This " ejectment habit " waa placed IteyoiKl 
doubt bjr a communication in Anfurr of March 14th. 1872. from 
Sin. RIacklnirn. of .Moitlart. N.H.. who not only watche<l tlie 
opvation. but made a sketch, which was iift'Twiinls piiblislietl, 
with full details of htT oliaerTatioUB, in htr " Birds of Moidart " 
(EdinbuTfch, David Douglas, 1805). SiiKM> then, in July last. Mr. 
J. Craig, of Beith, Ayrshire, publislied an elal>orate account of 
aiailar axpcriaoeaa mttanding over several days, illnstrated by a 
of tnataatanaoaa photoi^raphs by Mr. J. P. Miller, all 
at tlifferent atagea the " ejectment " »i<«/m« njieraiKli. 
Coaipalrot omilhologista are noa at one on the point with regsrd 
to Um witHlly puxriing problem which ariaos from tlie cuckoo 'a 
kabit of aalaeting fur it* paraaiticsl work the nests of birds that 
W 4RK* aoawwhat siniilar to ita own. I>r. Japp writes :— " I1ie 
supiMWitioa that the cockoo having lai<l an e;^ on the ground takea 
a Kood ri««r of ita colonr and then look* round for a neat with 
•gt aooMwhat like it i*. to our mind, so clunuy that it will not 
l:4Mr looking at." We think tiiat problora was solvcxl at a meeting 
td tk* Bntish CmithologiaU' Club in April, J8»6, when Mr. K. 
BidwoU exhibited Oil) cuckoo agga along with the acconipntiying 
olntakaa of «gga of tko foatar-paionta, reproaenting no has than 
m mm uty -vx diotinel aiweiw of victimiM<l bird*. The niarkinl 
Twiation in the abape, aixe, ami colouring of the eggs jiistiHe<l 
tka opinion that, aa a rule, the cmkoo ilistributus its favour* 
with prodigal indiaerimination. 

Dr. Japp'a nniiBdaiil opinion that Uit^ luckoo only calls on 
tka wing " wkao laalim and in pursuit of tlie hem " is not borne 
oat ky tlM o laa ir a tioM of otker fioM natoraliata. who hnve heard 
Iho bird calling on tka wing in early Anguat. The story told by 
Um aalbor of a yoaag eodum thai waa rearml " among the shrieka 



The Scientific Memoirs of Thomas 1 
FUlii.Ml bv Prof. Sir Michael Foster, K.O 
L>L.D.. F.R.S.. mill i>v Prof. B. Ray Ia 
LLkD.. P.RS. In t villa.: Vol. II. 10^ «7iii. 
and Ni-w York, IMW. Ma( 

This volume, the secontt of the series of foi 
tain the ooUactol memoirs <tf tlie late Hroffssor 
thirty-aevon original rommiinicationa and addr< 
the following leaniwl societies of London tlie 
(>«<dn|.'iral, /oolvgical, nnd Ktlinological, ns we 
I 11, tlie Geological Survey, the ' 

..(i/ Srirnrf, nnd the Snturnl li 
ixlitoFN have done tlieir work witli the skill 
niarkeal the first voluino. 'Ilie date* at which tli' 
apiM'artMl range from 1SA7 to ]»84, and thus in 
purioil in the historj* of thought wliicli liegmn v 
Wnllaoe's joint essay before the I^innean Sociot 
Origin of Species (18W). In the fierce co 
iiiime<1iately followed the a|i(iuarance of tlie " < 
more than any otli>-r man, fought thu bsttles of 
of the memoirs in tlie present volume are tin 
stirring times, and their appearance cannot 
wideat interest. 

Tlie foiii-th brief essay, " On tlio Persiston 
Life." waa the foundation of a Friday evening 
Koyal Institution on June 8, ISfiW, ami thus lei 
liefore Huxley read the '' (Wgin " and wrote t< 
Iter '2:1) expreaaing hia warm B<1iniration and, 
a;n'eement. How profouml a change hml bet 
■hown by contrasting Iiih lett<'r to Darwin, oi 
substanoe of his Friday evening lecture i 
"Origin" (Kaaay XVIIL, p. :J88) witli the 
from his discourse of June 3rd : — 

If. on the .■tl'">- I'l'nd. we view " Pen 
relation to that 1; which sup]-<iKeK th 

beings living at ic to lie the resi 

nKslificatioii of pre-existing species a h; 
though unprovecf and satlly damaged by 
porters, is yet the only one to which ph; 
countenanc* — Ac. 

Tliia pasaage shows that Huxley was it 
evolution as a reasonable interpretation, but all 
to follow the arguments of Lamarck, and I 
" Vestiges.' It also seems to prove that he wa 
actpiainted with the Darwin-Wallaci- essay w 
eleven month* l>cforo. 

Tlie twenty-sixth essay in the volume.   
delations of Man with the Lower Animals. 
interest in relation to the controversy on 
Huxley's justification for his '* diametrical 
certain assertion* roapecting Uie dill'orenc 
lietwocn the brain* of tlio higher a|H>s and man 
Profcaaor Owen " at the famous meeting of th 
tion at Oxford in 1860. Many of the later esii 
tlie anatomy of monkeys nnd lemurs, nnd the <>nr 

Tlie twenty-ninth essay is of grest iin|«orti 
the doctrine if ». It wa- ' Fol 

the anniversni ; to tlie <■■ i So 

Tlio first |iart ooutain* an acute and scurchii 
contention that " oorrespomling " atratn in i 
were *triotly contemporanoou* in origin. The 




iniu ill 



dyL 




Junuarv ad, IVOU.J 



JJ i h.UATl KK 



tliitt »I1 living fornM at* Uio raaulU uf • nuct«aary )>r<K'v»s ■•( |ir<>* 
j{roMiv* lUiviilopintint, untiroly cuut|iriMMl wiUiin tb« tiuid r«|iri>- 
•uDt<id \>y tlui fuwiilifiirouii ruvkt " (p|i. b'J8-*>31*). Hn liiMlly 
aaaerta Uut if lui byjMiUHwi* of pro^«aivu mu<liU.'uti<>ti ■hoiilil 
4<ventunlly U- jiruvtMl to \m tnu>, " tlio amiiliiBioa will 
iniivitHlily |H-t<Miut itaulf Uiut tlio |Milii'i>z<iir, m<-*uitoic, •!»! 
oninoxoiu taiinii' M)'! Horir, takim t<i|{utl«ir, iMuir ■univwliat tha 
saiiiu prai'ortioii to ttui wlicilx nurioii of living; Iwing* which hAV* 
ouoiipitMl till* f^luhi) •« the Kxinlint; Uuim nixl llura ilo t<> tbam." 
Darwin nxprmtMHl n ■iiiiiliir (i|iiiiii>ii in Uiu " Origin," bihI \uu\ 
nvuii niailu th" b<>l<l Niiggt'iitiiiii that (oaiiilifaruua ruuku, uarlior 
tiiu) any luiown to tta, may form Uio floor of tba grwit 
cwiian baaiiM ; for, altbuiigh hu wai thu fir«t t<> Iwliore that th« 
ponition* of tho ocintiiiiuita auil ooeana had |«r<ii»t<Ml for vaat 
);tiolo;;i<'al time, hu xtiil tlioii^ht that tlioy iniKJit linvu been 
rover«iHl at n |Mirii>il «o iliatniit a* that at which tlio i>ro-|iitlir<MOie 
fodailifurouii workN wim ih'poHitiHl, Huxloy'n |T.>fiiuiii| r«<Mi«rohea 
in no tnimy varitxl il('[iartm«)nt« of |iaiii'oiitolof;y aire to hia eon- 
I'liiaiun tho liif;hi>iit int«rt«t anil vaino, a i-onoliiNion which in 
furthi>rnioro KUNliiintiil l<y thv imnion«« ailvaiiou in our knowletlge 
of (lotnil which hiu taken place aino* 1M88. 

Thu remaining muinoiri are of lea* ffenaral interaat, although 
of th» highont imiHirtance to tlio aoologiiit. Their raiigo is 
uxtroniuly wido, tlio majority bein;^ confjerntid with foaail mnaiiia 
of the utmo.tt divuraity the tiahoa of tho Devonian; amphibia, 
coptilia, and ninmiiialia from many ntrata in ditron-nt |Mi-t« of the 
worlil ; n bird from Now /ealan I ; <TUKtii<-oa, including; a utiidy 
of tho anatomy and rolationii "f tho f;enu« I'torygiHim. 'Ilie 
important eaaay which doaU with thia latter nubjact formed 
I'art 1. of Mono)(rnph I. of tlio Memoir* of the (jio<ilo^ioai Snri-ey 
of tho rnitel Kingdimi (ISTiO) ; and tlw editom have aUo ro|«^>- 
iIucihI I'urt II., by .1. W. Salter, " iKK-auw without it tho plat««, 
and iiineh of 1'rofea.sor Huxley'* portion of tlie memoir, would 
be unintelligible." 

In lulditioii to tho paln>ontologiral inomoiri there arc many 
which de,il with the anatomy and deroiopmont of living animal*, 
and hoie, too, the same wide Rcopo in apinrent. In theae ilays, 
whon tlio growth of wMentific di*covory anil the multi|ilio«tion of 
dotail i« inoxnnibly driving the atudont into a Mpecialiaation 
which is bttcoming more abd more ro»trictod, we look hack with 
Nomu rogrot to tho dny* when a niastor in aciciico could make hia 
power felt over no vast an orea. The noblo freodoni of range 
diaplaynl in thia volnnio is np|iaicnt in tho sulijoct of the fimt 
essay, written jointly with Profo».>tor Tyndnll, " <>n tho Structure 
and Motion of Olaciera," a subject widely remote from that of 
liny other niomoir. 

It ia interosting to obaer\-o how Huxley with unerring judg- 
ment selected the mo*t important ami ■- ' il 
problems tho rojirodiiction of aphis in I8M1, ...» 
scorpion in 1800. In the first of thoao tlu' spooial Hubjoct is 
made the introduction to a discussion of the various kinda of 
reproduction and their rttlntionahi^w. 

Tho Work is extromcly well and clearly printed and rontaina 
no le.ss than thirty-nino plates copi«>d from thoae of the original 
meiiioii-s, ninny of which were reproductions of drawings by 
Huxley's own hand. .\ steel engraving of the author, by C. 
H. .Icons, forms tho frontispiooo. Meaara. Macmillan and Co. 
deserve the thanks of all interested in preaorving anil n-ndering 
ncccR.iiblo the records of the scientific work of our greatest 
investigators, for tho manner in which they an< bringing out this 
series of rolumcs. 



THEOLOOY. 



wllb a frrw UM- nf hUlnrlr mHImmU. If in nnlltarjr C 
rranli U >ll*a|i|M>inilnj|, all nm4§ ri will »rkmomMI^ 
imt'« iinlfonn rf\>-fiuf nf loor, kU •••mlrmfw tow 

^tl OM Ulaainti, 

In mame r*»i- 
wnrh tk«t Ihm an'*' 
(   i 

i'nrf. (ianliMT i« ilnn^  rr«l •rrtlrl* In poll 
diffirullli-* whirh ibrp«lMi orMimry CbrirtUn Mli 
-ide of hUluric rrillriaia. Wo (InalH mUHhrr II 
toac'liors of r<-liirlnn. In RiikUimI ai Iraat, Imhtp *•■• •■ 
Pitrnt aiidlM-ariiiff nf lltPM< illflrullb-*. BmI If r< 
osrliMJvoly on tlio lia«U of splriloal fsprrini' 
coiiloiiiU. C'hrUlIanlly, as usually umlrwl'nl. . 
sinking In the U'Vol of an ■'nliKtil<>i>*'<l T 
would pnilwbly ilrny IhU. Ihii lii« appli, 
is certainly fatiil lo ibo r 
the dm'triiii*^ of (lie 1 1 

TIm' writer <•l|o\\^ imb'^Ml n ai •>( Ibc linUlM 

the critical and tlie liivtori' \. Mr aa-Wnif 

llio early spn-ad of the (Soapel iluplayt " tbr o|> 
aUtiit which history know* very little." He al*-. ,- 
iiicaloululile element in bUinry : tbo pn>«pncie in il 
of " will, rlMraoter, ami divinn Uspiralina." 
eritieinm of the facta i>f early Chrialianilr iir ilnr« 
entirely e<u-a|ie from ' >-im<o of n-r' 

He ^iN-nk-i ti«> com. .' ibu leotl- 

enrlie>tl livi-« <if Chrial i aitd in Inter ynaiM4p<«, nl 
teacliiii;c<i of Paul. 

The iMwik, however, taken as a whole, wiwiM tm 
anything like |a-tly criticism. I'art* nf iIn> aig— mi 
with gr«»nt fon-*- mid elc«|iien«H»- onw of the ■■evt fmt 
liook o«'cur« in the <-hiiplcr on "TIm» in«|>iraiinn nt b 
which I'mf. (<ar<liM>r d«>!HTilies the inflwiiee in biMM 
"illviiM- idean,"  thorn' noble mkI " ' ig rHigii 

or teiHlencie- wliii-h, by dtyaea, vnr tarings 1 

tlisplayiNl ii|Min the thcMtro of thcworUr', tii<l<>rr,aiMl 
into thi' framework nf hnmnn •oelety." But itw rral 
of till' iHiok in • »y * 

What is the " in f^ 

the growth of liisfnrimi ' rar-n'acl 

in the fabric of tlw- (.'lit. ijily » " , 

of its original Imsi* f Pmf. fianlner srm* hiin~ 
faction in a cn<e<l pnrge«l of elem4*nl« which <ln it«,i m 
stanil ordinary histiwic Irptts. He iiulii'ata-* an impmi 
in tho solution n( the prMlihin when Ih- 
must rmt on tbo btnis of psyehnlnvr. <>n 
iiiidcn<«t iinattM tbo " in' 
liiiinan hittorj- when wv 
p«'n«onality. Tliis i« an eU-im-ni 
the cnnfldence with which «<• ;ii 
and dortrinoa of relii.-; n. 



Pplnolpal Cnlpd'a OIITopd 

ThK FlNDAMKNTAL IpBAS Or CnWItniSIT V '^'-- 

Son*, Olaagow, ISa. n.t. Thaan two rolnmea of I*: 
G iff on) Lectures, conatitoting alaa ! bi« hut ronn 
religions philiwiophy. are fully wotthy nf tb* •■! 
Intro ' the Philoaoplqr of Raligion." Um aMt 

aaatl. . innatorljr, nnd ingwiiiiai ifaptntioii o< I 

to tb* aubject hnr* bnen foUjr neogniaMl. On 
occnaion tha lactinwr ttanla in the Srak pnrt ol hia Imo 
may b« called |irologomenn, nich M '* NotunU a 



38 



UTEHATUHE. 



[Jauuary 



fTMl •poaU* of ii^am, Maltlww TimUl. He dw* not. Iiovevor. 
UMMbUwrMi dUkolly- \ it., tbv claim Uut Cliri«tiMiity U in 
Uw poMMMon ol cvrUiiii nlv** mhI «lociriiK« «liirii r<-*M>ii c<>ulil 
noi !»*• dfaoovaml •mi «ltu-h, tharu(M«, luul to Iw rvvMleil l>y 
Clwwt. Yo« na»j. of ceurw, iUwum tiw ctveii i-oiitcnt* from « 
pliilaM(iliia>l point of rivw.auil aUMnpt U>»li<>«r tlivir iiiii»<nuiii<-y 
to rMMO. But thar* vill always \m a raat ditTfrvncp lM-tMei>ii 
Um nalboda of fitiiioMi|i|^ ami thuar of tt>li):iuii, lotattMi tlu> 
Daity of Uw former and the <<od nf tlu- latter. In the iiofoiHl 
lector* Dr. Cain! aeenu to weaken lit* arfiuiiiant l<y adiuitliDK 
ihat th» {iriinary orKan of apiritual knowlodj^f !■ faiUi. hikI 
tmU totim the function <^( roaaon t<> tlie ii<li><|iiate traiii>lation 
into acMotiie laaftw^ of the rhri*tiaii conacioiisiieM. In otlicr 
ward*, it lie* aithin the |>rt>viiH-e of rvitM^u to r<iiiMtriiot a aviitem 
(i(Ckri*tian UH-ta|<h>*ic*. That i« a vvry much htimliler iii/r Uian 
tlM OB* fonMrly Maigned to reaaon. 

Fow waallant atklraaaea are frireu on the perplvxing problem 
wUeb Im* ao MTMrly taxed huntan ingenuity, " Tlie Oritnx ami 
Kataire of Kril.'* The coitcluaiuu at which tlie auUior arrivea, 
aflar baTing (^ntly criticixeil thr AuKUktiiiiaii c»nco|>ti<>n of «in 
and diamiaaed the negatirv ami Musiinii* the<>rifs (he u>eni*, by 
tW way, to orerlouk St. Paul'* dirtiiiction b«>tw*eii the fm^a 
and r^ifl), ia tiiat the aouroe or «eat of «in in to Iw found in the 
will. The eaa cn cB of the atonomi-nt U found in HvmiMithy. 
•• Not tinly can the cinlotis Miffcr for sin, but thtTt- art' suirorin);* 
for sin wbicli only he who in hiniveU sinlcas cnn, in the fullest 
maaauTB, uMiorgo." There is a fine sermon towanis the end of the 
wwml rolume uu tlio " Kingtlom of tlu- S]iirit," the i-on- 
•CHNunaaa of a connexion with " A Life that is at onro al>ove us 
■nd in aa, traoacendini; «ur finite thouj^hta ami feelio);*, yet in 
which we moat tmlj realize ourselves ami the ideal of our own 
•piritiMl n«tar«." 

An aloqaeat and loring tribute to hi* Vrotlier's memory l<y 
tba Maatcr of Ralliol is prefixetl to the first volume. From it 
w» Unm that Principal C'ainI waa Inihi in Oreenuck in 1820, ami 
WM originally deatined for the engineering: trndo. Hix niiniHtry 
ooMMSoad in 1846, when he w«s orilaincd minister of Newton, 
in Ajrr. In 1857 be reoeive<l a call from Olasgow, whore his fame 
a* • preadier, diiefly on account of his well-known sermon, 
" Religion in Common Life," had precedoti him. In IKTS he 
waa appointed princi|«l of the I'niverslty of Olosgow. where he 
dieil in hameae tlie day before his re»ii;nation would have taken 
effaet. Vr. Caird was eaaentially n great orator. " Kvcn when 
1m wrote, thare was in the flow of tlie aentences something that 
remiwled one of spoken worils." Hit theology was of a liberal 
type, but lie was not much of 4 theologian. His mind and 
tomper ware cast in a phil>«o|>hic mould, and, as the Master of 
Ital I iol joatly remarks, it was tlie "ethical bearin;: of his prin- 
ciple* that hia mind seemed to grasp m<«t firmly.'' 

Wit— htlanlwm 

.Mr. tianie'n Thb KmMHLiAX Thboloot (T. and T. CUric. 
W*. ) ia woll timod. Comparstivoly little interest hat aa yot bean 
ronanl in England bjr the theologj of Kitachl, in apita of the fact 
that it haa tiaan for nearly a quarter of a ccntur}- dominant in 
Uermany, and that in many ways it responds to the anti- 
tlogmatte tamper of the age. The characteristic feature of 
liitachlianiam it its diatnist of metaphysics ami its "historical 
poaitiTian." H|>eaking broMlly, Ritiu-hl atU*m|>to<l to r<«onstruct 
thadogjr on a new baaia, independent of metaphysics ami of the 
hiatoffeal darelopment of eccleaiaatical ilognw. He starts from 
the prhoary farts of Christian esp<-ripncp, so arriving at a true 
n iii uH< lon of Christ's |#rs<in. ami of H is " worth " or signifi- 
canc* for raligioa. The c«Fntrr, irde««l. of liitachi s system is the 
kiklxvtral mralaftiflsi nf Oiriai ? nn <>iia lu> Im^im hta iiliia nl n<w1 



critloiaea he is able and k< ute, but h« writea 
iwtbiaoa aitli Ititst'lil's Hystem, nnd feels tlie vi 
He acems to almri- the Kitnohlian dinlike of 
metliod of dogmatics." IimKhoI, he eX|.reK*ii 
uiont both with Harnnck's estimate of the c 
rea|iecting the |H-nuin of Christ, ami with 
criticism of moilerii Keiiotic theories. Hut he I 
the defects of tile sy»t«Mii. In ]Hirti>ular hu p< 
fortunate an elomeiil in an anti-metaphysical *) 
is Rit-vchl's attempt to expound and vindii 
theory of knowledge. Tlie liook isa fair-minili-<l 
discuasion of an intricate- subjin-t. There art 
tlieolog\- of Hitm-liI is nirendy exerciidng a iH-nel 
religious thought in Knglnnd. 

Tlia Law of Saorifloa. 

The l>eH that esn Ut said of Mr. W. Williami 
volume, entitled Tlir. <iKr.AT Law, a Stuily of 
and of the I'liity underlying them (Longmans, 
pervaded by a genuinely religious epirit, that t 
conclusions eml>o<li<><1 in it, such as they Hr<>, a 
not convincingly set forth, ami that the writer 
of a gotxl library'. At least one-fourth, and pi 
the text consists of copious excerpts from rcli 
writers extending from the ago of the Veilas to 
and having a correspondingly broad lateral rang 
Mr. Williamson has done no more than am 
certain -onler, for the purpore of showing tli 
Sacrifice may Im- iliscovered, though under travi 
all religions. We are 8asure<l that in proportii 
the rule of life a man becomes a fello«»-worker • 
which uphold the univorse. frees himself from 
Karma, and enters on wider and wider fieli 
work. It will be seen that Mr. Williamson 
or, more accurately, an adept in the (>c 
The adept shakes off the " exclusive cultivation 
vigorous effort of will, nnd letting the |Mychic 
way is transfomu>d from a slave to a free man. 
those who desire to know mor<> of the vie 
Williamson ami his school should (<onsult Sinm 
the .Siul '■ and " Ksoteric Kiiddhism," and tilt 
the London Lodge of the Tlieoaophicnl ^^ociety. 

A Dogmatic Ppotaatant. 

In TiikUiiidii.v OF Chuihtrndom (Hodderai 
I>r. R. Anderson assumes a high tone of 8U|>orior 
claim a mono{ioly of truth, almoat every one else 
in the wrong. The Church Father*, especially th 
Augustine, as well aa his namesake Augxistinc 
the Popea without exception, the whole 
eccleaiastical history nnd teaching since the dayi 
Canon (tore, the iixKleni Ritualists, the lie 
Darwin, Herl>ort Siiencer, Tin- TimrM, and KngI 
each one in turn receives' due cnatigation at 
uncompromising Protestant. Novortiieloss, l)r 
knowledge is occasionally a little deficient, a 
treatment. .Moreover, liocauie the Fathers 
foolish things, and there are a good many iMgus 
the Church which one would fnin blot out froi 
raah to conclude that the Christian teachers wh 
Apostles hati not ocoasinnally n lucid mome 
Church is a " utass of corruption, which, I 
influence, could not have survived the sixteenti 
author finds the panacea for the ills of ('hriston 

tn th« Slltiinritv nf flln Hililo  •' Tim Itil.ln ia 



January 13, 19U0.J 



LITKRATIRE. 



'I'hl< KiMhllp I if SlMlllMlllptllll •••>'<■ ill lll-< |<M'lii. ■' Ki i III. i'l %< K 

 <r MiHAt'Liw IS Kkliukin (.Vliirr»y, Sm.) tlmt h*< HmI hi>|if<l i<> 

• '\|iitn<l thi< Hiilti-kii li*ctiir<-<i, bikI ki'|il. thfin hack fur wniio 
I inn- for thai <-ii<l. In tlwi« ilit,v>t of liiia.v Iti^hniw ni< iiiik) !»• 
Ki'ul)>fiil for ••vi'ii n 'ikc'ich of a niiI>ji-oI, thnnch it Ih- ihh 

iiiititl III Hiich II iiiiiHoiiliiM*, M'ii»!lili', an)! H<-h<iUrly iinn 
(.vKi'ltiin'i. Till' iiiiiin inli-ri'^t of llii> iHHik lio in ili crilici%iii 

• 't l'»lc.v hikI hix fiilliiwiTn. Ki-vi-lHlioD emu, »».v« Pali-y, mily !«• 
iiiiiiIk liy iiiirHuli><<, iiikI Ki'Vi'lalinli In " • iikimhki- rrmii (imi, 
'iiiircyiiii; iiiti'lllKftici' nl a riitiin* nlatn of n-wanU aiiil punish- 
iiii-iitn, ami tt-achiiiK inankiml how tn pn>|ian< th<-iiiiiflvaii for 
iliat »latf." Moxli-y ami Newman an- far i-ii<iii;{h n-iiinvf<l 
iniiii thin Hiarvi'lini; kixI"'' ; y*'l Mozli-y laiil that iiiiracl<-'< wi'n- 
ni>c«'»iuii'y iiM ihr " it'iariiiiti'i' ami vimicIht fur a rcvflatiiin," anil 
Nfwiiinn's raiiiiiiiH i>-iN»y ili'clur<~i that ihi- |M-c-iiliar ulijii.'t of a 
iiilriicli> IH " to fviili>iie<< a iiH>«'<at{i' frmii (tiMl." I>r, Lyttcltnn 
IHiiiilt out how llllcrly thiH \t nl ContniNt with thr A (nmI !<•!>' 
iiii'lhiiil iif pn-M'iilliii; rliriKliiiiiily, an'l with tin- nlliliiile of our 
tioril Hiliixolr. MiniclUM ar« ere lililo I ociinso nf < 'hri.iuioii v. 
mil not Chrlatianlty lieoauae of mlrHOlm. 



Dr. ThoiiiBM B. Kilpatriok'M rHBiirriAX Chakaitkr (T. ami 

T. ("lurk, '2m. M.) iiiny Ik< il«»HOrili«>il nn a haiiillKMik to ('hrii<tiaii 
pmctico. It is <tiinply writtoii nml armiiKOil with Kraut rlmiriiO'i'i. 
Wo <<hnul(l iiniiKiiie It will lie oxtreiiiHly iiMoful to tho«e wIiims 
ilitHcult liii.siiies.s it In to tench or to prmich tlint whirh li often 
ill-taught mill Hehloni preached Myxtonintinilly. 

Sthkniith asi> Bkaity, liy .1. R. MilU-r, D.I). (HiMlihr ami 
Stou>;litoii. ;ki. till.), contaiiiR a acrifs of spiritual moraiizin);* 
on ri>li)<;ioua topioa. Dr. Milliir writfH ann-valily, am) ha.^, 
on the whole, »t«>ere<l cltiar of exceasive iiloaliaiii ami m>iiti- 
ini-ntaliMiii, ami his Iniok may be reoomnieiuleil as a inilil apiritiial 
.itimulniit. 

In Old Crsbuh and Xkw BnjKra (Blackwood, fia.) Dr. Gray 
make* a laudable attt'iiipt to hold out the olive branch to tiion* 
who, whilnt holding; to the unaeiitialii of the Christian faith, feel 
the mK>d of reconiitructin^' imuiio of its formula* no as to bring them, 
if |Mi«8iblu, into hannony with the acieiitiru- rei|uirfmfnt<i of the 
day. Believing that thcolofjy ia a ncicnce, he aimvrtti ita pro;,'n>»- 
8ivo character and the fcanibility of its adjuNtnient to other 
divine revelations in the world. They who halt Iwtween two 
opinions (Dr. (Jray haa no nieatia);e for those who do not aoce|it 
the truth* of revelation) will liiid the well-reasuiuKi volume lieforo 
'tis very iiaeful. 

In .^KHMONs AND ADDRasaita (William Blackwood, 7«. 6d.) 
Profo.tsor Flint pives us a series of plain, practical meditations 
well i-e:uioiied out and animated by great earnestness. To the 
profi'».ior Christianity is the absolute religion not, of course, 
in the Hegelian .oensc of the word anil the shorter " cate- 
chism " the most jiorfoet expression of the same. He is 
«t his best in the seniions •' Th'e Earth is the Lord s," 
*• Claims of Divine Wi.sdom on Young Men," and " Chris- 
tian I'nity," though he narrows his concejition of the last- 
iiniiiod by excluding all those who do not .«hare certain tboologii-al 
lieliefa. 

In rxrAMiLiAR Te-Xts (Hodder ami .Stoughton, 3a. 6il.) Mr. 
DiniNilale T. Young has seleoted a niimler of out-of-the-way 
tt'xtii, or, rather, biblical phrases, as pegs wheVeoii to hang some 
interesting iiddies.seH. St.nie of his applications are a trifle far- 
fetched, and ho is rather given to lieing gramli[o<|uent. Why- 
speak of Christian Tliuimtology or a Visiialiseil Deity f And 



OTHE& K£W BOOKS. 

PlilUMithi>ep«M ta I* 



Kir Kilwanl yty* miwtir iif Jamm H4<-m TrKS(l 
7*. Ihl.) )• an Mlnilrnlilc l>l>iKni|t|iy, IbiMigli Ihr aiMkar 
hU work only a< a " imtn»lr." ami fbinn only In ka 
piled " II, with tb<< a«*U(aiuf t4 Mr*. Tuko. friNB T 
letter* ami |Hi|M-n<. In any t-ttm', a u«r^nl wtirfc kaa li 
IMirtly lai-aiiM- Tuki-'* iiiiM-lfl«h ••sj'ni^Hwilrwrvr lo hr 
and {tartly lifi-aiiw llM-y lltu^irale tht- liMiiry nf Irrlm 
till- laai half itMilury. Tukr »s* nni a Homh* Kulrr. wi 
a pnitHiniietMl |Hitltlrlan on ••ilbfr vitlr ; ImiI iwi | 
whellier KiikIIiIi "T IrUh, worknl hanlrr Uf Ihr (■■■' « 
He had ik> |Mrliciilar ■■••iiiM-xioti with Iha- nrtiiilry. )• 
a Imiiker at Hitehin, Mho iiiiKhl liate •atUAi^l I 
Willi a tour III IktiH-gal ami n in a « I 

Bill ll wa» iHil ill hU iialuri* >' . - mHt. In 

IAI7 III- luiil vixitiil the wevl of Iri-laiMl in nHn|any 
William Kor»ter, tin- father of the lale I'hlrf Hrrrw^ary 
M1-II IIh' vliiN-klliK revull* of (niiiliH- aiul etirllnn, parlia 
tlui Imroiiy of lirrU, wli<>r«< ibr alijt^-l mlarry fif il-" •' 
M-arci'ly •«• ifc-wrilml. A far Inm l«>rrilib> ftif 
have left an indelible impn-wion no Ibr nlntl nl ■>■ 
onliiuiry himuiiilly. It wa< iiaiural. Iht^n, Ibal villi I 
of laid tiiiM-n in later yi>ar< Tiike aboalil be farsMoat la 
of raiiiiiK relief funds and uf ot|pmfad«c t«Blcn»li«Hi 
distrewu'd dUtriels. The l^ml La-a((itr wa« t> 
agrarian miinlep), many ttt llN-ni «lill fr*^ i>' 
rei-olleelioii, wi<re of fntpu-iit oeeiim^uce. Tllkr 
igiiiinil the |M>lltirat ami reliniiMM Imulilr* of Iha- I 
rei-ogiiixiiig that many of thoni anm- fr<m emonn. 
Ilia uliuont lo reach tbt* «<iur<-e of the evil. |{4... . 
courM', couhl Im> no iwire than leraimrary palliallvrs, I 
wnrketl hani al adinlnUtering them, ami «parr«l aaill 
nor streiiKth in hio effort to <ave IIm' |H'<it>l<' frnw ■) 
His joiiriuils deverllie in striking iletail bow ttM> W«at 
|Mior live and die. He was e<)iuilly efM>rs<<lie \m | 
sehenHM of emigration, and saw. » Save Im« 

enough, that an unfertile soil will n<'i any en 

popiilntioii. Tiike had hin apinians. ao iloulil, wbm 
onlensl evielioiis, when priesta <llaFaai«|p<ri emiicniUMi 
agitators admittisl that i-ongevlnl ilislriets fumiabrri I 
■• a very gnoil mUuu d'ttrr." But lbr>*e ,j,.._ii.-,.. 
religion, ami Home Rule wen> Irmleil by bim ^' 
own soli> olijm-t was to Improve Ibe material am iraiiis 
ditlon of the iimntry, ami of |M>lities be «■«« IIMI 
iiieiilenlally. His biographer also has k< < 
ground, ami. though In-Uml was not ; 
iiM'ful and lieiievolent work, baa rit'''^ '" 
|Mrt of the Imok to his Irish failMNirs. ^r Vti- 
doubt " how far the life of a Quaker l«nker in a eow* 
or the shipiiH-nt of eniigraiiis from the l«irn>n and mmI 
Connaiight " will inten<st ih<> n-ading pulilie : fnr I 
tlmt, if the n<e<>iit bistnrr of Irelaml is of iiapiwianre 
just one of the lamka that shtmid lie read in roMiFaiaa i 

John Ollwar HoblM^ Play. 

The •■ ilmiiin in lhr>>«> nets '* wbleh baa \wm reprint 
author friMn thi» .■li<<;/i»-.S>iy,>t, Hrrirtr, is lb, !>» e 

of a brilliant writer to express berw-lf thr  rari 

which aeeins to us, we eonfrsn. to he Im- ^ alk 

naturt> of her genius. " John diver HoMv- ,.. ... .te al 

pnwe artist of a very Snlshetl type, whrtw stnfigtb was « 



40 



l.ITERATT'RE. 



[January 



iMlrr* HobbM " aiglM fcr Mktv artiaHc warUa In conqiN>r ( and 
inOoBKkX kSU r«»YXS(LjilM>, a«.6il.n.|slK>ilivilc»rritii-i«ii«liaii 
rUhii*alr> all<<ai|>l ■( |>or«Io lnijr«ly. Kmwi iIm- |>ur»«ly litt-niry 
|a>tal of virw it i» m cn><lilaltl>* ffliirt. Thf miUMir's blniik vonw' 
i« <nuUii^. it i* (MM, ill flt<\il>llity aiul in \iiri<*ly of o«<lciio«\ aiitl 
iIm> MunmriM of its rbythia, tou i«n'ly n-lii>V(Hl iiy bntkiti tiiH*K, 
|inidacr« at la»t au rtrvt f4 BMWittoiiy. Biit thi> laiisiiaKt* io not 
lackinii pillM*r in fiircp Mr liioliiictioii, anil iHt-a-iitnnlly nt tbi* 
iut<*liarr wtmpiit* «>f iIh- tlraitia it ktr!ki>« n nod- of p-iiiiiiii' 
|MM>itin. IVtm^ik'ntl ill ib'laclM'd mi*iii*!<, onr iiiiulit <>\lrn<-l mnny 
I n I —J,! a fmm "<KlK>rii aiMl I'mym* " of tlititiiii-t |iiii>tic mi'ril. It 
i> a»  Uimaa thai it k'avi-o s<> miirb to Im> <li*«ire<l. Tli«- cliarncti>r<< 
<>f tji» tncady mv Im om* or two iiu|iorlant iii«tNiiif'> ilm«ii with 
iii%M>cteat fteai' iw of mit lim* ami tli«> Ktory !•> not tohl with tlii> 
iHvrikMU^ lucidity. Thf n-laliuu in whioh (Klierii ami I'rKyiu* 
>i.iimI to ««<>b t^hit i« too vairufly imIioatiHl, ami tlii> uiiiul of tlio 
nvili-r. a* proiialtly vnulil la- tbi- oaM> with that of thf* H|M><'tator, 
i* iiuHlninatt'ly |iM>|«in<il for tbo rala«tn>|ih<> nf tlu'ir fatt*. 
'• John Oliver Holilw-. " «ilt hav«> to K-aru how lo ict't an ••nrlii-r 
Brip upon lH*r aiHlicnce if t,h<* in to Im> n Hii>-<i'>sfiii ilraiiintiHt. 
But »hy «b»uKI '•hi* lalNMir to a<i|uin> this now form of urt to the 
nvslert of tJwl in wbirh *he cxcrls ? 

A F«««ttlUMMi ea tk* VTavw 

M. KiliiK>iMl l)<'nH>liii- i-iilrv«<lyfavoural>lykiio«-u to tba'Britinh 
|Mililii- through hi* work- on mliiratioii ami on AnKln-Snaoa 
aii|»rioritr. In a kri^f pain|>hl<>t tran>lat<><l iimlor tho titip Bonn 
JK Kxouaa : Who xwk ix thb Kiomt'/ (Loaih-uhnll Htphk, 1m.), hp 
riHlravoura to n>>liH'<> tlw Tmiutvaal <|iu>stion to it>i lokn>«( ifriiiK. 
Hi« vU-m i» that m>itlK-r iIk> riuhlH of tlio Kram-hiw- iliMpiito nor 
(he tonr of Mr. Chamlirrlniirti Hpt-pchos ami <h*Npal<'li<-s ir> worth 
•-oaaidertNK ; to liiariim tiM-M> Ihinpt ih inrri'ly to ooiifunp the imiip. 
Tb<« OMM poiat wortb mii}>iih>rinK. in hin pxtiinatinn. in that here 
trv a HiiriMr aaal aLowvr CivilinatinntHinleiMlinKror llieinaHtPry ; 
■ml be artnc*" that. «iM-n that happ«Hi«. th>> HIkIxt C'ivilisalion 
l« wpr fm rily in th«- right : othcrwiw it wouhl l»o m'«>w«iiry lo 

' Min noi only lh<> rx|nn«tnn of Knclaml, lint iilso tin- <>xpanHinn 
r r-amt* ami Kimua. It w-niiici Havi' ii irr<>nl iIphI of truiihlp if 
M. DAaollaa' p«<inlryuM-ii. ami mir ron-imi critic-M firpiiorally, 
wn«M apfwoMli Um aubject in this very praotii-al Npirit. Hpr<>. 
of coarnr. be U prmrhiiie nainly to iIm* converttil, thouKh 
t>;«t«> aiv Cnic<l«b joumali'itK and otban who idIxIiI peruiw his 
inKm with advantaitP. 

TIM NaUooai Portrait Oallory. 

StsimtxL \VouTm«.i (C'iiii»tablf, 42-i. n.) ix a lM>auliful IkhiV 
t4i poiTii. It ia a miMli-rate-Hisctl quarto, liamlMim«*ly boiiml, 
cHilainiiid IM |>lalPM rfpmcliir«>«l from {TortmitN in Hit; Nalioual 
Portrait (talb-ry. Tb<- sflo<-t|on i% a cotnpn'hi'nHJvo om*, and 
'>i{ with Ihf QiiiiMi, work bni-k i-hronoh>gicnlly 
Tlwy art- wi-ll rf|inMlii<-i><l. ami iit thf t'ml 
f lh«- Mibjwt «f iTU-h iiiclnrc, with some 
.1 'iim hi« or hi'r work. Tlui»«' iir«' enrp- 

fully aliHiP (tbuiish *<• ohouUl iioti* that Ihi- Diiki- of Wi'llin^ton 
wa» nnl lh<< ftftb Min of Rii-banl, fintt Karl of Moriiiiijjlon, hut 
iIm- third kmi of Garrrl. firot Karl of MorniiiKtou). Th<' work 
Kainst aiuf-b from b>-in|c of a liamly nitw. Ah a ni-oni of f;r<<at 
iiit<T<«t ami tM-anty, lliit-traliiift both Rngliah hMory ami 
KofCiiab art, it i> to be warmly wpUfiai««l. 

The FamrMM H*hA» HcrW (Oliphanl, AmlprNon, nml Fi-rrU-r) 
naintaiaa. wllb a fpw l•xn^^^^m», a koimI I<-*i>I of iiH-ril. The 
taint atUilion lu It ia GcoaoB BtiHAXAH (la. fltl.l, )<*gtin by 



tht' {airtra 
to thf Bin' 



•okHtjr of thf i<rfbnm«r'whp emn» to Uir Kvfomu 
thi' Rcnni»sanr«>, wbh thorxiiiKhly iin-Sot>tch In hi> 
M'llKioiiH <ht;;uinK ami nii'tnphyNii>n, nml cot on ri> 
 m-liiousm-oH or fiTVonr. Tho fhol that Mr. Cnni 
diM-liarpil the tmtk of coiuplotlon miciitintoly tp 
Bot 4>ntirrly reiiioTp, our rt»trn>t that the b<K»k wai 
by Mr. Wallaw. 

Tha Navy. 

To writti an account of e>i>iy intcrpRtiii;: Hi-tii 
by owr Xavy from th«» time of AlfWil to th<« fal 
obrioiuly nu sninll matter, ami Captain Ranllov 
.in (>«K X.vvv KoK \ TiioiMAND YuAUH (Saniii 
can hnnlly he siiiil to have »uci'o«I««<l in HC<'onn 
•atinfactorily. Hi» niuhitiun wai to connwt nm 
with hiatory, and thu book i« at once too acrious 
•noiigh. The ponoral tender will probably 1 
intendwl for boya, and boys will think it intttndi 
apite of the illustrations, many of which ar* rep 
intareatin}; old prints. Captain Kardley-Wilir 
much space to purely military o]KTHtions. To inol 
tion to Renin and the lato Nile campnigu in n 
Kary is to show n want of perspective. Hni 
oflbora and hlnejacketB are on laiul or rivti 
preaance in inland cain|>ai^n>x dpinoaatrataa nt 
feteaey of ot-r purely military furcaa tha* thai 
Thair preaance at Latlyainitli at the prerent tiina 
proof of this. 

Luca SiKnopelll. 

Ll'i'A 81UM111FXLI, liy Mnufi Cruttweil (Bell'c 
6s. n. , 110 pp.). marks a distinct advatioe on tli 
ItAlianiuasters which have alieady appeiired in tl 
Ciattwell's iiair.o is uew to us, but slw has showi 
caieful aiul thoughtful student of Kena'stance ar 
us in this suiall voliinut an accurate' and concisi 
that is known alniut Lucn Signorolli, from his bii 
set city of ancient Cortuna, about 1441, to his det 
town 82 years later. Messer Luoa's training u 
I'mbrian {tainter Pit-ro dci Franceschi, and 1 
flucnco which the Flon-iitini's Antonio Pollaiiioh 
exerted uiKin thi? ilevolopment of his genius, are 
and full justice is done to the artist's xxuberante 
conception of 1 odily ntntn^rtb and I eauty. "T 
temimrary painter," says .Moixdli, '' was it given 
human frame with the like dejiree uf pHssioo, 
ttrength." And, as Miss Crultwoll justly adds," 
haa ever conceived humnnity with the same stately 
the same broad spirit." " .^^ignorolli is," as si 
" before all, the paintnr of the di^rnity of hu: 
master of Cortona was formerly supjMve)!, on t 
hil kinsman Vntari, to hnvu hetn one of the art! 
Pope Sixtus IV. to do<-onit<' his cha|H>l in tie Vnl 
two fTtsc<es thiTO asciitXHl to)iim,oni1 is iiow^inii 
to be the work of PinturiiThio, while the othir, 
death of Mosea, was pinkably painhd by his fo 
tolommco ihdla (tatta. Such, at least, we ar^ 
opinion of the latast critic*. Vaaari's statement 
well points out, is nnsupporte<l by any docum 
and Signorclli I'oea not scam to hare viaitod Rom 
iator period of his career. The great freacoea a 
remain Mespor I.uca's chief title to tnmf, nn- full 
among the reproductions of details fiom thei 
which a<?Orn the book we are plail to n-e tlie 1 
tlw maatar u hn nainhxl hiinri-lf. fic!n bv sidi 



January 13, I'JUO.] 



LlTKRATl RK. 



Iiii gift of tlu' liiiat iif ('olcriilgt' t<> \Vi-»liiiiii>t«-r M>\my. N<rrMor 
AS Oi TijxiK UN Lirr. ((it'org^i R«<ll, Aa.) lurt' M-li-ctii>iui niaiU^ from 
Ilia prlvutt! MSH. Iiy Mr. M>liti>n Martili) mt Um) r«<qiM<«t of hia 
I'xootitrix. Tlii'y coiiaiat of ahort aiwl M'liti'titioua aiiuptitbacBMi 
Mil any «iil>j«-ot that iii(fr<'aU'«l tlii-ir author. Hoiiii< of ihcm wn 
worth |ircM'rviiiK, Imt oth)<r* alight aa well lutvi< n'maiiuNl lii Um' 
I'liiiitiioiiphicc look, wliiTc, no (loiitit, they wfre jottitl ilown 
.Milioiit niurh fart- for their lit«'r*ry form. Kor inatann-, wf 
ii.Li'lly know what to mnkr of thit fullowing «<-nt<'iH-«>a, (>ach of 
thi-ni n ciirnplftr ({iiotntion : " It ia o«rtatn that if yon phan|{i'4l 
Ik nmn'N [Oxiti'inR hi> wntihl have aomcthin^; to Irum of hima<-lf 
to thi< mil ; hi'n< ia the wonih-r of tho aonl." '• If yon wrlti- • 
tiook of human nntnro for yotirM<lf, ynn will nixl that yon can 
ftftrrwarti gi-t' much of it hi-forc other*. " " Tho langimgi- of 
t'rnina ia an orcnniam of aonl." TIiito ia plenty of grain in tho 
liook, lint thi- hirpi' ndniixturi- of chaff showa a h»clc of diac>rttnlna- 
tinn on thi- part of the tMtitor. 

A Naw AUaa. 

An ntliiN or Hfventy-iMKht plutt^o tIrvottHi tn KuglaiHl ami 
Wnl)>M ulono in it triumph o( H|M>i-itili<tni, unit Thk Kuyal Atlam or 
K^ULANl) AMI Walkm (N<>wn(-i, IIW. ), rttluDtl froiu tiH> onluunrc 
MU-vt-y, ami iilitc)! Iiy Mr. J. (i. Uurtholunu'W, K.K.O.H., 
I'i'rtaiuly couUiiuH a ((r<'ul vurii'ty of i«|mtIuI infuruuillou. U«>!Hiilt>» 
iIimIv-oiiu nmp^t ili-votitl to ilitri>n>nt M'ctlouH of the country, 
iImk' uro cIkIiIo'U pluuH, k'^'i^K tho stni'tH of our uioxt 
iiiiportnut touiiH. No l<>!t!« than four ilral with I<oii<lun, the mn|> 
of the London niilwny* lioiufr ttipcciiilly u-M'tul. Th<- llr>t 
Nixtccu plutcH ciicli prc-MMit hOuio !i|M>cial fcatur*' <'cc-li>siiiKtical 
iliviHiouH, (U'uxity of population, milwnyx. K'-oloKi*'"' featurfM, 
monthly touipcriiturc, rainfall, nn<l so forth. Huck a work 
ilisnruiH criticism, lint the niont i((i>omnt of ^tcoicmphy will no 
ilonlit tli'liKht in iittciuptint; to (lixcovcr kouic slip in the plan of 
II town with wliicli he happeuH to lie familiar. Thi> un<lerKriulunte 
of .MaKilalvn, Oxfoitl, may even Ih' a little iii<liKiuint to lliiil that 
the tielil where the .Mapluleii school lioys play Ih eallnil the 
Mu^laleii CoUcKe Cricket (JrouiMl— « very different anil »u|>erior 
l>Jace. The captions mi|{ht also Im> dis|mse<l to cpu>Htlon why a 
iiiii|i ii( the ("liiiiiMil Isliiiii's ..hoiild have lie«>ii included. 

Funk and NNiikiiiiII -. ^imleiit's Kdition of a Stamiahii 
DkTIONAHY of TlIK KmiI.IsII LaMH'AUE (ICs. M.) S4'<MUS to us to 
iittnin the Kohieii mean lN'twe«"n excess and defect of h'xico- 
^raphicnl hire. Win eiioUKh to <M'rve all thi> i>iir|>os«"!« of every- 
day life, it is also small euoUKli to lie Imndlisl easily. It C4>rtninly 
contnins Aiiiericiiiiisiiis : we tiuil the word " voluntary," for 
example, (jiveii as a sulistantive, e<|nivah-nt to " voluiit<'«>r." 
Kut it limy Im' nseCiil, none the Ii>hn, to Kii|;lisli students. The 
appendices are almost on the scale of \S hitiiker's Almanack, 
iiicliidiiii; inriirmntimi iilMint weights nud measiir<-<<, and cht'iiiical 
elements and trigonometrical fnuetinns, to){i-thcr with lists of tht* 
pilgrim fathers mill si|j:iiat«ricsof the Declaration of Iiidep^-ndenco, 
Mild instrnctioii in shorthand, and the art of comM'tin^; pniofs. 

AprKAKAMKs, liy Mi-s. Alfreil PiTipi (.Inhn I,<m)(. '/a.Oil.), isa 
iMKik of hints to those who, having only ttWM n year to live upon, 
wish to liv«» so that their neifchlMinrt may li»>lie\-e that they havn 
mon'. The hints are not all of iMpuil vnlu«>. Tbf anK)(«>ntioii, 
for example, that we shoiihl rtsluce our lintcher's hills liy luiviiiK 
sprint; nnioiis iiistciid of meat for siip|>«>r ilo«*s not strike ns as a 
counsel of perf<>ctiiiii. On the other hand, the sUKK«<stion that 
housewives slionid know enoiiKh alioiit hoiis4>work tn lie nlile to 
train yoiinf^ servants instead of jiayin;; thi> hiKhor waK«'s of 
ex(K>rience«l s<-rvaiits is olivioiisly worthy o( attiMition : thoiitrh 
it iiiipli<>s a staiidHiil of coin|ieteni-<' aniitn^ honsewixc^ u hirh 
they liy no means invariahly nttnii). t)nr see|iticisni i~ I 

nroiisnl liy the ii-pr<>s<<ntation that a house can lie  ^ 

furnished for an outlay nf alMiiit t'lOO : and we can or 
our ii>;jret that Mrs. I'm^a did not pi into details <m i i 



■hiUI Uk« Ik* fonn of abaUMOM (ran 

thai aiMb ImmI ia ptHraioatlir m«I Moralljr i«jMl««a, Im 

a atBtaOMOt wliieli U not wanMrtHi hf i — • 



At i— ii w l llMt* ara »> Ml>4ila <*»!<» Ut ttmjf 
i nor oMi Mm* k» aaltt mmmmmtm 
in MMjr <liVc«Mit aUmmta* tmd tm aMagrg 
l«rinr t0 lkalff«aiil*M«MM I 
^1 ; bar, wtlwrwiiirrtmif ly— I 

bHia ua -■ iwwarv or ftiiHlMI dHWfW iS M|)r ^Mt paM 
Mr. Cterfc hM •vidratfjr Mirt • tim» dUmt a 
trmAWapoBM* Ktorara or^«^ -^■'. 
which h» dtMribta m • MMlaa»> 
CoMMionwfalth." mhI ialmU far uw uw •« uara 
■ohoola and c..||«gM> KmIi clMafar (b«la wink mmmm 
oonaartiil with Amrriaan naMBinl Mainiy or Ow 
OiMMtitutian, ami for tiix atmAy of omIi • llii «l 

" tOpica " ia lif>>\ id.ll, aa well ■• a ■rlrrfii.n of <|IM< 

a hibliofitai hm, »a| iw ; t a lly 

tu ioatntctn . .ti|til8 in " ci*i> 

book a nal b.dp. whilv tiia cMiafol bajiogiafiiji ■* Mm 

rolnnii' ahouhl a{>|>( al to a widrr cirrfe. 

Wmilr Maaijiu Ha9II>aui ami IM— allli 

Volume in whieh Mm. Bmma K . na r l l Cl oo g ll 

ex|M>riMM«i and obam-vationa aauuc Ibe Miili— HI 
many evrloM o«rta«a and prlaritlTv baIMb of wh 
(oiiiid iracwi ■■iniigil tbl» ToIukm Pwiah Mb*, awl \ 
have a cerlaia valaa> for aiithrmmlnglata Bt tl 
piililic the lionk will tm wt^lniMast ' 
misnioiuiry work anMmc Um biuablrs' 
' '^ III hern India. It tt- ' ! ' .. --^MKi 

... the lilis.,ini;s iif ' rilttal r« 

.......^lit liy (he iiilriNhicli. ... . -;iwn wmri 

Aiivira Tti Hixnia U'ouis. : •■ Haydn Brown (Bnwdi 
is a tract which inform* siiiK>*' *<>iiMit bow thvjr May i 
stdven allmclivt* to siiiirle men by Ibo aimpli* ■H'wii 
can* ef thi'ir h4*nlth. Th.. .mrh'-ir nAiumltv ffii. t.* 
details of n somewhii' 
lift n iiior«> (Mtient hi- 

tak)-s hnmd views on the suhjeet o( " luakinit «p " 
(hat " fmddinic is (|iiile a leirilimati* pniet'alun-," ami 
cnniiot reiisoimlily niid fault wilb ilnsm IniprtiTi- 
do«>B .M'. Haydn Itrown eom»> to ln> «<> annhwr-. 
know that dn>Hs impmrer^ .f fkabinn ? 

In THAvai.Lims roa i t. 2». n.\ Mr, L. ' 

fdnl I ,.pr<Mlll|.f.« ItlfH' •' innilUt>. ' Ciilif ribii*' 

'»/,..,.., iM.I ■.ih.-i- |.:i|>.M,. Their toiif II : 
.Mr. W . K. Henley umhI t. himmi hi« ' _\.."in;;  

claaa emotions ar«< ffniii  far<< of a Phili« 

The essays, mainly abuut walking totira, arw goal ••( tf 



TWO ECCLESIASTICAL BIOGRAP 

A Laadap of Rwllstoa. 

Hi nil I..kTiMr.u, by R. M. Carlyl* and A. J. Cat 
latest volume in Mcmts. Matkwm's " I.4ad«i« of 
(:tH. Oil.). It may bn cionMml bow far I^timi r «■» 
rolisiaii, bat a similar ilouht miichC bo ania(Mlod wk 
uMn r i i of thoaa who appear in Mr. Baadrimt'a oieall 
awl whan no ROod a hook an tho pr»>«ttt im wnttri 
rranoa to complain of Ui<> fivm in whirb it appmrs. 
Mrs. Carlyla haw frivcn a clear. ri|c<irDi», and rradat 
the grtrnk Rnylish l*rol» itant ptiauhtr. They hai 
extenuated, and eartainly thoy haro aoC dcara noocht 
They do mit appaar to ha*» laila BMrh aporial nmmn 
hara not oaad tba iinealandarMl dot^onoo^ in tka R* 
(laaliitK with tiia mont important part •>< l.atinMr'« l> 
p ai m a n w alao in rontem|vatary a ii tw s sesnn to ba 
their notiro, aa, Itar i wt a ara, Sir Tkonoa Mora's Amm 
tioii of LatinMr. a* ho ram* ftoai takinc tho oalh to t 
sion. lanichinic and sfortinx " an thounb he bad aasod 



48 



LITKHATIKE. 



[January 



•Mmt 

•luanu 



taiBt : Ikii in >t. .\miiiiu«k ^lhii-k«<>rtJi bikI )'•>.. •'■».i tin- lUic ile 
fkufiik ba* Wl  Mtbjrct iui< unworthy »f an Aeadcmucimii. Vot 
«• cMi hanlly mv that he haa am\» • Twjr ii»ii|>iriii«; uae <>f hi« 
iiH>MU»Bitiaa. Th* rt>luiu« to on* <4 • mtm* <>f Uvm <>( tho aaiiita 
wWelk niUMr1>n«il. S.J., telU lu in hit i>i«iM«, to daaiguMl 
U> W toMKlHl un fact* nithar Uian u)miii tho fictitma which hatr* 
mmiit an many |ie<i|4a iiii|atit>iit <>( ha|;i<>|iig}-. Th« dintiiixuiKliud 
aatliar haa »< altt^ther fallen in with thia aji|>irBti»n ; Imt our 
Mtt eoaqtlaint aKainat him ia hia dulnaaa. Amhrtwe ha<l iwm 
<4 tiw aoat ruHMitie ami, iniicMd, amasinf; rumen in hiatory. 
V> Um Biahofinc »4 Milan uimW cimimatAiioea altniiat 
in th« Weatarn Church, at a time whan th« poww 
was within ann'ii Ungth of deatniction, he wea • 
• fmiliaellor as well aa a faithful |>rrlat«. the frion<l ami 
of "nieadtiaiut aa well aa his chastisor. HiiiuiwamI 
>f lni|iarial fariHir, hia haughty inun<ival)ility when tiio 
righta uf the Churrh were threatened, his calm delianco of the 
Ikreata »( eoaBuea, his Ubours aiMl joumeyinga in defence of the 
8tete, hto dnoMtic interviews with Justina and Maximus, his 
fwMtml aennun owr Theottoaiua in the conjtH-turod prefeiMse of 
Alarie— all this contains the makinj^s of a story full of colour 
and Tivarity, a {lerfect nwnanoe uf biofnwphy. To these |>os8i- 
hilitiea the Due je Br>i((lie haa not risen. All that can lie said 
•4 what be haa written is that it ia a useful little volume for 
nI mm u M. Nor d<iee he always know his subject thoroughly. 
Becaot Ambmaian literature is evidently unfamiliar to him ; 
•thanrise he would have known that Father Van Ortniy haa 
•UaMltohad the togendary story, which Kubeiu |iainte<l, of the 
s«ia» betvaan tbe aaint aiMl Theotloaius after the maaaacre at 
Thaoaaluoioa. Miaa Margaret MaitUnd'a ttmiiaUtion niiia smoothly. 

FRENCH PHILOSOPHY, 
■edam Pr*ael> ThoucbU 

M. LlK'i<-ll I>'\\-RrillirN HlKTUKV or MoDKKxPHIIXNtOrHVIX 

Peaxcb (K(>gaii I*aut, ri.«. n.) io nii unHatisfnctory Ixtok for many 
rraaoaa. Tbe prln<-i|ial ohjtftion to it sriM*)) out of the limitn- 
tioaa fanpu«rd n|ioa tbf author by his clioiiv of a KUlij<H-t. Modi'rii 
phOoaDphy may bavi* oriKituittNl in Kmnc<> with L)<>M-iirt<'N, but 
its MiMt inlcniitinK <l<'velo|MiM>iitN (cxca-iit, |M-rlin|>N, in tho 
<lepartnM>nt of politiciil philoMtphy) liavo t«ki>ii place in other 
maalries. Ho far as tliat dpveln|Nm-iit has Imo-u nielaphyHJcnl it 
haa taken fihif^ €-hi«'dy on (iomian will : w> fur hn it hnH lM>«>n 
poaitivp or niala-rialixtic it hnn (notwithntniKlinK tli<* cane of 
Coata^ Im><^ in iIm- main an KnKlinh dcv<>lo|Hm'iit. To writ<* of 
■adam |>liil<r«ophy with ^iMx-ial n'fm'uv lo Krant-c io, therefore, 
not alloKelber unlike writinft of HuakeH uitli !<|M-<Mal reference to 
leelsnil. M. I^-vy-Brnhl (lim-liMrK**" the tOHk by nienuM of the 
device of trretinK ax phil<>M>phen< a icooil nuuilM-r of writerw who 
bave no rraaonahle cUini to the title. He incliidift, for example, 
Bayle. Fmirier. K«*iian, aiMl Talm*. Hin hook, moreover, la<-kK 
that rUrityof ex|HiRitian which one ex|iPetM friMH Fn>nch writem. 
Kven in lb<* raae of ao nimple a philoMipher nn UouH>tenn he 
roatrive* tn hp dilBciilt ft> ftillnw by his Ind hnbit of tnlkint; 
roaml tbe «iibje<-l in«tea4l of icrappjinK with it mid tiiirhiK out 
tba heart of it. What depths of olmeiirity he would hn\e nltaiue<l 
if ha bad umlertaken to write of Kant or H<tcel or Fii-hle or 
liutap noe •hu<ld<Ti> lo inui4;ilH*. The Itook will not help studeiitN 
prvparinff for examination*, and is wMOowliat too |MNn|K>uit hihI iIuII 
far CPOffal n-a<linic. Tbe Ih^i thiiiKs in it are th<! |iortrait« of 
th»' |ihilnM>|ih<T>. The«- an- admirably reprnducptl. 

Mmmtmt laM«bllllir. 

K<»r the aiilhor o( I/lxr iRlLlTic Me.vtaLR, by C I.. Ihipmt 
(Ali'sn, Fr 7 '**). " hictital inotabilitv" ia an eaaential fact of our 



ctMK-luaioua M. I>ii|>t»t I'stntilishes a diattnetioi 
" a moral " Iwing, who is, if not absolutely bey< 
eventa <-er}- difKcult to cure, aitd tlio " iniinorul 
curable by in);ciiious ami unremittini; solicitmh 
reooounends a purely ))edngo^ic tivstmeiit, a so 
conducted re-otlucation, con.iistinf; of an int«-lli;;c! 



The Baala of Merala. 

Moral* ict Ki>i'<ation, l>y M. Felix T 
Fr. 2.a0), is far easier to reatl tliaii M. 1 
owing to ita more vngapiing literary form. 1 
exi'Ositiou of the main cxistiuf; philosophic 
discussion uf their educational value. Hu shows tli 
moralizing power, as much by tho severe discipliui 
of loyalty which it );ivt>s the mind, as from tl 
combats the two chief causes of our discuniN a 
ignorance and misery." There is no antagonism 
an<l morality, but there are, nevertheless, otii 
believing than reasons of a purely scientiflo sort. 
Pascal, a rr' rtiinoim </iir lii rtiUoii i>e foiinait jmia. 

Hut the <|uestion arises whether determinis 
system of ethics. M. Thomas does not think 
philosophers would do well to come to an umlc 
the meaning of the word " lil>erty," which haa, 1 
two utterly contrary connotations : (1) the a 
{lower anterior to the act- this is tho meaning 
tbe French spiritualists : (2) the sense of tho I 
soul aa a conreipience of an action, and accordii 
the act. This is the seiuu given it by tho tlieol 
former caae liberty ia a m«niiji, in tho second an n 
misundei-ktanding arises from tho confusion. 

After an vxamination uf the theory of " nior 
sanction," develupvd liy (Juyau with jH-ihaps i 
than solidity, M. Thomas studii>s in succeHsi<in : 

.%/i(fari«iii,- that is to tay, the doctrine whi 
feeling of solidarity the iiossiblo basis of nuirn 
author remarks justly tiiat " soliilarity is not chn 
essential character of " solidarity " is that it is  
This is evidently a fraitfnl ideii for ethicil inc|uir 

I'nutiminni . TIlis doctriiio, which has aln'a 
fashinn, contains nothing, according to the uii 
serve aa a basis for a system of morals. 

.■EMthetic Monti*. This offers likewiKo. 
advantage*, multiple dangers. The greatest is tli 
the hifu ar<* far from lieing one and the sanii 
H-sthetic morality is sufficient for a few jiors lis 
certainly not sufficient for the masses. 

/>i7ff<<iri<<ijim. This principle, which certain 
wouhl take as a guide of life, is e<|ually incM)«li 
M. Tliomaa, of ser^-ing as a solid basis for the mt 

Having esamineil and criticized theae sys 
devotes a chapter to the study of the old and all 
i|uestion of '• Duty and Interest." Ho shows w 
cfinatantly made of the '• cat<>goric«l imierativo 
iloctrines in general. He conmders the i eactioii 
fortunate from every |ioinf of view. It is high 
notion of " inteiest," in the sense asurilie<l to 
febouhl assume the place due to it in ethical discii 
the Kantian principles," says M. Thomas, ■' yo 
auooaed in making heroes and saints, but you will 
And it is riirii who are needml." 

Imlividualism is next studied simI defines 
malaily. The author moan* by " individualism 
apluur in the struggle for life, that nood of osse 



Jaiiimry in, 1900.] 



MTKRATIRK. 



CHRYSANTHEMUMS. 



All lliriiiiKli (Ih> l'lr<it k'"*! rit|itiin' i>r thi* •>|iriii|(, 
\\ hfii lilli-x lid tlifir Hiiin-^ nf •.fculitl viiow, 
Aiul (InlTiMliU likf <-r«-n<M-('t Aamt< dimI kIiiw ; 

Tliniii(;li nnloiint nf tlii' itiiiiiiiii'r ikhiiii llinl liriiiK 
A IIiinIi or trtipii' iH-itiily In llic colil 
AntI iir«<nr,v imrlh, iii oim> by nn« unfoltl 

TIm' kI'^i'X'*' *>' ilx' ui>>'<l<'>< : '<* IIk' ilxy 

\S lii'ii rroiii (he l»>ii|;li tli<> Iriivixi hang thin nml ntl, 
AikI r<iM-<> ilrimp with |M'tiil« hiilf oiit>i|in<nil . 

Aniiil nil i-hniiK*'^. chiitiKfliiM, \\v ill<|iliiy 
Only our ntunly fnliHK)'. hoImt |{>^'<'»i 

Alul Kivy biiiht xhyly iHt'pInt; out bflwc^'ii. 

I 

Till nt thi< Inot whiMi froxtM nml stormy rnini 

Hnvt" wron^ht thi-ir wontt n|Min the ilyinf; flmvpnt, 
Anil winter lonN it o'er fho ilnrlct-niiii; hoiir<. 

The flri> nf Humnii>r hid within our vpin* 

Bnrnti in n hlnB«> of lionnty, nnti onr «tort« 
Of (tnthrrtsl rlchi'»< pinilly w«> nntjioiir, 

Onm i« thr porfi-ot life timt hoitlH r<'|ir<>NM>tl 
•Sprinic. MMnniH>r, nntninn, in its <iwi>llln(( lin-nNt, 
And in lli<> winti-r kivi'^ the worli) its lH>i>t. 

B. I'AIL NEIMAX. 



Ipcvsonal Dicws. 

—  — 

A I'ATHKTIC IMPOST IKE. 

An oiiiinent jM'rson ]>re»i(lp(l nt n dinner eaten mostly 
l>y jiersons connected with the I'les.i. Kelying on the 
• harm of bis manner and the copiousness of the meal, he 
insinuated that his ideal newsjwjier was one which should 
;;ive its news without comment. Nervous titters, not 
many, echoed in the hollow silence which followed this 
confession. One felt that the sj>eaker had made an error 
in taste. In Kngland, in<leed, an idea is always regarded 
as an error in taste ; as something worse, if it sting a 
vesteil interest. No wonder that the commentators, next 
morninj; luid evening, were very angry with I^)rd Rosehery I 

Doubtless his plea for no comments was made in behalf 
of his own comfort and of the commonweal. Vet it might 
liavc In-en made, i)ersuasively, in U-half of them wiiom he 
addresseil. (rafts which degrade their practitioners ought, 
for their practitioners' sake, to he alwlished. Writing 
•■ leaders " and '' notes ' is one of these sorry crafts. The 
practice of it, more than of any other, de()end8 on and 
fosters hyixH-risy, worst of vices. In a sense, every kind 
of writing is hy|KK'ritical. It has to be done with an air 
of gusto, though no one ever yet enjoyed the act of 
writing. Kven a man with a sjH'cific gift for writing, 
with much to express, with perfect freedom in choice of i 



he liap|ien to have a t«l<>nt for tvritini; hi* woi 
but the more |«iuful, and hi* hyiiocruy tli« gnmi 
ebani-e* are, though, that th« tftlvnt baa aire 
sucked out of him by joumaiiaiii, that vunpire. 
too. he will have forfeitml uny fer»'our lie amy 
any learning, any gaiety. How can bf, tb« Jad 
preter, bold any opinion, fi<t>| any eoUiuaiaMn ?- 
leisure, keep bis mind in cultivatioo ? — be ap 
order, at unearthly hours in a wlir-r-rinK at 
order ! ^'es, sprigbtlineM is coni|HilMiry UiM< 
weigbtine<tK, and fervour, and erudition. He n 
to alxiiind in tbesi' a<lvantage», <>r another maa 
his place. He must dii>guiiM> himself at all oo 
disguises are not ••any to make ; they rr<|uii« I 
care, which he cannot aflbrd. So he moiit si 
ready-maiie disguises — hook them down, rati 
must know all the cant-pbrase*, the cant-rrfereoe 
are very, very many of them, and it must lie har 
them all at one's tinger-tifM. Kut, at least, th 
difficulty in collei-tinj; them. Plod through the * 
and " notes " in half-a-doxen of the daily jwi-'^ 
will bag whole coveys of them. 

Most of the moniing |ia|)en( still ilevote mi 
to the old-fash ione<l kind of " leader,'* in w 
pretence is of weightiness, rather than of fervoar 
liness, or erudition. The effect of weightineaa fal 
simply by a Htu[>endou8 disprojiortion of langnage 
The longest and moat emphatic word* are 
simplest and most trivial statements, and they a 
so elalwrately qualified as to leave the reader witl 
impression that a very difficult matter, which h 
cannot make bead or tail of, has lieen dealt with 
judicial and exemplary way. 

A leader-writer would not, for instaaoef aajr 
hini Hotibeiy luu mmd* a parmdar. 
He would say — 

i' irkethrr iHlrHfiotuit/y or athrnrim^ 



our rrttiUrt l« lirrulr. 
Lord Rottbrry,-. or, trilk trrmimj ftmri>-iioit, 

I or, ilouhtU»t jftrixy rr»n In llu alagfml 



\ trhifk U chanitttriiti< ^f htm, 

/ ,n T.^1..^ I. 
f.rprrtte'1 u fMlimriil ,\ lor. "•' 

or, uAtH OH himnflf U> I I '•'<>" 

A<l«\ rnuH.-iatf a ihrurti, -trktctfK nt, m mnv 

or, mt%ilf himtrlf rrtfKnf I \ for Ikiiti • 

tibit fur a ifiriMm, J I or, fv iit«y «ay 

V fitirofrvmtn 
I nrnrlij <i1im U), ) 
it or, H<>( rrry far tk* pttml^rirml. 
f rrtH'trr<{ fn>m, ) 

But I will not examine further the trick of 
ness — it takes up too much of my space. Ben<j 
long "leaders" are a mere survival, and will soon* 
altogether. The " notes " are the characteristic ( 
the modem news]Mi>er. and it is in them that thi 



44 



LITERATURE. 



[January 



Aad Imm mm ■«•» hw uu ritr m«tho4»oC ega ela ti o n : — 

A mmd mmWiI, m<f mmittm.' 
'Tu toM 'tis fif. <tMW fit<i 'tit *tM Im*. 
T%m9 i* MwrA m4«» M lAaf " •/'." 
BM IL»t, a* .Vr. X'iplMf wxHiM My, is aitcUirr story. 
9i mmt 4 ••»•, itv. 

or (Rgfal«r itjic) 

ITt/mry mr w w f iw JUrt tits tmrni ^ Mr. Bn^mim Tr*mt». 
\<»t I«* in#viubl«> are itach parallel ixnui m — 

Ltir T»pty, fitrkmp* it '' fivwW." 

Lih Urn Utis Ltnt Btrntm^liM sm • fmrnut ottasiim, " on On 
mis ^tka mmftU." 

LiLr Hrrr BmMt, " To lis low amd My nmjN'm." 

LUf IHinr IVM, •' IV sukfor hmwv." 

Liks dm* WoUsr't k w $t ri t df » of London, " nctrnsirt and 



■flotcs. 



• ot thf titiitwu-r ntHicvn of thf l.<i<- M>. Uliliu.ll KiHiii. 
Itfrior c4 BniXtrii. Norfolk. aiMl Holm- liw Mlitiir of llii- QtunUrly 
/imnr (writ<-« a ntrrmpontlmt J ■••fin li. havr »vprliH>ki-<l hi« friiiMl- 
»bip with Dirki'iiK. la UKI, wp kiMMT frntn Mr. Ki»n.riT'» " Life of 



lAt J T a yl wii, a Mmmt in "tins big hattaliant." 
Nor let as forget Pyrrhic- victory, I'arlhian dart, and 
Hoaierio lan^htpr ; <|UM deoa volt ami nil de mortois ; 
Stonn und Draiif;; niMterly inactivity, unctuous rev- 
titai!e, mate in^lorioaa Miltonn, and damned good- 
natoivd frends; the 8word of Damocles, the thin end 
of tiie wed^, the long arm of coincidence, and the soul of 
goodneaa in things evil ; Hobmm's choice, Frankenstein's 
iBOMt e r (when K. is not himself the monster). Macaulay's 
•efaoolboj, lionl Burleigh's nod. Sir Boylo Ivoche's bird, 
Maliomed's coffin, and I>avey Jones' locker. 

A melancholy catalogue, is it not ? But it is less 
melancholy for you who read it here than for them whose 
depends on it, who draw from it a desjierate 
I of seeming to accomplish what is impossible. And 
jwfc th r ae are the men who rlimnk in horror from I^rd 
lUiaebery's merciful idea. They ought to be mtted 
dc^tte themselves. Might not a short Act of Parliament 
be pwaed. making nil comment in daily newsixij^rs 
illegal ? In a way, of coarse, it would be hard on the 
commentators. Having lost the power of inde|)end<'iit 
tboaght, having sunk into a state of chronic dulne>s, 
apathy, and insincerity, they could hardly be expected 
to succeed in any of the onlinary ways of life. They 
ooald not compKe with their fellow-creatures ; no d(X>r 
but would be boile<i if they knocked on it. What would 
become of them ? Probably, they would have to ])erish 
in what they woukl call " what Sir. Goschen would call 
' aplmdid iwlation ' '~ But snch an end were sweeter, I 
I to tbem. than the life they are lemlinix- 

.MAX HKKKKnllM. 



<leMKMialrHlivi< llutii evor, nml had beaa ilr 
iM'iirtibourH who were rnmiiii; to Mm Madias. 
Iiiin, mid he wimiI iliiwii at aeveu with iim> t< 
wher«« I ilr<«NmNl, nnil sal liy I In- lire while I 
rhiUliithly happy in thnt pri \ i i<'«(i> ! niirliiK 
!«a« oil a romer of the plairoriii ami r.» 
He lirtHiKht in a latly autl t^•llllt•llmll to 
I was iiiiilreKHiiit;, niitl wi-iit nwny in a jM-rf 
rnplurt*. 

Mr. Klwiii was Joint exeontor with Mr. Just 
Fontor's will. Ainniif; the (IimmiiiiciiIn in thf! 
Iiuiulior of letterti ii<IiIii>nmnI liy KorHlcr (41 Die 
'• N|HH'iiiliy private." Th<>w they roiiM'ienliot 
the flanM>N with<mt previously exniiiiniiiK 'he ooiil 
for whom Mr. Klwiii eiitertniiiiHl the hiKhent 
re8|M<ct, (umhI Io a«l«lr<>KH him in his ohiirinini; 
ticar Prinittw*'," in nlluNion t« the r«'i'tor'n 
relri'at. Hi* was the proud ri'oipient froii 
Thackt-rny hiiiiHelf of the jf"''' I"'", i" it' 
with whieh the »h<ile of " Vunily Fair " 
nuirh cherishiHl uinrriiir of the famous novelist 
npi I cnjoytHl the privilege of a Cduvfrsji 
suhjci'ts Willi Mr. Klwiii, and nfl<Twnn 
ho|K> thnt his rominiHCt>nceH wniilil Ih* pla<>i*d 
Klwiii who had a scruple aftainst the piililii 
reminiscence's, said that he had not divuiKf<l 
what he could have Hiiid about men of lott«;r» of 
was iti a i>osition to impart a fund of infornii 
Lonl Lytton, Carlyle, Browning, and a dozen 
eminence. One curious exjH'rienci- wh» a dinm 
hurst's with three ex-LonI f'hitnrnllors I.yii 
Broufjham, and ("ranworth the ChMiiccllor for 
I..<jrd Cainpliell, and with Lonl Kinjisdown, whu 
riiancel!or>hii). Keforrinf; to his uditorship 
Kerieic (1851-1M07), ho olwor^ wl tliat, although 
for the jiost, he acci'pted it rather as a niattnr r 
after years often espreaacd surprise thnt it shoul 
offeted to him. The honorarium, howevar, wi 
fniin the pnuenlsof his editorial lalioursho was 
hia homely and sulvtant'al rectory -hiiiifo in the 
villa;:u which he had sen-cil so Ion'' and so faith) 



Iniliii is not I'xaetly tl:o chosen home of reli( 
and (wrhap* no one in the world is leiw likely 
iina(>inn that his deity woiilil interest hiiiixelf in 
unlMslievor. The foUowinf; <|uiiii.t anri characteri 
tiun from an old ami learneil llnilimin Ht Ma 
Profeswir Max Muller has achicvod a uni(|Ue (lis) 

Hhiu I saw that the Profecsor was wi 
trickliHl down my cheeks uneonaciuiisly. W 
frieutis who are »|>ui.iliii|; Ihu la»t days of the 
aid read with me llie " ltli't);ava(l-){ltl" and 1 
1 cK>kii. they wore all very much ovi rpowend « 
ni)tht when we were all fi"'")! to our temple 
siicctvstixl to me that we nhould hnve some 
{■•rfuniiid liy tile tample prii-st for hiniomr 
All m^ friHMiU fi>lli>n'<<<l me to tlie temple, ii 
the pi leal of our wifh, hii ritisod var oim ol>ji>cti 
not, he Raid, otfer pni\ers and chant hymns in 
who is not a Hindu hy birth. an<l. if he did r 
disiiiiaiuil from ihe («rvi< o aiul •xcomniiiiiit atr 
W •■ <lisi'>iiu.<.<| the subjiM-t with him at leiigUi, ai 
I'liife-M. r Max Millirr, thniigli a Kuropenn 1 
carb, wn« virtually more th^n a Hindu. \V 
irieiMlx offtiiiHl to pay him niiiiile teiiii.nernt 
consented, and wli< n the next day at chneii 

we cjlliii. fn <ku tAitinb. with ,*. M'tfiatiiif.a rt«iu'c 



Janimrr \A, 1900] 



fjTi:ir\Tf HE. 



In iiiir iiiit» Uint w««>k OH tb<< tuiw Frtnifh vi<nil<Mi of ttamlH 
ui' iiM-iilioiifil Ihiil till' itiilhona ili'ri-iultNl tlifir tmuiiUtion ol 
" WiiriiiwiNHl : MiiriiiwtMMl : " Hiiiiilft'x xkrliiiimt'ioii In tlu< play- 
c'uiiti, liy " Ali-iiiitliK ! iilmiiitlii* : " It ii worth mitlliK, bow- 
 vi>r, tlinl ilt iiK'iiiiKriilly xtrm-k an KiikIUIi aiiiliiMitt* nt nrtrr. 
\ft«'r II fi'w [M«rfiirmnn<H><t of lfn> iiUy MnilniiM' Sural) I 
illiTi'il lli<< t'Xi'lnnmllDii to " Aiiii-rliimi- 1 iiiiicrtiiiiH< ! " ^ 
Ki'iHTiilly nicrt-t-il to Ihi n ilt«liiirl iiii|ir<i\<-in<-iit. It U nM'n>ly nil 
iii-clilt'iii o( iiKMWrii iiHUtfp tlmt umkiii " AI>«liitlM>! " iingK(*»t IIk' 
\M-oiiK klixl of lili'n. But wrlliT!* Iiavi< to ooimiiliT ttio mo<li-rii 
viiliii' nt wnnU I'ViMi tiion* tluin llu-ir orlKinnl ftlKliiflcnnco. Take, 
for !iiNtiiiic<>, tlii> cxprofMloii " Wlmt't tln> matter?" wlil<-li occur* 
several tiinc't in Klinkoapottro. It lian Ih-coido mirli n co||n<)iilali«in 
lluit no one wonlil now uae It In |HM-lry any more tlian llio 
I'xpreMMion " S\'lint'M up? " It han it cnrloiH Moniiil In Sliake<<|M*nn' 
lo onr enrx, llioii);li in IiIh ilay it wmh not uw<l an It i» now, 
W'oi-il-i lire merely coiinteiit or coin*. We can no mm* uso wanlk 
or phrimeM which woiiUI nnc«* have lH<en apfWoprlMt* Imt kavo 
iillerisl their nlKniliennce than we eiiii |Hiy onr lilIU in IflOO with 
Kllaiihcthnn MhilliiiKH or antteU of RihynnI Mi.- Ki.nrth. 

• • • • 

KilKiir Allan Po«>'» pliu-o In Ainerleaii literiitur«' i» iliHrietMMl 
ill III! iiiliiiiniMe iirliele in the .l(/<ii4(i<' iloitlhlii hy Mr. Hamilton 
\Vri(fhl Miibie. The chief |M>int iiiaile i>i a nixii one. It !•< that 
I'lM-'s work •■ luiWe.. all altenipl to relate it hintorieally to 
Miiteceilent conditions," that it " iletnehed it«'lf almost 
completely from the time and plai-e in which it made it* appoap- 
nncp," and that Po«> is the only .AiiRTtcttn writer of whom this 
can, without ((iialiflcntion, be wiid. 

EiiierMin, Lowell, Holnit>N, Whittier, Bryant, IrviiiK. and, 

in certain aM|H'i-ts of his )^nins, Hawthorne miitht have hi>en 

pr<><licte<l ; rending onr early history in the liiilit of onr later 

ilcvelopnieiit Iheif coininj; s<s>ms to Imve Ixs-n fori'-orilaiiH'd hy 

the conditions of life on the new continent ; uiul. Inter, 

Whitman and Liiui<-r stand for and are houud im intlu* fortunt-s 

of the New World anil its new order of political and siM'ial life. 

i'<K« alone ninonj; men of his eminence conid not hiiVi- b<s'ii 

foresiH-n. 

This, of course, is to siiy, in other rtortis, that Pim» wan a man of 

Ki'niiis, wheMiis all the other ifrvnt Amerienn writers have only 

lM>en men of talent. An exception mit;ht he made in favour of 

Hawthorne; Mr. Wrinht si-ems dis|H)stsl lo make it. With^this 

possible exception, the jnilK<nent seems just. A further [Miint 

which Mr, Wright nii|;ht have nrK<sl io favour of Po«> is that hi- 

is almost the orly, if not the only, American writer who has 

e\ercis<>il an influence in addition to arousing admiration outside 

his own country. It is rare for a Fn-iichinan to ackiiowl<>il>:»> his 

iiidelitedness to Action writtiMi in any liinKua)(i> but his own 

(thoiiKli Koiisscaii was c«>rtainly inilelited to Kiohardxon) : but it 

would b«> haiil to Hud a Fr«"nch .short story writi-r of the first 

rank who would not cht>erflill)r ackiiow leilKe that he owe«l much 

lo KiIkiu' Allan I'oe. In this, t<Mi, if in little els*.>, the (.ierman 

story writ»'i-N in-e (|uite at one with the Fn<iich. 

• • • • 

In view of certain recent eilitorial reMiiciiitttoiiH a |>aj-tlcul«r 
interest iittaclies to an articU> on " The Kthlcs of JournaliKm," 
contributed liy Mr. H. W. MnssinKliam to the Ethical H'orlil. 
The principal i|iiestioii which he iliscnsses is the riyht of the 
proprietor of a paper to walk into the ollice ami insist up<Mi a 
sudden cluin|;<- of |M)licy. Mr. Massinichani is undouhtiHlly riKht 
in his contention tlmt a newspaper is soinethiiiK more than a 
commercial ciitei-pris«>, iM-ini; in fact "the inti>lliH-tiial coiii|>anioii 
anil dir«>ctor of thon.sands of men and women," and that sudilcn 
changes of the wind of doctrine, even though apparently just itlisl 



Mtrvlvor— pcwtibly tkf only aMrvUiir- ol tk» Immum B 
couMMunlly ' ' i aiili Iki 

KnM*rwiu ai. .'iIimI «I 

•»' ' •' h>ll4'( »r>u<r i» "TW lUUlwiUie ll<iMaiM 

(■■ i( will tx> mumlirrMil, wm*  aiiliMl i 

 i l|i»luiiUua.«bu «rrt> oy^ 
i>ui brkl llial il ■•• ibo ilar 
uwii lo lilt wllb BU own bamU all Ibr wurb. at bu» 

eluinictpr, that w«» miuireU fur bU •- i—-- l. , 

of hlntory Ibat Ibr p«|M*rlin*nt wa» -1. 

to Hawthorne II fallinl iMt-auap tb<> > 

firtiiid lncoin|>alildi'ttllh the cultitat 

fliuliuK llutt llx-ir aKrlculliinil o|H'r.i' 

ileiC't'** that tlu-y coulil not r«i>ii i> 

falling asli>eif over il, A further cauae of (.1 

I he fact that in many ca«e« the ntaie ami (ein 

love wllb vncli other tiiiu'h a« the munk* -I 

wantoti to |{ei iuarrie«l ami klarl apmi ihrir U - 

Ulaekwell wbk oue uf tbc fe** who Mtr««<<<|p«l iu ri-> 

lion. Hlie always, however, ImikiHl iHirk up<Ni IIh • 

with pleasure, as, imle<Hl. did iiiob( ut Ibe iiilprvatinn | 

niMCtKl in il. 

• • • • 

A «t1»Hnjnil»he«J sehnlar is lii»t lo ihc n.-no •■'- •*- 
the Rev. Henry FnnH-aiK, stitnelimt. Fellow of < 
CoUeKe, OxfonI, and incnnilMMil of Heyfonl. Il i« a- 
of "Tacitus" that Mr. Fnnieaiix will •"• l<«iir"-»l r*l 
His eilltlons of thi« '* .\nnaN," •• H --rm 

" AKrIisita " holil the Held af prewi.' '•«l«i 

Jehb's e<litions of " Sophiwles " or Pr. ' -Ijlr 

e«Htion of "Catullus," ami ar<> likely r r wa 

come. He also enjoyisl a ifn-nt |o<-al relel>ritr a* a rt><-» 
s|HM-ial Kift for tellinic utoriesin the('omUbillale<-t. Hi 
to have U-nrned thimi from the faiiioin Mr. Hieka of Bi 
the liest Oirnish storlii* are mil. of ennrme, tbe 
prt>p«'rty of any |tartlcular fomishinan. 

• • • • 
Mr. Henry Doman, of Lyminirton. Hampahir*. wi 

printer, bookaollar, ami ytntit. Hi* volnmoa, mUm. 
ami other Poema." and " Sonit* of Lyminitton," woo 
approval of «nch );<ioil jtiil|:m aa William Ailill(tbMd ami 
Patmore. It wna a favourite Iraost of bU. acconlinii ta 
Nttrt, that ha waa the otily writer who (Tot cnw u w rf 
it up in ty(>e, printsd, bwuD.I, ami publiabKl it, and • 
his own coiint<rr : but a somowlwt tintilar catw i* n 
(•ibion'a Autobiufrraphr. Thia ia the ooae of R 
Hretonae, a voliuuiiioua French noveliai. " U* I 
write* Gibbon, " aarf mnjr rtiU lat>««r. in tW 
conwctor tu s print i uy - h o w ; b«t tkin nAci 
U ' » B » pw t Ml entire volume fh>m hi* Mfarf In (b* | 
work w«a glvnii to the public aithoat erw bavinic W 

t^ the pen." 

• • • • 

AT A BRII»AI, . 

I akall be land twnight ;~tb« war** ahall wii 
StroaK anu* aroouil ue, and 1 akall not knww 
Then liwet in my loni'a ana* Inlded aow 
Th«> kindly aiiray mjr yeamiag eynn dmll hUmi 
And ao I ahall m>t ac« Love'* t oeei blow 
In thy fair face what time my lont ahall apeak 
Hi* heart'* d<>ar vow. I (ball on either c h et k 
Be kiwed by la«Khing waeen : the wat«n' l«w 
With eoft oueea ehnll aootbo ami Mtiafy. 



46 



LITERATI RE. 



[January 



NciillMi llbtfMT' iiimI |ialiri<nipiiv. will In* olMtHly inalitatpil 
umlrr Ikr til If <>f *' Thf Sir Willimn Fiumt Pn>ff>iaH>ntliip of 
.%>riral Hblnr; awl Pali»-<iKni|>bv." for tba- ••iHl<ivnM>iil of which 
a MMM «f CS,O0B wax lM^|U<-alb<><l liy lh<> lal<> Sir Willimn KnfM-r. 

• • • • 

W» kave rrM4r«><l Ib4' llr^ iiuntlM>r <tf tlK> A')m<;—  iirw 
oS\|miiiy illu»lnit(Nl iiapt-r piililiohrtl liy tlx* Iioiim^ of <io<ir)^ 
N«>«iM^. I.iiiiiKMl. It lo III a ffHain rMftit gHMlolliNl on tlio 
.-trtrit, lb<mi:h iho Inflimit^ i>f Ji.A.P. nr^tn* ImttNililo in th<> 
Inicr-pra-w. A plrakiiiK fwitHrr U that iIm-tc an« plonly «if 

• •ricinal «ini«in|pk. a* vi<ll ax pltiily of |thol<>Kra|ihi>. Thi> fornM>r 

• Wi«»«ly »na|»bol» of tin- var)an> fxlniwly var!i-<t. lhnii;;h n litlli* 
«»iMl|rily n>pn>ilnti<<l. Tlie latla'r iii<'liith> a lopii-al i-nrtoon by 
Mr. Harry Kiiniiw. au<l alramin^rx l>y varioiio Conlincntal arliHtii 
who hMXf f'riiktitly niaib> a MiMly of lb<> worko of Camn irAi-lu*. 
'nH-<«» roniir ritio an- rU-arly nM'aut to l>p an ini|M>rtant f«-«lnrp 

• <f iIh- pa)«>r. aiMl ibvir i|iialiiy i« t-a-rtainly ki«nI. 

• • • • 

W« Imt* alrMMljr called attention to th« forthcominir appaar- 
aaea of a Mennd rolnme of Mr. K. J. Pajma's Solei-tioiis from 
Haklojrt.  A carreapomleat wiahea iw to inquire whether in them 
tlajra ol naral MiUituiaani no publiriier will he (ufficicntl.v patriotic 
to ^r« n» a o4n|4M* rvprint of Hakluyt't cullectiaa of " The 
IVincipal NavtKatioiM. Vo5a^>ea, Traffii|net aiul rHaooTwrtea of the 
Kli)tliah Nation." Thi're are few liook* in the lanpiafte more full 

• 4 tba raw material of adrentiire. along with a frequent and 

• lictin^iichnl chann of *tyle. or that ou;;ht to he more wt-li-ome 
to patriotif )'^i){li>hraen, tlian thi* c<ini|H<n4linm of KiiKlioh xea 
travel in ita adventured* s)irin):-time. Yet it is very TCaroe and 
liani to eome by, ami luui only once been reprinted »inoe Hakluyt'a 
own |mblioati<in. The black-letter editii>ii«, which few of ua can' 
raad with comfort. c«i«t from twenty to thirty guinea*, and the 
■m^ rapriot of 1KI9-II. in nre larjre volumca. waa limitml to 325 
«<i|4«a on larf^e ami suiall paper, to that it ia rvry rarely to be 
foond in a catalogue, and thui coata alnioat aa much as the 
ari«in*l- The Haklnyt S.K:iety, which c<>lebrated iU jnl.ilee two 

• ■r tiireeyeara ano, haa ahown no inclination to make Haklti}-t 
a cwt bh to the HMwral reader. It haa prtiduced many evcelicnt 
and aooM iiMMlM)aato aditiona of aeparate royage* chronicle<l by 
Haklnyt, but ha* d<>n« no uiore, ami ita volume* are, of courae, 

• •utofthe reach of the aveiagc book -buyer, being scarce and 

t-speoaire. 

• • • • 

Sooa after the fountlation of the HakUiyt .SH.'iety Froude 
expraaaed the hope that Bakluyt was again to be brought within 
the rMMli ol the book-hoyer :— 

.We can conceive nothing fhe wrote in 1852]. nrit the *ongs 
of Homer himralf, which wonid In> read among u* with more 
enthii«ia«tic interest tlwn th<iH> plain maMive tal<« : ainl a 
p(<0|>le°* eflitinn of them in these days, when the wTitings of 
Aiuawortli and Ri^kiM Hue cirvulato in ten* of thousands, 
woald perhaps he th* most bleaaed antidote which could hu 
l i M tu w t i u np(^ ua. Tho bamea tbemaelre* were the n>en <>f the 
piiffa t i n JuOMea. th* Smitha. the lirakes, the l>avi*es : and 
no oonrtl^ pen, with the one exception of Kaluigh, lont iU 
prilisli or Ita raniish tt »et tliem off. Jn m<wt casaa the captain 
himself or his clerk nr servant, or fon>e unknown gentleman 
velunterr. aat down ami chr<>iiicl«l the vovage which he had 
•ha rail ; ami thus in<irganira1ly aniae a collection of wTitingS. 
which, with all their oiniplicity, sre, for nothing more *triking 
than for the high moral Icsuty, wnrmid with natural f»-ling, 
which diaplay* itw-lf tlirough all their pigea. 

^Ve ara Mva Uiat Haklnyt '■ great wi^-k oidy need* to he acoeaaible 
to be aa popuUr as it wa» in the aerantaontb oautury, when ao 

OMUiT e>«iea of it wmv thaml«d iiat of MiaUnoa. 

• • • • 

An intaraatini sariy inttmal of travel and a fina akamnle of the 



axoeptional diflhmltiea to the printers of thoae da 
of tins journey is written in tlte easy gossipy tt; 
the author l>eing careful to f(ive illustmtioii 
important things he ha<l M<en. Many of thcM 
<|uaint, l>ut some of them n<pn-i«ent uicix' fabuloui 
show that tl>e wortliy I>oan of Mountz was not al 
trioks of c<iiitcm|iora(y travellers. 



PLAYS AND PLAYGOERS. -A ] 



|ScB.\B.— .4 diii Hmutking-Room. 

A Represontatlvn Playgoer. 
An E«f«Mitric Litemry IVrwin. 



Ill 



R. P.- '* For iiit«>llig(>nl |M>rHonii thi 
exist " ? My dear Sir ! My </«ir Sir : 

E. L. P. (urbanely).— Of (-ourHe, It de|M' 
slanilani of intelllgenet-. 

li. P. But wlinl do yon want 1 Here, in L 
plenty of tlienln-K, nil kinds of plnyn. full \\> 
niglii, alwavH Hoinctliing to go nntl m-«>. (Scornfi 
you want n»or«' Itmcn. 

E. L. P. (with sudden anger). — This etornn 
i<i enough to drive niiy one nuiil. To )>awl " lli 
Home iMHtple's only iilen of argument. No, I 
IImcu lUiIcKS it In more Iiki> Hrdila (inbler and 
LitiU Ei'olf or Horkmtin. I w-nnt plaj-H wrifte 
nutliont for int4-lliK<.'nt audiences- playH in wlili 
are either n-al or tanciful, not imrotlicM of so<-ii 
picturcM it, nor cn-atlonti of the liealc<l iningina 
piayti that lM>ar some relation to life aa it ix, sc 
probleniH 

R. P.— Oh : Problems ! 

E. L. P.-Well ? Every gixwl play, every gor 
IIS with problems — problems of eimdiict, ol 
expediency, of duty. 1 know wluit ynu think ol 
play is nM-ntioiH>d. But women with iiasts 
problems in the world. 

R. P. Well, every one to his taste. Ff 
MitlNtiiMl with tilings ax they are. What do I w 
the llientn* ? Noinethiiig to help nie to get tliroi 

E. L. P.— Exactly. Thafn jiiKt what I hh 
you do if you didn't g«> to the theatre ? When _> 
out or going to a imrty, you iiiiinI have xoniewlie 

R. P. (Nulklly).- Well, what do you do wil 
I should like to know ? 

K. L. P. C;ood henveiiH ! What do I do wii 
Why, man, I eoniimine with my own muiI, I p 
the inst, 1 nuNtitate utsm the pntM-nt, I h|m 
fiitur*-. What ilo I ilo with my eveningH ! 

R. P.- H'ni I You miiNl 1m' clie«Tful eonip 
sort of thing isn't much In my line. I work 
time, you «•<•. Work in the City isn't like stuj 
doing a bit of writing in your arinclialr. 

K. L. P. (wiiheringly).- No. it isn't. 

Jt. P.- Sitliiiff down with a l>iN)k is a dull 
I've doiM> it sonM'tinM-s— a thing like " King N<i 
or that eha|>^ What's his mime '/- who wrltiM 
Kettle and Dr. Nikola, and, you know, the I 
thing— all by the same iiuin. nn-n't Ihey '/ Well, 
But the onlinary sort of IxMik I simply can't sla 
the people who write plays writ4> IsMiks t<H), 1 wo 

E. L. P.- IVN-aiiM" then thev'il Is- found out, 



Jauuury l:J, lonn 



UTEKATLRE. 



R. L. P. I'liifDi till' iiuiii mIiii wniif till* |>lay. 
K. I'. Dill lif '/ I tlioiiKlit il MUX liy thai iiimii Ji'IH'*, nanif 
llinil who Wl-iili' Tlir Ili-firiiriiltrM, Tluil Wn* K'xxl, l<K> tllHt l>lllill 

iirl I'l'ilir, I'll '.' Anil tlii' ili-itf iiiiiolriiiii '! I rimrfil nt iImmii ; ur 
wiiN llinl ill HiiiiM-ililiii; i'Im' 't 

K. I,. I". NrviT iiiiiiil. Wlii.l .(III v.m llilii). ..f at;.../ y..A... 
now ? 

li. I'. Oil '. I llillll I •ii.ni.<ta< l'-->'<' K.,-I.h'hi,. Wl ...iM.f, 

I kmiw OIK' oiikIiI III K<> '" nii.vlliliiK "I Hlink)'<<|M-iir)*'ii. Hii I iln 
Ki'iiiTiillv. Bill I |c<>iii>riilly |iiil il off until iirclly iKwr ||h< i-iiil. 
I Wll» |{"i"K 1 1"' "tl"'!' IlilCl'l- ""t. .V"ll Ml'. Tllr lirllr of S'rir 

yiiik WHS jiiNt u"i'>i: !■■ olnit ii|i tiMi, mill i n'lilly felt I iiiiint mi- 
tliiit apiiii wliili' I liiiil II cliiiiii'i-. Arii-r tliiit I liiiiln't n|inllii'r 
I'Vi'iiiiiK fi'i'i'. Hill I fX|M'ct I hIiiiII K" nixl m**' •) Mi Uumutrr 
Siijhl't Ihriiiit •«>iiii' tiiiii', i'n|i«M'liilly nt Ijoiiii- Kn'«'iir'» in it. 

K. I.. I*. Slmk<>H|M>nr<< irith Ixiiiio Knt-iir oiikIiI I<> In< 
nltraclivi'. 

K. I>. Oil! Awfiilly. Sh<> w-nw ripiiinK in tlinl tliiiiK 'M .' 
SimiHHiih. Wi'll, (^uew wrn |Ih« Ix'itt tliiiiK I'vi' mimi tlili Innt 
yi>nr. Wlinl riiiilt ciin your " int<'ll!K<'nt (mtwhi " Ami with tlinl, 
now ? 

K. I.. I*. I iniiiKliM' li<> wTiulil )ui,v It la thr> rli'VPnmt mul IIh< 
li'ilNt MitiKriirtory piny PIikto lint writli'ii. Do you think ourh 
iMMMOly i'\i>.l-, oilttiili' Iho (iiipt of t ho /■'<! mi/;/ //ri-ii/W ■» Thnt 
nliNtiril ilucliost : Thnt Nhrowil iM-or who ilrifl-. into tin- imni 
rliliculoim iir lumilions for no ronton nl nil ! Thnt " (•■■oti- 
lionrtiMl " iiiniiiciiritt who i» tot nKnintt hor fottor-tiNtor iimrry- 
ini; Quf\ lio<-nUM< ho in nil olil H<'niii|>, nn«l yot foni<><t rouiiil 
i-iiliroly to Quox'r hIiU* Hiiiiply Ih-<-iiiiim> fur oiio liricf nioniont ho 
Ix'hnvoH to hor l!k« n p-nt Ionian '. I<4'nvo nut the fad thnt tho 
pioco jiu(t({<'''*'< '«» IX'W view of lifo or ninilui-t it nllocothor 
iiiiii-iiioral. TnkiiiK it tiinply on ilt nrliii); niiil ilt litornry 
<liialilioN, I iiiairilaiu llial it falls to piocos when it it ivally 
oxnininoil. 

R. l*.--Woll, you can't «1ony thnt it wwt intercut in({. 

K. li. I*. I'lTMoiially, it iliiln't iiitorvst luo inuuh. 

U. I'. AVhat, not that thiiil act ? 

E. I.. P.- Tho thinl not was wotiilorful, vortninly n 
iiinrvollous pi(>«'o of stngo-t-rnft. But one weiie in n piny (KH><tn't 
inako tho wlioh> play luter«>Mtinjc. Ther«» was no real intrn>Mt In 
tho story or in any of tho phnraetort -you ilidn't symiMithiiiv 
with any one- and you ean't make a play without syni|inthy. 

R.P. Well, I don't know -tho fun wnt kept going all right. 
Then' wvM'ii't any dull Wtt. I can't st>e what you want in n 
ploy. 

E.L.P. I want the drninn " to stir you, to give you new 
seusntions. to make you fed your life strongly." That's what 
Caroline Hdttoii told lioliort >tis>n' driiniii oUKlit to thi. if you 
n-memln'r " Shirley." 

K. P. fau't say I do. Who's il by ' 

E. L. P.— Charlotte BrontJ. 

R. P. Oh I I rt-ad " .lane Eyr«< " on.-.- in^n > i<\ m r. i^u i 
it ? Rum sort oflHMik. 1 thought it. 

E. L. I*. D«H's (^iirx do any of thivse thingt ? Did Whrrlt 
irithiu M'hrrU ? Did any play pnxlueetl last year ? Yet, one or 
two did. 'tiidwm'.i H'liy wns one. It eertaiiily stirred me. It 
made one find one's life more ttiMiigly too strongly, almost, for 
the playwright was in earliest. So wer»> the authors of TIf 
H'riitltri- Uni in earnest, iind a it-nlly inter«>sting play they wrote. 

R. P.- -\Vdl, those, of coni-se, 1 didn't *«•«•. They wvn- done 
at mittiiiffn, and I enn't waste time gi>iiig I" tin- thentn* in tin- 
afternoon. 

E. L. P.— Quite so. that's exactly wdl, iii-ver inilKl. Thr 
fl'fiithrr Ifnt, by the way, rail for a few nights at w«'ll. 



4 iU«c jwM Uk» 



K. L. P. In il» 

llliition iImi lb<- |ii> 
Inutgiiiallte iuiihI*. 

K. P. Then lhal'» lb<- wirt 
wi-li-oiitK to II, I*. I Min-, 

K. L. P.- Il «a« iXK 
diirlitg lhi> whole yrmr, I aaonn* ;<«. 

B. P. (iMililely). lb-ally ? 

B. L. P.- TIhmi I hero m» You Sn»r 0»m T- 
tlM*re nion- fnree* llwi make lulrlllffi^l lata •< Ibli 
HliggiM fresh itlenii ? 

K. P. Wi'll. I iH-ver enii mm- « lint HemanI IUmmt 
at. Heenm to na- lie'* alway* |ii4iiii; (uii al Ihit^pi 
tltN'ii— «r, at any mli-, ihiiik*. 

R. L. P.- Handy that'* Ui-ii a haMi »llh nmiie 
in nil agi-s. 

K. P. Oh '. I dnntuiy it's all right. IH -. .. 

to imike r >f MMiM- thing*. NintatlayB, «lmi Iberf'aa 

a>NMil MiHiian la'tiig man'* «nperi<ir, il'* ju*l a* «r 
wiMiien np a bit. like that wonuin «bn ««• always r 
I he gnverui*wi « ho kitxtl WyiHlham'* pliotM. I'laae. 
do yoii say to Thr ryioiiuy <•/ T"»f ? 

R, L. P. Yeo, il was i-apilaJ. Iiul ili<l II ha 
eem ? Is |Imt<> any talk n( putting il on aipiin J 
back to Ihtril ISitrrifk invtend. 

I{. P. I eoiild Mf thai any nnmher tit llmrv. 

K, L. P. (iMdilo in hit iiirn). Notkiabi. 

K. P. Still, for all «.- — • ».....:..-# .i — . — .. 
go to Ihetn a gnoil ileal. 

E. L. P. -Sn I have <l.>iif m int- \a\n IV 
my rewnrtl. I never »pi-iMl iwir** I ban a »hil 
though. 

R. P. — Do yun iiH-aii to miy ymi gn to " the |pt 
wonder yon don't ••njoy yoiimelf. 

E. L. P. (savngtdy). I can't affoni In appml half  
every time. I supimm' if there »-ere tbealrcs for i 
pt«opl«', aents would In- clwaja-r. 

R. P.- Why? 

E. L. P.- Beenns<> intelligent people are irraerally 

R. P. (to hiiuMdO.- -Oh. bang intelligfMv. J'di , 
wonl. 

E. L. P.— Even if they knew tboT wnold ha « 
intelligently they eiHild ii.'t ;.■«««. 

most of them stay away :i! . v h 

r»«s€»nre<««. 

R. P. (shortly).- I m<i-. 

E. L. P. I hi ]>•■ you are not annoyeri. 

R. P. AniK'ye.l 7 .\l yniir iinaginintr ynwartf 
intelligent (leraon in the mirUI 7 Oh «li<«r lai. 

E. L. P. I fear your ill-hnnatur haa gii( bc j twii l 
tml. HiNiM' Irnllis are sehlom imlateable. (iiin<|.«'v^>iii 

R.P. -r.«i.al-nighl. 

The Eeeentric Literary P^>r«ofl having ileparleil. I 
tentntive Playgoer tumiiHins a rinh waiter. Havin. 
a t<M>lhiiiglN'verng<>, he en<in!r<-s eatuatly : 
iiinii that jiisl wvnt out ? 

Waiter.- That, Sir 7 XawM" of Di 
the news|Mpi>rs, I tx-lieve. Sir. 

R. P. H'm. Th<Might SI.. 

(S4*<»lle i*h>t«.t. ) 



Whii« 



THE UTERAKY YEAH IN F&AMCf 



48 



LITERATIKE. 



[Jaiuuu-; 



VMai|iiiln<vriiiti. wnrli tif It ohanirtcrlard by Rincviar •bllitjr. 
BMk la BMclaiMl mvA in (MTtnaiiv th<< Dn-yfiio omnc |iMHluo<<tl « 
«Htal« HiiBibrv of book*, a* ili<>tiii;rul*li<<«l friMn li<'WK)W|M>r niul 
•hIpIm, bat in it* iialivp rountry It |>rodurf<i 
•lanitlrHy tvm, ami tbow by |h<o|>|«> |tr<>vioii«iy niilcnown tn 
thf lil^itary wnrlil. Ti> llti« i>t«l<<«u<>iil oni* grt<at f\<-<>|>linii iniiitt 
Iw hmI^. n* C(Mit«a«« ilo Martri (" (Syp "). to tin* ni;n*l 
of k«r MmMriMM KagUakadmirrT*, |Jao«U het UH>r<laiit wit nml 
MlTiilln— pt>wwr al obacrvatioii at thi> M>rvi(H- of Anii-Kfmitio 
fill, ffim before tb* Ir^t trial of I>rcyru« in IMH. Ahkiiw 
tb4> novi4a Ae ptiMiahed teat ymr Wf<r«> ■* Ltn CaycuiKii <lo I{ii> " 
ami " Lea FMMMSdn Cttknei." Her |Hililli>h<>r!> wcrt- for Ioiik 
tbt>cr(«t JewWi bovw of Calimiin I>ry. but tb«<y iMtiirally 
i ff wMl to Hrrttlate tboae of ht* works wkioli w«>r<> nMrkiilly 
anti-Jpvikb, and Ihear havo liecu for tbc> UMMt |Mrt (civeii tn tho 
worM by lb* Ann of FUromariou. 

Hw pnblie arc familiar with tlH> kt*^a iiitcnvt w-hich Kiioh 
«ri(«t« aa Anatol<> Franr<\ Fraii(i>iH ('<i|>ti^. Jiilo I,<-iiiiiitr<', 
Fonilaand Bruu<>ti^rf, Marrvl Prv'viMt, aiul H<-iirl IjivinIkii iiNik 
in Ibc Drcyfoa cam" — an iiit<>r<i>l »<> kf««i aixl !«> wrimis tlmi llii-y 
aeMa to bare rmcanicil thv Affairr a* <>ut<<iil<> tht> l<-)2iiimHl<' mnK<' 
of Uwlr literary art. IVrba|H an ovon iiHir<> aituHpifiiouH <-xniiipl<' 
of tbiafeelinc 1% funiiitliml by Rinik>Z<>la, wlm, totlicastoiiiMliiiMMit 
of Many of bi* foroixn fririHlN, cmployotl iiin t<Mii|Miniry oxiio in 
tbia country but yt-ar not. an tln-y liati ox|K><>tcil, in illiimiiwtinK 
tbe awre recondite dopth* of tli« Affaire, but in olaUimtiiiK 
** F4etmtdlt4," a work plamiml yiwrs licfnr*' tb<> I)r<\vrus ilmnia 
IWfMl to bo unrolled. Tbo cSih-i of tlioDr<-yfuKoaM-oii tlx* Frt^'ucli 
litrrature of I8W in like tbe action of tlip rnltit^n.sli wliicli. for 
it* ovn protection, diiobarirra a ((uantity of inky fliiial, i-omioalinK 
not only Itadf but all crt«tun^ witliin il> railiiiK. Similarly the 
aoll4 aeUereoM-ntH of Fronrh litoraturo in IHiM) rc<|iiin> n k(mmI 
deal of diaontanKlinK. The q iM>»t ion " What has iMt-n ttic Ixiok 
of tbe year in France ? " cannot lie anxwerixl Kiinply niul 
dirpctly. Fmin an international |ioint of view un(loti)>t<<dly tlio 
■Hat cooapicuoua bonk is " F^condit^." But in Frami- tbe critics 
iMTa rrftiawl to accept it a« on a level with ZnlH'<i (treat iMvika, 
aad witli tbe iceuerality of readers it lin^ M>nH'li<>\v " niisMtl lire." 
Ilib ia partly due to the himtility which nnti-DrcyliiiianlH hiill 
entertain for the autbor of " J'accuM-." Moreover, no Action 
written " »ith a imrimnc " over achieves n r«>al sncceHH witli 
Freorh r««derii. The l<>aHt HUcct'wtrnl of all Damlet's loHikM u-as 
" Boae et Ninette," which "'■' I'^-'x.iily «ritt<'ii to (lenoiiiUH> 
tb« Xaqoet illrorpe law. 

Fraw tbe |Mirelr Fren<-li ^iwikijh.jih, tin- liiiM-iiry laurelw of 
1880 imnt be divid>'<l aiiMHiK n ki"*'"!' of ki\ writero who lm<l 
preriowaly waria tbeir mark. The year lirouKht with it no new 
atar of eonapleaoaa brilliance, nor did it greuily enhance any 
esMiac Mpatation. Of theac aix wrilem the lliieNt work Iuh 
beaa gfrm to the world during 1880 by Anntole France, aUliouKh 
not one of hi* three latent books— " L'Anneau d'Ai'iielhy»te," 
" Clio," and " Pfc'rrc Xozitro " — can compare with his c«rlier 
" L'Klai lie Xacro," " Thala," or " Lo Crinio de 8yl»e«tre 
Bunaard." Tbe worship of pure form is carried to aiicb lengtba 
in France that tbe |ierlection of M. France's stylo would, 
howvrer Jejaao bia tlMWicht, place him n|ion a literary iie<leKtal. 
Aa a natter of fact, h««wever. it is weddeal to an N^tonishin); 
ition of rea) II aiHl vitid i n. His 

' riral, Ptern- I. .udoned last }• 'iiderful 

rMoaatilaUMia of tho aneiinit world, ami ^ave his r>-nilent " 1a 
FflMM at Lre Paatin," a story of inotlem Hjianish life. Thia, 
UHMwh qaite aa Rmaa aa " Aplirraliie " and " Bilitis," buslu 
MMMtbiag of the rare cham of bia earlier work. Tbe brotbera 
wbo writo under tbe aiogle aicnatMre of " J. H. Uosny " hare 



volaaica durlufr 18W> which, though chat-ii.l. 
»|MH>ial im|M^rtance. 

The Eu|:tii>h |MKsion for istrtly voluiu> - .. 
share«1 across the (^hannel, but the French pi 
reading the corrt>s|ionilence fit dikiinjcuiNhnI 
years nftiT their iliwth. Tli<> list of voliinxw 
publlahcd last year iiicluiU's two of extranr 
seritHinr Balzac's letters to his rutiirt> wife, the 
18X)-1H'J. and the lellcrH written liy Mirhcl<-| 
Wiflp, Ma<leui<ilM-li>' Mialeret. A clinniiiiifc m 
(3<>or|:eK Niiiul, WTJtten in lier old a|;e liotli ti 
Uiy in whom slie tis^k nn iuter<>st, has alM 
S'tmrrllr H<-rur. Tlie int«-n>Mt in military and 
Is wiTeiuarknIde in Knisland of late years n>all\ 
wlM>re ejch month M-es thi- pulilicalion of si'ver 
works. I'lider this hi-a<l iiiunI Ih- menlioni 
nnpulilisliol diary of Baron (iouri^iutl at Si. 
tluit iM-riiHl wlicii lie Nliari-<l the exile of NajMili 
liHist iiii|iorl»iil of tliis cliiHN of lHM>ks from ii 
view WHS " I^ Dt^feuM- Navalc,"' liy M. L(K-kn 
Marine, wliich attracted much attention in 
iNMirs*', not yet iMwsilde to estinmto wliat elli 
have on the French Navy. It is curious tlin 
Napol<H>n literalur«> has alnwtst di<>d out, thoii^ 
exhauHtive study of \>Vaterl<K> and works on Lat 
in Ettyi't. 

Of late years Frenchim'U have done mud 
reproach that llieir ideas of sjMirt are pur 
siKnillcant welcome lias Iw-en acconlc<l to linr 
Sjs>rt en France et k I'KlnuiKer," a huni|il 
work. Autoni; sjiorting ImkiUs, t<M>, may 1>o cla^ 
the nieuniiiK of the woni a little, tlic cons 
which has ((rown np round the modern crajte fn 
which reHfiidili-s, at l«>aht in volume and vi 
literature of cycJinff. 

Ill the world of puri- lil«>raturi< one of tin 
f«>aturcs of IKWit has been tlie leli<leiicy of Freii 
llieir attention more and iiior<> to thedniiii 
Ciiraiiii (/<■ lirrytrar iindoiililiHlly reveali-d an iiii 
|KM>|K in llie stn^e, and |>r<>lialily I>iive<lan owe«l 
the Academy not so much to his Nliulies of 
whicli rival, if they do not Hur|>ass, those of 
two gnvit trinmpha, Lt Prince <l' Autre and Le 

A word must lie said in conclusion on tlie i 
to our national pride, which French is-ople arc 
in our coiitemiK)r8ry English literalun". The j 
eighteenth century anil early niiiet<<enth centi 
of coiirw, familiarly known to cultivat<tl Krc 
is a new SIKH of the times to se<- trniiNlatioiiN 
.lunglc B<s>k " and " The Lif;ht Tliat FiiHc 
Machine," " Imaginary I'ortraita," uml " Sliij 
Night " welcomed across the C'luinnel. Tlie i 
gratirying that the extremely miscellanvons 
aelectinn may |)erliatm lie jmnlonol. 



CRABBE. 



It is nearljr 120 years since Cra (die '• '* 
few laat touches from Dr. .lohnson- look tin 
What is tlie verdict of tho fifth cciioral ion i 
Lilce many greater ihwIs Cralilie has not now \ 
nor ha« ho the advantage )H>HH«sse<l liy iiiaii, 
much quote<l thonifh thoy are not much read. 



Jttiuuw^' 1:5, I900.J 



LITKKATrRE. 



•«n>4e mWI wiUmr jiKtitnant " ami " not to th* flMiejr •ml liMtf»i« 
tioii." Bat to«' (HMilo Imx'C r<>ll<>«a I lti« worhlnK ••( iihui'm hiIimU 
^^illl the »«m«i iiilinite •<'ciir«ry »» Trslilie, •ml Mr. HellaiHl'a 

i'lwtii>ii> ill Thk t'DKMH or tiiuiiiiir. <*iiaiiiik, r«M-«ii)ly |Mililtili«Ml 
iiC Ariiolil, Hn< %\rl 'oiiiii ai •■allitii; nllniitluii In » in«Ntcr of tiM 

iiri'iillvi- uri wIki ilcotirvwl wxll of |Miil<<ril,v. Ntlll iiiorv wuleOMM 
:.. till' iifut lliut K (iuniinii itiiiitiiil, H«nii«iiii PimtB, h«« |iuI>UhK«<I 
.1 Sillily of (,'r»l>li«. 

Mr. Holjaiiil'o l>oik i« vory fklrly ritproMtnlallvv. H« »>iilil 
not liave rliimoii a liolter exaiiiple of (hu hiiniuroiDi dlaloiciio which 
won the ftpproval of Jkiie Auxtnii henelr tlimi " The Kmiik 
('oiii-lHhi|>." Ax aiiotlmr N|Mic'iiiHiii uf wit " Araliell* " iniKht have 
liettii iiifliiilml, anil niiioiiK the tragic tale* \vn iiiiim " Sir Kiintace 
 iri'y," lilt' "III fnvdiirilti uf (lie Elinburfjh lirrii-ir. Hut " Th» 
I'artiiiK Hour " bikI " Phu'lw lhi\v<t<iu," Kiveii in thio oKlertioii, 
filiow (.'ralilw'n iivurwht'luiliiK |uttli<>s at it* IhmI. TIi« neliH-tioiiN 
would ill fact linvo Ihhiii altoKi'thor MAti-iriu-tory w«r« it not for an 
iiiilioi'i'uet itttHcii, on the |MU-t of Mr. Hi>llaiiir« liliie |ie:ii-il, U|Kin 
•• The Piiri^ih Clerk," one of thi' lit-nt exaiii|il«>K of Cralili*'* 
iiiiiiite olmervatiun of Ms |Miri>>hioneiN. The |>ari<ih i-lerk, an 
<i|i|Mr«iitly virtnouM man, raineK the imliirnation of the villanvm 
liy hin iiuportiiuate utt<<iii|rtM to keep thuiii in thu ri((ht |iath. 
Tliey sKuk tlieir i-vvrn)c» l»y nideavoiirinK to allui-o him inUi tlie 
wi-oiiK oiiti. Hut thu wiuv w ith which thoy ply him liax no effaet 
upon the concliiMivcmoox of hix ar)(iiiii«ntN, ami he in iiiKonnilile to 
luiniilc lilnnilithiiu'iits. It never <HviirM to them that tlm t4)m|>- 
tntiiin of tlio pariih clurk lici nntiirnlly in thu colle.-tion plate. 
Hut tlio ilovil kni)W?< more than tli»y do, ai.il in iliiu 
time tlio clerk yiuldi to IiSm prompting, Mv\ oxponos hU own 
wtiakiiuHM. Mr. Hollnnil. I>y excl>tinK. without any Htai-n or 
wuriiini; to tlio reader, tlio imlh-miko which deworilios the 

iii>tuoces.sfiil atttmiptH of the villaKcrN to coufoiiiMl the dork, 
~l>oilH thu |Kiint of the tale— that a man's noiKlihour im not his 
niuot clanKcroiiR onoiiiy. 

The Hiimc accurate olMervation, aided liy a detailed study of 
imtiii-Hi history, »er\eii Cralilie in his truatmont of nature. Tlio 
flower wliicli adorn-i the falliiiK tower of a church Hii);Ke«t« to him 
at once its iinporco|itilile .iced «," the invinilile stain . ii|ion the 
wall " from which it (;r«w. This iiiinuteiiu«<, though somotinioi 
<iltra-scioiititic, oftun eiiRlilus liiiii to catch »ome detail which 
liriujjs a whole scone liefore our eye*. Take, fur example, his 

li'scription of the tea at noon in summer : 

. . . . curling to thu strand, 

Kaint lar.y waves o'er-creep the ridny sand, 

Ortiif) thr turn/ binit ii-ith ijriitir hloir. 

And hack return in silence, smooth and slow. 

.So we have a little vi^nutte at the ojien door of a widow's 

oottaK*'  

Her wheel is still and ixv rl >i nird hrr rf<n>/ 

While the lone widow s<H>ks the neiKhh'rinj; |iOol. 

Tlic^v |>ictures in the l>utcli style wore as now to oinh- 
loentli lentury ruadurs as Cralilip's detailed study of man- 
He was liviiiK in the transition (leriod lM>tween Poiio and, 
AVordsworth, lietween the classic and tlie romantic. Hi* early 
friends in London were Johnson, Reynolds, ami Pox ; his 
patrons, Hiirku and Lord Chancellor Thiirlnw. Later on, when he 
returns to town at the a^e of 54, ho meets with Ko|c«n. 
Camplicll, Scott, and Wordswortli. The scene has shifted from 
the eitchtoenth to the nineteenth century. In the mnantiiiie 
<'i-nl>ln' heliKHl to forpru thu link between the two schools. His 
oarly wotk at oiKv turne<l the attention of the town from West- 
iiiiiist<'r and (iriili-strwt to the county lioroush and the villaire 
lunnestcail. A new note rinjja throujrh " Tlio VillaRO," " The 
Horou(th," " The Parish |{e>;'ster," " Talus in Verae," aiMl 



■I ikuMm'm •■Hr vx^n 
H* 




e'arlMya hlMMl 



At 11 •!.:..,« 



..•Ul_ * .^.L^^.»« 



Orfurd " aii4 " 

almost farciral tliroack 

iiH identa. The ti 

•ITix-tiKl liy tlia 

" sliiiiy nrnllov," tlM 

•IumW. Like moH f a rtt o iitoto 

an t'uUier." 

But in many r<ia|«e(a t'raklia i* w4 
taatttmvt*r»,rj , Vnm\»t, nt »»«■ •• IVnaHa, wko 4k 
Ombba was lii>rii. Ha liaa iKit tit* iiualiUMi wtiirli mm 
•u iHsculiarly the Uitwrvmwt. e( WatdMi - nMH 

hia sviMO, inspired Uy Ronsaaaii. ei \k» U*-~.-.--~<<l ti 
ibe natural aiMl informal aaquano* of hia idaaa. AmA « 
OowpM- ami Thonwoii (Wpwtoii froM tb» t nMAim 
•igMMtith ranUiiy in ttisir flhaie* of Usak vwm m 
Onlib* ftill hamnMra out hia • > ' ' < in th* Im«» 
Th* Mrtith— i» oaari by DryiWti  ^< a iinlltanl 1 

the aatire of the town was not so aefti o — l>UI«r Um h«ai 
ol tho co.intry iNuson. Notbins IUimImIm tka k 
ehaaotvr of I'ralilw'a work so well aa th* iMMupvH 
paaaaii^t Iwtwoeii llie •iinpiicity of his i4aM aad tk 
tionality of hia style, Kven the lathHie i|pn« <4 
Uawaoa, " tho iananuoua cauatij maitbn, ia for • mm 
Kuiseil aa a |idnc«aa by tb* |ioHlaMaa of Iha hafofe m«| 

Her air, lM<r mMnara. M who mw Mhaind. 
Coiirtoooa thoniHi coy. aarf g — t ia tiwwi i 

This fault gainrd Crmlilie the aobriquet »f " Popa I 
storkinKS." But it is only partially ibnarvod. Ha ia 1 
a slave to the antithrsia, ami in " Talea froai tha 1 
almost entirely discanis it. The simple nanttliva thai 
charm, unimpeded hy ••onvuntion : — 

I lov«<l in summer on the heath to walk. 
And serk th > shepheni- ahepharib lova to talk 
Hia sii|i«nititi<>n was of rankar kiml. 
Anil bv witt; tales of wonder atorad my miad— 
Wuodars that he on iii«ny a lon»ly eve 
Had aoen. hiiiis<-lf, and, thi-rvfon-, iiiimI baUav 
Hia lior, his Joe. he aaid, from duty ran 
Took ti) the aaa. and srew a taarlaaa man. 
" <>n yomlur knnll— taa aharp were in the fold 
His spirit ]«swd ma, akivohne-like and cobi '. 
I felt a fliitterink'. '"■• ' tn"w not how. 
And beanl him m wfaiapar. ' Nr>» 

Soon came a luttet : naod— io tell 

That he had fallen, and the tima ha fall." 

The last two lin « would lie a liathoa w«rv it aoi a sh* 
apaaks. They iniRht have lieen writtMi by Wnfdrwoilli 
Thkre ia a rip ness aa well as a aofiarior mmm ia tla 
from tlie Hall " which marks the climax of Otabba' 
meiit. The sad vein of his earlier ooapotitiaa ia atill 1 
it is relieved l>y a hn|i« for baMar tkiaaa. aad 
symjiathy for hiiiiutn nature. Tba hi 
throughout his work are iitore fraqnant ia 
limthers, who. after a lone separation, esrhaanaa moI 
tlio fireside of the oM hall " ovar tha walnuta aad tha 1 




riCTIOK. 



Mr. JopI Chandirr Harris has ifirrn m in Di- 
or AiXT MiMiRvv K:fx (iVnt. 4.«. (kl). a galiary of 
Hkotcbos, In Mark and whitr-, that will bear tvmpmiim 
b«>st wt>rk. Th*' «roiie - OeorRia in the early day^ of «■ 
just aftrr thowwr-Taffonls a Bnc npp-^-' ■■"■••- for tboal 
Th<> pnrprty of tho rninni Southrm u aad tl 



50 

rapiUU [lliiUralkNn br Mr. A. B. 
apMl of llMf rlinNiirIrr acbninibljr. 



LITKHATIKE. 



[Januar; 



KroKl, ikImi ha» rauglil the 



RnoAii GiuiAUS, l>y Joim (Ult (i:iv«>niiiir. .V..). Mcmrn. 
PIlllWBnil mitmt liaM* ai:*) l«»k mIviiiiIii|:<> <if tlH< ii|i|it«niiMH> ami 
|Mi|Milar«l)r <>f a m>«' •M'-lMa>l of MntlliHli Hi'lion in «it<>iii|>l lo 
rrvivi* iIm' miinnr}' i>f «mm> of Ibt* irrfaU*!*! lunotaT* of an olil<*r 
aHmnl liy l«kwiii|; nr« nliliiHiti of mwh' of th<> lM>«t of (tall'n 
notvU villi iiiinalncltiHifi liy Mr. I'mrkcll. Mtimr*. (•ivotiiiiir 
liarr f»lk>«i<<l ii|i llii« f^il<*r|>riM> liy n*-liiMiiii|: liM> «anM> aiillHirV 
hwilim irtory »l thv liuMw of lht> ('••v<>iiaiil<-n> ailli a «ki-ll-«rrit(<'ii 
MmI aHloiarly |tn'fa<<i> liy Sir Ctt^irKi' I><>iii;In». The iimiii 
|irop(Milkm «iii<-li Kir (M-ore^* «>!« hiniM'tf lo iiinki* itimmI iw tlinl 
" Ringan (iilhaiar " i» /Mr rrrrtlrurr ihf M>iiinii<-«> of the 
CoiaiiantiiiK iirritiil. mh'Ii a |M>rfonimiiii- n* S«-o»f» '• (>|tl 
Mortalily " not ilfvrvitiic to Im> iianxil in llio Mini)- lin>«tli with 
it. iiuuaiurli a* iu «-<>r)- fsr«>ll<>im>ii «lol rart fniiu itH n<U>lily to 
tralk. Ami wr m> for airri<>> with Kir (Saiiricr DuiikIiih mm to 
nMimlp thai thr ln-n> of llii- i.lory n'|ir«i«i>iit» tin* Im'^I '.iili' of a 
Movraii III whirh, a» Btinix naitl. " iK>«r liriiiifK a saiilc, now lirinfo* 
a trar." thai hi* i» " llio iialliTti of « opirit nl on<i> n|iri|;lit, 
hiimlilo. aiwl xflf-n-^iM-a-liiij;. whoM- ruling; |uts<>ii>ii \n nii rnriii>Mt 
|iii-ly, ami »Im> a«k« ihi laoro of tbnM> m'I <i\i-r liini thiiii fni*<l<ini 
lo vorvlii|> (mhI nn-onliiiK to tlM> ili<-liit<>s of liii> <-onM-ion<v," 
Tfaia i« Irui-. ami il i» b-i>II that it xlioiild liiivi* lM'«-n liaiil. Ah nn 
bonmt MiMlr in Hrtioii of (.'ovi>iMiit«-nl<iin at Itx lipttt " KlnKan 
(Silkaiae " in KU|MTior to any other liook ilonlini; with tlu> luinM* 
Milijort ami |M>ri<Ml that baii iNt-n |Hililinho<l. Bnl it in not a 
gnmt awl c>njoyalili> Mory in itwif. In |Hiint of r<>alily it will 
m»« r«ni|Mn- with Uall'n own " Anualx of tlio rnrixh " <ir " Tlio 
l*roToat " or " Kir Amin'w \Vyli<»." Hik liraliani of ClnvorboUAM- 
i< Mot nrarly no ri-al a |M>nuina;{i-. for <-\ani|ili<, kh Sir Walter 
Krolt'a «ir ev<-n Mr. ('riM-ki-tl'it. An for Cardinal B<-aloii ami liix 
ralber irrvli'vant anKinMix aalrciitun^k wliit-h a|>|H<ar in thi' 
liviCteBilic of tho Ixntk, tht-y liavo moxt (lii-iili^lly the look of 
IviMK " R"< up-" A» a Mtory. too. ami in xpito of certain rather 
Kood lattle pieeeK, ** Kinpiii (tilhaixo " haiifpD Are. On the other 
hand, tbo rloxini; i-liapter. in whirh the hero, now eonvertetl into 
a vindirlivp faiiatir liy the iienMH-ntion he and his family have 
mdwed for roOM-it'iice' xake. (Ires the fatal »hot which Htretc-hcH 
IMnriee dead at Killii-cmnkie, in im-hxlrnniatienlly nHiHt effective 
■od Uir MMlhent of the (iilhain* family are all atlmiralily drawn. 
That* U a grml deal of |Miwer diffiixeal too much iliffiixctl over 
thb book. 

THB NEW OHOST STORY. 
We Imtp kmc Ix-en walling with plen«iimlilo aniieipadon for 
Ik* mtm itkcmi wtory. A« we pointeil ont Hoine ttnM> tign, the old 
«priHi«> of our eblhlbond with hi* riankiiif; fhailift liaH fade«l into 
iKilblninM-wi in Ihio aice of inquiry. If he appeam aipiin It in in 
a wnr eharaeter and ha- mnut at leaat Iw civil to the Society for 
INypbieal RaiM>ar«'h. In Thr PnoreaHioXAL jixn othrk Pmycmic 
SnmiKJt (Hnml ami Iihicka>tt), ami in Uhohtm, iiciMi the Ex - 
rEaiuiE* or Ki.a\ma!( I^iw (C. Arthnr I'e.iraon), we have the 
ftr»t fmil* of *• I'vychiaNil " rmnam-e. The two Ixvikx, however, are 
ill other reai|iea-l« of an entirely aliffa-renl characfa'r. Miw (iond- 
rich Frn«-r. tin- anthor of the llrnt, i« a dillKiml ami M-ientillc 
Ktodent of p«yrhi<-jl pbeiKinM>na, ami tliniiich there !<• qnlte nuIK- 
rietit ««4nlm-w in ber talcii to aatiiify a laate for M-n*«tlon. she 
raolnea benvlf to what la- at any rate in the opinion of the 
K.P.R.- vitbin the limiU of crralihility. M< axni. K. ami Henketh 
I>rU«h*lii (K. ami H. Hcmo), the author* of ■' (i|io«t«,'° on the 
fAhtr haiMl, alknr ho ronxialeralionn of craililiillty lo fetter their 
i«agiMtian. anal plllll0B Ha into a |ierf(H-t orKia- <if KmcMMncmiM. 
TW eO M ii'i ting link of thft atorii-t i<i Mr. Klaxman I«m n HneainI 



But hik knoM'li<al|:p— a>)ipeeiali,v of vampirM- 
IMfnliar, and il iiaHHl hnnlly lii> xaid that in ev 
the ha-art of the inj-stery ami layn the ({li<»<t. 
advent ura'<ii>ho»> extraordiimry iii|;<-iuiity ami ni 
on the part aif the nnlhorx in makiiiK the ii' 
Miwa (tooilrich Kreer'it tali*« an> NtmnK<' rat 
They deal with weond aJKlit, teleiwlhy, crysl 
projaytion of thoiifthlH into viwilile ap|ienmn 
timl the stnriei) "ara> evi>n, if a|iea-incally fancy 
Four are directly taken from life, ami the ra-nii 

alariiifi: to ile|Nii 
From anlier milure. an' Nlill to imlni 

Some liltla> time ago. we ni-e told, the S 
irftine va>ry Klarlling: exjiaTienef^ vvlilch were 
contnidic( kiinwii cnnoiiv. It tiirm-al out that 
who connnuuicalaHl lliem Imil IninwrilM^I them 
atorlPH — tlie olal ChriHlnuiH kI>'>o(' in fact, ni 
onee explodiMl liy M'ientiflc inqiiirerx. MIhk F 
of eonnie Ntrlctly coiisi!.tent wllli the Inwt of IN 
" a liranch of li>nriiini; in which all nre Ikiio 
unlielievini;." Thi»y an* soinetvhal inieqiml, lui 
they fro on. The lia~*t an> ".V Da-ad Man's Kvii 
HauntiiiK of While fJata-i "--(lie lattei- a-s|H> 
conceiveal and told with exo-llent eflf«»a-t. Nr 
PMychical Ua'»<a>nn'h should overlook this Im 
iliatinct general Intereiit hh a foretaste of 
the future. 

STIJDIES IN VILLAINS. 

Major tiriftitlii ii an ex]¥>rt in villaii 
cive the first place tai the latent novol 
M'c coniineiiteal recently on the crop of tiim 
which thill lu-aaon haa prcsenteil iiii. To th 
ronianca-n of cuninuTcc Major (iriflithii now adi 
FoRii'.s Foi.LY. Ltd. (.Macipiecn. C«.)- Nearly 
are t<M> «t«(;y anal smack overmuch of the Adelp 
of shopkea-iM rs " in b<iiiiul t<« apprtciatc the cl 
the financial contests of the villain and hiro. 
lonjf since to rel^v am Mau^r (irittiths fur skilful 
sketchia of criminals anal their ways, and he (!■ 
us here. His studies in the Chronicles of ^ 
have caiiseal him so far to forpet his Pimtrco 
hero regret that if he marries Lady Susan MaTii 
Mrs. Fonl— sun-ly an uniieca'Ssary lament. 

Villains, of cotirsa', are innde only to b« 
tlia- ala-ta-ctive Htory. Itmiist nlwiiVH stand or fa 
in n sayomlary seuHe, by tin- ainoiiiit of analytic 
hy ilia- iletaH'tive in unrnvi-lliiif: the inysta>i 
Hume, in his new story, Thk Kkii-Hkahrii M 
6s.), a-inploys both a profa-sslonal and an aninle 
|)aT|)etmloi-s of a iloiibic tnnrdcr in llie piiilic 
liiit it cniinot 1m' said that a-lthi-r of his da-ti-a-ti 
ability at the ffaine. The Sa-otland YanI otticiiil 
his fliiiateiir assistant (a writa>r of deta-clive » 
apparently destitute even of eoininoii sa-nse. 1 
vinclns tliroii);lioul. It is not iMioiigli for (In 
kimi of story to llx tlii* biniiia' ultiinatady on the 
his ehaniclcrs ; whi-n this character liap|M-iis lo 
for whom tlii" readi>r has any kindness tin- a' 
disastrous. Tlia> volume is fidl of misprints. 

A highly inta>n>stin|{ villain is k'^'*'!! ■■" 
Flowenh'w's novad, Thr Rrai.isT (I>ana-, <Js.). 
|iiclun' of a voiinK journalist on thi- (•••rrtriiin a 
hy Anifuste /ant, the Fn-nadi iiovidisl whom he 
v|i>w. XmU Is a ilellirhlfiil (l^fi'"' for a misler 
a^rtainly a n-alist. To lialf-stianKle a hoiisa 
intention of (Indlnfr out how much il a-aisls I 
pia-a-a" of work for this qiiis-r |s-rsona((e, but 
blacker «torii>s of his i-X|M-rlmiMil«. .\|>iirt I 
alark alavsls. In- at tracts liy his manner, his a|i 



•• Tk.nb.. .iln 



,.. :ii^,.:.. 



Jammry 13. 1900. 



LITKKATrKR 



of tli<< lHH>k, which oniiUtna mi aoouunt of • tmaat rapMlitiiiB 

oil tlio Tim  ill th« rvry *iiiall liMiir* of • mintiiM'r 

iiiot-nin);, IxnilN iiii t4i i>S]iect » uviitl* Uln <•( lorn iiixl 
liiiiiiiiiir. Kilt It in iKit lonti l.tifont n vnry lilafk villain 
I'i till) l)<>ii Jiiuii vai iiity iiwkiin IiIh «iitiuii<i<. hihI m«i xmiii come 
ii|H>ii kicliMi|i|iiii(;, i'<iiia|iiriu^y, ■liixllili;:, ami liii;aiiiy. A uinmI 
iluiil of iiivi'iitivK iHiwer in ilii>|ilaya<l, Imt thv •iillior fail* to 
('iinriiiil hin iirt. 'Ino iliiol, fur iii'itaiio'. m inlMNliirtxl l;<M-aiii>«* a 
 liinl wax miiiiUnI l>y tlit< aiitliur, not liy tlio lOinliatanU. Tli« 
iliiiriii't«'r« aid riitlmr wiMirlmi. Iml »till Syliil i" a pi' v- ' -.litiii, 
jiiicl nliti unrrKly Icavi'ii the Rta^o for it iiionit'iit. I ' ut 

iIm' lHM>k iH ^oual. mill tlii' llttlo Mack anil wliit<< !>■, >.;,., ^^ aiwl 
tall {.iiM'i'H liavK MiiiiuthinK of tlii< »u);^i>*tlviiiu<a« of rtx^-tnt Krent-h 
illiiKti'iitiunii. 

Mr. Ciililiaii liaa ii<iiii< iMittcr aiMl iii<ir<< artistic work than A> 
Ai'KK'AN TiiKA.Mi itK (.liiliii LoD),', 6«. ). Hi< liaa cont«iit<'<l himM'lf 
with a trn);(«)y of .liiliilm' Day. n cmivi-ntioiiul hunt aft«<r t'l-ry 
ciinvt'iitioiml titmiiuri>, a<lvi'iitiiri>fi aiiioii); .li-wii, Moom. ami o-rtain 
nIamiiiiK aiwl, in th« lonu nin, •lincnatinK i)roiinilr<<l« who an- 
known a* " vi'ilid mm." Hut tin- ntoiy ii a (tirrini; <>nu : tho 
•li'wn anil thi> iiilvi'nturuuii iloctor who in thi< hi>n> of the itory are 
ailiiiinklily ihawn. Tho womt that can U- aaiil of " An African 
Troaiiurti " in that it ia nuitht-r i|uit« a lioyii' atory nor quiUi a 
iiovpI. Hut conxiilering Mr. ('oMian'ii ft^nni"" 'a<^>lty that i* a 
^oo<l ileal to oay. 

Mr. .1. HloiitKlolto-Hiirton'a new novel, A Bimii Hkritaor 
(CitHNcll, :iii. ikl.), h»!i thi> iiioro tlian ordinary merit <•( tieiog 
written in ^ood atyle. and of maintaining it* intorent to tho end. 
\\ itii a heroic hero nnd a moitt villaiiioiia villain one fi«li •iim 
of u aati»factory unravolling of the plot, hut until tho laat 
rhupter or two it inditHtnlt to iie<i howthat i* t<> ho ai-<-onipli*hod. 
The plot and tho dniiiriptioiiR of acenoa in Hritiah Hondiira* aro 
tho strong; |M>inta of tlie liook. In other reK|i«cta it too nearly 
approiichex nielixlnima. and a little more li^ht and aha<le would 
have iniprovLil the drawing of tho two |>riiicii>al character*. 



til f.Kl. 



1'iiE.si'AssKiiM WHO wKRB PROHRctrrKU (Dl(;hy, I^rfing. '2k. M.) 
is n volume miide up of two Khort sforii-s liy Suli (•niiit. Tliey 
illiistnite iiieceMNfiilJy enough the ilHligers of meildlin); with other 
|H-ople'K afl'tiirM. hut lliey liiive linnlly siitUcieiit prnliittiility to aet 
IIS n deterrent to the curious. Miss (iniiit writes plensantly, and 
wiiidit M'ein to have some aci|iiiiiiitiiiiee with Orienliil iimniuTK, 
lint her two lllth- tales wer<- hiirdly worth publishing in 
IxMik form. 

The heroine of Shr Walkr IK Braitii-, liy Katharino Tyimii 
(Smith. Kider. (V*.). Pamela, is a very atlraclivo youiiK w^niaii, 
;iiid lier story is iis romantic as anythiii); Mrs. Tynan has Kiveii 
Us. The title, perhaps, ^ivos rise tn t<Hi much (>X|MM*tatioii, liiit 
the admirers of •• The Dear Irish (tirl " will tliid this new la¥>k 
i|nite ns entertiiiiiiii;;, nnd that is saving a kihhI deal. 

TiiK KniHantkk. hy V. L. Silberratl (Macmillan, (S«.), is not 
an altogether satisfactory novel, but if. a» we fancy, it is a (in.t 
attempt, it i.<i iiMiuiikahly full of promiae. The author has over- 
erowdisj his- or slnmld we say her ?~-canva.s. with the n'sult that 
the narrative is confu.^ing and at timea drags. Hut at other times 
it Hows easily enough and dis«'los«>s a happy gift of arranging a 
scene and ot observing lifo, cfl|)ecially villago life in the remoter 
juirts of Kngland. There is an lulmirablo touch of comedy in tho 
chapter " (Nmceniing certain of the disadvantages of giMal 
fortune," in which tho hero, a village genius, who has recently 
come into some nmney, is urged by his {larents to riral the 
smartness ol village bumpkins " in comjiany." 

Mrs. L. T. Meade dosorila>s bcr book. Thr I>r.<iirr or Mkn 
(Digby Long, <>s.), as "an impossibility," and so saree us 
tho trouble of making tho remark ourselves. She tolls 
bow a strange man-.servHnt. named .lellybrand, opt'Us • 
boarding-bouse in Hloonisbury, where, in letiirn for a few 
shillings a week, be provides the fare of the most luxurious hotel, 
and contrives to make bis old boanlers young again thrt>ugh 
tlie exercise of his otvult powers. It is ho|ieless fooling, ami yet 
not unreadable, although one is driven at the end to wonler how 
the writing of it cjuld ever Iwve sevnuxl worth whiln. 



i.il f.-l lldnic* In Ihr bnok, srit 
'•• (rar IImI nnl r 
■iM-ii ltlt« »• 
:•• rluiiir«> fi>f >l 




IIS 



Tl.^ t....U _t U.. . 



:«.• / aa «».... 



unfrn 
l«lf' .11 

A I 

not la^ii 

mvrit M I 

th<' ' i.U siK , 

th< I rwbablti. I 

lilt '. V aiMHiiour (mMM* KP  

feiii for adaiitsliofi ■Mai 

emotiuiii. II !<• I oithottt R (vrUiln mlM 

Rre, uf coUTM), tlw liMiVllabIa soUU 
Um MiUtor of " ikwtlc's Ibby " 
Mtrliar norels, bimI  kowI tUal of 
to rMfler* alio liko tIi«<ao prMloaiiiMtiiid iniuwUeali 
lietion Misa Violet Whjrto • (or, shall •• »a)i. John 
Winter's ?) •' Kroken l>roiniso " will not onm* amis* 
Ni<'iioi.A« Axii Mary. a»i> (mtRR MitTnv I 
Murray tiilehrUl <(Snint liiebanU, .l*. •)!.). if < 
nanl snlisfaelory |»>rf"muiiir«' of ll» author I-  
Hland|Miiii(. U likely In Im> iIm' nxni |Mi|>uUr. Tb> . ' •. 
of Hhort slorien such ao Ihtw iMirvcvnl lo wtt-kly |'»|"-i 
ride, not an lliwnltr, ami ilo-^ imi i-an* for tlnknl I 
\nnit drawn out. He frankly I- • fmllR 

th<*w<. .\ml tbeit the taaik !• n, I 

RjfV" "o ! " Millon ' K"'"' I' " fl»TO*r 

tloii ir evPR prrvadiiiK It. TIm" fir»l •lory, " 

and Miir>. may !■• taken ax a »|>tTlni«'ii "f Ihr •--■'■ 
swiH-lhearts. the one of whom ha« ipmh* I" ' 
her fortune while the other has lie«'ri Iriie lo 
eoiintry, iw«-t in old a^i- ami inarry. Then- i- 
in it. hut it HowY on simply ami plea«aiiily. i ' 
humour in souh* of theollnT». in particular •" Mr». A 
the Butt»T-Huekster " and " Widow Hoi.-u»IU-> ." 

THE HAWORTH BRONTK. 

S<iiiie thnt* or four yram ap> an annoWMflB 
" Hnworth Kililfnn " ol the works of lbr> iil«t<>r» Br 
isNuotl by a (Inn of pulilinbi'm other lliau M««ani. Smit 
who are ro<<|Mtnsilile for tho |ir«>M>nl Important ami I 
Ihsiip. In that aiiixuineetneni, if wp wiMaki- not. it « 
that the nlitorlal dutii>s wi>r<< in the hamU of l)r. I 
Nicol iml Mr. C. K. Shorter. Fmm lb<> fael that Mr 
here eollalairal«'<i with Mn>. Humphry WjrU w i 
the lint oiiterpriso has lafn almiKloiMnl. With 
ctlilion lM>forc> us, imli'<-<l, we fail to IIihI any r- 
existene*' of anotlK'r " Haworth Kiliii«»«." or. inl' 
matter ol that, lor any other nliliiai whalsopvi'r. 

If critical lutnHliietions to n>|>rbitH <4 iio<^« a 
iMM-t-wary. thoM> lumish«<<l lH«r« by Mm. WanI am|ily a 

deiiuiiids. Thoy ar«> lailh im|»rtial and «• — »l«-. 

eviii<-<- an intiroalo aei|uainlanev with tl»' li hi 

The Bnt thrw» voluim*, " JaBo Kyrr, *• I 
and " VillrltP " (611. each), may bo taken aa ray 
Charlotte Bronte's eonlribution to KBKlt»h ri% 

evi'r Im' iM'holihMi to Mrs. WnnI fop hf^ n'  «'^ 

worth. But such an at tempt w.- 
not, at tho same liiiH*. sevk to 
ol their rr<>ator. To niaiiy, intlc 
the UKwt valuable : ami Mrs. V 
it is by any imlul|ii>no«' in a aariduoatri* o( ■>•" 
will help many a r»"««ler to a lullvr un<l<*r»tau<^...> --.  
•• whoMc griefs, rather, by tho alrhttny ol jioptry. hav< 
the joys ol thoM* who loUow after, ahow quirk ri)>li)(hl« 
|«'nt<ptions are iM>t lost in th«' m-wral Mom. ImjI n^Bii 
mark<-<l and pn>s>>r\e<l to us in lonm that havi* tho tiM^ 
iHiwer. thnuiich Ions vear>. to rcawakra aiaiilar drlii 



lit 
< an 
ler 



5S 



LITERATURE. 



[Januarv 



llui 'itr. K<H<lir»t<*r* ahtHiId tutvo Uhmi a iiiaii of 
 uhI jp'iwtM-liy. « ra»u with wiioni ih»I ouly Jmw Rjt«>, 
hal drarly tha- aritrr ht-rwlf, i» in love, miil yi>t rnimltlc of 
4MiliM«U*l,v lirlrayiiiK ami ()•>•'• i\ in!.- n |{irl «( twriity in n 
al«C«lBriy lM>lpl<->n> piiKiliiMi" (Ik ' fuiubiinr'iital iuixxIoh 

fli Ik* »u«ry. . . . Tho •• .-mi '• liy »tii<'li .liui<> 

^rr U k«l tu DihI a h<inM' In IIh' Kiv<T« hoiim-hcilil nnd Im>c<iiih»m 
at nnrv Ikt iun'lr'» h«'irt-».« nml the piinl nnK«'l of lirr m-wly- 
Utacorrml codtin* : IIm< «li-viit> nf i|it< iilinnlnni \<>ic<> timt 
rMalla hor tn Kocht'klor'M klih* : th«> flri' thnt ili-«lr<>y<i lli<> iiui«l 
wife. MmI iMivvnt into Jam*'* handk a miIhIu'iI himI liflpliwi 
ltork(«UT ; nil Iht-si- iH^kiii*; lo Ihnt UKiro irnvhitiiii-nl nml 
PkUTtuit ""■ r " ' 1i lln< iihmIitii iiovt-li-it of 

fprliui; aiKl Kil fnmi the novi>li»t of 

a«lvt*ll(ur«*, |iriiii-^ iiiiiiHi-it on n*iMttiiu*iii^. 

To Mjr Iki* of " Ja-M- Kyn> " i< to <-oml<>nin Ita fartii. or what 
IMtkapa ht Im>II«t r«ll4<<l it* |>nxrfMitnH>iit of lir<>. AimI yot the 
book roatinuoN to havr a |tnwor. an<l this Mn<. WnnI fXiilainH: — 

The Iruc kubJiH't of " Jam» Kyro " I* (ho courajp* with 
whii-h a triowllr^t ami loviuf; fi\r\ >Hinfrt>nt!< hor own |in^ioti, 
MmI. in IIk> iiit<T«'«( of MiUH- i>tranK<* ■^x'inl iuNtinrt which »>lii> 
kaow« aa " iluty," whifhi>h<' canm>t fX|>lain and can oMlyolM\v, 
Iraaplea ber luro uiMlvr fool anil gncM out uiiM>raltk> Into the 



Tkia ia tlM> afrret of th«> tioak. It io (.'harlot (o Bron(« homclf 
wko Imm to hp rorkom'tl within it!) ontiinato. " Thp main WM-rot 
of ike charm that rlin)r< to Chnrlottr BrontS'n liook* i*. hiiiI 
alwajn will Ix'. tlM- i-oiitact whif-h thi'v jrivo ns witli lu-r o»ii 
freak, liMlontitahli-, sur|iri!>inK |M'n>onnlity— Nur|>ri<iini; nlH>vo nil." 

** ShirU-y," th«» Itook Ihnt tort" its wny to <-ompl<M ion ovor a 
M<« of iiorrow*. failH in th«' nanM' way to (N>nvin<-<> nx of itN Krniip 
of llfp, ami yi't it iNtHimoii tran>ini;itr«<<l in tho lijtht of Chariot («•'« 
own life. It i«, in nMiiy roRiMvtx, immatnr<> ns n literary olTort. 
As with hor othor nloritw, it fontuins pr<>HonlationH of ninlc> 
rharmrl<*n> which couhl have n<i cxif-tonco in r«'aiily. They toslify 
lo the writer'* ini'X|>«'rii"n<'«', but. at the same tinH-, thoy lK>ar 
witiHiw to her ca|iacity for |iroj«>ctinK lierself into her cn-ntionH. 
Yot " Shirley " nlw) |>er!«iKt». " Thus n|^in," wiys Mr*. Wiinl, 
*' wo retuni iMice UH»rc> to tin- central claim, the re<l<>eniinK s|m'1I 
of all t'liarh>lti> Bronte'a work— which lies, not no much in the 
thiuff written, to xpeak in iwrailoxoa, aa in the t4>ni|M-r ami heart 
of the writer." 

PorhapM the only male character aneeeiwfully prownte*! to na 
t>j Charlotte Bronti is M. PnnI Kmnnuol. He is the one man 
awnnjf all tlH* nn-n nf all her stori«>s wlio it fr<-<- of our 
<l neat ion in^. He elntlea our criticism in jmtt the siinie wny ns 
•••w>» any rr>»ility. He is the offspring; of Cliarlotie Bronte's 
' at a tiuM- when a ninliinHl n)i-<lllntion nn<I a 

I life hail lieliMtl her to ilistiiiKuihb lM-tw<-«-n 
what actually exihtitl nml what she thought wno |MH>Hilile of 
••xinli-ntv. Jam- Kyre, (.'uroline Helslone, I.,iicy Snowi-- tlw's*' 
lived with hor alway*. All that was re<|uire(l to lu-oji-et tliem aa 
eroaUona waa the artinlic k'^'i ntul an she luiil this in nn 
aaUmiakinK doKree, her heroines are there for nil time. With 
UwanI K<M-lM-»ler. Biiliert Moore, Ixuis Moore, or Dr. -lohn 
Itn-tton il is •liOerent. Tln-y are com|HiM-<l of unreiiitiil mnt<-rini. 
Thojr are liumlles of i|iialil !<■<>, Ieni|ier»nients, i-linracterislics. 
Thnjr am not oritanic simply lie<-auM- ('linrlolt4> Bronte's ex|M-ri- 
r nm waa lia»it«-«l. The i|uiel provincinl life of the liou-u-hold of 
a poor cnuolry iianwrn olIere<l few op|>orluiiiti<>s for providing 
tb<* material which her icenius ik'mandetl. Her tmuldes, nlHO,ancl 
her reliKioa* outlook on life len<ie<l to accentuate her liiaa 
toward senlinieulality. But I'aul RiuaniM'l i* of anot Iter world. 
He, Moro than I..acy Kmiwe or Paulina flo Bassonipii-rre or 
MadaMeBe^'k. mihIs us to " Vlllette." nnd " Vlllette. " in Mrs. 



it the lt>t(or of Olio who ho|i«M to lliid aomc ai 
further s«'rvlo«<. It was written to Mr. Oo 
publisher, shortly after hU lunrrin^te, und, com 
wny of iiiinNluclion to M. Paul Kmnniiel. we an 
as to Mr*. Want's own viewa as lo Churlotle 
for M. Hi>K«'r. Wo ijuote what she «»yM aljoul 
nmrrinp- : - 

Tlie step in conlemplntion Is no liuxly oni 
nwn's side, at iisisl, it has Ims-u meditnttsi for 
I ho|M- Ihnt in nt lust ncet><lini; to it I niii iic 
wliat I earnestly wish to do. My futur<< linsi 
HMU. He was for eiithl yenr* my lather's 
iMs-auM' the iden of this niurrinp' wnn not 
wishutl. His departure wns roKiirdiNl hy 
culnuiity, (or he luid devoted hiiiixdf l<i li 
ordimiry diliKence. Various cirt'iniisl,inc<-s hi 
to consent to his return, nor can I deny that 
have lie«>n much inipress(*d nnd chanited li 
slren;;1h of the i|ualili«4< liroUKliI out in the < 
altacluu<-nt. I fear I must nccuM- myself of 
<|one hiiu less timn jnstic<>. However, lie is ti 
He hu* for^^one many chances of iin'feniieiil 
olisciin* villaKe of Hauorth. 1 Isdieve I do i 
him. I menu to try to make him a >{iK>d'«ife. 
heavy nnxiely, but I Im'kiu to ho|M> all will 
My expectations, how«'vcr, aw very siilMliied 
I tlan- say, to wluit yours weif In-fois- yon Her 
and Fear stand so close to Hojie. I soiiietiiiie< 
her for the shadow tlu-y cast. And yet I niii ( 
the <loiil)tfiil future must Im> left with Provide 

On one fealiiii- in the iimrrlap- lean dwel 
satisfaction, with a certainly of iN-inir i'i(;ht. 
from tlie nltontion I owe to my Father : I am 
— my fnturtt hnslmnd consents to come here — l 
by tin- step a devotisl and r<>liHl)Io assistant 
There can, of course, Im' no iimisoii for 
intelligence from your Mother nnd sisters 
kimlly to tlu»m whenever yon write. . . . 

In tli<> connte of the year tlint is ({one Cor 
linve ri>«-<sle«l a lonjc way from me ; thi> links > 
hnve wn\e<l very fmil and few. Il niiist l>e 
All things considered, I don't wish It ollierwii 

It lias ls><Mi ajjemiine jdeasure to rend Mr>. Wnn 
This tslitiou should eoni|H'l n re-readiii|; ot C 
writinpi. The jiublishors also des<>rve that I 
Kiven them for the handsome form in which 
iK-en i>ruduo<-d. 



Xibvar\> Botes. 

The wnr hnn nnliirnlly turneil the iilleiil 
librarians lo the pr<Mln<-tion of s|M>cial lists of th 
Africa. There are those pnblislieil by the It 
and Nt. Haviour's, N<iu(hwark, and the If'hi 
iTironirlf has imncd a list in the form of a su| 
other library Jonrnnls eontnin similar sjiei'ln 
liooks. The dinicnlty nf k(H>piiiK n prinlisl libn 
to ihite eiihniic<>»( the vnliie of tli<>se |M>riisllcnl 
thoiKMhat contain ri>nlly valuable l>lblio(rraphi<~> 
the Qiiiiiirrlit Ilrfnrd uf ihr Miiurhftrr Firr l,ihr< 
I'lihlif l,ihi(ii>i JoHiH'il. MTid it'rit Hum t.lh,iirii 

The VolkMlfm It )....,- ,,i,il llie lio.1 k 

Winat4tii Churchill from tlH' Pn-loria Pnlilic LI 
OKca|N> was " Mill on Lils-rly." We 1io|m> t 
opiKirtnnity (o return tlii< volume Is-foi-e his hi 



Jnimary in, 1900.] 



LITKHATrilK. 



■•1 



the other iby a* |>mlaibl«s In now an aommipllahKtl hrt, 
ri-riiKtiitloii iif III* Kri«t M'rvIit'M " thi* rurutim nf the Boillt'lan 
liav<< KriiiittMl Mr. Ni<iilMiiit>r n r<>tirlii|{ |m<ii»I<>ii nf ITJSU (■•r 
iiiiiinin, IIIn ratnliiKiiiiiK •■' tli" MHH. Iiapi Im<«-ii ii -is 

liisk, i-iirriitl mil In thf niimt nlili< iimiiiii-r, ntul hi* f i m-. 

to Jt-wlnh (■((•rntiirr woiitil nuiko n li-iiKlhy lUl. i 

• • • • 

Thn KUiHM'MMor ii) Mr. Itobprtnon, whnno r«>Nl]{iuiiloii of lhi> 
liliniriiniNril|i «f lh<> Alwnh-^Mi Piilillc Lllintry wn>i r«M-«Milly 
tiotiiTil III ihix <;<iliiiiiii, U Mr. (i. M. KriiM>r, who hno h>iiK Im<<'Ii 
i'ii({ikK«'<l ill Um'iiI jiiiiriiiilioiii. .Mr. FVumt in wi-ll kiu>wii n» 
a hlhli<>|ihiU-, IhiiiiKh h<< ihM'i not ii|i|M'ar to liavr hail oiiv 
|ir«>vioiis c'\|ifri<'iii'<> at u lilirnriun. A |ir<i|MMiliiiii wim M-rimiKly 
iiiimU' liy •uHiii' i>( thi' Al>cr(ht>ii ('oiiiiuilt«t> that thu rvlirliiK 
lihmriitii " Nhoiilil Imi irnktMl to Nt«y ou (or »lx luoiitlu luiiKvr to i 
)i)sirtu*( hiM Hiirf*"-'*""*. " I 

• » • • 

Thf hilc l>iiKi' "t W ■■xtinlliNta'r iliil iiol ovi>rh>ok Iht' |Mil>lio 
liliriiry imivfiiifii'. Uy fiir the Ki^'<tt<>r iw' <•' thu (ininvfiHir 
hiMlati' is ill ihc pariHh of St. (iforKi*. Haiiovor-Miiinn'. niiil ll 
wax iu> iloiiht lh)> |;(>ii(>roMity of (hi* Diiki' in (troviiliiiK n xitt> for 
a luililic lilirary that iiiilui-«Ml hin ri-llow r»ti>|inyi>rx to \u\ thriii- 
••I'lvrs (o tho liiiiitcil i-xti-iil of tlio hair-|H>iiiiy ri»l«» (MumikIi to 
iimintuiii tho lilii-ary. Th<> voliiiitury rr<'<> lihmry at B«<lbiuil- 

Ki 11, if Wf rriiiiMiilM'r riKhlly, luiil ri-nxon i" !-• ......i,.r..i i.. ,|„. 

l)iikt>, anil al.Ho lhi> |mblii' library ut C'tutitt'i 



Tb* KidunoMi IhiblW Utawy, Mm iMi, 
raltulilo oollactioii of loml hmim aad *iMr*. AA 
jiiH bMii mmU t» til* oaria* uf ftittu Tkrm U I 
<'>i«ii«ar, who, a> t'Irrk .4 Ik* Worka al Om KhHi'a 
l*aUrM, Miparinlcuilnl aMorattoo* aad* by itiillai 
oia |wIm* at Hiehmuoii. Um« fiU4 Wktm. Ametim 
one i>t Itmn Colai, who l.ttiU m booaa Ui Ik* Uaar A 
tbw QiMtao'a eiAUga aivl Rrouiiila ami »mt iW aita of 

IViiFry. ll w«a htra that I'anlinaJ W«4aajr ^  ' 

 li*|trac*. Tl.» prista ala» iuelwU purttar 
i-haplain l<> (Tbarlea I., who fouuiM aliiAiiiwi i ai 
of Cotlay Ciliiior, Ki-an, ami otbvr acton who afifa 
ol.l thMtro : of Hwift, who avrvatl Hir Wiliiaoi Ta«pl 
MHTotary in hi* hoiiM at Waat Khaaa ; of lobs (h 
at RichmoiHl with hit |aitrn(ia, the Qinwiahanj* 
for noiiHi tiina a rtwiilont : kihI Oaorga Kli«t. » 
ParKahot, whi'fx iib» wr<ita bar " DoMMS ol CUrm 
alioiit to >« iNillml down. 



(Iorrc8pon^cnce. 



"SOUVENIRS DUN AU>INUT: 

TU THI EIIITUK. 

.Sir, I'lThniM voiir rritir aii'I ' >■« will p 

wonhi fnNii MM- on ihi' iiilijtvl of hir- f bit In 

* * * * , lh<< " Sonvfiiin il'un Al|>ini»l<' " of Kat>h< JavHIn. 

.\t lh<> o|M<iiiiiK of tho new Fnt' l.iliniry nt Acton tho other I |>lnc«>, I thank him for hi* inti-n-vlinK »>ti« ••« ' 



<hiy s«>ni<' iiitcivslliiK >.|n<<>i-I>i'h were iiiaih' liy tlio I'nitftl Slaltit 
AiiiluiHMiiloi', tli*> HiMhop of Loiiiloii, anil Lord (it<<>r|;t< Huinilton, 
.Mr. I'himlo ivfi>rn>»l to the nn-iit tli-vt'lopuu-iit of llio imlilic 
library niov«>iiH<nt in his own i-ountry. ]lo biiiiM-lf iiuiilo im> 
inviilioiiM uointMriHon, but 8oiu«> foinnHMita u|M)n hia !i|MH><-h iu<<>ni 
to sii|i|M>s« u »>*<'<>( inferiority in thi> Kn^linh |inlilif libroricH. 
Tlio~<> who linvo visiteil Aint-riou will, w<> think, liarilly ajin-*-. 
'I'heir syMlcui lias. |H-rlia|>.H, one ailvanta);e over oura owiiif; 
to its clowi' it'lalioiiKliip with lli<> scIiimiIh. 

 • • • 

Till- ni'w ."M'ric^i of the Lihritiy imikoM it.i a|>|i«ir«no<> an n 
i|iiart<>rly iiiMoiiil of n nioiithly journal. Mr. J. Y. W. Mai-Alistor 
is still (Mlitor, aiul tho first niinilN>r is n pmmI one anil woll 
printoil. Mr. A. W. Pollard's illnstnitod dosoription of "Wo.*!- 
• iits in Knjriish Plays Bi-foro !(««) " and tho "' ('ntnlotfuo of 
Dnuton's I.ilirary," by Mr. M. Ht'llix-, dosorvo s|M-oi»l niontion. 
Tho |Hi|H'rs doaliii}; with tho practical as|M-cts of librarianship 
arc not so i>fIoclivo, llio writers nndiiiK little !■> tell us that is 
now, witli tho except inn of Mr. .1. K. B<h>so in the first inHtaliiH-nt 
of a series ot pa|iers on the t'olonial libraries. An art ioh- on the 
Work in;; of o|N-ii access in public loiidinc librnrirs, in which tho 
writ«-r threatens that all librarians wlm resist or fail to 
oiioonra^fo this system " will have to . . . . jco : " s«-eiiis 
to us a little ovorstate<l. Tliore is merit in tljp iden of o|M'n 
shelves, liiit it is an old. not n now, roatiire in llbrnrios, and no 
one can lay it down as a drastic law to Ih.< linmoilintely 
roadoptiil. 

* • « • 

Unw^in's '• ('hn|>-Boi>k," in its nci-oiint of nn Interview with 
Mr. Knux, for forty-seven years head of the Lihmry D«>|mrtinont 
of V. H. Smith and Son. describes him as " a PriiiM> Minister of 
oircnialinjj liivnirios." Tlio interview «lo«"s away with any idea 
that Mr. Faux tlnds most enjoyment in the compilation of the 
iiiffcr r.ryiiiri/iitoi-tii.'t. which has leil to his Iwinir ciiIIihI '* Censor 



I Valh-y." which will !«• of srrvirr «h<Hdd a •min* 

" AlpiiH' Meiuoriiii " Ih> railed for. 1 will (ladly i 

. iiblin'viation " Moim." (or MoaaitMV If yon will ki 

{ IDP of a loKiliiiute nhhrprallna of lb» lair wiinl w 

{ Ih> mistaken (or the Inlthil of a p rt m am b^iriaiiiic i 

is true that to rt'ndi'r rtnilinnoiisly in IbislNh hnth tli 

the euphony of a Kr«-nch original is a vi>ry ililBrull, 

ini|MWvsiblo, task. Yd I fe<>l lliat F'reiich rhelitrir ht 

I of tmnslation into Kniclish rhetoric with vi-rr III 

! " tljivour." Several inslaiM'os leap to my tniml. In 

I my author I wmdd cite lh<> |«K<<s of " Pn*mi^re \ 

I Toiir-Noir," which are lmnslat<-<l mi pp. :t7S-.'VO 

' Memories." I fear to exhaust ymir |ialiem-<>. ImiI ] 

• nientioii t«t> otlM<r |Miiil». TIm> firti i« thai Ikr 

\ " iiWKazinp articlea," which la |ierfe--'i-- i....ii;...., 

I such writin)pi as " AsttMislim dn I: 
I classical rompiitiition likt> tho " fninirn' .\mi>m«h 
Noir." and a pruM<-|MH>in likp *' he* Malta tl» Pbw 
which had iMit be«>n published in a mainuiiiir prior ' 
ano«> in hotik (orin. TIm' see<Hiil point is that n 
further from iny inte<ili<Hi than to " iwlnmiap " Kmt 
To avoid. wlM'n* |Mwnilih\ th<' ilism*niination nf f>mir 
, ii>nscienet>. To In- piM>lii*al is a slate «( |rnu<«>. . 
inac<-nnite : lo ei>rre<-l him was profM-r. Rat he WW 
cnidd mit pMtr<Hiia>' him. 

Your »(ie«ii(Hit sertant. W M »"»■ 

40, Silver^n-aemit. GiinnershorT. Jan. T 

THE HISTORY OP NORTHUMBER 

TO THE Kt>ITi>K 
Sir. — Please to kintlly o«rr»s i thr »tj»it'ni*tit .if roi 
on p. IS in your issue of Inilay that th«> hislorj- -f 
I'aslle ill this fifth voliiim- was written 1'v Vr.J. t'rawf-T 
Both in tlH> prefaec and at tbr • 'oeni of I 



54 



LITERATURE. 



I January 



A LITERARY COINCIDENCE. 

TO TIIK KDITOK. 
Sir. — 1m all Mx-aulay'it wriliiipi Iht'rp t» mt nM>n> fnuvHiH 
than llwl in which h<< n>nlnii>t> th<> mflhinio i>r the 
Ckardi of Knelaml awl tbt* Chiin-h o( Uiiom'. ainl xhow. how wvll 
liM> lalirr U ablr to " fanaliai* " teiwtiriHin by dmhiiio of the 
l«ligliMn odlrro : 

TIm> i|riH>niii( fiilhiKlaot whoni lhi> AnglicMii Church tiiakfo 
— HH 'Wy. awl. whalt^n^r IIm* |ii>lii>> aiwl li>«rii<<<l nuiy think, a 
ft dwigr rniiii <>iM>mr,tlM>('allH>lir Chiin-h niaki-n a i-liampioii. 
8k* bMa him iiurM* hin la'artl, f«von> hiiu with a hioMl mimI 
gemm of coarM- ilark Htu0, atid mmmU him fortli tu ttiu*h iu Iht 

Aad M forth, with a rarioir of illiiot rations •.hoivin;; what woiilil 
haT« h>|Ha in ■! ir\V<>kl4>y hati b«>oii a Calholif aiwl Ipintiiis IxnolH 
aa Anftican. 

The tdNi U fi>iM>nill,r Mipprmitl t<> havo ))f<<>n Maoaiilay'K 
own. But it wa» uitiripatol liy an t-arlifr writer with w'hi>M> 
worka Uaraulay waa iiMlubitably familiar. Th<' aubjit-t nnih'r 
lUaMMakMi W'ax Ibo oulbn^k of Pi4>tiHm in 8w'it»>rlaD<l anil 
0«niiaiiy, aiMl lh«> i<l<<a ia thim unfnhlol : — 

The Kimtaii <'ntholi<-k<t. wlm n-proarh Iho ProtoMtanlti for 
their bitwkini; into Ku<-h n Miiltituih-of Kfligiont.. ha%-f ci-rtninly 
takm thr miKt rllift ivi- way in thi- NVnrlil for tho ki'«-piiig 
thoir Fkirko l<>i;<-tlM'r ; I tlon't in<iin th<- I'lniinhnn-ntH they 
inllic-t on Mi'U'o I'mMtn*. whit-h nrt- <-ommonly l<Kik'il upon bi 
tlM- rhiof MrthoU by whirh thoy lU-ti-r thi-iii from brrnkin); 
thnMiiih th.' I'alc of tlB- <'hnr<-h. thon|!h i-crliiinly IIh*^' lay n 
KM-at KcKlmint <Ni thiMf of th<> Koinan Catholick Pi-rsiinxion. 
n4it 1 taki- <H>f emit CaUM' why then- an- m> few mn-In in the 
t'linr. Ii .•( |{onM>. l4i Im> tlw Mnlliliiilc of ('onv<-nts. with which 
\vh«'r«' niMMMul. that wrvo aj. K<H-«'ptncU's for all thoM' 
I i"l» who wnuhl wt thf Chnrch in a Flami'. wi-n- not 

tWjr u»»t top'th«>r in thrw* Houaii* nf r><>Totion. All Men of 
4ark TimpiTo. a<-<-onlin(f to tlioir ili-grtM* of Mi>lnncholy or 
AlthaaiaMD. may IIihI Omrcnt^ lltUtl t<> their Hinnonrs. anil 
meH with CaUpanionH ghiwiii); no tlii'ms«-|vcH. So that what 
the Prr>t<-«lants winihl call a Kanatick U in the Koman C'huri-h 
a Keli^iiou!. of Mich anil Huch an Onler. 

MacMllay ilpreh>|>eil thi« idea; but the piiHtiage qiiotiil eertninly 
MMrtaina a pMNi (l<-«l more than the germ of it. How- many of 
jroar readers reoognise the quotation or can give the aoiiree of 
it? Youm trulv. V.C. 



Hutbors anb publisbcrs. 

 

The aaalrlieal table nf hnnk<< piibliiiheil in 189R. whie'i ap- 
prarrd in the " Hnhlimben' Cin-iilar " Inat week, proven that the 
war fliil not wriiniiily affiM't the prrMlnetion of new hnokn until the 
■HNitti at I^-ertnl^er. A« we im-ntioiM>il at the time, it wan the 
faookarller wbi> onfferetl fimt. anil it wan not until the nerii'H of 
AHHtera lail taken place, which culininateil with the chiH-k to 
Balirr on the Tiitrnla. tliat the piiM inhere felt the full effeetw of 
the war. Thrrttffh the tot.tl for I«W exiisiU by fifty that of 18118, 
It l» I -■ • true that tin- iiicn-n*!' woiilil have iM-en much 

Uricer I ' ;:eiM-ral anxiety caiiwil by the i-amini^ii, for many 

Mew bnuks m^re kept back tliirinic the ekminK wie«>ka of the year. 
The table abuwit that in the moot pn^uiiient ih-|nrtinent, which 
larladea jarenile wnrka. mneU. tahm, ami other Uet ion. only 
•eT(9lty'<ia*iM'wlMa>k«wen. i<i<>ne«l in IK-eeniberlnvt npiiniit n lolnl 
nf ITS ia the Milw month nf 18tM. True, the piiliticallon of new 
editiaiM lofrreaMtl by two, but the exivptional nnnili-r ol n-printa 
waa MW of t»M- fealnn-« of tftKt. It wat an Ainerii-nii (an the 
" PaUiaher- r " itwif reniitH|e<l ;■«) wlm ri'iiiarkeil that 

 il ' *• a IPofMl etioiltfh lill(iltMH.« if il wn« liol for 



i» In pre|Mralion, anil will pn>bnbly l>i> reaily for 
the Clarenilnn Prv-»» l)afon' the enil of thin year ; 
(incluilinK the iKMthuinouN wr!tinij:i< firHl publixliml 
now arraiiKeil in chronnloKirnl nnler with ailili 
i»ine«' ili»i'<iver»«il, anil with the iliNsertallonN n 
cari'fnlly n'vitMNi anil to a (fntit exti-nt n'written. 
be eiirtaihvl. I*mf. Campbell Kniser will be >tli>il 
fnxh liiogrnpliicnl or bililio);nipliical iiifnrmiilioli 
of itrmra in bin lirKl edition, niiil i-omiunniealioiiH in 
to him at tho Univoraity Preaa, Oxford. 

When the KiiKli^h nlirlilKinent of M. I. Rlm-h' 
pilbliHiieil, the Hn;;iie Penii> Coiifen>liiH> liiiil Juh 
fiiinoiiM nieetinir*. " N War Now Im|ioNNilile ?" 
thought to Im< a title likely to np|M>nl ti> th 
inter«*ste<l in bringing almiit the reign nf iieace. 
now eonie, nnil aK M. UliM-h'it laMik, in the won 
CaniplM'll-Bannernian, " glvi>)i the key to the 
title of the nliriilgment. \k tn lie chnngeil to " M 
anil MiMiern N\nr "- n title which far more Iru 
eontiMilH. 

AnMMig the niultifariniiH iliilies whieh fmm tin 
lM>en enwt u|Mm the .Tnilicinl Committee of the I 
that gri>at Ini|M>rinl ap|M'llate Court, on whow en 
juriMliction Mr. HiililHiie. i).('., M.P., him lately 
iiig the Scots Liiw Siwietyof the University of VaU 
which iip|M>alK H|M>cinlly to the Nlmleiit of litcriitur 
of the Copyriglil .\cl, 1842, iiiwrti-il on tlie 
Macaiilny, this triliunni is given jxnver to licensi 
tion nf iMMiks wiiii-h, after the ili-nth of the authr 
the iii|iyright n>fiisi>s (n nilow to lie repllllli^ 
Copingi-r's interi'sting work on the I^w nf C 
iilitinn) il is statist inn nnte tn |iagi> 115 that " th 
to have Imvmi put In force with regard toSir(»iV)K 
' Bronilstone of Honour ' " ; but a diligent si 
qiuirters has fiiiliil tn discover any coiifiriimlioi 
lion. It is iH'lieviil that so far the authority 
Coiiiniitti<e miller the M-etinu hns not Ihimi invok 
notwitlistniiding, no one will deny the wisdom of 
n useful enactiiHMit in thn Statute-book. 



In ennnexlnn with the nsaninption by Colour 
ilulii*N as Governor of Northern Nigeria, and \ 
anneMitinn nf the land nf the Hiiiisas by the Briti' 
(^annn C. H. Knhinson has written a Imok, whici 
diately pnblishiil by Messrs. Horace Marshnll ni: 
" Nigi'ria : Our Latest Pmtivlorate." Canon It 
lys-fun-r in Hiiiisa tn the I'liiversity of Cambridge, 
the late John Alfnil ItoliiiiHoii, in memory of wl 
AssiM-ialion was founded, and his " Hiiiisiiland," 
years ago, estiililishiil his i-laiin to In> considen 
authority on the siilijii-l. Thai iKsik gave an ii 
author'* travels through country almost unknown 
Kngland. The new work pn-si-nls a pictiin- of the i 
territory as a largi> corner of thcBrilish Kiupin-, tn 
eyeainiist niH-eMMiirily turn later in the year when ( 
trlesiimelusions withthoslave-raidenioii the Imnle 
Then- is a full descriptinn of the mnrket-place< 
ttas pnibalily Ihs-ii unchangeil for a thousand yea 
eoulil lietler indicate the poKsiliililii~> awaiting 1 1 
nf trade there than this aceounl of the antii| 
iiuiniifaclure in vogue. Canon Koliinson n-cogni/.i's 
will en- long iM-extinct in Nigeria, and tlinl thecou 
li<>lui<en Mnhoiiiedniiisin iiiid Christ iaiiit v : and 



:£. 



MM 



JiUMUiry 13, 1900.] 



LITERATI' RE. 



iliHruiiifiitM aro not iii4'r<>ly of Im-al iin|iort4im-«', luit i!ont«ln many 
Intt'D-ittiiiK <l<*tMll<< n» tn tlii< l>iif<'ntMM>rliiic nml |irlval«<*rlnic 
iixliixtrU'N, mill tli*> o|M>rall<>n>t of tlM< Civil M'nr nf tlio iM<v<>nl<fnth 
i-fiitiiry. A K'xxl Mmtiy of lliotn (ibitiiis fri)in I'JOO to th« pn-wiit 
i-i-iitiiry) wcrii |iiilili>ilii'il In tlii> liH-al iic\VH|Hi|M'r« niMiiit lunily 
yrars aco iitiiU-r llii- Joint olitornliii) of Mr. WninuriKlit niul iIh- 
l.ito Mr. .1. H. t'liiiiinT. Tlioy will now Ih- intr<Mliir).il to n lurn'T 
piil.ll.'. 

SiKi::s, —Dr. H. A.tiilf-., I'niii-'.^.ii' ni i I >•• m < 'uinliriilKi., 

I, \\iiiiiiu Tor till' M'ritw of " HiHlorii'^ of Literal un-," iililiil liy 

Mr. (Mm.«', anil iinliliNliiHl liy .Mr. \V.M)-in ann, n \olnriH- mi 

•■ CliiiifiM' l.ltrralnrK." .Vimlln'r ni'tt viilniiii- in tin- •aim- «-ri<.s 
will Ih! " Sanskrit Lit«>ralnr«," Ity tliti ni-w I'mhiuMir o( Jiiuutkrit 
Hi Oxroril, .Mr. A. A. .Manl II. 

Tlio IH'W volniiii' in llio " Story of lln< Nntlnnx " H«rl«a U 
I ho Htory of '• MiHlorn Italy," l>y I'ii-tro Omi, who io I'mroannr 
of HiHtory in tlio U. Liris) FoM-arini, Vciiiit-. Tin* niinilH<r of 
voluini'M of this H<<rii-s with (IiIh now onu nmlcfs fifty-lwu, hihI it 
is not |iro|NMisl to ailil nuiny nion*. 

Tlio roiirlli volniiio of tho " Horo<nt of th<> liofornmtion " 
S<>rio!i, oililoil liy i'rofoN!M>r Siiinnol .Macnnhiy .lackMni. anil |hiI»- 
livlii'il by Mi'strM. I'nl nam's Koiih, will Ih< iniltlishttl in l.onihin 
Hliortly, It Im Htmnitit that tho only iintisifnctory liioKraphiiii of 
ll<-iui at |ircs<-nt olitainalili< nm in (iornuin, ami in I.rfitin. 
Mr. Mfiiry, Martyn Ifairil, tho anilior of tho forthi-oniiiiK 
vii|iiiii<>, has iiln'iiily hnil a K'xxI iloal to nay i-oni-ornint; tin* ituin 
iiiil luM inisNioii in his " History of tlio Kiso of tho Mn((nonota of 
I'rnin'o " ami liis " HiiKiionots ami Honry of Navarro," for, aa 
111' ii'innrks in his profiioo, tin" history of I'rotostantism in Krami' 
rouhl not Im> writ Ion wilhont montion of tho part playoil liy iioxa, 
Iho frionil of Calvin, tho lulvisor of Honry I\'. until within tivo 
yoars of that Momin-h's ih-alh, and tho r<'i'o)(ni)usl loatlor of tlio 
Koforinoil Chni'oli in tlioFronoh-s|H-akinK conntrii'M tliroii(;h many 
I'Vi'iilfiil yoars. .Mr. Baiitl has oliiaiiusl liin fai-t.s from tli<< 
.iri^jinal sonroos, oM|K'<Mnlly from B»'W»'s own Jotttin and aiito- 
liioKraphii-al iioIon. 

Tlio now volnino in tho " QnostioiiH of tlio Day " S<>rio« 
wiiich MoHsrs. Pnlnaiii's Sons will shortly pnlilisli isi "Tho 
Hotionoration of tin- rnitoil Statos : a For»>rast of its Imlnslrial 
Kvolntion," liy .Mr. William Morton (iriiinoll. Tho );roatoMt 
ilanp-r of tho timo apjioars to Iho author to In' tho Hiippn-ssioii of 
iiKlividiiali^in. " Hy this," ho says, " our oonntry was fonniloil ; 
liy this it. has Im>ooiiio tho foroiiiost nation in tho world." Mossrs. 
Putnam's nro also alH^iit to pnlilisli a littlo voliim(> of " Folk 
Sonffs from Iho S|>iinish " liy Hi-lon HiintiiiKton soiiKHof Sonlhora 
S[min s<>Ioutc<l from tlio poets or |>ickc<l up by tho wayaido In 
.VndaliiMia. 

Mr. Mnrrny bnH a lunnlM^r of important now bnoka In hnnit 
for tho no\t fow months. Boforo iloaliii); with tho iH>volli)>«t it In 
worth moiitioiiiiii; lliai llio lalo Hon. Honry CIin-Io'm " Story of 
Iho tJroat B<M-r Trek" d-ilitisl liy his );miiilHon, Mr. W. 
Hi-odri('k-CI<M'lo, who is dovotiiiK tho pi-ollts of Iho hcxik to tho 
fund for tho widows anil orphans of tho sohlior^ killoil in Sonth 
Africa) has alr4>ady pmo to an oi}(hlh oilition. Tho post|Hin<il 
Momoir of tho Diiohoss of Took has also lioon larRoly tnkon up in 
London, and has Iio<mi n'printod Ih-foro pnlilii-ation. It is now 
.iniionncod to ap|H>ar at Iho oiid of noxt wook or tho bOKinniiiK of 
tlio fiillimiiiK wis^k. 

Of now iMMiks iiorhaps Iho mn«t intormtinf; ia anothor 
volnino of naval liioKnipliios ontitUsI " Onr Naval Horoos," 
with a profaoo liy Lord Charlos H<^rosford. Tho foatiir«> 
c if tho work is that tho iiionioir^, whorovor imssiblo, nro writfon 
liy the dii-iM-t dosoondaiilsof tho lioroos in iinoMlion ; somotimos by 
tlio prosont hoads of tho familios. Thus. Adminil Lord Anson is 
doall witli liy Lord Liohllold : Admiral HIako by Major K. .1. 
Hliiko ; .\iliiiir,il Kiirl Howo liv-Viso.miit (."nr/.on, tlio moiiilior for 
tho Wyooiiilio Division of Biii-kiii|;lmnishiro ; .\dminil Lor«l 
(Jnivos by lli(> pi-f'sont Irfinl Cravosaiid Colonol Frank tiravos ; 
K;irl St. Vinoont by tho prOMOnt Vixooiint St. Vinoont (in 
<'ollalH>ration with Mr. L. C. Carr LaiiKhton) : .\ibniml Vis«'ounl 
MikmI by (ioiioral Visoonnt Hrid|Hirt and tho Hon. Aloxandor 
Xolson HixhI ; anil Nolson bv tho pros»Mit l-jirl Nolson lnls«i In 



of Jnnuiii-a. 

himI u.,* li.i 



H«> dimi al »n 

I..I ,1. ,1.. Ik.. 



•IN kU wax hamm Ifmi l» 

 • —-^iry al Kiltiiliurcli 

I iairt ftmr mad i 

i-iiri.Mt* r*-«-*i#<l I 



tall* \ i«4'«iiiiii <K«iii^i,,ii 

I|m> HiMIM- of ClHIIIIHMI*. I-. 

from My Joiiriial," and riiiiiaiua a ftvia- 
MiiM L. K. l>i-iii<M>n. Two ttt-1* iillllnn- 
aro alMi aniHMnM-<.il, 
Tnrtlor'* '• Lifo of .1 
und Iho ollior u rot m)iI 
Hirtb to |H.'7.  Tlio l«.' 
Moiiioim, i.ilil«.il by Mr. I . ^ ' 
It liiis Im.*'!! out of print for 



' •■•iniplolo. 

I'irray'* ImkiIi* for Ibo aiarini will 

l.v ll, i:...r.-.. V.I I'.....— I 



may now li»- ' ' 

' «Mhor« 
VoluilM' o( 
CollofP', Diililiii 
Honour ; and in ' 

KIworlhy'n aim i* loalum iliai li- 
<if lioiiixir and of triinnph fnxii r. 
Middio ,\|;i~>, fomiini; nn imp-. 
a iiiohop ami I|m> orown id a K' 
tho horns of tho dotil, ami liow In- . 
lion ; and deal. anwNiK •■(hor llm . 
known niiuiiiM of (irtirk and Moman duoicatu- lifo. 

In Iho otmrw* of a w. - ^< 

aiHl (.'o. will publish an i-i 

of Iho .Most Kill. -ll l'la.\.. \>} Mr 

lMM>k whii'h W.I -iH.4i a numla-r or 

an.ithor Itnn. It i> ..iiiiM.ir m tri-almi-nl to tb<- '^o 
" Koy to tho WaviTloy Novid*," alwi iHildUht^l i 
Swnn S<iiin«'ii»ohoiii. nnd now If 
havo Ihwmi »dd<-<l III llx' for' 
dnimatisti now iiiilndiNl n. 
B<<auiiMMit and Fb'lohor,  ' 
CoiiKrcvo, Lord Lytton. ;■' 



ii», anal 

11 JlHIMII 



KltU«l«i 



Moaara. Oliphant, Andonmn, and Fcrrier annnMHm 

on iniMsioiiary snbjootn : Iho tbini volunw of tl 
" Christian Missions and Stn-ial Pr»i(cn««i " Iho (lr«t 
voliiim-<< havo run into M>vf>ral odilinii* ; a tran«' 
(•orman of Dr. Wanio«.k'« " Hiilory of Pmloviai 
"In .Xfrio'H Forost an<l .lunKlo" by It. H. Stooo : ami 
in Ellon " by Mm. Cnmby H. Wh«>ob.r an amx 
Ann>rioan Misaionary Horicty in tbo ralloyof iIn* Bb|» 



Moiiara. Marniillan ar<- • ' '■ 
e<litiun of tho PiM't I.aii 
EnslaiMl." It will contain imncimi 
"To Amia," which appaauvd in 
Dcounlar i'Jnl. 



' 'rtl; a n*w an 
_ rolame of 
othar wUhi' 
tiM DMtf. 



" Tho Honaohnhl of tho I^favi-llix " bv MN. n 
whifh has lH>on hitliorto olit 
shortly Im publishiMl by Mi--- 

|>opiilar form, slijthtly n'viwsl. It will Im> iMSHtiihi 
tniKHinidy in Ainorioa bv M<*«>r<i. Marroillan. " II 
now dminatic |M)oin by Sir. David (irahan, «(h> ha 
Hiinibir volniwx on " Janifii I." ami " Kiuio." will | 
publi<<hc«l by Mvaara, ConatnUlt' aboat the oml of ihi« i 



Tho Roy. H T' n. R.J.. haa writtiMi an. 

Saor«>«l Yoar of which praolirally aiWNn 

of t'i<< Paiml t ..III'. 11 i<i In bo oialioraloly ooki 
piililisho<l in tho «priim by itomr». SaiMfat. .\nnih<- 
illnstrato«I w%>rk "i.i. i. tho saroo *•■■" '■»- '•" i. .i-i . 
(IimIiIi"*' " Honi iiirjfh." ' 

staff of th*'.*'' > Lull.- '- 

tin* snbjo<-t. ami i* tho an- a ««aow 

nalnn>, ontitlp^l " Tdo Fr . " >%alor 



\ Life of Sir Walter Hralt hM 



written hi 



5C 



LITERATIRE. 



[Jammrj 



Mr. B. T. Hawfcrd U pnMMinit lin fotijunotiou with 
Mmmtb. N<nnK«) • rmNprKlinnivp niiric on " Thi< Art nml Cnttt 
tt Oaf«lt« Makinic." !>)• TtHMnn- H. M»«>«»ii. (innk-ii An>hit<H'(. 
|t«rill Iw • qmHo xnlnMP, nml «ill Ih' |>niru>«<ly illiKlratiNl. 

" Mr. IV«i>lny in iIm- Ht-tirti. i<l HI- «'<»nnir\Tn«>n " will nrnko 
ita apiavraitr^' n<-\i wifk. Whil<> wrilint; hi> limik Mr. K. I*. 
Dmiw* wii« "ti a vioil In thi« fountry, aiMl hi^ iHiok im-lmlcH th«< 
dci<<<-tir« twi tin- I>n-y(u» <•«>«• which niiiM-nnNl in tin- MVW- 
'<j«ai«t<. illn««ml<^l hy Mr. K. l'«rruMH-r<> (ioiilil. Mr. 
•kvlirMtf^ hi« n««« UK* " l« Sir <Jr«»r»p' N«'»ii«"». B«rt.. 
MfTii <M«>ri:i* Koiiilol}^- mihI S<mi«, Limilol, nml oth<*r 
IwjtilKh«T» »1»«. tmin\i«<il. itmiratml Mr. IVmk-y tun iwrt of iIm' 
-ibHp." 

K<ilii>n Barr hao altorral the title of hK fortlK-omiiii; 
VvImm' •ni liio fvi'iitful vixlt to tlM> fartln-r tnXet' of the Mi-<lil<-r- 
fnim •• X\u' Kmit Whilo Yi«i Wnit '■ to " Tlw rn<-!i.-«iit;iii;; 
Mr. Barr ha* jn»l -jiiliNl for .Kincrira, l»nt i-om|>li-t<<>l tin- 
MrtnbMt of hi» |in>»fN In-fon- Iruvinc. Tlif book will Im> out in 
Marrh or .Xpril. 

Mr. Klliot >'tocl( ia (iraparin); f<.r wirly publication a book by 
Mr. Baniaiuin TayUir. oi Ulaacow, which, uiirivr thv title uf 
" Storyolt^.*' ilaaU with variuua |>lla^os ••( iolk-loro, aea-Ion-, 
piant-lora. 

Mra.Coulaoii Kcmahan ia finiahing her new nor«l. which Mr. 
Jolui I«>nt: lio|iM to han> reatiy aliuiit March. The atory i« 
«ntitlp<l |ir..*-i»ioi»ally " Evil WrouKht by W«nt of Thought." 

Ju»l U-fon- Parliantont moofo Mi-virH. Vn<'licr, of Wi-sl- 
wiliali r will |Mil>li>li tin- M><-on<l is<>nc of " TIm- Polilii-iiin'> Huncl- 
Book," liy Mr. H. \Vlutl«'«. A iliKi-<>t of the 4li|>lonuilic i-<irrt- 
n-lalinic to South Afrim anil of tin- I'ciicc C'oiifcrpu«i' 
mux Mill Im- anHiiiit the now fi-ntunv.. 

|ilay<>r« will Im- intoni<t<'<l to know tliat Pr<if<~<Mir 

. lomj-pnnni««il «Hlil ion of "The (•nnH-> of <ir<"<-o " 

will be faBMml by M(>M>n>. (;corK<> ii<Hitli>ilp- nml Sons oarly in 

Mr. J. A. I^NMi, tlH- well-known cIicm l>il>lio|>hilc, 

lliutOK a iMbliuKraphy of Un>co. 

** TIm' •City of the Soul," a volunn- of pocins wiii<-h wax WfW 

reeeit'ml by th«* critics last \T«r, in about to r>ii|)|M-iir in it MfomI 

CdUtion. Tb" fintt imuiu waa publi»lK<<l anonynioUNly ; but tlio 

roditimi will limr tho iMneof Alfr(>il Douglas on tbo titlo- 



Mr. Ifalwwnt H(H>nra>r (" Xatiianiol <;ubbin<> ' of the SporUtit 
IVaMH. aathor of " Caki-n ami Ah> " nml " The KKiwiiiK Bowl," 
Iwa writlon wlutt hi- calls " a tn-atiac on lite Ttirf." The tith' of 
llM hoik ia t« ha' " The <<r<«t (ianie ami How it is Playnl," nml 
tiw tmric itaelf will inclmle sii|<>li);hlH nn the Turf. nniH-dotex of 
■M* and horvrw of all aorts. ami a Mmly of the comlilions under 
Mei«g is csrriwt on. Mr. (fraut KicluinU ia tu lie the 



T»<< fully illu«tral<^l articlca on the w^iiH 
Sarjo^'iii. I<..\., will atipt«r in the Kelirnitry nu 
of " The .Sitiilio." They Kr\' IIh> tirsi ilini I 
with tin- Hanction of Mr. SMr>:eiii .in.l iii.> illn^i 
aptH'tally a«<lecl«<«l by the |Mii< 

Kilt c.\Tios»L.- Mr. W. .1. V iMvl|ious4>, 
writlii); a »hi>rt hialory of (Jre*-*-*" which he 
ibiriitK lite pn-siMil year at Ihc I'niversliy Tnio 
('live; umh-r the "tith< of " The Tiitor'inl Hi: 
\ |a»Hlon of the loiij; |«rotni'«eil tntorini his|< 
Mr. C. S. K<*rensi<b>. .M..\. <>\on.. will Iw piil 
m-vt few w«>««ks. This |Mirtion extcmls to I If 
intembsl to nwei the ■-••<|niis-meiilM of th«' I 
Matriculation. It will h<> »' \ |iro\ iile 

plnns, nml will lie cnlill<><l " ' iiion Hisi 

flie iietHls ol inalricnIantH aii<( iiniiim-diiile siii 
of (JoimI Hop>* rniv«'r<«ity art- la-iii;; proviibil 1 
tln' I'niversily Ttiloriiil l'n"«s of tiic pwM-rilxs 
(Metamorphosis I.!m-« 1-lfilM. nml l"«>erBt«'s (11 
cnse of Isoenilcs, I'e Hi^is, thi> I" .T.I*, tilit in 
piiblishetl with Kn^lish m>lc4. A IhinI ed 
" tM'iU'nil KlenKMilary Seiem-e " will l»e publisi 

FbaxiTS.— M. OInmnii Lrfvy haa iinik<r pn 
put lirnlionnn illustml<'«l volume of " Noii-s siir 
rt. K)imKeor;revileh. His other nnnomiceineiils 
for the most part itovels. Thus >«• nre to hn' 
Mme. Bi-nir.oii. M. Mas O'Rcll. M. Sud.niiani 
Kou\, M. Ijtvj-tlHii. M. .K. Filon.uml from the i 
.Vmoiireiisc." But in the li«t of ('"rr<i;/r,« niiiin ji 
items are of c-h - int<Te«<t. The aeeoml > 

h'tlelsitoMmi' - iKS'irly D'nily.ns well n> 

in the *' Soiivciiii- nl Rnroii ile Biimiite nn< 
Works ■' of M. Pierre l^i. C'ouile irHnnssonv 
this hoiiai* a new look of WH-inl sliulies, '•Snia 
Keniiiiiys": ami M. Lncitn Percy haa prcpniod 
"Souvenirs ilu XVII I. SiiM-le." .V " Tlienl 
Meillinc nml Hnlevy, ami of Meilliiic nlnne, cinn 

M. Mnnrice Bnrrcs hits flnnlly ilccidtsi t 
arqnel of his " Wracini's." This ne>v work, f' 
voltime of the "Roman tie I'Kner^ii; NnlionnI 
BoulaTipist Ori«i« of ten years ajro. The *' Kevii 
liegnii its publicntinn in thi- iinnilH>r fm- Deceud 

MM. PloM nre to pulilish in Feliru.try n new 
by M. Ptud Bour;:ef . to Iw eiititlrd '• Ornmcs il 
aeeond Volume of M. Boiir;;ct's " t'omplcle \Vi 
on .Innunry 16Ui and contain his " Ktudes r 
'* Knulinh .N'otea." This new edition will foni 
which will l>e sold sc|>nnitoly. 



LIST OF NEW BOOKS AND REPRINTS. 



lOfaat Maaters In 
aa4 Sowlplara.* Br 

Lowdun. Mm. Hell. h. 

ctJiasicAU 

••••et PracntvnM of tb* 
Orm»k. Comlo Poata. By A. 
W. firiardt aai6rM<0r. 71  Mn., 



ta<|hl..«|>p. If*.. 

boOKIIUOi.. .n. n. 

DRAMA. 

Aoivlta. v l.^rlnal Wi ai i a. Br 

^. Jla^mmrit. •|>«tlfi.. >l ppi. 

fcaaiil. MML Ar1i>«. Aixlreir*. U. 

BOUOATfONAI. 

B#B0Atlosakl MaAmn, Hy Fnbinn 
Wmrt. Tt'Mn.. ISMk. l^iadan. 



First Steps In Eaiah-Know- 
Ivdira. (All liiiDKliKilon to 
(ii-MUTnl ><-irnro.l Hy J. A, 
/Inrri^'in. 7*  .'till.. 'iVI pp. I**in- 
• loii, liaai. Hlixklc. 2>. IM. 

At^lttlaHlKlopv ori^anoashii** 
ii»iir«i» 
Hipp. -\. 

My Fir-. > 'k. 

lAfiMliTii l^i,^nr*ii< My 

Mari/ftrrift .ilmrl. 'P. 

l>4irHlfMI. ]!«■>. Kf'tfiiii I _ ' II. 

FICTION. 

Paraon K(>lty. Ily.l. K. If'.MnMm 

"U- *i  Mix.. ilTpp. 

IxitifrTiiaiiM. IK 

1 in Nowhar*. My 

/< ill pp. 

-. *.. M. 
Th« Whit* Dova. Ii> It'. J. 

I^irk'. Tl '6|ill., 3UI pp. Ixiiidoli. 
Iiajii. I.nnc. fl". 

LITERARY. 
Tha An of Johnson. I7M.I71W. 



Ufa and Happlnaaa. Ii.v -i. 

Mnrrol. tl • .^llii., Wi pp. I,<>ii"l<iii. 

tWn. Ki-Knli I'lOil. 2». liil. II. 

Ttnia Stoi^ea of South Afplca. 

H\ .1 Sittitirr. 7 x.'iili., 711 pp. I.IIII- 
iliiii, llkiu. lliirli'iKli. Ihl. 

Coal and Coal-MlnlnK. Hyllio 
liilcSir H: If. Nmulli. I-.U.I*. 8Ih 
Kil. Ucv. 7 l(<n.. Slli pp. I/omlon. 
UMi. Cro-hy I.o<kwood. 3». M. 

POETRV. 
Tha LAat Hours of a Lion 
Haaru Itv //. r. J. /.iniilmm. 
HI  .'iiii.. net pp. l/iii<lun. )!•». 

.M<-lvilli'. 

Th* AbMnt-Mlndad Mula. nml 

(ilhcr m'i-rt«lonrtl Vcraa*. Jly 7'. 
H". H. (Yn-Uiml. 7tx4«ln., .11 pp. 
IxtiHliiii. iWlli. I nirom ITW". M. ii. 
REPRINTS. 
Mlaslonaey Travels and 
Hen — ,....i,..~ 1., •.«.,! I. Afi'ioa 
H' lie 

Ml ■•» 



Loohs and L 

liainihh -N',,, 
IMII). S<.. 
nmrr. I 

T 
The Call 
1900. 

ll«iii. 
I An Ethloal 

111 ir. / -' 

l.fiiidfiti. 
Pulpit I' 
Literal ' 

8|«.'iilii 

. Thoii 1 

f '. 
l/i. 
HymiiH loi 

BOPPOWfUl, 

Ifihl. I, (III 
IWi. 

Zten's Wop» 

.N'cu I.IkIiI ■•■' 



ji:^ 






SL 



^itci".ituic 

Edlt«d by $. |l. Sraill. Publlsh«d bjr tlU 7lmr< 

N.-. lis. SATURDAY. » A NMAKY 3>. IttJi. •• w„n,|i.rful i-.-ntury " of aeieoce u Uut clnviP;. 

~"~ »n<l th«' fifw |ioetry which b to cdetviU ii 

C O N T K N T S. j mihI to <liMX)v«n' fwwh \tiMic mntfrinl in »h«« K<>nlf 

 - or tlii< •'\<'r-iiiiilti|>lyinK wondvn of !■«» 

Leading Article TIh- Futm-,. of l».M.iry ' il' niiMie iu Hi.|--Mmiut.. On the r... iilh 

Personal Views- Hiih Hi-owiiiiiK n "VofriHt"}' By mnttrinliiit wlio Menml to iTf{anl tlie |MMi as n 

A.linn \V.,M«h .. _ IIII yl„rifi.H| VHriKv of tltf •* .Iw. , " '..r.- vitl 

Poem "Till l^iuf Awiiko, l>v (iiiy WKiiioii» I'-nrryl "'•",.,,.',, 

A South African Bibliography Vt •» I'l- Imml iiut.iwl of n noi.l - , nti uil 

Mr. Pepys on "A MIdHummer Night's Dream" "I for every new M'ientific diM-overy, luw even lewwr 

Reviews , V. ... ... . V I t V. ..i. '*»«" *'* ''»<! to "1*^ with. There ha>, in bet, been 

Till' DictliiMHi'v of NKtionHJ Kloin'niihy, Vol. LXI il» , ,,« . ... , .... , 

liiri'iit \'i-i's<-' " lali in mat«<rinh->m, and myHtu-iNm it goin;; n|> I 

i4> iiir AiiHTi.an itiimiiii.- 11 !'.wm« *"'• nounan a* me c-eniury ex|arei«, 

V.ilcT- 111 111. ,u,,i ,i„l 11. ,■ I . I _„irt> Mtd /» 1 I 1 • 1 1 _r »!. . -»i . 

Wikhi sai.ii.. KuKtiito v»r..<- Kmihsr ! ( >nly la»t yt-Ar, indi*ed, ons Of Um BMit (ttatiii 

Dii.iiiiMi Hill uf H<H>(l|jih M«»thi"r— r ' » • » i « . . , . 

►Miiii.iiruii Iu. „ au,01 of our younger jioetit jiointiil, or was nndaMtood t« 

AiiKlo-Kiyn.h K.mlniw .■ikon. IH7.v1M» M the way to a new fiel<l for poetry in Ui« refrion ba 

HiMiit mill Lifr 111 VV.'Mtoi-n AiniTicii ftj - , ....... r ., , 

i'onnned to, and divtditi. not quite aiiucablj, I 

other N.W BOOK. .^,^ ^,^^^,^^ ^,^^ Mwlium and .Me«.r». .Hadwiy 

>''.y^ Cuok. .Mr. Stephen rhillip« liaii bid<ifn tu not* t 

;■ , miuni; -.11.1 iMivint rvuv ,^,r^, / •'■:"^'"' " fffnenil pifturt- of a w< >i ' " ' " " i« ci 

MitiitiHl uf < 'wii'liiiiK I 111- i.liirar)' uf KiiKlNh ^ ' ^ 

WlillHk.-r- Vlinami. k S. Ii mr i>m<1 l-iillli Orlidiii. UliUrpinu the IIIO(h<rn ilii - M 

aiiilNMi.- .\ ltoiiir»liiMinaKrili (ti, tEJ. (H. ft> , . , ,. .... ... 

tliat in dealing witli thi« tranit-tiepuk-linu wnrM t 

(.|i„ yj may tlerive imirh atwixtaiK-e from " c-ommnnicatioi 

Pierre NozW<re 72 through traiiee or ))V the governeal hand.* A 

° P.'Kn ,".'!;.:'"'"'^^'""^^^^^^^^^^^ *'V2. T.t *'• *'"^'*' ^^'- ^^- "• '^■•**" IT«P»'«'y«nR tliat romao 

Notes i'Vl, fW, 6H, (II, 70 — meaning, ax the whole eontext •eeiiia to show, th 

Authors and Publishers. 7:1. 74. 75, 7« fonn of it— will pra«ti«nllv rwwive itaelf into an 

List of New Books and Reprints 7« f^j^^ ^^^^ l.,,,,^ ^^^^^ aj.pean., in .Mr. Vc^' opi 

i beiti* onlychanreof 8iir\ival at all. At any rate, he < 

THE FUTURE OF POETRY. of it« future ao long a.s it abide* in the world of art 

•"■ because the world of actuality i« given over to tbf 

If we could imagine the lyric ^luse to be a regular I citizen." and bin influence or the influence of his sa 

render of the Knglinh ]i«'ri(><lic(ils, we should have to picture . ings upon art iH fatal. "The movement of thoai 

that august Indy to ourselves as in a state of nomewhat i are told, " which has matle the good ciUaaOf or h 

jminful perplexity with reganl to the future of the art over ' made by him, ban i»urrounde<l us with comfort an< 

which .•<lie presides. .So many nowadays are tiie insenious ' and with vulgarity and insincerity, fliunheii whi 

writers indulging in confident sjieculation.x as to the pro- i substituted a system of monUs for spiritual anioar ; ] 

s])ective inis.Mon of poetry, and so hojH'lessly irreconcilable , which have siilvstituted conventionally piftty fM«s 

lire the viirious conclusions at which they arrive. The distpiieting revelations of sincerit; ; jioeta who I 

anxious Muse might, of course, derive some reassurance the praiseH of thntie things gooil citixens Uiink 

from the fact that one of the most dispiriting of the worthy above a dangerous delight in beauty 

many predictions of her destiny has, though already a sake of l>eauty. an* a ]«irt of its enef|gr and id 

generation old, shown uji to the jiresent no signs of fulfil- ness." Ths " good citiaen.*," I»e compl.i 

ment. If jxietry is still regnrde<l by some unduly didactic taken pos.«ession of the world and '• fillet! it (»n 

minds as a "criticism of life," even those who airept this com]tact little thoughts," so ttiat romance luu ♦' 

cheerless definition of it can hardly .illege that it .seems more an<l more remote fairy land*," whither we ai 

any nearer than it did in Air. Matthew .Arnold's day to pursue it. And, lie<-au.«e " the greater uomber of 

becoming a "substitute for religion." Hut, on the other are too biisv with the work of tiie vorM to for] 



58 



LllEHAlLliE. 



Jaituii 



it k icallj not mach more tntUfiu-tory. It i* dixliparten- 
iag for the ^ good ritixen,'* who niter all is one of (todV 
crMturtw and a fi'llow-hiiinan with Mr. Vealx, to be told in 
cAet th*t hi« only clmnre ofn;^!!! ex|M*ri«'n<-ing tlie true 
poetie emotion i« to lie out o' nights on aii lri.4i iiill-side 
bj moonlight in (<nm|NUiy with nn enthusinxtic {met of the 
**ObIUo Hena^renoe." That, to h«' sure, would l>e nn 
eifcetaal rehonciation of " comfort and safety,** af> well as 
an im|imMive |iroteiit againxt " vulgarity aiid iuNincerity"; 
hat i* there no other ho|ie for tlie unfortunate man? 
I« it mUly true that the )ioetry of the future i!< bound 
ill hi<l a i-outfm)>tuous adieu to common, everyday life, to 
"forget the light of the Min ** and take u)) its abode 
ex<-lu.oively in the dim world of le^md and rune? If so, 
vltat lian become of the other kinds of pot^try between 
which and the romantic variety a memorahle attempt was 
made to effect an alliance in 1798? If the youn^ men 
of the new " movement ** would do Coleridge the honour 
of reading the account given by him in the Hi<xfraiihia 
JAteraria of the <jcne»ti8 of the '• lA'rical Hallnds," they 
would see that while their return to the xupt-matural has 
been anticipoted by a little over a hundre<l years, the )»oet 
wito ailvocate<l it fully recognized that the sujiernntural 
waa bat one province of the empire of poetry and not its 
aole domain. It is true that when Coleridge and Words- 
worth liad dividMl the kingdom lietween them, and had 
each entered into jjosseission of his share, it was the 
former who was at the time a great deal the more snc- 
ce»i*ful of the two in tleveloping his jwssession. The 
•• Ancient Mariner," of course, was an infinitely finer 
jierformance in its own manner than were any of 
Wordsworth's c-ontribntions to the •' naturalistic " half of 
tliat fiunous volume. Knt that was mainly because — as 
Wordsworth's collaborator affe<'tionate1y but unsparingly 
explained to him many years afterwards — he had adopted 
and endeavoured to reduce to practice a hopelessly 
perverae theory of poetic expression. 

No one, however, suggested in those ilay.s that tiie 
attempt to discover ]>oetry in the daylight world, and 
among those' rights and sounds of broa<l-awake life which 
constitute the sum total of the visible and audible for 
four-fiilhs of mankind, must be abandoned altogether, and 
that the CAleridgian lialf of the common enteq>rise must 
in future be alone pursued. Wonlsworth, indeed, wherever 
and whenever he shook himself free of his aforesaid 
]ier\'en>e theory, produced splendid and immortal jiroof of 
the posribilities inherent in his own share of the under^ 
taking. And that share, we must assure our young 
dreamen of dreams, is still, and as long as the world 
•taads will remain, a " going concern." We will even go 
10 far as to my tliat it is the more important jiart of the 
bariaeM, and the one which of the two the human race 

t.< i„ n at I »^ j_ :ii l fi'i._ i. »i. :_ »i..i ii 



engage the elenu'nts of spiritual beauty 
in the world of reality and to purge i 
among its denizens who luive hitherto 
Hut the jicM't who wouKl contribute to 
this fun<-tion must l)egin by al^andoning 
disdainful and somewhat |tn>sumptuous 
Mr. ^'ents adopts towards his "good cit 
this same good citizen who.se conce])tion( 
sense it is the highest triumph of the ]>o 
and «'nnoble ; and this is to K* done not 
altogether for a world of unearthly visioi 
has no mind to enter, bat by remaiiri 
unfolding to him the magic and my 
thin;'s. 



Tlie (lentil of another war co 
I'erniiiil, of the Mortiiiitj Post — draws gi 
tlie dangers of that dangerous profession, 
which can hardly fail to become inofe an( 
as time goes on. In the earlier wars f 
eyes of tlie Press, it was a comparatively 
tlie rejwrter to see nil tliat there was U 
getting unduly in the way of bullets, ni 
savage foes, his character of non-coml>at4i 
In these days of long-range wea]X)ns 
obliged to insinuate himself into the tin 
form any luleijuate idea of what is goin 
his risks inciease<l, just as are those of 
stretcher bearers, chaplains, and even 
chief. One notes with satisfaction, h 
jxipularity of the calling seems to inci 
with the risks. Tliere certainly has ne 
which there has Ijeen keener comjietitioi 
war corrps)x)ndent among men who ar 
spondents by profession. With Ixiril 
Winston Churchill, Mr. K. K. Knight, .Mr 
and Mr. .lulian Hal])h all at the front, « 
tare may both be said to be well represei 

There are two objections to the i 
Ktlinlntrifh Rfvleir, that " on the whole 
right is in a sound staU'." In the 
calculate<l to discourage reformers, an^ 
jilace it is inaccurate. The existing la^ 
England, as well as in most other cou 
from satisfactory. It may give worl 
interest all the protection they are ev« 
but it does not give the protection re<i 
works which win their way slowly inl 
Such works as the Waverley Novels, the ' 
of the Koman Empire," and Carlyle's 
tion " ought still to be valuable j)roper 
of the authors' assignees. As it is, th 
the jiroperty of the <ommunity at larj; 
pro|)erty of those few memlx*rs of the p 
to bi! publishers. J'da' the h'dinbnii 
'• sound " state of things. It is a state ol 



January 20, l')0(). 



LITER ATIKH 



]>i'inei|)al clinrncter^ nre I'rofeititor Hiil>«H-k, n iniilill(^at;isi 
Hciilpfor, nnd a (jirl imiiied Iicnp. who hm***! to «it ' 
(iM II iiioilfl. Irt'iu' liiiN Hecn-tly Ih'i-h in love with I; 
but hv rf;;iirilf(l her merely nt n worniin who hi'l|M<<i him 
in hiH art. lit- hnx mnrriol for no luirtiiulnr rt'iiMoii a 
fouliHh iwrNon vn\M Mniii, nnd thf* piny fthowH them 
stnyiuj; nt n Norweuinn wntfrin^-|»!a«f in nn liotti, whi-re 
IriMie mwn turns up. HiTf »h»* f\|ihiinK to ltul)«>«-k thnt 
lie s|K>ilt licr life, and a* Main in veiy much taken U|i 
with a Ix'ur-hunter, who \* also stuyinj; nt the hotel and 
iimkin^ violent love to her, Kulteck lindx fault with Kate. 
He renlixeH that he nm-ded a companion like Irene, and 
that man cannot live by nrt aloue. In the third act all 
the four ^o up n mnuntain ; tht« profer.>or and Irene are 
HWept away by an avalanche ; nnd .Maia is* left t») the 
bear-.xluyer, of whom »he in u:etlin<; a little tired. Wlml 
it nil means in a " blessed mystery." Tos^ililv tin- l-'.ii'lish 
translation may nuike it more tlejir. 

Yeie» and demonMtrations or;;nnized by the /m^ttB 

plihrrR are to figure umi>n;» the literary festivities of 
Kiiince in the yeiu- of the Kx|ioi>ition. They will aflord 
interesting evidence of the .sHcresg of the Provencal is)ets 
in reviving the Langue d'< >f as a literary medium. It was 
a literary languiige as early a.-i the tenth century, and it 
lliiurislied as a literary language in the times of the 
Troubailours; but alter the end of the iliddle Ages we 
tind scarcely any literary memorials of it except di-eds. 
tliplomas, and other legal dovinuent.s. In the present 
century, however, it has sprung into renewc<I litemry life 
in the works of such iM>ets as .liismiu, .\ubnnel, Koumanille, 
and the better-known Mistrnl, who have conii«ised ninny 
songs in the dialect, which, wiien they l>egan to handle it, 
was merely a i>n(:,i>t. A " Livre d'Or" which the Felibrige 
de I'aris projioseM to imblish this year will include Pru- 
venval jRieins from the {wns of miuiy writers who made 
their reputation in the I^ngue d'( HI— among them Paul 
Arcne and .Mjilionse Daudet. The book i» being etlit»il 
by M. Kaoul (iineste. 



IRcviews. 



THE DICTIONARY OF NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY. 

Dictionary of National Biography. V.>1. I,Xt. 
Wliicliroi-d Williams. Kdittnl bv Sidney Lee. l»A • tl'jin.. 
J7it pp. l.<iii(liiii, HKio. Smitn, Blder. 16/- n. 

Although the present volume of this monuroenttd 
work contains no names of the highi'ct eminence, save 
those of two Knglish .Monarohs, it yet includes many 
tiiogniphies of varied interest, .\mongst these may be 
cited Winston, the controversialist; White, of .*<elb<)rne ; 
the two WiIl>erforc-es — the phiI»nthro]nst nnd the Kishop 
-Whitehead, the Poet I.AUrente; (ieorge Whitelield, 
Mulstrmle Whitelocke, the Keeper of the <Jrent ."^nl ; 
Archbishop Wliitgift, 8ir Kichard Whittington. .lohu 
Wilkes, William the Lyon. Willinm III., Henry Kirke 
White, nnd Roger Williams. 



ment in Kngland nn dotiht nuuiilMtMl qoaliUM of 

hnpoMJbl* alM 
ttiiMM of fpirM 
Kketeli of \S diinm II.. m>Hi«ntlr vritUn b 
Kat^ Norgate, in neet^Mirily hiuwd iar|;rly apnn K 
< >ne of the moot elalMtmte, a« well «• an- of tb» 
nuiii ' oinme, h»«ever, i* ProfrwaOf 

bio. I III. Though not npUll to t 

William \u inteii-ity and iodMdlwIity of eh 
Willinm III. |ioiiii<-<iie<l un<|aMUotMMy tb^ *\m 
grentnewH. lie not only mivmI Knglantl m tl 
Protentant Pi>wer. but he nun- -''■•"• rfmistad tW 
the French monurehr to n >l {irtipoadw 

Kurope. \ mill' '-r ot a lii;;!i onlrr. Ii«» wi 

wise a skilleil or;. iiid a Wonderful builder 

Mustnini-r of mix«*d confederation*. 

The memoir of thnt clever, eccfntric, ami m\ 
mathematical divine, William Whiitton, i« by ^li 
Stephen, nnd kIiowm Ir 'i infonnstioQ can bi> 

into n little room. 1 >i araoogat \hm tbai 

H'wives nmple juntiw, u '• both hia large 

Icctunl i|ualities and bin • itiii*. lie VM I 

honest, and ximple minded, and he iji believnl I 
lHH>n in (ioldsmith'n mind when he drew the 
jiortrait of Dr. Primrose in liif* inimitable ** V 
Wakefield." Mr. Willinm Cnrr is the writer 
memoir of thnt <listinguish«'<l Whig |iolit»<-t«n. 
Wliitbrend. .\n inceswint ii|ienker in t 
Conimons. townnls the close of his life \\ ... . 
took upon himself the ta»k of putting down tlie 
which preventetl l>rury Ijine Theatn* fmm wet - • 
national jKJsition it f)ught to have secured. Tl 
strain of his Parlinmentnry Inliours, unhini;e<i 
and he die<l by his own hnntl. Hut Komilly'- 
Wliitbrend must not be forgotten. He wait •• the pi 
of every lil>eral scheme for improving the cundi 
mankind, the /.ealous advocate of the o|>|>reMied,  
undnunttHi oj>pos«>r of every upeciesi of rorraption i 
adniinistrntion." Profe.s,sor Alfntl N'pwtmj'" wh* 
(iillxMt White is very entertaim ' 

curious that no jiortmit exist* of i 
celebrated Knglish clas>ic in the domain of natural I 
Mr. (irant Allen lins already well anaU-ye<l the c| 
which give it>» pei'ular litnndini; to White's " S«»lbor 
Knglish literature. The' >rk a|i|w 

to a mnster mind like Dai <w< «iw 

lover of natural objects. Its ncvuracy. ami  
was the first work of its kind, may have »< ;.. 
with itt unique iK>sition. 

Mr. I/j-eV ("ketch of Henry Kirke White m 
Stephen's article on Klam o White are well worth n 
nnd the Hev. .Mexnnder (Jonlon's  uf 

Whitelield is one of f lie niore notable •  lOOS 

volume. Thitt gn-nt orator wns unrivallevl a.« a pr 
but his printed discourses do not n-ve«l much inte 
|Miwer or itrofundity of thought. His ioHoence w 
to 1   ' ^- ' ' ..„ „ 

nge \rcl 

Whitgil'l is \aiuHi>li-, and s\iii|«tllicti(7illv writteo. 
i>i»ii IiLh Stnu- I'nniilen. Wotion. miii Kiitler eni 



r.o 



MTIlKATl'in:. 



i.Tmi 



nar 



tiuU ii \ u.iml ill <    1,, iimt of 

tJi» Kii' ,lil liiiv< .i.f il ^H 

in» tti« tn<-i tliat \N ilkw vieldod a vMt inHuenoe 

hi« uouDtrynifU. 

W« monol do more lluui mratiou • number of other 
ittUwitiut; iiieinoiro. including ItenJMiiin Wliiclii'oU*. by 
Mr. J. IWi* Miilliiiger: ( >iitrl<>ii Wliitfheail. hv Mr. 
>lackMi<ii« IU*II : l;ul^tr<Ki<> \Miitri<H-ke, by iMr. ('. H. 
Mith : ** l>k-k " \Vhiuini>t<»n. by .Mr. Juiim Tail; Charles. 
Kiu-I Wliitwortb, by .Mr. TliomaM SetH-ombe ; Saint Wilfriil, 
by Mr. Hunt; Sir I)avid Willcie. by .Mr. Auxtin iMhKoii ; 
Tale Wilkinson, by Mr. .loii<>|ili Knight ; William IV., by 
Profewor Iiiu;:liton ; Ihtvid Williams, founder of the 
Kojrsl Literary Fund, by the Kcv. A. (iordon. 

.V ouriooB error occum at the o|>ening of Mr. I^ast: 
.Muilinf^rer's article on William Whitaker, .Maj*ter of 8t. 
John** Colle^, Cambridf^. He s|ie«ks of him am a lead- 
ing divine in the rniversity " in the latter half of the 
■•VTOte«nth century." A* Whitakor diwi in l.)9.'), it should 
remlf of i-ourse, of the Htj-tifnlli century : and. iu< all the 
work of lit* life was practically done during; his last twenty 
ynuv, it would be still more correct to 8|»eak of him as a 
leadiD}; divine in the Iniversity in the hint qniirUr of the 
sixteenth I'entury. Three biojrraphi«>s are omitted from 
this volume which we think might have found ii place 
there— namely, tht»e of .Matthew Wilks, Washington 
Wilks, and Mark Wilks, the eilueationist and Noncon- 
formist minister, and one who was long n jiromiQent 
memlwr of the London .S:hool lk)anl. 

It is satishctory to find tliatthe Dictionary maintains 
dom to its closing volumes the high literary standard 
which it baaexhibit**d from the outs)>t. 



RECENT VSBSE. 

« 



To raad < ' wiiKlcy'x ronnotA fnr tlir tirht time is to 

Iwsak flash n ,.:litfiil p-otuKl, hihI ttio»«- who hnvo alrosily 

natfo aCi|itaint«nro with former rnliiinvs will not )« in any wny <lis- 
ap|iotntal with tlio iirwty-imbliiiliiiil .S<inmcts i\ Su'it/kiilaki> 
A%» \lx\.\ (Dsiit, 4«. Oil. n.). Tlioy am so wiiial in iimrit. nntl so 
maiiy in ntimlM-r, tJint it in not rasy to siiiclo out any ono of then 
for quotation, tnit tlic following cvrtaiiily hnti loiiio rlaini : — 
Al«ve tJi<-  rlM-rry-tn-es utv KTowiiij;, 

The • wcr tlic ciM-rrien iiuikn cOol nhiule, 

Anl I u|>-uiiiiiU-riii;; foiinil a littlo iiiaiil 
Wlioaa hair was bmwn. wIiom 9yv» liko j)>t were flowing. 
Hb* lookail me throuch, as of my heart's wish knowing, 
llisn in h«r nntlest Latin tone she said : 
" These are the flowers whorofrom our wreaths we Iraid 
Wien to the church in Msy-tiuu- wv arc jioins." 

1 looknl. and lo I ti'ii tiioumiHt tliouMnd ktari. 
With oyi-i like pbt'OJmiit'K. ;;litt4'riil in tlu> p'ass, 
An<l *\uTi- thr <TirkH< ina<lp Uioir ;{«ye»t chcor 
Kh<> pitickol and unt: ami nluckcol, and I. slaa ! 
KiM-w not the wonU. Init utill thc«o litjuid liars 
< H »<>n({ in *oH nari-iMiis-timn I hi<ar. 

WTlst. acain. could U> nore d<-li;,'htfid for colour and rhimo 
than thio M«t«t (rntn tho »ionnet on " I>aylii;htrin Ia^jo Ma;;i;iorc" 

Mext. while thf rhur< h-Udl nioann ai-msa the mom 
Frnm xiiiu- fi.r ...i.t.i.t III,.. ..1..I.I. rf'..i,i llitivcn, 
Aod loud 

<'ajit> iiiif l.iiul 



^Vorl-jiioturos such as tluxu' uro to 1»< n 
orory |iapi. and wo luuhf li>avo our rosdcrs 
ptoiuant i^uarob for thcuisolvo*. 

Wo luivo little hut iirainc fm- n sumll \ol 
ilUOKiiutlive ptviiis fnini 1hi< |M'n of Mr. I'luirlc? 
KuiWKK AM> l.KAr ((irniit Kii'hnnN, 'in.). (>ui-<< 
in tho mImiii way or In th** K'"''''')! |Hith. in 
will, u'i> tliiiik.flnil lliciiiHflv<>s undrr an i'ik-Iihi 
llicy will Im< ill no Iiiirry (o diH<>nlnn(;l<' Hn 
i<ndo\\<<«l with nil niry and ili'liKhiriil faiK-y, an 
a raciilly for s|ionl«niiiiiH lyrical <<X|tr<>k>ioii. 
jtiyoiiK |uiK»n world of which In* IcIIn ; tlic fall 
the woinU, tlic iiaimlH linuiit the Htniiiiix, anil i 
Mime ItfNiiitiriil piardian dryad, KlnociiiK do 
aniM |Mrt4><l leaves If you have cyi>M (o wx- 1 
iiii;ht to dance alMiiit the moonlit fleld<t. But 
flnds. |M>rhn|M. the fr<«est jday when in tlir 
wiMxllaiid deities, or other fanlnstic fairy fol 
away to "tinu n sonjf of his own iimkini; al 
Hi'i-e it< one written to an <dd Manx air v 
illiixliiilc II trii-k of rc|M>tition (lately niitcli o 
wliii'li 111- iifieri iiiakcM effective use : — 

Koses inyt her window--|HUie - 
(Uvendolen, my ilear I 

]{otteK, tap it once apiin 

(iwendoleii, (twemlolen I 

Your true love is wniliiiK her<>, 
tiweiidoloii, my dtwr ! 

Boses ninnd her w!ndow-i»ano 
Softly, MWi-i'tly ))«i'|i. 

Sailor Jidin, you wait in vain, 
Kile's aNleeii, she's asU><'|) ; 

Some lUio t'dls Iter every day 
All that you would say. 

Myrtles, tiip her wiiidow-pano— 
(iwcndoleii, my dear I 

Myrtles, tap it once !\ip\\\\ 

(iwcndoleii, (tweiiiloleil ! 

'Vour true love is waiting lien-. 
Owendolen, my dear ! 

Myrtl«»s round her w!ndow-|Kiiic 
Softly, sNVi-clIy |)eep. 

Sailor .lojin, you wait in vain. 
She's asli-f-p, she's iLsleep 

AVitli a jpild rin;f on her hand — 
Now yon understand. 

The |Kiein " To a silver liircli-tree at siiiirise ' 
l.ilrrttl II rr, and thow of our n'dders who r«>i 
think, ;;ladly r«>new their acqiiaintaiioe wil 
wrote it. 

Mr. AleiHter Crowley's Appkal to thk Al 
(Kegan Paul, Oil.) fairly repriMicnts his itio 
laudatory manner. ]lis stanuiK ninrcli rcsounil 
no lack of energy alMnil thctn.linl (Militiciilly III 
and isietically tlicy mean too little, j-'rauci-, 
n-tient and JiuKtia to sli'P nside, and all 
HUeiM-e, while Kli^land and America join li 
wralhfully down the nctft amid various pliciii 
lions of deli|;ht on the |Hirt of earth and sen an 
lliiily of windy iinaK<'ry K'*'"^ '" the wlioh 
liitivado which is eoiiKislelil ncilliei' wllli 
" np|H-iil " nor with the sidf-eimliiineil iilliliidc 
Hi the pifseilt flMHIiellt. There Is tiMi nine 
kiiwintr mill ri*r\ iil lifiiiilcliisiilnir miil ilt*lii'if'iiiH i 



.lamiiiry 20, 1900.] 



LITERATURE. 



We ciiiiio to ii:(irti orlirliiAl W(irk on takln(( u|i '' 
Jfiiyilii (ini'ii'ii I'oKMii (D«itn, tw.). Tliuro U uiiii-li 
anil roUKh in her voluinn, antl aho U far too fnntt of KJntiulBtion 
nnd thu UH© of KnlicliMMl |iorf nthcBCn, l»ul tlio |>o<«ni rnllxil " r><-«il 
liovo " Ih Rtronic ami rcntrulncHl both In fnolUiK ami Mpre*- 
alon, and after n-nilinir It wo «|uU« ox|x><it to ciH<«t with tbo f«»Bl 
t«lUloraawi ttint ll<<< ut tho hmrt of mi many of tx-r vi<n<w. 

Mnny kimlly thoiit'litu aro al«io to Im fonml Ji«>twi««»n Hw 
rovi<ii» of Mr. Kolnml llill'* Voi<i:a ijt Dar^MtAMn (Kxfpin Paul, 
:i-<. Oct.), but Ihrwo, It innxt Im ronfmttKHl, rini; rallior faintly, ami 
uonltl Im all tho bt<ttor for a littln of tho broioy vitality of tho 
H|iirit«Ml Inya in Mr. C. Fox Smith's Thr Forkmout Trail 
(Siini[>Hon, I,4)w, 'in. M. n.), which nhonlit rortainly Qml a plaro 
ii|H>n nny Nholf ilnvot««l to Nportiiii; ami |>atriotlc miuk. 

Mr. W. Ciitlitx-rtwin'n By Shork and Wool. (Thin, K«lln- 
bnrj;li, 3». M.) U-ndn off with lhri<«i protly roni|innioM |>iiMi» of 
«l<wri|>tlon pnro ami xiniplo, entitlfMl ronint'tivoly " I>nwn," 
" Xix>n," ami " Evo," at Im-bcolino. In each of tbrni tho lantl- 
Rcnpo, Itnthod in tho light of tho nionMmt, In NU|:K**^t*'<l ^il'i 
NyMi|>nthy that i-niim>t fail to kivo plranuro, ami iuilirnliit at Iho 
oiitsi't lh(< |N)sM>!iNiiiu t>f Olio, at h-jisl, of thu i|iiulilU-ntioiiit of a 
|NH>t. IihIiimI, this quality of olisorvaiit i>yiii|iiilhy jiorvailoM 
I'vcrylliiii); in llio IhmiIv. niiil, ■■oiiiliiiicil with it imliinil ^kill in 
llio hniiiUin;; of iiIii-iihon iitiil iiioa>iiir<'s, lins iimilo Mr. ('iitlilM'rlMUi 
\rry siiccoft.sriil in his ii-iiiU<riiiKx of llriiio nml one or Iwn iixMlorii 
Kn-iifh |MN'ls. Tho Honnot on " Tho Charwoinnn " in a llnr 
|HH<iii, and tliort" an' sonic »tirriiiir n'tro(»|><>«'livi' liiw-n in " Tho 
North Urid^o," which iit more vigoroiut than anythlnK oIm> iu tho 

YoluilK*. 

Joanio Mori.Hon is aln^ady known in tho North nn tho 
aiilhoroH.4 of m'voral works in prose and vorm'. Hit n-i-j-nlly 
IMililisliod iMHik of iHHMiis ooiitaln!i Sabbath So.NtiH A.M> SoxMrTN. 
ANi> By-» AY Uai.i,ai>,s (KlnckwiMxl, ;i!i. 6<l.). Sho has noYor ipiito 
liuiKlfii'd iiK-trlcal ditliiMillios.a dofcct which k<ioh far to s|M)il Iho 
liallads, ami xoiix-vvhat noiitralixon tho •■oiiiploto np|irorialioii of 
tiio oariioxt dovotiiMial spirit which will, in npilo of all such 
sliortcoiiiinKs, make tho SnbbnthSongN favouritoM with a nunioruuH 
clauH of roadors. 

To tho mnio chow Pr. UoldinK-Bircl up|ioaU with bin Iwok 
of FroiTivK Vkksks (Klliot Stwk, 6s.). Thi-w- nn- equally 
earnest, is|(ially conteniplativo, and of a higher calibre as 
re^iards rh.vthui. In Mi-s. Colin (!. fainplM-ll, however, we ini-el 
with nnollier writer of ii'Ii;;ions verso who woiilil do well to 
<-«>iiipos<> only in the stiiiplest (Hissilile inetii's. .\t any nilo, she 
slioiilil avoid alexandrines, and, above all. the blend of tw^olvo- 
syllaiih'tl n>i<l ci(tht-syllaliled linos, which sho Ims vonturoil n|M>n 
in oiip |)art of her nurrutivo |H>om of Fatiikr Damien (Mowbray, 
'2a.). None the loss is the theme itwMf worthy of all couaideration. 

Scotland contrilmles soiiielhiiiK to oiir shoof of vers*'. 
Milch care has Ix'cii c\|M'iid<sl on the |><|iiipiiieiit of Mr. Harold 
UalhlHinc's |mm'iii ii|miii Dinvkiia.n Castlk (t^iiarilch, £1 lls.tiil.). 
wliicli is lN>autifiilly prinletl, and illiislnitisl by soveral antoty|N' 
plates from originals by the author and Mr. )^H-kliart ik^Klo- 
There is also a tine repiiMliiclion of a portrait by Kaobnrn, 
iMxides a facsimile of a hitherl«> nnpiiblishiHl letter fn>in tlM> 
tiiiiid of Scott. The couplets in which Mr. BathlKUio celobratt<s 
ilic romantic traditions of this obb^l of inhabito<l Seotlisli 
i'listb's are very unequal, and, tu our niiud, the plate iUuittrativo 
of the linos 

On thy lirm rock, (trey, Kniint, thy fortr<'ss stands. 
And a far raii]^ o'er r<>ncliinfr bsdi comnmnds, 

shows moro po(>tie fooling than any of tho thirteen hundred 



r (Un'ai 
.fltcTMlMl la KMttialt » 
tliM*Mwui "lata 



IxKitry 

«aUM, • , , 

••StriKa" •III U< r»' ' wl 

rMDMBhamri that ih».i  -— • i. ^ - .*!•»■ 

Tolam* o.nUiiw an inUrs'<t>i>c akatoli «l Uftll hjr Uh> I 
Brown. 

Mr JamM l,«im«b>n(i<*miMl MiwkbbMliM), UMMffk 
to \mang l(o«tlua«Mi !«*• - 

HI I HiiMlatr, HaiMiiiglM). •- 

umI faoila «it (<h- atrinitinu lofathar ii r iia ia H bo<b > « 

l)«^'r««a of " )>r»idnMa." 



AN EN0LI8HW0MAM IH FRANCE 

Anglo-Franob R«mlnlao«aoM, 1875-1800. 
Batham-Bdwarda. u • flin.. viii. > Hi^p. ix>o<laa. 

Oaapman ft I 

MUa Bnlhani-Ktlwanla U eim of the nMMlaaafni ••! t 
who intor).rvt FraiK-o to Knslaial. Hh» haa M«l. ii 
intuitive jiowcr o( •neiiiK tuarythinfj at onn; ami iarf 
poaiuj; evirythiiv; Uiat nba •••ti* in a pidufv, fcimmu 
of our I rilliaiit yonn;; journalistii ; l>ut sbe baa avwi tlii 
cvrlniii di-gr*!*', iiimI >hi> know* a Koimi ilMal WfW* thaa a 
journulintii, nml Is intitlnl to a i««|iactfal hiaiiac 
many nubjcrtu ami nior» jiartictilarljr oo tlia *w»/ MM 
of Ani;lo-Krrncli relati-'nu. It ia aul to tod tkat 
(kliberato opinion of a «nt«r wIm a j i M pat l ii— mitk T 
livtMl much in Fran«-v, aiid Hm maay (riMMla ia Fiaoca, 
relatioiia have, for iiiorw tlian twenty yaara, hmu Kimdm 
from bad to worao. Ami »Im> ia ii|iMikina, ol eoaiaa, a« 
political rolationa which can he a<ljmt«l, but ol tl 
anti|iathics which are »\A, to grow into nice hatraab. 

Within ns-«iiit yi-ar* . Mi— l>Ulw»nU aarci BuUp* 

tiiuua overcome ca<>-> 

houiiu iimiit now he ' 

r  • '•  



'xl underatanHinK ' 



••■> ■* ••- 
two 



It ia, no doubt, optn t« quoation whotliar tkia eatnut 
as complete aa appeara u| on tha aurfaca. It cartainl; 
our own knowladge that there aiw conaideraliia rtfata 
aocicty includin); eran iiinny rra<lpr« of the aboaui 
Juuriiiil in which tha F.njjliah aa in<livi>l««la. if no4 ai 
are mnch I etter liknl than eitlwr Oanaana .« lUliaaa, 
find it i-onrcniont to pfwtaori to ba Sarlaa in oc»W •» 
At tli« aame time there are nnqa 
of patent facta to joatity Mi«a 
ami it wfHild be Intare*- 
of tlie cnmlitlmi of t 



ipiiet life in France, 
a snHicient nuinlier 
cenemi atatement 
conki fiml the canae 



I — ,i..„ 



ii-,i.i „ ... — 1.. 



ah." (leplorm. The exceaaea of the iialimialiX P< 
no donlH. a certain inHwenre ; Iwit. wi Ih 
theae ahould Iw recanletl aa a a]mi|4Ma ralhi 
canae of the diaeaae. N'ur are the had aianmra of lita 
ally comlnctwl "- manners which aioira Miaa Kiiwafdata 
ir.dignatian — an explanation that can raalljr cooat for 
more reaaonahle esplanatMMi man to be that, at a 
France ia a ln>aae diridol against itarlf. KncI 
violently taken a side in Fratich internal politic* 
tl-.e llreyfua caae, bnt in many c4h*c matu-ra. we li- 



C2 



LITERATURE. 



[Jaiiyar 



aInMtly wlvoeatoil hf nidi Vnueik publioiaU m 
MM. Y(«a Gqyoi aud <W Ijiii— — n. 

It woaM he mijnal to Mias Sthmrda to hftvo tho improMion 
UMtlMTwlMiblMMik iaiWrolritodiaeaMioaaof UiitchwmcUir. On 
tltmieli it funiiiJiM aliHlMrt aaterial for ■uch 
it ia III the niatii coa^KMad of duMy rMnUiMOMicea. 
Hw poinl of riw i» nc4 hu|«i-twl. Hho «tow» bcnelf of the 
loliRiioa of Volttire. k*v«* m* to uuclontAml that whatever ia 
Koad in tntnoo U eitiwr Voltairoau or I'rotcwtant. and hai niiu-h 
UmA ia aratkini; to aajr al>uiit the cont-viita and tlic (Viifomioiuil. 
IVwe. bow«v«r, who ara oat <>f Byntpath)* with her on th<«o iiointu 
• ill find |>ianty to pleaae them in her pathetic storiea of the 
Owunane, and the graphic reminiaoonoaa of Boinbonnel tho 
Krane-Tireur. Thi* intrepid loiariUa fighter had the diatinction 
of having a price put upon hi* head in the Fraoco-Prusaian war ; 
hat hia anamiea had more reepect for him than for moat uf the 
FVooeh gaaarala. aa waa clearly ahown after the amiiatioe was 
aign«d. The Proaaiaiu wore then in I>ijon. and UouilHinnol made 
up hia mind that ho would walk thr<iU{;li tho city, from end to 
ead, in broad daylifihl, and in full uniform. He did ao, and 
I'M thing hia ioil{(ings, found a young Pruaaian lieutenant in 



_I, thanfore, and in aouwwhat abrupt toniia, hogi^l tlio im- 
tng whippar-aaapper to take liiinKolf off, but he kept 
_ J and nagfn'ng. At laat I said to him, my patience 
olMuiited, " You aeo that it is impossible for me to 
I yon. 1 h4\-e only bachelor accomm<><lation, not ao much 
aa a niare b<<<l to offer any one." 

Even this did not settle the aaucy young dug . .  ; then, 
in order to stand no mora nonaanae, I sent for the Pruaaian 
OaDarml. If I could only daaoribe what followed ! 

Leava the hoose, Sir," was all he said, but never did 
1 slave at New Orleana quail before his master as did 
this Proaaian tiettt4>nant Iwfore hia eeneral. 

With one ami holding his oelonginga, with the other 
iwaking military salute, he crept, all but on all foura, out of 
(ha room. . . . No ona could behave with greater courteay 
than tliat general. 

" Monsieur Bonibonnel," he aaid, after a lengthy chat, 
did na amch harm, but you only iwrfomu^ your duty as 
Boat aaanred that your privacy will bu 



Thmn are plenty of atorios aa good aa this in the book from 
which thia story oomca. 



A MIGHTY HUNTER. 



SpoK and Lifa in Weatem America. Bv W. A. 
BaiUle-Orohman. !•) Ov'in., xlii. . Iic< |i|i. ixndon. IHI!). 

H. Oox. 16/- 

Tlio«>w!ll Im> hard to plcaao wlm do not find much to Interest 
lh<in in .Mr. K«ilti<Mtmhnuin'H "Hport and l^ife in Western 
Amorira ami Krilioh Cnlninlun." It Is th<> work of a nuin who 
kaows what ho ia writing about (by no moans a oofoaian mntt<>r in 
bookaof teavel), and if therparo rt«lly two books rather than one 
ia the TolaaiP it ia difit-alt to hUiue tlio nntlinr vlien Iwth arc ao 
ipiod, no palnatakinfc, ami HO actual. TIkto Is nothing of tho 
gloiio*lrr>(t<f almut Mr. lisillit-Crohinan ; ho nvnt to America to 
■(ay, and daring many yiiir^ tho apirit of ttio Wo<il aonkcd into 
hiaa. Ho waa a triHr hiinti-r ralhor than n men- Kporl<iinnn, a 
lra<b>r, an a<-ln«l pifiiii-or, and, if tlio fiirioiii ili'«ir<' lo iiot<! tho 
difrn-noc liclwifii flu- work of men like lhi« and lli<- work of the 
■aap-ahot tuariat, a thooaaiMl inaliffori-nt i iMHik-iimking 

ava at head to aapply «)«n|iari«on«. Sh. nro mndo ; 

lo aay that Mr. Bailllo-lirnlHiun'a work Iiuh Kr"^", 



rM>l Ik., l.i.. 



 >t«l Mfk#d*l/\ll 



.,m^a( ■■.■. 



pontrovpfKlal matter that will Ik> of eapeeil 
Kowland Ward. A l>o«)k of nuMnN lo liavo an 
l»c alM«>lulely Mliov<t suNpicion, but Mr. 1 
eviilenllyof opiniuu tliiit Kutlicicnl f»r<> hti» hat 
ill the vcrillcntion of tlio (liincnKioiiH ^Uvn 
wnpili of hiMturic tiiiM'N. Ami wo ccrtniiily n| 
the iiitcrost!! of h|Hirtstm>ii niiil of the owno 
effort khould Im' made lo llx a ri|;iil Kcnle of ii 
ubiaiii exnet di'lnils. Al |ir<-M'iit (here nn^ 
" fakitl " tro|iliie.<t hj» fnlm- nnil rnkisl etmlN-urii 
Haillii'-tiruliinan'N elmplerx <l<>anni; with ilH< 
ignore<I by thi> iintumliNt ur the N|)or(.HmnM. 

But, though tho |H>rtion of the liook w 
seientiflc nsix-et of H\K>rt U without doubt the 
g»»neral n>Ailer, who rnroH little nbuut the mens 
will prolMibly find the intimate and |H>rHonnl 
WTifer more to his tante. To know Britiith Coli 
tumany, but it is given to few to de«<'rilx> it at 
when the old piomnT looked with disfavour 
surveying for the great C.P.R. Mr. Baillii 
only shot in the Koekiefi and the S<<lklrks, bu 
Kootenai and hntt had hln atruggles with t 
British Columbia and of the Dominion. He hi 
fires and has waited in nnte-rooin!i ; he liai* 
game, inis.>te<l Government oflieialH at short rai 
and misfortuno as a hunter should. The latt 
book is very human, and in its pages one Kiiiell 
and hemlui'k ami spruce, honrs ;the hum of 
and Jearns anew the fasciimtion of the mouni 
are tho snowy Sclkirks or tho barren upln 
Bolt. It is a good book, and. If any complain 
it might )>o replied that many Indee<l can com 
can make dry Ijones live. 

Mrs. Baillio-Cirohman oilds a chapter c 
Cliineso and other domestic service In Wosti 
is not only bright and hnmorou.s but o 
"Celestial" life iq flie Far West. 



OTHER NEW BOO 



Lucia n. 

It is a little difficult to divine the precise 
Lt'tiAX THB HvKtAN Satirist (Longmans, 5s, 
and publishod. Its author, Lieutenant-Colon 
the re<|uisite familiarity with firook ; his Jii 
are mostly sound ; and the narrative part < 
lively and rendnble. But it seems lo miss its 
11 is loo long for a merely critical study after 
manner ; and too short for a iiiixe<l mnnogrn 
biography. Again, it is not i|iiile scholarly < 
to scholars ; yet too much so to poi^iiliiri// 
reader. The two or three translations which ( 
us near the end of the volumn are full of 
admirably in mont eases in preserving the [lee 
Lucianic humour ; but this only makes one 
has not given iis more of them. For our owi 
we would ((lailly have exchaii(ri'd for I hem I 
iiiade<|iinli! chapter on " Jjiiriau's I'iiihxuipl 
The aiillior's vii-ws on thes«' |siiiils se<'iii soliio 
historic si-nse ; ho Is U>u apt to demand from 
modern cmnmnnlcativenoss u|»on the sulijecl. 
and this>lo((icnl convictions, and lo denounce hi 



M i.niiff«tiiii(ii 



lta*i'ntlui* I 



if Ills hilf 



Jaiumrv 2o, iiioii. 



MTKRATI l{R. 



|iro]K<)iItinn. Aftor nil, tti> cnii Imnlly hiivo Imh^i mnr«< iiimmialil(< 
llinn M»lfl, whom In iiii<> of llii* iti<nt wnlli-nl iif hi* (|iiiilltl)-«' fur 
tlii-y wiTf, |MThii|>s, lli<< lw<>Kr<')>li'"l iiinNli-rxoriniii.v llinl llifiwnrlil 
hiiN wi-ii !»• ID iiiiii-h rt-winliW-H, ninl whom IVilom-l lllnM> »iir«'ly 
would rnimlilcr It Im-Icvitiil tii li-rliin' on lilx •uivnK«> r-ynlfUm 
n\ IIiIh lime of iljiy : wlilli- iim to n-ll|{loii, or, nillicr, Ini-k of It, 
IIm'IH- Ik n-filly lilllo (o i'Immkm- iM'lwifii tin- iii<M-iiHllillily ttt Liicl.iii 
niKl llio otulilci-iilli ooiiliiry fi|i|H>rl)iiiiHiii of Hwlfl. W<> i-niilil wUli 
Hint till- iiiittior IiikI ilfKcniil<-il Ii-mm coiijoiiNly on Lui'ldii'* 
cliiiracliT, mill iIIm-iimmmI IiIn iiiMhi'tiinl rnriillii'M nn<l |Im< xiN-fliil 
<|iinlllli-M i>r Ills Mtylo with irMMiiiT riiliii-Hi ilinii lie linx. ||U 
>t|iiirlii); tri'iiliiK-iit of IIiIh ■(IiIijim-I \h IIio more lo Im< n-|;n'lti><l, 
iHvniiM' lif -tliowN n iH'rfi'rt ii|i|ir<>clnlloii Im>iIi of llio liiiiiMiiir niiil 
tlio wll of tlio Kyrliin rlii>|orli-liiii niiil illHi-riiiiiiuilcH willi miirli 
jiHliro Ih'Iwi>»<ii IIh' iiii-ritH of IiIh viirioiin workn. Miiiiy im-oiiIi-, 
lio\vi-vi>r, will) would ii(;r<>4' willi liiiii iih lo lli*> IiIkIi |ilti<-o wliii-h In- 
iisjtiniiH to tlu< " .liipili-r TriiKd-dii.t " iiiiil tlio " Clinron " will 
woiidiM* tlial. Mill)' liy itido with IIiIh •i|H-i-liiirii of LiU'inn'H " flniiit 
anil wiiiihri'Mt iiuinnor, " ho ilUI not mImo plnro nnolhor nlmtMi 
ri|iinlly (front oxainpli', llio "Timon." 

N»tal. 

Tlio hIoi-v of Natal, tlio yoiinp-Mt of our <'oloiili>«, in llkoly lo 
allitii'l liilorCHl jiiHl now; and all tlii> fni'tii ii<><'«>>mnry for n 
Ntndciit of IIm liiMtory ari> kIvoii In Xatai., tmk Lank a.mi ith 
Stoby, hy KolM'rl Uiimmi-II (Dent, 'in. Oil,). It !•< of Iho nntiirf> of 
an oHIi-ial |iiilil!i-atioii, Ihmiik writton liy tho Hu|M>rint<>ii<li-nt of 
V.'diti-atloii III Natal at tho ii'i|ui'<>l of tho Natal ftovoriiiiH'iil, 
and it wiiH rovJHOil liy Sir Tlion|iliilii>t Slii'imtono. Tho |ilaii of 
troatiiiont Is rallior that of a M<-lioollMM>k, tho ntory Im-Iiii; told in 
nhoi-l, hoadtil KOclioiiH with all Iho iianifH in lilai-k print ; lint 
ordinary |M<rHon>t in KiiKhind, who aro i);noi'aiil onoiiKh on tho 
siilijofi, will lliid il roinplolo onoii^li for llioir piir|MiM>, niid 
Irnslworlliy. Tlioro is oiio innp of Iho roiintry in n |HM-k<>t at 
tho Olid of I ho liiMik, 

Drayfua. 

Tho lIisToitn |'aiiai.i.ki.s to !,".\kkmiik Dbkymh, lirniiKht 
to^fi^thor l>y ^Ir. KilKar Sandoi-Mon (lliitrhiiisoii,6s.), coinpriMO tho 
oa.si's of Jan Van linniovoldt, tho Koiiiaii Catliolio vicliniH of 
Titus Oalos, .loan Cains, mid Lord ('(H-hrmio. It is not, of 
ooiirso, an o\linnsliv<> list of tho loailiii); onsos in whioh roliKioiis 
liigolry has rosiiltod in jiiilicial i-riini-s. Tho cam' of !.» Barn"-^ 
to tnko ono inslaiioo- thontch it ha-s lianlly Innmi r«>forr«><l to hy 
any lonrnod oritio of tho " Affaire," had ijiiito as ninny annloKios 
with it as tho caso of Cains, whioh iisot! to Im' ooiupnrotl with it 
iitnrly ovory day in sonio loadiii); nrliolo or otiior. But no doiilit, 
it WHS iMvnnso tho onso of I^a Bnrro rosonililoil tho oa»4> of Cains 
III so many of its dotails that Mr. Sandorson omiltinl it. Moro- 
ovor, most of tlio (uirailols liroak down whon il cihiiom to tho 
i|iioNtioii of roparntion. Lord Cm-hrnno, for oxanipio, nftor 
liaviii); Icon, is was nllo|;od, uiijiislly I'onviotiNl, liviil to Im> i-um- 
nmndor-iii-ohiof on tho North .Vinorioan and WosI Iiidinn station, 
mid was Imrioil in Wostniinstor .\l>lH>y. Will Caplnin Droyfrni 
llvo to ooninmiul nn army oorpN, mid will hin nsh«>9i In> doiMwittil 
ill the I'anthooii ? Ono would like to think so, hut thoro nro 
I'oasons why it sot'ins iinprolalilo. Li't it lio addiil, howov<>r, 
thul this woaknoss in Iho analo^ios liy no in<>ans intorforos with 
Iho inlori>sl of .Mr. Sandorson's iMXik, whioh is a very (phuI liook 
i>r it-, kiiiil. hicidly arraiiKOtI, and (crnphionlly writlon. 
PatploUo Htatory. 

How Knolanh Savrd Riropb : Vol.. IL Tmh STKraoLR ro» 
TMK Ska, l.y W. H. Fitrholt, B..\.. LL.D. (With Finns and 
lllnstrntions : Smith. Klilor, tis.), is a vivid prosontation of tho 



U<m »SM>llmit tk«a Ik* iMva 




(Mrl at whl«li la 
•Ion   I.««L  BwiiW nt 
of I It WfMlUI t<- MM lA 

\iipt»r IIh' iN'lM*m>' of ^ ' ' 
iiHin* I'hiirly llw fiilili' 
tho gni>t ramp nt lt»iil<>i;iH' 
writont h«v«' n-tcnnh-al it .i- 
tlon nf nn ntlark on Auvlria or lo i>«lilMt hHtrr ikr 
iiKivoo nml PfMinlrr-mnvf* in thr naval war g>M» nf wh 
fnlfpir wn« IIm> rnlmlnalinn. Tknacti I|m> rttU-t inl<ft«i 
liorlml U marlllim*. Mr. Kllrbrll happilx «b«<a »>' 
wn»toful and nil lail piiriMHwb'wi i'«pi'<lliiaiw«rlil<>li (r^ 
Ml iniioh of KnKlnnir* milit • iIm^wi jr< 

whioh tlip nrhii'Vitm-nt" ■•i 'ine4n« k 

into tho Hhnili> tho n h« • 

in Cnlnhrin, uhon mo < ii> \ 

niitl Iho o\|>o«lilioii into liutnin* Ayrra, wbon «f liliitMl<-rr 
wlinl Mtinoil amuroil •noonM. Tb<XH< biiliin^, «iib iha 
I)iik*> of York in North HollamI in 17W, hrinic *>»i vlwi 
fall tho nmlorlyinic hk-a itf tho lirmk, IbnuKb wa arv mi 
tho niilhor U fully oonarimM of il« pmw^irf* ; IImI ||m>  
of tho Knidioh nnn« won- •■<uH>ntially ■ncrw—  of Ikr aa 
tho moo, planiMil nml •Mfurotl not anfwq ii witljr la dr 
■tU|M-rior nnthority, and M-hlom duo, lo any |fn~' 

HniiM* (•ovoniiiM-nt. Wlwn tito |p'iM*mU nn 

nntinnnl honour, Iho utthliom Mvail il ; whnt a tiaMi 
siitnaHotl n'trral, bin ibriiiK «ulinnlinal«> ljp m rr »| tla 
mill wont on to virtnry. Wo nn- imMrtiMra, indn-tl. 
rrodit Mr. Fitohott with IIm> r>"l>ular Rn|(ll«li la«lirf 
KiiKli^hnuin \n n inaloh for m-voral foroiBnor* »f aay «iir1 
hnlf-n-<lox<Mi, if Ihoy aro Kn*nrhm<>n. Il i* not a Im 
toiiilN to xinooth intonuilionnl n-lalinn« in tiaa^ nf 
lint on thi* whoh' tho lH«>k forro« n|>nn n« amnr llw 
lion that tho British Kinpiro is rwM-ntially llw rn-allnn 
British poopio, and not of novon-iKiiv or <ilal><<«M^. A 
all, in an niti- of domoomoy, thai is a prarliral tv* m 
sound oonrliision. 

Tha S ao r ad Art of tha llniial— anna 

Tho iniMh'rn art of ph<itoi;i-aphir ropnitlarltAn, llnnilli 
diH's, Iho |H<ri<Mlionl pro«iwith piolnn-s intonilo<| oilfly li 
Into a nioniontnry riirionily, is •.iiroly |miI In Ihi- hii:h«' 
whioh it is oa|mliln in tho m voliimo i 

H.F.C.K.. oiitilhHl TlIK Holy ' . . . (£3 Tn. 6.1 

illustrations from |inintin|{<i liy tho Italian. Ftomiali. t 
and Fr«>noh ninntort of th<> fonrto«>ntJl. flftpcntb. and m 
conlurioM. Tho larK(> nin* of tho Imnlc (I4in. hr llin.) 
jiistioo to lio dono to tho photoernph*. which, tboui;)' 
n little uimiiial, nn> on Iho wholo oxocllonlly 
Thoy aro imrlly iiisot nml partly full pajtc. 
piolHn~t soliN'tiM is oxhnustiY'o anil n-prpspntativo- i 
though, that thoro is no I^>onnrth> ami aiv arranffni 
h>ss so as to follow Iho story in <>aoh Ctni>|N<l. An alph 
list of th<> paintom n>prownto<l is xiren at Ibo Pttd « 
and place of birth and tiato of liraih. bat wilboal 
liartioiilam. In tbc middle of tho hnnk an> " Note* nn R 
Art," in nix chnptort, hy Iho wvH-know antlMii 
thi> art of th<> KonainMtnrtv M. KMifteo Maata 
have hor»» not only a i^llory ol the Rr«iai«aaQr«> i 
a welcome ntlempt lo illustrate the Uoapel in tke ln» 
vi«., by bringinf; In'fore us oneo mom the rrralimia oC I 
aR<> of nncretl art when tho life of Christ van Ike btsi 
most oncroninir subj««cl for th<> painter's brinh, nod ai 

fnilli unit ilovntinn iiivntriMl lv\th tlw« Avttat aiwl lk.iMn /.• 



64 



UTERATURE. 



[Januar 



on^artwiilita M Mr. Bart lot I of olM-rvhiK rniiiivc 
rmMarVM. Hb MOtMi U<(> tlMM> «>f iIk* imrliral, im>I tli<> liti>rary, 
■Ml ; plainljr uu< wriilPn for |iulitirmtioa, they aro wmppy and 
iMWupkKP : ami at (imp* nv can only kii<<«i at Iho nM>aniuK. 
Bm tor Mijr om* wIm* nirr« aliout auimalH I he book U one to havo, 
■M In IT«<1 Ihmuiib, |iprtia|m, Itut to tak<« up and put ilnwii and 
Mtrr lu. It i> Himitirntt «mi liirtU and D<>>i<-<« nnd rcpliliM. 
PrraumMx ll>c> miim' author's fonut^r Itook. " Wild AiiiuialH in 
t^plivit.v," rxiMUotiNl hU intonnation alM>u( iMNtHtH. Mr. 
Marlioii, bowfvrr, t<'ll< any ono who ik^MJroN to know IImI you 
CMl (pr«la wild rat on lipof Ipa ami unri|>c applo«, though it rr<(u>ioM 
hoUMeMrkPn. Tliowalnw. for hi* |uirl, rannot Mwallow aiiylhiiiK 
|argi>r tkan a walnnt. It may lio UM'ful to l(<«ni tliat thi> lM>t>t 
tpon witk which to roprl iia\-aK« ramivoni in a stiff liirrh 
thruKt in the faro. That tb<>y cannot xtand ; but wo 

rather not have to try it. The cluiptiTH on thf xNlnion and 
tka piMMUil arc particularly full. Hero is a doliKhtful 
fllltlkM fnua l./0|niat'ii " Vnyaice to the Knsl Indict," K|M<«kinK 
of tlMtdodo — " They [the dndoH] walk with so much M(jiloliu<>HH 
■ad cracr that ooo cannot help ailmirinfc nml InviuR th<'ui ; Ity 
which imvUH tlioir lino mion ofti-n saves Ihoir lives." How 
pk<a>iant to have lioon a dodo ! Tbon> is a plnusilile oxplaimtion 
of tiM* hlKh fllKbt of comlon, ami wmio intorostini; rtMuarkH on 
Um tkMkMlie animaU of the Chinese. That tuition hax tried for 
■MQT tkoanad y«<arH to tame nmmlarin ducks without succewi ; 
tkf4r wlaga atill have to Im> clip|io<l. On the other lianti, liy 
r(«t«riMi of practice, they have pn^l ucetl n n unnntuml f<s-iiiidity 
ia aoMF animals, as our Kardoiien do in plants. Their sows often 
iNiaK forth IwiHity-lwo in a Iitt4>r, nnd their ewes four or five 
laailm at one hirth. Fari^>li>, says Mr. Rnrllelt, can lie kept for 
jrcam «ritb<Hit w-ater. i>ven on dry fond. A iNirmI in the Zoo had 
Uvod tkere flfty^Mie years without oyi-r drinking;. The illustra- 
tiooa i m e r c v to lie mtMitione«l. So doos the inilex, but this not 
villi praiap. In a work of the kind it should lie at leant flvo 
liam aa full ; and n^ ho|M' it will ho much onlnrKO«l if there nre 
any future editions, for at pn'sent it is almost UH<>leHs. 

T*l*phot4>in*aphy. 

Tu.ErHoTo«iBAruv : Ax Klbmbxtaet Tkcatihb 05 trb Cos- 
aractTic!! AXD ArrLicATioKor thb TBLBPHorouBArHio Lbxm, by 
TboroasR. Dalliopyer, F.R.A.S.(HeinonMnn,(>fi.n.),iRa well-WTitten 
«<>ll-illa»tnitr<lim>no|n^phonthein|^-niousHndus<>rul plmln^o^phic 
Imw with which tlw author's name is so closely c<mne4-tod. The 
laaa in question is simply an optical condiination, the fo<-nl len^rth 
vt which caa be altenHl at will ; in other words il is n me<-lianicfll 
imitation of the human eye, ami somi-thint; more. Hy menns of 
thin lenticular device many of the pitfalls with which the |tnlh nf 
tlM» portrait photographers in itoael iin- avoiile<l, whilst the 
arrfaitt^tural photoffrapher M-fao winh<>n to obtain a roasoimbly 
aiBt*d ami <lelaii«-<l picture nf nooio inaccc«silileearvinf;, rooiililinfr, 
or tbclike, and the pictorial phot ofcrapher who yearns to obtain a 
distaai Tiew of Mont lilanc on a aomewiiat Inrtter M>nle thnn tliat 
of a tkraapenny bit, are alike enabled to do s«. Then, aKnin, tht> 
tflfrpbotographb' ieaa ia nacfal for many siirKi<'al an<l metlical 
parposM and ahonid prorc n( inestimable vnlue in war for 
obtainiiif; clear larice-s<-ale distant views nf nn enemy's position. 
Tbo author ha* illustrated hin monoirraph with a nuinlier nf 
•trikinic rxaaipl*M of tbo power of bis lens and |i>ad« the reailor 
■p U> a fall w i w p r c hiiision of its ralionnlf thronKh a leuKlhy and 
lapid Piposition of the npiiral law* umlerlyinir phntofrraphy. 



WHIP 

Ttaa Sporta Ubrainr. 



AND SADDLE. 



author (tives some shn'wd atlviiv to the |ioor 
iwrfort-e, save and " nurse " bis horse, if I 
•' mirse " hla pocket. 

A poor man must not nuiko Iouk (bunt 
It is liani 10 turn your liack on the hounds, 
the siren \oic«>i» rin|{ in your ears . . . 1 
i-ont colliir and jojt d<.|nr<'4lly on. Then if (I1 
nml lillls bo slaN'p, (fi'l off and walk, Ihv)I 
than horsi'flesh. 
With Mr. I>ale's nssorlion llial jrirls slioul 
l>efon> attaining Iho age of sixtivn, we are I 
" Kven then . . . the Icksoun, nt llrsi. 
Rut as repirds the slomor s«>x, wo aro una) 
whatever ant' one liO(r1ns to ride it Is advisable 
in a riding; school. We are sure that such 11 
as the author would readily adiuit that most c 
(•ountry riders never sitw the inside of a sr 
The VHM' of n In-ninner, after, say, twenty ye 
another tiling, nnd her<> the school is ii 
nIthiniKh, lioyond doubt, a stroni; sent on 
<losirabl<>, yet to say that " no one who has nn 
have oven minleratoly koo«I hands " is.Rurol; 
iuK- Perhaps Mr. Dale, writing in his ui 
bnH>cy fashion, dn<>« not menu us to take this 
ally; there have Imnmi many men' whose hands 
horse's mouth very nenrly nppronch<sl p4Tf«H't 
on a sn«ldle left much to Ih' desinsl. In I 
" I^ailies on Horseback " (he Irtie nolo is 
wortls : - 

Try to lea<-li K'rls to reeoKiii/.<> who 
enough. I'roHsinif a tir<sl horse is diin)^-r<>( 
When H hors<' Inlters, changes his lc){s, hn 
chaiiw-s his fences, it is time to take to th 
altou«>ther. 

Women, usually so instinct with mercy for an 
seem sinRidnrly dull nt detectiufr thost> si 
fniliiif; strouKlh, whi<-h muy Im' rend, like nu 
average horsoman. Very instructive, e\ 
practitioner, nre the hints on ilrivinR- im 
raents of the art as steering; n tnndcm nnd n fi 
the personal nilveiitur«>s of the nuthor whilst hi 
native |>onies in India are highly annisinf;. P 
a masterly mnnner, nnd as no mnn is Im>II<' 
with authority on the subje<>t, we must iriv( 
cHNlence when ho says, in his usual outs|>okoi 
can nfford to keep two isinies, you can affoni 1 
just a little difficult to sei- the r<>ason for ini 
on " Ho>{-Hnntin(t " or. to use the more 
stiekiuK and " •IncknI-Hiinlini; " in n vol 
though, in thems«'lvi>s, ihey are-ns, in<leed, 
<"xeel|ent n-mlinf;. The words on " S|>ort 
thoufchtful, and sun-ly no mor<> thoroughly pi 
ever |H«nn<>d than those so si)fiiillcantly head) 
Master." Homes, and <>s|)ecially hunters, r<> 
of their owners' attention than, in (his busy 
they are ever likely to re<'<'ive. " There in 
ns the master hims«'lf," says Mr. Dale, a 
sentent'c dominates (he whole. Invniunble t 
this chnpter, lint the entire IsHik, is the 
" yonni; hand." and particularly l<i the comp 
who wishes to so*' s|Hirl . Many siii-h. by c( 
p«fl(Hi, and a conM'ient ions ndoption of th<> nut 
put for\\'ard therein, will lie oiuibled to save 1 
money, but time, voxatlon, and disap|iointmei 



.Iftinmry 20, 1»00,| 



MTKHATI KK. 



iiikI " tiM' urt« <>r vviiorie," M Uervaito Mnrkhiioi t-alU It, nct«r 
|HiHM-MiMxl n Hiroiitp'r (liivoU>«<, or ktmw n urcalfr iiuulrr nl Its 
inyiliM'ifN, lliiiii III*. Nci iiirn> rnx-hlililiiiK M|iiin*, livlliK I'Ul for 
lirirM> mill liiiiiiiil, (lii'MTltfr lit llirM-ilcliKliirnI li-tli-r> wmk ii "iimii 
i>f piirtH," lit i^rcnl criKlilinii <'n|h-<'IiiII,v i-niciili-riiiK H*'' tlliMii In 
«lili'li lie livfil mill II liiiKiiixl of no iiii-iiii iirili-r. HIr KK<*r(<>li 
l1i-yilK(-!i,N|H'nkiii|C<>l' liiN frli'iiirx nltaiiiiiiriil« niiil v«>mitillly,<uty>i, 
" nitvi-r wan n liiiiiUiiinirii illtiiii'r irnii-i-il wllli hih-Ii iirliaiilly niiil 
wit. IIi< woiilil Imi; <> Tux In (ini'lc, lliiil ii lmr<> In Ijiliii. liixiM-c-t 
IiIn koniH'lN ill llnliiiii, niiil ilirtH-l tin- iH-oiiimiy of hit ulnlili-o In 
i"\n>lli'nt Fronch." Aluiiyn Hinoiitli miil m-lmlnrly, ItiM-kfonl'ii 
ui'iliiiK wuH fri«|iii'nMy niloriiiil willi nimlii-N nf KriK'i'dil liiiiii<mr ; 
\\liiKt, iiKIiuiikIi tcrliiilnil, I|ii<k4< I'HMnyw wrn' iicvi'i- cllhiT 
ri-iliiiiilaiil or iliill. Tin- ^inmI roiiiiM-l I'linlaliiiil in tlii-ni \>> uh 
valiialili> (o-ilay ns II was a liiinilri'il ynrn ««!>, wlii-ii tlii' iMMik 
llrNi <ia\v Mm IIkIiI. AIIIioiikIi From tiiiii' In lliiii' iiivokini; llii' 
iiiiiMi- iif N'ii'Kil, lli>iiici>, anil I'liny in NU|>|ii>rl of liiit )>nlliiiNiiiiitit' 
rdiiiiiK'iiilatiiin uf ro\-liiintln|{, it in i'liii>ny SiinHTvillt', " tlw piiet 
>>r lilt- rli»Hi>," fur wliiiiii hie niliiiimlioii in r<>m>r%'<il. And M 
siiroly aH KimM'rvill<> immiiiiiI (Ik- Qni>Nt |i<H<lry, mi iliil R<><-kror(l 
writo Iho Itrnt protM' i>f tJif hniiliiiK fli-IU. To Unix- li>tl«-i^ Mr. 
Otlio Pni^t liaN Nvrilli'ii an vxri'lloiil anil llninniKlily HimrtMnmi- 
liko pn<riu-i', anil miimc iiM-riil iioIi-n. HiiI ho Iiiim vrry wiaoly, as 
it a|)|)<<nr!< til UH- " Icfl tlii< ti>xt vxaetly llir miiii<< ns in tho 
oi'lKinal oilition." Any nitompt at " liowillcrizini; " mnHl, 
aliiiimt iif ni>i-i>HKity, Iinvi" n-Miilti-il in iliMippnintniont to thi* 
ailniiri'im of IVtrr B4'rkforirH iinniorlal book anil tlifir iianM' 
is lotion anioiiKHt liniitiiiK nii>n. Wi> ninnt frankly i-unfiwi that 
Mr. .lalliimrN ilUisitrations ar«< not i|niti> iiinvinvintc. AIIIioukIi 
t?<HHl in thi'ir way, tlioy foil to (.•onv«>y Hint iiU-n of " r<>Hp<<«-tul)l(< 
niitii|nily " wliicli aloni' roiilil bring tln-ni into liai-nmny with the 
li'ltorpri'ss. 

Coaohlng. 

What Ml-. Fairnmn Kogors, thu author of n Ma.ni ai. ok 
C'oACHiNo (The Lippinoott Co., 34.s. n.), does not know of his aub- 
jiH^t is not worth knowing. He is oven as good a whip as his 
friend, Mr. AVilliani Tiffany, to whom this book is dedicated, 
and ho can defcrilo how a roach xlioiild bo built, horsed, 
anil put upon the road. What ho has to say al>out " driving 
in a crowd " should Ih» taken to heart by many of tht< less 
exjierienccd members of the Coaching Club, who are to b« avoided 
in the West-end of London during the soaHon : 

'llie grooms iihould not got down and go to the horsoa' 
heads whenever there is A block or a slight htop. It iniliuatea 
nil habitual norvotninesH or a want of contiilencu in his skill on 
the part of bis men. There are occasions when it is neceaaary, 
imd then active men who can get to the spot quickly are 
invaluable, but the finished coachman rarely reipiircs such aid. 
In driving away from a iliQicult place the men may linger a 
little near the hon-os' heads until they are fairy started, but 
out of the way and without interfering, merely so as to bo at 
Imnd should their assistance he alwoliittily ro<|uiied ; for 
instance, on leaving the racccourfe where there is a crowd. 
mul perhaps a narrow imssago or gati-. and when the horses are 
excited by waiting and by tiie |ieoplo anuiul them. 

Most people use the words "drag '" hIkI " coach " as if the 
vehicles were identical, but. as Mr. Kairman Rogers points out, 
tliorc is a marked distinction U-twcen thclight drag built for private 
use and the heavier road coach intended to carry always a full load, 
and to be driven at a high rate of spce<l over long distances. 
In his interesting remarks on the s]ipcils attained by coaches 
on difVerent roads Mr. Kairman Rogers shows that the old .itngv 
coaches wont rather faster than do the modern pleiisiin< coaches. 
Tile author devotes a chapter to the New York Coaching Club, of 



MMintllan'a mv ariw of ivyrial*. •' TW L 
Roffliah C'laMte." bagina wall wttll •• TIm tUym M Kk 
and IW-on's " Caaajra and Adrana— wit ol LMminn " <: 
nachi. Ihe vohuM* ar* tall, wall prialad mad wall l» 
would cut a KDod igorv in Moat bookflMM. Hf wajr 
duotiim thar* an ahort biblioKrapUcBl wAh •c«|rik«l* 
A. W. I'ollanl. IMImtwim- tbi. «.rira ada|rt* tW flhm. I 
ihfn* U, IH> doulil, much In !■• uiitl, nf nut " iainailtri 
t«»Xl in •{ih'kIIoii In r(««k'r<> wko »•«•  ;— • •• •'-• - 
wlllioiil unniftxMary parlry. 

There are a f«w freah featurea in Uw tttm (aClDil) a 
Wiiitakkk'k Almakai k (Whitakar, 3e. 6ii.) : a May Ao 
I'etttrsburg to l>«kin|{ railway ; an kialorieal aftiele «• II 
vaal i|iio>tiun ; and a review of Um hleluijf of aHnBal 
from the diaeovnry of afaaiii fwai to IIM fMaart 4 
statistical fiartioulara of the [ irl n elpal liani Oeaawle 
There ia also a l.iat of Titled OelagaMriuM. Aa tkia 
|wge of small print, and aa no fewer than twenty sn-rml 
genarian* hare |iasw<l tlieir 00th birthdaya, it Is rlsnr to 
eaaual obaerver that titles, like annniliea, are eowl 
longevity. The father of the octogonariana ia OeMnl I 
Htrma h a ni . Oiie cnrii.iis omiaaioa ia Whilakrr oarfMiOT 
from the Index, which is UntaaicHnit. in a work ol relh 
omisaion from the voliinw^ -is a lift of forma <>f R] 
Addreaa. Ami are not the Coronet, Notting-klil, 
Mctropolo, Camlwntull, as worthy ol ■aatlOB 
thoatrea aa the Hritannia, Hoxton r W« only 
criticisms becsoae we want our Whiiaker to be pari 
bccauao it is always willing to add to the extraofdinwy 
information it oompriaee. 

The most rt-nwrkablo |M>int almut S<'IK]|< t 

Ma.H am A!( .\MMAL .IMU Ma.<( as A MlMBKa •» 

TopinanI, Iranslateil by T. J. MrConiiack (Ki-Kii' 
is that the title " Kfieiie«> and Knith " if,\\v» no 
ever of the imliire of tbo ironfont*. Il ronlahw n 
Hi'ienec in gt'iiernl ami tbo rrlation nf faith lo w 
simply a sliuly of social evolution. As surb, the rb-.. 
stylo and the author's exionaive Irsl-hand ki> 
anthro|K>logy and eihiioloicy giTO it • oeHain ralni>. ^ 
the disciiwion is not eai^inl on at a v<m 
Dr. TopinanI is in Itondagi'to Iho h<<<t< 
view of mwiety. There is ihi traco in hiiii ol tli 
view of mM-iely which we IUhI in surb a book 
BoHMiMiiiet's " Philosophieal Theory of th«> State. ' 

We fear that we cannot s|>eak higltly of Uaioi^i* 
(Chiswiek Pr«>«a, 3a. W.). by the author of " Time^ 
It eonsists of a number of deatiltory little ceaya on al. ... 
siibjeets, and thirty-fivo {MfM of doubtful aphoriama. < 
public speaking, style, the aea. faith, hoaoare, arrhi 
lanilsca|>o, and quotation are only a few nf tlw topitw w 
author handloK. apiwrently with ea.«c ami eonfldenre, hat 
nNilizing how extrenM*ly ilifHenIt !l Is to say anything 
notalde eoneeming them. Nor are I be apboriaaH more | 
than tlio essays. " Life after the leefis ia oaly dMth 4e( 
" Pen and ink have inaile imnnnry a sinecure." These 
slXHMmeiis of iIh! author's wit and «i<Mlnm. 

One of the most charming tride* which even T 
Oautier over pcnnni was hi* acvnunt of hia v«rioae pe 
horses, cats, and dogs, down to white rats aad (raea 
This baa been rwy ably trmnslated fro« the Kteoefc 
William Chaaor. under the title of A Doaaarn- Ma 
(Klliot Stock, 3a. (si.), ami illustmte<1 with the aamedi 
touch of feeling for animal nature ahich that la<lv diMt 



r.»; 



LITERATURE. 



[Jauuf 



TILL LOVE AWAKES. 



St»a -.iMvd t>a iMM uf Mo*, cIoimI c*II«iiim imIc Uie wmI 

^Vhrt*. n«ml on lauika of purple, the aun'* pavilion* m« : 
A watrjr at hi* liotrwar, the atMdfaat orening atar 
maada wstchhil while the nutiiarch |!oaa to raat. 

A aiitht like thia it waa, ao iitill, no shot with •|ilfn<lo(ir. 

>^1mii laat I heani the wind anion^' the cniiisoii niaplea 
•tir. 
As now, the riTer rvecU. with roie<« luw ainl (under, 
Hpoke aoftljr. to the diding tide, of her! 

And aa at length abe oame, ao f!«ntle-eye«l and slini, 

H<>p«, like the biasing aundown, burned brifthtuat en* it failol, 
Tlivn. with the aandown'a palinx paaaage, pasaed and palod. 
And all love'a akr er*w atben-hued and dim. 

Ah, lot-e. not tinK> hinwelf, that potent ni-croniancer, 
KefiniiiK men with imtionce, a* silror ia r«>iine<1, 
Can ever wholly atill tJic pain nf Uiat, your aiiawor, 
Tour woitla ao cruel, jret, being cruel, kind ! 

Hie iaiien-fiotwl yearn thvir course appointeil takn, 

Hm day*, like (lilgriins (nciii^. itasii on at-ross the hill. 
The slow stars wake and wane to notliin^-noss, and still 
1 wait till lore's gold sunrise shall awake. 

Long years : Long jreara! Dear love, of loves my first and 
dearaat, 
Shall I yet aee the eaat from greynoaa grow to fawn ? 
I know but this alone :- that (lay is often nearest 
When tlarkeet lie the clouds acroas the dawn. 

.\i>d so to yoa, whom loving I lost to love the more. 

There yet may cnme the nia;:ic, the same enehnntcd dronin 
That clings about me here, where white tlic rijiplcH ^.doam 
Among the tangleil reeds along the shon- : 

You, too, may romo to hear the Rung of wind and river 

Ami distant diapason of the snthcni-singiug sea, 
Id some near autumn-time, when here the asters quiver, 
A red and axurc glor^- nn the lea. 

A h-w more* springs kImII lAike to mhiiicI tho einrion eall 

That spmid* a lir<>iil<T<-<l <-Ar|M-l im nil tlio liHlenliiK liind, 
A f<>w morp HumiiHTo (;n-<-liriK nnd KiHtHliiiK, I iiiiiy slaiid 
Mure gladly on IIh' Ihreohold of tlie fnll ; 

A f«*w roorp yeant, Hwrcllieari, mid then an end to yearning. 
My east ••liiill •a>«'tb«' tinnriw inid (lie wiiiidennent Ihen'of, 
Ami Ml I wait content, till in >Tiiir flower riu-i- lini'iiini; 
I nee the criimmii oriflanirae of Ihm-. 

(JIY WKTMOKK CAKKVL. 



personal VicwQ, 

HAS IJKOWMXG A "VOGLE'*:'' 

Tlie ittrongett proof of tlie sincerity of Krowning'it 
u|4.iinuni and of ttiH wliole-ii(>nrt<*d dpvotiun to liin nri Iii>K 
in the dogged, indomitable liitirit in wiiicb lie i)eriM'vered 
mffdnrt, werj disoonrageinent of neglect and miifunder- 
Ktandtng. Aa most |ieoplp nn> now aware, Kruwnin^ hnd 



iteritifn twMrfrv IVir fliir^i 



vj»ar>M ImaCti 



liA IriAl 



iti. 



"Juvenilia," and, what u more, he inmi< 
broken effort nlonj; lines that were afterv 
His work develoiieti, of oouise, iimtiir 
but the spirit of it, and (to rame exi 
reinnine<l the came. Iti< pliiiosoplr 
uncimnoe*! tiiruugh fifty yearx of KU^taii 

And yet from 18:13, when he 
"Pauline," till 1855. when the wonc 
" Men and Women '' was, so to nj)e) 
Browning had but a very small public, < 
who were sincere apjireciators of i)oeti 
books aroused hoiiefui ex]>ectations anu 
of friends, but even these were disc 
seemed the turbid ol)sciirity of " So 
brilliant series of " Bells and Poini 
followed, was completely overwhelmed 
praise that was greetinj; Tenny.son. 
Women " ap{iealed to few but the elect 
till the publication of " The Hing and tl 
years later, that that complex entit 
public," became aware of him. Then, t 
be sprang into fame ; his name grew 
word, and Hoard school children are nov 
pai>ers ujjon his life and " message." IJ 
monly say, dates his " vogue " from 18 
been in the public eye for thirty year.*, 
there as long ax the Knglish tongue is »] 

All this is true enough, and has, ] 
sufficiently often, and yet there may be 
question. The sphere of literary intei 
this country ; and its voice — now that 
its " literary supplement " — so loud, thai 
to forget tiiat a "vogue" implies some 
the discussions of " e.ssay-societies," 
suffrages of the lending library. There 
ence between a genuine " vojrue " and i 
the dift'erence, very often, between sii 
Culture, or rather the affectation of ( 
cheap; most iteople like to Ije tho 
and Browning's name was long a jm 
Leo Hunter's " drawing rooms." But a 
a sincere, intimate, ]KTson«l affection ; 
for full-dress occasions, but for busy, \ 
The iioet who bait a " vogue " is the |Kiel 
the t<'nt and in the sick-nwin — read, too 
man whom you meet daily u|ion the sub 
in the ](rovincial towns and drowsy vilh 
a word, whose work " stands uinmi ev€ 
table." Byron enjoyetl such a " vogue"; 
it still ; but, det(]iite all the energy ( 
societies, it can scarcely In* iimintuin*^! 
Vet tlif liiHMler of so wide a tMiiniliiril 



Jnnuury 20, 190U.J 



MTKRATl KR 



|K)«'iry? I HUMjM'ct that not more than half of them 
would Ih* ulil** to i)Uot<« tMO conKfrutive lint^ from 
liiiii I The remaining fifty |»er cent, mi^ht eite -not 
i|iiite i-orrei-tly — the nameH of Honie uf liiH |ioero«, Imt it in 
(loiilitfiil if one of them could ^ive an intelligent at-eounl 
of nny ^in^^le |)oein, of itM story nnd im|ilieation. of the 
l)etter-informe<l hnlf-hundred, another moiety would be 
frtrniiinr with live or Mix jKH-mH--" Kvelyn lloi)?," " How 
we l)rou>{ht the (JtKxl NewH," "The I'iwl I'ijier," "The 
lx)nt lender," and i)erhai>H "The I^awt Kitle Together." 
Fifteen out of the whole hundred thi^rht have nome know- 
le<lj^e of " .Men und Women " and the f horter pieten gene- 
rally; another eight or nine might add to that "The King 
and th<> Hook " nnd the draniiiH. Hut would more than 
one jR'r eent. confess, under oiith, to having read, or tried 
to read, the whole of Browning? .Max I for the rarity of 
l>oetic ta-ste; the city would itcaice be 8av«>d for one*H mke. 

I have amused myself by working ont thexe fignrex, 
not without some thought nnd coni)>nrisou ; but it i.x the 
very esxence of s>uch an inipiiry that it should at once 
j)rovoke challenge. In the causes which we have at heart 
we an' nil eitliir i>essimists or optimists; nnd, if n>y view 
of Browning's "vogue" is too depressed, I should be the 
first to fling my caj> for the man who might disprove it. 
Hut there can Iw little (juestion that Ikowiiing'.s "vogue" 
has been, and is, a " vogue " of culture rather than of 
fashion ; and that those of us who tr)', however insuffi- 
ciently, "to know the best that has been written' nnd 
thought" in prose or jKwtry are genemlly apt, in moments 
of sym}inthetie enthusiasm, to over-rate our numliers and 
the carrying jwwer of our voices I Jiynni had a vogue of 
fashion, and he has paid for it with a conse<|uent neglect- 
The world of his day, as .\rnolii tellingly said, looked in 
his glass, nnd saw, or thought it saw, its own face there, 
and went its way, nnd straightway forgot what manner of 
man it saw. Hut for the world of contemporary fashion 
Hrowning's glass hatl no reflection. In no .sense of the 
word was he a " topical " poet ; the couree of his energy 
was imi>elled, but never diverted, by the events nnd ten- 
dencies of his time. .\t an exceptionally early age he 
seems to hnve seen his work clear In-foi-e him, and he pre- 
served his way with singular decision. He had even a 
kindly, go<Ml-nntured contempt for the unintelligent man. 
How, then, could he become his intimate? 

A few months ago certain of Tennyson's {xiems pabsed 
out of cojiyright. and there w'as at once a vigorous "raid" 
upon them among editors and publishers. Vou can now 
buy a very tolerable selection for a |)enny. Hut the 
copyright of Hrowning's " Men and Women " ln|K<etl almost 
insensibly. The number of cheap editions of him it very 
small ; and, in these days of keen trade-com(ietition, it is 
to be iiresiuned that the imrvevors of literature know 



— KrownittK would WMn to hftvo miiMd, one* mk 
for all, tho ntlrngt of tho Bwrket-pUe*. K« 
the la»t few year* there haa btMt • markod dfan 
intrreat. Thf Bro«nin|; "•vralsf " — • nUhw 
infli<-tion that wa> m> |M>piil«r a litili* while • 
longer in the faohion. With tttoae wlto "tako i 
ture to iin|ireM their friend*, hr hat IwMi mtpi 
turn by Uxien and Omar Khayyim. " AooUmt 
l)e<>n, and other |«lm» are woo." Browniag it 
the devotion of tliat little body to whom lit«n 
■eriouH and abiding concern. 

What in the rranon of this popular •}< 
gradual deavrtion ? The old argament of hla 
will at once suggent itself; but that 
ning to low it» edge. For, when all ha* 
can be nid about Browning'* difficnltie*, tliera i 
immense amount of his work that i* a* oim] 
imaginative work can lie. The ultimate pbUow 
|ioetry is alnwlutely simple, and it« e ipw iow la, 
not only lucid, hut com|ielling. It would he ] 
make a volume of selection* from Bnmnin 
which should give the heart of his work, and i 
is best in it, and should yet present no difficol 
onlinary e<lucated intelligence. No ; what hai 
the general reader from Browning it not w 
oltscurity as his strenuousness. As h<> himac 
never professed to provide the kind of JKietry 
serve as a substitute for a cigar or a game of c 
if one could catch the " general reader " in a I 
frankness, he would confess tliat that is the k 
|KH'try that he prefers. Browning's poetry i* bl 
invigorating ; it makes u|x>n the readi-r a d 
exalted, spiritual energy. It re<|uires the wl 
the undivided enthusiasm ; and the " genen 
does not want to give his whole heart to anyt 
wants to be b<>guiled, not admonished. He w, 
told what a tine fellow he is ; not to be net fi 
with himself, and n>a«le to feel that the pro|ier 
life is something for which he has neither the 
the inclination. In a word, Browning i* ai 
and the •• general reader " wants realistic ent* 
In Knglanti, particularly, the ordinary man is 
void of idealism. He has very little iraagin 
world around him is (piite sufficient to Ua 
wants no ideals beyond a comfortable home and 
at the banker's. Tliis strenuoua |ioetry, wit) 
u]ion the distant hills nnd it" heart set tow 
journey, disturlis and disconcerts him. lie n 
to admire it ; but he will never come to love it. 

And yet the things that are seen are tem] 
the things that are not seen ore eternal, 
chamcteristics which tleprive Browninc's I>oH 



68 



LITEKATLKE. 



[January 



DO particular mmoo U it acclaimftl by the crowd. The 
atrvcU «r<* never lighted in it« honour ; " the lienate never 
ring* vith cheen " for it ; it mi«««« the joy* of iinmediHte 
popabvity. bat it bukk tbe poyition it has gained, and 
add* aomeihing to it ewry year. That Uruwningit |ioetry 
ia of thia undying order no ooe, not even the ]iiiii«er-by 
upon the pavement. <|ueataoDa. He wax not,ind(H><l,df|iri\ed 
of tbe pritilege* of a high reputation duriii;; \\i» lifetime, 
but lie va» never able to feel, aa some of liiH contem|K>rarie8 
were, that the public vas hanging upon hix voidti. Still, 
hi» letters i.ho« that he cared very little for thisi ; and it 
i* entirely falae •entimont to lament the fact on Uin 
liehalf. Indeed, for tho(«e who hear Krowuing — not with 
the loud devotion of tbe fanatic, but with the quiet 
iKNoagv of the true dixciple — it mattem very little w hether 
tlie crowd are deaf or not, I*lato'i« pliilosoplicr took hix 
•*at under the hiuidow of the wall. The crowd {tassed by, 
bowling, jostling, litumbliug one over another in the 
ponuit of pleasure. But the philosopher was still there 
when the crowd had ]iassed. 

AimirR WAl'tJH. 



'Wotcs. 



The retirenetil <if an editor ami the niiiMxiiircmciit of two 
new IMppri c-ftnotitnte tho joiirnnliKtic iiewx i4 the w-i-<>k. The 
retiriHg editor U Mr. \V. H. Miiilfonl, who hiw dirooletl the 
poliey of the I'tattdartl ninrc 1870 to the HaliMrnotioii or thoHo of 
lih mMlerm who were aatiaflod to •«><• literature iiCKliH-tetl 
provitlol that politiea were nili-<|unt<-ly tn-ntiHl. riuler Mr. 
Mariford the >StoiMfarrf haa r<>rt«iiilr Im-<>ii the ]o»M lilemry, 
IhooKh hy DO aieans tbe leant ahlv roiiilii<t<><l, of the tiKirniiiK 
Joomala. It remain* to he «><>n whothrr hiw Kiifi-4-KMir. Mr. (J. 
B. Cnrtia. will ilcri^le to (tive jilenitim- more «i|Hii-e in hiH 
eolaniM. The m«w iwiien aniMniiii-ol are the Tribune, to lie 
edited by Mr. LathlMiry. who latt-ly left the UtiurduiH on a |M>int 
of roUM-ifiH-e. anil the .'<fjr/ir, a new Kix|M>nny illuHtr»to«l wi-<-kly 
to ap|M>ar uimIit the aoBpieea of HIr Willlnni InKrtiiii. Tlic n-ason 
why the titl<> tho X|iMr was ehoaen at n tinH- when it u-nit known 
that Mr. ClenMMit Shorter wa<i to atlit a Kiniiliir |>ii|M-r with the 
•iailar de*iicnation tlie .Sj.fc*rr haii not lieen eonimnnii-ale<l to the 



•  •  

It wao an article in ttf I'rotjxrtirr Krrirtr tlinl cnniXHl the 
M>|i«ralit>nlM>lw«<-n I>r. Martinenn (of whoM- writingw ((en<>rally wo 
*|Mwk in aiKitiu-r oilnnin) niHl hi- lirilliani ninter Harriet. She 
luul ImiHw xlranip-ly influcnitii lij Mr. H. <t. Atkinwiii thai 
•• alh<-i*lie HM-wm-riot . " ami wbiii " Th«- Ijtvts of Man'<i Nature 
awl UevriofniKiit " a|>|M-nntl the iMwtk wan unHiMirlnjrly fon- 
drimnl in IIk> Hrrittr. Tin- followin); extract et-rtainly -.hown 
atwiwa fa-Hintc <ni IIh- suIiJitI : 

With (rri<-f wf ni««t my that win" renHtnlM-r nolhiiiK in 
littfiiry hiatury nion* nM-lanrholy than that ilnrrii-t MHrtiiii'nu 
•linnl.1 !«■ iipixtralol at tin- Uf\ of nufh n nuixlcr (AtkluMMi), 
ami >il hi* liiihlinK hi-r iwrly faith in nHinil oldJKnlion, 

ini>  •<i<l. in IIh- immortal Maiii-(ilifi«, ^hoidd it'ory in 

the llifc""-ii"ii << hi« IdimI nmiKanif and m-om. mixlakiuK tinin 
Knr wMom ami |ii<Hy, ami iii«i-kly iindi-rtakinK l<> I<-hi-Ii him 



material was «-«(ne<«riied, wen> very inferior, for a 
fount had l<> Im> ciikt ill 14^1, and thin wax affaii 
Karh i>f (lie primary Milaii<>Ke fouiit» imiknohh rl 
iliKtinct that Ihry are iNtxily lniro<l in the ImmiI 
and Mr. FnM-tor iltvideu that the ty|M> UM<d for 
eiliti<Hi of " iiiiiner," |irintt<il at Klor<>iiee in HI 
ClmloiiMlyliiN, waa caat frtaii tlu> ori|;inal |>uii«- 
tint! MilaniHK' foniil. 

•  • 

Tin- <>«rlieHl (•r<>«k ty|M> caMl in Venice i 
lint it wa« not until HIM dial AldUM ncI up (lii>n 
Ho reHtriclo«l hix efforts to the print iiiK of IkkiI 
the Senate enrourAfcml him liy (;ranliii|; him a |h 
yearn for all li<Mik> no priiiti-d in the State 
Ppia't4»r expr<>NM-<l the opinion that the llrnt 
Imm-iI u|ion the ancient founta naetl in the (>n 
w»M liy far the ttiieat, anil he stroiiKl.v •'iniili'i 
ty|M-M. ThetM- .\lduH foiiiidi'd on lli<- ciirKivi- liaml 
hi- frifiid Maii-UH Miixiirux whirli alxiumliHl 
coiiiliiiiatioiiN of ac<-eiil and letter, and li)fatnre«— 
N<mu>limeH four lelteph iM-iint tiiil tojjether. 1 
wax nioHt uiiNiitiNfnrtory, tlmt of all t<i the prin 
" caiM- " niUNt have lM>eii complicati-d to an eii 
and the wonix are wi uplit up into Kyllaliles Ilia 
an Aldine iMiok to-day iH a matter of dinifti 
desiKuintr hin type, had to choose iM'two'U the « 
in iiiM'riptioiiN and eoiitein|iorHry Ixiok liandK. 
Utter, and Immiik the leailiiiK printer of tlie t 
flx«'<l the forms of lyiM- for (feneral printiii^;. In 
forms of (Jrci'k ty|>e went aliriipily out of \\* 
Aldine iMKiks lie^iii Ut circulate, and it was not iiii 
time that the ns«' of coiitrnctiiiiiN bcM-ame gradual 
icHH timn a dozen remaine<l. The Venetian t 
diiiflKtinHl liy tbe I'lidleHa variety of the l< 
nnntttrnined fr<'«'dom of the enrsive hand sncrif 
of the older foriiiK. In Mr. PriK-tor's opinion, 
action of Ahliis inflicliHl upon Or«'ek tyiH>, on it 
a blow from wliicli it has never re«'over«Hl. 

* « • 

MeMsra. Macinillaii's iHUrnatioHalMniMii, pi 
York and London, in a fcnoA eonreption, and ilH p 
iihap*' Br»> nttrnctlvn fcnlnres. It is descrilied as 
of C'ontcmponiry Tlioujflit," and with llie view 
not lieiiii; <|uilo so rxhaiistivcly eomprclioiisive 
lieriodicaU, it ront.iins only five articles, iinpfirti 
lietwwn wienw, art, literature, and the ilrani 
article*, we notice, are by Aim-ricaiiK, one b 
i* the latter who takes literal ur<< under his win(^ 
on " Later Kvolntions of Fn-nch Criticism." 
M. lidonard K<hI. He in a little Ioiik and Inliorin 
says is of the hl(ch<'st int<>res( to all who follow 

literal ur<-. 

• « • 

Ilia Hulijeet ia litorary criticiHin.and the enric 
he iiowhen' msmiis to tmich what wN-tns (o ns the ' 
criticism. IKkii it not exist in Vrance at pn-sen 
that country fall, in his view, into thnN' classes. 
MinnI " writers, who r<!<-ord the impressions inn 
minds only, and even nswrt that no other kin< 
poNsilile. Then- is Kr<«t valni- in the method, no 
valm* con«ist4 not in the criticism itx'lf, bill the 
it ia <-lotli<il. And the art of writiiiK such crilici 
to Im- earrieil much hifcher than it is by M. Anal 



.liimmry 20, li)00.] 



LITKHATl'RK. 



NUntlAntu by whkh mM<b <|imllly ««n Im jntlgnl ■Iwinlanii 

i-n|iiilili> nf i'X|>lniintioii niiil ili>f<'iiri>. When n crllii- han 
llii>rr>iiKlil.v iiinHlfriil IIkw slniiilnnN iiiitl iiiidIk iIiciii liy •liMly a 
IHirt, UM It wi'n', nl hi)) iiiiiiil, niiil kii<mii hnw In nppty tlinii niiil 
how to Ktflto iiitcllliflltly thf roiill of ihi-lr nppllrntioii ihi'ii li<< 
In wt'jl lllldl fcir hilt work. Aiitl tlint work U, In lh<> Itnt 
Irixtiini'f, Klniply ^) lUvlil)' on tlit* qiutllly iif A «ttrk. to «ay 
\\hi>lhi-r it Ih kinmI or lintl. Tho pomjlilllly of >in<-li ii xtinpli' nnil 
olil-riiNhioiiiNl pr<H-i<<liir« it<>«<M not s<N-m tn iM'rur to M. I(<nI, nor 
(l(M>« it Hti-ni nl iill I") nntlufy llu' Krt'iii'h crltlr<i In lhi*f " luti'r 

••volutionH." 

• • » • 

A oinlrllinlor to lli<- I'nll .)/<■'( fi'ti:>-((>', whiw iUt'iitity in 
thinly iliN(;>>>'*<'*l »iiilfr n xtylK of hoiik- prt-t-iiMity nnil the iuilmU 
" A. M.," hiiM Just ninili< ii rcrtH-ioHH nttiick uimmi liililMin'o 
KnKli'<l>- ^h>' l>nM, of rotirM-, the piv<'<tli'nt of Mr. Huokin, who 
ilccliiitMl (iililMih'H 111 Im" " lh«' »i)r'<t Kn|{li"h Hint \»ii» rvrr 
wrilU'ii liy nil filiiciili'il Kii|;lishiiuiii," iiililinK thnt " IiIn t'pllhftH 
nr<> uiiilii'ionH wilhoiil |M>int, wuioroiis wiihont ut-itchl, nnil hnv<* 
no oHU'c liul III niukc ii Hut wiiti-nco Inrtciil' " Mrx. Mfyn<*ll, 
howovi'r, haw n Ntill nion> ii»i<<>piiiK IntllclnM'nt to nuiki> : nbi* 
nH.<<nr«>N mm thnt (iililMin not only \\rot<- Imdly hiiuM'lf, ImiI wao tbi> 
caiiM' <>r niiii'li Iwil wrilinK  olhi-n<. l'i-rha|m then' it <<vcn 
uiort< truth in this Ihnn Nhc intcntlctl, for Ikt arll«>li< o|M'nM with 
thi> follow iiiK •ii'iili-noo : 

Dnrin); tho wholi- of tho ccnliiry our laniouiui* Iwih umh-r- 
Kono IX ccrliiiu ih-roKOtion, notorious, ililTm-nl in kinti fnini tin* 
i-orruplions of nil other nK<''<. nn<l ns fnniilinr n» lirick nuil 
Hinto, piH, mid till* nrchili'Ctnr)' of MtnlioiiN i>i|unlly Kii(cli»h, 
nntl. HpimriMilly, of y«~<ti'ril«y nnil liMlny nnil i>f n inorniw >«<on 
In mllii'r iliill niiil ilisi-oiirntriiiK pro<<|M<<-t. 

This is not priM'isi'ly n iiknIi'I of stylo : oiii> nlmost !uui(;ini<s thnt 
it woiilil Ik- |M>Hsil)li> to s<>nri-li through thi> wholo of lhi< '• Di'i'lini" 
niul Fall ■' without liniliii); n si>nt«'iii'i> whosi- oxnrt nii'niiiiiK »-ns 
<<<|imlly hnrd to ninkr out on n tlmt ri<iiiliiiK. Thi> fiMillHh old 
notion thnt thi> llrst duty of n (tmnI xtyle wns to ho Ini'iil, how- 
<<vi>r, has Inm'ii nlmiidoni>il by ninny of onr dont nuthorlt!i>s, nnd 
it must Ih- i>oiifi>ssiil thnt Mrs. Moynoll lins IIIIimI hi>r i-olnmn 
with soiiiv sillily slipshml (iihiKinisiiis. But wo run hnnlly think 
that shi> has proviil, iM-rniisi' Imd writers still niako t ho sniiii- 
orroi-s, that (iililioii sin(;lo-hnnili>il " i>linnK<^l a hnnilnil ycnr^i of 
Kii;;lish piiwo  for I ho worw. 

 •  * 

III i-oniio\ioii with th<< iMMision sidii'ino for authiir>i whirh has 
Ixi'n pill forwani liy Sir Wnllor Bivuiiit, it dix-^ not M<rni to hnvi> 
Imimi n-i-alloil that soinolhin^; very slinilnr wns plnnntMl In thi> 
iiiiddloof tho «H>ntnry by Chnrl«>« Dii-kons and tho llrst I/onI 
l.yllon. It was in aid itf Iho " (iiiild of I/itomtnr<< and .\rt." 
whoso idiiof fiiiii-tion was to provide honM>s and |M>nsioiis for 
iliM'ayeil niilhors and imintors, thnt the famous nniatoiir theatrienis 
wei-o orKniiixeit in wliieh Diekeiis took a leailin;; |Hirl ns the lM>st 
Cnptnin lioluidil that tho iiKMh-rn slaKo has si-<>n. The author 
of " Piekwii-k," at least, had a very exnitiil eonii>ption of the 
pMid thai miKht he done liy a si-heiiie of si-lf-help wliii-h shmilil 
eiicoiir«>ro litomry men in t^Miernl to provide for the neiHlii>»t 
inoinlior?i of their owii profewdon. He wroto to Lytton in 1851 :— 

f do devoutly iM-lieve thnt this plan enrriinl will entin>ly 
rhnnp> the slntiis of the liternry ninn in Knirland, nnd mnke a 
ri'voliilioii ill his |io-(itioii, wliieh no (ioveniiiienl, no power on 
earth liiil his own. eoiild elTiH-t. I have iiiiplieil is>iilldene<- in 
the si-heiiie so splendidly l(e);uii if we earry it out with » 
stondfasi energy. 1 have a siroiiK eoii\ ietioii Ihal wt hold in 
our hands the |H>aee and honour of men of letters for ii'iitnries 
to eome, and that yon are dostineil to ttc tliclr Imil and niONt 
endurin;; iHMiefaetor. 



!■ wkiHl *• Mn 

■U' i» n 
M Uwlbnil 



•M-nminntbilbiii nf rf|a|f«M«d 

niulil Im* IniliK'isI t>>li«i>, evani 

train lillU. nimI .Iic»i<i| iiuai ii 

prupOMHl boHH-^ after IIm* |i 

tlinruily ImiI imiI lii«-n lakPii Into MMMMl by ll» pmtn 

M>lM>tiM>, and llH-n> «if<< iHbtiro ako ' Hbikl arx yo 

laiy Ma for In-Ink iHirlttl alitc at Nlov««MCv J ' lor a 

Imvt «a« lhai lh« Kutbl umi Im wnrfc am Umm tor loo 

mir %ta« Ib4> iIkm- fully rl|M- fi>r ll. K«i^ amm wtll hn| 

Walter llcMinl's nion' liiMiiM'«>llkx profaaBl Utr ai 

prov Ida-ill fiiml will slivr rk«r nf |Im> alMlImM M 

pniltM-a-wMtr ifrotinibMl, 

• • • • 

TtM< llnyinarkrt raMn|ainy wn<il«l fiH ptittlf <4 
Mr SliKi/u III I'iMHifMfr if they eontiiml lb#w*Hf 
Iheir ■•|M<<H-lH>a a> Ooldaniilh wr<>t<> tbui. Bat < 
eoiiteni ilM-in. What an* mllral " tliM Iwnan ll " 
InlnMhieral wilb mmHUtmrnmry (ailbtalMaa t« lh»  
yean*. .Now, in a fbuaiti no inl<>rpuUlina ran tm kt 
tiuM' or hy aiiylblnic I'lf. " (iaca " aH>rrly dUb 
author, hy «ninp-«linK thai bi« ptrw la nnt iMtSrit<«tl 
without Ihinn. Ther<>fi>r<*. w» «a«M wiah lb<* HayaMH 
iimiiaKcr had Im<«mi a liltio man aevata ia ker^aff him 
oiM- nnd all, lo Ibe text, llaviliKiri*''^ V' "W 

wi- an' fni- to say that for lh<' n'^l il U ' il|Mi 

Miss Winifn-d KiiM-ry is n f " i irtlraatW 

nlniosi loo isMiscioiKly i.< iiac •oaa 

up in tlie henrl of Iha* eounlry. But lbi» i« nw> of 
that innst ihiI Im> loo rIoM-ly bwknl al. ll U i 
inb«>r«>nt to the play -Jiul aa YoanR Marlirar'a l«n na 
a dinieully, and oik' that ban nrxrr hrm >|nllr aatlilte 
over. It is inentliltle that if Marlow eotilil wilb hi« I 
his inferiors Ix' so lively and ■■> raai|detely al his  
lie so awkward and wi RcrvoMa In Mis* Mar«lm~ 
Mnny iihmi an- nion- at hnow* wilb Ibpir lnfi*rior<> than 
is|uals, but the iliiri-nMii-<- is mil au inaikinl aa IbU. 
has yet to ■■■Hue who enii n-<-on<'iU* tbf> t«n aMi« i4 
ehnmeter and show that his iMiislennm aianner ««• 
ehnk for eoiMlilutioiuil »hyiHin — a ehaik. b<m<>Tf>r. wk 
not the isiiimKi' to asnuiue in lb« MM-lety o( aaalpal an 

• • • • 

.Mr. Paul Arthur ia «bi»bin|t ami bamlMiaK* ritooicb 
a elever iitim*flian, no be grls alt Ihe fun out o( Mart 
lie has a pn-tty toni-h for M-ntiiiM-nt. Iihi, anil llw* «rra 
the snp|>os4il iMrinaid pn-teiuls to jwtb at IIh> iika of Ii 
so iiiistaki-n is raiseil to inlhm liy Marlow 's rvaitiai 
of Ihe fnet tliat the aiidieiiii- is laiixbinK alt Iko witil 
Kniery's i-<iniii*al feiKiiisI ti-arfuliM'-w. For owe, M 
n-nlly lakes her pni|M-r pinii- in |Ih> play, Mi<M Ueali 
makes her a wild and a very rM|pmiag aaMlnt^ aad 
ph>l whii-h <i>iiit'rii.s I tie >>wvls and liM> rltiiwawal i 
inlen>stinK an tho niit. Mr. I'yril Mamie's Hanlfaa 
the rnll-lMMli<<«l eberriiiem Ihal wv aswieiale wilb Ibr 
it in an ainnainK simly o( okl »fc>' wilk a lilllp via 
comiMMition. Mr. (tiddeiM is i-apilal a* Tnay, aail 

wonderfiillv well nrt«-il bv Mr. Valonlinr. 

• ■» • • 

Httfirri of Hitttifi, Mr. Antbnny H<tpi>'s nara Ma 

of the s<s|iiel to " Tlio Prismiior of JC<>iMla." is .1 
.lanM>>'s Thentn- iHi Kcliriuiry I, |{a-|ii>rls frntn < 
wlM>n> Mr. Alexander has lavn playing il (--r -. ... 

foretell for il |li>pillarily <s|imI I» that of tbi' \>i^ \ 

play. Zrit-*n, by IIm* wwy. will also lie rpvi«i<H, i 
iilaveil iMi ii-rlniii afleriMioiM. so thai anr nni> wIhi likr 



70 



MTERATURE. 



[January 



Am iaPkloal who'll o«><>iirml ihf ollior nifttil <liirlnir th«> 
of liaviil (inrrW'k m Mr. Wjmilhjiin'ii new llM>nlr«> 
ilat; <>\iiin|>lc '<l iIm> itn«i<li>n miw>\-nl <>r tlH> thin 
«T>U (4 itrMMkll** illa«i<>n. Itariiix >Im' mm-ih> wli<>n> HiiiHui 
li^coi. |>la]rv«< li> Mr. William KurriMi, tronlo (inrrii-k |o a 
itewrlatliin (4 |>lay-«ol<>r« ami drainalUU in |!<<rH*nil, ami KlMk(>- 
«4>r«ri* in |WiHiriiUr. Mr. ^rr<>ii iiia«lvi>r(«<nlly ail<lrowM><l Mr. 
(Urrirk a« Mr. Wvmlham. Tli4> miolako »»• (tn-ol.Hl hy the 
aatlip«r«> Willi a iHirol <>f nK>rriiiH'iil. in which llio iirlurk jiiiiMMl 
W«rtilr. Mr. Kar«»H iinni«lialoly afl«>n»Tinl» n««nm«Hl hin rAIr 

• • • • 

The titl«» ot <it»rhar1 Han|ilinaiiii'« im-w play i« not Hrliit, 
•« «■» Klatrtl MinM> tiiw ap<>. Itiil Srklxr^i uml Jun, n rniry-lalf 
mwnly, hiichly oriiriiuil ami hniiwinHiH in ■•<>m-<>|ili<>ii. It i* 
to »«» imMluiH^I iMi lh«" •.taK»' <rf tlw" l)iMitM-ht-K Tliiiilcr. Borlln. 
FmlMlily m> tiM<«lm. in Kun>|ir>. at any ralo. n<liiiii% lli<> lii);h 
ial<>llt>rlnal lovol n-arhnl liy IIm> |M>rf«miauif^ at tin- IVuIm-Iii-h 
TlMVtPr. the «rviM> (if w> many <if Haii|itniann'H ami NiHloniinnn'H 
IrinmpiM, whcrr all a|>|>laui«> i« riKonniNl y Hnp|>n>n!«<<l. 

• • • » 

A viviil |i!clnr<' nf Kt'rlin draiiiatii- life in llii' lirtj<~< !<• Kivcii 
in IIm> flml voIuiim- nf Dr. Jnliii-t KixIciilM-rK'o rc<i>n(ly piililixhiil 
•• lli-niiniiroiio.i. " (Hcrliii, X'crlair von (iciirttiirr I'm-li-l) a IxMik 
fall nf inlorot for all who an- Hi-<|iiaiiittil uilli (iiTiiuin MM'ini 
lifo. In Iho wooml volniiM* llM-n- ih an mM-oniil of llic Oricntiilist, 
Kmrnanwl Iti><it<u-h, uho crfali-tl Hin-h n M-iiKalii>ii liy Imn I'ssMyN 
on Ihp •* Talmnil." Ho l» i.uppo»c«l to linvo Kiiinri'xlnl the 
rlHirsptpr of Daniel I>>rrHula to ticnricp Klint, whom Dr. 
Ho d gal KTi c m*^ at Ha-rlin. ami of uIi<im> p«-rNonnl apiHiiranci- lu' 
fdrr* an lulmiralili- ih-m-ri|ilion. .\liont Iwo-thinli of the min.ihI 
xtAumr i« «l<-vnl<-<l to Kcnlinaml Krrilitrralh. who Iih-> lN-<>n 
calhvl tlM- " Pool I^nrPatv of the (tcriimn l'i«oplc." KinIciiImt;; 
fln>l niafh* hi* ai-<|iiainlaii<-<' in Knirlnml. which he wn« iniliic<-<l to 
vioil liy tbf' |M<rn<wl of Ma<-niilHy°!< history. Th<'r<> is none of 
hU count rjniH-n'ii ilUlikc to iiiiKlamI alM>nl Dr. it<Nh-iilM*r|;, nnil 
bin writinx" i-nntrilnitf p<-riia|m iiMin* to a IM-Itor nnilcrNtniKlinf; 
lio(«t>>>n Knictaml ami Ccmiany than any (Mililical aKr<>4-nioiiln or 
lr««lii^ miuld ilo. Wc can •tmlinlly roi-oniinemi hio liotik to all 

KNKliiih rra«l<T« of lt«-muin. 

• • • • 

Victor Hiijpi'* Lrt Misfrabirt \i now licinp playcil at tin- 
Porte Ht. Martin Tln-atre. M. Panl Mciiricj' \% r<>Hpoii<iililc for 
Ul0 ateltillir nf the pi<s-<-. which, with ('<Mincllii in the prin- 
r{|Ml rMr, pouhl ikiI fail to tiraw the theatre-Koint; piililic. 
M. Panl Menriee'o ailmiralion f<ir and rrieiuNhip with Victor 
Hoffo ilate* iMek to hi* rolleifi* ilayx. Hiion after the IKtO 
revolntina Aniptfite Vae<|iierie M>nl an nile to Virtor HnK<> anil 
TOMivetl a letter in M-tiirn from the yoiini; |ioet. Vnc<jiM'rIe"» 
nasi pmjnet wti* that Hrntmii nhonhl Im- plnye<l liy himMcIf nnil 
hi< frlhm->lii<l<iit«. Panl Menriee anil Vnc(|iierie calleil on 
Victor HuK<> to a«k |M>miiw>ion, anil a life-loni; rriemlnhip IM-Iweeii 
tlw>M< ibri-e men «ia« IIm- retoilt. In after yennt. when the |MM-t 
«ra« eiibtl. Vaii|wrie aei-ominniiil him, ami l*aiil Menrlce wax 
enlnaited with the nlitinifiif Victor Hiiicn'" |><»<thiiinon« workN. 
Hnmtp of titene rolunmi are ainwily puhliNhml. anil it in prolmlile 
llMt hy the emi of tkla yfr the laat one will lie niiiKlnil. 
AaipiKle Vae<|iierie dletl a few year* aitn, an that of the trio Paul 
Meariee alone n'niaim. ami, in apite of hi« mlranceil nge, he ia 
Ml raUraaUalie worker. Only a «hort time atro hi* own play 
MrvMiKf ma t>r"<luee<l at the Thi-itre Krantaix, ami niiii-e then 
br haa trorfced etM>n(i>lirall]r at U* MitfmUrt. 



ineannralile MuHleke, amliiNt the ennnmin Praci 

of t lii-xe TinH>H. K\aiii|ile< wheriHif an- evpn^Mt 1 
of 4 Voyciii i'oni>«'rninjr the l»len»nnt* of .'i iihii 
(I) llnniiiiK Cil HnwkiiiK CI) l>auiieInK (4) DrinkI 
in^;. l,oii<l(iii, inH." 

A SOUTH AFRICAN BIBLIOOB 

For the eoiivenieni-e of onr reailera wo 
nelei-teil liNt of thiMi' workit which will Im> of n 
wIhi wInIi to make t hemM-l vi^m aei|iiii!nti>il with 
hiHtory of South .\fricn. ami i~«|MM'iiilly of th« 
Ke|inlillc. It ilocH not profcMN to Ih> c iniple 
pnr|Mmely evclnihil liookM the chief liiten-Ht of » 
the TniiiNVniil. 

Kirtt in iin|Mirtann', of eoiirw, ihiiim-m Dr. Tl 
" The History of South Africa," hy (5. 
(SinimMiKchein, I8SS. *c,). ill Ave voIiiiim>n. Th^ 
on n ciireful si inly of tin- ri'i-oiiU of the ('a|M> (" 
n-Kiilt of loiii; mill luitienl n>M-iirch, iiiiil in the 
which I he writers of nil (he Nniiiller iiiiil niore|M>pi 
have (Imwii. The work is oontiniieil to the yeiir 
(leiils with the Dutch Kepiililics. Dr. Then! hi 
i|iiiilities of II ;ii'i>iil liiNloriiiii piilieiice, iicciinii 
He Ih, however, ilellcieiil in the power of iirrii 
has not the faculty of making; his nnrnitive iil 
P'nenil niiih-r. Tliis Ik the nniii' to Im- re^rett 
pnifcKs to nmlerslniiil South .\rricnii liiNlor 
lhoniii(;hly slmliiil IIicm' volnines. Theri- is n 
Tlienl lias wished iiml eiidenvonnsi to write li 
Scotch I'niindinii he wiis eniililiil to npproiicli 
I he hind in which he has niiiile his home wit ho 
the ri'snils of his ii-sciircli luive Ihimi lulversc 
P'lii-iiilly popular in KiiKJaiid this is at lensl all 
why his Usik hIiouIiI Ih- carefiilly Htmliiil. A Kr 
Dr. Theal'M Imoks ia tlwt he Ima devoleil in 
ciiHtoms anil Iniitouito*" <>' "■'* native nii-«*H. 

He has also written a shorter history of Soi 
" Story of the NatioiiK " Serii-* (Kislier I'm 
IKtIT) : this is much the U-st of the shorter 
iiarnilive is carried down to 18117. 

.\notlier work of his which is of in-i-at vail 
account of ■• The History of the Boi-rs in South / 
1887). .Most of this is, of coiii-se, incorporal 
work, hut many may pn-fer to nm- it in the m 
inclndi-H an acciMint of Moshesh, the founder of 
Bi-sidi-s Dr. Theal's Ixsik the other Kn-ot «o 
lion on South .Vfricaii history is the Bliii'-li<s>k 
iinim-nins, and for later history very voliiiniin 
them coiitHlii not only diplomnlic di-spatclii>< 
inforniHtioii on the ciistoins of the nallves am 
the coiinlry. 

Of other more Keiienil narratives we may in 

" The Complete Story of the Transvaal,' 

(Samriwin I^ow and Co.. 188,"i). It was written 

the ninnlry, and though not of irn-at value aa I 

i* pleasant ly wril.teii. 

" Tin- Transvaal ami the Boera," liy W. 1 
(Cliapinan nml Hnll, 181K»I, is a >rnod compilatlo 
narrative down to the pn-sent time. 

,\iiotlier useful ({iiiile to recent history is 
Our Own Times in South .\fricn." Iiv A1 



Jaiiiiury 2U, 1900.] 



MTKKATrUK. 



Hknt4-h i>rH<iiiMi Afrlcnii liiiitnry. Ur. Nobio ban klao «rritl«ii • 

xliort Ili>>t4ir>' lit Kiiiilli Afrii-n. 

Tiiniiiii; now In workit tli-iiliiiK with niiot-iul o|mm«Im, wn lia««< 
llrMl. I III' ihtIinI of llii< Kl^<ut tr<>k ami tli«< fiiuiKlalltm <■( llio 
iliili'li l{<|>iil>lii-». 

Oil (Ills llirro hiiit Intcly npiMmntl n numi iiM>riil littli- 
Work, " 'rin< MinUiry of th«< tJrtiil Tn-k," l»y llr>iiry 4*Iim-Ii' 
(Miiriiiv, I81HI). Tliiit !» Ilit> rr|>riiil of flvo li<«;lurf« Itr^l 
liiililixlii'il ill ttCitl a) ('it|M> Town, iiiial Ki^'*" III*' riiln-Ml. ilix'iiMioii 
wliii'li wi' linvr coiiK' iii-riMM of llic nii>uiiiii wlilrh iiiiliictil the 
liiM'rM l4i litivo llio Colony. 

Koi- ilin colli iiiviTNy ltc(wi<on llic ooIoiiInIn anil llio 
iiiisHioniirii>M niid lilt' itt'iicnil qui'Mlioii of llic In'iiliiu'iit of 
IliK iinllvt'H w(< hnv<< nntl a voliiiniiiouH HIiii'-lMiok, " lii'jMtri 
of tho Sclwt t'oiiimitt<>r> on I ho AlmrifrinoM," IK)0-7. It 
iiiunI, liowcvor, lie mii<MnlM>r«<<l thiit niiu'li of tli(> ovIiltMut* N 
niin'liiililc. TlioM> who winh l<i k<i Into tho i|iKiilion in ilclnil 

niiiHt < Niilt llii> works of llii' niliwioimrii'ii -Dr. .MoRMt''* 

Wfll-kiiowii lHM)k " MiHHionnry l4ilM>iir>i in Kinilh Afrira," " Tin- 
Lifi- of |>r, MolTiit," liy IiIm win, .Mr. .lolm Moffat, who hn* •Ioih' 
mirli phmI M.'i-vifc hiiimt'ir in lii'chiiaiialiiiiil and .MalnlM'li.|aiiil ; 
" Travfls in Soiilli .Afrli-n," liy .lolin C'»iii|iIm'II ; |>r. LiviuK- 
Hlonf'M works, anil " Tt'ii Yt-ars North of tht- OntiiKt' Kivor," liy 
Mr. .Mac'ki-ii/.ii'. Tln-Nt' Kivi< iiImmi k^mmI |ii<-tiir<> of .South African 
lift- as it was in tlic old dnyH, and miiii<> nccoiinl of the slrucuh' 
iH'twtt'ii till' HiM-r I'iniKrnnIs and Moni>likat7.i>. Thi- list miKhl In- 
Kri'atly I'xti'iidi'd, lint wo an< now iiion- ininii'dinti'ly intcrrslisl 
in the lati-r history of thi' Kopiililii's. 

Tlu' history of tlii> Transvaal and Ihi'Oranni' Kr»H' Stall" fn>in 
llie time of their llrst wltli'iiu'iit has not attnii'tiil thi> N|io<-iiil 
nltt'iition of hisloriaiiN, and for the |M'riiMl from Iht'Sanil Kiver 
('oiivonlion to 1H77 tho ii-jider iiinsi Im> contt'iil with tin' ki'IiitiiI 
Works wi' have onnMicrati'd. For the vi'ry iiii|iorlaiit (H'riiKl 
which iH'Kin.s willi liord ('ariiarvmi's a|i|MiinlnM.'nt as .Sccrvlnry of 
Statu for tho Colonics and t'liilH with tho C-iinvontion of Lomlon 
thcri' is a uTcat mass of literal iiro. 

First ill imiiortnneo como the Kliio-liookH— <>-2,783, which 
dewrilK's the annexation of the Transvaal ; c-2,.5:iH uml c-2,W»l, 
wliicli contain ili>scri|il ions of the state of the country after the 
annexation ; c-2,.s;t7, c-i,!».'it), and c-i.,S!H are the most iiii- 
IMirtanl of those dealing with the Transvaal War ; c-^l.lH deals 
with the netoitiatioiis leading' n)i to I lie Convention uf i'n>turia, 
nntl c.-:{,l)14 aiitl c-;i,lM7 with the Convention of I.oniloii. 

Of other Ixwiks we will pliiee llrst the " Life of Sir Bartle 
Kreri'," liy Mr. .lohn .Martiiieuu (Murray), which in very clearly 
written. .\ ns<>fiil reprint of the chapters ilealliiK with South 
.Vfrica has Im-ou issiieil iintler the title •• Thi- Transvaal Tmnlile: 
How It Ai-osi'," nntl oiiRhl to U' ri-ntl l»y every one. 

For the Trnnsvaal War we have llrst two Kmul general 
narratives " The Transvaal War." liy Laily H.|laii-s (Klinlnirtrh, 
l«K"if, which is very full with events in the interior of the 
country, and the " Narrative of the Biwr War," liy Thoiims 
Carter (1st ctlition, 1S.S2, :inl eililion. t.SlHl ; Mtyiieen). These 
must he siipplemeiileil liy Sir William Hntler's •• Life of Sir 
(itsirjc- Colley." which apjM'aiisI reii'iitly, and contains tho most 
authentic iii-oitl of the cain|iiii{{n in Xatal. Then there in Mr. 
Hitler MaKKanl'K " I'etywayo and His Whiti' NeiKhlmiirH." A 
iH'prinl of a jitirtion of thin has ii-is'iitly Imi'ii isMuiil uniler the 
title of '• The Kiist Bi«'r War." The chief value of the Issik is 
the ifcoril it jjives of tho fis'linpi of the KiiKlish residents in 
South .\fritti. Mr. AUretl AylwartI in " The Tninsvaul of 
Tii-I»ay " (KtliiiliiirKh. l.**^<l) tfives an account of the events front 
the point of view of Hie (ioers. nntl the Ixiok shonltl l>»> r«<««l 



lMii«r«ni Iho BrilUb llovrrnmriit ami IIm> TrMHvasI i 
Ibal i* iwlMMnliiry. ai 4* tnmt IMPH-UM 

mmgrti i Iha iihmI ii»; .i', «lnalini; aiik N 

MV e4l,-.>t,0. Ml.ilJ. . ;..'li. e.7.011. e-7.7NO. 

For tlw< hi«l<i«> of iIm' Jmtmmtm llaMi, u_ ..^ 
iwrralho U that |Milili<h<.al ImnHilUlHy aflt-r ttm rati 
F. K. (iarrcll, I|h< »• I' 
Hlory of n HiHtlh Ati 
the e\ i'l- 
TiiWii. 

iniiMirtaiHt'. TIm 

|iulil|iiho<l liy iIm'I" > 

an* iwrtly In KiiKllsh aiul fairtly in l>«lrli ; f<-«, •!•.• 
M><>m til have foniid lh<'ir «ay !•> KiiKlawl. Tlva iWr 
lb<< Uo|Mirl of the H|M<«-ial Coniralllm< uf Ibr llinMai <iC 
apiMiinlotl to itM|uin> inlii the raiil. 

Tb<> wnrkv which have Im-*^ imltli'jMtl anirt* f«w« 
villi' ' .li infiimwllini fmm liir iminl uf tit^w nf 

ill ' 'iiri:, ami iliiil al length wlili iIm* inienwl r 

of Hie 'riaiMvaal. Of IIm-w IIm> " 'Hani ai 

Transvaal Fnnn Wllhiii." liy Mr. Fit/; HeiiHfnar 

in iN'inif very widely reatl ; " A Wianan « Vmn in • 
liy .Mnt. Hays HainiiHUMl : " KakI aiMl !(• t.rn,. 
iMarmillan. imwi. 

All Hmw arr the Work nfrillamU ,^. 1.-.. ,- .. ■. 
of iMHikN KOlliiiK forth rlearly Ibe Ihllrli virw ami f%|iU 
(Miint of view of tho (liivenimenl of l*n-l«rU. " T 
HerinneriiiKen " (Aiiisli-nlam ami I'nHoria. I>> 
Jorisseii, a Hnllamler who took n pnanlnont part in Itu 
lions of 18t<l and INH4. sIniMis almiMl hIimm*. Tbori' U 1 
translation of n Dutch iinrralive of the raiil lir Mr. I 
lint in want uf aiiythiuK iN-tler We have lo fall faar 
Htathain, the author of  South Afri<-a aa It b " M 
KriiKor and His TiiiH«>." Ilith ilu-.u' work* an-. !>••«■ 
wholly to l»o rclioil u|K>n. 

Of Iho inniimoralilo Ihm.i.- |.,i, i-^^i,,,, ,., .••.•.i, . 
Hon! b Africa Iho |{n<nlor niiinlN>r may lie alMilnloly n 
Much the naist valiialile is Mr. Rryi-«-'s " ImfN 
.\frica," chiefly lus-niiso of iIh' inalnnsl (loliiical . 
he liriiiKs to lieiir on South .Xfricnn prolileim. 
dealini: with South .Ifriea in Sir Cluirh-* Dilke's 
Un«lor Brilalu " will slill n'luiy nswIiiiK. 



MR. PEPYS ON 
"A MIDSUMMER NIGHTS DRB. 



J<i». 14, I'JO). To Mr. Tro«> bl» pUyboMav •>. . 
nuirkel, wh<>n* iliil mh> MiJtMmmtr Xifltt's iPnmm a 
pretty ontortahiniont anil which ihilh raiMr mo to boM I 
my fonm'r opinion lliat il is an iii«i|Mil. riilir 
.MlhoiiKh indoiil Ihe pU>l \ery litliiiun, ret all «ii 
much fancy that in truth I dial sai'm lo be in tbo I 
tho whoU> limo. Ami Drtt tin' wimnI m'ar Alk«Mi ia 
inrts dill nooni to oonnterfoik natiin' tbt* aioat IImI t 
|«inte<l M'ono did. Anil all th<> little |>relly elvo* aa 
daiieint; llM'n'in. some of them llial •■an «ear<rT> Iv It 
lh<>ir nursi>n. iliit Ull im> with Kn<al i-iiulonl of Iboir fpuai 
whom llie Qia-en, ndisl liy Mailam Tn<i>. and Ibo I 
Miatrom Noilmin iliil apiH-ar iio kivelr ainl noltio a« ■II 
parts, with ilroKieit exeenliim fino, and Mislmm NWIaoa 
sinK«'r aliio. 



78 



LITKHATIHK. 



[January 



> oi RhakMpMf* vbMi h0 MMMd to ap* tho manner* of 
irfayvn of Uiia {hmmI Ump.m tnMwkteirto takoall tboolniipinp. 
of (kt> q)M>lalori for kimaplf. awl makini; as if ho Hhnulil k|M<ak 
to tlW ipvrUUiMk aflor lhi> pUy •  < nitri Thitiir wiw oou- 

ctadad. Yt>t all. an I do nay, ^-ns: _ , tin^, ami |Ih> lion aiyl 
Tlii«lM« <liil raprrtailT ranap mr to iMMrk. ThUlir being fmrtormnA 
by a atnal M\ow (<«>> <^alv«>rt by naaN>) wbo ilotk ancm to mo h> 
bi> aa Pimilins ir>n<l acliw pron in ao fmtliak a |mrl. Ami cavh 
artar in lhl» Inlrrliiilp nf the olovmw dnlh pcNm< in woarinfr npnn 
bia br<w>l a placani !•• «<>ll who he in, aa thiin: "Thin i* n Linn," 
ami ii|Hin ThialM* her hrvaat. "Thia ia a maiden," whi<-h wlieii 
ytn do eoMaMer tiie liiaty, awkward kna%-p u|m>ii uhtini 
it k»mgt batk «wh a oitnlrariety in it aa is truly full of 
|ifB| mt awtter for mirth. SIranfre. too, to im< Bottinn 
wrarini; tht> aM'a bead that niiHchie%-nnii Puvk hath aet 
■|ion him. ami a aawt marrelloas pi<><v> of work in thia head that 
rrar I dM aee in my life, with ears that do twileh ami eye« that 

mil no (hat ooc miitht think it iti tnith n ■- ^x timt iit U|Hm 

the Klaite. 

Mr. Waller, which did net the |«rl •<! I.\ viiiiler. 1 think 
Verily of miiHity k<<o<I Hlaliin> mid |in-lty iinden-taiidiiiK. and ho 
did a Rrrat |i«rt of tlw »|w«'t«t<ins. fur when lie do come on, evi>ii 
fhnOKli hi* voie«' l>e wi-nkeiietl by ii wirry rhi'tiin. then* im niiirli 
i-lap|tin;t of hamU ami rryiiiK of" Bnivo," wliirh did do my lieart 
Roiid to hear. Kor his i«w«'<>t heart hf tlo have MiHtrewt Bro<>ki>, a 
little. pr«*lty aetrow that do npcnk bravely Iwr H|ie«>che»i, and, 
when »he «lolh think Helena to have eoxpiiefl away her lovf, dotli 
|Mil un a very Kbrewivh and fler<-e di-<|M)!<ition whii-h did make nK< 
frar for Helena bor cbceks. And Mistn'ss Baird, which a<-t4>d 
Hrlma. did pleaaiimly enuntorfeit r<<nror her nailN, niid ix a niimt 
lovely, tefider ibim«*l that ever I saw in my life. Tht; reat of the 
•etom not vi-ry exlrnonlliinry. 

But I»rd! the prettlnes* of the >.cem>s do make me mightily 
to atlmire. And next to the WihmI near A I hens I do put the 
Duke hi» |MUe*\ wh«'n'in a eurions, strange revi-l of fairies Bfl4T 
the int4>rlnde. Whirh. the nio<»t pr<>|MT feiffiiinK of fairy-land 
that ever one etiold think, ia all Ii|;ht4'd bravely, without that 
the ii|KH>taton< can m-e the nK«*n<'y of it, by llie tonehinp of 
niaxieall tMind«. and •«> extinKnished npiin and all left dark, the 
fairi(>* Iwinc »r"iie, ami oiidfh'rily the li;;hts ninoiiK the »|w<'l«tors 
<io apiM'ar, ami Ihi-y, ;^7.inK nl the sIaki-, m-o the eiirlain drawn 
aad th<> phiy lliii>he<l. Klratijce it iw, and iiilKhtily like the 
awakiiiK from n dream, which ind«H>«l i« the piir|MiHo of the piny 
to iiai--n, aiHl mi vorily it doth, and tik<- a lovely, pleaMiiil dn-aiii 
that a man niiicfit truly desire to dn>ani affnin. And all the 
ermipany of ritivna and prentice* and the flne Indiex and gentle- 
awn in tlM> Imxe* did wont liy their )uitiNfa4-ti<in to Hay thero 
bath la>«>n any aueh pn-tty pi<s-« eonio niton the fitaffe. 

H. H. K, 



FICTION. 



THK LATBflrr BOOKS OP M. ANATOLB PRANCE. 

C I Anatole France, de rArada'-mi)' Franeai-e. 

Illii I. Mm liji. s :,■ in.. IKH mi. I'Hiin. IHWt. 

Oalmann LAvy. Fr.6 

PlMT* Noxi^re. I'ui Anatole France, di- I'Acadi-niie 
FVwifaiae. 7i 4fin.. :ai p)>- l'»ri-<. mm. Lemerre. Fr.8.60 

Siooa lb* daatii of Ra&aii tbuao of tliu Miumm wbo have ba4l 
■MMagM for Bortol man in French liave entniiitcil them to M. 
Anatol* Franc*. To-<Uy th« 6r»t of tha nine, the .Mii*<> of 
Ui-»,.^- I... i_»i kL I...', .at.... •■ r<l;.. " (• . i,n«l, «!.,.» U'.ltnr 



It ia tko very aimplioity of M. France'* |>roae 1 
nta>;ic and ii'iductlonto hi» erudition. KemlUiit 
which doncrilM'H Homer : — 

Ht> w«nt by the |>atli wliieli followN t)i< 

hilUidcH. HiN brow wum Imrn, luirkiHl with i 

Imnnd with a l>and of reil wool. .\l>oiit hiv ' 

curU of bin hair wiro towwl by the »e« hrcoxi 

• iinoM--wliit4> l)canl were tanuled alMiiit hi* 

and IiIh bare feet wire the colour of tl'c n 

wamloring alon;; no i iik. By hiM k{ 

lyre. H« wan callt«<l t t. he whk hIko 

.' . . . many cnlli-.l ■■•■•i liie Hlitid Man. 

tmpilH, dimmtMl l>y a^c. dropjicd eyelidH kwo 

by the Fniuko of the licartbii ho wam nei'ii-ton 

■ing. . . . Havin); walko«l all ni};ht umUk 

the ardour of tlie )u<av«ii<« should roirprifc hi 

by the bi^am of liawn, white Kyme, hi* couiiti 

Tlio Kastern landxcaie ir broujjht vividly nei 

ezquiKitu and ))olished familiarity. Tlie tall 

nioumfiil ami delicate quietude, and the wlioh 

in the incomparable charm cf M. Frame. " K< 

in a siuRulHr Umrrlrf'irrr, but without tlio chart 

Kyme. It IM a fombrc evwation of barlturic (< 

rule. The dinlopiio In-twcH'Ti Fariiiata ilegli 

Ameliropio in an oxcellent example of M. Fr 

fantastic cxcurnion* into rumoto history in whi 

is the charming iikutch of the tiirbtdcnt lit 

Hatly refuacd to ilrink the Regent'* health, a 

the amiable canon, joined Ia Hire and cap 

captain on tho tiold of Fatay. ThiH nketcli ii 

unctuotis irony awl grace which I'hanictt'riKo 

whenever he touches an ecclesiastical tlienic. 

this Kerie* of remarkable protile*. It i» tho B<ina 

<lav*, ilreaming of hi* Htar, and ruminating 

ambition. I* it fact or fancy ? It i» a lumino 

with the uuHniilysable strength of suggestivenei 

delicate |>ag08 we feel the mystery of that " ao 

heart ina<-ceRaiblo to human weakiiooa." 

The little Pierre Xor.ii-n? of the aeronil volt 
thi* article i» M. Anatole Franc-o himwlf, and i 
will find these momorion of his old life on the 
inBtructivo for the com|Teln>n*ion of the pi 
HnuRibility which he ]H>s«eii*c(i. It i» inrtruct 
proof of the im|>eccali1e iinul of M. Anatole Frai 
out in hid horror of the pietc-ntioUHneH* of 
Alexandrian liking fortlie |«Tfect little tbiiig*o 
fUya i^ttKiv. M. Anatole France is a manter c 
(ireek senso of the word. He has the (treek joy 
the Roman moaaure and prtciaion. Tlic charm o 
nian'clloUB, ami t)ie pleasure they atford is that ' 
men only his ixteta can offer. 



©bituar^. 



I»U. .lAMFX MARTINKAl" 

Kviepi nil (lie tlnH)ry that the gr<>ate>i 
wlii<-h take place in the ili(<>lle<-f , f he long I 
Mnrlinenu wa* Hiugnlnrly uneventful ; ami tl 
hiH cnrisT can easily l>e [wckisl into a few st-iiti 
Fretieh origin, d^-scendisl from a fugitive of 
llevocalion of the I<Vllc( of Naiit<-<. It may b< 
him«elf a Miigiienot in fhi- same »en«e in wli 

tf'aKItiluf . Ii.i hn.l «1i.«.1 fix* Atirrmnm lillt l*elul 



Jaimiiry 20, iiiOO.j 



MTKIIATI'KH 



 ■r PliiUwnphy ntiil PnliHnit Kfoiioiny at MmifliMlorNnwCalti-^r, 
1111(1 iirtrrwiinln l'riii)'i|ml of tlint fitUfjif. Ili> coiilrilHiliMl In lliit 
iiiiifc luiriiiiiM of (III' »'i><>kl>' n'vlt>WH niiil moiillily innitnttlifH ; li«i 
piilillMlitKl plillim<i|i|ili<nl mill ilrvotiniiiil work* " Kn<l>*u\iiilni 
iift<T Hii- ClirlNtliiii Lifr," " Typi"! I'f Kthl.iil Thiiiry," "A 
Sillily of S|iiii<>xu," tbi'. ; niiil hi' ni'i'lvi-il liniuir.ir.v ilfi|ri<«<« from 
tli« (l|iivi>rnili<-i i>r Dxrnril, Kiliiiliiir^li, llurxnnl. iiiiil l^'yili-ii. 

It iM >Hiini<\vliiil ilinifiill li>illHtiii;;iii->li iM'lH'itMl l>r. Mnrtiiii-fln'* 
riiiiiriliiilliiiiM III ri>llKl<>ii<> mill III plilloNopliii'til xiHNMilatlnii. ||i> 
liiiiiM'lf wiiiilil pnilmlily mil linvi> niliiiiltitl Hint llir> two n<<|iilr<'«l 
III In' iliMliii^ro'ilx')!' "■••I tlicy ciTlnliily nr<' mnri' i-liMi>|y Ijiikiil 
III li'iH \vrlliiiK« llinii ill lliiMK »t ri'liirioiK pliiliMiiphrni of 
Hif ly|M» of Mt-rki'li'y. |j<Mikiii|f nl III* work In it< n-li|{l<iii« 
iis|Mi't mil' rnitlit finliii for liltii timt lir took n piirlli-iilnr rt'llpnii 
' I'liltiirliiiilKiii mill liiJMiiiri-il nl it iiiilll, in xpilr of tin' opiMxii- 
tion of till' <'oiii|inrnlivoly orllinilox, he wiix nlili< to Irnvo It iiiori< 
philo<tnpliii-nl I linn In- foiiiiil it. Tlint, nl nil rvi'nt*, wan, lirondly 
H|icnkiii|;, thr cliiini iiimlo for liliii liy lilt ndiiiirt-n In liii Inter 
yi'nn. Mil (fnvit nrliirvoniont, nc<>«rilin(f to tlii>m, wn» thnt he 
ImimoiI rclli^lon not on niithortty, lint on " th*" Inner lionri of 
litimnii lifi- mill fnlth." I'hlloitophli'nlly, of <i<iiri«o, the wcnk point 
of thiH foiiiiilnlion lii>M In the fnct thnt no mnny ilifTorent, nnil 
ovon oiTctitrii', rcliKioii^ hiivi> liwn Imill upon if. There nre the 
riot ills, for exniiiple, miil the Cntliolie MyMlIci— Uith th<<«pnthic 
mill theiir;;ii' -to sny nolhliii; of the Shnkeri nnil the Mormoni. 
All these nrriveil nl their nevernl reli^rioiii eonelnxioni liy Irent- 
iiiK mere tevliinl nrK:tinient!4 nit lulmiilinry. nnil retting ii|N)n the 
revelntions of the " Inner heurt." Only in t)r. Mnrtlnenn'* en«e 
the " Inner henrf " wnn thnt. of n mnn who wns eloquent nnil 
eiiltivnteil n.H well ns devout; whenee It nntiirnlly nnil prop««rly 
roMnltisI thnt, In Little Portlnnd-strect, he prenehed to u more 
eduented eonjn^'pil ion thnn nny Noneonformist minister ever did 
licfore him. 

It will he (he liiminei-i of posterity to determine Dr. 
Mnrtinenii'M jilnre niiioiif; philosophers. Amid the ehoriis of his 
enlojji^ts we lliiil no enlopist who ventures to nssipi him n 
definite pinee in the philosophienl temple of fnine, nnd we our- 
selves have an e<|ii;il ilillirnlty in iloiiiK so. Stress need not lie 
laid U|ion the fael that he \\i\s, so to say, n self-made philosopher, 
with no proper neailemic IniininK i" the sulijeet. If he had hnil 
niiytliiii); pnrtienlnr to say, thnt wonld hnve mnlter<>d no more in 
his ease than it lins mattered in the enses of .lohn Stuart Milt 
mid Mr. Ilerliert S|H>ni'er. But the dinieiilly is to lay one's 
llnjrer on any one |ioint in which Dr. Alarliiienu ndvnncod hiimnn 
thontrlit n stn^i^ further, lie e4>rtninly did not do so in his nttnek 
n|«iii philosophers who " s|M>iid a eiirioiis iiip-iiuity in snlistl- 
(iiliiiK iieiit<'r nlislrncls for the nni-ieiit |H>rsoiml nnm<<s of " The 
IjiviiiK tJod ' " ; for this is not philosophy nt nil, Imt aomethin); 
like an nppeal to the pillery ; it proved nothing, while ^ivini; 
tholli*st iinpn'ssiou of pniviiiK n jjrent ih-nl. I'erhnps one iiiayMiy 
that he wns a philosopher niiiong pn^iwliors nnd n pr«welier nnmn;; 
philosophers. The knowhMlKe of the phihwopher wits n most 
valiialile nnnforeement to the rhetorie of the preaeher, hut the 
lialiil, of prearhiii;; wns none the less dislurliiiiK to the jilst 
mental balance of I lie pliilosopher. 

To say only this, however, would In- to Ki^e a very ineoiii- 
plete and partial view of Dr. Marlinemi. If he had Itoen a mon- 
darinp: and orieinni thinker his influence would almoait. eerlainly 
hnve lH>en less immediate nnd, h<> far as the elh!o«I side of life is 
eoneermMl, li'ss wide ; and h!s infliieni'e wns, on the whole, so 
KimmI nnd sane that one would Hot willini;ly saeriflce it for nny 
merely iiitelleotiial ncliievement, however lirillinnt. Ho hnd « 



tliiicuUltMl tnm Urn plili/»'->-'~' '-' 

Ctafonl, whf<i«, on kto Cir 

KdilreM ilmwn np by tbo «imi<t oi Halll<4 (U»4 h 

alirnatiir<«, •ntoiii: oilivn. of Tvaa^aaa. Bf«l«mln(. IlMi 

l*mfc«<M>r M«« Mnlkn-. W. K. II i »mI Mr Krfwla 



The (tHi of 1 1 Kii. 
«l| tlie wrif«*rs *if " «•) 
of 1 

ll. 1 

ll>. 

III. 

fill 

ell 

t'l I:.- 

Ill Ills Uteri 


«»-h 


.•• ■' la 1 

. HWBOVC 

T 

'••1 lani 
<t kUap 
->«• Iks 
•a hy 1 

x.-l tkl 

< • 

■1 19 


fill' _ 1 liilSSm .1.. 

|i»<msl on 1" work. II 
slorii-s. Til' •• aprinif 





wlien> if wiu born. Ho aiioiit 
his liest works w«'r« writt«'i> 



ekiaAjroa 



«J ■' (im7>, •' Th«» I. 

I . I Life '• i|H.-i«t. " }■ 

•• Tlic  
Honds 
(ItiVI), 1 

Th««S«> W«'M' 

nliiMMl f  ' 

In Kii- 

fniiii ll.. . 

Nieholns <'■ 

H|min, lti«l> , ' 

of tmvel Were pulilishisl 

" The Ship UelviiTiiii a 

AfliTwnnls he In-. 

iiieiit of Arts, mm 

Kiissian nrt. From lluit tiiiH' bi» Hurk uax 

devotnl to art mntters, for iiistanee :- - " A K 

Kii i.-nl of Art In HiisHin " (IMCI). 

II' (the inillerieii of 

eoili'i'ii.iii .. •, 

I'omnMTi'e ' 

resiiiinsl In-, h'imh-ih- 

repr«-seiite«l tyjies of I'eter 

totfi'lhcr will' 'I ii..,..'_ 



••91*, Mi 



• T 



IMi 

ll « 



I a jrmr faitar ka *' 

Ill JetuMilaai, aatf ki-- - 

biter In tka saMntal «or 
Y'-ar ill Kiirotin and Eiin»w 



Ustkj 
whieh pUee oantaln 
'•tic Kilucatlaa S" 
III the ei|{htim Ikai 

 ' ' fhal tiim 

liter pf< 



lIllIMI 



N' 



lis ilying tai 

•> atlraai 

i. Hi. r 



alitor of n I' 

of the later i 

yivirs and ': 

(.•ritforovitcli 

his two latest Inles, Ihe Inst 

puhlishiil in 1807 nnd INUH. 

Mr. ('. P. Mason, who Jias 

70, belli a lii:;li pl.i. •■ in t!i I 

lieailm;! 

hand ki 

Kmiiinmr. hu<1 Lm-.kU'-i Iii-< mi i <; 

whii'li has ihiw nearly riin'hetl ii - jn 

nwire I'leiiM'iitnry ljO">k ••nlN'tl ' 

YouiiK I''"ariMTs." He wns pi 

the M.i'  •  

iiwfiil ' 

till* Kll^ifii i.tii;;ii.i:^i'. Ill' \\.t.» •'liiH .u<'ii .T I iim'r*H 

Si'hisil and at I'nixersit vCollej^, of which lie ailennnl 

a K.ii.." 



Butbors anb Ipublisbci 



I lie I nri-^iiiuis lull in 
some of the pnhlisher, still 



74 



LITERATI RR 



[January 



Vtr Iwifv Ihat tlio ntlkvlnl t<<litU« at Mr. KwlnbanM>'« 
|ftatu« vbicli i* •iM'Hljr to bi< imnliHttl in tlM> I'nili'*! S(iit<>N inay 
iM-mkl Ikp apfminilttv of nmio »imiliir umicrtakiiii; in thiii 
mwilry. If the yovager pr>n«'niii<>n iltto* not rrail Mr. Kwln- 
barDc. nnf r<«a«n i* tbc diffifuliy antl <>x|i(>nM< i>r p>ltin{; 
laiKr4lH>r anrlhiiii; like a txmiplHo w>l iif hii< writinirt. Fiction 
or kialarjr yoa ran |:<>l frimt a rinMilaliiij; library with alnioKt 
raM|il«ta> aathAK*! ii>n : m>l «> pn>lry. Ir thix \h worth n>«<liii(!, 
il {• aNn wnrlh htiying aiHl kit'iiiiij: bi>Hiil<* oih'. Tin- wiNli to 
iakp a vulumc of faviHirito v<TM- frtim tin* kliclf ix iihiihIIv tin- 
oalcoMe of • imiiKitory roooti, riwI iio oih' wIio n-Mlly canii for 
Uw poMa vomIiI rixiurp thr thoufhil of haviiii; to Imrrow thoin in 
void bloail. ppriMpi a wp<>k hpforr th<> niiMiil for r<><iiiiii|; tlicm 
orwra. It b a ra«p nf hnyiiif; or doiiic without. Mr. Kwitihiiriio 
trnm alway* Auor hImM>lf injuKtirr, w<> think, by not mmmuk to tht> 
|MblU«tiaa of hi* wnrk* in a rht-ain'r iiikI hamlipr fonn thHU tlioy 
 I — MM* i« lib pabiisher'a liktit at pn-M-nt. 

It b «n>rlh a«kinir how lontf n |io«'t wlio nwtsi his rniiii- h<i 
vprjr lnr|p<ly lo form and r>x|>n>M>ion will Inxt. No |mn-I of iiiiy 
•KP kaa (mmIp a lM>lt<-r um> <if words than Mr. KwinliuriH- in hi* 
■nml pnnna, but few itopts luivo hail U>)« of " n nH>wwK(> " or 
ka\^ adilol l<>«s to the thouiHit of their ukp. TIio famouH chorus 
in '* Atalania," " Boforp tlic Bi-|{inniiiK of Yt-ant," liax often 
hr-ra quoted a» an instanrp of a |MiMHag<> that iiecaiii to lio full of 
mtvnini; and ypt tnrns out to havo litllf or no " rritifism of 
llfo " in it at all. Still, it Ki»<'H any on<- who caM-it for |MM'try 
r»r«« |il<<«<>un< to rrad it over nioud, iind xonH- hold this to Ih- of 
tbf i«««>iM'«' of iKwtry, Tin- wuiic is true of nearly nil Mr. 
Kwinlnimi>'» nioKt iH-autifid piowM. Th«'y np|M-nI to Iho m-mmis 
Bora than Iho mind. Krats' implry isM-nsuous, but in n <lilT<-r<-iit 
way. K<>ntK tends delijflit in the forms of evtcrnnl tliinpt which 
he <le«eril)i><l. Mr. Hwiidiurne takes deli^lit in the v<>ry words 
In* nap* rven nii>re lluiu in th«> Nul>j«-ctit upon which he einploys 
tkrm. The maim of tlu! British mce distriutt iM-autiful lhinp< 
MDleMi tlM>y fl«wrly nerve wnne useful pnr|>i>se. They have n<-ver 
^Mite p>t over their mistrust of Mr. .Swinburne's jjoetry. This, 
«•»** More tluin his youthful indiscretioiis and the revolutionary 
letiileneies of his middle |)rri<Ml, has preventeil it fnim winuiiiK 
eitb«-r the ear or the res|>e<-l of the |arf{i< public which l<M>ked 
UfKHi TennyMMi «ith a kind of ri'verentinl awe. They only came 
nniiMi to ailniirintr Morris, with his imssion for Iwauty, laM-anse 
he lurneil it to practical account by t el I injf stories and prinliuK 
wall-|iap<*rs. Mr. Kwiuburne sj-arcely ever has a story to tell, 
and Ih- nevf^ haa a M*mion to preach. He ha.H never, ther«'fore, 
bfoooM? s gmA popular |i<m>I. But he is an unmistakably 
Cmaioe poet, perhaits the Kr<«test now living. 



The qaart«>rl]r list of annonuceinonta jiial iHsuetl by Mcwim. 
c^ntain^ many inte-reHlini; itonw. Of the four new 
Mnrela inrluded two have alreatly apiM-arcd ; the third is .Mr, 
Winatmi Hprtieer ChurrhiH'a " Savrota : A Talo of tlie lU-volu- 
tiuM in Lannuiia," whlrh ran M>rlally in one of the maicaxines and 
whiek we have alrea<ly aun<MinnMl. The fourth is .Mr.Klanley ,1. 
WejTMMl'a " Sophia." On Monday will lie publtshe<l the new 
Imok by Mim fiertrude .Tekylt the author of " WVwnl and 
< a aorMMMful iMmk— <-nlitletl " IIinim* niiil (tanlen ; 

I ThouKhtJi, Practicjil andCritleal, of a Worker in Both," 
-onv illiutraliona fnan pboln|;rnphs by the iinlhor. 

ther work* an' nearly n>a«Iy. inclndini; "Th<' Mcxnieuch, 
arx-ofilinK to the R4'vi«e<l Vrritinn. arraiifre*! in its Constituent 
Itocioarala by Memlarm of the H(M-iety of Hi)it^ri<-al Tbotdocy, 
Orfonl." in two volaroea, islit<<fl, with intmtluetion, nol<-«, 



AmonK tho n<awinin|c hooka «-hloh Mexara. 
in the pn>i« are Dr. Williitm .\. Shnw's " Histo 
Church During Iho Civil Wars and I'nder the ( 
two ailditions to the Oxfonl Library of Pn 
iM'inj: •• Conllrmation," by Dr. A. C. A, H 
lliKlory of thi> Bo«»k «if Connnon Prayer," by tl 
Pullan : a lu'w Itook by I><^an Luckock oi 
Characteristitm of Karh <if the Four (iosiH'ls ' 
of Suicide," by the I{4>v. J. (iurnhlll, who n 
iinitinK subjis-t from the stand|>oint of a Clirisl 
tninslntion of Profe«sor .\npdo C«"lli's " Miiliir 
the New Kesenndies," liy Dr. John ,)oseph K 
Story of the Life of Dr. Pus«'y," by the Hull 
Ltmnler." The new life of Dr. Pusey Is not ii 
Dr. Liddon'H work, but an inde|H>ndent memn 
Msim-st of Dr. Pusey's dnuifhler, who desired II 
should Im> published, chiefly for n-iiders who <'itl 
to study the foiir-voliiine iifi* or nieniiK to Ikh-oiu 

Dr. Nanson's coiiipleto account of the sciont 
Norwegian Polar Kx|)oditiun, It«ia-imi6. will 
Maasra. Loiif^nmna. It in entitlixl " The Norwc 
Kspedition (18t):M8<.)6) Sciuntiric Rosult*," et 
Nansen. Tlianka to tho aNaiiitatice of tho Couui 
Nansen Fun<i for the Advancement of Soionc 
means fur publishinK this re|x>rt as a H|>ecii 
placttl at Dr. Nansen's dis{H>sal. In tlic first vi 
bu laHuoi) vory iiliort ly. tho autliorx and subjocta 
I. Colin Anhor, •' Thr >V<im "; II. .1. F. 1 
•liirflssic Kauna of Ca|>o Flora " : with a (•enea 
Ca|)o Flora and it« Ncighl>ourlnK><l by Fridtj 
A. <i. Nalhumt, "Fossil Plants from Franx •)( 
K. Collett and F. Nanaon, " An Account of 
O. O. Sam, " Cmstacoa." Tho charts will a| p 
volume, which will follow not very Iodk afte 
wliole work is ostimatod to form live or six quai 
it ia hoped will Ims finished in the eourai- of alto 
the emi of the work IV. Nanacn hopes to givu a c 
of the scientific results of the expedition. 



AinoiiK (he publications Messrs. IV-nt are i 
spriuK will Im- :— The completion of "The I,nr(r 
H|>eare," of which nome six volumes ar«' alrenily 
volumes of the " International Cyidopn-dic 
which will Ik' written by Dr. Hill, Master of 
Vice-Chancellor of CnmbriilKc, and l'n>fii<sor 
" Medieval Tiiwn Series." u lsK»k on Mosc< 
(terrare, also a JNMik <in Florence, liy I'^linnnd < 
author of " Dante's llt«ven." In the " T 
HoUM' of the earlier voluuwm produ<-4>tl this year \ 
" I'rineens " and ",Maud," e<lite<l by lsra« 
" Pnr(ratorio " and " Inferno " will eomplet 
" Divine Comedy," followint; Mr. Wickst4>t><rs 
" Pnradlso." The " PurKntorio " will Ik- In 
T. Okey, while the Italian t<'xt will Ik> revis<>(l 
Dr. Oelsner, Mr. Wickste<Ml snpplyinx the 
has fhine in the " Paradiso." For the " Infern 
text is us4>il, hut Dr. Oelsner is ri'vlsin); this i 
notes, so the tlire<' volunM>H will pr<*s4Mit a coinpl 
Italian and Kn({lish. In " The (iolden I<eK< 
F. H. KIlis- who edit<-«l the l><M>k for William 
|Mired, the text for tlM>" Temple Classics " will Im 
in the N|iellin({ so that it will Im- easily r 



Jaiuiary 2(», I'JOU.J 



LITKKATIUK. 



The MHne booar pmmhe • " Kronch iliittorltvl OrtimiiMr." by 

Pnifi-HHiir A. T. Bnkor, nml nln» n voliiino <•' - llu< 

ilinii'iiltlfs (if llif tviiilMillHin III ri'llKioii" oikI |Mirli' I .iliaii 

iirl. Tlii'y will iiImi |iiil>li<<li n Kiiiiill vitliiiiMi iif traiwliitliiiui uf 

•' lil-11'k I'lX'IIIH," liy W. U. I). kolllM". 

.Mt>wir4. Mm-millnii nrt' iiiiIiIInIiIiik n \«<irk on " Mnlny 
Ki-IIkIoii," l>y Mr. W. W. Hkxiit. Tlil« I* n vi<ry miiiiil<< ami 
ilcliillcil xtiMly of fiilk-inri', <-or«Miioiiinl iiliM>rvnni'<>H, iind maKir in 
tin- Miility I'riiliiHuln--« <-<iHiitry wln«r« Mnli<>iiio«lnnl<ini only 
sii|M-rllriiilly iivi'i-liiyti ii iiiiimh of iilMirlKliiiil iM-lli-fn iiiiil <-iiHti>iii<4. 

Tliry iilmi will Nliiirtly imiIiIIhIi " 'I'lii' Life iiihI (^•Iti-m of 
.\iiitinM4- IMiilli|M ill' I.Uli-," till- lili>Kni|ili.v »l n li-nilinK KiikINIi 
Kiiiimii Cutliolii- w'lio rmiiiiliHl ii CiHlfrrlnii Moiiiixti'ry tlii> llrxt 
(■••lalillHlii-il III KiikIoikI Hiiici> llir l(i<ri>riniilinn wrillfii for tlii< 
iiiiisl |Mirt liy Mr. K. S. I'liri'i'll, iiiillior of tlif " Liri> of Ciirilliinl 
MiiiiiiliiK." OwiiiK t" Mr. l'iir«M>ir« ilciilli llii- work lint Imn-ii 
<'iiiii|ili>li-(l iinil rdili'il by Mr. Kilwiii ilo Linlr, win of Hit' huIiJim-I 
i>r tli<< iiK-tiMilr. 

Mr. .1. W. Cliirk, UiiivorMity Kr-itl'^tmry nt ('mnliriilRi*. Iin* 
nililcil iinotlifr voIiiiiik to IiIm wnrkn on lilfi own Unlvomlly, 
" Olil KrIiMiiN lit Ciimhrliliti' nnd KlHCwIii-r*'," |Milili<ilio<l l>y 
Mi'>.Hrx. .Miiciiiilinn, In it rollfH-tion of li!o|rni|ililcnl skotrhf^s, 
iiK'liKliiie wiiiiiiis<M'iiri'M of Wlicwi'll mill Tlioiii|fu)ii, of Trinity ; 
'J'liirlwiill ; .Moni-klon .Miliirs (lioril lloii(;liliiii), who wns 
'riiirlwiiH's |>ii|>il ; I'liliiK'r. tlii< liiii;niKl : iiiiil (hvfii, llii> 
iiiiliiriiliKl. Willi tln-in nro olliorM who worf notiililo IlKurot in 
Ihoir own (•olloip'n nml Unlv«»rnltl««, mioh nH Honry KmtlNhnw. 

Tli)> work wliii-li .Sir Kciirv .IciikyiiH liail iiIiikmI coiiiiiIi-Ii-)! 
iM'fori- IiIh (h-nlli on " Krilish .liiriN<rK-tion ontsiili- tin" I'liili-*! 
KiiiKiloin " will Im> nil liii|)<)rtaiit nililition to tho li<<t of liiw iMxik.H 
piililiHhiHl liy tho t'lnriMiilon I'h'sm. This lixl in<-lii<l(>M ninny 
w'orkN on intornationnl law : — Hall'N " Inti-rnnlionnl Lnw "  
now ill its fonrtli I'llition ; tin* snin«> nntlior's '• Tronliso on tho 
KortMKU I'owors anil .InriKilirtion of lh» BriliMli ('r«iwn " ; 
lloilamrH " Sliiilii's in Iiiloriiatitnial l<aw' " ; anti " Tho Kiirt>|ionn 
Coiiri-rl in llu* hjittorii (^ii<>!<tion : .\ Colhs-tion of Tr<'nli<~i and 
oilier I'liiilii- .\i'ls," otliti'd by llio xiiini' nntlior, with iiilitHlin-- 
lions mill iiotox. Sir llt-nry .Ifiikyiis' \oliiini- is Immii); piibliMhfd 
iiiiiU'r llio sii|M'rvisioii of Sir Conrloiiiiv lllwrl, wliosi' siirccHsfiil 
wiirk on " Tli(< (iov<>rnim*iit of India : bciiiK n DiK(>?<( of thit 
Statnto I^w Kt^lntiiiK Thon'to," is aluo iikHiMMl hy tho C'lar<<nilon 
l'r»>M.H. 

Xoxt month Mr. Mnrray will pnltti.ih tho S4>oonil nnd oon- 
rliiiliiiK volnino of Canon (Joro's •' K\|Mmition of thc> KpistloM to 
the Koiimns." Tho tlrst volnino was IsmiumI last LiMit nnd is now 
lioinjt roprint<><l, S.IHH) having alrondy Ix-i'n sold. Tho no\t nddi- 
lion to Canon (ioro's !M>rioN of siinplo ox|>o»itions of |)ortions of 
tho Now Ti-stamont will 1m? " Tho Epistlos i>f St. John." In 
Kobriiary Mr. Mnrmy will also briiiR onl n " now impnvtsion " 
of tho sixth odition of " Tho Itnlinn S<'hools of I'aintinfc," whioh 
is at prosoiit out of print . Tho now work by Professor K. B. 
Tylor, "Tho Natural History of Holijtion " (l>as<><l on tho CiifTord 
I,.'<tiiros dolivoriMl in .\boriI.M>n in lrtH!»-i>() and lt«K>-Sll). will 
probably bo pnblishotl by .Mr. .Murray shortly lM>for<> Kast<-r. 

Ill tho spring Mos.srs. Swnii Sonnonsoholn will publish n 
work wliich aims al ooinbiniiiK tho foatni-<-s of n praotioal Kuido- 
JHHik to tho norlh-wostorn n>>fions of Ktir(>|M> nnd tho farthor 
iiorlli of tho I'olnr S«»a, with n ooinpU-to stor«'hoiisi> of infonnntioii 
ifs|H>cliii>c tho aroha'olouy, tho history, nnd );<si);rnphy of tho 
inhabitod |Hirtioiis, and tho soiontillo foatiirt's of tho North Polar 
Cirolo. Tlio iKMik is oiililloil •• Tho I'niiso of tho Dphir in 



In iMMik form by Mm' ('anil>riilj(<' Ciiltfrally Ptr 
Vi'i ' t Wo iifidiTataiHl llial ' 

{'*> i(/j*rliiiMl ami \i>rlh IiaI> 

r<'|>*'ri oil I III- iiH'IIhhI ilf It'll' 

(tiiltllohitl a fow UMHith* aK»i 
•,.;,......, )• •- ...1 

Ml 



m.bimI hi 
Th. '• 



aintidy Im<«>ii ri'i' 

VohlllMl <HI " l*^!' 

n>ady liofon' KnnliT. 



Ii 



> III 

II pi 

iiKKt* irf Ux'lun^ ami wkln' 



by tho niithor In KiiKlaiid and .VnM-rioii. 

Amonit liw> ImmiIm that MoaMrv. ('. Arthur IVnrw 
to publish this sprinic aro " HilHTia and Ctiilral A* 
Uoikwnllor. whii'h l« Iho aooonnl of tho nutbur's I' 
Kiliorin nnd Coiilml Asia last yoar, Kitinic an 
Kr<'al Trnns-SilN'rinn ami Tniti»-4 'aaplaii railo 
Kondnin," by T. '' ' '" Ion, a r«-< ' • . i,i, 

tho iiHial inli'n'si •'s of III)' I -loic 

Moiiioir of KilwHiii I 11/'" i.iKi, ' by ' ' " . ami 

history of Hrilish South .\frii'n, (••■■Ir 

Kn|{liih alMl Anivrinui snli-s of " 1; lUruni," i 

pnbllshoil liy this honao, now rxoistl lUU.OOU nipit-s. 

" Fort St. Ooorico : A Shoi i • of fbir Klrst 

in Imlin," is Iho lillo of n forlli' <>Iiiiim' whioh i 

lo o\ory simb'iil of Imlian history. To "Mm' o«l>'iil 
(iisinro, faiiMMis ns tlH' nn>l torrilorial |Mns<-ssi<Hi m«|ii>i 
Knitlish si'lllors in Imlin, is lo iho hislory •>< I 
is lo Iho hislory of KiiKlaiid. It was IIh' 
Knidish town of Madras. It siill ■" 
a ntimlN'r of tiovoriiiiH'iil olUis^s, aii<i 
Insips. Tho wrilor of tho pnsM'iii i"»>i> is ^Ir- r , .. 
nlri'aily known as lh«< nnlhoross <if Iwn AnKlo-lmli 
I" Tho l<oninno«> of a Nauloh (Sirl " and " Cnsto and 
and Iho wifo of the Bcv. Frank i'onny. Knrrixm rhnpli 
St. ti«>or(to. Vrvf »ecmn has Us'ii had to IIm- nt''-'- 
HI. Mnry's Chnn'h nn woll an to Iho ro<sinls of K" 
(>no ohnptor is dovottsi lo " Klihn Ynio (who hnl 
of th«' fort and who gnyo his naim* lo Yalo I'nivoi 
Mayor's Court, nnd Othor Mnltors " ; nrmlhor lo " Jolit 
Visit to Fort SI. tS.s>rKo nnd III' ' . of His Chih 

third to " Clivo, Duploix, IIh iiion of Fort > 

lo Iho Fr(>uoh in 17'46, nnd Us Sir;;i by Ijilly In 17 
illiislrations ar<< many of tlM-m original olohiiiKs. 

A k<><mI ranny (ruhlo* tn tho hw nn tbp liahllily nf 
for nooidonis to thoir sorx'ants w<>rt> ralli>(l into oxisloi 
Worknion's Coin|M'nsntion .\f't of 1KU7. But on I 
qnoslion of th«> rolation of iiwi.i,.r n„A ...rt .i.t ii. 
ros|Niiisibilily for his si-rvniit's 
lM>on writ Ion of Into. Twi> now . 

snbjo<'t nro lioinK pro|Niro<l n jw^hmmI ofliiion of Ihi 
Mnsli'r nnd S<>rvnnt," Ity Mr. John Mnothmoll. oi 
Masters of tho Supn-mo Court, of whioh tho BrsI islilioi 
in IHKi ; nnd n fourth tslition of MoKsrs. itolN'ris nnd 
sliKhlly suinlU'r work on the " Duty ami Liahllily of Ki 
llrsl pnblishoti in 1S8.'>. 

Hoi-i'iit ovonts must nuiko ovon tho layman oiirion 
oxnot •■ Ijiw Kolntintc to Iho Cnrrinf of <tia>ils by S-a. 
tslition i>f Mr. Cnrvor's . " » Usik with 
nnnounotsl. Mr. t'nrvor, l \ , disriisM<<i m 

n n-ooiit nnmlior of Iho ./ • Ikr ."fcn-iiHjf w i  

f.r</ij/<ifi<>ii, whoro ho rox ii M thrown on llM> q 

tho Inlorimlional I^w Ass.. :.ist autumn. 

" A Motnoir of Profmnnr Charlisi To»nliii>«in." hy 
Mary Touilinsi>ii, is ni-nrly rt'ady for pi' . an 

issiKMl by .Mr. Klliol ,Sl<s-k diiriiiK tho pr< - >ih. 

Moxsm. Sitnds nml Co. will shortly piibli-li a no' 
tJisirp" Mivnrl. F.K.S., ontitlo<l " Css«ii> ami Manor.* 

'• '^ fo, lh«> Man."" i~  of a ntody bj 

(•oldw 'hiohwill Ih> i iu llM last ir 



LITKH-Vn Hi:. 



•luimary 



BUfour anH i'<iiu|auijr. 11. Kraal Ijuir, K.c'.. Iwvu in 

l.nk <«lUtl ■• How U> U>h tbr S'AUOiuUity <•( Old 

ty (lr««i»K« will ahov thp clianioU>rikUo« of 

 'rlKill. Ulll|{UI«Kl-, m 
"i Ihf Itovnl Ci': 
<*," uill In* |>ul>li«li<-4l tit llio 
.'<I1i<mI liy rriii<-i|ml Khyit, with 
r KlivH will aliw iiavt' 
II'. 



1 



1 


•' DiKtrllHilimi iif 
!*li<>rtly |>iil>lii>li uilli 


.III 11 M'tl 1 • 




IIH'Ilt 'HI H H>l' 

.. ..• •■■•< 


! .1- 
I ..i i...lil- 



\ 
t 

I 

Iltr 

Mr* 

■nd I 



i vnliwn ill nil ImrKliK 

1. > r . " Ill wvi'nil |Mi|>ci-> 1)11 

lhi> Mll||iTl. wiitfli will Im> linHiKlil l<iH«*tlH>r In IiIm lumk. 

ICi.< 

liM tif ModuinicM." Iho liml \imr\s of IIm* 

lailM <i (i.iiii. I, llt-rlx, l*nifo**<>r of IMivtioM in tht- riiivi'rsity 

III Ifatiiii. will .iliortly Ih< |iiil>li>li04l liy Mf-or-.. Mnrniilliiii in llii- 
 iithorin-tl KiiElish traiislnlion by Mr. I). K. .I<>iii>h, ni>lrict 
|ii«)Ms-i<>r iiiiibT (ho IW>|Mirtinont i>f Sficni-i" iiml Art. iiml Mr. 
.1 T U .il.v K. :i,ivv iif J<>t.iiH <'nll(>K*<. Cniiiliriilj^', itiiil Iii.<-liirt'r 
llif I'liivfrsily ('ullrj^' of W.ilt'M. " The 
I ini<*>< *" fomw tlw IliirtI mill (■oiirliiilin;; voliiim" 

«i< M<*na « rollwloti w<>rk« iiit <"«lil«"«l liy Dr. Pliilipp I/i>iinr<l. Tho 
•ml l»T> volumoH. •• Kiwlrii- Wnvot " nnil " Mi'wollnncous 
Pap)«rH," have iilmiily IwN-n lniii-<lHt<'<l by Mr. D. K. Joiios — in 
mllnlmratinn. in the* no<>«ii<I riutp, with Mr. (i. A. S<-liott. 
H. v<w llflinholtii. in hi^. ititr<xbii-li<in, i'\|iltiins llinl lliTtx. in 
Ibo prt-^Mit Inwli-to. npiiii •<liow'» h«w' stnmtr wii* hin infliniition 
In lak«> « with* view nf M-iontiflo |iriiici|ili-s nnil to ilotliirc nil tlif 
itf>|Minitf ?<|in'i.nl lnw>. of tho .toioiK-f from n Niiip;lo rnniUtiiiontal 



lav. 



Atiiilhor ixitoworlhy tninxlntion fn>m tin 

M<"-^r~. MiK-iiiilliin nr<< iiImmiI Io |iiibliNU i>i t 

I v>n /ittol'x " To\l-lMN>ki>r Piilnonlol 

iIihI iiikI <><liloil liy ChnrloM |{. I<^isliii 

 iim iif t''>Mi|inrntiM' Z<«il<i;;y lit llnrviiril 
n>\ iitftl mill iMibr-^-i-il liy till" iiiilliiir iiikI ihI 
tioii. Thi> " < • ' ■i)nlolo(ii<'," 

lHi«iM <>r tho |ii< III in tho Hpr 

nfU'r tho tNiiiipli'i It'll oi till- iKtIi iiml Iii4t viiliiii 
(■(■U'lintltHl •• lliiiiillitifh (lor l'Hln-iintiili>i;i<'." 
i-ollont trHiiNlntioii oxisl-. in Fn-nrh by H.irroiN. 
iiiioiiilcsl III Ik«uo n strii-tly litornl tmn<.lHiii)n n 
but, with Iho iinthnr's cDiitonl, tmwt of tho fh 
oiiliirttod mill bt^>ii(;hl, loi fnr hn |H»niblo, ii 
M*hs-li<4l ImmIv <>r rj ov|hm-Ik, <'<HiM<<|iii>iilly tl 
tho work i> II ciiiiiiMMito pnMliioliun, I lio iiloii II 

ImS'II to llllupt tho lOXI IIHiro 0>|HM-illlly III III 

.Viiiorii-mi >tiiili<iit«. No fowor lliiiii l.lTd wimhIi 
.\iiiiinc Iho iilhor iilni-ntiiiiiiil work., wlilrli J 
will slmilly piixbioo i« tho nooiiiiiI °nii<| oimipI 
" Kiichl riiilippio OniliiinM " of IIomiimIIioiioh, \ 
nnil orllioiil iiml f>vplniiiitiiry null's liy llr. .Ii 
tlrst |uirt w'UM pnblishoil in 1897 anil oiini|ii' 
Philippio " ami tho " Throo Olynthi»o»." In t 
tho four riMiininiii); s|M'4H-liosaro inolmlisl,' 

Tho (icriiuin Kiii|HTiir lian ooiiforroil Iho 
KiikIo (ThinI C'laxs) ii|M>n Pr<>r<>!w<ir Hin-hhoiiii, i 
Lniiibin. 

The iiitrotluction to the new edition pub 
Boll of "(iiilliver'n TrnvuU,'' which w« roviuwei 
Mr. (i. K. IkMin'i, not by Mr. I<tN-ky, ah we «tii 

NVitli roforoiH'O In our Hiinoiinoi'inonl la 
StioriNl Vi'iir of Jnbiloo,'* by tho Kov. II. Thii 
wo ili.i»pril>o«l KN a bovol " which praoliiiilly mil 
of Iho l*n|Nil I'nnrt," MonNm. KniiiU, Iho |>iilili 
wriU' to xiiv that ll is oiilirolv historioiil. 



LIST OF NEW BOOKS AND REPRINTS. 



ARCHveOLOOY. 



Tha Mlpa«« 



ied 



CtUas. 

^ i{..- K. I" <• >i. 

llMYorkahlPAAn ' ai 

■oeiMir. It. -..-'I ..^ 

XXV.IcX" Ilolmrm. 

•>*L. m pp. 

frtatcdr u. 

BIOGRAPHY. 
Loula Napolaon and Ma- 
damolaall* da Montljo. liy 
ItmlTi It, s.i'iii jiiuKiil. Tmn»' 
latnl 1.) )- lirtl.rlj ■; Mitrtln. 8x 
l|ll>.. JU p|>. I.<»l-I'm. ivt. 

lliitc-liiiiMin. 6*. 
DRAMA. 

CHUalMB. H) J. T. 
alxttaL. aw pp. IxKMton. 
J. Ummc. »•. ad. 
IDUCATfONAU 

Hichap Bnirllsh 

71 ' Jin,. .T'. p|i |..Miil*r1). 

CbajBbeni. >. 
Oitrmtomrwo9»L IV. 

J. Hammitml. iMackwood'n 

" TestoJ TKilln.. M inv 

____.-_ ^-l- ^,_l-i»m»l. I- tU. 

A CmmmMovs Oamuui 



Thnouirh Pipe to Portuno. liy 

Mf  r. ;j »Ailn.. :«i«pp. 

!>!■ I'liwin. IW. 

Yaoii <awood. Hv M. K 

/•'rd/i... , - :>lll., ilCI p|l. IXHldoil. 
l!*ll. li(mi{IIIHIIM. Am. 

Out of tha Huply-Buply. n> 

Mnx Aitrlrr. i('lif«p ICd.l "Jx 
4]iD., SM pp. UiimIoii. IWU. 

^^•^^.^ I.nrk. (M. 



s«. (Id. 



The T. A 
H) 

(i;: 

AbM M 
■Ions. 

InliMl b> 
S>S lip. I 



I 



■|>. 




tiagpao 
Tnin«- 
-'•in., 

• .'.■\-,-. ,1 . ikl. 

HISTORY. 

Hiatoplo PapalUla to I'AITalpa 

Dpoyfua. n- ' ~ -<.<i. ;j» 

.'.In.. M pp. I- 

Babytonln'-* r-'nna. 

Life Bn<! II 



PICTION. 
Tll« W«rld'a ""• ^-try. 






■fK.'Vlltl.. ;. M'l' l.'iliil'iii. l».* 

Vrwiii**. .'»•. n. 

NaUU: Tha Land and IM 

B i or y. Uy HoIh-h n><"ru. ;) x 
Mn.. W» pp. I.«ii<liiii. lum. 

l>iMil. >. Idl. II. 

LITERARY. 
Richapd Warnar'a Proaa 
Wopluk v., I Till. Tniti«1i«'-l 
by ir. ,i. /■';.. '<• .'.|lii.. XXI 

UVpp. I.<'iiil'>ii. I'll. 

K..-.1M I'l.il. Ifc.8cl. ... 

MILITARY. 
How to Road Wnr Nawa.\Vllh 

i« iiifiw..t' I •'(•hnli-.it 

T' nil-, l.'iiidiHi. 

IMIi. 'Vill. ■«. 



Lambkln'B Ramatna. Hr H. H. 
Ill' 111!., i.t; pi«. oxf. ' •■■ 

I'miiriil.ir- nf ih. '^1. 

ACantupy ofScleii. . . ••■x 

K-vMi)*. H) J. /•'iMK'. ^■ '1111., 

liT pp. Ixiniloii, l!«lli. 

Miu-tnilinn 
The Human Pace '' 

nf <'hnr»<-|4T ftlli! 1 1; 

M. li.'v. U» «. ll. 
Illii., 'bpp. I.<iiiilon. ■'.••I 

OluUhcr. 1". M. 

NAVAL. 
Tha Downfall of Spain. A 

\»\nl Hi-tory of llu* Si>.-ini««h- 

Aiiii'rlcjin \\ iir. Uy // II'. Iri7«<iii. 

l»lAH)in., XV. • t'll pp. I.'iiiilnn. lUtl. 

.'^nniii''ini l.«»w. H*i. n. 

Dimka and Hta Yaoman. Hy 

J.finrniK. 8''.^iill.. tl.i pp. I.111I' 
(Inn. lumi. MiniiilllaM. 8«. ikl. 

POETRY 
Thought 8katohaa.'Hr IF. Airfr. 

Tl^iilll., iVi|'|'. I,..iiili)ii. l!««l. 

.MIcM |iM. M. n. 

Natupe Plotupaa by Amaploan 

Poets. VA I'v (".' /.' Uariih. 

't'.Slin., xlill l.nii<lnii. 

t1<«i. 111. .'». 

Hplea fpom i .'.-.,> i . i. Hy K 
harpe. 7A||iii,, ,t.> pp. l/mdini. 
I'jni. (ilni'-hi'r. 2>..6<l. II. 

POLITICAL. 
ThaPpoblemorSouth AfMcan 
Unity. Ill ll /;,i.i/ l\,>r^ii,h(. 
I, in . Ill pp. 1.111, ilnli. I'.«>l. 

Alll'i.. tbi. II. 

REPRINTS. 
On tha Old Road. Hr John 

HutUin. I.L.II., \<' 1' vol... ,l'--'ll>  
UK- li'-'pli. I>.-..I.H I'." 

,\ 'I. 

Tha Spanaap i*- 



The Chlawl< 

Thi? WliiliT'. 
Kil. Iijr Joh 
IST + IHpp. I 
I 
The Life and 
lotte Bpon 
Vnl. I V.I \\ 
Mm. IIiiiiiplii 
.'•Ml p|i. l.nii(li 

SC 
Expeplmpn' 

SI, lihri, 
l.iMi(lilll. 

A Manuul ^ 

l«l« T. J. f> 
anil \y. A. Ill 

71 xSln.. XV. ( : 

soc 

A HIatopy ol 

VA. \U\. H 

;i>..'.liii..:«ilp 



Amoncat th< 

Hv ••/7." iHi^ 

IIHIII. 

THE 

AShoptHlst' 

In Qpaat G 

lliiilfii. 
I..'1mI"|i, 
The Holv 
Sepvlor 

US.-. > 

I'.imi. 
ThaTaai' 
In Hia 

f.iirl III 
i.nililnli. I.>><. 



TOPO 



^itcnitiuc 



Edited by 'R. II. Sraill. 



No, lll». HATlUliAV. JAM AKV «. IIOI. 



CONTENTS. 



fttlK 

Leading: Article Ixmm'n »o IJt«>mhiti- 77 

Poem •• MriiiitwiMxl. Jnn. at. l«n" H3 

Personal Views " l« it tho Voti-e of (he H<lniol- 

iimNtiT?" I«y II.tImH Pnul j Kl 

Literature of the War >«» 

Tennyson and the Old Annuals 87 

Reviews 

Nol.'s nil S|H>rt and Tiiivcl 7H 

Till- Kriinri>-(ii'nniin Wiir TO 

Ill-lit rill- D'Ksto. |)ii<'li<>Nn of MiUlt .' Ht 

SliKlii's ill DfilirUlioiK HI 

Other Naw Books 

|jiinl>klii''< Iti'iimiii'- llrniinnii vim Mnlinhnlli Otillinm nf 
HnrtArliiiOKr Tli« l>iitliuluKy "t Kliiollon« TheO<ifiini .Mi>l>iTi< 
lli>« In Kmul War Nowh lllatoiT of SwlalUni 81. Kt 

Plovlon 

.So Mlmll Ml' Ui»p- A nintt i>f thi) Mam Thi- Koruxkon « ajr— 

Willi III 111" Ili'iH'mtlon- Tho l«it Holr-Tlw IMiii-ch Kivlheni 80 

American Letter, liy Mr. W. 1). HowHIh 88 

Library Notes Oi) 

Obituary 

Mr. Uiiskin «> 

Mr. It. 1>. HIni-kmore-Mr. (I. W. StcevenM Tanon Hlxon ... 92, {IR 

Copp«apond«ne* - " IliW RniwnIng • VotiMt"— A Rotmn 

I'lilliolii' View of " I'adliiaiiil KmiioMCfi " 98 

Notes 78. 84. 85, 80 

Authors and Publlshem »4. OG, QU 

List of New Boolcs and Reprints M 



LOSSES TO LITERATURE. 



All Kiiglii<li winter, lifaring it.-* refiirrent gennn of 
(liHentie, Hwell.H, h.^ does a military cami>Hign, the (ieath roil 
of those whom the nation can ill atford to sjiare. Iteth 
disease and war have lately done their work, and no jiart 
of tiie nation's life Im.i suHered more during the last few 
day.'< than its literature. A career completed or a career 
In^gun are alike to the inexorable mejisenger of death. 
In the centre of the seat of war a keen and vivid writer 
ha« succuml)etl at Ida ]X)8t to the perils of a beleaguered 
town. iSIr. (i. W. .*^teevens had, we are sure, his greatest 
work still liefore him. That cannot be said of Mr. 
Blackmore : nor. vigorous as he was to the last, of Dr. 
Martineiiu. Mr. IJuskin, the greatest of them all, 
wati a ligure rather of the jia.st than of the present. 
Hut in each of these cases we have lost something, a type, 



PubUah«d by thf Zimti. 

joomaliiit but an Oxfoni cIumI**! whalar of h 
tinciion. In thin we do oot mj, of eoonr, ' ' 
unique, but the tyjtc ii one w» vookl glail 
common. Mr. K. I). HIackmorr had one •ai«vti 
M a lit)>rary man for which hednnTMoar wpMk 
lie wixluNl the public toJudg» hitn mMy by hi 
He would not connent to Mtimuiate their inirm 
by appearances at literary dinner*, by intarrfM 
supplying paraftraphii about hinuelf, bin haUll 
eamingM to the I'reiw. 

The deaths of I>r. Martineau and Mr. Uwk 
a loM of a far gmver kimi. For N>th of tliem I 
WW no mere art to be cultivated tor iU om 
still lew a ' profemion the siiccsnfnl ponait o 
might lea<l to fortune. It «M Car th«n the v 
a meaaage — a memf(e of no upecial or limitei 
but concemerl with the highaak aaid moii siiiritad 
We are inclined to diiAnMi the didMtio atjl*. 
without juRtice. Teacben often have a p ew o nal 
gain, and their arroganoa leads them to 
and error, but other rival teachers, (h 9 
dice against preaching outiiitie the pul|iit, agaim 
ture with a puqiose, against the ethical view 
Huiikin, who refused honours and deliberately 
himself of a. large inherited fortune, obvioo 
no personal end to ser^e, and things »ol { 
abuses not private rivals, were the 
invective. Behind the fascinating stylist, th« 9^ 
of artisti<- truth, the anient social reformer, lay « 
greater than all : the earnest, single-minded, ei 
man — an idealist in practical life no leas tliar 
worsliip of the beautiful in art and nature. T1 
remain, hut the man {lasses away; and literstun 
by his <ieath a loss which is not measured by tl 
place in the kingdom of lett«-ni which may he mn 
Ids bookK. Still, it must be rememltered that hk 
ality, though no longer prenent, is stamped a; 
works; that the man himnelf speaks through his boc 
directly and clearly than almost any other Englial 
To this his influence was partly due : isutly it i 
traced also to his incomparable style. Rut his he 
the pnblic attention, from the time when he be| 
publication of " Modem I'aintem'' at the age of 
four. wn.« mainly accounteil for by the Oact that 
.•ioniething alvsolutely new to say. 

That beauty is one whether it be foond iz 



78 



LITERATURE. 



[Jamini 



ih« fTfaUoM of one or two tocieCiM which omt)- on » 
difficult ■Iraggle for |>opuIar recognition. The inills of 
oar picture gmllerieti i^how, iiKl«>ed, proob of a careful 
obMrvation unmatched even by the great {minter who was 
tot Raskin the Ktauiinnl of extt>Ilent*e, Hut they, too, 
ollen outrage the higher principle* which he inculmtetl, 
and hi« teaching is neglected, if it is not derided, by tlie 
critic*. Morri", ahoae vieWB of life and art ran so closely 
l«uii]lel to Kuskin's, lias wie]de<l a far more practical in- 
riueni<e. Tlie ItiLskinian social economy is still scouted a» 
gn>te«k|ue and fanciful. Huskin, one is half inclintnl to 
wj, has foagbt and lost. But he was in too real a sense 
a martyr to the truth, and truth so vindicated will some 
daj rwart itself. 

ThnI ri«-oni flow into the ara 

Is IniM and wnsto, thr fooliith any. 

Nor know thsf ImicJc thoy Uml their wsy 
l'n»«>on to whoro thoy wont to \tc. 

Nothing is more ini]ialpable than influence, and through 
many an unseen channel the stream of Kuskin's idealism 
may even now be flowing to swell the current of en- 
lightened progress. 



The ]>as.sing of Mr. l{uskin suggests rather pessi- 
mistic reflations. Wliatever the value of his writings, 
they, like thoM of so many of his contemporaries, aroused 
controversy ; they stimulated incjuiry. Scarcely a decade 
of the past century lacked its note of stir, its distinct 
place in the history of thought — either in religion, philo- 
sophy, tdenoe, art, literature, i)olitics, or social movement. 
What will the historian find sjiecially to interest him 
to-day under any one of these heads? Compare 18(X) 
and 1900. At the former date the air was full of move- 
ment : there was " the sound of abiuidance of rain." In 
1900, so far as the things of the mind are conceme<l, the 
heavens are a." brass — not even a little cloud like a man's 
hand breaks their arid brilliance. A]>art from the war, 
and from the march of mechanical invention, are we 
thinking abnat anyttiing, or creating anything new ? 

The death of Mr. Tirebuck.a ca|MbIe novelist, though 
not in the first flight, reminds us that LiveqKxil — where 
he lived and worked — is one of the few provincial centres 
in which, in recent years, literature has l)een actively and 
mccewfally cultivated. Two of the most useful members 
of the Liveqnol School, as it was sometimes called, ditnl, in 
the prime of life, a few years ago. ( >ne of these was Mr. John 
l»vell. who was not so much a writer himself as a cause 
of writing in others, printing their contributions freely 
in the Lirrrpotil Mercury, and claiming to he the 
" diaooverer " of another IJveqiool luminary, .Mr. Hall 
Giiae. The other was Mr. John Ashcroft' .Noble, the 
critic, who xhowed indefatigable energj* in drawing the 
attention of the worM to the literary achievements of his 
Ijveqiuillian friends. Tlie principal surviving members 



M. Hnysmans knows as well as tiie inven 
that it is not the " habit " whiiii makes 
conscience is dear IwH-nuse lie makes 
becoming a monk. He settles down a 
gate of the monastery ; and as for the ref 
resjionsible. M. Hrunetiere moves to 
stages no less easy. He has actually 
N'atican, where within a few days he is t 
I'ontifu-al Palace on Hos8uet,tlie philosop' 
and the union of the t'hurches. At a 
Unmetiere tat jactn Horn. The sugg* 
]x)ntiticating critic will eventually retire 
and, having obtained the caniinal's 1 
candidacy to the Pajial ("liair, is not 
Knglishmen may fancy. The evolution \ 
be a logical one. 

There is something characteristicall 
announcement that the French Minister c 
tion has commissioned M. Catulle Mend 
official rejKjrt on the j)rogress of French ] 
nineteenth century. The result, as M. ( 
a clever and brilliant writer, will no doul 
ing contribution to criticism. It would 
to be still more interesting if the task hm 
not to a single critic, but to a sel(>ct coini 
who would have cross-examine<l witnes 
lishers, reatiers, and reviewers — ^just as il 
ducting an in<juiry into the ravages of tl 
the decline of the French shipping ind 
might have looked forward to the pro<luc 
and minority rejwrts. leading up to a ve 
tlie banis. As it is, we shall only get ej 
of the (lecadenti, and a biographical and c: 
However complete the dictionary may lie 
that a great opportunity has been missed, 



IRevlews. 



A NOTABLE FAMI] 

Notes on Sport and Travel. My 0« 
ley. With ji Memoir l>y Mary H. KiiiKsli'v. 
Ixtniloii, DDK). M{ 

It is doubtful whether any fatni 
endowed with all that is best and mo» 
(jualities we esteem es|)ecially English e' 
the Kingsleys. Perhaps Henry stands 
rest in literature |)ure and simple, for i 
the fervent piety and humanity of ("hai 
times playe<l him false. And if " West 
remains one of the books that all boys 
style is in no sense etjual to that of Henr 
he was at his liest. Now .Miss Kingsley 
in this memoir and collection of her fat 
<itH>rge Kingsley was the e<|ual of his 1 
some ways the finest and most reprei 



Jiiinmry 27, I'JOO,] 



MTi:ilATlIIUC. 



miiTifl frrvour that ti(><l (^non KiiiRoley to tlie labdum 
ol' tliH Cliiinli. TliUH he iiUhh[ \)t'iwt'^u the two 
brothers, niid MiitiHiied both iiiiieM of hJH iintuiv ; wliih* 
the wnnderiii^ Mj>irit of the Chun-hiimn wmt but hnlf 
I<mI, iind whih< llenry Kiiij^sley no doubt felt that in 
tiiiiiiy uuvM hix life liiid been wauled on the long 
grey {ilainH of fnr-oH' Au»(riilift. How often (Jeorpe 
Kin>;i*ley reproafhetl iiinixelf for jjiviiijj wiiy to the a|)))«*nl 
of fnr mountain and Mtreuin and (K-ean will \h» (jueHxed 
only by thoHe wiio, like him, have heard the call of 
nature and yieldeil, or have lieen strong enough to ntay 
where obviouH duty jiut them— not without repining. Hut 
ivt-n if(M'orgt' King.sley knew that h<' was Htniining the 
tnoral xiiie of hix nature wiien he hunted in the west or 
Mailed the wild Houthern seax, he wan a line man, with 
that touch of the primitive creature in him which ap]iea]ii 
to all the world. 

It is (litKcult, and here happily im|K)Hsible, to Rpeak 
of (leorge Kingsiey and his brothers without referring to 
Miss Kingsley, who is in some ways the most fascinating 
of the whole family group. This volume, so far «» it 
contains what her father wrote, is pleasing and profitable 
enough to read ; but his In-tter work was done else- 
where. To .Mi>s Kingsley we owe the bright and 
.s|))irklii)g huiiuin story of the man, which is written with 
knowledge, lighted by atTection, and strengthenetl by 
rare and |)eiuiiar symjMithy. She — who is his daaghter 
in this resj»ect, too — says that (ieorge Kingsley was a 
Tannhiiuser :— 

The spirit that helil his iiiiiiil in thriill uiis no one (ctxIiU-^H 
of one moiinttiiii, l>iit the Knlp-ist (Jocthe knew i if. . . . Tiv-ilny 
it is not the Kril^eiNt that cliariiiH men's mind; it is the hniiinn 
iH-iiiK thnt (Mithnills. Jx't Mu> hunmn iH'inf; Im* never so fcelile, 
Hiililiy, liiiU'ons, or |SM>r in spirit, it stanils hi);lier in (sipnlnr 
estoom — mon> inl<-restiiiK thnn n rushing; rivor or h noble mouii- 
fain, or even than tlie jrreat ami ile<>p sen lts<'lf. Most pe,)plo 
novvailays ««>«■ in the hnman iM'injj, however |x>or, thi> sih»,miim<m — 
nay, even in the very nn|M>rfectn»>MS of that »|H.'eimen somi'thinjf 
greater than the tremeniloiiN heanty ami majesty of non-hnman 
nature, an<l holil the human liein^; a thing ever nearer to titxl 
anti iloan-r to Him. (iivirjte Kinpiley <li<l not «•<• things thus, 
ami very huiulily I think his view was the right one; hut I 
(h'simir of ever making those whi> are umler the thrall of the 
human lieiiig umlerstaml ami sym|ilithi7.i> with one who was under 
the thrall of the Kril};oisl. 

This jwsRage of Miss Kingsley's, though not written 
witli the entire clearness one would desire for the thought 
contained in it. is one that should strike much sickly 
sentimental dualistic philosophy hard enough. George 
Kingsley was essentially snne and healthy, and such 
monistic jiliilosophy as his will never tlo auglit than clear 
the world of cant and false religion. For his philosophy 
was lived not writteti — i)erhai>s not even thought out ; it 
was an impulse of sweet action, not the dividing thought 
of the man who merely dreams, lie love<l the healthy, 
for he s<»w they were the go<Hl and happy ; he loved the 
ways of health, because they led to sane wholesomeness ; 
lie loved nature and the world-spirit liei-ause they jtointed 
out the path of health. .\nd jierhnps his only conflict 
with things as they are lay in the fact that the lin l.> wa:« 
not complete from health to duty. 



delight. A bear in thi) Roekim, evm if he m 

silverti|> for tliM true grizily, m w« Ml»p*et, ii 
blood tin)(l«: the world wiu a fine plac* {,..l~«.i 
Miw iti« traclcM, or when lie heard hi* I 
invite the amorous momm into the open win, a uii 
call. Hut he did not give hi* «<mI to *iinrt unljr : 
niankiml, and the Hner th< -n tb« gm 

pleasure. 8ome celestial t from a 

planet might indee<I <|uote h: :>tioiM of : 

or Texas Jack ai* pictureti of kujim-ih,- ijrpM of inl- 
and wonderful creature, man. Ami among aneb I 
fancy that Ueorge Kingiiley himaelf might veil ha 
a placi*. 

IVrha|M) her father's writing may have heen r 
ble for one or two Mli|N« in the printing of the >"-' 
surely Mim Kingiiley, who in herself an 
scientific hunter of fish, muj>t know that ** gmm« 
l)e written " grains." It is a tiv»>proiig«d fbhHiif 
is usually descrilwfl by the sailor as a t- 
"trident." For the strong point of the seala 
not etymology. 

THE FRANCO GERMAN WAR. 



The Pranco-Oerman War, 1870-71. Ky (inn 

Olln'r (HllriT» will) iiHik imrt in lln- ('iiiii|Mitcn. li 
luul I':4lit<-<1 i>y Major-Ooneral J. F. Maurlco, 0.1 
nuiiidinK WiMilwiili Itistriii ; Wilfred J. Lons, 
KiiiK's Hoynl Hitli-s : and A. Sonnenacboin, Kdit<ir 
British Meet." 11) l^Wll., (Ki |i|i. l.,i>ndoii. IMD. 

Sonnanacbfl 

Tlinn((h it U n«»w iienrly thirty yenmsinep the Kmnci 
War, and lhoii|;h the pn>i;rf>m nf inventive acience ha* i 
many re<t|>eets the <-<md!lioiiH of wnrfare. yet the kMoi 
;;n>nt ennfliet will nt this intunent nttract many mMlerm 
ho|H> to read the fiitiirt* l>y the lifcht of the p«.*t. Mi 
ehmnii-l<<rs of the ntni|mi|^i hnve lH>a>n eitiM>r Inn toek 
t<Mi voluminouN for Keneml retulini;, or elup bavo eOM 
their atti-ntion u|H>n epiH<Ml«>M, with a aKWO akstek in • 
the print'iiMil events. It hno lieen left to Major-Gearral 
t'.B., to act as siMniMir to the vnlnme lieforo on. "The 
(•ermaii Wnr " is a txink which prenrnis a cnosecatl*" ' 
the war. inielliKihIy ami in^phirally ilpnoritieil h\ 
(treat drama. It is onriehe«l with very niimeroit* 
and trnnslntetl from the (iernuin l>y (Seneml Ms 
Captain Wilfred Ixmk, ami Mr. A. Soniion<«'li<>ln. wh 
whole, have «lone their work r«»ry er«>«litnMy. 

.K deeply-interestinj; I 
lendinj; to the war, liy rVx'i. 

of the lioyal Arehiven, pre|>am us fnr the o|M*ninic 44 
trajfeily. After Prussia's brief but triumphant rampaiai 
which flrxt provnl the temiMT of the we«i|xio faohinonl i 
skill and |>atience by Von Moltke, Na|>nln>n III. mw 
moment was fast appmarhinKW'ben Kraner, «> hir Ibe Ard 
Power in Rnn>|M>. n-ould lui«-i> to try cwnriaMmts witk Ih 
of KiiniK^triita. We loam acenmtply from tlM> kMnrjr 
how little his for»~,i({ht a«-aileil him ami how ImmHv Fesni 
to aeenunt the few !<hort yt«r» yi-t h'f t" h«T fnrpr»-|»i 
the inevitable war. In the inlaaMil < 
the nation!!— Prussia mnscious of h' 
ambitious statesmen : France joaloas, i: 

anYifilla In nntol Ilia, .li«wat i«fl«wl Kv , 



80 



LITEKATIKK. 



[Jaiuiury 



tlioiiv'li untiimllv uith 



imalHMis 



Ilk*, ia Imc« ««U dwrriluHl 

Mm to tkt> PiBMlin xUfoc. 

Tlie cntitmrt hc t w wu Kiwncb luiU ^u'riiMii 
MoMllMiMin b M|Mwtelly totoiartlim ai tkin 
OanMujr ««> m» tk« quiol. nnl<-rl>-, but <*xinu>r()i 
lirag w — «f tW> Mobilbniiott. All iNMKt'nutl lin<l In 
IraiiMxl Ut IIk* task : Fvt>r,v ilctail, cvtii to llio milwaj- liiin*- 
lahtpa, batl lw«it ran/ully \»t>rk«><l out lH>ron<hiiii<l. Citrffiit mid 
pntHm eaJ<>ala(io«M luul ilctonnimNl iho i-\nri |M»iii<iu ami Ibo 
Mta«« 4«tlc( at pvcry offlrrr aiitl man ; aiul tvllliln ct^^it iIa^ii 
Ike armira <if H r iawiiy w)>i«« nn Ihoir Ycny t<i the fmnt, niiii 
<*i|C<il <la,v« lal<>r iw u in lh« praitintiK nllnti<>0 to ihcm on the 
fmalipr. 

In Kninr«> tht* olalo irf lli!ii{r* uiih very tliffi>r<>nt. InNtcnil of 
fmIi unit. Ih> it inbintry l«tlali«<i, i^valry nt;inMMit. or l«)t<>ry 
t4 artillpry, rMvivini; at It* Ktatioa the laoa, horN««, and wlorca 
m|ain<d to Iranafw it fnxu a )■<<«•>(> to n war footiiiK -the proopaa 
«Uek ia tannd " ■ol>iliaati»n "-and in'>l(<ail of Ihc anns and 
elolUnc '■■* tte fcaervf imii bfinic storod with tlwir units, tlin 
trao|ia *vtv hurried t<> the front juHt na thoy vki>re, while tho 
reaerviatK. who had Qrwt to gu to tb*> depot, poMsilily at«onir 
di*tane<> fmm their hotite, to get their annn and c<jiii|iinenl, had 
tkPn to aeareli for tlieir cnrfe the beat w-ay Ihey <'iMitd. To ndd 
to tiM WMAMrioii, the railwaya — not. aa in tJermnny, pre|>ared for 
••ch a rriaia — apei>dily heeaine IdfX'ked. Troo|w and stores on 
tbeir way to the front if>t nii\<><l up at the junelioiiH in inextric- 
able ««)afMiian. witk the re«nlt that the end (K July, wliieh sinv 
the Geneaa amlea complete in every detail at their all<>tte<l 
atetia«a, lowid the French tr<>o|m quite unready. Many corps 
had Bot received their reservists, many >»-ere without their xtorea 
and «*coa«. many wY>re insolHciently siipplicMl with ammunition, 
who* baUad thaai the railwayw n«re<l with a seethini; turmoil of 
eonfaakia, aad the pr>pnlace, frenxied with excitement, liuwied 
for a apeedy awreh to Berlin. Such a possibility as a repulse, 
marh lam a acriova catastrophe, never entered their boada. 

Of the t«M» aiiiaa Um French wnw in some Mapects tlio 
.lietter armed ; th» ahanacpoi wan aniloubte«lly a dar an|iorior 
tveapon to the naedie-fian, and in tlie mitrailleuse, the precnraor 
»( tha deadly Maxim, they lia<l a weapon from which irreat resnita 
were expeetad. But their artillery WAS inferior Ijoth Inmatiriel, 
in fommmtt, aad te taatics to iIihI of (icrnuniy, mid this war was 
to prove ineoateatabljr tb<- omnipoUMicc on the JMtlleiield ofwoll- 
aerrad and wvll-haadle«l ariiUery. The Cermnns may l>c 
I aa the orininatora of the prearnt system of an artillery 
I o( the attack l>y the nuwwed iMtteriiw of thvaaaailnnta, 
roaplad with a peraiateiit advanoe of ttic »nins from poaition to 
IMsitioa aa the iaCMiUrjr won ila way forwanl. The Unit Napoleon, 
indeed, had iHuidled Runa in maaaea, but no one liad aeen 
ariUlotr haadlad with such iMtldnesa and with such dlaragacd of 
iaCHHrjr laa M th* Oermnn artillery ahoawd at Oravalotte and 
Mai a la-Tef. Till than guns had baa« ragawiad aa aomcthing 
MMTed ; to loaa gaaa in aelioB waa aa diagiaoaftal aa to loae a 
ndoar. 8mIi ' aoMoaa wen iaeaMiataai with the taking of the 
1, aad Iba Oermaoa taoKht us that it is bettor to 
v. mmommrf to loaa, yoiw gnna than to keep them out of 
bane's way at a dhrtaaoa fruai tha aoeaiy. The war abo saw a 
renttHtion ia the taotiea cd inCaatrjr. In IMS tho tiermans luul 
to laeo the Aaatriaa araacbvleadar. Tba tootioa which suited 
sarh a weapon only Inritad diaaator wbaa oppoaed to truopa 
arated with a rile like tha ahaaiapal, aad the torribto iuaMM 
whirh the fierawa looepa eadnmd withoafc flioehing In tho aariy 
td the war aOM laa«ht them thai a widiicaiion in thoir 



"nia book b well worth reading, and thi 
t<>aches are still of value, chief aaaongat them I 
bravery can avert defeat if the offl««ra are oa 
|>eac« or if tlio bomls of dis4*ipliue nro rolased 
|>opular cliuikiur. The cours«> of the cmnpniir 
followiHl by tlio nid of excellent ninps provided. 



A PICTURE OF THE RENAIJ 

Beatrice D'Bste. Duoheas of BUlan. 
ItciiaisMaiuc By,rulia Oarti^right M-- }' 
XX. -fSHTpp. London, ISINt. 

Those wh<j lulniin- .lulia t'lirtwriKlit'i. lU'li;; 
— and tiu-ir name oU|;ht t4> Im> I^>Kioii— will h 
le gee t that shu Iwh tmnsferrtsi her researches 
Lo«b Qnatorae to the most brilliant peri<Nl of 
For freshiM'ss of style mid innst(>ry of the si 
deM>rvi>H ti> U« eoni|iHr<sl witli nmny of thoae h 
a'liieh liave athtriied French liti-iiitur*' jn til 
nutlior iiiiKlit have Kiveii Iwr IsMik a wider tit 
lis iiiucli a^ life of Lodovieo, *' II M<>ro,"tlie able 
Duke of Milan, ns it is of his youthful nnd fiisci 

B4-<itrice D'JCstc was the younger iluUKJitci 
scholnr-duke of Ferriirii mid of tlu> ticcoiiipli 
AraK<iii. Part of her cliililhiMMl wils s|M'iit iit 
Kriiudfnthcr, Kcrdiiiiind, Kiii); of Naples : nnd 
at home, she liad opitortunities of ac<|UirinK th 
of the KemiiHsance. At the ngt^ of sixte«-n she 
of Ltsiovico Sforrji, the virtual, thoOKh not the 
tlii> LomlNini capital. Mrs. Ady, who lias mnsa« 
of Milan, Mantua, aiul Fernini, has dniwn fro 
pictnre^more complete, we think, than ha 
attempted in KiiKlish-of the sis-ial life, the i 
brilliant imK^-antry. the k«M'n intellectual i 
ilistinKOished tliiw cities at this splciHliil e|KM 
is dcscribiiiK Iho iiiitHterpieces of ]HiiiitiiiK ai 
churches and monasterieH, or the country seats 
tliu Milanese, her work is no mere compilatii 
lM>st original nnthorilies ; she is s)M'akiii); i 
]iersoiinlly seen. Heatrice, the heniine of thi- Ixs 
mill K'^a^'io^'^ tliture. (^isti(;li(inc, in liis fanioii 
miys that. noii<> who had kimwii licr would eve 
lliid in a woman the highest nieiitnl tt'^ftH ; mid t 
voluiiK', which descrils' her Court life and I 
Venice, emplintically conllrm his Words, it i 
]M'rhaps. to as<^'rihe to her early d<«th the sulmt^ 
husband, for that was due to far d<H>))<>r causi-s ; 
her was so int4-nse that her loss seoiiis to have 
his most dniiKi'rous (M>litical intri|nies. 

The jKirtniit drawn by Mrs. Ady cf 
nntumlly enough, rather too fnvoiirnblc. Hlu' | 
him nliiiiiMt entirely as the iiiunillcent )introii 
Branuuite, the M>Hton'rof the I'lii versify of I'avia 
if t<H> " HUiiiptiioua," einls-llislier of his capital < 
histories this siiie of his eharartor is t4Mi oft 
tliero is another aidi% with which his bio(cra|>lii 
roiioern herw-lf rcry d«>eply. His conduct t<ii 
may have Ihnmi simply what, she r<>pr<>seiits i 
siilmtiliilion in siicli tiiiiist of a strong |s>rsoiinli 
was Isith wi-ak ami iiica|Milile. itiit notliiiii; 
profoiiiiillv iininoi-al, or, in tlin result, more di< 



.Iiiiniurv 



1900.1 



MTKKATrRK 



i-. till' I'liii r I . . iMok llwl, III llfr iKi •'( LimIovUhi'ii 

li III' I'lmriM-li-r mill Iht it>lii|iil>u.i>>ii l>>i lii» htf, »Ih> 

IV N«<<>M IiIn {iitillx ill lln>lr triH' |irii|ii>rliiHi, We «ii «•!> 

•hijk', ill ii.iii'lii-|(iii, tliHl Mn». Ally will riillll llir liiiU |ir<inii>4' "f 
liiT pi-ffm-i' i«inl givi> IIM, iMt n n>iii|iniii»ii liirtiiri- l<> tlii» |»>rtriiit 
of Hfulriff, It " nliMly " of Imt ni-itiniitlinht*!! nlntrr, iMalfllu, 

Mlircllinlioni of MllllllM, 



I 



THE PATRONS OF OUR PARISHES. 

Studies In Dedioatlona ; nr, Kiitfliiii(r>< I'niron HniniM. 
By Frances Arnold-Forster. Thn-c V'.>K. it', .*><iii.. 
XXV. tOOi I :■») . I.'>7 |>|>. I.01KI011, IsiRi. Skefflngton. 30,'- n. 

Tho iiibjoc't of churt'li fltMlirnlioiiii in no iiit<<rvstiiiK Uiat it in 
ntriincu wo nhoiild liHvo hwl to wait till now for « roiiiplftii work 
thurxoii. Of livi'M of till) HnintH tlii>r«< iiri> (iloiity, l>ut tlisy Imva 
to Imi MoiiKht ill many voIuiiumi, wliilii tlioir rvlation to tho 
)>nriiilii>it of Knulikiid in known only to tlii< antii|iuiry. Miiw Aniolil- 
Korst<'r hnM thim <lon« ns n iIoiiIiIp N<<r\'i('i'. Slu< liim (■olln!t4al 
tho many curioiiH itiilo-li^'htfl ii|>on hintoi-y which tliHliiiitionn 
ali'nnl, hihI .s^c linn ^ivcii iin iiiont ri'itilnlilo livon oNiaintu not to 
mention tho othor diMlirationit which iklmiit two thoumiHl of our 
chnn-hiw \war. Tho tank iiiiiat havo involvwl an viKiniiouii ainonnt 
of i-art<fnl lalHiur. Tho third volnnio la dovotoil vntiroly to a 
ntatiHticiil mimiiiary, a tnhiilntud imlox of U.OOO cliurelu« with 
tho ihHlirntion, county. diiM-o«o. iind (loriod of onch, and an indvx 
of nniiitN. Such thoroiiKh workmiinnhip in am adniirnhio an it in rare. 

" A j;n>i>t doiil of liiddon hidtory. a ;;ront doni of tlioolo)nt-, 
iiiid many mniill |w•r^onnl oxperioncoH," who roniindn uh. " nndor- 
lio tho thirti'oii centurion of our Kii;;lii«h churi'h diKlicationn." 
Thin in not only tho cant- whoro a Nurnaino ohviounly formn part 
of aomo quaint old titio, an St. Miircarot Monon. nr St. Konot 
Shorehop, hut ovon in nonio modem inntancon where tho aswM'ia- 
tion in lens apparent. Few people, for example, know that 
Holy Cronn. in St. Himoran, wan no dodicntod (1876) in memory 
of Conimoiloro Ooi donou;,'h, who wan murdered by tho s«vaj;on of 
Santa Cruz, prayini;. liko another Stephen, that ■' nomo f;ood 
C'hrintinn miin " nii;;ht lio sent out to " tliono |V)or natives "' who 
had woundinl him to tho death. Perhapn not many Amoricnnn 
aro awaro that Boston owes its name to tho ohnmro hormit-ahbot 
St. Botolph. Some dedicntionn of early dnto are memorials of 
our connexion with Frnnce : the inhabitants of Bixley. in 
Norfolk, for inntanco, bear witnrss by their ill-sounding patron, 
St. Wandro^isiliun (which even our author has misspelt once) to 
their relations with tho aliliey of St. Waixlrille, familiar to 
travellers in Normandy. There aro, n;;ain. other aaints which 
dinapiienr on cloner invontiKation, to ^'ivo ]>lace to tl>o landed 
proprietor ; in Bratton St. Maiir we have to see the ducal house 
of Seymour, and the Kails of (Mare mvvo its name to tho SutFolk 
parish of Brndliold St. t'laiv. In tho eighteenth century the 
varied dedicntions of ancient times had bocomo iieverely liniiteil 
to scripturni snints, with some exceptions that are attributable to 
more iiuindano reasons, such as the niniiorous St. (ieoryos and 
8t. Annos in honour of tlio rei^ininj! Sovereijtns. 8t. Martin's, 
Kenny Stratford, was so naiiiml because Browne Willis, tho 
nnti(|UHiy. who rebuilt the church in 1724. had a )n°<indfather who 
hiid ilied on St. .Murtin'n Pay in St. Martin's-lane ! We lelieve 
Miss Arnold-Kor.itor will find that tlto church of St. Anne, South 
Lamboth. is a similar instance, and that tho title is not nncon- 
nocted with a laily of the Beaufoy family, which has lonp been 
coniieotod with the district. We can find something of the same 
kiml in connexion with so ancient a naraonaire as Kiiur Harold. 



join, 
inC / 



i at 



Mary tim VtfKtli and I' 
' whkb la fainiliar to all af 
' Mary at til* Atm- ean%tf 

..II ail.., i,>.,l,abtk ilo MOt r«a 

.-tiitnU U 



Um 

Simii- ._, . ^ 

the axu liiire con 

which til* nl«v«i Ui '•.,«.,. 

One of thii moat »xtra<>r<liiiary 

Ami' who wan llie eleek of Hi. AllMt. TIm atofjr 

the iim« I" Aihwi'a hoaaa aaahiiiR • (vieat «Im 

■heUeriiik. ami that h* HrMMol htmaaH ha Ike kN 

(•i»i;i/ii/iii/iij) bclonk'ine to t)ir |)He«t atxt «lMM<Ve4lnl 

Tho uiK-ritioal writer* of tho X^aa aalaail 1 

eii|ilHinioiia name of tlie i^nm't.' iSad ap Hi* pf 

hi* caiiiitii*e«l uloak, wboen anliaiMiMaiit ailrontiirw thqr 

at much len((th. 

Wo hava of late ynam imiarisotl from tba munataaooi t 
of the oii:litt«iith rautury, ainl tho l>ulk of our nati clin 
■pn<ailinu aa iiit4<r««t in ('hriatiaii biatory witiio«it fall 
upon iiuilievnl IojivimI. Tbom ar« atill, bowovw, 
curiosities ; tho Bishop ol Nortii Itakota, ia Amari 
cathotlral in a railway car, whtth be takra all oval 
dioccso. and it is called " Tho Churcb of the Advaot." 
straining; appropriataaaas to ao Ana a poiat aa U»t. tka 
of now I'hurcliea can oaailjr find (raah dadieatiofia; far si 
naiiKM ut tliat of St. Ju*Un Martyr. Ht. Lao tba C 
(ite^ory N'luiianxus, Thootlore. ami Monica, ami f}rl>"'-* 
as yet, iinconnoctoil with any Kngliah churcb. 
tliat remain* in a K'^nlly one, and the pwriahea of ¥■■ 
to supply the astonishing omisaionn of the Prayer-I> 
Not tho least of tho i;<^o<l point* of Mis* Armdd-Konlcr 
that, in ilealiii); with tho liven of the saint* in thi* 1U( 
};roupe«l them aoconlinj; to their '■ ' -vsUai 

S4tints, Kn^'lish bishops and V .a, a 

and Colts, and oven child-sainta and medical aaiiita h 
place among her tifty-two rooet careful and intarDatinf d 



OTHER NEW BOOKS. 



Aa Oxford HumourtaU 

Perli:i|w. .since tbe dajra at tka OiffwW 8ftf*»»tr, 
more aiMiining haa come from Oxfotd, at any rata la pr 
Lambkin's RKMAI^n, liy IL B. f\'in<'«>i>'> Oxford. 2*. ft 
iMMik in more easily n<ii<l than <k>ncrib(<d, bnt it may he • 
a satirical biography of an iina((inary Fellow nf an > 
('olle)i<>. Wo am tcinpte«l to say aprioanly tkat Ur. 
has liofii fortunate in a blofrraplirr who haa baaa 
appreeialo bin charactor .t " ' - I'taroa, CMajra, and 
II. B., the author of tho ■' |. Book of BoasAa," i 

known n.« a huinouri.>il. t'ei new book iabnaaw 

lH<|tiiiiiiii|; to oihI, aiMl ii<<> n tbu footnoUa W 

gravely ln.<H>rt«tl i|iiil« in tb<> manaar c( anre poaderaai 
Tliort* is, for inntami<, a chamiins eifciiawt aatiality abo 
note aa " Th'in pn.<<na)o* Avnn ni>t (or tbe Latin Pniae in lb* 
.Scholarship nt I810. It was wtm by Mr. ilart, aow CI 
llie Waiiiniakfn' Company." B«t «i ••«» dtans aai 
cannot i|iiuto tb<< nbol<> iMmk : but wm> aMwt qaote amaeof 
from Mr. Ljiml>kiii's " ivasay on Sk<>p." ia daligbtfal : — 

r •• natara o(al 

be (li- 't Itot I 



8S 



LITERATURE. 



[Janua 



n* kook aim eontelM mmw> IvIUbutt tm« w wong n^hn thinga 
• "XwwMcaIr," nn lh« »uli}oct "Tlw BoBSAtB I by 

, MptvUlly in ronnoxina with the Bectrl<- i . ' For 
ha(h>ii> th<* fnllowring; qujilniin, (l<<»i(:ii<<<l to prove 
tha»**Th« Only II."- "t irnnwi.iiv i. in s.. ■....,.... • »i>iil<n><> imrcl 
tolMit:-> 

Only bi« « mi i «8 wp do not know «KMi|th. 
>l'h«M Keieoce has diaoorered ■nwwUtiiuK mora 
WV ithall be happiar than wa wei* before 
8a WMdii thi* aiial " Warning to Britain " :— 

Thou art a ChrisUaa OoMaonwealth. And >-o( 

Be thou iHit all unthaakftil — nor forgot 

Aa ttMHi pxulltxt ill Iraiierial m^ht 

The l)etM>nt» ut the Kiwlrio UnM. 

The bink ia a lirillUiit aud iu<ilIoii!»ivv |iioM> u( frivolity — the 
boit thing of it* kiud that iro have w<uu for a loiig tiiuo. 



HKEMjtKX vuM Hblmholts, hyJohnC. MoKptidricIc (MaNtcrt 
of MnliriiH' Srri«~<, I'nwiii, 'M. M.), diffors widi-ly in chiirnclpr 
fnXH iltt |>r«iU><t<M>i>nt in tli«» sunn- MTit>s. TIh-v liavc nit bct'li 
hiagt«|ifcicnl aiMl have iioiCNCHacd the iiitoroNi- Kr«>»t<'r or Ivsa, as 
the maa nwy Im>— iN-loiif^ni; to (lorwuial <-linnu-t<>riza(ii>ii. In 
PrnfpNHMnr MrKciMirirk'it study of Holnilioltx the |H'rM>iial 
ckewat ahrink* to tho aranticNt |iro|iortioni<. Wf nro jii-it tolil 
the bare oatline* of bin life, the datos of hiH birth niid dpntli, tlir 
appointaMWt* be held, and a fow other f»<-ls, but only nwci or 
twice are we allownl tomtcb any i;lini|>NCor the K"'iit physifiHtV 
peraooality. rN>rlia|M tho fault d(>o<i not nlloKCllicr lie with tbf 
writer. Hclmholtz only die*! in IWM and no projicr blitgrnphy of 
hiai baa jret appeared. But to jud^c from the prpfn<-o it hn.s 
been Profeaaor MeKendriirk'adolilicratc rhoit-c to uuiko tho book 
ratlier a record of M-icntillc discovery than a biography. He aaya 
that Helnihfilts *• would have iiiMtinctivply rccoilp«l from 
biugraithical rp\-ebitioiui of a pun>ly |M>rM>iial *-hara<>t<-r." Very 
iilnsly ; but if that ia a roaaon for 8upprcw«iiiK tlioni it in a 
reaaon for aupproMing a good dosil pIm-. CVrlninly Holinliolt/. 
wtwld bare " iiiJ>tiiKtivp|y rpcoilcd " fromi tlie oxtravaKiiiit 
ealogiea eontainrtl in thbt Imok. To nay that ho was " the 
graateat aaater of nMNlirino tho world haa even upon " U to do 
hbn a poor aerrioo. C'hani|>ioni>bi|M should |jo loft to prizo- 
fiKhlont ami biryplUta ; they are out of pUoo in tho apliorc of 
intellcctaal ac-hiu\x-incnt. Plapiiif; men of KPninii in nn aliMoluto 
cvder of Merit ia a barren amuacment at all timoa, and pcpuliarly 
ineongraooa in regard to acienoe. What tho writer mmna in 
that Helmholtz'a work apiicaU to him ppraoiuilly with exceptional 
foree ; and the carpful, rlpar, and full apcouiittt of it that ho 
givea abow bin to lie a thoruUKh majiti-r of the very difficult 
Any one wiahing to know wlmt H<-lnilio|tz 
i eoald not hnve a better intide. But w<- wnm the uii- 
■ttfe reader that ho will nnd itno holiday t«»k. Thcae pxikmI- 
I whieh fona the bulk of tho liook ht*- nolhiuK hut a aoriPN of 
Illy aliff Irrtunw. Thpy arc nopiimarily wi from tho 
natnra of the mattrr. Hplmholtz «-a« a phyiiioloKii>t by tmininfc, 
h«t a phyairiiil and inalhpmatician by nature, and tho prolilpina 
towbirb be deroted hi* .imiueni>e inlpllectnal powi-r with auch 
brilliant anece*— notably optica and aco— tlea- iii\o|vp<l tho 
apfUaaUoaa of tbe iMiat abatniaa matbeawtiral principlm to 
pbjrfiiluglUBl enda. In truth it reqairoa more than an elementary 
kaovMge of both to follrrw him at all, which I* the more rpawm 
«f*jr a book intended to inform tho general public altuul him 
abonM bn lightened by aonM bnnan int«reat. 



to maa and aiiimab ; (3) thoae apecial to cart 
and (3) thoae peculiar to man alone : troatii 
uniform plan. Mr. 8t. t'lnir Syninien haa <!< 
proparine thia little l>ook for the FlnKliah i>r<< 
Ite calloti a trnnslation, for alUiough ita i<loni 
iieen inaintainni, it containa far moro vhIuhIi 
tlui ori);iiuil. lYiverviii); tlw outlines aiui t 
tho Fn>iH-h work, li» haa really Imilt up a r 
book ia daintily ^ot up. jiroriiaoly illuatratei 
matter arran^jed in abort |Miragraplis for caay 

Thk Patiiouhiv or Kmotiumm : Phvhioui 
STtiiim, by Ch. Krfrti, rvialored into Ki 
(Univuraity Pruaa, Watfoni, I6a.). Dr. FtW 
KniotioiM " is a wi<)l-kiiown IhhiW, writt 
«|H<cialiat. Aft4>r amno chapU-ra on the RKniTii 
of liuinnn i-Mi>>tii>n lio da-ala at li>n;;th wit 
hysU-ria, iifunu<thonin, t'pil<>)My, liHllucinati^ 
of mania, ilt^gencrHcy. and i;<-nina. ao far an 
with I'liiotioiuil atattm. TIk- *Tit«'r"a viewi 
clinical n««nlB which ar«> iiiatructivp but nol 
Thert' an' hImo chaptcra on the medical trcatm 
of morbid emotion. The utility of the wi 
present form ia marred by the extrnordinii 
tranaliition, which kIiowh a jH'rf« t coiiti'mpt fi 
combined with an iinperfuct nuwtory ovur tliu 

Thero wut a liiiw when it wait the iihi 
aulhom to ffvt their workH prliit<Ml elm'whcro 
eoiiiitry. Many of lionssenu's Ixioks, for cm 
in Holland. Hut thai was in llio dayw w 
trying to st<>iii the proKrexs of linnian thou( 
men of li?tler«. Nowadays Kreiieh laKika 
priiiteil in Kii|;lniid with explanatory uotoM fo 
eollegpi*. From tho ClnriMidim I'ress, houx'VC 
TiiK Oxroiiit MoktkEK, without iiot4>)i, in t 
ordinary p<lit ion ia olfpii'd for i'm. ; an (nlitifl 
|m|M'r for Ua. ((d. ; ami n niiniatni-e p<lition, i 
]Ni|)or, in four volumes, lltl<'d in a eatte, f 
taken from tli<> Pditiuiis of MM. Ku|^-iio 
MoMiiard, publi!tbi.-<l in the " L'ullection dea C 
U France." 

How TO ItKAO Wak Nkws (I'nwin, la, 
military tcehnieal ternia nnd IihmiI African 
It will lie nw'fnl to those iiiilitnry eritiew d 
hnve lately dpnouiie<><l the War Oflleo lu'eans* 
outmn|;e<l by tho eneniy'a (;'""• of position. I( 
though, anioiif; Dutch phra^«>M, we miaa rmi-fxi 
in a brecr.y atylo iinuaiial in ((loaaaritw. 
ahrapnel, for inatanee, wo road that " a amall 
put in to provide a little exeitement when tho 
And iiniler tho hendinf; of Na\*al Krinade wo 
"itulo liritannia " writiii(;. Thiia : — 

TliP KPcn-'t of tho bluejacket Im Nlnipli 
If a hill cannot lie got round, it ia got ove 
>j<> ((ot ov<>r, it la p>t under: if a hill enniiol 
got thniiiKh. Pr<NliKid of lalMiiir, H|M'iidlhril 
of r<>Miuree, a man of the Naval HriKHile ia t 
im-lliml only- lie niuat lie ahot down. 

The lNK>k has a eolour<*<l map of ihi' wal <i 
iiM>nlary chnpler on the |iolitieal aituatioii tak 
volume in tho " KtOry of the Nationa " H(>rie« 



.\:> 



IMI:irv 



I'.XX). 



LlTERATUBli 



BRANTWOOD. JANUARY 20th, 1900. 



TbiiH Im tho (r<>ai«iir<* hoiiM< lio mntli', 

Sii|ii<rli, to hiwiril IiIh trttiHiirx KtnrcN. 
Till- miwii-limiiilitl oorriilorit 
Arc iiiiUt' : llii' Nlmilow of n Hluitli< 

('iihlmU'rtHl HW«>(<pii frimi room (■■ r<N>iii 
Ami tiiriiN till' imIuco to o toiiili. 

O, Ntill, lti<« clurioii-volci' of M-orii 

That niii(c to Hpli'iidiil Iidim'h ami niiiw! 
Yot M'o ! (hi> Kntiliml wiiitluw Huiiu** 
Ahmiiiiii< llir coIoiii-imI Iiiich of iiuirii, 

Till' Willis K>^>^^' trc>iiiilli>iiN mill bright, 
ItfHIHmitlvn to tlio out«r IJKlit ; 

'I'm ii iiliwoiico, Hiu-li n't nIioiio 

On Ityiliil Wnlcr, siiriM't IIIIimI, 
To Kilvcr of nil oviMiiii);, Htillitl 
I'lKiii till' iM'arl i>r CoiiiHtoii : 

Art, iiitliii-o, (iml, hIiovv Krriit iiiiil \vli<>l<> 
TlirtiiiKli tho tmiiM|>arciic<< of tlim .soul. 

ICTHKL WHKKLKK. 



personal IMcws. 

— « — 

IS IT THE VOICE OK THE SCHOOLMASTER? 
• Tlie most melancholy ohajiter in the History of 
l.ittiatuit' is that whii-Ii relates to the attacks made ujion 
autiiors by their contemjjoraries." . This is the first 
sentence of a violent attack made by Sir Walter liesant, 
who is certainly an author, ujion his contem{K)rary, Mr. 
Ivobert IJuchanan. It is, no doubt, a reply to Mr. 
Buchanan's attack \i\>on Mr. Kudyard Ki|>ling, and apiieani 
in the same orf;nn, the Co)ttf)iii»rrttvjf lifcietr. Rut two 
wrongs do not make a right. If the fact that Mr. Buchanan 
writes books should have prevented him from assailing 
Mr. Kipling, the fact that Sir Walter Besant writes books 
should have prevented him from assailing Mr. Buchanan. 
Mr. Kipling is (|uite caimble of defending himself, though, 
of course, lie was in no way Iwund to do so. But Sir 
Walter Besant's cardinal doctrine cannot In? seriously 
nmintained, and neither his illustrations nor his argu- 
ments give it any solid support. He is not scrupulous 
in his own controversial metluxls. He imputes to Mr. 
Buchanan the Imaest of all motives for hostile criticism — 
namely, jiersonal jealousy. He attributes to him "abuse 
and rancour worthy of a fishwife." 

1 am not couuerned in this place with the (]ae8tion 
whether Sir Walter Besant or Mr. Huchanan is right 
in his estimate of Mr. Kipling, or whether the truth 
lies lietween them, as it is apt to lie between extremes. 
I desire to protest against the radicallw false principle 
that literature is a clo.se cori>orntioii whose iiieiiilM>rs nre 



Andmm," vbkh wu not intcndsd by KirM"' 
trihat« of rwpsct to Hicliimliion« mmI ov«r " ' 
Abhej," which destroyed tbv popolarity of Ut 
cliStt. " ItoagiD*, if you oko," my Sir Waltvr 
"the lat«' Lord Colcridgf* contrtbuting articlM 
mitgaiineM in •biu« of the Ut« Sir U«orge JcHr' 
his law, deridhiK hix judgniont*, dcpradaiiDg -. 
letlgK." l/ird Coleridge wa* far too ei«vrr not 
that Jessel was a much grentcr lawyer tluin hiuiMl 
as for imagination, it iit not needed in thi* oaw. / 
effort of memory will recall M-venil inatanoM of i 
Walter Besant knows to lie im|ioMible. Chief 
('ockbum engaged in nuccetwive and lively dwfn 
I>ord Blackburn, with Lord Chancellor Hatherl 
with I<ord Penzance. He attacked LonI IVnxao 
he derided his judgments, and he depre<-iat«-d hi 
ledge. I do not say that his conduct added to the 
of the li«'mh, or that the lati* .Mr. .lu-itice .St. 
wisely when he attacked, its he did attack, I>>r<l 
law in the {lages of the SiiuUenth Ventui'/. 

•' Can we, again," asks Sir Walter, " imagiuc 
Wilberforce attacking Archbishop Sumner on ao 
alleged heresy, atheism, and immorality?" No; 
it would have been absurd. To imjuire into the * 
heresy " of an atheist would be foolish, and I>r. 
was a pious evangelical. Nevertheless, Bishop Wil 
did not conceal his contempt for him while lie  
Dr. Colen.so, who was as much a Bishop a.t liinia 
something which, '.n a Uyman, would certainly hi 
called rancour. The present .\rchbishop of Cai 
when he was made Bishop of Exeter met with 
hostility from some of his colleagues, who would a 
have prevented his consecration if they could. ^ 
may be unseemly, though they are not uncom 
they are unseendy because Judges* and Bishops ar 
colleagues and public servants, who ought to cODO 
consciousness of one another's infirmities, like mei 
the same Cabinet, or guests in the same house, 
letters are very numerous, for the most part unk 
each other, often dividing their time between < 
and production. " Can we imagine Sir Frederic I 
asking for a dozen jwges in which to call ^ 
humbug in art, an imix>stor. a bungler, a comiiiti 
]X)pular taste? " Ix>rd I^eighton was not wont so ta 
himself either, in a dozen pages or in a dozen won 
Buskin has said things as strong of iiainters i 
But lieighton and Millais were really members o( 
coqioration, over which I^'ighton for many years ] 
If there were an Academy of I>etters, as ther 
Academy of Arts, it is possible that the Forty woi 
society of mutual admiration, though it is not qa 
l-'i-nnce. Sir Walter l{e>ijint. niav. like Swift, deail 



84 



LITERATI KK. 



[Junuui; 



it u innfliwitirr vritmr. nnd I csDnot help thinking that 
his iaMgiaataon ha« misled him. He producM no 
endoMe for thia roppowd contempt of the literary railing, 
and I do not helie\-e that it exists. Hia reaoons for the 
pre\-aleuce i»f the feeling which he asiiuniex are "the 
povertj of litemry men, their de]iendence, their lack of 
dignity." I do not recognize the picture, nnd poverty in 
only denpiaed hy the xnilgarest of the vulj^ir. But surely 
these are qualitien of the individual and not of a clatt8. 
Tennyson was not |KH>r, Maraulay was only dependent 
U|ion his own exertions. A lack of dignity ix the laxt thing 
which would he imputed to Sir Walter Scott. 

"There has been no fau<e more injurious to the 
refiutation of the life of letters than the derision, the 
satire, the unrestrained savagery of the attacks made hy 
the followers of that life one upon the other." Sir Walter 
Besant gives no examples of this sn-eeping, and as I 
believe unfounded, proposition except the single instance 
with which he is dealing. " I'nre.strained sax-agery " is 
everywhere and in all circumstances to be condemned. 
Bat literature will not be improved, nor will men of 
letters gain dignity, by a self-conscious nflTectation of 
abstaining from mutual criticism. Sir Walter Hesant 
dimws a distinction between criti<-ism and attack ; it is a 
distinction without a difTon-m-e. Criticism, worthy to be 
ao called, cannot Ite all praise, any more than it «m Im> all 
blame, and as the praise may lie high, so the blame may 
be severe. If Mr. Buchanan conscientiously holds that 
Mr. Kipling's poems and stories deprave nnd brutalize 
the public taste, he has a (lerfect right to say so, just as 
Sir Walter Besant has a right to say that Mr. Kipling lia.<< 
"cvme to conquer the world." Mr. Kipling's disciples 
will be telling us before long that he has come to redeem 
the world, so 'we should bo grateful to Sir 
Walter for his : i ion and self-restraint. Of course, 

if under the guise of literary criticism aspersions are 
made upon an author's private life, the critic abases bis 
functions and disgraces himself. But he does so equally 
whether he is an " author " or not, and with him the law 
of Ubel is itroDg enough to deal. And what after all is 
•a aotbor ? Are only poets and novelists authors ? Is 
not a critic necessarily an author ? Sir Walter Besant 
thinks that there are no critics now. I do not agree with 
him. His own nwels have been appreciate*! at their true 
Taloe, which is a very high one indeed. It would be an 
odd way of reforming criticism to put it in the hands 
of the illiterate, who would not be jealous of writers 
because they could not write. Sir Walter Besant has 
atnsge ideas about the merits and defects of a critic. He 
thiaks that a critic sboald have no imagination, because 
*'tbe man of imagination is never able to discern things 



Nathaniel Hawthorne on his favonrite Ai 
Of Sir Walter Itesant himself one may nj 
of sincere compliment that he is happiest 

HKHI 



Botes. 



Tlioro is nn iintiHunlly lar|^ nlloM-anoc 
in the Qiiiirifrlii : pnpcrs on " Tiie Gcnind 
rof«T«>nco to Mr. Msrioii C'rawfonl'g " Av«> il 
on " («(K>tlio nnd tli<> NinctwMitli Ccntnry," oi 
of Tlin.'kcrsy," on " Tlio Pcrsonnlity of K. I 
on •' LonI ilc Tnlilcy." The last is s pnrtit- 
|Ni|M>r with mnch iiitoreolini; kiofcmphicnl ilH. 
nnythiiiK well can bo from the ■rtlolo whi 

Kents." 

• * ¥ 

The npp<>nranc>i>or oupof n iMtpulnr novelin 
IvSw (.'oiirts is loss common in this country tha 
tho " romnn k clof " is not con»i«ler«l to 
snco<>sMful niilcHs it hrings its author a c.r 
Tho prt-wnoo of " M'Tnrk " at tho CamliridR* 
nlTor<l<><l iininsoinont lo r<>n<lor« of " Stalky ni 
that Mr. lJcr«>sforH, who has Is-on pnblirly i 
original M'Tiirk -IhouKh (ho " Kiplini; Vr'mv 
out, says, on tho other liand, that ho w 
altoKolher ploase<l with his ooiintorfoit pres«<nl 
wo se<'m to gather from tho acoonnt of tho lil«' 
Caniliridgo iiapers in wlii«>li Mr. lJ«>r«>sford 
witness. On llio gntwl old law of r«'tnlinlion 
also tnnie<l author, nnd has dej«-rilM><l Mr. Ki 
from nnollier point of view than that of " Boot 
rojfrot that there Be<'Mis to lie no |»re<'odi 
interest inp plan. What would not the world 
on Dickons' KclKKildnyx, liy the original of ^ 
Harry Knsfx opinion of Tom Brown ? Ai 
Willoiiulilty Pnttorno mijcht on.sily make IliintP 
Mr. (i««or(ro More«lith. Mr. Morotiith dist 
Willonghhy of luvlnir jilto<l Ix'titin for Clara, 
action, the more so that Sir Wilhrnghliy, l>y d 
Hiltinfi: and other Mtn-nuouH monMnros, came nf 
undorxtnnding with l>^titin. SiK'nking of "Si 
critic i»e<'ms to have notlcJil tho al>s<Mioo from 
llmt dtory (fiven In the nerial pnlilicatlon, rot 
jfot his nickname, signifying, in tho school vo< 
wvll-oon»ider«'«I, and wily, as applied to a pini 
this an oversight or a di'lilierate ouiisNion i 

author ? 

• »  

Tho roviewiiig of ImniUs by Press agcMit 
ment that was, purhnps, iMtund to comu. Tl 
politico-economic fntalinn alxiut it, docruoii 
"Nniall nmn " in Imsinusa lins to niaku way for 
tho large provider, so mnat the ngency 
mscliiiiury diiplaou the less highly orgnniwsl f 
So that nown ii«w*i)S|M>r nisy onler n column < 
review, and, without IroiiMing whether or n 
given book, make oertniii of puMinhing an ado 
iMiok <m the day of issue. The system, liowev 



.);muiii7 -", 1900.] 



LITKUATURG. 



" cottori-kiiii;," ami thn piihlin will |(m« th<> boiMtflt of AtMlinK 

I 111' iivi'int'i- iipini f ii iiiilltitinli> of mvicHiTH. 

• • 

Ihii-iiijj ilii- Uiiiiirii-. Conjrrowii i»t Thi> IIukiio n p«minUt<H» of 
liiillfM nrt(nu\/.i'il III! fxlillilllon of lUornry worlin «liw» to foniiiilno 
iiiitliiiri. I<iK>ki, iniipizlm'!*, iiml cvfu im>w»|»ii|n'i-« \vit«> onll<>rl«><l 
mill rnrffiilly (•iihilnpiM'tl. Tlu" or;{iiiil»'rM of fliN i<\liil>llloii >«'iit 
nil M|i|M'nl fur liflp ill tlii'ir work to nil (>oitiilri<><i, mIIIi llii< rfiiilt 
tliiit llio i'iitnlo|;ii<> iiifiilioiiH l()7 fi'inliiixt r«ivi<<\\i« niiil pnpont. 
(rrriimiiy, Kriiiit'o, AiiHtrlii, llollnnd, niiil KiikIaihI nro tlio 
roiiiitrii'M ulioro till)! kind of litorntiiro npiM'nni to flnurixli, 
Jnimii, liow<<v€«r, ooiitrihiit*'* four— A'j/o tfoku kiyi (H<<ii<nco for 
WoMU-n) ; Fujin e-tri iilxii thi ( I'rot<Tl ion of Wonion ) ; Xffo 
fliikii »(i<»u thi (Sfl«>ntini' Hcvli'w for WoMU'iO.nntl A'yo Mnolomo 
(Tlio (iirl'K FriomI). In ►Juypt Mu(lan«> Avlcriiio i><lltNn monthly 
review, .■lHiii-u/-(.'ci/»». It lins now iMfii dfoiclol to forward the 
collri'tiou of impcrji nnd mnfcnxint"* wliii-li wi-ro to Im* mm-h nt 
Till' lliiftiK' (o tin- PariH Kxlilbition, tojfothor with n library of 
iimro tliiiii lliri>o tlioiinnnd works on tlio MM'inl, iiiorni, nnd lo(;nl 
(■onditioii of wonmii. It i» pro|»o(K>d to jtivn up n room in tlif 
PnlniH do In Foiiimo nt th(< I'nriM Kxhihition to n library of liookM 
writtoii by womoii of rvory nntionnlity. A rntiila|;uo !x to Im- 
print(<d mill <liHtribut<<il ;;rntiH, nnd nullioro<<M<s nro askitl to iion<l 
ill ns iiiniiy of tholr vnrious works ns thoy like. Tho ndmliwion 
ri-«> is tlvo frniifM for i-ncli voliiiiic. ns tho librnry niUHt In' n wlt- 
MipiMirtint; institution nnd must covi-r tho «'X|M'ns<> of tho iIIk- 
(ribiition of tlio cntnloffuo, whifli, of foiirM-, s<>rvi»s ns nn 
advert isoniciit for tli<> iMioks. Should tho sflicmo prove a siieet'ss 
it is proposed to use the volumes ns n nurleus for » |H>rmnneiit 
" Women's Lihniry " eoutninin); iMioks written in every 
IniiKunK*'- •^'■y niithoresMCswishiiiK to tnke jmrt in theexhiliMion 
should write for imrtieulnrs to the Sl&go Ho<-ial, Pnlniit ilo In 
Keiiuue, 24, Kne Droiiot, Paris. 

*  » • 

Tlu« ingenuity of the |H-niiy-n-liiier has ikismmI Imit; since 
into history. In dnys of u<>w» np^ncies and s|M<eialists h<> has 
rather an une«'rtaiii time of it, antl his devices nre often eiirions. 
Quite n-eeiilly one of tlie fraternity, who sailly wnnt»<<l to " raise 
the winil," s|H>eulated in a js'iiiiy liiineh of violets nnd plnc<<il it 
on the memorial of u ile|Mirted genius in Westminster AblH'y on 
the niiniversnry of the jfreal one's dontli. The next day most of 
tho niorniiif; |in|iers eontniiietl n toiiehiiiK little ptiraffrnph 
relating; how a |)oorly-»Iresse«l man (which wnjt literally true) wns 
seen on the pr«>vioiis day to |M>rform th(> n'verent little act we 
have nientioned. Tho investinont of one |H>nny broufcht in 
|M>rhaps twenty shillings, and all will |ierhaps ndmit that tho 
profit on the transaction was pinnl. 

• • • • 

Tho Sftfitr (S-iMvn-r) ha.s sncecodcd in gutting out ahmd of 
the Si'hn-e (S-p-h-o-r-o). It was npimreiilly somewhat of nn effort 
to do so, for there nrf> mnny marks of haste. Many of the pictures 
Itnvo 'ap|)oaroJ before — presumnbly in the Illuairated London 
AVifw; nnd tho ifonernl get-up of tho paper i» too much like that 
of tho Skrteh for itA oxnot rainon ifVtre to bo visil>lo to tho nnke<l 
eye of the en!«ual observer. .\ flnmtioynnt review by Mr. T. P. 
O'Connor is tho principal literary contribution ; nnd there Ih 
also n short ei^usei-ie by Mr. L. K. Austin. K«litors, howvver, 
seldom exhnnst their ingenuity in flrst numliors, and no donttt 

the Spear will improve. 

   • 

.■V eorrespoudent writes : — Tho writer of the nrticio on Sir 



.» \V'„l.,.,l., 



T~t!nf t.-,tint*«* ^f Nr<it*.^iial Hii\m*ai\liv 



ii' •-ctor at ■toakafwC I 

li.. M-V. 
Thi* aoHiinipiion d Mr. I^aAm tkal lk« tfaachtor Mi 

lnt«>nil<il to nwrry t» Kn>iK> w»a bb ilk«ilbMil« 4Mgkl 
Im a mUlnke, aa I* pniveal by a ii— ft (btUwfto Wip 
frotn the |in|M«r« of William ('<•><•, tht* aniiqiMrjr, now f 
in the lirilish Mitwiim. Kroin IhU It mppt»f% llwt Ike 
Koltert Walimlo Inlendefl to marrjr to Kntw w*a »o( • i 
by Miss Skerr<<ii, but by anolhi>r wUlrMw. la ttm 
iiifoniuilioii explain* tho lUonllly << Um Utif Iw fa l M 
lioraeo Wnl|K>le aa " my "'• Dayn " In h- 

I^dy Oimiry of Aa(cu>i 3, I (Xrtotirr 31, I 

aeeonnt, which in vory •> • 'in(, Ic 4MMt " I 

Novi>mber 7, 1774," ami orniM hi < tin eoWM flf MMM^ ix 
tIbU to Strawborry-hlll :  

After dinner, when i'-- ' •■'• Mm. DiyK) m* -■ 
Mr. Wal|M>le nfikisl lue I nwollMrtivl any |i 

whom thnt Inily wn* like. 1 i,c (MMnbirtl hi* f« 

elder brother. He then told OM « l0B|t ktatOrj of iM* 
ns well ns I can reooUeel, in •■ folkma : 8Imi b Ihr 
dnugliter of Hir l{olM>rt Wnl|M>le, llnl Karl of (trtnrd, 
she iiii^lit not Im> left destitute when her father ta«a 
he iKinghl a living for illlOO, nnd pro|H>*e<l niarryin|; IM 
Ke«^ne, brotln-r to Beiijninin Kifiii-, then, „r after. Afl 
at the Court of H|>nin ; to lioth of v«Ba ptop 

ginilly accept<>d of. .\eeor<liti(rly i« mmm ] 

IMKiMCKsion of this living ' 
for Kome tiim'. In Ihi* in'' 
lady was iiiarringtmble, it was jip>i>>~''i I'l 'i 
his enpigi'iiienr ; but as ho had by thi* ' 
C4)nnexii>ns, nnd the Inily, I sup|M>s<'. not •= — 
of this Mr. Wnl|)ole said not n word ; i»t 

her miuab, nhort, giiiiiiuy np|>enmi 

deformed or miwthniHil, but rather 

which pi-olmbly mi);lit have l>e«'n Iw 

When this wns detenuin<'<l on tho lady had i 

to r«'tir« and live ns well as »ho oouUI wi'' 

starvinjr eondition, ns no further provi- 

nnd the family knew mithing nlmut her. 

ever henr nnythiiig of her till, within < 

Trevigar, Canon of Chichester, nnd for 

linll, where ho wtis my tutor Jointly v Nuh 

whom I have not se<>n siiico he li-l ra 

moriiiii;; ii|ioii him nnd tohl him " M' \' i i . 

relation in the utmost dislr«"*s nml l ' 

pn^siimi-d, ho wns nn entire atranKPr." I |">ii ibw inf' 
Mr. Wal|M>le immeflintely tent Ibr her np to tarnn, i 
her, as a sister, into his own homr, wboro aiw Utm ' 
half the year, and ehnses to sprml tbo Otker half 
country with her mother. What roonlnr tkia t* I 
curious to Inquire ; Imt I guoaa It to M Sw^i 
Chichester, where Mr. Trovignr w»» hcnHlerd, 
se«Mne«l to ho ac<|nnint<<d with the (JnilfonI road m 
going, nlmut which she gnvo nM' ltt<iriir»i«»ii«. 
UMaci|uaint<fI with the wiiy. He r by iba 

Mrs. Day, which wns. protwbly. Ii' 
coming to town nnd )H>ing i' 
instructed to apply to the Hi- 
lend n ' 
up a I' 

Bishop. \\iii» w.-iH wi'i 
Bishop ill hia hands ^' 

then^fori". she was il 

ilir»<ct his answer to her to Mr ' 

siri'.'t, !i lind It-ii'Ti.'l .iii'I  

I' 

ti 

i' •' very <lay Iwf.ire 

<l' 'ler of about £."> no 



86 



LITERATURE. 



[Jaimai 



of cnnlnnK nr ■hjmi'iM t'--- v hr 

TIk> Biak»|i, I nll<iw, i» hn iniii-li i itii 

hl» iltenlli>«)i uml frtHniK* n» niiy on tht- Iwiich : ...... 1 i-vo 

Mr. \\al|>iilt> !•> In- «■• likvly to tlmm oiil <-<iiit<>iii|>tuniu 
)>'), i\ ...iir iirca«ioiw< 1 1 > iiii iliii..<. wIkiiii III- i.ii|i|M<M*« nut to 
.:«• hU iwi ii>il •>■• niiy iM'ntoii 

|i _ I iicy arr Ik.^ i , i «<.«■ ili<< lili'iiii^lirH 

in eaeli. TIm> Binhoii »«« t*rrr oitU<<>iiH><l n iniMt cIhh-KiiI, 
Bononni'. rihI i:nnil-(<MU|M>n««t liuiii. (irtiit foHiiiio willi a wifr 
ly ill llio Cliiin-h i>ft<>n tiuiko llir %\'iM-<>t iihmi 
I .•«. Mr. \Vnl|Hi|c W oii«> i<t tlic l"-.t writi-n*. nii 

.1 . ■•iM< <rf tli<> iiifwi lively, ill: ' Mid willy 

i^T : I'lil « (T"""! nhnro iif \ > .rtii-vi of 

^1r. (imy ol»«4«rvt'«l f«> iiic. n vL I u-Hnnth 

'-H, «imI Ult'ly i>vi>ii I« I'lillii .!«•« niul 

liii;; i|linliti<>H. I IKIM' j;iv«'ll Iht' 
. wlllioiil rt-wTvi" or cntitloii. — 

kti*i. ,^i.s,N. ,»,<**tif. 



1 
ntliil.i 

in |i.;i 
tafccK 
tUtrf 
(Brit. >i«< 

• 



v. V»a\ A<Um ahai'M willi tlio lnt<> Kniil<' (l<- (ilranliii lli<> 

ropatatloA of havinK • mnr aiul nrii;iiml idoa fur «>a<-li flay of tlic 

ftmr. In a itN-nil numlior of Ia- Jomtml li)> |ir<>|MiMw that tin- 

fnwla of li4MiM'« ami thoir Inner w-iiIIh nIiouIiI lie tieeomtetl with 

Iit«nil7 i|notatlon». " I'p to the preH<»iil," he mys, " eoinmen-e 

*loiM> ha* ulilice<l the rhetoric of the fav*'!*'- They tell ii.s what 

to e*i, to drink, to UM> for clot hI»K, fur firing or li({htinf; pur- 

pow* -<«ron occanionally what to read : Imt never do they invite 

na to think. In the tji.^t the walls are covers! with inwriptions 

froai tVNirucinn or froni the Komn." M. Adam Kii{;(n>Hta that the 

MMa abodld Ik> ornairaMiled with !>onnet?« of Baudelaire and 

Hermlla ; the hoii-aeM in the Citv with i|UotalionH from Kt. Simon, 

Auguaie C'oaito. de Tracy, &c. " IiiMide onr hoii!w>)i," lie con- 

tlluiM, " iaat«Ml of Ute Ufcly and iimiio flowerH whicli we mh- 

repMtffd dUmonUljr kcroaa onr wallH, monolo|;ne» rrrim Hamlet, 

CKdipna — diaiofcneM from the Sphinx, wonid refredh and r«s'reato 

DO. and !iaKRi<<it aulijcclii of conversation otherwixe than the 

wmtber and the eliroato. A ' liandelain*' drawing-room, n 

'Victor Hugo' dinliiK-rooin, a Villierx do I'IhIc Adam IwHlrooni 

— would tliey not Mirrouiid onr exi»tenc«' with an harmoiiioiiM 

mtmomherv?" 

• • « « 

A BroMieU pajier. comment inj; on this article of M. Adam, 
tolln a irond Klory which in itself hIiows the iiiipraclicability of 
fiarrylnic ont the writer'H id<>as. A commit !<■«> wa!< formiil wmie 
fav WM^ aico in nriuwelii for the piirjioHe of |M>r|N-tiiatiuK, in the 
■hapi> of a modallion, the imtnory of the iSel|;ian |Niet Andrt! van 
H— wit. Tho work wan exceiitetl by the xciilptor ('raeo. It wn.n 
maolved to plac<* it on the fafaile of a Iioiiho in tlie Rue Van 
Haiwelt. The r««reniony wan fixe«I for the 3l»th Xovemlier. There 
vaa to la* an ofllcial reception and appropriate !>|H<echcH. Bnt 
tke cooHBittfle had r«ckone«l without their himt — that ia to nay, 
wflkoat tke pmnlanion of the pniprietor of the houae in the Kn«' 
Van Haanelt. When thia worthy wan approachetl on the siilijoct, 
" JKever." tmlil h<', " will I tolerate such a meann of depreciatinff 
tlM> value of my proix-rty. It would not fail to attract iiocta to 
■jr li<fu>ir- »- "..111. 1. 1,. f..„miii. (;//- >ii/ iii.ilJr"' 

« 

Tbe i-r>MM'll |ui|ii'n< otille lll.ni llii-iir.'iilil I >lll(<' ( 'onslant |||, 

iMrinK tnin*lal<-d llnmlrt, \% now enpi((<'<t ><■ pre|tariii|f a 
ri'|in<«ml4ti»n of thin play. In which he will hinineir wnpiMirt the 
lillr riif. Miw. KiHuikovnky in to play the (|iicen, Mim*. 
Lopakin, <>|ilieli«, aiul M. Hopow IMIonina. Mor<> than 120 
I an* to lake |iarl in tlx* play. 



> m. . 



■>l»u tlln 






IM* Tni.. 






1.1 kin 



lltoniry aiitoirnipha with oharacterUtic en«»r( 
Some re<iird ll^nrcH Were altaimsl at the re«'c 
liratetl I'oHiMiyi coll)<cti<in, where llu- follow 
notAlilc hidi. \Vu have, for Hie wike of siiii|i 
iiuirkH to iMMiiidN and xhillinKM xiorlint:. 

(io«>lhe ... 

S<-hiller 

Ifi^Kini; 

Koriier ... 

Klo|><ito<-k 

\\ ielaiid .. 

If we may jiidp' froin » o«t«lo(c«c aent n« 
of ('lMir«'h-Hlre<>t, I'addinjrton-jrrcMMi. Kneli^h I 
are much cheaiM-r. Five (^linetbi for a letter 1 
In the hifclient price axkeil. liOttcrs hy Dick^ 
pric«« from £2 Sn. to £2 ISa. ; a tettor from 
had for S^'*., one liy ({••orp- Kliot for SOa., 
£.'1 18s.. and one Iiy Martin Fanpiliar Tiippi 
chi^IM-r aiitoffraphsareofTerisI liy Mi-nsrs. .Ihki 
who lire pn'paro<l to supply, ill a modest 2s. 
such diverne c*'Icl)rili«'s iis Sir HolaTt Ball, M 
Dr. fJiHirg*" Macilonald, the |{<>v, H. U. Hawel 
Chevalier, fhi the other hanil,a men' |iostcar 
coata half-«-crown. 



LITERATURE OF THE ^ 

We r<>ferr«sl the other day to the let tent 
aiich profusion from soldiers at the front. Tl 
they have to tell is i|iiile siinicieiit to make r 
of llteir style, and it is i|iiiti> natural that littU 
aaid aliout their si(;nillcaiie<> from this |ioiiit d 
often qimiiit, no doiilit, Imt they show some 
moHl part, unex|MH>t«><l n'siilta. Thia ia the 
have Im-jmi iMipijced in since the paaHin); of I 
and, as thirty years have elapsed Kiiiw it 1 
n-asonalile to siip|N>!M> that thi> majority of ( 
thi' ranks can nut only reail and writ<>, in 
iiistriicteil in other r<s;H'cts. As n priKif of this 
nnmlier of letters whicli ar«' iN'iiitj reeeivisl fn 
under the dilfi>rent commands in .South Africa, 
tiniliii); their way into the newsiMiiM'rs, wlii 
oonrw, are rea«'rve<l for the writers' familicH a 
Alioiit the puhlished letters fr<un men in I 
thini; that striken one is their pio<l idioiimlio 
noatli>m|it at what iiae«l to Ix- callisl " literal 
it is rare to ms> ^rammallciil inaccuracies oi 
us<sl. The IIioukIiI is told for the moat |M 
faahion, and in the fewest |Hnu)ihlo worila. Nn 
letters are telling; and plctnrCMtilin, aa in the 
cartman n«a<'rvist : — 

Wo marche<l to enpiKO the Boers in 
ni^ht. In a atonn that yon or I have never e 
The hatlstoiii>M wi-ri' Inriter than waliints 
We hail no overcoats, only those thin kliaki 
ill, mill the rain dreiichisl us and ran into 
had 141 stay In the hills all iiIkIiI, waitiiiK foi 
and when it did wi- lind a Koyal saliiti* fr 
Ifcx'rs' l>i(t tfiins, which came wJiixKinK ovel 
very plensant music, I can tell you. 

Of eonrs*', now and afniin we come across Ii-t 
of eomptainta. Tb^y urn written hy what 



Junuarj' 27, 1 900. J 



LITERATURE. 



i'U<nr I uitH iiiiikiiiK ('>r it, to Iryiiml K*'t In, IhiI ifiit kIioI llimnuli 
llin llirtuil. I know I'liiiiii;)) •■' llr^at niil to know tlinl I hire 
1m u IiIk arlt'rv llii'rt', iiml rmin tlii' »it>' Hit' IiIimmI ({■•■•("'•I oiii I 
tlionK'i' It M'liH nil ovrr with nic, Imt to my liiti'iiw- n-llcr I 
foiinil that aftiT l.vint; mIIII for n<inH> tlnif thf>l>l>' 
Hto|>|H-<l. Till' ••iikIih' wax iHiMHinic at tin* tiiiH'. I , 
tlit< niili', ami liiniK on it for .lUty ynrtU, I wna jnoi "ii 
tli<< (Hiinl of railing <>IT >vlicii llii> ciiKini' >iIo|i|h><I, I Kol on tlii' 
tcntlri* hIiIi', anil hIimkI on IIk' lin. l)-ilp>, with my fihtl ilantilini;, 
till wii ^ol III Knnnnilali', wln'ri- I pit on ttii' cnli. It ua^ 
IHinrlu); wllli rain all llio way lini-k. ami I was i'IiIIIimI tlironi:li. 
My fiNit HifMH-il to ui'IkIi 'ilNllli. Itail as I was, I iiinlil not li>'l|i 
MiinkinK how rortinniti> I wax iih roMi|inr<<«l (o th4< |)iM>r ft'ilou^ 
l<>ri iH'hinil, nuuiy of tlicm woumltMl, nml nil of tlwui o««rtiiin uf 
I'iM'loria. 

Thn niMivo, it. will Ih> oliM^rviMl, Im n gixM nimm-Immmi •>( cltiiir nml 
(tv<<n lim|>i<l ' Kni;liHh. It ttiulil not caHily Im' iin|in>v>*il, 
(<xc<<|it by tloli'linK a few of th)< " fn>lN." Ami tln> nilmiralilf 
thinK nitnnt il in that it in |{imhI tlioronKli Saxon Np«NM-h 
• not nn "onlland " woni In it i-xo-pl the nfftouqiry " I'wtoria," 
anil very f<<w iloriviMl frcnn n rorfi|;n sonrft-. This is n rhnrai-- 
li>ristio that rnns through most of tlio li-tt<>rs, wlii<-h, in this 
i'<>M|MH-t (nn<l, in wimo cnM"!, in iilhi-rx) miKhl with nilvantai;i* 
Im> (•o|)i<><l liy not a fow of thi< n<>»s|Mi|MT forr<-M|Minil<>nlH, lmlts.<l, 
from rtitilinK llH'-st> ailmiraltlo l<>tli*rH rrom solilirrH one in li><l to 
tiniwtion wht>thor, in thit Tnturt', ncv^-MiiuiM-r |ir«>|>ri)>tiint wonlil 
not Im) wiso to retluco <'X|M>niliturt> on ho nuiny <Hirr«'»|Minili-nti« at 
the Hoat of wnr antl r<'Iy on thf U'tti-rs of solilit'rs, which ihcy 
i*onl<l atToril to \m\ well for. 

tliTC ami therein these lett<>rs one meets witli s4ime iileasnnl 
toiK'hes of fe<>linK< HliowinK lliut the soliller Ih far from iM'tni; 
.'ilisent-mimhMl. A Grennilier, writing of his «>N|M>rieni-<>M nt 
iit'linonl, says : - 

Tlien Major Kinlix-h (tnve the oriler to nilvam-e anil 
aililresseil llii> men, " Now, my iKiys, all toKt'llior, ami as ImnI 
as yon ean go," ami, with a silent prayer to Heaven anil a 
thouKht of all at home, I ilasheil ai-ross. . . . The sreno 
was nwfnl to lM>holil, nuil ri'il, red, reil wnn the prevnilin); 
roloiir nronnil ns. 

Another man, writing to" Mater nml nil "from Protorin, says : — 

I, together with nil the other prisoners, am exeiM-ilinKly 
well Irenteil. ami have nothing to complain of. So yon ami nil 
hnve nothing to worry nlxiiit so far ns I am iimii'rneil. 
. . . . I ilo not exiM-et to lt<> alile to write oftt.n. as then' 
«r«> so many her«> of various regiments, nml il is i|uite a favour, 
HO don't llilget if you ilon'l hear, nml iluu't \Miit Christmas 
dinner for me. 

Olio might i|uolo froin iimiiy othont, Mhowing not only the manly 
spirit which niiimates the men nt the front, hut huw oiliicalion 
has liNiveiieil their understandiiigM and given 1ien> and thert> n 
touch of culture without detracting from their sohlierly qunlilios. 



TENNYSON AND THE OLD ANNUALS. 



Sitting l)oneath an apple tree at the l:ott<ini of an old Knglioh 
ganleii on a cortnin Riiniiy August afternoon, with nothing to 
disturl) tho i|uiot tlnw of thought Rave tho sway of liranchos, the 
rustling; of lenvoa, nml now and then with rurionaly pleasant 
etVoot the dull thud u|ion tho grnwt of a goUlpii windfall, it wua 
hard not to rogrot that the ago of .sentiment hnd i>aMio<l. The 
days of .lano Aust^'U tho days of " sonse and neii.sihility " tho 
ilayM when confession hooks wore on every drawing-room talilo, 
sccimxl prcforahlo in many ways to our owii. Turning over the 



iti rtlil &nr 



.1. ivki..!, Ii,..l I.,. 



" (Inn* " irf til* alajra ol am giudtf/thmm WM* tW 
an n,u whii'li, ho««««r laekitm h^' K* " it mtmy Im 
ImibI did nuiat ihint* tli.iii'Ushljr. Th* kaautiful atari 

fr..,., •...i.ir«* lijr TiiriMTT. Iji-"'- '^ir Tlmtnaa Lai 

liirh -- rii,lf.lli«hi.>l .* i4 %hm Al 

iK'i Mi. >nt ti> I* vphamorBl |ir<><iuciioii* warlla al ar 
away » ith their Mioimpwiyiiig (rst •• tMoa •• (ImmhI 
ti nr mannera I Tli» kkal ol th« eillt'** a4 

M thxir rmMlera, aa ona t4 Umm saitl in a fn 

tl not l« " a wm 

H > "< birth, l>ut livai, • 

work in •vwjr wall-talacUxl lilmrjr." ftadi «M U 
liliarality uf lor««r yMra that no laaa • aoMlhMiala*' 
KuimHui waa Bp«ntuti the frodurtitm <>( tha " K**]* 

The moaauro of *iicc«aa with whiah tlMM p«bii..> 
thn IwniU vf a ciiltunMl and laatofnl gvoaratioB «•• ni 
portion to tba elforta <t( their wiitora. Many of tiw 
is true, have fallen into n«Kl«ct ; but thar* ara • la 
which, if not actually ■' reputtifl ami ataiwlani «arka," 
Uioir way into tin* lihrariea of sluaUnla of litaimtaM 
phitos. Ikwides contAiiiing the work of .Sir H'aMwlM 
Moore, W<;rtUworth. .'^outhry. Cularidgw, Kyron. fNki 
Cornwall, anil otlwrs «h<i hail alraady OMmW tlHrfr I 
often i?ontaini-«l tlH> poetry ami proae of wrilara wIm> 
rup.itationa still to make. Inikwl, it is greatly on aee 
early work of thtwe unknown unea afterwarda (aaoo*- 
of thuiH< old Annuals posaeaa such an iiilerMt noww 
liooklover ami student. AimI this intaraat ia inetwai 
casi« by the fact that much of thia early litararj wi 
nftorwnnls mpiiblishid in tho rollectad works of th* ' 
if so, ri'publi»h»l in a soniewlmt altand torai. Twi 
case in (mint, l^uitc a nnaikar of the old .%nnnabi an 
of Tcnnysoniann U) the seafcher after thia kintl of traai 

The rare " lieuth's Doings " of IflCH waa of tha  
annual. Ita full title is " Death's Doinita : ea 
numerous original Coinpositiona in I'roee ainl VvrM, I 
contribution of various writers : principally intemleil 
tions of Twenty-four I'lstos, i1t«igiKid and etcheil by ] 
author of ' Svlect (leina from ttie Antiifua,' " awl it c< 
l>oems, signed " Alfr<>d," oiititlml " The I'oet " i 
Captive To Death." Tlieae poama naTcr rafirilltad 
of Ttmnyson'a earli<<et compoaitiona. The fltoat, whk 
than the linea siippoaoil tu lie aiblresenl by a priaaaw 
ia a poem Ut Byron. Tlio platu by Dafiiajr accoa 
represents Byron aeatol at a table, writing an ode to is 
l'l>oii the table at his side is a lighted eandla, a lot 
ami ink ; to the left of tho picture ia an open cheat, I 
appear u number of rolls of MS. : and upon tha lUiai 
bearing the wortl " (ireeco " and the lUto 1824. I>Mtl 
crownv<l with laurels is appearing from bebind curt 
tiackgroiind, holding in his liand an axtiafpUahar wl 
going to place over the poet's candle. Tha p oaiii ia  
one nuiy bo excused quoting it in ita entirety : — 

Thoa are Taniah'd ! Like the blast 
Bursting f- — •'— midnight cloud 

Like the li;:)i' .irt |>a*t. 

hlarth li«,s ,,;. .. nobler sbroml ' 

Now is quom-h'd tho IhuhinfE eye. 
Now is rhill'd the lioming know. 

All the |Ns<t tliat can ilie : 

Hoiiivr's self is Imt aa thoa. 

Thou hast drank life's richeal dranah' . 



RR 



LITERATURE. 



[January 



Vtm win dend* Mtrt i|M« Ubm mm wrlttan by Thm^pmb. 
TlMf« i« aa aanMakalii* nuft about t h ai, and, aa IMglay waa 
Ml aHtagmiaato at Camhritlna and in all liki>lib<Mi«l a moml^r 
of 1km aMM coDaffa at Um aama tiin(> m» the |MM>t, what tnon 
yrokaUa Hmu (bat ba JwaiH baro in^ it4<i1 him Ut l« ono of the 
aaMtribalarB U> his wJlautimi T Mortiovor, thi>ro in another 
iniliration tbat ha «rriiU> f<>r " l>(«Ui'a I>ninga " an imiication 
which. sti|[bt in itmU, niay h»ip ua to arriro at a iU<cition if it it 
c-onaitlerad in conjnacUaii with utbar eridanra. In tba aama 
annaal waa publiabail a piwni called " Spleen," tiearing tba 
aiipiatara " Kilwanl." Now, in IKfii tba " Ytirfcahiro Literary 
Annnal " <pulili»hnl hy I^ongman, Reea, Orme, Itrown, aiHl 
Ora f . and aditnl )•>- C. K. Kdgar) containail two aonnota ai^inl, 
ono Alfml Taniqraon and tba otbar Rdwanl Trnny»on. !■ it not 
likely tbat tba Bdward Tannyaoa of the " Yorkahira Litornry 
Annual " waa tba " Kilirard " of the " Splaan " poen> in 
" Daatb'a Doinga "; abo tbat the " Alfml " of Pagloy'a liook 
waa tba aaaM paraon wbo wmta tb« annnot aifined in full, Alfreii 
TtnnTaon f Ry-the-hr. who waa this Kdward TennyRon ? 
Careful Marrh ban failed to diarovor hi* identity. The sonnet by 
•be lata Hoat Lanraate, whirh waa written in I/omlon on Se)>teni- 
faar n, im, jndginf from tito data afHxed to it, it one of those 
aentimental outborata which their author refrained from 
rapiiMinhiitf; in later jreara. The poet confeaaos that his hrart 
ia filled with sighs ami hia soul ia " ■teepe<I in laughter " by 
three thingi -*' dimples, roaalips, and eyea of any hue." 

Tbara are three things hcneatJt tbo hl(«aod skies 

For whidi I lire. Mack e,>-es and hmwn and lilue : 

I hold them all moat dear, but oh '. black eyes, 
1 lire and die, and only tlie for you. 
Nmaaraoa otbar nacoUectod poems by the same writer may l« 
fovad hf the indnatrkma aaarehor in annuals and gift-lMKiks of the 
saia period. Tarodiartpoania, " NoMore" and "Anacreontica," 
and a fr a g ment were in the " Gem " for 1831, all three appoarint; 
in Harpar'a 1873 edition of the poet's works, but not in ai>y 
Bagliab aditioo : in " Friendship's Offering" for lM3:i were taro 
sonnets, one of whidi, commencinf; witli the extraordinary lino — 

Ma my oarn fate to lasting sorrow doometh, 
wu reiNiblisbad in Routled^^o's '* Kirth-<lay <<ift : a Christmas 
and New Year 'a Praaent " for 1840 : and in the " Keepsake " 
for Ittl ware a few stray stanxaa from the same pen. Ilut there 
atiU mnaina to be meotionetl some early work of still greater 
intaaaat to atodanta of his poetry viz., those stancas in tlie 
'• Tribnta '* of 1837 containing tlie germ of tlie idea afterwards 
oaad in " Maud." This annual, or, aa its c<lit<>r, liorrl Xortli- 
amptoo, called it, " Collection of miscelUneuua unpublished 
pnanM," ia alao raluahlc for the poetical work of Words- 
wofti^ Anfareyida Vera, George Darlay, Huutbey, Charles Tennyson 
TnnMr, and Walter Sarage Landor. It was when writing the 
fomth aaotioB of the aamnd part of "Maud" that Tennyson 
aaad eartaia liaaa of tiieae atanzas wont for word, whilst other 
linaa ha aligfatly altered ami impr<>re«l. For instance, the linos— 

MTbea I was wont to inact lier 

In tba ailant woody plaoea 

Of tba Und tbat gave mc birtb. 
baeoiaa ia " Mand "— 

Wbaa I waa wont to naet bar 

In tba ailant woody plaoea 

By the boma tbat gara ma birth. 
Ris atantaa in the " Tributa " ware not incorporated in the 
l o ug a t poem. The following are the best : 

I can aba<low fi>rth my bride 



Otbar writers then* are whoa« early 'work i 
varaa make theae old AnnuaU vaiitly entt>rtniuing. 
monHMil wi> nin.v note, with n i-eKn-lfiii iiil<'reHl, tin 
waa one of tlieni. But the work of " .1. K,," inili 
bsH |jii"n n".<Mio<l from I hose |mKi>H, the whol 
tributions to tlien<> nnil siiiiilnr |>eriodicals lieing i 
are not greatly mistaken, in the L'ollecte<l im>oi 
two volumes a few years ago. Nerrrthuless. nnni 
work done in his inidergra<bmto days are luiu'h pri 

Dear old Annuals ! Could one help loving > 
which saw your birth as we sit in tliis old-world 
full of memories, looking at tbo literary trei 
letween your covers, and rending your (|Uiiint, {tat 
Kvcn at this distance of time we are almost inclii 
tear for the writers wlios<> deoi'aso you reconl fro 
" those gifted lieinga," aa you phrase it, " wlic 
graced our pages, but who will adoni them no 
waa an age of sentiment ; but it was not wliollj 
all that. We are reniinde<l that it was an inlit 
ship's Offering " who was one of the flrst to b 
Miller, the " inspired buaket-mnker," when he c 
from crookecl Giiinsborough on the Trent, in sei 
fame and fortune. That was a d(*ed well (liin< 
genitis from obscurity ami at the aame time eiiric 
of the .Annuals with tome of their swM-test verse. 

KREDE 



Enicvican Xettcv 



AN OBSOLESCENT AMERICAN T 

At iiuotlicr time I -|K>kc in lliis pliice ol 
n<'eurat<> touch of Mr. (Jeorgi' A<lo in inirti 
Anierienn nvenigeH an tliey hiviltti liis slutly ami 
Ix' enlbnl the lower niiilillo clnHws of CliieflKo. T< 
one liiul enllo)! fhorii so one iiiust have the tliseoi 
that tho term wiis liMmely sngp-slive rutlier tin 
that it waa, in fnet, nillu-r misleniling. In theC 
wo Mtill have no elawsos. We hiive iK-ojiJe who art! 
who jire ibmii : |>o<iplo whom we know for uiieoinii 
whom we know for eonimon : but we have mi n-i 
tion ; with ns the rocks, volennie iniil .-iiiuoou! 
together, nnil sn|M'rim|><mo«l, or subteriKm*-*!, by chi 
les.s goologieal than meteorological. Onr society U 
the work of a cyclone than of a t<-lluric agency : ii 
rntlier than arehit«<<-tnral. 

ThcM- was, to lie sun", somelliing more of |mt 
life that Mr. .\de mIiowwI us in " Artie " than in ' 
bis lati-st contribution to s<M-iolof(ical knowletlgi 
Mket<-lies wer«' largely of women, who in all <•" 
|a'niu«ncuce and clasitlllcat ion ; anil the present 
titKieta and Town " Is ainuwt alt<igether alM)Ut me 
in " Arlle " ha4l flxwl habitations In the rows 
womlen houses in hnmble streets, whore the Ame 
most altounils, in cities not yet built np in cheap 1 
Home," however, they sojourn in one of these 
hotels which call tliems<>lv«-s " KuiiUM-nn " Iwy-au 
thcMn would Ite calle*! so in Kuroiw. " The Alf 
set bofort' the reader with n <lelieat<;ly humorous s 
repulsive m«slernily,ls really a hUrlijumi, in whi< 



.Juiiuiiry '27, 11)00. 



MtERATtREL 



Imm>Ic ii({i>iit 1m a utriiiiii of iKii'try ityphomHl (nun llio vuluimt of 
|MH<ticul quiiUtioiiit which Ih) it M'llinK i tli<t hii«tU>r, who l>rinK« 
tlio Ihn:' to Khiiiiu* by liivolviiiK biiii 111 a ruM-ally imU'iit iiMwIiriiHi 
Hflii-ino, i* n IlKht-hi'Artttl liiiitiiK-Mi iiil>i<-rt>niit of iinfOiiM'loiui 
tiiriiitiiilf. The Dim?' hinuM'lf U iiiiii|>ly a jilnrlii liar, with no aim 
hill III Kivi' nil iiKn>i>iilih< iiioiiiiilit to th« friitiiiU who IUt4>ii to hi* 
Mli>ric>( of Iho liiiii'i* licfori'.iluriiin, mill nftiT tin- i;"'i«* t'lvil War. 

Ill- ili'rivi'K from a |ii>riiMl of our aiiiiii>iiiK I'i^ whi'ii 

tiii'ro wiiH NO niiirh " pliiy " ill tim workiiiK of  • that 

thoy iiiiinI liavo iookiil to nii ouImIiIi' wIIikwh alloKi-lhi-r liki' a 
Joko. Ill th« |iroi'(MH of IiIh (•niiy-KoiiiK iiiiii<i, ho iiiii(ht vory woll 
hnvo b<><)ii tho iiiiniui inning i-«<iitr« of tlio Kr^itt iiil<>r«>ntK, th« 
iliniilfMit hero of tlio Rri-at ovt»ntM, whirh he rnlhor ili'|ir<i-Mt«it 
tliaii iMNixtit hiiiiH<>lf to havo lMt>ii. Ho roiihl, not iin|in>lmlily, 
liiivc known nil tho iin-jtiiU'iitH, ({••iii>niU, Sii|in'iiio I'ourt .lii<l|{<-". 
SrimlorM, iiiiil (iovonmrM with itoiiH" il<'){ni> of th«' fnniiliarlly 
wliich lii> Niiflcrs to ii|i|H-iir in Iiih nci-onnt of Ihi-in ; niiil In* isiuhl 
hiivo iivinl in Ciiirinniil i, H»rri<iliiiri;. \Vn.HliiiiKton, Ni-w Orlimna, 
Now York, mill other |Militi<-iil niiit isiiiiiiiori'ini nipitnU without 
lit nil IniiiMcoiiiliiiK tlio onlor of our tliin|:<t. Ho in of n |m->l m> 
ilivurHilloil aH to Ih< nlniimt iliwiiimtotl ; ho roiiHit mi iiiui-h fnini 
ovorywhoro an to hnvo n«nlly no hx-nl ImokKrouinl. Ho i» of no 
».H«H«rt»imil biiMinoHN or nilliiiK ; hi» crop|ic«l titio of I>m'' nHiinlii 
tlio iMipiilur nppriH'iiilion of I ho hih-cohh with whioh ho oiiipirii-nlly 
ti-ontiNl nn opiiloniio in tho iiriiiy wlion nil tho <>iirt;o<ins hnil failo<l. 

ThrouKlioiit ho hnx kopi ii kihhI <-iin»<'ioni'i< miil iipjinrontly a 
KmMl ohiinirtoi'. Ho r<'s|M<ft-< hiiiiHolf ninl ho ii>*>|m-<'|<i woinon, mo 
thni ho is Wdiiniloil inn londor |Nirt when tho l<MM4>-iiioiilhiil, IhikI- 
iiioiitho<l fn-t-kloil lM>y Iii'iikm of mi i|;iiolilo triinnph in n'|mrlo«< 
with n K'rI. nnil o|M'nly rolniki-s him. Ho hns tho ri".|MM'l of Iho 
wholo Alfnlfn Kroiip, who nil Ih'IIovo Ihm m<Mli~<t licN, miil Irii^t 
him implioitly ; tho fro<-kloil lioy niiil' tho IiinIi nr<> nx iiiilii;iinnt 
nH tho liook n^ont or tho liKhtniiiK ilontiMt hiniHolf whoii tho 
hiiHtlor lots tho Dim-' in for Iho lopil |M>imlty of IiIm nofiirioiiM 
ontorpriso. Tho li);htniiiK ilonlist liiis so muoh ri'voroiioo for Iho 
l)(M''s chmiicli'r, nnil Mirh fnilli in his His4him, tliiit ho tnkos him 
to onll ii|Hin Iho yoiin^ woiimii who omlMMlii>s his iiloni of lovo nntl 
iimrriap:!', nnil for n wliilo lironks willi hor in Iho miM|;iviiiff 
iinimrtoil hy tlio Doc's HiiKK*'»tioii thnt slio will ono <lny lie an 
stout as hor molhor. 

This ourious nnil doliKhlful survival of nn 0|M>fh Hp|inn>iitly 
fnr moru tmnsitionnl than tho pros4>iit has thr ohann of Iho 
provisional, tho im|M>rmaiiont, in IiinIi ilo|irp4', nnil tho flii'lini; 
mill iHitholio f;rni-o of n ilny thnt is ilonil, whioh Mr. .\<lo hns 
known how to soizo niul to llx in n llKiiri< siiiKiihirly iiiicnrioaluriMl. 
Tlioro is not n strident or oxtrnvai;mit nolo in a piotnri' 
INiinloil with siioh tom|M>rnto skill ; miil ns it stands it niny wril 
IMiss for tlio t..V|M' of nn Amoricnn jcrowinj; fainter nnil rnri-r. He 
was a kind of Aiiiericnii that hnd iimiiy simple virtues nnd mostly 
simple nnd liikniiless iunlts. He gn^w to prominenoo with the 
politicnl asoendency of the Middle WoMt, nnd wns rhamctorislie 
of n time and place when and wliero, in the yet unexhaiisteil 
youth of the Kopublic, Krown men likiil to think nnd s|M>nk of 
one another lii^" the Imivs," ImiI ndilri<ss«sl one nnothor as " Sir," 
mill wens whilu piHifoiiiidly hiimonms, ns ^nivo sn|N<rllcinlly as so 
many C'astiliaiAor ,Ki<'ka|MNis. Oiitsiile of thes(> Stntos he is not 
easily explicAe ;" but in Mr. Ado's " l>ic' Homo " he is 
ri<ali/.od. 11 Ag 

1 (|r \y. D. HOWKLl,.^*. 

(Copyright, li'CO. in llio Unittsl Stntiw of Aineriia. by Huriwr 
anil Hrotliois i 



tiM re«plar<lM MMMHtMl by llMi^Ute. Tto UUI* 
nuuiy nMrito— «hM mmoihc tiMa tto mutUmt* partnU 
wnman, lb« kiunhlo, falUi/ut moUmt of Um bojr C<illa. 
gWluiiiM iwthui in htf tUtry. 

The wdort Uixl »r fbnvkrit whalara will tnm <^> 
to A Di»iT Of THM .MiMiM : A Hi«ii<» f/>va Wi> 
Ui'n tr*n*UU«l rnnn the orli;ii>al MM by Mr. F. >^ >' 
farker, Im. n.). Mr liaiii •tintulal<-« lnl«««<«t at Ikr 
by the roll' ' li<> Kitt-^ in hia ptafcM « 

orlKiiml Mil- liy »ii <>|<l ManUlM 

tho pliiKiie, ill toki'ii i>( KratltiaUt far a anrrlcv Ih* I 
done him. " A |)l|fll of the Mnon " b paKU^I I 
peculiarly lM>«utlful wonain, ami thai i*<iry. 
Oriental eharaet4>riMtlr«, cirelea nmiiil tko tlUtJ 
mis<>i;yniMt klii|c waa ItriMtxht to hla arMara al IM 
iliiHcnltiea which lie«et the purmlt of III* rhmrmttt. 
aiMl UM-fiil not4>« Mr. UaiiicallM attaMilinii tn o i t — I nwl 
to (Mssauiii in the Kiin>|M<«n claMnli-« awl ((Ivra • Im 
that, allhinijth thi» love story U eumpbHe •■ hiTt> tra 
may preMuitly pnaliie« m T«takin oC other |Mrt* n( liia I 
H« claims for the tale aa uaiqiM poaitinn, awl few r«a 
rail to Im* attracteil by tho aiapto Aar]r-tal»>Uka eiMi 
remlertxl in .Mr. Baina cSMllaat Bwliall 



In Thr Komakw WAT(IInr«» bimI Rlarki^d.Oi.)! 

physicinn who write* as " Philip iMkUrfon " luw hcvn 
fortunnto in an iinnniventional aial liixi'nifNw pint. 
n>mnni*<< h<* avoids tb<- pndixily which he «|in«m| In 
wiae very ablo b«M>k " Stephen Brent." TWfW l« 
thoiiKhl itinlllhnt  Philip l.«rarKite"wrilea,«adteUli 
than in any other of hi* writing «w ar» eonacioiia ol th 
preoocn|iation which Flniil«'rt calhil "the irriT.-itt<in ■•( 
As in " Stephen Hrent," !»• is still il<- the 

henslity : but in his new lumk he has < is tl 

rnseinntiii); rtimnnei*-- at the eh«si> ef the Iweiilietli < 
snys, thoiiffh it must Im< Miniiltisl thtt c<>ll<M|nialbaH 
tiMi h)<>s4«ly ns«sl, are tiM> maeh thone of liHdajr. 
vnKmnt bicyclist niaM|iM>ra«lin|c a« a laiy, la a new v 
<s>nlem|H>mry Action. TIlP Htnrr of h<-r mlMrhienNai | 
of the Sir (tnlnhad of n h'ft, K. ^ ~ rifci the aotko 
only for his very slrennoiis vi. so fi»r modi • 

and nMiianlic WTitinir. 

It is iinforliinnle thnt Mr. Philip Itevcnant.ilK- anl 
L.\ HIS (iK.HBaATIoN (John I^onf;. 6s.). shouhl ha\e m 
Sylvia Krie— no doubt unwillinKly- <mi sn wvll-knowa 
a.s the heroine of " '1Ih> (<ohb-h Biilterfly " by Mm 
nnd Kice. It is impossible to avnni enmparing hla 
with their aihirable (pMkksa, and tba* teat i« ratbara 
.V|Mirt from this, his novel ia quite np to liM> avMigt 
the mon> unplea.sant characters, the priss and p 
touchisl in with a icocmI deal uf canatic satirp. Bat it wa 
while to introtluco such wora-dit tjrpea aa tb« < 
the nuiteb-makinK mamwa, Tho bogk la 
main ; it ia brightly written and qaite i 



Mr. O. A. Henly's latoaC book, TiU LoR H 
Howdeii, Ok.), carrien lb<> reader tb i o m h ladia ami 
S«M. The princi|Ml actor rcMxaUca tbo "TichbocM 
althoii4(h bo pn^fers |H>iaanin|t hiwarlf in Oaort to •■ 
pk-asunii ot penal servitude. Mr. Henty aaaia la lap 



•»o 



UTERATURE. 



[January 



Xibrar\: llotcs. 



Wltal «tTt' »hf lm«" Mr. KiiKkin'H n>«l vit'wx oii (lie n><-<'lit 
«|>nm(i <if llu* |>ulilic lilimry iiHiv<-iiM>iit ? IIIk imilifvnliMii liil 
kiai to ■— U t>H< |)n>M>iil-«lay nmnivomUH n>n<lf>r. lie uhk, 
|>m1hi|w. Ike ia>liiitr,v iiiKtMUH' of an aullixr aiiiioyati ni hiM oM-ti 
|iai|Milarily. Ills «tx>rkit wvrr for a Umtc liim* piililisluxl Ity liiiii- 
M>ir, ami Im* KlrptiiKHikly o|i|MiNnl tho iltiuaiitl for rlii*n|t «<<lili<>nN, 
•kvtarini; thai Ik> diil nut want any ihic to n<iut h\> ImkiIik who 
rntilii Dill aft>nl to iKiy thrai. " Mocloni Pniiilon* " nml " Tho 
■•■II.- of Yt>«ii«'<« " \»n>rp for a Ion;; (iin«< 8llti\vi>«l to go out of 
|iriiit. Riit thr |iul>l|p t riuiii|ilio<l over Mr. ItHHkin's Mcrii|>l<-H, 
ami in cvory lihrar}- «x>rlhy o( tin- nnmo lhi> i;n<at nrl t«H'hiT"» 
«Titin|p> mu»t alwayii oiTii|iy a priNuinoiil plain*. 

• • • * 

Tkc annual rpimrl by Mr. J. T. Clark, tU" kt^-jier of the 
.A<lviinit>>«' Lilirary, KalinlMirith, Ktat<>?% tliat tiM' n<Ht>MHlon<< to 
llx- lil.r.iry UkI yi>ar nunilH>n-<l 4ll,t«H. l.Hotl Ifm than in 1MI«, 
IhiI Kt,l:)8 niorf than in 17W. Tlio nHMl vnlimlik- \min IIi<> nrif;inal 
ninnUM-ript of " Marinion," lMM|Ut>nlhc<l liy tlii> l)ili> Sir Willinni 
An^i-tnt KnuM-r. Thit in tho Mi*on<l S<v>tt nuiMiiMoripl tho 
lilirary lian roocivoil, tho othor Im'Iiij; tho iiiuiiiiMTipt of 
•■ Wii\«Tli'y," pri-M-nto*! I>y Mr. JnnH~« Hall, in IS.VI. Tho r<'|K>rl 
n-nii»(l» UN that it «iu> tho jiopuUrity of " Marniion " whioh lo<l 
Couklalilo to axk Hallantyno to proMTV<>all thoS<i>lt iiuiiiiim-riptN. 
(>n tiio fly-loaf of the MS. of " K<ikoliy " t hon> in a uoto liy 
('<Mt»Ublo that tho oriKinal MK. of " Tho Lay of tho LahI 
MiiiMrot " had not lioon pn-Horvod, " Kurh thin^o* not hnrini; 
lioon thoti^il ini|K>rtant till tho piililioatioii of ' Mannion,' 
uhon I ilo«ir«-4l Mr. linllaiilyno to proHorvo tho niaiinsc'ript for 
iiM'." Tin" niniiUM-ript of •• Wavorloy " w»h M-t-urtNl liy Mr. 
Halt for forty puim-a«. For that of " Mannion " (pnrvlMi>o<l at 
tho <'ml«-ll halo in 1M17) Kir William Anf^iistnK KraHor |Mii<l lill 
giiiiH<n!>. Ho, boHvvor, rofitM-il an ollor tif £1,5UU for it in 18U7. 

• • « • 
Livorpool baa alinoat aa ntuob r«uutn to Im> invl<>fiil to Mr. 

Hutch Krttlorick Honiliy, a I/ivor|MMi| inon-hiiiit who clio<l 
rortmtly. a» Manobo<<l<-r t<i Mrv. Kyl»n<U. .Mr. Hornby h»N not 
only loft hU art library and pillory of <>n);ruvinpt to tho oily of 
l.ivfr|>i>>1, but alMi £1<I,U(NI t4i»HnlK a bnildiiiK for thi* oxhibiti<in 
'■aMiro«. Tho |arp' oilloolion of iMiokN, piotiiroH, and 
.'• i* til <t|iinl valuo fntni an .irli<<lio and ii |N><-iniiary 
|it>iul of viow. Lit4>nituro i* md im woll roprOMontod nn art, bnt 
iImto ar<> niitny ini|Mirtant o4iunty biHtorioN, a omipbdo not of tho 
Kolnnonit i'rtNw pnbli<-atioiw. and a f<dio ctiilinn of I^a Kontnino. 
The binding of tbc LaKmdaino, by DrmnM>, ix of ^r<<nt valno. 

• • • • 

Tho Ikhi. aeervlary of tho Library A>>wM-iation hukki-kIm a 
j:r>noral library iiinr«lM*nt lai bohalf of tho uivifi and fnniilii-H of 
M>l<lion> ami xailorM in South Africa, Tho piibtio llbniriox 

«-ff*rtainly afff^rd a tni.iiii„ ffir lirilt!/iii;' :iiiim';iI.. ttf llii. Litul lu-fiifo 

tbrpubli' 

• *   

ThPTf i« a pndMhility of th<< llln«ry iiT the lato HIr John T. 
'"■■  .1 by tlM> ('orimration «if Diddln. Tho 

>rifal aiul antiijuarian work*, ndaliiiK to 
Inlaiul .V lal city. Many of tho iMNthn oontain oopioua 

aiiiMplali<-i .r lato"«miH-r. It wnulil Im< a pity if a library 

al tmek ru'w obould lio iiralt<>n<d. 



©bituav^. 



JOHN RUSKIN. 

Whon a jrront iiiiin dies, liis doiilli is ofloi 
indlHoriiniuato oniony, and a fow yoars liilor tlii 
opitaph liaM to Ih> r«yonHidoro«l. In tho m^' 
luiwwor, wo fool that it in jmnsiblo ovon no' 
|MMition without oxaR^roration. For a i-old ni 
Klonato oritioinni of ono to whom tho world < 
niuid wait, |M'rhai>K, for Hfty yoara, pi-rhaiw for « 
Mr. ItuNkin virtually ojotunl hiH oartvr aonic 
Urnkx an> claHNioH, and there oan Holdom lir 
thoro in a iM'tlor ohaiio<< of n true oatiuiato Udnn 
wnric at tho nioinont of his death. 

HiM life was tho unovoiitfnl ono of a wrili 
HiHfntli<-r was a wino nioroluini "nn ontiroly In 
KuHkiii i-allM him but. at tho Minii* tiiuo, A man ' 
lovo ol art. .lohn KtiHkin himself was born on F 
at .>!, llnnlor-s(ro<'t, HrunK\viok-s<|naro. bnt his f 
wanlNHoKlotlat Horn(>-hill. Ho wns<>dnoa(o<t]>rivi 
the usual tast*')* of a clever lM>y, writing vorHoa, 
pli-asure such Nubj(>i-tHaHarohitec(nroand niinoni 
lion was nnn-h assisted by his' acooni|HiMyinK liis f 
iiOKs tours, during which, in private picluro piller 
scenery, tho turn li>arnl much from llie cnl(uro< 
Ho entered Christ ("hiircli as a Kontlenmn-connn 
IKIIT, won the Nowdipilo in IKIJU with a ihkmii n 
Kleplmnta," anil obtainisl in IH-t'i, iM'iii); tlio 
l-lonoiirs iSchooU, nn honorary four! h class in Lit 
and in mathcmntioH, a distinction at that titmt 
fcrrod on |iassuH'n of uioro than eommon merit. 
Inh'ii linikon ; jHirtly by a devotion t<i |iaintinK< 
lessons fr<im Copley FioldiiiK and ,lunios Hardiuj 
a foroiKii ti)ur in IH-KI, when ho woid to t 
Florence, and wintonKi al Honw. This was t 
ho lirNt mot Turner, whoso work profoundly 
IhronKhout his life. Turni'r was (W> ; his w 
Ms-niotl to Im> (rnidnaily declining, though 
that ho now |M-rcoivo<l a revival of tlieiu; and hir 
pictures hiul Inh-u th<^ Hubj<>c.t of a slroUK ntlai 
Mii<l<izi>tr. " An to Vuniet*, nothiuK can lie 
charaot<>r " that was the opinion oxpri'»is4'<l 
and gt'noruUy Hliareil by a public. JCuskin's llr 
was a iNiinphlot in dofon<-c of Turner, in whir 
of f(r<*al oliM|Uolu-<>, ho op|MiM>d IMai-kwiNMl » 
" Yes, Mr. Turner, wo Br<> in N'enice now." Tl 
to a (;r<-at IsKtk, the faminis " MiKlerii I'aii 
vtdnnio of which wiis pulilishe<l in IM'A, and tli 
not until ItStMI. Cuiicurrcntly with " Mialoni 
pnalucod the " Ki-ven Lnin|w of Architecture," 
of Nonice," which is a si«|u<'l, and, as far as \pv 
an aniplilialion, of the " S<-von J^m|(s." Tl 
reproM-ut the " s«>von lamps which are the 
UimI " in the Aisa-alypso. The m-coimI niul 
the " Stones of Vi-nice " and the last of tin- " M 
wore illnslrHt<-d by Mr. liuskin's own ilrauiuK". 
most iui|sirtaid Issiks ; alto)(otlicr lii>> pulilicati 
NJ'Vonly. Tln-y coitaist chiolly of rcpriidod 
the faiM-iful tHU'H which Mr. Huskin loved ; th 



Jamiury 27, 1900.] 



LITKKATUHR 



A eonplete Ruakin biblloffniphjr woiiltl oooupjr too mneb at 

our K|>n4M*. Wi< kIvo Im<I<iw » rhronnloKy of hi* vtiU'f wrilililfi, aa 
nivvn 111 tliu .St. Jnuut'i OatttU of Miiiidity Inat. 
IW-l'oetry <rf 



ill 



Archlteoturo 

• ''ctiaslitr. 
ititit (New 



im:i 


MtMlrni I'niiitrn*, Vlil. 1. 


IHM 


Mutlrrn l*nliil«ir». *o1. II, 


\MU 


H«v»ii UtinfM ii: iiiro. 


I"..! 


Kliitf uf th« 1' 




.N'"-'' '  I ..i,„. ... , .oil of 




I'r' iHlil. 




<l..,,. ,,f VullU«, ¥1(1. i. 


1- .; 


-Ion, iif Vcnioc, vol". II. •mi 



im I'ntnlbNiMt. 

IMA— MowMiix and UIIm. 

urn i-n>wnor Wikt UUrot, KUiiai 

of (he liual. 
Utt Tlm« And Tld« bjr Wean and 

Tjmr. 
IMW- giineii iif the Air. 
IMTii mriinl LecTtUfWi. 
1H71W K. <■•■■ - - 

inn Til. 

.\ni' 
1873 Arlwlne Kliirenttua. 

l.ove'« Mnliilv. 
I87t Vkl d'Anio. 
ll(7& i'niMirplna. 
I>eiio<Ulon. 
Uri't 81. MHrk'« l(e«l. Tba Iawi 

of KlnHOln. 
inn Kloni«nl> »t KiiKll<h IVtMody. 
.\rniwi< o( tho (hiire la rnllea'' 
ll»n ol mlKoaUaiMMma letleni). 
ltHV8l Kirllon. Wit and Koul. in 

" NInetaonUi nmiliif7." 
IMl— Our Kitthen hiivo Tolil ('• 

iHIMr nf \liik-ii«l. 
IMKI An 'I. 

IWI l>l< 1,-I.iihI. 

lt«U-A k.MKIK ^ r.iiih. 

I'nrli'ritii, VoL I. 
IIW lYipU'ritK, vol. 11. 
in?- i>nt<U)rlU«, vol. III. (Iwo  Imp 
ten). 



is.>l (llutliiiuKlhin Work^nt I'ndun. 
Lvftiinv) nil .\rvhll<M:tun) »ud 

CiiliilliiK. 
OpeniriKor thol'ryatal IhUace 
I iitiKliltinwl In Homo t>f \tn 
lli'InliiiiiM to tho l*ru<pvoU uf 
All. 
IHUMliiiiH lie's NolCH on tho Itojral 

.\rH(tiMny. 
IV« .Moilorii l>aluterH, vulx. 111. and 
Iv. 
Noli'M 111! Tiiriirr (Inllory at 

MiirllHiniiiKh lliiii~e. 
N'olr» III Tiiriior'H tlarboiirti of 
Knglond. 
1847 I'ollHral |ik-oiioniy of .Art anil 

« Truatlw on lira wing, 
llttS Thi) Two I'ulhM. 
ItWO Modvrn INkhiterH, vol. v. 

Tlio Ihiril viiliiiiio of Mr. ii. Alton'ti reprint of PH.KrKitiTA 
(.")N.) has jiint Ik>«>ii piililinhiMl Mimiiltniii><>iiMly with "Tho Olil 
Kimil," rufiTi-oil t<> Im>1<)\v. Thin tliirti vuliiiiiii (.■oiitniim alwi lli«« 
two <-liiip(i<rN fnlii'tt " DiUvtii " piililiNlii'tl in 18HO-X7, with » 
fiirthiT ptirt of " Dilortii " hitherto iiiipiililiNhctI, niul a full 
iii)l<>x to till thf llir<-« voliiiiH'H. 

Kiiskin'H iiillii)'iii-<< hh nil nrl trnclivr ha.M, to a gn*nt 
rxt4>iit, oxhniiNt(Ml it-scir. A spiril of MvptifiHni in ahniiul an to 
th<< <>lliii-nl .sii|<> of iirt which wns fho rfiitiv of his tcat-liiiiK. 
.Villi iiiM> nii|;hl HJiiiiml Miiy thnl his siH-iiil <liH-triii<>N ur<< n-Kunhil 
with lis niiirh r<>N|M>t't — for horc ho is still th<> iiin.Ht«>r of n m-IiooI - 
us his iirtistii'. Hut ns n writorof Kiit;lisli pros«> ho will iihviiys Im< 
)>iHM'iiiiii<>iit. Mis styU' is souM>liiMos si>lf-i'oiisfious ; ho in r««|(mi- 
.sililo fiirsoinoof tho nfTortalioii ami phrn.soolojfy wliioli wonHNooiato 
with art ; ho is ofloii prolix and soiiiotiiiii>s niliiiiilaiit. But ho 
dill not fouiiil hinisolf for iiolhiiif; on MiHikor, (toorgc HorlM-rt, 
and tho Hililo. With Nownuin, whoNO inothod wiut far siinplor 
and moro diroot, ho ranks us on<> of tho ({wat pnwt> writors of 
Kii^lish lilorntiiro, for his wi-alth of inia)(i>ry, his HiioVar for 
rli.vthin, his roady nso of llio arlilli-os whirh niakos for iM-auty 
and liu'idity, niiil his niat;iiillfoiit ooinninnd of wonis, I.,<<t lis 
<|iioto, nioro or loss at raiidoin, froiii tho (linM' voliinios just 
piililislKil, oontaiiiiiit; iiiisoollaiiisius ossays on art and litonitiirt> 
and other siihjools, iiinlor tlio title On tiik (>I'K!( Koad (Ci. .\llon, 
5s. raoh vol.) a |M«.ssa)to on tho roniinisooiiifM of Mr. \V. II, 
Harrison, his " first «litor " :-- 

What will tho piihlie, so vif^iroiisly siislaiiif<«l l>y thCMO, 
oai-o to hoar of llu' lovoly writers of old days, i|uaiiil on-aliin>!« 
that they woit> '! .Merry Miss Mitforil. aetnnlly living; in tho 
coiiiitry, ni-tnnlly walking in it, loviiij; it, and IliidiiiK history 
eiioii^rli ill till- life of llie liiilrhor's lH)y, and n>iiianc«< onoiiKh 
in the story of tho miller's dniijihter, to ooen|iy all h«>r mind 
with, iiiiiiH'ont of troubles eoiii-ernin^ tho Tiirki-'h i|iH>..<lioii : 
utoady-ifoiii}; old Karlinm, eonfossin); nolxxly luit the .Inekilaw of 
Khoiins, and fearless iiliko of liitiinlisiii, Darwinism, ur dis- 



Thb l« tka way Ut wriln : mm! y«t It U wot ff»- • 

nuuit(>rplitr<w, mily from «Nai> notaa pmtkmtituuj V- 
rtwiiiii'H-t'iiMia |wl>lUh<iil In • naifMlni 

Kii*kin waa iM'tf>r m< rMtivlnriilK aa • wrl'- 
ant^ia not 4ainil«l]r «Miaa»tMi Willi ari. " rnt» ib 
Um rafnroMM bataw to tb* parsbtr ,4 Ihc Ulmirvr> in I 
yard, wm Um» tltl<« of an mUbrtWMl* aorlM tt |afi 
r«rnhill Mitf^mt In INIW. Tb>)r wpMloto* Nooial 
ailvaneoil viowa n-wnihlliiK I ha HoalBHal Ibaarlt* irf t 
OHnprlilkm. Kitaklii, hin«v>vr>r. h*iMi(«4 to an tmka 
niany «f M% worka i«tprPMr«l orlcinal mmI «rfnlle oplali 
Mwn on Ibo wImiIo wiik? auliJiM*! uf prnRvraa, mirfc. ka-— 
tbo illirnily nt lahnur. Tbran «n<m lb* .l»pi«« - 
loant <|iialin«Hl tt> hamlk^. Ilia I— ipiwii nt «•* nm 
KrappU- with Ihom ; ho bad nnt alwIlMl lbr« lbaf«MI| 
Ihoir prineipl»H cannol lir> dlaromnd l>y a >ai>b >4 ipm 
lhi< wf'Ifaro of our wiirktiHMi wa« a nMlli<r alway* Hmr I 
In tho onrly clnyn of Iho WurkinK Mon'a 4'<>lk<K«< br 
|Mirtt<<l iu fiiiintlor. Knth-rii-k l>i-nix>ii Manrii-i', and bi 
»iM> aif lln drawing elanc*. Ill* <|M<>-ial <uli>>rt «hm fnli 
write* : - 

I lovo<l Kmloriok Maurirv, aa rtvry itno did < 

m-ar him, and have lai doiihl h«< did all iliai mj* ii 

do of kimhI in hia day. . . . I li ' 

that tlM< only pn>|N<r aelHail for v 

fallH'rs lir<*<l llii-ni to, iiiMlor nui 

any of their uhmi, ami under eomnH" 

Iho fear of liial lo |niide Iho Hmi. 

Of a piililio nM>rlin;r held at Ihr n>llc|rn in I- 
says : " Hiiskin wna as eliii|iienl a* ever, and aa wildly 
wilh Iho nM>n." In later life Mr. Kaakin hrranw wbal 
ealh<<l an uiuieademie pnifiswor. H<* waa Kpdn l^x 
C'amliridp' in 18(17, and roeoivp«| lh<> iloKn<r< nf LL.I). 
own L'niventily, and eK|ieeially with Chrial Churrh and 
his eiHinexion was naturally loii|tor and ehm-r. Ho wa 
Slado I>n>f)-ss4>r of Kino .\rls in IKiO. piil»li»Kn»l »i\ bs 
.S4-iilptur<>, enlitloti " Araira Penlolioi," at ' I wil 

a " Kiiskiii Tonehor of Drawinit" at tho I n > iail 

WHS diiriii); th<-s<> years (hat his vitMm on tbp nanpat 
ninniial lalMinr with inlelli><-tiial life wnrm •oaanrkai 
t<>Mto<l liy a d«'Vot«il Imiid of niulorinvilnatoa who a' 
wtirk of nwdmnkinic umlor his din<oli4ina. Tbo ' 
Ofxirito waa foniidoti at Hbeflk>ld in IM7I to b« 
hia ideal nf life into ' prartiro. In IMTII bo «a* r 
to (ho .Slado Prnfoamirship, anal aipiin in IMS. w 
erowds nf onlhiisiaatio listeners «T>r<> «> ifrml Ihal raob 
hail to Im- dolivonil a sratHid time. In IIm' follinHnir ; 
pnifosMiirstiip was reniKiMil in oonwsiiH'int* iif ill-boallh. 
romainder of his life haa Ih<oii s|ion( in relirrwoni. Mil 
iM-easional li(eniry work, at Cimislon. li waa aa I 
IH1>1 that ho pnlilishofl a volnroo nf |ii<oan aiitt a i 
hiMKl and rarly liff. B<it |HM<(ry waa nui bb tr«S  
e.\prow>ion. 

For MNiw roant paat bo baa liwil ia Ibo 
nf tho lakoM and nionntains thai bo bivod. Ilia 
was over : tho Itadlo^ of his prinM* a nH m bt Iboir 
on llio aelivity and lailaiM'o of hia mind. Ilo h 
lio«<n «lili)n<d lo forgo tho lahoura Ibat ho htvod. It 
Juno, IWU, that ho wrote ibo laal rhaplor in bia ai 
auloliioftraphy - " Prn'ti-rila." •• I'lair Hnnor," bo twirt 
an old friend, " i( will m>ver bold pon aicain. Woll. It 
mo in(o ninoh tnnililo ; porhapn it ia bHt«r ao." D« 
last few w<s>ka Mr. Kiiskin's wraknow* had 
....I »■. 'ri..._j.» I.. i..> _»«b k« _^. .o.-i 



M 



r.ITKIUTURE. 



[January 



vkMi forilMir rHkvriMw nwd «ot bv tiMui-, h<- imil 

' witk " tk« p>«itln art nt maklnit ciu>niir«." 

Il«» hfM. ao iTitH'ral triitlM, tlMt art •hoNM cntor into t-vpry- 

day Mtf anal UlitHir : that it wa« the •sprf>iMi<>ii <if iiinirH 

plNMMi* hi M* hamliwiirk ; tiMt th«> art ot a oninirr mm tht> 

vxyMM«i «( its anrial and poliliml virtnra. In fine fttrni or 

r, U WW tn br iiM> cntilntllinit aipMil of riviliuNi llfo. It 
I Ut * ii> i n '« tlM> rrliiTMNiK nrnlinipnta nf mrn, to pi>rfi<et lh«>ir 
■tatr. to fin Ihem material i«<rvir<>. It* <>ntire vitality 
« l>fl« i > i l« « l npnn iln hrinK ritber full nf tmtli nr full nf iihp ; it 
nmM nut rxint alnno or for itnrlr, l««t only when it " iiljitctl a 
Imr thinit. or Miomml m f r *i wM > om*." Ho illd ii i;r<>at it<>al 
lo pnfMilariBP art. Many p wipl* wIm CVMilil not ctiiliiro I ho jarp>n 
irf nnlinarr art rriliriiMl rwd Kwtkin, ami roiiiHl in hi» writinfpt 
• iifw tailh, fir np«r rraaoiM for tlM> hitli thnt wan in thfMii. <>nt> 
 iW Mh f hnvk many BaglWl lniri*llon> havi> inHpf^-tofl Italy by 
tkm IIkM of bin " Hrrwi LaaipH," or havo taken tho " MttHii^s of 
Vraie* " with thom to that city. Thoy >w»rf» not iMMikn ror thf> 
pmUnaitMMl arrhit<>ot, but for thf> intrlligont lay rt-ailor, who 
forU that, in fiimfitirxinir <if arrbfn, ro<ifii, winfltraii, and tlii> likf-, 
Kmkin lirinpt him son^ilily noarer to a roin|ir«>lH>ii<>ii>ii o( art in 
arrhitwtnrp. M> tlo not nipnn that Kii:<kin'!i wholo intoiition was 
lo pnpalarixr art among: the ifcnorant : but hin IniokM often hnil 
tbr fHk<<rt fif tloinjt no, or, af lonMt, of Ntiinnlntini; tho puhlir lo 
an intprmt in art, aiul. what wan nxm' important, of l<«<liM(: llivni 
lu rpfpinl it •« a matter of lutiunal ami imlriolic iimrorn. 

Hi* litorary |iowi>r, his Kuthrtic HOiiHibility, and his kiM-n 
I Kuakin ftne of tho greatt-st art critini of the 
art rritieiam may be naid to have lM>|;iin with 

80 mmUf <U<1 he pmietralo below tlin iturfaee of thinfr* 
thak M «M mM of hiai that "by a marvelluu* inMpiration of 
k« attailied at one leap to a true conception of mtslievnl 
I d minute «tn<ly hail not piintHl for othem." He 
wait an inlerpretar, aad not'alu-ayN exempt froin the ilanRem of 
intuitive inlerpMtation. His artistic nympnthieit hatl their 
liaitn. He difl not apprf><-iato ('onstable, and his <levotion 
to the early paiatera of Italy tlid not extend to thoae of 
the IhitfA Kcbfwl. Koaaetti, inde«-d. mid that his work 
wmt ao* CTJ Ii ci i a. bat brilliant poetical rhaps<Mly. But his 
^■■QByviaa, aa ia the eaae of Turner, were not much Iteyond 
thoM wUeh are always ohacaeteriatic of an entbiisiaat trachiuK 
aew tnrtha. It waa aftairaMon for Turner that orifrinnlly 
pmmptofl him to write. Turmr was not wholly pleaaed with 
Kaakin's paneKyrira. The laudation ia aasunslly overdone. \o 
painler in the Wf>rld, or any other human heiu);, ever reached 
the stupemiiMH caiincDoe attributcfl toTurtM>r in such a aenti'nce 
aa this :- -" He is above all eriticijun, beyond all animatlvemiun, 
beyoad aU |iraisa Hia works are not to lie reeetvtNl na in any 
way smIiIiw ta or aatter* of opinion, but of faith." But wv must 
aauke aW o wanfa ff>r a yowic satUos who imaitinetl t hnt he was 
pmlactiatr, ami almcwt fatrodaelng. an old o«f>. I( wns in mn<-h 
the saaw spirit tif ([enernsity that Kiiskin defended tlie Pre- 
MaplMaliteB with bis pen : and with his purse, as is well known, 
reatfarad Mwir laadar, Hwaaatli. " eoaffn-iahle in his professiiinnl 
paaitina." He mU thai BnaaeUi anil his friends ••omtioMfl a 
ibouaand tiMca better than the Bie« wlio pretenib>fl to Usik ilowv 
upoa IImwi. ami that Sniclaad inaulted the Mlrenitth irf ber 

; ehiMfen. That waa aaiil whan be and tbf>y were voubk. 
i mar* deti h tratety, KnaUn simke nf " the viKomna 
bitaiesllag laaltalie aebaol of our own, in nMMb*ni 
tliai. BMialy I(w>wm to the pahlir hr llolman linnl's  l.iicht <if 
the Wo(M ' : HMNwh, I believe, (ierivi UK its first, oritfin from 



■vfc aHnya of the nmt practical ktnil. nor did 
to he praeti<«l. He would (mint si>mc frhirioii 
d<>clar<< thnt he had " nftthiii); to do with itx |m»( 
with itx iiiilisponHability." We do not know 
imrallel for so ninch eMihasiaHni, so (Niriif^Mt a s) 
so complete a sense nf lif^nty In tliinpi, in ' 
actiim. He may fail hI tiiiif^ to coinmnnd »sM>n< 
nionienl can \\v wish any of IiIh wiinls uns|Mikcn 
as a man was well worthy of a WTlter, inspi 
iileals. Few men havo matte unch a disinterextf 
in ilonalionH, endfiwmenta, foundations, ami in | 
AmoiiK his private benefactions may lie men 
which he (tave lo Miss Oclnviii Hill for her work 
With the fortune left him by his fit) her and II 
mi^lit have mnile out of his Issiks, Kuskin coni 
iliiil in luxury. He chose nillier to devote h 
works. It was as a tribute lo the man ni 
writer that in c«»U'l»ration of his ei|t)itietb birtl 
was presentfMl to him IsMt year by adislin 
signatorif^, heafletl by tlie I'rinco f»f Walctt, 
ili>e|>f~4t res|)f>et and sinccri'st affii-tion." 
uttered nothinj! I»ase. All that he wrote, thin 
often to the heart as to the head, is an ap|M-al I 
of our nalun*, an exlinrlntion to iliHcern ItetweiM 



MR. R. D. BLACK MOKR. 
The death of Mr. K. D. Blackmore was hn 
He had Is'en in |)Oor health for some consideraMi 
seventy-llvo years of apt*. While he was one ol 
and retlrinj: of our novelists, he wiis also one 1 
critics. es|)erially those of West Country orip 
was the l)f»st of his jreneratlon. He shrank frn 
ns from the accnrsfNl lliinK- Attempts were ofto 
him ns " the ppiest of the evenlnjt '" nt frreal I 
hut almost iiivHrinldy without success. Mr. I 
the Biiokscllers' Dinner on May 2. 18B6. said t 
more, amtmg other reasims for belnft unable tt 
that he had only one drem coat, and that ha< 
father, and waa still two sixes too small for him.' 
interviewer was spread for him in vain. Hisonei 
publicity lay in iloin^r the best work he conid 
on in middle life before the irreat mass of nf 
familiar with his name. Wide fame only came 
publication of " T/orna DiHtne " in his forty 
the success of " Loma Doiuie " wiis by no mea 
The multitude liei^n to read it Iiecaiise tin 
their heads that it had somethinn; to do wil 
Ijnrnr ami the Prim-ess Ixniise. Ilwnsnslupi 
ser^'cfl a nsefid purjiose. The new novelist «iis 
covered " : and the |)opiiIarity of " Ixmia IVh 
lishiil on a Arm basis, never ceaseil. If is rccont 
of one of the editions that one of the aiithoi 
wrote to him to say thnt the liof>k was almost a 
croain. .Mr. Blackmore himself resentful this 
Kroiifid that it did nn injustice to the most d< 
CiMintry comeatiblf>s ; but " I»mn IVone " am 
have at IntM this ipuillty in common, that lioth ' 
aflnpt a familiar simile, lo brinf; the scent of th 
over the foot-liffhlN. There are no novels, w 
exiM'plion of Nome nf Kcntl's, so completely 
imbued with e-  np 

" liK-al colour. K'lhi 



.Iiiimury 27. 1900.] 



UTKRATt'KK. 



I 



i 



hownvor, In " Tbr MaUl of Kk«ir " -Uw atory whl«li, n»sl. to 
" L»riiii IhMiiu^ " ilM'lf, U tlM< «U<«niil or all lik aUivi** |(i 11m 
iMtarU iif hit \V(o«t ('<>uiilr.v r<*a4l<*n. ilix irfh«r novala w*m 
*' ('lara Vuuiflinii," " C'ra<liH-k Ni«wiMI," " Alli-«» Uirralin'," 
" (!rip|ii> llw Currirr," " KraMiw," *1 Mary Aiixrlry," " Ui'inark- 
nlilo llUtoryor Sir Thoiaan t'|iim>TC)," " Kit ami Kilty," " IVrly- 
pnwN," >Vc. Hi- n\mi piilillnlM'il mium^ |MM<tn»aiMl a tranxlatUm of tlii< 
<Six>r|{i<'» " liy n iiuirlii<l-K<k>^l«*»«*r. " llt^ waN nl Hliimlt*!)'* Mt^hoitl, 
Tlv«>rtou, with III!" |)r<«M<nl ArcliliiHhop i>r Ciinlt'rhiiry, n whntar 
of Kx^ior Collt'P', Oxfiinl CiiMl ■•Ium In " (•»<•(■) ") ninl ImmI 
prartlMxt for iuiiim> tinic< iit tlic liar. Hi* faiiH< will iititU<tt tluit 
of nuiuy niivi'linlx wlwi lmv<< Imh-k lipt(4>r a<lv<>rtii>r«t ami enjnyvi 
lar|;i<r ntliii. 

MK. a. W. STKK\ KNS. 

Townitli llic ctiil of litti wm-lc tli«< I^ailyxmitli hi-lH>|{ra|>li 
x|H<ll. mil, tli« xuil iioW'i i>( tho doath l>y oiilcrir h'Vi<r, in the 
lilockiiilMl town, cif Mr. (!. \V. Sttt'vrnx, in th<> fipinion nl many 
tlif nioiir lirilliiiiit ili'»rri|i(ivi> joiirnalixt of litH (itiM> : i-trtaiiily 
Mio iMiml hi-illiHiil i>r I III* yoiiiiKor liifii. il in iiiurvi-lloii* t4> think 
Hint hi' iliil to niiirli \vliil<> lif wrh still wi yimiiK' M4* wnn only 
thirty wliiMi ho iliitl, iiiiil liix iianH* wiik itlrfnily fiuiiiliar tn cvt^y 
m'WMpapt'r roadi-r in llu< KiiKlinb-HiM-akinK wurlcl. Anil hin l»*«t 
no\vx|Mi|M>r work iimy miik not ax Jiinrnnlixin, liui aa litrratiirp. 

Hill (■ur«.>rr wnx iiii ohJi'Ot-U-Mxon in tli<> iiHt>riiliir>KM of th«M<> 
pHiirulional rinlouiiuMitx whirh link lh<< hiiiiilili>xt with the 
liiKhcxt xiMilx III' ImrniiiK ill lh« iiiiinlrv. II lii< hail no) Iniiii 
iiliUi to will Nclioliu'sliips ho woiilil luivo hail to l>o|{iii lifp ax a 
cliM-lv in a liaiik or a Iioiino of biixinoxx. Hut ho wuii them, aiiil n 
pxiil iMtiiralioii with thoiii, wliPiovor tlipy wcro to ho won at 
tho City of Loiiilon Sclinol, and nt ilnlliol C'olli>f^<, Oxfotil. Ho 
wiui u llrxt-claxs man (Ixith in " MikIn '" and " (tn>nt.s "), f/ntximr 
afrfMit for tlio Hi-rtford, and a Fellow of Poiiilirokc. He 
learnt (•criimii, and H|io<-ialis(Hl in metaphyxiex. A rcvicw 
whii-li he wroU; of Mr. Hiilfour'x " Koiiiidationx of IteliKioux 
llelii'f " xliowed Ihav niiu'h more ilecply than Iho aver»({o 
joiiriiiklist ho hnil Mliidii-d the Hiilije<-ts niMiiit which philoxo- 
pliPi-x doiilil ; and liix tirxt Ixxik -" Monologues of tho Dead " 
~ t'xtaliliNJuHl Ilix elaiiii to Heholarxhiii. Some rrilies culleil 
them viilpir ; and they certjiinly were frivoloiiN. But they 
proved two thinpi that Mr. Sliwenx had a lively moiihc of 
hiiiiioiir, and that he hail n>ail tho claiiKieH to xomo piir|M>Ho. The 
iiioiioliiKno of Xaiitipiio in whieh xho KHve her euiid id opinion 
of SiKTutoM- ^-ax, in itx way, and within itHliinitx, a nia»torpi<H-o. 

lint It wax not by thix xurt of work tliat Mr. >St<H}vcnx was 
to will his wido |Mipiilarity ; fow writers, when one euiiiex to 
think of it, do win wide |Mipiilarity hy means of elaxxical jftw 
il'tjiprit. \t the time when liu wax throwiiiK tlieiu olT, ho wnw alao 
throwiiiK oil " Oec. Notes " for the I'ltlt Mall (tautU. He 
wa.s reekoii(>(l the humorist /xir m-W/fiirr of that journal in the 
j-eaiM when, iiiider the islitorxhip of Mr. Ciist. it was almost 
eiitiii"Iy written liy humorists. He was one of t he sei-eilers on 
(ho (M'nixioii of Mr. Cuxt'x r«>tirt>meiit, and o<*enpi<<<l tho leisnn* 
that then pres4Mil<>«l itself in writing his Imok on " Naval 
Polley." His real elianee in life eanio when ho waa sent to 
America for tho Ihtitif Mail. It was a lieltor ehane<« than it 
mi);lit have lieeii, iHMmiiso that iHtwx|m|M>r did nut publish hia 
letters nt irroKular intervals, as usually hnp|>eiis, but in an 
unbroken ilaily sisinenee. They instantly arrestisl altentiim ; 
and they wore well rtn-eivisl when they w«>re rt>pnblish<<tl in Ixmk 
form under the title of "The l>and of the Dollar." Other 
OM'iirsioiis rolli>w(><l- to l<4{ypt, to India, to Turkey, to I'l HMIliji. 
to Keliii«>s. til flu- Siiilnn- mill t.h<* U-ttiirs. In nliiMMt evnrv naan. 



•lao «M ooe at tke few wribta vbo kam kivaiBkl to J* 
Iko tahmla, MMI aywiMliiii*. aad t<Mwh kUtmr*» f«a 

Imloiittiiiir inn«« prnjirrly Ut Um vr.i< r .^ a. i,.m. |i 
drrn . T. I'. O'C'oantir. «i '••a, 

the . • of tiM< plllag llay Ha^vriiint »• .av tlflm 

OR Ml etriiiiig papor. with prtMM* olaaMwiag tar wfir. 
bagiaaiiMC of Um ttory aMiMlljr iMd to h* ■iIIIib hi 
•Ml of tb« atovy waa In alckt. or tJw ptM* ti tkm wt/mm 
k«4ot«rmla«L Mr. tHimnmm %»iU ttm mm mapmimm 

trttato UmA mmI Mr* Mm alMM UmIm tl 

•ad, m% thx mmm Umm, Umtw mmrr *<f«> fp'j Mtii 

g»Y«  ■mro eoOThiofan lapiiail m ikut tkm iklag kapp 
tbo wriirr J— a ri hwl U. 



Tb« ilMtli ia alao aaaMinml ttf Caxov DiioM, * 
Warkwf>rlh. Ho wax at I'lwbrolio C'ollaB*. (MoH. •• I 
when Burno Jnnea ami William Morrta www at fcator. i 
the AnioM, and llie priao fur % mei*4 pooa. Ki> eoai 
mime intertsitinic n-miiiia«Miem of klaOsfctd IMi to Mr. U 
" Life of William Morria." Hia port til worfea in>n> " 
Coniiiany ami otiirr Ponw*." " IWa tort M l <M»a," •* Ol 
KVIoKiNv." " Mano." " Lyrical Puww." mmI " TW I 
Kndoria ami Her BmtherH." Then* wnm thnmr—Hr. K« 
aiiM>iiK them -who thoiiicht that be mlKht wrllluiTrtHraa|i 
to Kuce«<«sl Teniiyxon an Lattmit4«. Ho alau wiut«> a " HI 
the fhunh of Eii((laml trgm tko Tiae of tke AbuHtki 
Roman Jiirixcllction." 



(rorrc8pon&cncc. 

I 

-^ — 

•*HAS BROWNING A VOGUE?' 
TO THS KUITOR. 
Sir, In hix int«r«atiiig iUaoMaioN of ih» %mm>i 
BrowiiiuR'x vo|pio in last wwok'a Ulmmtmn Mr. AHIhm 
has, I think, not takiMt iato aaWetaiit aw o a at gwo Imi^ 
of late ywira liel|N<d t4i incNMao lar^ily tlw aMBkar of th 
rvodera. Biowniiv Ihm haa* Imp aoaM tiMB a tovwwlla 
for Unirenity Mitaaaiiwi laatatoa. aad tlwfw ia ao UlMH 
to whieh beartM aro amro attiaatai. W k ataw w pari 
country lie ehoaaa. wbetber I^nndwi awl ita aakafte, c 
catkodral ritiea and rooa^ towaa. or aortl w ra aM«ate 
eentr«a, or hahionahio health rwnvta, t here ia alw«ya aa a 
rorthacminK fer a " r<>afae " apoD Hiiiaalag aa 
whose hitereiit in (ho aal^ieet ahBOat iBTariaMy I 
niort> fully and deeply hia worfca aiw haad le d. 
" Paraet>lxiis," " C'hrUtnMo Kve." aari " Fitaa a» tk* 
are ax seeiiro of it ;:ennino nml often onthusiastio appraei 
the shorter an ' ti pierea. Aad ia aawy «a 

interest is ii.  raadiag tka pOMaa hwl N 

admirably wri I s. Many of tiM papata •« aii 

Urownin«('x p<s--.. -..leh it liaa ber« ay la* to m 
remarkable witnew* to what Mr. WaaiHi ealla 
invlgoratiiiK " qnalilr. It ia noteworthy. 
oxaniiiMtioim are hekl on Tnityaoa aad Browntac togatla 
■leari - on tho iBttortkak Ike hatter aaawMaaeai 

Hrou rse, whMi oofw appraeiatod. aaaaa hgr ita 

eharauteriatMa to flx ilaelf ainw fltmly ia the ah 
Tennywm'i, and to have aMre Inapiriac toreo. Tka m 
Kroniiinit rrma tho Unit lino eT " Paalioa " to f 
'• Vs.ilaiiiln " will. doMMima. alwavm ha ftnr : hot 



04 



LITEHATIIKE. 



[Jamuir)' 



yuar r w iili i i  •intt Kumnuiry of • prIliriaBi on I1m< pUy whieli 
ka* allrarlol  gnttt iktU (4 nnlio<> «m thU hUIc <>( tlit> (.'hniiiii'l. 
TlH>«rrilt>r.Mr.M'.I>.<.'o.viM-,aiiruftlH>Prur«<NM>r<<i>riboCH(holic 
I'Mlrervily l>ilk<c«>. pay* a R<>namua IrilNiio lo Ibo |ii<>niry 
limuly (if Ibo |iu<*fn ; blll,<^>nli■^; to i*xamiiH> it ii» ii ilniiiMHb«rtly 
It! a|i|««r lM4nn< llio iHililic, bo niiiltt biiii-x-lf i-<>iii|m>II)-<I, <iii 
■rtislk' and tHhimI cnxiiHU, lo pninounoo it an im|MMNiliility. 
TIm» faaak on niiirh ho n<KlH bbt critiohtni Ih AriKl«>llo'i> fMinoiiii 
ilHInilian ibal "a ira|co«iy. tiirou|{h iii«|>iriii|: fiwr or pity, offt-t'lH 
Uw |irv|ii*r KathamiK, or purRatioii. of tbiiM> oiuolioiiH." Now 
fmmlm mmd Frmmamrm ia c<MMitially llio KloriUcatioii of a k">I*.v 
p — i nn . Iri wp ha w t in ita (ruiliiMi ii|ioii oarlh, anil ilffyiiiK 
puniOiinont ovoa bpyoiut lh<> gnyf, A play of whicb thin Ih Ibo 
ronlnil ca(m>|>U(m roiut bo no incaiiablo of iiiKplring oilborof 
lb«^M> potoliuiM in an au<lioiic«> Ibal it i« rathor a cniii|t»iiion 
vnlaaw to ijMt fatal Uiok, tbo r<*a<lin(: of wbirli iiruvtti KranfOHoa'a 
rain. Theatory in tbiiH. at nil iiointK, iiimionil. Tlio lovon art* 
trtwn lb«« llrHl M-|ii>>wnto<l aa brou|;bt tojji'lbor by a fiitaliitm 
Im-vuimI tbfir ohii wilU : — 

. . . . ri-oalur<>s lioiiiul 
TuKothrr by that law wbii-b bobU thi- slara 
In imlpitatiiiK «-oMnif paviion liriKlit. 

Their paapiioa ortmils out cvory tlMniKbt but tbat of itn own 
Itralilfatioa ; let come wliat coow, if tlM>y be but to(;utber. 

Wbnl iHTstasy 

Toci-tbor to Im> blown nliout tbo ftlobo ! 

What ni|ilurc in |M>r|M-timl fire to burn 

Tugethir ! 

Ttiry die In one anotltcr's anux, ami Malatonla's ilagp'r only 
— iM a tbeir nnianetanMl ; even be who HUyM thoni alMolvoH thoni : 

nnwilliiiifiy 
Tb<>y lovod : unwillingly I xlow iboni. 

ho lh<' |o*n<'nil n-nult of th«' tlmiiui would !><• to lonvo tlu' 
•>|ioolalor. not, lilco I)anlc> when li<' lioani Kraiici>Mca'H tiilo, <1oh<I 
with torror anil pity, hut mliHflod tbat the vorbl ih well lost for 
lovo : Hut bivo haH <-on<|Ucr<Ml not inon-ly Diwtb, but ju<lKuit*nt. 
IWm ia no hint of rc-buko, no Imwin of wnrniufc that irnilty love 
brinipi ita OW1I whi|M to m^turKf iih. Nor can tbo nutlior pli>a<l 
tliat Im> foond lore triumphant in Danto ; thvro in no noto of 
•• joy in the midmnnt hoart of grM " in FraiM'oaca'ii wail. 
Tkna, with ail ila ItoautioH, tbo play c«nnot truly Im.> ranlco<l 
••  tf^pudr : it ban takcm up tbo tauKled web of lifo, but it ban 
Mat Hmvellod any of it for uk. Tbo poet haa pinrol In-fon^ un ii 
p iolil w dealing with iaaoca that ronrom tbo inmost fabric of life 
•nd ■nriety ; bat he baa loft it un.Holvoil, or, mtlior, iciron uh n 
M>luti<Hi at ouo(> unr<-al and untmo. Youm fnitbrully, 

Dublin. .Ian.. MM). K. C'AHHAN UKKKU. 



Eutbors anb Ipublisbcvs. 



Maae matomaAlmg atolrfiiito have foan<l thi-ir way into tbo 
ne«s|Hiper meamivn nf Mr, Rnallfn. On* hio);nipli<>r Iuih f^mvoly 
that ' ' rl lo pmi-llHO wlial he 

«l. II.'." in l«T7, •' to t'l a 

<l>f . on wkich be Ium aince livml at ilmntwoMl." Ar a tnatt<>r 
of ttd tke an lea of hiaboultadurinic tbo pant olovon yoant at l<«al 
haw Iwoicht him an avoraico prrtflt of £4.1100 a year. It wonbl 
— r pr la i' ibo nnlinary ro«4k*r, iiMlo>.«l, In kiMnr how tbo oironlation 
oC Mr. Knitkin'ii l(or>k« I* atnulily inor<«ain(t. Next wn>k Mr. 
UentfB Allea will pabliafa '■ Oiotlo and hi* Workt in Padiui," 
witk fflj-favr iliiaatmtlaoa fmm tho fmioood in tbo C'ba|(ol of 



TIm> ilhnlrallunK, nnmlierinic lietween ei|;hty  
will alt Im> pboloirravnrm, rt>prtMluco<l not ot 
fanxMiH NnbJortH, lint from llttlo-known ovninpir 
art, inclmlinj; inany froui Mr. Kunkin'H oollootio 
of Turnor'n cttMHT will l>o » I, nnil lb< 

|;ivon, an fnr ni> poxiiiblo, iu < ;il onlor 

'■ John Kuskin : A Skott li ..I lli» Life, H 
OpinioUH, with I'orHonnI Koniini»i-oiuH>« " is tin 
work by .Mr. M. II. .Spidninnn, whicli will Im> 
M<>knrs. CiisM-ll. It will Inoliub- a |>n|M>r liy Mr. 
" Tin- HInck .\.'ts," not yet to la- fotniil in liii 
Mr. Spioluutnn liaH had N|M<oial opfiortunitioM 
from |M>rHoual ao<|iuiintauoo anil rroni knowliN 
ooiu|iany of Mr. nnil Mrw. Arthur Kovorii. 

Thirty yoan* havo inihmimI Him-*' Mr. (ieoi 
publiHiiinK for Mr. HuHkiii with " Vnm ('lavi) 
by (;iviii|{ no (IJMooiuit oven to tlu- bookM-llcnt 
WUM not louK kopt. 

Tlii> viiluo of tho rumouH now iNlitiou.of " M 
at ilM rotiiil priro was nonrly i:°i(l,(KNI, and thi 
H|Mi'inl ImiKl-nmilo copies wu.s over six tons. 
MoHHrH. liiixoil, WhIhou, null \'iuey at Aylesliur 
tliL> H|MH-iiil (Hiition waH MubacribiMl liy tin- tmd 
tiou— 450 ct>pieM in all. 

Mr. Blnckmon* workinl on bravely to t 
amusin); niys<>lf," he lolil a visitor last week, ' 
trnnslntloii of tho Hind," Mr. Blnekmoro was 
and pnblisbod his trnnshitiun of " Tho (Jeor 
will Ite rcuieiiilK-re<l, in 1H71. Curiously onoiif;! 
very well of " I»rnn DiMino " ; it annoyed him 
menti<me<l only in connexion with thiit liook — i 
never nrifton nnytliin;: else. After " Lnrna 
Ijorrnino " wiis pr<ibnl>ly his RiH»ntesl success 
his other stories have sold well, and contiiuie t 
circulation of " Ix>rna I)<sine," it is estiir 
oxcoe<le<I n million copies in this country and i 
Sampson Low, Mnraton ))ul>IiHhed the n<» 
throo-volnmo form ; then it ap|>enre<l in tho h 
and was sulMe<|nently 1>rou);bt out in the halfn^i 
wonderfully well throufjhont. Not long ago 
sixpenny edition, and l.')0,(K)0 copies wvre l)onf 
wHui ns they could Im> printeil ; but i) was tb 
continue its publication in that form and n sli 
in nil prolmbility tnke its place. A vi>rl»nl n^jreeii 
made only nlK>nl n week n^o, wnx the lust nrmn 
lictween Mr. BInckinore nnd his publishers. 
I»w, Marston publish nil Mr. Ftlackmorc'a 
exi-eplion of "The Maid of Sker " (at pro 
M«>Hsr«. BlackwivHl and Hons) nnd "Dnriel," 
thronifli ItlitrktriMyl' I Miujuziiir, and wbicb will 
Messrs. Sinm|>s4Hi I>iw sborlly. 

A loiiK llHt baa liocn ixHUod of tho laMiks 
the f'liirembtn I'n-ss. We undersljind that 
tninsliition into UHNlern Kn);lisb of Kiii); AITr 
vi'rsion of BiM>thiuH is in I he pn^ss. Ijist 
roUMMiilMTisI, tin- Clarendon I'n-ss issutHl 
m-bolnrly o<lili>ui of the Cotton Text in vioi 
anniversiiry of KiuK Alfretl's <biith. AmM-rV ' 
etllKNl by Mr. W. H. HtovoiiHon, is also includt 
The Ms-omI and tbini volinix^ (the Kniclish wi 
Macaulny's oililion of the " Monil (tower " ai 



January 27, 1900.] 



LITERATURE. 



oxroril PnntM. Four vhIiiimw itMiMln tn ho pnhlUhfHl in PrnA<«Mnr 

ArlM'r'x Aiillii>lii);i<-H IIh<; Diiiilmr, tlio Hurri'y hihI Wyatl, iho 
(tolilHiiiitli, mill till- ('iiH|M-r AiilliiiliiKi)'"' 

III till' " HimtimI liiMikH iif (III' Hjiit," III)' flflli imrt U 
iiiMiiiiiiif)'<l (if Mr. ■!. KkK*'"")'''* trnii.iliitiiiii of " Tlii' Sntn|mlhii 
i: iiin," ('iiiii|ili'tiiiK tlint work. " KAiivn Hntii|uitlui 

I. < iiin " In iiIwi iM'iiifc <'ili(<'<l liy Mr. Kt(K''^'>>K ><> "■■' "<'''ii"< 
iif .Viii'iiliilu Oxoiiii'iiHin. Till' M'1-oinl M'rlcn of " Tlit' Hiu-ntl 
H<NikM nt till' h^inl " will Ih< i-iiiii|ilfli'il liy Tliiluiiit'it truii'^laliiMi 
of " UAiiuXliiiftH'x Srllili&xliYli." .\ frc'ili iiiiiiiiiilir<'iiifiit in lliut of 
till' " (irit'ci>-K({y|(liiiii Stiirii'M of llir IIIkIi l'rli'>.lM nf Mi'ni|>liiN," 
«hII(i><I, witli tniiHlaliiiM", fiH'iiinlli'M, itc.liy Mr. Kniiirii (IrlHltli, 
who iilil.H till' iiri'lii<'i>li>t;i<'<>l ri'|Mirti> IhnihiI liy llii' hlKypI KT|ilorii- 
tiiiii Kiiiiil. A iiiitiililo ili'iii ill till' lliiHi|ii);i<-iil Ki'i'l ion iiT till' 
iii'NV lint, it till' HiToiul purl of .Mr. I'. II. Tiirin'r'tt " l^ttiii 
\°i'rNiiiiiN of III!' Cniioii'i of till' (iri'i'k CoiiiiriU of tint Koiirtli unit 
Kiflli ('i'iiturii<>t." Thin imrt will foiiiprl'M' tin- ri-iiiniiiiliT of tlii' 
Ijitlii iiinti-rinl lM'iiriii(j on tin' Nici'iir Coiincil. priii('i|Hilly thi' 
vcmionH, Hoini' Iimi or twi'lvi' in iiiiinlH<r, of tin- Crii'il niiil ('iiiioni. 
AllltiliK llic ollii'r tli<iilo|;i<'»l works in pri-|iiiriilioii iiri' " Ijt'Ki'iiiln 
An((IIn<*<" I'llili'il; l>y ('. llor»tiiiiiii, I'll. I). : " Siinmrilun 
Llturgl«*H," I'lliti'il liy Mr. A. K. i'owloy, oiii- of Ihr liltrtiriiiiiH iit 
th«' BiMn<'iiiii : anil Mr. ('. K. Biirncy's •• Noti-n on tin' Ik'liri'w 
Ti'Xt of till- Hook'4 of Kiiijjs." Xotos liy Mr. ti. .1. Hpnrn'll on 
till' lli'lircw Text of tin' Book of Oi'iii'Mii, nnil liy Profi'Mwir Hinii'r 
on till' Ili'liri'W Ti'Xt of tin' HiMik-i of Siiiniii'l liiivi' nlri'iiily Ihn'Ii 
Ihmiii'iI I>v .Mr. Krowtlo. 



Mr. Fislior I'nwln'n nprlnf; fi««(w>n'« lint, likf IIiomo of iiuiny 
ollior piiliUHlu'rs, incliiili'Niiiiiiiy Imoks liolil ovit from Inxt nntninn. 
Mr. Unwin Iikh lioftnn tlio yi'iir with Mr. Miilliwi'll Hiilcliffo's ni-w 
tiilo of till' Yorksliin' SliM)rlnnils, " SlmiiM'IfHN Wiiyni',' nnil 
Mr. Alcxiinili'r's " Tliniii(;li Kin- to Korlnni'." "Uoliort Omnp'," 
the lonf; iinliripiili'il w>i|ii)'l to " Tin' Si'IiimiI for Sjiinis," Ih iH'iii}; 
PIIsIkmI on willi, " .lolin Olivor IIoIiIm's " linviii); I'oinpli'liil soino 
xixtiiMi rhaptors. Mrs. ("niinio also supplies ono of tho iiiosi 
proiiiisiii); iti'ins in tlii> list in Iho annoiini'cini'iit of her new 
roiiMsly in tlireo acts I'ntitliil " The Wisiloiii of tlii' Wis<' " ; but 
this will probably l>o':H iiiiilsinnMU'r Iniok. Thi- next voluini' of 
Mr. I'nwin's "Story of the Nations" Series n serii's which now 
numbers over llfty volnmes is renily for publication. This is 
I'rofi'ssor I'ietro Orsi's story of " SliHlern Italy, 1718 — 18U8," 
riM'ontly nnnoiinriHl in Litfinturr. It will Ite followi^l by 
a volume on " Mmlerii HlRypt " by Sir .lohn .Seott. One of 
the first of the novels will lie " The Waters of Uleni," by Oiiida, 
n story of Italian life nn<l also, tli(>ii(;h seeomhirily. as a hiriil 
exiKisnre of Italian |M>lilii's. .Another iKKik in which tin- scene 
is iilino'.l wholly laiil in Italy is a new novel by Father Harry 
entitleil " Arileii Masslter," ilealin;; with the last ilnys of n 
^rreat Itiilian lioiisi', as atfeeteil by the inllneni'i^ of the rlrwinf; 
nitieli-enth century. It is a romance of real life, with a rolidions 
ami historic lmck);ronnil. .\ll the r«'|K>rts for the seven volnmes 
of " The Transj\ct ions of the Internalioiml Congress of Women, 
180!(," I'dileil by the Countess of .Xlierdeen, an' in ty|)0, anil Mr. 
L'liwin hoiM-s to have them ready for publication next month. 
Another item in the list is the volume of extracts from the re|Mirt 
of the Koyal Commission on Land in Wah's and Monmonthshire. 
entitled "The Welsh People: Their Orijrin, Ijtn);naK<'. and 
History," anil editiil by Pn>fi>s.sor .lohn Khys and Mr. Dnviil 
Brynmor .Ioiiim*. Q.C., M.P. 

From Iho ))en of the nnthor of " How to Ih> Hnppy Though 
Marriisl " is to come a study of the " Absent-Minded Bi'upir." 
The title will Im' " Mr. Thomas .\tkins." As nn .\rniy ehaplnin 
Mr. Ilanly has known .\tkins at home nnil abroad for twenty-two 
years. Mr. Fisher I'nwin will Ih> the publisher, anil it is 
understood that Mr. Hanly will devot* his pnillts to tlie«'nrfund. 

" The Science of Civilization, or the Principles of Apricul- 
tiiml. Industrial, and Commercial Pros|H>rity." is the title of a 
iMHik by Mr. C. B. Phijison (author of " The Hedemption of 
I^dionr ") to 1m' piiblislieil by Messrs. .Swan Sonnenschein. The 
work claims to n-state the principles of Political FVonomy. the 
hindrances which prevent their development in (in'at Britain, 
nii.l til. .11* i*..iii...tii.u iitiil u.w.L'u ir, ...ji ii.iiuit :. I. .■,*;*«. 1^.*....^... 



wnrfc .Mi Atliteflc Tr.iInliiL' liv Mr. ru.fao' TT. VII« 

of K 

Kn. 

Ihm'I iiiuk-r tbn liUa of 

K...,. I. 

Ttie Knit rrprint fnr mnm* llwn • hntHlml jrmi 
" Clmriiclerlsllfn " of I - '^ «hc 

i'Miiitl bv .Mr. (imiit iiir 

ri-i-  i.iii, iiwii 

•sill .laaw. 1 

will U' ..tM.'.i. >M..i .I..I.-. ...I.I <■ .rill. ..I ii.irtMiiiPiinn 
.lohn M. Ki.lN'rt'Miii. 

The HiiifM* piiblisliiT la aliout to piilillah a work, hy Ml 
Miinn>. di'iilinK with tlw gr<nirlh of Ibit HteWMi* 
iirKaniom, from the earlleat nwonl* In Ihr CBUiUiaiMMi 
Honiaiiov ilytMKty in Uiimin. 

For next MkiH'k Mr. 4 • rant KIrhanI* iimmiiimi •'ml 
Miss AralN'lla Hlmn-, " Fiml mid I^si poem.." A few 
were iirinletl III liook fonn in iMTiH and in IM7)i, ami a 
in IMJU in a Hniall voIuiim' of " Kli'Kii'* ami MeiivirtaU," 
are new. Prnfevuir Dowileii lias |in'flxe<l a short nol 
volniiio. 

.\ iiiimlier of morp or Ima Impnrtani wnrttn fmw 
will Im' publishitl in I.oniloii by Mi-^srs. Puliuiin's Hnn 
thi' ciMirsi' of the next few wis-ks. .\iim.iil-' iIhmii i» 
volume to npiM'nr in a new mtIisi iif " liii. 
to the New Ti-stmiM'nt." e<li(i<«l by I)r   
Synoptic (}iiK|i«d»." by (Ji-orjti' L. Can'v. L.li.i>., i« ifa 
the list, but Its it is not yet ntuly for pnblii-alinn it 
prec<ibsl by the isiiuiiientary nn " TIm' K|iiiitlo iif I 
.\|Histle to the Thessnlonians," hv Priiici|ml Jaiue» Dr 
of Maiichi'ster Collep*. Dxfonl. The liamllxioks, four in 
are to constitute an exeicetical M-rien isiverintf th«' enl 
Ti-stnmeiil anil isiiistructisl on n plan which lulmit* o 
fnssloin than is usual in isiiniiH'ntnries pn>p<>r. Mnr<> pn 
has Ims'Ii kivi'ii to the stnteini-nt of the ri-sulls of tlw 
than to the presentation of its deinits by ini'ans of i 
discussions of qni'stions of {rraniniar, philoji>(ry, ami 
The text us«sl is 4hal of the n<'vis<sl Version. Tkt 
volumes will Im' by Dr. Cone and Dr. Ilinrx P. K.irlim, 

Another iKiok to Im> publinhttl i 
Horatio W. Dn'wH'r's " Voiii-s of I 
Philosophy of Indiviiluality." Soine idea irf lie 
>;athensl from the Hill's of s«'ver»l of the . 
Fnsslom of the Will," " Is there an .\lnoluta 
pretation of the Vednntn," " Inilividnnlism 
• Ideal." .\ third xoIuiim'^ to app- 
."Student's Reverie " in vi'nM> on thi' llli 
evil, I'lititliHl " Christus Victor." Trie aiiinor 
Nehemiah DimIk*'. 

.\ new volume in the " Tali's of the Hemir .Kgvn" 
1m> pnblislnil by Mi-fwrs. Putnams.and will prolwbly np|i> 

diately. This w'ill lie "Frithj-ii ii..\.L r \..r»i»y,»ni 

the Pnlailin of Franco," by - Mm*. 

pn-si'iits the SnKa of Frili, tli.- eiii< 

Ksjiias Teener, the Sweilish nalioiinl |M<et wh' 
part of the pn-st'ut century. The KeiiMid ili»i~ 
the Fn'iich national epic of the eleventh ii-ntury iIcimt 
n'tn'at of Charlemagne anil the hendc striitcxle of the rt 
of Holaiid ami his frieiiil Oliver, who were trappnl in tli 
jforjti-s of the Pyn'tiifs. 

The series " Heroes of the V ' 
by the addition of a volnnv <■ 

men who idnyeit very pmmineni |i;iris m K.M..rm.iii.in 
but who wen' not in the front rank. TIh" (Irsf of 
Baltha.sar Hubinnier, tlie tlioolo|rian of '" 
tierniany ami Swilwrlanil. l»y the Hev. il 
Professi>r of Church History in (^r,./..r Tl,. 
the same voluiiH> will Iw a bi. 
th<s>lo);ian of the I'nitnrian p 
aHthor of I' ... the I; 

I'nitarian H' narv Coll. rr. 



inui 

.i.i; 



■ml th 



IS M I 



 'tlHi 



Uorrtofi 



96 



UTEIlATlHi:. 



[Jaiuinr} 



«M if MIX penoa wUI Conmrd to Ma at RmI NftrthOold, Mmm., 
r JiJl.. tttntmfomitnet wkirh (iM<y nuiy haT» IumI «1Ui the Uto 
vrmmfMat. The Irtim will Im eMrefally mtiirmxi. 

Mr. AHlim- Wnajrh, wko itbcwii il iIh« pr<>MMit alNte nf 
BiawBlait'* pnpabirilyin last >vi<<4i'« LiUmturr. is tin- mithor nf a 
Um poci fur th« Bnt volunif uf Mn»n>. Kt^gan I'aiil'H 

' aar l M. tte WaataUMUir lti.>i;ra|>hif«. 

Lord MonhnMn.wtwo li(<- luix Imiii iimlrrtakoii liyPniTnnitr 
Kniittit iif Kl. AiMtrr-wn «tM< wliich will lio |)iilili<h<<<I liy Mr. 
Mamjr, tit«M>lM>« RiiRlii>h lilonilnn> at lw» |M>iiils at l«<«<il. Ho 
Bwrt Dr. Johnaon umlor R<iiiwi>irH rlia|M>mM8«<, and hi* prr-Dar- 
wiaiaa Xheory at tbc laik<d wan nuppliinl FcanM-k with an i(l<>n 
fc>r llw " kigh-toned " noblonaui iminko.v «( his o<-<<ontrio wttirii-al 
•oMMcp. la hia avrn niunlry Monlmddn u^m a liiiriily <>«t<<<<ii)o<l 
membrr ot » brilliant anil |>lii!iM<i|>liii-«l MOoioty. 

Am article In Um* .\nioriran IniirjwHdmt kIvis thp followinK 
■totlatt ci of the numbor t>f buokit |>iibli>lM<«l iu tlio L'uitetl Statos 
' traa IWMH :— 



AmeHran Aiithnm. 

ino ... I r.-.o 

\m\ ... 1 ■■'.. 

IMU . . 

IMB . . 

IMM ... 

ItUC 

itan ... 
itn? ... 

IMM ... 

Pmr<>Mor M'illiam Lyon Phi>l|M, of Yalo rnirprNlty, han Jnut 
pnhli«h<tl thmii{rh Mt-wr*. (tinn and ('«>. a Lilorary Miip nf 
KitKlaiiil. Tbo olijavt of tbc nMp, wbirli is printtti on cartl-Uiiinl 
aiMl Mibl at a iKMiiiiial priit*. ix to faniiliarii>> Mtmh-uiN uf KIiiKlixh 
litfratuni aitii tbc towin and plartv tlial have definite literary 



(.~l._' 




..,i:i) 


2.8UJ 


1 i-( 


J.s-.'l 


... (1. 1 


.;..;'.«•■ 


. ' , . ". ; 


:;,:t(>.i 


l/.i_'^ 


:;.:;i:i 


l.NVi 


::.".jcw 



■aaonlaUona. The ooiintlria are printod in o 
(mm that lia» any ini|M>rtant literary inlenwt i 

Sir John Iloiirinnt, the author of " The S(o 
the " SlorioH of tb<> Nalionn SerioN," Iiiih almosi 
large work <Mititli<il, " Canaila I'nder BriliHh 

MoMNni. SkelHtiglnn are iMuiiiK n volnuie 
Jamra (Ireen, Dean of Marilxburit, Natal, en( 
tJlory a!i S«vn by Mt. .John the Divine." 

We are inlornMHl lluil Kdna Lynll'H ik>w pin 
re4-enlly |ierforni(<<l nl KiNtlionme, nil! lie pr<Hl 
February 15, at llie l'onM><ly Theatre by Mr. Ill 
be first playifl for a wvek at mtitintn, anil t 
U' pliiyi>d every eveninir. 

DITers lo priMluee I'nnlo miil Fniiu-ruru in I*i 
have, we IH-Iieve, Inmmi uiaiin to Iho anilior. 
alwi IteiMi iimnniHitioned by Mr. Kieliard .Mi 
another piny, which ia to be produood in Am 
ant limn. 

Mr. A. B. (".Banjo") Pntoraon. the ^mpnla 
Imllailisl, in now in South Afrieii with (lie 
eoiitiiiKiiMil, and in aeliiifc un wiir is)rn*N|MUidei 
Miiniiiitf llrrolil. 

Mrs. MareiiN t'lnrke, the widow of the w»'ll- 
novelist, who lins Imhmi HtayiiiK at lli|;lipit<- 
inontlis, lii).s reliiriKNl to .Vustralin. 

Mi'Msrs. Kyre uihI KjioltiHWiMHU* liave pn-p 
of (toverniiM'nl PnbiiealionN and Fnrlianientar,\ 
to the TmiMvnal, whieh lliey are prepiinil lo i* 

In our South .\frienii Biblioi;rnpliy Inst Wi 
to " The Historienl (Ii-oRmphy of llie Uriliih 
C. P. .loni>H " ahonid liave n«d " i>v Mr. V. P. 



LIST OF NEW BOOKS AND REPRINTS. 



ART. 

laauaJ oTCbupeh D«oorm- 
' ~ Mmm. Rr Ihe 

Mowfarar. IMk M. n. 
Y«*f^ Art. Br A. i: h. 

Trr. T)xMn.^ KM pp. Ixmdnn, 

Virtu, fc.ad. 

d PopoaUOa. Br F. 

'd. ("'Tin., ttt pp. Loo- 
Truohjve. Manaoo. Ut, n. 

BIOORAPMY. 
, ^t* at Hoia. 

Jfarioii MaHaatf. TtxMa.. 
k HuKMMn.ia. 



A S«sp«t ortha Noptli Saa. H.v 
.ittjrrnim lltHitiinj. 71 ' A41n.. M\ pp. 
liiuxtnn. It'l. ( Imllo^ \\ iliilllK.lil. 

On Both SIdaa of tha LIna. Hr 



-\ 



Otofi 



'SS! 



ITI T<i). \jan- 

M. ti. 

L^and. 

TmiiK- 

i ^.Mn.. 



rPMa^ U*b«*> Hb Ufr and 
& HaHrp. f%.t>. 9>aB.. XtSpp. 

at 
ir~ii>si- •*- ^ 

• <£. ijl M. 

Ma/fnilUn. tin. a. 

KDUCATIONAU 

Br M.C. >MMa. 
J. r 
rC. 




ricnoN. 

■hamalaaa Wayna. Br HatU- 



clou, mil. 
In tha Naw P' 

H) litnruk S 

laledbr H. <'. ''• 

IMpn. Ix>ndo> 

»i.lld. 
Laa Chanaon- tia, Br 

f'(rrrr /»u'> Vt pp. 

I'nri-. iw>i. FtXIO. 

Ijm il<«aoa, il> /.un IHtnnav. 

*i<4iin.. :ilt pp. l-iirix, IIIIO. 

l.lbnifHc Ifid'rriiitiniialc. Kr.S..Vt. 

HISTORY. 

M4niolpaadaM.de Boupplauva 

aup Napoleon, la DIraotoipa, 

la Conaulat, TEmplpa at la 

Raatauptttlnn. V"' iv. ti . 
IIUl.. Mft I 

lr.:i.4li. 

!<• li^ra < ' ;;hlen. 

IT»liB. " V iir 

OlMaff Pmro». . |.. 

I'Brili. UOO. ». 

LITERARY. 

A KIpUnv Pel map. Br r. U 

Knortrt. 7) • Mn.. 2l»pp. Umdaa. 

ma. (nialUik Winataa. a^TM. 

MILITARY. 

Tk« Mill (Tha D«pbyahli«) 

■aStaMBt In tha Cplmaa. 

•K«t<a.. yf ML i/.fMi..i.. i9iiai 

MISCELLANEOUS. 
An Indax to Dttaplns-'a NaC- 



NATURAL HISTORY. 
Our Native BiPda. Il\ /'. Langr. 
TixSlii.. \X pp. Ixiiii|i>ii. lUai. 

.Mill inillnii. la. U. 
PHILOSOPHY. 
Id^lofla. DitK-oiip. Hiir la I'hilo- 
Mjpliio I'niiilcrr. Bj- .1/. Itouhrrrl. 
jlxllin., HI pp. I'liri.!. liai). 

.\linii. Kr.tSt. 

POETRY. 

Nopthland Lyplos. Kr »'. c. 

HnbrrlK. 7 • liin.. :« pp. Honton, 

IIMI, SiiiiiM Mtt)iinrd. 

Apia Matfna. i liy .S. 

M. Villi n,,. 71 < «tn- 

liricliti'. lum. Al, \ H«»c». 

Saint Aus^uatlna. Blahop of 

Hippo. Till' St'iiloiiiiui I'rlrr 

I'lwrn for 1«lH. lly lliv Itrr. J. 

Hml'i.n 7'.  4)lii., M pp. ChiU' 

bri<lK< . l'."i 

MiK'iiillInn ft HowoK. la. n. 

Sonara or tha Hour. Br J. J. 

HrlT. 7i  Sin.. 24 Pli. OlaaBow. 

IWHI. 

Thr Hi-.ll- I'iri.irlnl Pub. Co. M. 
POLITICAL. 
■Pltaln and tha Bocr->  ^^ < > f> 
Itesponi-lbli' fur Itii ' li 

Afrllal »v /.. .(/';»'■ 

>t<<61ln., li!< pp. lA)lnii„i. •L*'-. 

8lfiipliti. .ManOialL M-Od. 
REPRINTS. 
PMatarlta. v..i ill. Br John 
- - - . . . j^^j 



itaalnfi. I.I. II.. 

MK up. l>'r.rVin 

On tha Oi<i I 
John Hf 
A|ln.. lAI I 

Blaak Houaa. 

B. III).. tdH > IIH 



IM .1.. 7|>5|lli.. 

1"»»' Mliti. 4». II. 

III. »r 

7|» 

tn. n. 
• 3 Tola, 
i/oadoo. 



SCI 
IpplCatlon an 
Kll. Kinii. 
lionilon, lUUi. 

SOCI 
Tha Oneida 

.(//«it K-lliih 

l.4l|Hlf>ll. \i*ti. 

D'Oii Vlant 
Boonomlqui 

Itv Baron CA. 
Itln.. «l«i pp. I 

La RAfopma 
Riant Saeoi 

nmire HibM. 
I'lirlH. l!«»i. 
Le Con|rpte C 
SoolallBts F 
bral-K. IM" 
7ixl|lii.. : 

■■■at Hltori 
■ttr la  
Ausiiata Oi 

Alrnory. 9.h4 

imi. 

THEl 

St. Patap In 

on IIm> Vfilli-ii 
linrntn. l»[ - 
IWII. 
ThaTplumph 

,1. ' ■. Kntiii'lf 

l/oiiiloii. Iia>i. 

Palth and Dll 

Uf Ibe lnt« K. 

7|«iln..2i3pp. 

Notaa of Ler 
Chlldpen'a i 

//, , II ii„i,, 



Edited by ]\. $. JTraiU. 



literature 



No. ia». hA'lLUiiAV. l-EBKUABY 8, IWO. 



CONTKNTS. 



Leading Article Whnt Im n Critic ? 

Peraonal Views "MemoriM of John Riwkln," by 

Fi-i'tli'iii- Hiii'riNon 

Poem " Till- (inivfii of MiiK<'rnfont»'in" 

Booksellers' Row 

A Forelflrn Visitor to Bllzabethan Bngland 

Reviews 

Tlu' Hiitih and (JimktT rolonlPH In Anit>rU-A 

A HiHtoiyof llnlijin I'liily 

Bywvntiin- ('<iiiHt»iitini>|il»> 

oiitliiit'Hof Military (iioKijiphy 



I'.tllK 

ior> 

lU) 

III) 
Km 

101 

1(11 



Oth«p New Booka 



I'myiTM from llic l'.M-t« The l)<)»iifiill of Spnin — A KiplliiiC 
I'rlmor-Ilmnmllt! ('illi.|«iii-Mr. Iloolny In llio llr»rtji of llln 
(ouiilryimm A Cciilurjr of Srluiii-o »iid nllier K<««jr»— Hl«€;k 
Juniiilni-Thr l'rln.'liilf« of IIIoIok)' <")iilhi(i-(in'olc Comic 
fViMimrnlH-Thr Hi>d« of Old i\ml the Htorjr thiil they TcU-Tlio 
I'dllUolnuM llnndlMHik -The Y««r« Art. mi«» -The UolUfiiBrr- 
Itl|i Vuii Wliiklc ".sli'opy Hollow - Iiiii)rtw.*loii« of fii«iii Wt, WA, 101 

Floilon— 
Tlin White Itovo— Chlnntown Storlen-Itonnn Tptckh-A Cnuy 

Mnmoi.t 112,113 

Foreign Letter— Finiice Ill 

Coppcspondanoe AkiiIii on "The Hoollgnn " (Sir Walter BeMaiit) 
"Thr Moorish Kmplro" (Mr. lliidRott Moftkln)-"TeiinyHoii nnd 
Ihe Old Annimln" (Mr. Arthur WiiuKh) — Authom Tholr Own 
I'rlntern and I'liblldhiirK-Tho Sword iind tho I'cn 113, 114 

Notes 98, 100, 107, 108, 100 

Authors and Publishers 114, 115, lin 

List of New Books and Reprints 110 



WHAT IS A CRITIC? 



One of the revelations made by the O.xford Dictionary 
hjus lieen that of the reckless facility with which we 
overuse words. But even that comprehensive work has 
wisely shown some moderation in assigning a definition 
to the word "criticism," and it selects as the main function 
of a critic a task to which he certainly has the strongest 
etymological claim, and iiix>n which we believe more 
stress ought to be laid at the present day. This obsena- 
tion is suggested by M. Kdouard Rod's article in the 
I uternntioiud Mnnihhj on French criticism, to which we 
adverted last week. The French are much more concerned 
nliout criticism in all its aspects than we are. They 
pi-odtice an immense amount of it, and are much occu]>ied 
ill ilisciissinor wlmt it is. Its ineiminrr seems to lmvi> 



pubiishad by 2hr 2inei 

pru|M(;at« the beirt. that u koowu aod tliouf;h 
world," or agdn "to mw tite obfeei m in Vt0M it r 
< Hher writer* infonn un that it i« ** oompwiion ' 
the ol>j<H-ti« comiinrecl hein^ itelectrd from the wl 
of huntan knowle<lge. A difTmrent use of it b in 
the rather ine|it ezprPMiion, " highrr criliciaiB. 
took a still greater libertj with the void. 9 
the word has lafiered • kind of ■pwiidiMtl 
only tu meet once more with the same fiUlore 
with it a distinctive meaning. A critic, in 
imrlance, has come to ilenote any one who writa* 
book or a work of art in the ijeriorlifnl Prew- 
about** we say advisedly, for such a definition is fii 
away from the true meaning of the term. As 
the same word is considered to he pro|ierly 
describe l)oth the "Critiqae of I'ure Iteason" 
account of the plot of a new novel told in a do 
in an evening ]>a]>er. This is surely oiing lani 
conceal distinctions of thought. 

Perhajis it may occur to Uie reader that thi 
these significations there does run one distineti 
definite enough to ja-tify its use — vis., the not* 
tion as opposed to imagination. (Mticism and 
the objective view of a thing, and the TOl>i«c 
often 8{x>ken of as exhausting human mental i 
Bat no ; even this halting place is denied to the e 
seeker after a definition. Many of our moii 
authorities tell us that criticism, judicial critiflfa 
— if the tautology is to be allowed — bekngs a 
to the creative side of literature ; it did so in tl 
Mr. Hiiskin. But at any rate we may sorely c 
poetry lies ontside the vast territory appropBl 
criticism? On the contrary the most fiunilinr < 
of poetry enunciated by a famous writer whoM 
role it was to instruct an ignorant public is that 
is a criticism of life." 

Such an indefinite extension of a gemrir tei 
out new words coined to express the variooa spec 
rank under it, is a singular instance of the powt 
con8er>'atism, of our language. It leads to a Mt 
the true functions proiwr to the different dep( 
which are thus lum]iod together ander one titl< 
later developments it may also be reeponsible for 
obloquy which still attaches to ** the critia 
occasionally rect^isee in the phrase a veiled si 

nf II Imnrl nf icrnnrmnt. himlinm mnanirino \n hi 



98 



LITERATURE. 



[Fcbniar 



coatomptooos aothoni forget. " NoticM ** of book* have 
frpqnpntlj no octeniubl^ object whatever but the iimciuction 
of an enteftainioft article aboat the sabject of the book 
noticed, or a readable statement of it« contents. And 
there it no reaaon whatever to contemn such notices nn 
long as they are not railed critirifPiK. 

In the higher walks of literature we meet with another 
and quite different confusion when we contemplate the two 
{HOoeMe* which M. Koct de«cribes and which pretty well 
rooDopoIiae Prmch criticism. The French have carried 
much further than we have the scientific or, as some have 
(■ailed it, the botanical aide of criticism. The .Sc-hool of 
Taine and i^unte-Beuve devotes an iufmity of lalMur, with 
highly useful and instructive results, to investi^ting, just 
as the " Higher Critics " do in Kngland, the race, habitat, 
and environment of an author, so as to place him in his 
exact position in the development of thought. Anatole 
France and hi* friends take an entirely opposite view of 
the critic's task. For them there is no objective criticism : 
it is only autobiography. " To he frank," says M. France, 
**the critic ought to say, 'Gentlemen. I am going to speak of 
myself, while I discuss Shakespeare, or Racine, or Pascal, or 
(foethe, as the case may be. I shall never, jierhaps, liave a 
more distinguished opportunity.' " And most delightfully he 
does it. But this is not criticism in the proper sense, any 
more than an individual's like or dislike of a ]iarticiilar 
action j>roves it to be in accordance with the Ten Com- 
mandments. We are perfectly aware that some writers of 
authority luive refused the task of judging to the critic. 
Tbey tear away the last remnant of meaning from the 
word ''criticism" by awwrting that "the object of criticism 
is not to criticize but to understand." So thought I>owell, 
and the tame view (which suggests the botanical theory) 
it held by many at the present day. The autobiographical 
attitude appears in another modem definition— thatcriticism 
is "that which narrates the adventures of an ingenious and 
educated mind in contact with masterpieces." But neither 
of these views is in accordance with the English tradition. 
The (KBCtkal requirement which the course of Knglish criti- 
dsm has endeavoured to fulfil is to determine whether a 
work of art is good, poor, or bad, and to give reasons for the 
detenninataoD. It is not, of course, a matter of rule of 
thumb: tlieie are no inflexible canons which can be 
mechaaieally applied. Authority must play its part; 
so must sensibility. But there are tests capable of 
ezplaiMtton and analysis to which, for instance, a poem 
can be toligected. Thanks to the growth of taste and 
knowledge, these are now iar less drcnmscribed tiinn were 
tlie standards of the eighteenth century, and an* also, so 
wean sorely justified in thinking. Car more intelligent and 
tme. Some recent works, such as .Mr. Gosse's " Donne," 
Mr. Frederic Harrison's eseays, and the ezhanstive <-riticism 



tern — of estimating merit on principle 
defined and aniilvscd. 



While on the suhje<'t of criti(i>in wo 
giving a warm welcome to tlu- two volnmes 
by Mr. Klliot Stock containing the "Colle* 
Mr. Augustine Hirrell. Every one ought to i 
Dicta," " Kes .Judicata'," and '• Essays alwut 
and liooks," if it be only for an individual 
them whiclj we should find it difficult to ii 
publication of " Essays of Elia." But a be 
for remling them is that they will purge th 
fallacies and ail'ectations wJiich often pass 
a wholesome dose of lucid, sane, and cultur 
of great books and great men. 

.*5ir Edword Clarke's attitude toward) 
Mr. Kipling is the natural corollary of his a 
the deeds of Mr. Kruger. He would hav 
of them severely alone. " Stalky & Co., 
belongs to the literature of the gutter, anc 
unrea<l. This advice coraes rather late in 
like recommending a man to go without lii 
hour when he is sitting in his armchair dij 
there is a grain of truth contjiined in the ei 
temerarious criticism. One has only to picti 
in the witness-box, and Sir Edward Clarke c 
him, in order to perceive what sort of a 
made out against " Stalky & Co." by a clev« 

" What is your ideal boy ? " That is t 
which all the other questions of the learned 
probably he subservient. .Anr! it would 
established that Mr. Kipling's ideal boy v 
no brains worth sj)eaking of, with a cot 
learning not required to help him into 
all games retjuiring submission to discipli 
duly constituteil authority. For such was 
the dictum that "your uncle Stalky is a g 
implicitly accepted by the " Co." This is : 
boy that it is well to hold up to the adn 
young. " Stalky," in fact, is very much 
" Jack Harkaway," writ large; and " Jack 1 
never been popular with parents and schoo 
" Stalky " is a live book ; and though it 
falsehood of extremes — a failing wliich i 
"liric" and ".*<t. Winifred's" (and with tl 
ment of its hostile critics) — it is not gutter 
is it the voice of the Hooligan. 



IRcviews. 



•KNICKERBOCKER." 

The Dutch and Quaker Colonies in 
John Flake. Two voIh. S/.'iin., xvi. lat 
l^indon. IMJM. Ml 

In American history it is esiK'ciallv dil 



Fchnmiy ;l, 1900.] 



LITERATI HE. 



fine to itii Dutch origin, or that Penti cave a Hbrral conidi- 
tution to IVmiHylvnnin becaojie hin father mairiiHl a Dutch 
woinnn. Hut Mr. Finkn i* m eonscicntiouM and no iiitcr- 
cstiiij; II writ»'r thnt we cojild ptirdon him for woni« things 
llmii tlu'se, and Idx in(h'])cn(h«nic of th<Mi;;lit and frank- 
ness of M|H-<*cli are l)«>yi)iid iirai^e. Ilin comment on the 
c<)ntem]>orarv Ixiunt that in PennH^rlvania the veitting of 
all jH)wer in the [x-ople had i«ecnrc«l for all time "that 
tlicy (the ])eo|)le) may not 1>«> brou(;ht into l)ondage but 
by their own consent" i« worth (|nolinR : — 

Our worlliy QiiitkerH illil not ron-se^t the ilny when tlie 
people, liireil liy the Imil ol hiKl> tiiriflH anil the K|M>ilH of oniee, 
woiilil coiiM-iit to Ih.> liniiiKlit into'' iMiiiiliiKe uiiih'r |M>tty tyniiil-i 
lis cheiip and vile as ever iMinilMTi>«l the earth. They wonUI Imvo 
lH>en sorely axtonislusl if toM that nouhi-re coiihl U> i»e«<n a nion- 
Ha^rant s|H><'tacle of niieh iMiinilialliiK lM)niln);n than in the great 
eoiniiionvveallh which iM-art I'eiin'M nnuie. 

To some extent the lively character of .Mr. Kiske's 
jjimeM is probably due to hix ability and long practice an n 
lecturer ; for he wiio adilrensi-H |iopidnr nudiencei) ilareH 
not be dull, antl most know how to play with the frimje 
of his subject without losing grasp of the substance. .Mr. 
Fiske's discussion of the grotesipie idean whicdi in some 
mysteriou.s way are suggested by the words " Dutch " and 
" Dutchman "' is a good specimen. " Why is it implieil," 
he asks, '* though e\er so slightly, that there is something 
fuimy in being a Dutchman?" It cannot be due to 
Washington Irving, for the asso<'iation is of earlier date, 
and in fact gave Irving the cue for Knickerbocker and his 
immortal chronicle. As it is unknown to Shakes}>eare and 
other Elizabethans, but wa.s fully develoiKnl in the reign 
of Charles II., Mr. Fiske suggests that it may have origin- 
ated during the periotl of English and Dutch maritime 
rivalry. If so, it should have disapjx'nred, tlnjiigh it did 
not, at the Kevolution. It might easily be illustratetl 
from lieorgian literature; and its vitality is provetl by the 
deep resentment which Irving's innocent use of it provoked 
at the time. 

Wlion "KnickerJxH'kcr" was piiblishod, hi 1800, mniiy people 
of Dnteh descent in Now York and Albany rend it with fierei- 
indigimtion. In certain qnarfors there was nu attempt to frown 
the yonthfnl antlior ont of society. Nine years afterward, Mr. 
• lulian (sir) Verplanck, in nn aildress iK-foro the New York 
Historical Society, callo<l it a "coarxe earicature." Irvinjc 
ini);lit have repliinl that it was meant for earientnre, and is not 
ciMirse. ()n(> sonietimes wonders what there ran bo in the climate 
of North America that make?* its inhabitants so morbi<lly sensitive 
to Imnter. 

The fact is that this practice of treating the Dutch 
and all their ways as a natural subject of merriment 
originated in France, and came to England at the Ke.stora- 
tion. Irving, though of British birth, saw no harm in 
making a butt of John Bull himself, and in truth let the 
thick-witted Mynheers off rather easily. 

The history of the Dutch in New York has a farcical 
aspect from beginning to end. To send an expedition up 
the Hudson Kiver with the ostetisible object of discovering 
a j>assage by sea round the North American continent 
was an excellent joke to begin with. To buy Manhattan 
Island of the Indians, as Peter Minuit claimed to have 
done in 162G, for five jiounds' worth of ribbons and blue 



keen aeiiM of humoar, does it anpl* JMli 
ItenMtelMMr epiito<|« i« • tvelUknovn iiMUn 
l; ' r «a» an Amatcfdaio tiadflainaii vbo « 

I .1 from Iha CompMijr and Uimi rrpottt 

autlionty. This nlniird creature not oolj can 
illicit trado in fur*, and liurM defiuoe at U» 
l<'Kg<*d governor, IVt«>r HtDjnre— nt, bat oen 
fortified an islaml in th« river, nmned hb eatth 
laerstein," in imitation of the robber knigb 
Rhine, and exacted bomage and tribute froai 
on the water-way. KnielMrboeker'i buinoroas «l 
of all this, sayH Mr. Fluke, *<ooinea near to tbi 
history, and is entirely tnie to ita apirit." And 
character of events is well maintained down to U: 
when Nicolls appeare*! in the river with his fri 
Dutch nile came jieacefully to an end. The Ihi 
selves »e« I- it, tlioiu 

Vork " ki ing to , 

is now regarded as ** a sort of patent of nobility.' 
Mr. Fiske's treatment of his subject se 
ap|)oints us ; bat we most protest against his 
dismissal of certain well-known charges agai 
whom, in common with nuwt Americ-an writen 
as a sort of blameless hero, incaiwble of nny 
coald {KMsibly sully his reputation. lx>nl ] 
reflections on the (tiscreditable |Mrt plajed bj 
criti<-al juncture in English history ha\'e 
not been so completely tlis|XMeu of I 
apologists as .Mr. Fiske would have bi 
l>elieve; and to d(*scribe the trivial incidei 
" maids of Taunton " as the only coun 
accusation worth noticing is scarcely ingenue 
granting that the ".Mr. Penne" of the Taante 
was another than William Penn — which invo 
pre|>onderating effect to a mere presiim|ition 
n-mains that, after jiosing for years as tlie cl 
cons<-ience and Protestant liberty. Penn oprn 
.lames in his thinly-veiled plot for  
dominance of Romanism, and stooped to .  
outrageous scheme for rooting out Protesiai 
University of Oxfonl. The greatest men — ai 
the highest estimate of him, was Ie« tban a gi 
have their weak jwints. Penn's foible was ^tinil 
cally, the sort of vanity which besets the cont 
whom a voluble tongue and a ready pen have 
|K>sition of authority. Such men, like the h 
too often a law unto themselves. We may 
Penn was no .lesuit. and not even a simpi 
ai-cusations freely launched against him at tin 
long afterwards ; nor do we believe him to 
guilty of treasonable practices after the Revolut 
evidently won him over by flattering his self-ii 
and the odium which he bronght on himsell 
deserved. Burnet's character of him, "at* 
man," who " had such an opinion of bis owi 
]x>rsuading that he thought none could stand 
is probably not far from the triith ; and the sa 
description of his "tedious In<^ii"- "-^v "f » 
a])t to overcome a man's reason . 



100 



LITERATURE. 



[Februar 



bk iatwMt to the BritUh Government for a ram oonaidor- 
ablv IcM than the amount of the claim in 8ati«fiu;tion of 
vbtcb the grant wn» accepted by bim. 



ITALIAN 



UNITY. 



A Hlatorr of Italian Unity. 1814-1871. By 
Klnc, M.A. Two voU. W xOiu., xviii. ^41U i 4.M |>|>. 



Bolton 

_ Loiitioi), 

IMU. Nistiet. 24, -n. 

Th* author of Umm two vohimM hw moOMdod in r«nd«rinfr 
wHk a araat (uIimm of detail what maj be to the Kngli«h pulilic, 
«9Mm|aaiot«d with Italian politic*, the aeoaiitaUe Teniioii of tho 
develofaMnt of Italian nationality. He doe* not enter into 
tW tew tl U of the general policy ha pniaea ; and hia work would 
have bean htUm oalled a History of the Coiiatniotion of the 
Italian K in gdom, for of the aetoal uni^ he haa given ns no 
history. He has made a very eaiefol at4i4y of the aathnriti<w, 
without always comprehending the oomparatire raluo which 
ahoold be assigned t» tliem. He estimates them, as most 
foeeignafs an likely to do, according to their agrovmont with his 
praeoaceired ides of Italian affairs. Tliia i<Iea oridently in that 
Maxsini was the prime mover of Italian regoiier.ition, although 
to Caronr must be assigned the honour of having done the 
work. 

The historical fact is that Masiini did more harm than good, 
and thoogh he loomed large in the English atmosphere and was 
■KN* «■ tritifnrt here than Carour, his influence was more 
disaalroiw to the political progreas of Italy than his eloquence 
and fntoeoee shroed were of use to it. He strengthenml that 
sMtiliieiilal ninsion in the English public which made of Italy a 
land of martyrs and h c ro ea , always under the tyrant's foot and 
always straggling with the purest patriotism for their idesl. In 
aobar truth the unity of Italy is the forced result of diplomatic 
and dynaatio influeoosa, and Italian public opinion is hiirdly yut 
d aa id e d aa to the advantage of the Procrustean lied on which tho 
former indepmidant Statea were laid. The two great motives 
which bold Italy anit«I ate the detestation of any forci{.'n 
admixture in the affairs of Italians, and the enormous amount of 
intareats res ted in tho tuitod Italian kingdom. l1io masses in 
the different ex-States hate each other, Imt tliey hute<l the forrHiero 
mors ; and the fact that eleven-twelfths of the public dvht of 
Italy is held in the country randars separation impossible, but is 
no remedy for the growing discontent and is a stimulant for 
the growing cormption. The nmlcitt of Italy arises chiefly from 
the total aheeooe of political discipline, the irreconcilable feuds 
betwaea the partiaan leaden, and the fact that Italy has been since 
mo gp sei n ed nminly by cormption. The Arcadian picture which 
Mr. Kiag diswa, and tlie analyeia of pi>litiaal history he gives us 
■Nit, hi fMt, be largely eorreeted. Intheearlierperiod— «.f.,down 
to M B H h e ie mialed fay hk Masaiaian aympathies ; aiid he 
misc ooee i r e a the tme origin of the feeling in favonr of unity and 
ita impofftanoo, wbidi was, except among the doctrinaires, trivial. 
The nmarimUa rMng of l^ilenno in 1S40 is dealt with in leas 
I a page. The five days of Milan, perhaps the meet aplendid 
epiaodeof medare Italian history, w most inadequately deseribed. 
Tbe aeble dalanee of Vicenaa fay the volontoen wider Durando 
ia alleannd eigbt tinea, not a word being aaid of the nature of this 
battle (daaerifaed aa " an ineffectual attampt on Vicenza "), 
which, aa the first between Austrian veterans ami mixed Italhui 
e o li Ml ews, wae of great iroportanoe, political and military. 



had aome other oourae lieen followed. The a 
before, during, and after, the campaign of Custoa 
in ap|i«rent ignorance of the tact that Uie Fren< 
from lA>uis \1V. to l<amurtino, hud nlwolutoly 
Piedmont except on the condition of the («ss 
Nice, and liad in all its modiflcntions and rovr 
tho union of Italy. Hut this was tho capiUil |)ol 
dominstod tho |)olicy of Piedmont throur;ht>ut, 
(Vol. I., |>. Utt2-:{) comjiols the riwdor t<i ask 
value of a " |»<ilitieul history " which ignores tli 
of tho situntiiin. This insisteiico of France was 
i(<i/Mi /'inf (/« M- of the King. The Milan insui 
which fortunstuly, if disastrously, |iut an end 4 
of Maxxini, is misstated in seven linos so o 
change its character altogether. It waa a gn 
of Maxsini to revive his influence, then wanin 
of being, as thu author says, a response of 
artisans of Milan, it was discounteiutnced b) 
heads, and only showed Maxxini's unscrupu! 
dealing with the lives of his disciples, and his 
an insurgent. 

Still worse is Mr. King's treatment of 
incident. No conception of it can lie deri%'rd 
though it was the turning [mint of the Parliam< 
Italy ami determined the relation of the Crown i 
and almost anarchical Parliament. It is doscril 

A decree date<1 from tho roynl castle of } 
dissolved the Chaml;er, and ordered fresh i 
ensuing montli. 8o (ar it was strictly cnnstitu 
language in which it vehemently attuckoil t 
threatened stronger measures unless a complii 
returned was a breach, if not of tho letter, 
spirit of tho Htatuto. 

The proclamation was in reality a reaolute and 
to stem the anarchy which had entered inUi the C 
in the sui-ceoding leigii has .Moncalieri lieen invc 
same recklosa olistruction offered by thu suc< 
turbulent demagogues wh<> threateiuMl to make tl 
Victor Emmanuel a failure. In fact, it was tl 
stop tho King over took, and detcrmiiiod |ieriiianc] 
as Sovereign. Hut the author seems to hav 
antipathy to Victor Kmmanuol, mainly on 
" unalMslied licentiousness " Uioiigh it woulil 
distinguish him on this account amongst tho gone 
public men. 

Tho inability to read botwoon the linos ol 
conios to a climax in tho chapters on " Hi 
" Garibaldi in Bicily," and " Tho Annexatioi 
Many details are incorrect, and tho account is as  
the lewling articles which attacked OarilNtldi 
Press, 'lliore is no evidence of Mr. King's ha^ 
•idea of this most unfortunate! struggle betw« 
Garibaldi, of which the aetiuel has shown that if Oi 
right Caviiur was certainly wroni;. No men in 1 
faithful to unity and the King than (iaribaldi ai 
tliu otticial pressure by which Cuvour used Ut e 
influenco |iroducod tho bitterest animosity, an 
roanent results of evil, ^^'o rend nf ibe nnnl sti 
dictation of Cavour : 

Tho NeafKilitaiiH i1<'1ii..iiniiiiI'ii imjjrnx for i 
Qaribaldi, finding that he lioil an luianinioui 
him, suddenly ■'■ •'■■' ♦"• !'""'v icino (not c< 
pli'bisi ite. 'I place on Oct 



Fubnmry n, 1900.1 



IJTKKATDKE. 



tliK Mnliii. wlii. Ii <'urrM-<l on l>lii< kinuiliiiff, murdoni. ■iiiiiKKlii'k'- 

»(i<l i.iriniM. anil n l>»ii<l <>( nUl'l «• blo«<li«l t»i« •urrouml- 

iii(r« ; nnil l-i* Karii » > iMirtiMn lui ho *■«) »niil, '" Tim iJiivnrii- 

iiMMit KxliJiiiKtoil eiiiiilxjrniunt*. |M>niiii>ni<, anil duwriea " ; ftnil 

Miiri' Moniiier " K<>r tlia vntn tlixro maa an urn with two 

laikiitu, ojiB (nil of ^  ' oUiof ..f Ay»«. TU cloc-tor 

I )i' 11(1 liifi liallot \<' lul OnanI and tho (towiI. 

'I'Ih' noKiitivo votfl wn.-" niim n:i iiKil nvon ilangiToiw." 

Thnro run 1k> no iincNtion that tho jvlebliicito of Naploa waa a 

piirn inipoiiitiim hy in|>«riiir fnr.c. hi Nn|il<»«, a« in Hldly, 

Onril'nliU f;avo way to tlii> winliea of tho King, but th« coiuliii-t of 

C'ovoiir loavu* an inoirixoiiMn li!«miiih on hiR ri'|)uti\tion. 

InncciirariM of a minor iintiim run thronjjh thci book. Why 
(loon tho author alwnyii write " Maremna " f<ir Maronima, anil 
tatlc of the Cainiirra an » " KH-rct »o<-i«ty of tho criminal poor ?" 
ITie ohapter on " PlombiiToa " i« coiifumxl anil »i<rbo«e ; " A«|iro- 
monttt " in not up to date in ita information ; but " Tho !^[it«mh«r 
ConTontion " in junt ; " Tho Sylliibu* " oxc«'llunt. " Montana " 
id inatvurnto in its iitriiti>;;y nnit it« fact*, and it niako* Garibaldi 
from Panmi Coni'oe nuilitato an atta<-k on " tho out|io»t of 
Monto Miirio." " To lUime " in thi« main i* corroct, tliough 
not in tho account of tho ncKotiatinni for the alliance betwvon 
Franco, Auntrin, and Italy n^ainiit IMiMia. It aMma itranft* to 
arcum tho financial condition and praian the railway ayatem 
which ia rMponaible for tho deiicit. The chapt«<r " Tho 
Country and tho Chamber " contains much lound information, 
but when it tclU of tho working of tho income-tax it 
implius that what is nnilemtond as such in England exists in 
Italy, which is not the case. There ia no proper income-tax, ami 
when Crispi took olHco in 189.1 Sonnino tried to inlnxluce tho 
thin p<l};i> of it to take otT the taxes that weigh on the poor 
espocinily, but ho found tho opfKwition of tho wealthy claaaes 
invincible. It is a pity that some publisher docs not give ua a 
well-i'ilittMl translation of the history of Tivaroni, tho least 
IMtrtitian and moat coraplote that exists, written with a thoroujjh 
luiilerstunilin): of tho author's compatriots and of all the eridenoe 
availablo for a history of Italian unity. 



I 



CONSTANTINOPLE. 



Byzantine Constantinople, The Walls of the City 
and adJoininK Historical Sites. Hy Alexander van 
Millingen, M.A., l*r(ifi"-M>r of History, Rnlx'it Colli-jfi'. 9^-< 
(i^in., :<ttl pp. l^>nil»n, 18UU. Murray. 21/- 

The first detailed expression of Professor ran Millin;;en's 
long study of the oncicnt remains of Constantinople has been 
expected for aomo years, and will bo eagerly welcomed by 
students. Since tho death of Mr. O. C. Curtis no one so 
thoroughly q\i«lified by historical, archsfological, and artistic 
knowledge has remaine<1 in Constantinople and engaged in tho 
examination of its antiquities. We are glad to tee that what is 
now published is only a first instalment ot what Profevaor van 
Millingen hopes to give ns. Some of the questions which ho has 
discussed cannot be finally settleil until excavations are aIlowe<l. 
His main work has )<een to identify the historic aitea of Roman 
and Kyzantine Constantinople. 

The attention [ho says] T have devoted for many yenrs to 
the subject has l)een sustained by the conviction that the 
Knipire of which New Rome waa the capital defended the 
higher life of mankind against formidable antagonists, and 
ronilored eminent service to the cause of human welfare. This 
is what gives to the arcliiiological study of the city ita dignity 
and importance. 

Tho first noint in the book to striKe the scholar ia the value 




wbiobbaf* aitmdy p s r lAe J or Mffawl mttnlr, m 
■urvice »•• reRder*! In bietorical artbarol^Qr ; awl •« 
liopo that Um turn of mow o( the drsviap hjr Aol 
MillioKen migr oauae tlte nUmm of tlw vnol* of ( 
oriKinally brought out, which h*n \mm, wo bolioM, k 
print and are very rarely t<> be mot witb. 

" Ityxantina (VnsUntinople " MaOM to m to bo k 
mora oomplvtu study of the orlfiiwl oathoritiaa tkoi 
bafoca U'tm attom|iU'<l. It i* unqnaatiooobly Ika MOit 
iiiveatigation of Uf wall* which baa jrot opfMiad. An 
introduction skotcbea tbo circuiitstaiioao in whUk tbs 
wall* were built and r aatora d , in ttie oottfaa d whiob  
forgotten faeta (such aa tba abare v( tbo t a otiona of tlw 
the ctHiatruction of tba walU) ara l aeoti l a J . Tba 
invoatigation of walla, gatoa, borboura, and of aoaw of 
palacea whieb once adorned tba eity, b tbo main 
book i and wo cannot imagine a nor* tboroi^^ 
study of tba aubject. Even if fotora axoavatioaa Am 
facta at preaent unknown. Profetaor van Millincan'a I 
not be anporaeded, beoauao it f ao af Taa an asaat pirii 
wulU aa tbajr now axiat and an asact roeord of all th 
known about them. To tba genanJ raador— for tbo bool 
mean* only one fur thnaa who havo tina and aeat fa 
investigation- the moat intareating parte will doaUh 
very full accounts of the (toldon (iate, the ao-aallail " 
Relisarius," concliMively IdanttAod bgr Piolaaaui van 1 
with the Palace of the Porphyroganitna, tbo Towan o 
and Isaac Angelus, and the Palace of Blachamae, with 
careful and final identification of tbe aite of tbe Hebdoi 
Makrikcui, and tho wcll-reaaoned conclusion aa to tbo tv 
by the Turkish ahipe on their famooa overland vojafa. 
will weloiMie the oompleta record of all the inacriptio 
walls. The book ia admirably prodncad hf prin 
publishera. 

A G(7iDB TO OoKaraiiTiaorLB, by DaawtHaa Co 

(A. and C. Black, 1800, &. Ad.), ia tho 
originally publi<>hcd in 1805. Ita only 
guide ia its chonpnnw, hut it U ibtnbtfal If this 1% iw 
pnrohaaiMl by tho alMMnncc of muoh inforwiation Uiat an ii 
iravellpr nctsls. Tbe map of tbo otty, tboogb eiaor. te 
way Inferior to th« two mapa ffi**o by Money, ami I 
no means all the sitea which ahoald ba vMta4. mmt 
all thoMi that are diflloult to Bad. Hiatorioolly. tbe 
not alwnya aeeante (it ia atmac*, by tho way, to 
" Willnrdonin "). Tho iloscriptfcw of tho SidtM will I 
accppte<l by thoM> who know tbo fbotot— "Ha (a of a 
and kindly dlspnaition . . . ami is estrawMly yofH 
his suhjeeta of all nir<*a and crrcxia." In tbo OMOMI 
antii|uitle<i of tho city tbe long exploded viaar of Dr. 
that tho Tokfour Herat to tbe Rtteeoof tho H o h ^ won to 
without demur. Prartioalty the very onwiae advieo 
that forelKncra if tboy " ara afraid of ra(«'hin|r aoM " i 
a fox in the moaqoea. The book, thoofrh fairly 
is not to be leeooMNoaded in pri-ft r eiico to Marray. 



MILITAEY OEOORAPHY. 



Outlines of MiUtiury Oaogrftphy. By T. 

ItaffUlre, I>L.D. SxOiin.. :ViO pp. Cambridgi-. ISBP. 

Oambridjre University Ptm 

This would have Imx<u an admirable book if the < 
had corrcaDonded to tho rxcetU-nt sr-ortal idea wl 



102 



LITERATURE. 



[l^'ebriu 



orto 
rMd hto 



R. Oraea. 



Hw traad of the events of his own lUy ought to har* 
Baalar aad hU Mahan. " No historian for aoa* 

to «MM will vcntttTO to aasert, as did tb« lat« Rot. 

thai war pUyi a SBall part In thr rt-al »tory of the 

atloM " Our author has failed to K<>t OrvMi's 
In'ti'f". but the rest of his dlotom in true enough. In 
tka ■■hafipj w ocb throiiKh wlilch we have juxt imimvI, many of 
«g Imto Imgaii to farhiOi iii> our olenientary slrntoi^y, and to 
work out for the flrit tinM> piMliU'iiiit uf Hpnco and time, and tlii' 
relative Mlvanlaet-n of diflrnMit ty|te« of torrain for attack nnd 
4aiHMew It would lui^>< lieeu H'ell if Hiich tliinpi had liet>n more 
genetaUy atlwWfwl bofurrluind— notably in r<<rtain qiinrtcrH wliert* 
•arh infonnation should have been forthcoming lioforc tlio uchhI 



fat this reason Dr. Magnire's little book has its uses, and 
ewtetai chapter*, the llrst three more particularly, arc well 
woftli reading, neae are the more general nml thcorclicnl 
ones ; it is a pity that when wc get down to dclailii there should 
he ao much to criticise. An author illuxtriitinf; p-oitmphicnl 
and iliatrtii nl points by ilenuile exampleit niiiht tiike i-nro that 
hii teets are a(*curato. We do not allude to mere misK|M>IUnKH 
saeh aa •* Kive Forts " for Five Forks " (p. 'JOB), or (Vano for 
Ocafta (p. 8). St. Panl for St. Pol (p. 73), or Tnrif for Tarik 
(p. 321). There are also comtidcraljlc niiw<m<i-ption» of history 
which vitiate the argument of whole iwragraphH. Rcnscrio was 
not a "MercIIeas and astute (ioth," nor did V'tsigothii ever 
** gala the eooMMUMt of tho soa in the Dark Ages "—a vat^iie 
phraaff. bat in any sense an iiuiceumtc one. Ciesar never 
caapaignad in Mauretania, but oidy in Xumidia nnd PnK-unsnlar 
ACrioa. Professor Freeman, had ho been >part><l to us, would 
kav* AnumI BOiJi to say on the slntentent that "The Franks, ii 
twfMWlftinil of German tribes located between the Khine and 
Weaer, eroaaed the former river alKiut 420, and established the 
Aaplre of France, which has practically lasted to this day." 
Thenaopylm ia not situated on abat Dr. Ma^uiro calls the 
" Otyapian ClMin." but is a part of the Oeta miifirc, a wholly 
dh^inrt aystea^ aeparatod from Olympiu by the whole breailth 
irf Thiasslj But the most curioiut and detniliHl error tliat we 
have found iu tbia booll ia tliat the celebrat<-<l Fort Fisher waK 
OMB of the daleaaaa at Vicksbnrg, on the Mississippi, ami that it 
was Taialy boailMrded and assaulted by Admiral I'orter nt the 

I ol the thirty-threo vesaela which fonnetl the Fe<lenil flotilln 

Ihe Great Ui%-cr. As a matter of fact. Fort Fisher is 
the Atlantic seaiiaatd of North Carolina, and was 
the chief ew ilafcaiim of Wilmington. It was attackc<l by the 
Federal Atlaatto leet, and has nothing to do with the story of 
V l ofc a b ar g, Croa which it it aomc (WO miles distant. Moreover 
tha data is given wrongly, as Daoambar 'M, 18(]2, inatead of 
OMMibar S«, IM4. 

Aaothar weak point oonaiaU of the dry lists of passes and 
raatea to whieh no explaaatory paragraphs are devote<l. What 
nsa, for mvr^, la a sentanoa such as this :— " The Little 
8t. Barnard, Oenia, Gen^re, Tcnda, and Comicbe paaaes lca«l 
from France into Italy, and hare been traversed by armies from 
tha days of Chariae VIII. to thoee of Napoleon III. The 
Taoora oonaooU tha Drava with the Salia. The 
TMHra ia betweiM the Bma and Drave." Thi; 
' will be poarted by the last words, where tho 
I of Itea Cor Bnaa makea the whole eentence unintolli- 
glMe, bat It b not so aiaeh to each a slip aa to the useleaaly 
arid aatara of aaeh lists that WW most call alU>n I ion. Tlie pages 
38B and 200 gi«a area WDtae examples. 



OTHER NEW BOO 



Ploua Vara*. 

It is only by a aooewhat liberal iute 
title that Mr. Laurie Magnus nntl Mr. C< 
been ablo to collect ao ample and iIoliKht 
precatory verae aa they have given us in 
Poets (Blackwood, 5a.). Tho prayers, tlin 
when they are genuine petithms, a«> not olv 
prayers, either for himself or others, but * 
ease of Mr. Watts-Dunton's impressive soi 
offering up of a supplication by some one else, 
tho " prayer from a poet " Is linrdly to be accoi 
but is rather aa invocation, an apostrophe, 
pious meditation ; or oven, as iu the doaing 
*• Ulysses," simply tho expression of heroii 
it is rather difficult to s(>o by wlutt proce 
Henley's well-known little poem vt stoical doH 
winding up as it does with the stanaa — ' 

It matters not how strait the gate. 
How charged with piuiishmcuts 

1 am the master of my fnte, 

I am the captain of my soul, 

can bo cla-ssed among prayers to any Power, o 
too, surely there is some slight strain upon 
the naroo of a prayer to the fainoiw I^iicretian 
cmbnu-o of Mara and Venus, for all that 
invocation to tho K(Mlih>KN and enils with the c 
that she will persua«lo her divimi lover to gi 
world. Nevertheless, it would Un, |x>rha|>s, u 
to a latitude of cmstructioa which has ena 
Include so much of the finest ixx>try of the wo 
have thrown their net aa widely aa poeeit 
include spcciinons of devout vorso from p 
from each other in |>oint of time as Homer 
Kipling, and as widely different in character 
and .loan Baptistc Rousseau. It is unncccsa 
saintly English divine is more largely rep 
scandalous French epigrannnatist, but the 
tribution, though like the fly in amber it is 
rare," interests us by its prosenco in th 
for tho reason so pointo<lly cxprossod by Po| 
also, aa being one of the few instances, 
instance, in which tho editors have failc<l as 
versiou of this poem is neither so mctrica 
vcrlially Imppy aa their other renderings, wl 
ccllent ami add not inconsiderably to tho lnt€ 
Tha Spanlsh-Amarloan War. 

There have been many books al>out the 
War, most of them, as is natural, of merely e| 
but there was pli>nty of room left for Mr. I 
DowxrALL or 8rAJN (.Sampson Low, 14s. n 
doaU with tho naval history of the war, but 
branch of the subject exhaustivoly and instrti 
with the blowing up of tho Maine, and a ca 
evidence given before tlie Court of In(|uiry i 
that diaaatroua osploaion. Mr. Wilson inclines 
the Spanish authorities probably moore<l tho % 
plaoed a mine under the vessel, in order to 
tha erent of war being declared, but that the 
fired without onlcrs. He prooeoils to diwuisf 
tlons of tho war in detail, troatlog o%-en tho r 



February 3, 1 900. J 



IJTKRATI^UF. 



''<-"manclor-tn-chlr( moro pnppetn, m m^i ur<- 

'I (rtiiii w liiU'hull. A lwi'iili<'iu-i'< n u|{iti nml 

" -t liiint.iMHl Willi iirili'i-n mill >'<ui ll (ua 

111 uiiiilil Im) H|Miill, mill nil Hvu|Mi , liU 

__^_ _^, Till) tlllfl/IMlill 1"* till illi-lll\ Itn Wi-il .1 .- ,.ii. It 

ill ilim war llwiw iK'i 'liaMbluui 

Mtiil, " fvt>rylliiii(( \ < ry inuoli 

wikM cluiiu trum >Viu>liiiiKt<iii. Urilcrit tu tliu m-oiiIh, lur iiuiLuiic4), 
wc'i'ii itriil by Ikii .Nitvy l>i<|Hii'tiiiuiit ii» wull um liy Atluiirui 
•Suiii|i!ujii, tli« l'uuiuiuiuli<r-iii-C'liii<r. .S4iim>tiiii<>M lio gsvu 
iliKi'rtMil ordfrM, iiol kiiuwliiK u( (hu utlicr wt uf liiHlriivtloiia, 
mill tlio rt'sull, iiH wu uliuiilil t'X|NH:t, wim I'oiiruNiuli. Tllv 
AuK-riimii xyHtc'iu uf iiiU-lli(;t>iirti wiut uxi-«llc-iit, but tlic 
Aiiicricuii urtptiiiiUklioii o( I'umniuiitl wum fuiilty uiul iiiit(l>t haw 
iiMiilt<><l ill iiiui-h iiiiHcliicr liml tlio iiuvy iM-tui ii|>|Mim<<l by a 
nli'<iii|;t<r fuv. 

Tbu book i8 woil ,wrltU)U, well ttrraiigixi, and wvll UluMtraUMl, 
hikI in likoly to bo of pvrnuinvnt value. 

Klpllnr. 

U Bi-unis uurly duyii fur Ixioka to bu publishiil fur the purpuav 
of prupiiriuK btuiluula to pan* fxaoiiiuttiuuii iu the wurka of Mr. 
Kuilyiiril Kipling. Yot, if Mr. l-rutlcriu Lawruiico Kiiowlt-s' 
A KiiLi.su I'mMtat (Cbutto aud Wiiidua, a». (kl.) wua not wriltoii 
for this piirposo, it U, at any rau>, dilUcult to migj^vat uiiy 
nlturualivu jublilK-atiuii for iU) t-xidicucu. 'Ilioru aru llirvo 
obapu.-r». 'lliu Ural is a biographical hkutch coulaiuiag ihu 
uaiial laoUs, toguthur with iiomu itlau.-uivuut wliii-h it might bv 
diUiuiilt lo Nuriiy— an llial, at tho liiuu oi Mr. Kipliug's aiiiortu- 
naio illiiL'iis in ^uw Vurk, " tho I.oiidun papom istsiiud uxtrait lor 
uvury buUutiu." Tho iiocuud ia a critical (.•attuiato of Mr. 
Kipling's iitoriu-y positiou of tho sort that we look (or iu tho 
(JIaroiidou aud ^itt Press udiUous of tliu lAtin, Urook, French, 
aud Uoruiau classics ; wo uotu that it ouiils lo uienliou 
" iMklalia iioroiUiool," or such short sluries as " Tho Man 
Who Would bo King," '• Tho Man tliat Was," and " Tho 
iiitruiige iiido of Marnmby Jukos " ; but most of tho critical 
ruiuiii-Rs uro proof agiiiiist objection, being us just as they are 
obvious. Tho third chapter is an index to Mr. Kipling's 
writiugs, iu which tho curious may look out " h'u/zy Wuz<y," 
" I'irat Chuntoy," " Ueutlemen uaukers," " Lioot," " Uonis," 
'• Koute Murchiu'," " Tomliusou," " Venus Annodomiui," Ho., 
and be roguled with appropriate letterpress, t iually, there are 
bibliugrapnios of hrst editions and reference articlos. The 
former duej not munlion the contribulions to the L'uitod Service 
College mui^aziiio, and tho latter does not meutiou Mr. K. ivay 
liobiiuon's article iu Litfruturt. 

Tne Enyllatti SUls» through Fopclirn Speotaolsa. 

Among the advunluges to art accruing from tho 
eosmopolilauism of London is the domestication of the foreign 
critic. Mr. Ureiu is an admuablo example of the exotic, 
sympathetic mentor, kindly but severe, who sits at our poor 
artistic feasts, uiiulykes the dishes on tho board, and helps us 
lo see the fault.s of our theatrical cookery, or, at least, to 
understand how others view them. In his volume of collected 
articles, Dkamatio Chiticism (L<ong, 3s. Ud.), Mr. Urein, who 
writes in French as well as English, comos to this conclusion as 
to the Knglish stage—" O'est rapothcoso hontcuM.' et degradante 
du i>y-'.tome commercial." All tho principal plays produced in 
London during 18U7, 1898, and tho early mouths of 18W aro 
mentioned. Dt'uUng with tho drama of '97, ho writea, " Tho 
record is one of which we have no reason to bo proud " ; of 'U8 
ho says, " Like a ton-ent Inst yoar'a eventa iu our theatrical 
world rush through my memoi-y, and most of them deserve no 
bettor fnto than to swell tho ocean of oblivion." But if Mr. 



^irtoiun.'s upMt ma AlnMdjr wlHHwnwl 
■• DrwMiUa wttMMa ia Ikk mmitrf," tm mfm. 
few lauciabl* •aoapUotta. U airy, atato. ami 
etitlrvly dcroM cf lnt«ll«ii>tual f'lren ; is 
Miuoatiug, but klinply dull. ' Tilt* nay tm ttfm, IMI M 
Mrhii lioldn a brief fur tlM< « '•■nllmiwlal iirilll. pmadmtm 
list friMii ViMoa, Pwia. and livrlin. Mr. Uivia'a ban 
expniwiuu »4 an aaracat and eaadid adnd, iwl ho la aaaf 
a ruforniur uMnqut, aod buMMi kU lira la Imvb aol Imm 
bu dvapoMla wiMra Um iaaa aiaatlag mmg 
thing*. 
Mr. Doetay. 

■Mr. K. V. Dunne baa followed up 
l>iuley III Peaoo and iu War " by pubiiaktag Ma. L 
Tiiic llEAHTo or Uia CutMTavMut (Uraat IflnlMiili. 
Homo uf the aootlona aro oaire annwlag Uuui otlMta ; 
hardly be going Uw far to aajr Uial aoaa ct liMai ara 
dull, ll ia by hla bval work, iMMrevar, tka( a aauii 
judged : and Mr. Uouloy at bia baM ia 
INiriicularly graiaful ut him (or 
Uruydu oaaa. Tb« trial itaalf «aa ao paakatf wllb at 
timt (uroioal ezaggeratton must liava 
iXioley overnnana tbe dtOeulty. Uls 
solution of (be prublnma raiaed by tba eaaa, Ikoagft « 
in exiruvnguui htiiguoge, must have ■maiaiil rtawmalHa 
pt.'ople nt liie tiim; :-- 

It Paris togeUiar, aa' I'd aay, ' 

' th' prvM u tb' palajuiaa 

" but uur libertiaa no kM%ar r 

" This wan, wualiver it aasaa, 

i' tu' hultuuuuiea M broka. aaayi 

' I've bought lUI IV ye ticKeu lo JoaaaaaMM 

an' ye'il oe suippcd lucre lu-uighL," Id aay. 



I'd gather all 
men," I'd say, ' 
Itberlies," I'd aay ; 
paiajeem," I'd aay. 
at tu' risbunds, at 
say. 
say, 



ooulrerw iv tuat gr-reui ciiy is worn out witn iMur « 
an' ye'U Uiid pieuiy iv wurruk tu do. la (act, tb 
tlukl're ant>-oe«:miics 'll uiver hM:k iiapluyMeal." 
" iLuceturUi rr-rauco will be free — frm la' Kfcca iv 
say. " An' tb' nex' moruiu' farji 'd awake la'm an' 
With no newspaper, an' there'd be more room la 
papers I'r tuu Uaae-ball news," aays 1. 

" Uut, mong liquor deitler, wtiat ya propoaa 'd d( 
France," says tu' fresident. 

"1. tiut's th' uaao," aaya I, " Vr-maoa, oag 
depopylated," 1 says. 

Among other subjecta on wtUeh Mr. Doolay rb'Kriry 
the poems of Mr. KipliQg and tba parfocauaoaa ot L» 
llubson ; but tb wu tbinga are furtbar un ia tha book. 
Mr. Ftaka*a Baaaya. 

Mr. John Kiske, whose reoaat moat iHportant 
review in another column, is also tbe aotbor of A C&x 
Si'iKKCK, AND Orata KasAT* (MaeaiilUa, Da. 0d.). Th 
rather misleading— ooly four oat of tba fbartaea assay* < 
science nt all. Tba olban aro ebiafly poUUeal aad Utan 
of them aro «-ortb raadlng. Mr. Fteka, aa aa . 
presonta a pleaaing eontrast to tba i 
somotimos obaonra uttaraacca of aoaw of Us IbU w w ma i 
lio alwa}-* baa aooiptblng dolnita aad origiaal to aaj 
says It in lurid, foroilile Bngliah. Theae caaaya, tkoagk 
and slighter than Froude's " 8lMrt Stodiea," rwMJail ai 
in thoir maacullne qoality and tbeir wide cnltore. V> U 
class of pcraoos described by Mr. Fiain aa Delia Bi 
which, dcspita tba contempt of Bbabaapaariaa antbot 
iH>rtainly increaaing ia tbia eoaatry. am oohmmmI bia ai 
imiirr on the " Baooo Hbafcwpaara Folly." 



1U4 



UTERATURE. 



[Febrm 



My* Mr. Hilttiwn. of tte Mtro ** wkiek to 

■ad diNOtty a» work in U> latarMt ha* Immi th« 
Cliarek," Mid " tbe ChaMh aivt eoatinoa to be 
■• Um wUa inlnetie* mt^ttei in thp niirk of r>lr>\titiiig 



Tnb Pblxoiplm or BuMoor, bj Harbarl Spenoer, Vol. II., 
MviMd and «alu|«d «dltioa (WillbuM sad Norgate, 18a.). Mr. 
r'« great work on biology bam beeono a cUnic in bU lifo- 
kBd it U BMttor for oongfrntaUtion that bo baa boon 
•paivd to rDTiae it and bring it into accordauw witb recent 
advanoea in the acleiie e . Tbe plan of tbo roviaiun iu tbia aeoond 
I dilaia f»D« thak adopted in tbe formor <uic. Tboro ttio 
d eorraeliona w«ra ineorpontod «ith tbo body of the 
work ; bote tkej haT* bean for the moat (tart relcKntotl to iiutca 
There ia no doubt that tliu lattor plan is 
mmtih walrlng book like "Tbe Priooiplea of 
Bhdagy " ahoold be left aa far aa poaaible in tbo lanie aUte in 
abicb ii ftr»i U'ti tbo author'a band. Many iuUroatiiig pointa 
are treated in tiie appeodioea, bat tbe additional matter, aa a 
liaaawller in bulk and importance to that in Uio Itrat volume. 



CLASSICAL. 
Propertlua. 

It u a rare tiling to aoe an lingliah tranalatiou of Latin 
rerae which, while prtraemng th« thought of th« original, vioa 
with it in oumprasaiun, but in Mr. beymuur Urieg Tremenheore'a 
CraraiA (Macinillan, 4a.) will be tound a ^cholaIly miidcriug of 
tho brat hook of thu mogiaa of Propurtius, which may fairly be 
aaid to ha«« attaiiiett thia diatiuction. i'ropertiua ia by nu 
maana eaay to tranalate adequately. Ue ia olteu obacure, he ia 
audactoua in oxpcvMiou, and tita turn of bia thought la aome- 
timaa au (juick aa to balUe all acarcb for an equivalent. More- 
ovac the variod c ad en cea of hia iUegiaoa do not readily lend 
I to reproduction through tae medium of any KngliHb 
Meverthelaaa Mr. Tmnianheera baa auooaeded wonder- 
fully well wiUi hia oetoayllabio couplets. Ihe two move- 
meuta are, ol courao, dia>imilar, tbo one liowing like a billowy 
aaa, tha other running more Hnoothly and criapty, but the spirit 
aoimattog each aruaut lore-poem haa bean, in nearly every 
inateooa, caught and impriaoned unhurt in the new fettora. 'Ihe 
original poema are printed oppoaile the Knglish veniiona of them, 
whien. It ahouid be aaid, occupy an exactly equal number of 
UnM. Tne teat toUoiTBd wbararar poaaible la that oi the Naplea 
MH. and tha Inr actaa added in explanation of readinga and 
randariflga are very well worth reading. Mr. Tremenhoere ia no 
fnend to iiiinareaiaiy •mendationa, but the one conjecture npon 
whkh he baa eaotomd in reading " per ae anient " (in place of 
'a '* par aa dent ") fur " porauadent " in Kleg. 2, 1», 
to have eomidac*ble likelihood. \\e hope ha will not 
na ill'Oaiurad lor pointing out that, in Kleg. 'JO, Vi—H, 
attar deoiding (doobthraa quite rightly) in favour of all three 
a4jeet«roa— " duma montea," " frigida aaxa," and " ospartoa 
laaaa "—on the groond that it ia unlikely " that I'rupertiua would 
hare naoM three piiyaical faatoraa and endow only one of tham 
with an epithet,'' he liaa only found room for one epithet himaaif 
in the rauderutg " fidl and tarn and fraaiing tor. ' ' 




Mr. A. W. Piehafd-Cambrldg* haa MMlwtakeii a naeTui work 
in editing hia Uaxn Coiuc KBAOMom (Clarendon Preaa, 6a.). 
Aa ha rightly aaya in hia preCaoe, theaa have not hitherto been 



to Iw all thnt ia rtN{uirMl, niul l>c«idi>M a U 
moatly, of ooiinte, to Athonaoiia iiuil Stobavu; 
In which tbo aubjoota of the fnigiuciitK iiro i?la 
Hedem Solenoe on Olympua. 

It makaa one mulaiicboly to aaa all the mi 

of TUK UOOH OV Out X\U TH8 ^rollY THAT Tl 

J. A. K tx Million and V. A. Kits .Simon, M.I 
lUa. M.). Yeara must have been spent in ( 
volume, anil we fear it haa no value at all. 
abow that the ancient poeta and (ihilosophc 
an allegory tbe latoat discovenea of mo<lei 
authora had Iwen content with generalitiea, il 
had compared the course of evolution with thi 
iu Uenesis, and wiUi iiosiod's gruHtli ,of the 
it might have been intereating. There is tin 
tlio thoaia, that iiuiny Cireeic doitius or leg 
origiimlly pui-sonilicatious of natural furoea 
preaa this far. The storie* that grow up 
generally nothing to do witli their origin 
part fairy tales, part explanations of ritual, | 
tious relined by imagination. Tiiis IkioIc, liowi 
tliu porta to !« poets at all. Tlie authors rua<l 
fend sue in it nothing but " Chemical Force.' 
(ao they call Polyphemus; has no real wheat, 
but theee iiaiiiea, rw^, tpSai, and d/iriXoi, are 
allusions to ; ■riite energy (rt>p), <lrc 
ix/M0itv), and < M'd ^<l>^— iriXdw) of choii 
in tlie production of lava, or of rock in ii mol 
When each " Cyclop " gives !aw to his Hivei 
means that " the respective atoms are goi 
athnities.*' As an illustration, the fonnula 
reaction when H^ NCI is heated with Ca U. 8i 
of I'olypheinus, " instead of being a aiUy 
story with a preiioateroua transformation, is 
of a volcanic outuurat and its after etfecls." 
urammod with the most " preposterous transfor 
Thus, Tirav IS derived from rl rat/y^tm), " e 
molecular matter." A " Titan is a molaci 
fi/M, and is the same word as pin "by a sim 
Diet ia derive<l from lid, arbot from afifbt, 
Xp4- ^t enough ; if the gods of ol<l talked i 
all mad. 

Mr. 11. Wliatca' Politicianr' Hahobooi 
known aa a highly useful book of rcforeiioo. 
cluijiterH of Ihe lUOO issue treat nmiiy controv< 
inipurlially, but not too jwrtially. 1'tie rest 
of Uov<-riiment documonta and subjecU* nrnui 
with cxpliiiiutory commonta. The only iiiij 
■"■KK^^t is that the subjects on oach page ahi 
the to]> of it, and that with the title of eaoh 
given the date of report or evont in question. 

That excellent apociinen of ita oUas, Thi 
(Virtue, :<«. Od.), by A. C. K. Carter, haa uj)|k' 
Urat annual issue. An iinproveinont this yt 
attention paid U> applied Art, with nil an 
Hlraiigu apocially dc%-oted to the sulijoct, and 
scutativo workers in the Held of decorntivc A 

Vol. V. of Tub Rauou AHY (iJeinrose, 7m. (kl. 
lication, witb many admirable picturea and dii 
in a manner worthy of th<r highttil praiHt.% It 



February 3, 1900.] 



LITERATURE. 



THE GRAVES OF MAGER8FONTEIN. 



The Kwy-hnlrwl i the niUt 

liookit fiirtli miiH.HK lit-r wintry ■«>•, 
" Mv IiuIk Iiiiv<> k"<«* t" (o**'!' tlioir trynt, 
(>, wlinii will tlu'y I'ome bsok 0> dm<? 

" Willi NklrliiiK |ii|M>H mill riii((i>iK i'Ikxth 
Th«y li'fl t\w Iniiil of Inch mul Imrii, 
Ti>-nlKht tli« imiiiikI In In my <<nn, 

Kut wlii>n, ah wlu>n, will th«y rutnrnr 

" I know tlio wmthorn Innil U fnir, 
A briichtor una, a l)luf>r Nky, 
I know thut famo in waiting thtin>, 

nut not fur thoM) who ilrop mul «U<<. 

" The one may rUo, tho many fall. 

Th<> Nhallow gravo inuxt ht<l<> their bom^M, 
The lirtuut shall bu their funeral pall. 

Their nionuniont the gatheml Mtonon." 

(» ^'roy-hnin<<l niothiT of the mistt, 

O (lnrk-4>yt>(1 dnughtrr of tho huh. 
Your lips th« asme dead lipx liave kiiwctl. 

Though lc«f(nn aimrt, yo yet am one. 

'Tift Britain by the northern iten, 

'Ti» Britnin t)y the wmtherii fonm, 

.\nil thy brave son*, who far fi-oni thoo 

Miut cloae their eyea, atill alcop at homo, 

B, PAUL NKUMAN. 



Ipcisonal Dicws. 



MKMonreS OF JOHN Rr.SKIN, , 

The passing away from us of a great literary force i» 
usunlly the orca-iion of more elnhorate eiitimntes and of 
more eopious eulogies than were ever offered to the living 
man. It is so with John Huskin, who ha.s been as silent 
as if he were in the grave for some fourteen years, during 
all wliich time the busy world has, for the most part, l)een 
as silent about his life and work as he has been himself, I 
liave no thought of adding to the essays in which he is 
now being judged. But as one who has known him now 
for forty years, I will jot down some personal reminiscences 
of him in his London and Coniston homes, I have said 
elsewhere all that I could say of his genius, I will try to 
give some rough sketch of what he was in the flesh. 

It was in 1860 that I tirst came to know liuskin. He 
was teaching a class in drawing at the Working Men's 
College, where I then took a class in history. He invited 
me to s{)end the Sunday at his liou.se in Denmark-hill. It 
was in the lifetime of his father and mother. And on 
several other Sundays I was graciously welcomed in that 



Rconomy." » John ' T ' • - x half hMi4 hln 
** what non»M)M> you ■. ig I ** — vhMi John wi 

one of bU OMgniflornt panwloiai, aDintwIlifiU*  
to f'  "T Sootflh mMcbai ' '•n Rmkin < 

in I <in hia (atlwr aoDi' noMMtqiMl 

much of Ilia dvUcatr mom of vt. Bat iDtrllrcti 
father wiw the \' 'rheaia of Um MB. II«M 

lie atrongent, wl" tirillijint 100 wm veakwt 

were momenta when the father aw Btted the tin 
aenae, breadth, and hold on realitiea. And vIm 
waa tamed of forty, the father Ktill aeemad aooM 
his tutor, hia f^de, hia »up|iort. 

The relations l>etween John Huakin and hia pan 
among themnat lieautiful thinga that dwell in myi 
Towering aa he did by ireniaa above hi* parent*, whi 
understood nor syni; ' with ao mnch in 

cancer (dating from" I ..;^ :....^ I^st'^.heinrarii 
towards them with the moat afTeftiomiB d«f> 
robmitted without a mnrmar to the rnle «' 
which, on the Sabhitth day, covered hia belo.... 
with dark screens. This man, well paat middle li 
the renown of his principal work*, who, for a 
years, had been one of the chief forcea in the Utei 
oar oentary, continued to ahow an almoat el 
docility towards his father and his mother, reapecti 
complaints and remonstrances, and gracefully sal 
to be correi'ted by their worldly wiadom ant 
exjierience. The conscjousness of hia own paMio 
and the bound leas love and duty that he owe 
parents could not be expreeaed in a way more b 
One could almost imagine it was in the ~ 
youthful Christ when he said to his mothei. 
not that I must he about my Father's baainew ? " 

In personal manner Rnskin was alwaya, in 
perience, the very mirror of courtesy, with ->- ■- ' 
chnrm of spontaneous lovingneea. It was i 
world graciousneaa of Mr. Oladstone, nor the 
simplicity of Tourg^nieff — to name some eminent 
of courteous demeanour — it waa simply the irr**] 
bubbling up of a bright n.itnre full to the fai 
enthusiasm, chi\'alry, and affection. No boy OM 
out all that he enjoyed and wanted with 
freedom : no girl could be more humble, 
unassuming. His ideas, his admiration, or h 
seemed to flash out of his spirit and escape hia 
But it was always what he lo\-ed. not what he ha( 
roused his interest. Now all this was extraordiaar 
who. in writing, treated what he hated and aeon! 
really savage violence, who had such hitter worda 
letters to hia beat friends, who is astiAlly charg 
inordinate arrogance and conceit. The world  



106 



LITERATURE. 



(Tobnm 



Mkcd iiM> to tfli him vhitt Plato had written about the 
ordw of aoriety. and in which of hi* worka. 

Not only «iu he in aorial interooar«e one of the motit 
coaTteooa and rreeteat of frienda, but he w«« in manner 
OD* of the mort faj«cinatinc and impressive heines whom I 
Vitr met, I have lalk<><l with Carlyle and Tennyson, with 
Victor Hngo and Mazzini, with Garibaldi and with 0am- 
bett«, but no one of theae ever impreiweil me more vividly 
with a tenae of intense perM>nality, with the inexplicable 
li^ht of f^nina which seemed to well up apontaneonxly 
from heart and brain. It remains a poyohological puzzle 
how one who could write with p«.«i«ion and scorn such a* 
Oariyle or Byron never reached, who in print was so often 
Adtanativt oontra muudunu and opened every aoaertion 
with *♦ I kiKwr," waa in private life one of the gentlest, 
Sayest, hnmblent of men. 

I incline to think that the violence and arrogance 
which were imputed to him came of a kind of literary 
carfrw« which he never attempted to control. He let 
himaelf go, ng perhnpo no writer since Rabelnis ever has 
done. And this vehemence, ns of some Delphic priestess 
OD the tripod, aeemed to sting him into strong words even 
in his privnte letters to friends in the midst of the most 
affecttonntp terms. I have before me twenty or thirty of 
hia lettera full of — " You don't und»-rstand that a bit — 
•vrr a ffeci innately ynnrs," — and so forth. In one letter he 
d«acril>r<i nn eminent English j>hilosopher, for whom I had 
a deep regard and high a<)miration, as "a mere loathsome 
cretin."* This. I think, was at a time of much brain 
excitement, and was followed on my remonstrances by a 
hMuty apology. Vehement langntge with Ruskin was a 
literary weflkness. rather than a moral fault. He has paid 
a bitt«'r (lenalty for failing to overcome the tendency. 
There wa« an absurd epigram ahout Goldsmith that begins, 
*• he wrote like an angel and talked like [joor Poll." Of 
Rui>kin it might U- said that he t^ilketl like an angel, and 
wrote as if be were one of the Major Prophets. 

His private letters were wonderfully characteristic, 
full of the pas-'ion, the banter, the incoherence, and the 
affection which pours forth in For$, Nothing can be 
imagine<l more spontaneous, more sympathetic, more 
ianciful, more tender, along with spa>ms of rage and 
indignation. He goaded me into the reply I have 
puMiohed in the " Choice of Rooks," and in his letters 
floog about his epithets and similes like a man in a 
pwnoo. He once asked me to tell him what I meant by 
• pSMBge in a published piece of mine. I fell into the 
trap, aad stated my meaning in a private iett«*r. " What ! " 
be wrote liack, " do yon suppose I care what you mean, or 
doo't mean ! But I love you. — John Kuskin." He was 



*\,^m. I r_. .._.^». 



I...I sii^.^ 



Mttgmvne and then Froafr's 3/"/';  
liast" unll probably sur\ive them Uoili. 

I saw him last in the Octolier of 1) 
some days in his house at (^miston. 
changed from the man I knew in 1860 i 
but it was the calm sunset of a long life. a1 
ness, combat, or denunciation nt rest for f 
NothiiiK but well and f; 
.\nd what ma.v quiet im in n dontli w 

With his long snow-white beard, ]K»acei 
manner, he might have been the mod 
proj)het. All his surroundings were of I 
contentment — exquisite nature, rare art, 
family — roses, the (^niston Old Man acr 
drawings of his friends, illuminated nr 
precious books. I read there some of 
romances in the original manuscrij)t 
choicest gems that he spared for himself 
gifts to the jiuhlic. And then we talk('< 
whereon we were always heartily at one 
Scott, the Alps, and the English Lakes. 

FREDERir 



flotes. 



Tbo recent lieavy losses among our vete 

nuilce one look round for tlie survivors. It Is pie 

that there nn- still among us a do7x>n nt li 

distinction who have passed thoir three »c 

Dr. Snnniol Bmilos is the rcvorend eldor of tl 

•'ighty-oighth year. Next to him comes Mr. PI 

known to our fathers as " Fi-stus " Bailey, 

juAor by loss than four years. Then four y< 

comes Mr. Herbert Spencer, and near about 

W. H. KuBsell, a famous war correspondent In 

war correspondents were fewer than they 

come Dr. Alfred Wallace and Mr. Goldwin Sm 

has recently romiudod us, in his sevonty-s 

Professor Max Mltller only a few months youi 

Macdonald is in his seventy-sixth year, and E 

Westcott, the loarnod Bishops of Oxford an 

his sevi'nty-nfth. Mr. Oeorge Meredith wil 

next Monday week, and Dr. 8. R. Gardiner v 

a few wi>ek8 later. Ruskin would have been cl 

lived onlv until next Thnrsdav. 

 • •  • 

Miss May Batcman sends iw the follow! 

showing one special and leas known side 

nature: — 

The Rulf of sevonteon years is bridgec 
ohild again when I r('meml>er Ruskin. The " 
counted him amonKs' their friends will 
Impressh'e memories, will sec in him ai 
teacher, as the case may lie. Hlx name is, 
in the book of the nation's life, but in the hi 
AM tf*lillf1pon. hmA flin nrlvlloiri* of knowinir li 



February M. ISOO.") 



LITERATURE. 



JuiIkiiiuiii. TIio pliniMa hu uaed werti p«rbA|M Itwi •tning«> 
to UN tliiiii to inniiy ohildrmi. Moaatomed •» wo wpni l<> thi' 
wImi wnyH <if n fnlhor who brought iik up on Mallury iiihI 
Hhiik(<MtM<nr<>, anil l<<t un Ioo)m< In ii h\\t lihrarjr of clniMlral 
Ilt4>nitiiri< whon wi» wi»r«< i^nM y<>nr>i old. Hut i'Vi<n no, w«< fi-lt 
(lint Kiixkln'H wnnla wnri' nl nnMNiinl tlliitlntition, that they hnil 
liKlit and colour, Knnii t>arli<>Ml oIiIIiIIhmmI lit< MUk4li* un ■wiiNitivi- 
lo Honiul, nlf<rt In vnluini; nilnu(<> Ki^'lofi of vxpn>wtloii, wliilr 
" Mak<' IIS WW IhhiKK I " wan our (<(>niil»nt cry. 

In Npltoof hJM lit)<rary work and Ifcturtit, Iho all-«n|rroMln|{ 
calls u|N)n IiIh linio, the clalniit of frlcndxanil acc(ualiitancci«,anil 
a vast correN|)ondciic(>, ho found thno to annwor all our lottcm 
by return of poat, " EvcrylxHly oIho next tlmo." ho wroto dmi 
in a lottor duto<l thu fourth of .lanunry, 18H-t. RUIor |M>rM>nM 
iniKht Ih< kept wait in);, alto^i>thor dlHappo!nt<>d even— but 
never a child. On ono oooaaion, ho obviounly burrUnl that the 
date la omitted, he remfimboni to add the friendly wnrninit to 
" not out in the air," of which a l)0<ik-lovin(f ohild, thlwty for 
knowledKO and kiMMily alive to her deflcienolea, nf<Hle<l 
reminder. And a^aln. In an urgent |MMtaoript, " Wo mnat both 
have HomothinK to keep ua off our l)ooka." 

To Huoh a man ono told one'n hope* and dreama qnilo 
naturally. Who knowa that it is not owin? to his innuonco 
that so many of thoM hut havo stayed ? Hia own dreams 
wore at once ao vital and so near that be oonid summon them 
at will when with a child. When people speak of Ruskin aa 
he apiKtareil to them, a brilliant, aasortivo fl^nre, a pioneer of 
new thou;;hts, with band upraised pointlnx the way in which a 
numlMjr of diNciplos followoil, I try — but vainly — to reconcile it 
with my portrait. To-day and to the end of life ho will appear 
to me as simple " friend " — the kindest and moat " nndcr- 
standinjf," except my father, wliom F over mot — a man for 
whom one felt all a olilld's sympathy because ho was " so very 
old," mixed with a love and trust which, from a child, only the 
greater souls command. 

« • • • 

If the function of thu title Is to serve aa a gniie to the con- 
tents of the volume to which it is proflxc<l, not a few, certainly, 
of Kuskin's book-titles fail to conform to this requirement. 
" Sesame and Lilies," " Fors ClaviRcra," " Unto this Ijist," 
and some others arc so familiar that wo overlook the fact that 
none of them affords the would-be purchaser the slightest clue 
as to the subject of th<> Inxik. The worst is the famous " Notes 
on the Construction of She<'pfolds." Of this treatise Burton 
toils us in his " Hook Hunter " that it had a considerable run 
anions muirland farmers whose reception of it was not flattcrini;, 
and that a librarian, making the same mistake as to the character 
of the book, had it bound up betwovn " Suggestions aa to Eating 
off Turnips with Stock " ami " .\n Enquiry concerning the best 
materials for Smearing." 

» « *  

Most of the literary Interest of the magasines that we are 
able to notice this week centres in tho caiueritt. In Longmam', 
Mr. Andrew I^mg deplor(>s the economic n^ults of the changon 
in the public taste in literature : - 

Tlie " softness " of th<> iM<iiMian's " job " attracts i^viple ; 

it is amusing, too. and offers a pr<imis<> of notoriety if not of 

fame. But it becoMK>s l<>ss and l«>ss of a stable and |)ernmnont 

Job; the recruit of Uwlay is a veteran the day aftor to-morr»>w. 

Lawyers, doctors, dentists an» not superannuated so rapidly. 

It is true enoucii, no doubt, in a way, and truer than it was fifty, 

or even thirty, years ago. .\ modern novelist of Harrison 

Ainsworth's calibre wt>uld not be likely nowadays to keep his 



rUInK yoauf mrn uf IclUwv, a$tA Uw littlr fwM a 
young Rwa In othor profraakiSM, mti tiMi " Ihv Mm II 
are stupid la pwalaUNii a«d msAi AyfrnUiag." H 
bare Ut<Oy hutrn wrllill( Ia tlM> papnni lo |i»iiil w 
|MT«l»t<-hc<« iif th« Idna U d«0 lo llM> fiMit lluit ekrvrv I 
gi) into tlH< Army, b>i-auw> Umjt Imvb battrr «ianr<^ i4 
and dintingnUhlng Ihmnwima la otlM'r rmtmf, I 
.Mr. HlriM^l U wmnir in hi* balM that Ik* p«Ml 
lnt<'re«ieil In niMi «f IdMon tkm In a u M l oia. at aajr i 
pnwnt lime, AdmiIoIm atiMit Um priralo lite < 
Badcn-I'owell would onmiiMiiti a l»Hlrr RtarluH Ikna 
alxiut tho prtvat« life of lbr< UHiat brilUuit of onr I 
DovelisiM. If tbr>y do doI ap|M«r in anab inrao qnaniil 
iKH-anae tbcT ar«« not m) easy lo grl. 

• • • • 

Other literary artleira to which attention sImmUi 
an< : •• Isaae Walton's IJfe of Donne," by tha  
IV-eching, In f>>niAi7/, and " The Joint AntlMr«lli|i of t 
Marlowe and William Rhakaiipearp," by Mr. Jamra T 
the OmtlnHOH't Magasinr. Mr. Pnartl mfieliMlra ; 

That " Locrino," " Tito> Androniros." " Kdi 
following " Edward II.." " The Taming afllMt Shi 
all originally Marlowe's. That Hhakmpnarp, aflar 
cleat h. adopt<<d in |iart and alaMMi wholly t »w i* 
AndroniciiN." certainly eontribotod aoM* ae«Ma to 
III.," but atMolnlely appraprtal«d " TiM VmiI 
Shrew," making It by adoption and rvaoaateV^IlM 
as claimed his own. 

Last, but not least, eomaa KU^ytoo^t, wbleh b full 
flavour with a delightfnl article by Rlr Herbert ^' 
"0<ld Volume," vix., "Lays of the Deer Tvf- 
Sobieski and Charles Edward Stuart, Incladlng an i 
account of the SoMeski Stnarta; a review of the two 
letters of " Maria .losopha" ; and some crltlBl— a, aoa 
by no means undcacrved, on recent TolonMa of rMil 
under the heading, " Musings without Method." 

• • • • 

Blackmoro's grievance about the predonlnant pof 
" Lorna Doonc " was an Instanoe of an experience not 
nor unnatural among authora. Flaubert, for exaapl 
sam<> trouble about " Madame Borary." Aa MaeiM 
this famous novel waa made a kind el nlorlp— ehat* 
the course of ita sncoeaaors, till nanb«>rt had drank I 
tho bittemeaa of a past and unrepeatetl •oreeaa. 
necesaarily an example of the parent'a fowiaaaB ta 
favoure<l offspring. Sometimea the jndgmeat of the 
right ; more often, perhaps, the Inatlnet of the pnbllr. 

• • • • 

One of the most curious examplm of metre In pro 
founil In the late Mr. Blackmore'a " Lnma Doone." Hii 
metre for proae la not tho eomawn one of blank Ten 
foni^foot trochaic line of Longfellow's " Hiawatha." 
example, tho following paMsag<>. which to be apprerial* 
extended in poetical form : — 

But, confound It, while I ponder, 
with dellelooa drcMne iipiiliil. 
with my right arm hnoging fnmtrat' . 
and my giant sickle drooped. 
with my left arm bowvd for claaping 
aoasething more gwmena %kmm wheal . 
aad my ejiea ao4 1 
bat Intent on r~ 

Note that wherever there is a ayllable too frw at th 
line the last syllable, " drooped," " wbral." " woodi 
with a siwtained pause on It, aa waa the rale with Qrt 



108 



LITERATURE. 



[Februai 



" tlMt terrible t*Int— 
Pa«l«7." M Bw fmniTi mlU it, b to be fouiMl in KiiKlinh pruM>, 
I wiMta piltkll it in in the patb of the iiiiwur.v writer. 
I told down Ibe tuU> th«t proM munI >h> rliythmioal, 
kM met MMrkwI. 

A aiivie hetote lino may rery well |W)><i ami iml dislurli 
tkeaoMfwhat iMvar atriilf tif iIh> |inM< olvto : l>ut nn«> lin«< 
MIovllWMKrt her will proliuf an ini.l«nt iin|irf!>i.i»n nTiKivorty, 
lllBWii . bimI (liooiH'haiilnHHit. . . . Hut nucIi Ih tlio 
inbermiti.v rhytkmioal -irain << tlu* l':iixli>li InuK>iiiK<* tl>nl tl><' 
iMtl wriU'T- m'imI niiiM I tako for fxaui|il<* tlint adiiiinxl friend <)f 
mr boyhiiml. t'aplain Kelil ? Iho inexin'ripiictsl writer, ax 
Olckiami in hb earlier attmuplH to Im> iuipn>KKivo. and the jaded 
writer, m any one may nee r<ir hinweir. all temt t« fnli at oiiee 
into tite prodnrtion of ImuI blanit Terao. 

SteTMMon ilocat not appear to have notioeil that a whole anthoiofry 
Mtcht he oonpiled tnnn Kneii^h pninp, containine exampIeK of 
haoHHlera, lyrical, ami even rbynMnl nM-tre. On tlio line of 
rkyaw «• aiicht <|iiott> the opiniiMi uf an author who certainiy 
ha* a style of hb own, none other than ArtcmiiH Ward. In bin 
•• Vlmii to BriKhain ToanK " he writeii : — 

The winain waa nf ail oiceM and »gp». Sum was pretty 
•Md aMB wan pbnc — onm wan healthy and Hum waH on the 
wajme— which i« ven«^. tlio" nieh wan not my intentions, as I 
dn«t 'prore trf |Hittin' vemo* in Pr»«< rittena, the" if oeeathuii 
r<x)nifeH I can Jeric a Poem ekal to anyof tltem ^f/<in(i> MonUihi 

feller*. 

• • • • 

The aaeoiHeioiM attrartion of rhyme aeema to affect not only 

ttw humorint, but even the drient mnthvinatlcal minds. Dr. 

8«ith in hi» •' 8y»tcm of Opticjt " in evidently so overeome l)y 

the poetry of hb nulijert that be l>un.t« into verse :— " Wheru 

parallel raya oome cootrary ways and fall u|)on opixjsite (iid<«s." 

Meclianini abo aeoaM to innpin- its devut4><>H. Dr. Whewell in 

hb trvatiaeoii that itubjn-t writes :- " Hence no force however 

(treat ran atrrtth a con! howvver flm? into an h(>ri7.out«l line 

which i» alnolut.ly stnii<tht." But the most proline pn>ducor of 

thew* hybrid lyri.-» is Diaravli. The followinK imssajre fnmi his 

•• Almy " Bmst really be written as |x»etry : 

It b tke U-nfler twiliKbt hour, 

mhma naidons, in their loiM*ly bm-er, 

wiicll aofter than the eve. 

The bn^cuid roue her head upraiaea, 

and listens to the uiKbtinKale, 

while bis wild and thrilling praises 

from his tremblini; iMmoni uush ; 

the bnmiid roM? her heail upraisni 

aad liateas with a hliisb. 

In the clear ami r««sy air, 

sparkling with a single star, 

the aharp and spiry cypress tre*- 

riara like a jfloiuny thought 

amid the Bjiw of r»>ve1ry. 

A utalciaK bird, an ndoroUH flower, 

are daairaroas in the tender hour, 

when awidens. in their twiliKht Iwwitr, 

aiith anftcr than tbe eve. 

In Maffinn's " nailery of lllustrions Literary Chara<-ter», 
with PorlralU by DaaM Maelise, R. A. ."originally publishe«l in 
fraarr** Mifntimr, IKtlKW, ami re-pultlisbed in volunHt forui in 
li9S. tkere i« an excellent panidy of DbfaeliV p(M*lical style 
■Haefcad to ht« inrtrait : - 

O reader dear I do prav look here, and you will spy tb<^ 
early hair, and forehead toir, and now ao hiKh, and glaaminff 
eyw, of Benjamin I)'I*-f»«-li, the woodrons boy who wrote 

• * 4 ■■■■! ■• la.  i Ml aM«l MMMMM MM I V tA »Un%A' ittlMt l/MI* aim 



lie drawn aa an example troro Ita obactirity In t 
Frai«»r'» rewiitly publislietl " Pausnnins " : — 

Tlie windows <■( my study look on tlie tn 
ancient eolk>Ke, wliere tlie sundial murks tlic 
the hours anil in the lonj; summer days tlu 
drowsily nmid flowers and crass ; wliere,iis tliv 
df4>|M-n, the li);li(s come out in I lie liln/jin< 
KlirjilM-tlinn hnll, and fnim the chn|><>l the sy 
choir blent with tlie |H>nlinK music <if tlie< 
|M>Mceful nir, telline of mnn's e(crnnl uspir 
and ^imhIiicss nnd immortality. Here, if i 
fmiii tlie tiiiiiiill and liiisde of the world \v 
vnnlti<>^> iind aniliitloiis, the student miiy liop 
voice of truth, to |ienetrate tliroiiKh (lie 
<|uestions of the hour to the realities whicli 
which we fondly ho|ie must abide, as the (P'lv 
tro- 
ll is in |uissni;es such as this, rich, rhythiuicii 
but without a trace of metre, that we find tbi 
of concfNilint; the art. 

« « « ' 

Laat Friday saw Iho flrst numlier of the Sph 
of which the world was pro|inr>><l some tinM» l»of< 
Spnir. The former is certainly more impreaal' 
in externnls. lis six*-, its print, Um pa|>er, nn 
arc sumptuous, and have an iiidividiialKy hIioiiI 
liues meet," we nro told in the " Forewords" i 
ally, "and curves kiss their asymptotes nnd 
grov! real on the iiiflnit« sphere. The very i 
Sfihrrt ill the starry H|mce of j<iurnaliHm should m 

like n watcher of the i 
When some new planet swims into hi 

The artists of the Sphrrr do not illiistriitt 
caresses on the |mrt of curves nnd iisymp 
pictures are varied mid K"od, es|ie«-inlly I 
and they aro not ousted by the photoKmpher. 
too, may Im; comnionded. Then; is n welcomi 
alxiut it, and it da<« not follow the prevailing fn 
]iriM>iiiili<i. We note one little sipn of the til 
limn aro iK'tjinniuK to nssiTt themselves onco m 
iiiK II cdliinin heiulinl " The Wcll-dreaaod Won 
on " The Woll-<lre»so«l Man." One omiaaion w 
prchciisivc contents — there is no corner for i 

th:it will come. 

• • • 

The following, from a letter mlilroasod to 
Wirt (Jermre, demands nttention. The siihjeei 
is the British Museum Lilmiry : 

There nre inniiy IxMiks whicli should Im' in 
the ;lilirnry, but hav<' Ikmmi misse<l, owi 
noKliRence of the ofllciiils or the fiiiliire ol 
comply with the provisions of the Copyright 
wh«'ii I commenced t<i compile a s|ie<'inl 111 
dim'ovei'e<l the omissions of bsiks piililishei 
ago, Hiid rncntione<l in the lists of the pi 
ordinary |H>ri(Mlicals as the Hno!:iirtlrr an 
Oirrii/.ir. Mori' ni-eiitly I have disi-overc 
widely difTerenI siiliJ4>cts *»i-e neither cntnl 
library : coiis<i|ueiitly I am coiivinciil thn 
publishers to s<>nd iMmks is mon- comnion thn 
that the oflicial methoii of cheekiiif; the recei 
inailciiiiali*. 

This is a I'harjte wlijch. If Mr. Wirt (Jerran« <•» 
imrticiilars, obviously calls for a reply. 

• • • 

It is lust as %n>ll that a nlav like A/oncv a 



Kehruiii-v -l 1900.1 



LITERATURE. 



» 



• iiiix'itiii 111(1, III 1h' II 1-ii-ti-i, -ijtr^wrt f^llitM. iSvi, iM) dfwibt. 
Ih< wun. Mix iiiiiiKi wn» KmiiMiy. ('rultl> KhIiIiimiii, whoii li» met 
hliii at Hiiiiiiii*! ItiiinTH', cnlliil hliii " IIh< ilrniiintir |iuft." It«< 
WUH tliK niillior i>r liiiiiiintii-ultli> |ii<Ti>», niiMt of tliiiii (h'mrriHic 
Mncniiliiy'it M'Vcn' Jiiilpiiiiiit, liiit lif wan thoiiKlit ihiihi tlu< wiirw 
III' roi- iiiiikiiiK It living ill tlii" wuy. Ilix rriciiilx nHiiKiiiau-tl lliat 
il wiiH iii-c<inMir.v to hit tlir |>ulilif'H " vi-ry Imtl liwtc " \t « 
l>liiyui'it;lil »uiiti>il III HiiiTtt-il. 80 it unit with Lyttoii mImi, 
i>s|M<i'iiilly ill Moiirij. Tlir Ltiity ■■/ LyviD Mt'iim lo no ■Imiirilly 
ililtiHl mill uiiiH'iil, iiiit il in liy rtti- lh<< iM'tti'r play o( tli<> luo, 
iiIiIioiikIi Mittu-ji Ik bitmsl on u nil-oilier iilvit. If lio Imd buil an 
iiitci|lit;<-iit uii<li<'iii'« to a|i|M')il lo, Lyitoii iiiiglil liavo iitmiiutl n 
riinlly lliu' coiniMly of iiiuiiii«<rM. An Mr. Henry .\rtliiir Joiiiii U>UI 
llii* I'luyKocrx' Club liint HiiiiiUty I'VciiiiiK. lliv qiuility of work tliti 
ilriiiiiatiMl priHlui'l'M iiiiihI <I«|h>iiiI ii|hiii tlic itiiilitiiu-ti iM'forf whom 
lio prtMlurt-y it nild by whom it in jiiil||^<4l. 

» • • • 

Mr. II. A. Joiirn wun, an uniml, rutlifr wrioun in hin ri'iiinrkn 
oil tlu< tlu-ntrt>. For twenty yt'iim, he sniil, wo luiil Imh-ii tulkiiiK 
mill writing alMuil tlio liii|jliNli iliiiiiiii. lln " rvnanceiiire " luin 
iilwiiyH Ikh-ii iiiiiiiiiient, liiil it lia-i never " rennm-tHl." Wluit in 
the reAHon ? Siiii|ily tluil the Uritinli imblie iltRm not tnku the 
(Iriiiiia nvriuunly, or,u.H .Mr. Joiivh put it, tluit they do not reulizi' 
" Iho diHtinetiuil bulwiHJii druiiiittie art aiul |Mi|iiilar nniUKoiiioiit." 
" AiiiUHeiiient " !» not i|iiite thu word., 8ni-ely the |iiiblie ennnot 
Mild much ainiineinent in Thr I'rinmrr u/ Xnnlii and 77ir Si<ji, 0/ Ow 
(Viwi. _ It would iMf iiioM' eorreet to nay that they deiiuind 
enterUiinment or li^lit ii't-ii'iitioii mid do not eare by what iiieaiis 
they t^>t it. It in an if a ivntiiuninl kee|ier, |irii|Hired to niipply 
elalMirate niealn, nhould llnd hin tMiNtoiiii'm linking only for imntry 
mid Amerirmi drinks. The n>nn>«ly in to create K"«l"ally » 
publiu fur an artintii-, iiiti'lliK<>iit drmiia, dealing, an the novel 
deals, with every side of life, bas<<<l iiiion the study of life and 
luannci'ii ; apiioaling, as the novel ap|Msilt, (•> I'dueatiil, i'<>lliied, 
and intollvctual taat^ts. 

»  <■ 

But thoro is onu tliin^^ that playwriKhtM of the nuw school 
must avoid as can^fully as playwrights of the old school, and that 
is diilness. N'o auilieiic(>s in the world will tolenit*.^ plays like 
Mr>. MiixiivU'a Murrimje, Mr. Sydney Ollivier's piece, which 
the Hti>g(> SiH'ioty produced for the llmt (and last) time the other 
day. There is no reason at all why an author should not treat 
of serious subject's, and yet be witty. Dumas Jit* showed how it 
can Iw done ; no did Kmilo Augicr ; so did Octave Keiiillet ; no 
did Mr. I'inero in Th' Sciin.t y[r», rn/i'/urrdi/ and In Thr henrjit 
of thf Dmilit. But the authors who nowadays oflor us serious 
plays, uiicDnvuational plays, plays in which (they proudly ImnihI) 
" there is 110 money," and which are inc:iut only for the cutturtMl 
few, sooni to confuse seriousness with to<tloiisncs.H. II>s«niM iiartly 
to blame. When the mast4«r so clearly lacks hiiiiiour, it is not 
lor the pupils to panide uns4<asonable wit. But wo do not want 
an Ibson school of plnywriglitH. Wo want playwrights with ideas 

of their own. 

  • « 

It is a ho|ioful sign wlu>ii clever vvrit4<rs like " Uoorgo 
I'MiMuing " turn their attiMition to the stage. The C<tHary 
impmvi's u|M>n ac((imintance. " (}eorg»> Fleming," if she would 
take the trouble to study tho art of play-writing, might s«>nie 
day turn out a r<villy good <-om<><ly. Stinly would show her, for 
instance, that a play should not lie oimmuiI by three i>eopU> who 
have a live ininut4>H' dialogue of no intorcat, and then riisappoHr 
and are no more seen ; that a three-act pio<'«> must have nMivo- 
inent ; and that each act should not bo ba.se<l on exactly the 



•!« mAff grmTvlkirf for laofc et antti '— »»»jr m» i 

wlxing U|inn ■ui'OKMful lair* wllli k<i ' ami iMf 

intu p(aya> " Itnl I'ollatfi'," lii», U a aiiHi ^^ atarjr 1 
n<it Dtem to k*iMl l(«>ir (•> •im-Ii iraaUHNrt. Tk* m 
d> 10 ikwMe wkMl Of tlw (WO aww -ttw I 

III mmmlt mI^Mp U dfmMitte i* Ito hi 

wiHtlil ii4«Hi«* OH Mm all 

itn ■•oil ' ' |iMaHriv4 bjr ataci 

all, for llioy an* priiii'iimlly iiieiilal. lluN«lii| . il U iiuli 
wn ■liall hrar a« little of IhU pnijml alt aunllM la 
hour now of tlH< VBriuMM Uramatlv V(>rai<i«H> id " Tha M 
which niiieb wan aaiil at tli« Uaw wIhim Mr. tk>(Mi % 

iMHik wan in It* full liik< u( p»|iularUx. 

• • • • 

Mnt. F. F. Kitzgerultl, wlio tlit<tl iIm- oHmt 4ajr,«ai 
Mrilvron phlloMtphy. Her last ltook,"TlM- Kalional Of 
IilenI uf Morality," wan piiblinhcil iH«rly tiirw> y<«r» ■« 
yearn prt>vioun|y »lie publinhtHl a " i'n>l«i»t agaimt Agf 

and ill IHA'i an " hUnay oil the I'hiUaiupliy of M«<l(-<.'aMa 

• • • • 

Thu (Serman |>upl and ptajrwrigbl, Heroauin von 
JuMt Uifpin tho oiKbtjriMiMintI jroar of bia -*Tfty ewaa 
he e«ine out aa a poet he mn a ptijralefaM Ih tk 
Ma\inilllaii H. of Unvaria. 11 m* in Ibta f 

l»U le«l to a iiH-nUl colla|>w ^ iUhI biai la •• 

Winiietlial. His deimrtun' from It waa, by hia cnm da 
conditiomil u|miii his wiuiiiiig a gaiw* of cbaw. Af 
illiderguiio thin t4-nt with oiicceMi he n>timi lo hia M 
to devoto hirowlf lu lit^'ratiirt*. In 1851 his ttrvl volaai 
with a lauiiatory intrtMliiction liy (ieiliel, waa paUii 
tragitly iMtitiiui still hohU the utAip', bat be la beat 
the iMiwerfiil epic call«>d " Die Vulker«teiiaraa(." 
produced a niiDilier of (liie lyrii-s ; ami not tbe leaat I 
of his writingn an>hindraiuiM of />•< tt'ulkyrtm, ITotaalt 
and (Vyfio, hin " Byiuintinischon Norcllrn," ami 
biography, publisb<Hl a few week* ago, enlitk<« 
LDbcnareiao." 



B00KSELLEE8' BOW. 



The London C'ntinty Counoil'a acbcmaa ct improwa 
ncighlKHirhooil nf the .Strand bava lone waledl tlw CiU^ 
sellers' Kow," pro|M>rly known aa Holywell Rtfvet, bi 
Strand front of the otfending block of ImikUllga ia II 
immediately deatroyol. Aoconliac to tto Uaaal 
minutea thiaportioa of the Strand bapfOvaaaalBWlllb* 
by tbe eod Of Marob— whloh aiaani that tte riM|H 
Strand drooi Newoaatla Straot to St. CleaMit DMe'a 1 
Ins domoliabed, aad paving not down. The* moat fbawina 
in the ncigbboarbood, Mr. Nntt. of 270-271, Stnad, a 
for<> lie the first to go, and tbe aeholara and apaeWiali 
hauntoil his shop for so nauiy yaara will abartly 
cstabliahed in Long Acrt>. 

Mr. NuU'a boaineaa waa fmaadad at No. U8, Ftoi 
in 1830. by the tote Mr. DaTU NaM, who atar«a< 
clerk in tho Hrm of Maaafa. Moberly, the graa 
house of tho <Uy. Mr. Aaher, the Qoariteh of tha 
of tho century, had retationa with Maawa. Mol 
ap|iointc«l Mr.Nutt to take ehaiga of hia LoadhM afa« 
reoommeodatioa. Snbsoqaontly he aatahllahail hiawiilf i 
aa a geoenU importer of foreica U t a mta ra, aad hia 
with the hooao of Moberly led to bis starting a bfaai 



L. 1^ 



no 



LITERATURE. 



[Februa 



•sotarivaly •doeaUoiuil : row it to speebUly dtotin- 
by tlw —B«or ia irkieli it deato with tbo litonttore 
lo totk-iai*, Mr. Attrra Null bsinf one ot the MrllMt 
cntiiMtoaUo weailipn of the Kolk-lorc Society. Such 
tNtbtimUow M Uw Tudor TnuiaUUoiM, wUlod by .Mr. Ilcuioy, 
•rp »l«o wadaiiakmm hj Mm Sm. Tte Iwliwiii. however, luu 
»l»nj I liuiiiMrwIitll.i llii iin|N>rtaliunanddliitribution of forcicn 
lilccmtura of • aeliolarly cluinict«r, noA tiierc Iikm probably uot 
bwa Mi ia^ortaat book of tbe kind p«bli>lMHl within tlio laat 
idsty yoM* or ao tkat Ibo Ira bas iK>t t^tkcn up or boon 
Bonaortod *riUu 

Tbc recent do cia ioo of Um London i tmiii > i ouucil to upend 
a further >uni of £2,472JiOO ia oomplolinR the puri'liimot of pro- 
(wrty needed for the proponed street from the Stroud to Holborn 
will probably hanten the end of Holywell Street. Inquiries made 
MHN« tbe bookaollera tbero, iMiraver, diadoae tbe tact that 
tboy expeet Um> iMildinfa tbenaelrea to ace the present year out 
at bmt In may eaae, ths old-wx>rld thoroufjhfare in sure to be 
wfatoij Bilaanrt. notwitbatanding the uneiiviablo reputation which 
■maa. ■Iimrtl froai its earliest dayti, to have clung to this " narrow 
and iaeoavenient avenoe of ill-faniod bousea," as one historian 
Ina deaeribod iU Chroniclers of London Life have ap|>areutly 
doeaMMl it prudent not to enlarigo upon tbo spot. But Addison, 
Boaavll, Dr. Johnaou, Pepys, Isaak Walton and Dickens— to 
mmikto oulyafcwof the nanH-s which instantly occur to us — were 
all closely ooanectc<l with the history of the district, and their 
fonaa were oooe familiar enough in the thoroughfare now doouicti 
to deatrootion. C'ow|ier alsti must often have iMutsed through 
when reluming to his chambers in Lyon's Inn. It is interestiug 
to noto that the old sign of the Half Moon — evidently a relic o( 
tbe ailk-aicreerB' days, wbea their shop signs hung conspicuously 
in Holywell Street — is still in its position opposite to the 
entrauoe to Lyon's Inn. Tbe name of Holywell is derived from 
Uw Holy Well of St. Clement, which, according to Stow, " is 
always fidl and never wanteth water." Tbe actual site of the 
wbU iMa canaed f^*^'^ ouutrover»y, into which it is beside our 
pvrpoae to eater. In tbe early days tbe tenantry of Holywell 
Street wefe vagnelj described as " divers salesmen and picce- 
brokera," wbile later we are told that silk-mercers became the 
leaaebolders and beld a mart there. As the silk industry waned 
tlw sofinnti hand tMwkscUers crept in and gradually took possession 
of tbe street. Disreputable dealers began to crowd uimo tbe legi- 
timate traders as early as tbe eigbteeoth century, and although 
Lwd Campbell's Act improved matters in this rcspcot, it did not 
eaiiialy pafge tbe atreet of ita eril taint. But it will best be 
leMemlMred aa tbe liappy banting ground of many generations of 
iwok-loven and students, wiMse soooeaaors appear likely to And a 
new quarter established near tbe Cbaring Croaa Koad, whither 
away of tbe erieted dealers arc going. Mcsim. Denny, however, 
have ae eared prcoihKa nearer at hand in the Strand. 



A FOEEIGN VISITOR TO ELIZABETHAN 
EKOLANO.* 



Uenaan trarellers in Kli/^ilM-iImn Hiigland do uot liegin 
aad end with H^ntaner. There are at least Ave or als 
olkcfB, Ina geoprally kn<>wn, porhapa, who have left 
In l waal l ag reeords of what tbey saw la Bttgiand between 
UM and 1808. And now I'rofeaaor Btei, of Baaie, baa dts- 
e eraied yet anolber traTellor to oar nhorea at the end of the 
Bth ^pnlurr. wboae diarr ia eaopciallv Interestinir from its 



d— lli^ with ICngland or tbe Low Countries. 
ItoweTer. PrtifeHsor Bins printed in n small |Mkn 
passagew dewuribing the London pinyhouw's an 
ISW. Tlieae prove to Ite of the highest intt 
with tbe stage of Slu«kc«|MMro's time. Platter 
KngUnd (Sopteniltcr 18 to (X^Uilwr 20, VM 
influential introductions, seems to have ; 
seen everything. Horn are some of his i 
place* ill Hinusemont : — 

On Septemlier '21 [1591)1 at al>out t» . 

hasty m<«l, I wont acrosa the water with 

the House with a thatobed roof hsw tho T 

Km|)er<>r Julius UaBsar very well played by 

At the end of tho play they danced aftor tl 

prettily with cnrh other, ttvo in men's, ni 

riMtnme. 

It is quite |M«utilile that Plattor is hero refe 

Theatre, which was built in 1591) out. of tl 

dismantlcMl playhouse known as the Tlicatri 

prolmbly a tragedy on the same subject as S 

itoman history play. Such a coin|>osition \ 

existod as early aa 1.580, and to have been 

Shakespeare's coraimny. It is most unlikely tc 

spearc's tragedy of Julius Ciusar. 

A notlier t iiiio [ records Plattor J not far from 
stopping in tbc suburba close to the Bishopsg 
nor, I saw a comply. It presented men of all 
an Englishman fought to gain possession ol 
match and more for them all, except for the 
therefore, successful in getting tho girl, t 
her, and drnnk so deeply with his servai 
lx>cnn>e tipsy ; the servant threw his shoe al 
and then they fell asleep. Mejinwhilo the E 
the tent, took tho German's prize from hire 
him. At the end thoy danced prettily, lioti 
and the Irish fashion. Every day at two o 
afternoon there are i)crformed in London 
throe plays at different places, of which the 
acted has the largest number of spectaU 
are so built that the players perform on a ra 
thus the audience can easily see what is | 
on tho ground, is the pbtco where peo| 
who wish to be more comfortable and to 
more. Those who preier to stan<l, pay a 
[picnning] but those who want a seat enb 
and |>ay one denarius. If any one doairea 
in tho boat places whore ho may not only a 
must pay at another door yet another EnglisI 
And it is usual for iteople to eat and drink d 
you can refresh yourself at your pleasure. 

The players wear tbe most costly and 
for it is the custom in England, that when nr 
die, they leave their finest clothes to th 
since it would not be fitting for tbeoi to i 
garments, sell thorn soon afterwarda to the 
anm. 

How pleasant a time may be s|ient eve 
is known to all who have been proaent at the 
We an- unable at tlio moment to identify I hi 
evidently, as Prol^aaor Bins remarks, a vei 
guiltb-Nsof all pretonsioiis to liti'rature. Thoo 
manners and customs of the audience, on the { 



February n, 1900.] 



LITEUATUKK. 



Tha eoDolualon of tb« sxtnusU we luiTvbMn tortaasto caoagb 

to Mw ia toiotiwhut curloua at • tiiiuj when XnglishaMn wore 
luuiiUlng tbolr rt<puUtiou m gnnt trnvollera. 

The Ennlloh [Plattvr d<H'lnn>«) Oncl their nwrMtion In 
thono nncl otlicr lUMtliiiiM ; tlicy li<«rii r ' . . « what i» 

KoiiiK on in other IniKN, uiul they jjo to II ntly. iihmi 

uikI woinoii toKi<tlii<r, for tlir |{rt>uti<r iiiiiiilMr i>i i-.n^imlunen Uo 
not iiiin'h ™r«< lo trnvi<l, liiit |>r«>fi>r to j;niii rirw oxp«rionoo 
1111(1 to tuke th<>lr atnunomtMit at luimo. 

It In xarnctitly to bo HoikhI thnt Prorrawir Biiu ii»y qiilokly print 
dm wholo of tho diary r«>oonlliiK llu< Jonrin>y to Rngland. Tho 
iimniiHorljit U In t\w jihrnry of IIiinIi' L'iiivt'ri.i(y. 



jForcioii Xcttcr. 



FRANCS. 

In Olio of tho enrly numlKirR of Litrniturr niontion was nuwie 
of thti curious e<.lU)ttion of notoi which M. do Mitty, of tho Wwir 
HIiiH'hf, had found amonR tho nmnuacripta of Henri Bcylo 
(Stcmlhal) at tho Gronohlo Library. Tho asiortion of M. do 
Mitty, in his edition of thow notcn, that tho store of rich<«« at 
GronoMo had now been oxhauntotl by him piquod my cnrio«ity to 
«o« for mynolf, nniont; Stondhiil'ii niiinuKcripti. if in r<>nlity no 
ilisc'ovurios wero yi>t to bo niiulo for tho bottor comprohoniiion of an 
author to whom lialxac, M. H(iur(;et, nnd M. Burri-s have fjivuii 
1 iM Imps more than his duo amon^ French writers of the prosont 
lentury. Tho •' iliscovories " to bo made thoro itro nunionxis. 
The historian of French thought cannot afford to noploct tlioao 
immunso folio sheets to which Beylo consigned his impressions of 
travel over a Europe not as yet covered by a network of railways. 
Hore are to b« found tho most precious documents on tho influence 
of English literature up<in Fionuh literature, and whole note- 
books of cxtcactft from Hobl)os, with tliscns.iions of the most 
important passages in tho tract on "Htinian Nature." After care- 
ful examination of those papers 1 venture to say thot with Cabanis 
Hobbes is almost entirely responsible for tho nietho<l of Stendhal. 
Tho latter revels in analysing; tho Englishman's mechanical 
sysU>ni of tho passions. Stendhal finished rooding Uubbes on tho 
;tnl Mesaidor, Year XII. Ho had already pored over a copy of 
*' Shakospoure's lioauties," and an eight-volume e«lition of tho 
"Plays." Ho had read Milton and Pope's " (Myssoy." All 
his life ho love<l English and studie<l English writora. In his 
" M(<moires d'un Touristo "— whiih, by tho way, is, with Cn>sar's 
" Commentaries," the Iwst book with which to travel in France 
ho constantly quotes English words and phrasos. He ia an 
Anglophile before M.Bourgot. Tho author of tho "CosmopoliUn 
Spirit in Literature " would lind in farts of this sort matter for 
an entire chapter. It has l)««>n said that l)eforo Voltaire went to 
England ho was not Voltaire. Xo less easy woidd it bo to show 
that before Beyle had read Hobbes ho was not Stendhal. 

With these documents before us it is not so difficult to 
iinravel the texture of Stendhal's mind. There ia rich and 
humorous suggestion in tho following wor<ls inscribed on the 
fly-loaf of a journal of his trip of 1838 to lionleaux, the South of 
Franco, and CJenova. Ho had hail sad oxperionoea with oHicious 
gendarmes in Italy ; more than onco his papers were seised, for 
ho was a num whoso appearance not infrcijuently exposed him to 
suspicion as a spy. On ono of tho .lournnls ho takes tho precau- 
tion Ut put the police in good humour, and hero ia his doric*:— 
Messieurs do la Police 
I^i rien do la politique. 



nnm mhrnn all 



^y '4 wtiMl I 



instMtl of dwnlli 
It is opportune, ( 
fresh jicoof r • • 
t|iMrian, it 
MawM to h 

fftilOMlOeo: 

na hi* eurinua roUKb akvUl 

He waa alwaya paam I «>f tJ» 

form. Hia iile* waa " to arek in s<Knety aa It esiaU %i 
quote throughout from uiipublishMl UMKuaoritiU--" 
which still rtroain to be eomhatMl, ami toarranjr* than 
to the greater <>r loaa (b|p«e nf harm lh«y can fnAmt 
M be Miya, In Koing up ami ilnwn the Taria straele, I 
oyweaiilitenranean Paris," si>nw |»«ti<>na of whUk, 
raflMeiit^wMr, •• he will U able t» kH at ami tn Mad 
not ia thia ooMbloo<kMl and Mechentoal way thai pv 
ia produced. To be the i;r«at writer of pUye wUeb 
Beyle wiahe<l t4> be ha w.iuld have done well to stop i 
Hobbee and Cebania ami to give hia days and ni||Ma to 
of Molitre, or eren to read Ka((nanl inataed tA Milfa 
soon found out. the only form in which he wee c 
co-ortlinatinf; hia ofaeanrMioiw of bmr and woums 
somewhat ahapelaaa one to which ho has attached hi 
the Ckarirrtim dt Parmr. But, meanwhile, he fell I 
spell of Unmlrl, ami an incident in hi* own life, tl 
flight, well known to IVylists, from Crenoble to Ma 
follow an actroaa with whom he waa in love, ra^i 0| 
later on to assimilate in hia imai;itiatioti hia own poi 
with theesperienoe of the northrm prince, who, Ifte hii 
ironic by temper, and who. like himself, loved » 
divine philosophy but a channiiif; and helpleea girl. I 
what tho curious mixture of theae youthful eaoap 
a habit of mind induced by pemaul of HoMms an 
reaulted in. 

The pcrsonagea in tlie new HamM wbieb be sm 
write wore as follows :~Airred, King of DooBerk ; Ba 
of Alfred, nephew of Clauilius ; K«i;anoe, tho aollMr o( 
tho widow of Alfroft, the wife of Claodiua ; Ophelia, the 
of Clawlius ; and Casimir, the general of the army of 
If there had ever been a playbill of this new llawtM, th 
it would have home :— 

Alfred, a great prince ami a treet law-giTW, nig 
Denmark. He ' ... . „( „„|o«i,^ |)|,||g 

some of tho bvii' of mora aoutlMn 

He l>egan some <>i i 1 1st thejieoBle 1 

that he contemplated intrt>daeiaf olheii. He tana d 
U|Kin hinis>.|f the hntrwl nf tht> JUifIc nakUmi end of tl 
Now Alirwl lutil « l<n>ther. CUiuliua by naae, a Isanl, i 
man, who Imd distinguished himself in iko wars i 
toign of his father Christian. Hn oould aot farooh b 
bv the prudent Alfroil without aaTthil^ to do. 
dis.v>nti>iit of the nohlee gave Uai Uie idea of ilrthr 
King, his brother, and of takins hia place. He n 
staiHlard of revolt, and fonrnMl an army. Alfrod 
a^inst him and boat him in battle, but afterwanb 
him. Claudiua perfldiooaly acca|>«ad the pardon, I 
wise atmndoned hw achame. Bidii^ kia time bo ape 
at his brother'a Court. 

Meanwhile Alfred won orvr manr of the ne b lae an 
Clsudiua behehi tho party of the diamtantad diariaial 
liiially reoognitad that a riaioK wouM b* iavOMiUi 
do<'iile«l to wreak hia t a i i M ee in o bgr aabjafntioa el tt 
by the poisoning of the King, by fottfaf UaMalf a 
guanlian of the young Hamlet, liy i, uwniiMJag Heaatet 
and bf then aacendiiig the throne hhaaelf. He waa a t 
man. in the flower of nia age. He naauwd kb 



US 



LITERATI RE. 



[Februa 




; Bqric hmiM lua plar- Hi* intmtioM 
Utam ia ilatMbwl v*pf, but on 

.i»..»„| M nttmlwr SB in Tonw X \ ' < > l« 

it bMU« on Um Ant |ai(a the wonlc,  li«Kun 
tiMSiUi i>ru'<ui<r», jr«*r U.uid alwixloiMa tho Ibth FriiuAire, 
ymt II." Un Um ravMM o( Um covar i» Um (ollowiug :— 
'• CVimM. buwwr«r hkiilMi Ui«y nwy b», m« ■oouor or latsr 
<Imcot««iI utd pOBMlwd," mmI Uii* :— " Kvar>-U>inK ohoultl 
TmM to duty. y««, •rw love." On pag* I we have U»e tiUe :— 
'• UtmlH : Tragadj in fi Acta, and in veno." A myaterioua 
tion in U»e uj>|>fr l«(t-hand ooruar reatU :— " Ahandonetl 
laUi t'Tiniaiiv until I »hall have acquired etrength enough to 
IM17 Hiffrmmtdn." Thia, Beyle evidently thought, would 
ivmain unintalligiblv to hia futuro biographer, •«> ho haa addoil, 
in a UUr hand U»an that of the Uxt, but in the aanie aa that of 
Um firat a>in<>t«tion, " I foutxl the aituation of the fifth act on 
Um lOth and llUi Krinwire in tho evening. 1 read in La Uarpe 
that it waa ia Ufptrmmetir*." And he goea on :- " I ninan to 
dapiei in Um tragedy o( HawtlH the oppoaition >x<twe«n filial love 
and lova." Now in St-ptomber 1802, at the ago of nineteen, 
according to Colonib— in hia famous biographical notice of hia 
friand— Beyle ratuiiMd to Oreoohle after hia miliUry aanrice in 
Italy :- 

La roici (aaya Colomb, apeaking of this pcriotl], lui dont 

lea idtfea et lea aentiuK-nU avaient tfprouv^ de si notables 

modifications ilana aa rie aventorenae i Paris ot i-n Italie. an 

aein d'unc famille •|ni eat rest^ abeolumrat ce qu'ellc etait au 

moment oil il a <iiiitt<< le toit jmtemel. Coat un jeune ^tourtli, 

aoldat pnr lea formea, liberUn par la penaee, <]ui veut reformer 

radicalament dea gana vious, raapecUiit, 4 pen de ohoae i>ria, 

tout ce qii'il mtfpriaa, ot ayant on horreur tout ce qui fait 

I'ob^et d« ai-a {iri<<lilectiona. 

Bat «« must not forget the epiaode of Uie Grenoble actraaa, 

which, if we may believe Colomb, took place in 1806, three yeara 

later. Heyle'a own deacription of hia HamM ia moat auggeativo : 

—H'imlH, jrtiitr, Hh plut grand rountgt H de In pint noliU 

/rtviUte. II a faU In guerre *»iu um pfrr ; il a 22 atu. 

Jfyirdums$U amowtij! d'OfJtelir, poMriuiri {Mir le upecirc de tm pirt. 

Hon wo hare B«y1e painted by hiinaclf, and I cannot but recall 

aooMwhat ironically, in prerence of this diacrcpancy of dates, 

SlMidhara remark, in the " M^moircs," whtre, referring to the 

poopie of Daophiny, he ap^dca of their " conipleto itiai>titudo for 

hypocrisy," adding, U est afrsodtMeni rontre la nature de* 

Duti/MiuHt d'iirt dupe. 

Hut Beyle do«s not want the persons into whose hands hia 
■MMiwirifti nay fall " to bo duped," ao he takea no eml of 
Iraoblo to clear up thia whole bnsineaa of the //>■ mirt inanuacript, 
fearing parhapa alao that hia a<Iniiror« may discover one day thnt 
ho ia waaUng in poraereranco, that ho ia brimming o^-er with 
idoaa, bat that ho never ftniabea thingx. So we find him 
oxpiaining onoo mora— on anolhor sheet of paper, inserted in Uiis 
ipt of tho play which, in his youthful artlour, ho thought 
to faring him fame — why the inanuacript waa ne»er 
Hia oxplanationa, aa will be aeen, aerve only to 
cMTjr h§« fniihar and f ortbor into the tonglo of embarraaaing 
wboiaaioaa. Ho aaya :— 

I give np thia aubiect, whi< ' ibin of furnishiii;; 

OM of the Snaot tragedtaa of the 1 >Ke 



» Bodaslaa II., King of Poland and tyrai 
sir  '■ tragedy. It wan my plnn to rondo 
il liriii).' her out. but very little. V 

her in uii- iifUi act. 1 aiu reading Altieri. wil 

Elaaawl. I have reaal flement'a " l^ttiea 
ave apiM-ared to iiie full of sense. 

Really, self-consciousness is the mother 1 
deception, aa well aa of vnnity. Stendhal ixhukm 
in which most of us spend some of ourb(Sty< 
futile and, as I think, uncritical, to ridici 
attitudes which theae notos reveal. For tli 
craft the individual confoaaions aa to tho way 
are worth aa much aa the finiahud ])roduct. Aa 
saya, " the thing about which mon talk and 
aeUva." 

FICTION. 




Ibr 
hoao. 
U\ 
1 



Hut it is not 

that I qoTt thoo, oh, my <■<«■ liomUl, at loMt so I 

I ahaiKkin it booawe tho aituation of the filtli act ia in 



■fciii 



i«<rr, sihI I do not wish to start mv lareer with a copy. 
ia this play the rhara'l<rr of IVidoalas (ttwi name be firat 
lor t'lauiliuaj. an nmtiUuuj jmrfnU, to be developed 
a aaperh esptwition ami one altogi-Uier natoral, tho 

 ■■i«iii tJ nhivalrv t<i I ji wnrkMi rait : liitv in thO hiaasts 



Mr. William Locke writes ao weir tlmt 
regretting whili- wo rend his new novel TiiK V 
Gs.) that he doi-s not write (tetter still, li 
al*ovu the ttVomg«» work, but it just inissc 
sooinstous, lieing tlrst rate. Ho lia.s tho seoini 
ho has the capncity for emotion, but he is th< 
plot, lM>ing n mccliaiiically pIaniiP«l-out thing, 1 
thing. iiuvitttUly lands the. writer in in<lo«lrii 
tiine-<liNlionoured untnitliH. Frank Leronx, tin 
woman alr»-a<ly<lra<l when the story liegins, nii 
acciileiil ; nml I lie long arm of coiucitlence dep 
fever, beneath thereof of the injure<l widow.- 
Ignorant of hia Injury. Sylvcator Lanyon, the v 
the dying man, and the dying man l)egin8 to bal 
sin ; " Con»tanc<», Constnnco ! " he cries, " Cor 
but to make aasnronce sure, and l>eranso th 
Oomitances, ho adila impressively in italics ' 
Lmow." We submit that this is not well- 
realizetl ; it is simply liftol from that gro; 
worn devices, and it is doubtful whether 
how«'ver well done, should 1)0 admissible in ai 
masters have a<linitted it ; Flaul»ert has dra 
struggles of Matlamo Bovary. Tolstoi haa giv 
protracte«l dying of Ivan Ilyitch. But a»v 
the aituation ia one strenuously to avoid, Mr. 1 
forces na to aaalat at not one, but two deeth-l 
is as unconvincing aa the first. On the 
nothing but praise to give to his able chart 
Uie nllilude of the Lanyons, father and aoi 
singularly beautiful and touching. The reat 
at least, the emotion baa been genuinely felt 



Mr. Cheater Bailey Fernahra engroai 

ami Uie Cherub, and tho pleasant conudy 

Tlie MiHnilujhl Blouom, have aroused curioi 

tales of which example* are given in C 

(Heinenmnn, Os.). The admirers of Mr. Fen 

Im. iliHniipointed In his tales of CliiiK-tw' 

UKMlinivl by its environment In an Anierii 

amiiHing and arresting. Tho kwnly oIwmtvoI 

and customs, the vices and the virtnim, th 

i4 this exotic people, who. with trailiticins hi 

from the immemorial past, pitch their t4 

corner of tho new world, make a delight 

Kernnid writ*-* the rather annoying Chinese 

One is incline*! to say with a ihanu-ter 
I •»... _ t .... I. .1:.. 



February 3, 1900.] 



LITKRATUHK. 



It U woll wnrth rptuWng for the chnrMtan oT tlw two Oalmm iiimI 
lU BiliiiiriiliUi pictiiriw of life ill Italy. 

A I'MAZV MoMKsr. liy HiimiIi TjIIi'p (Dlntiy, I-.m-'. fi«.). U a 
pleaMiiit. r»'iiil«l>l<' '«l4iry «<ii<>ii|{h, in «i>il<' <'f 
Impri>lml.ilili«"<. Il Involviw rliiltl-xti'iilinn l>y u  
wnlimii, iihil u xiiiidi'ii cxiMwiiro of llio fritml nt n !■ v 

»wkwaiil iii.iini'iit ri>r llio rliilil. Mitx Tyll«'r il.»>« i 

Ovt<r I Il ill iimlfriial iiiKtimt Df nilul liwlimt «'illui-. >Mu ii 

the r.iil MiDtlH-r itiid llio iliil<l »n' thrown toiplliir. in iKiM>rnii<M< 
of tlioir r«>ii»lioiiHlii|i, hIik iimlti'x tlicni riitliiT <li»lil<i' "lii- iinntluT 
— an oritfiiiul, ninl pnilmhiy iiirrfft. viirinlion fniin tlic iitiial 

lWii"B. _____________ 

Covrcsponbcnce. 

—  — 

AGAIN ON "THB HOOLIGAN." 

TO THE EUITOK. 
Sir,- May I l><' iili<>w<'<l to imiiit out rcrtiiin iTrorH In Mr. 
HrilMTt I'lvnl'M iirticio of liiHt »t>«'k whirli n nioro U>i»iir«ly 
ronilinK of my |m|M>r woiilil linv«> )>niilil«<<l liiiii to uvoiil T 

(1) Ho iioouwH mo of Hiiyinji that tliori- «r«> now no rrltlcw. 
Wlint I nay is, wliilo cfiiiMiiloriiiK tho liiKln<«t kimi ot critioliim- - 
tliiit of tin* Hi'lioliir who ixistti'HjtoH tho triio oriticnl faculty- that 
tlioi-o iH " i-oiii|)iirat.ivoly littlo " at tlio pr«M>nt ilay. " LIttIo " 
in not, (piito, I miliniil, tho miim< tU'mis bm " none." 

(2) llo nays that I woiiUI put rritii-imn into tho haiuU ol" tlw 
lllitornto.' But my wirtlM ani " Ho "- tlic i-rillo — " muat \m> 
a scholar." 

(:i) I <Jo not tliink, nor havo I HiiicI, Mint " it in impoMiiblo 
for n writer of iiiinKinntion to Ik> n oritic." 1 Hay that tbv 
iiiuiKinativo and tho criticBl fat-ulty nro distinct ; I admit that 
tlioy Bn< MonictiiiM'H found in tho itawo p<>rtion, and I quote from a 
distiiiKnishcd novolist who in also a critic. And thcTo in nothing 
whHt<iv»>r in my viow to exclude (tootlio or any other man who 
IH.sscHscs lioth the Iniajfinativc and tho critical faculty. 

(4) I do not say that criticism should lie " all praise." What 
I do say, s|M'akiiiff of tho true critic, is this :--" Ho applies his 
canons of criticism without mercy, but without bias." Is this to 
want nothiii); but praise ? 

(.")) I did not accuse Mr. Buchnnniiof jealousy. My remarks 
on jcjiloiisy were p-ncnil and sixikcii of all tho professions. 

(11) As rejfiinls Mr. Buchanan's view, 1 have d<me just what 
Mr. Herbert Paul wants. That is, I have ackiiowloilKed his rijcht 
to hold his own views and to stato them. My wonis are : — " Ho 
has his views and has stated them. Wry well. I havo luiue aixl 
1 pro|)ose to state them." 

Tlial Mr. Buchanan should stoop to call Mr. |{ud}-ard Kipling 

a " H(x>limiu " is, to mo, at least, deploralilo and worthy «rf 

bciuK com|uirc<l with the abuse of a flsh-wife. Tho lanifuafie is 

stront;. Is it too strong f A Hooligan is a rowdy, a bullyi • 

irulUan, n thief, niul tho oiieiuy of all law and ortler. If Mr. Paul 

[thinks my luuguaKO too strong, ho will, at least, allow me to 

[hold my own view. 

Mr. Paul adduces instances in which lawyers havo criticized 
leach other. Why not ? They do not, howT>ver, call each other 
Hooligan," or any other offensive names. And this makaa all 
, tho (lilieroiice. 

Ho cniinot liiul any of tho contempt for letters of which I 

lB|H<ak. This is very surprising. I am sure that Mr. Paul has 

[read as much of the eighteenth-century litontturo as I havo 

fuiysoU, and that if he will think a littlo he will acknowledge 

tlie oxisteucc of tliis contempt and of the " sjivagery of attack." 

\f ,!• .Awii iw^iiit iiiuit*!. fiskiii tlin .itjit^inw.tit fif u-linfc I ivinfH>iva 



•• Oil I •• 
bMtr- b iMK-do yoa Udrt— fwl U vtm mmtAt B«i 
yon faMir." ThMW la. I IwUwr*, • Im|V» •<'i»l •( lMi*> 
hold, with that pbil«M>|thor. tlw «l«w ikM mami ht i i 
" xMiiMl.  WALTKB BmUK 

llaiiiinttsti, JauMMT 30. 

••THE MOORISH EMPIRB." 

TO THi KnrroK. 

Hir. Your n r i tfwar haa m i ii l w il me swh •rrri 
imliiting oat mm» dt tks amy «rrani UMiniMabln In tl 
edition of w> detoiM • enMpaaltkm ■• my " Mnortaii Km 
-««|M<4'lally wbm pradoetid aingt^hMidtHl -that I womM 
exiNii-rate niyself in one or two partleohun. My imMUm 
not ventunti to " prophnqr kutbnnkip" wlUi l M p« rt to^ 
works on Morocco, for all wer«« enoipM* wImm tlw iMrt \ 
prt>Mi to lie puhllsheU flnit, and the othm mo mow to Ike 
For the alMcncc of a iablo of conlonts tkpy Uko rosyood 
an I preisired one for them. 

A mom im|>oHant point Is niy nao of Mllvo MHJwrIt 
should have thought itiat all poMlble ■iauMei|Mlna wa«l 
ls<«'ii pre<'lnde«l by the expression of IMMMhMMS to t% 
trnnslntors (p. xir.), and the twoMewrlno of Uw a<Haol n 
referred to (p. 440, n. H »tq.),tnm wkiok It «ill bi 
to pn-cisely which author* I rfAvfod In AraMo.MMl to W 
tniiislntion. My use of tranatotlona wkofv tkoy psi*i«<d ' 
two niiMUm : lieeniim. it *«t>uld hart* he«^ ImpoaalMo !■ 
niid tiim- to read them all in the original (tbnogh I alwoy* 
up IIh< Arabic wbeu in doubt), and bi<nia>» it woold hoi 
in vain to refer to tho Utter the geiM>ral nwdur.tor whooi, 
than for the Urieutal •chobu' (seo p. xiv.), WJ work io tal 
Bornm^Ml quotationa oio SMrked a|NMf ■o.ond.oo {^-^ 
;V1, fl8, &Q.), and tho nMMM of Di>ay and Uayancoa are 
wlu>n facts are taken from then at Mecond-haml. iaa t i 
not clsiiu that Moroooo Arabic Is " »»ry pure," bat Uh 
IHirer than is gOBetnUy supimmhI. I haro 
repriNluie the MorOOOOB prunumiatioo. bot io 
IMiints where I could not ho|M> for tko |Mblie to ioUow mm, 
gtnH< Hgainnt my owu iucliuation 
your revii'wer. 

Youn faithfully. 



no Inn Uan af^nii I 



BL'DGeTT MBAKI 



Kl Manur, llanipateod. 
' TENNYSON 



ANNUA 



AND THB OLD 

TO Till EDITOR. 

8ir,— Hun>iy there ia aoao eonfaaion in Mr, 
pleasant p*|ier in but wook'a ttlrrolon. Mr, 
Tennyson two poena in *' Death's Dningo " of lOB. 
as Dngley, the editor, waa most proliobly at 
Tennyson, " what more prohoblo thoi 
iiivite<l him to bo OM of tko oontrlbntonr" 

But in IKM TOnoyaoB wim only a i ifl i 
matriculate at Trinity till Febniory ». lOB. M« 
Tcnn>T»»irs life of his father, which is rery full of detail «| 
early po<4n«, makes mi mention of ony pnblicotion earth 
" Poems by Twin Brothers " ; and hod tlio yooag TpnnyMI 
still at Itome, contrived to got printed in an AannnI, Itat* 
almost certainly have l>een ««ioie rreord aaMOK tko 
letter*. As to the internal evidence of •trie, that is. In  
bnt trilling. •* Poema by Two Beotlx--^ " «re in a do«« 
all imitative, witfc eekOM of Be . Byroo. aari 



IdM K 



114 



LITERATimR 



f Kebri 



AUTHORS THEIR OWN PRINTERS AND 
PUBl \'S. 

It' 11! 

Sir,— In JUlrratvr* oT Janoau-y 13. paco <5, j-ou rofor to the 
Aiily Nrw$ t MpB c i U nc a Mr. Hmry Duaiaii, »>f L.vmlii(d<>ii, 
HainpiJiirp,«ko boMlrtl tliat bo wan tiM> only writer of vcnto who 
erer *ei it np in tj-pc, prIntMt, bound, ami publiidird the boolc 

it in wNoewbat ninimlar tiMt the same poonty Nhntiltl nimi 
hare pnnlurt^ a writer who eoiilil aim make the mine iMwi-it 
raaardiac pr^m. In 1845— tuvnty-fhree yearn previouH t«> Mr. 
I>MMa*B Hhirt— a Mr. I^ C. Lonlan. of ItooiHey, printed and 
pnl>liahe<l a work by himneir, which he entitlnl ax followa :— 
"The rnwritlen Book; Colkiqnirs dcsnltor)-, but chiefly uimn 
poetry and pocta, etc" 

In hia dolication to Profeswor Wilmn (Christopher Xortli). 
the author states, •• I have l»<>en iiiiaidetl by a line of manuHoript 
or oUier e<ipy ;" also, "The oomiKwing stick baa boon my aole 
■wdMnioal iniiile to compoKilion." 

In reviewing this book the AUmueum nya, "A book printe<I 
Unit wwa never written— a miracle, if the rMder will thus 
it." The book also receivetl very favourable notice 

1 Woidswortb, Carlj-le, Dickens, Tennyson, and many other 
lit«rary oelebritiea. I am. Sir, yonrs fnithfully 

CaataiMtn>et. Soothampton. ALBU1{T H. DAMS. 



THE SWORD AND THE PEN. 

lO THE EDITOR. 
Rir,— In a newly-publishnl book which aims at bein(( 
OfmeaUr, I Bud the remark, " The sword unflts the hand for the 
pen." Thi» is ao utterly aKainst the teaching of history that it is 
> wortli while diMciutsini; as n th<~ii«i, but it is intcrestlni; to 
*W •■pecially does Xhv history of S|Hinish litemtiire 
mattwUct ao raah an assertion. By Koi"K 'o the very highest 
■■■na W9 Ind that Cerrantes, Lope do Vegn. and Caltleron were 
all three aoldieni of many flchts, hnr(lene<l c-nni|iai(^iera who knew 
how to d«al woomU. Qneve<lo, whose short siRht was a bar to 
hi* following the prafcMUon of amw, was, notwithstondinfr, one of 
the nKwt cx|iert fencers of his time, and M<eme<l to be happirat 
wt»en niditinic. In the caae of Krellln he t«>lls us himself tluit his 
Jntufana was oonpoaed at Uaxw with Us cwonl in hand, at times 
with his pen (lomtando of i« ttpada, ora In j4vnui), and that 
parts wrre written in circamstanccs of the fm-atest danger and 
difltenlty. Whatever the alnolut« worth of Ar>iucatui may l>e. it 
Is at least Spain's greatest epic. (\iniinK to our own e<-iitnry w«> 
And that Bspronceda is banished for turbulence, and lllls in his 
thae bjr lighting in the eaoaa of what he considered Lilterty in 
the atriMpdcB at IKIO. making himself a noted flgure on the I^ris 
barrieades. Bat other nanwa aaggest themselves in Bu<>b 
a h n nii a n ce that it w^tuld he too long a task to write them. The 
food of so-called patriotic verse with which Knglinh |Mi|H>rs are 
at pnaent flllod can lure no bearing on tho snl>j4fcl, lM>ing 
wrhten (or the Moat part bj thoae to wlioae bamls sword and pen 
■ra eqnal otranicera. I hare, &c., 

AHTHl'K MAQLAKIE. 



Hutbors anb publishers. 



ttte bi<ginning of ycbruary brings no lireak in the cloud 
«Weh has ownfcadotsad the bi»k trade .loring tho past few 



beaieged <•• . . that 

to (jet nic»>H)Hj<>s til his runnent 

capture<l, and his nu .„. . he nup|H)m>n, i 
Fr<>toria pn^sa. It seems puHsiblo that som 
nmy share a similar fate. 



lAst week wo announced a forthcoa 
Mr. John M. l{ob<>rtKnn, of the third Bi 
" Chamcteristit-s." \S'o now henr th 
Stuinenschein, and Co. Imve in nclive proimi 
hitherto unpublislKHl work liy (he gi-out J 
collection of his L,i>l tors. The tn-iitiso ii 
sophicnl l{«>ginien." It deals mainly witli e 
is of considerable length. Its inspinitiun i 
almost exclusively from (jri'»'k and L/itin wr 
Kpictetus and Marcus Aurelius, iHtth of whi 
The L«>lters. which are chiefly pliiloKophiciil 
and liiive Uvn collecttnl with niuoli lal>oui 
volume. Professor Unnd, of JInrviird L'nivc- 
lengthy |M-rio<l, and trent consitlenihly of 
Prof(>Msor Itand is adding u life to (he lMK>k, 
make a volume of about five hundrtxl pages. 

Besides Mr. Spielmann'8lKM>k which wo i 
there is another forthcoming Ixtok on lius 
Meynell's volume in Messrs. Bhickwood's 
English Writers." Kuskin, ns well ns |{o» 
Patinoro, «iis among the enlUusinslio ndmii 
Mrs. Meyncll, or mtlier of Miss Alice 
Meynell was when she pulilishetl her voliuneol 
went the length of di^scriliing one of the 
heavenly." Mrs. Meynell's pn>mised Issili 
to l)o mainly critical. It might Ik> supposed 
much in tho abuu<lnnt rhetoric of one of 
writers to offend her somewhat too fastid 
sincerity and purity and elevation of all Ii 
but appeal strongly to her tnste. Kuskin was 
tlint has since grown up to \h.' that dr<>»<lfu 
nell's creed — a suburb ; but never surely \v«i 
than his, or more wholly devoted to tlii 
giKsl re|Nirt. 

What are the prospects of a cheap 
own view's altout cheap etiitions of his bo< 
Ixioks generally and tho proportion of a ei 
ought to l»e devote<l to Ijook buying are 1 
particularly eniplinsized in tlint <irii> of his I 
by the published tables to have Uhmi liy 
circulated of them all. Still, it is not to li 
Allen will feel tint inliiliition these views i 
liim to |M>r|>ctuity, or evi>n until t!ie expiniti 
Mr. Allen, it must lie gratolully rememlier 
giving us a cheaper, if not yet quite a cheap 
the works, In a very pleasant and satisfactoi^ 

The 8Ist anniversary of Itnskin's birth < 
a mivtiug next Thurstlay at St. Martin 
Kre<leric Harris<in will preside, and tho 1< 
give an address on liuskin's lift; and work. 
he Is to suggest tho formation of a " Itnsl, 
may be had from Mr. Mark II. Judge,?, Pall 



Perhaps the most intertxtting items in 
new list of annonnccmentw am tho addition) 



Febrimry 3, 1900.] 



LITEIIATURE. 



tlnnM III two TolnniM In tho ohMp nnlfnrm edition of Mr. 

Kipliiifc'M proto WDrlM. 

MiuiiiIllHirH ni'W " Lllirnry of KiitrlNh C\n»»\en " ban made* 
It ({0<kI stiirl with Ita two llml voliiinOM. Tlioy will hn fnllowiMl 
iii<\( wi'<>l( )>>' Miilor>''H " Morto D'Arlluir," ill two vnlnnicM. 
'I'lii> tw<-iit.v-llvi< voliiiiii<«i to \m iniiiKMl in ilii> foiimo of I ho year— 
lit, till* rntx of iilioiit two n nioiilli will ini'liiilf n Ii«H«-«ll iti 
ilii-cK voliiiiK'N, Loflchnrt'N Kcott in llvn volnimw, nml 
Slii'lloirN vci'Hiim of " IVni ynixot«< " In thrw. MriwrM. 
MnrinllliiM iiro iiIhii nlxnil to itmio the now wcll-kiKnvn 
Kvi'i-Nify Sliiil«>M|H-iin* in n iii'W form, itriNliicinic I'lirh play 
ill II Hi-|mrtil«< NhiltiiiK voliiiiio. Till) t<>\t will Im> the snino iih in 
tliK Kvi^mloy oilition ' Imihc'iI upon tlii< I'nmliriilKti nml OIoIm* 
Slial>i'H|H.>nrcs, tlioiiKh without following citha-r implicitly. 
I'mrt'Ksor Hci-ronl'ii iiitrixlnctioim niiil fiMitnott-H will Im> incliuliHl, 
un<l thi> Hniiir onlcr fnilowfil. Aiiothi>r DickoUN nov<>l Im to Imi 
ailili'd to till' thrt'<--iiiiil-six|M'iiiiy lilirnry in " Littlo Dorrlt," 
witli forty i I lust rations by " I'hiz," niitl an introiliiftion l>y 
Cliarli's Dicki'iis tlu> younger. Of m>w novels tlii-rt' will Im< " Thi< 
UjiIm's ill tho BumIi," by " Kolf ikililn-wixKl," ami " The t'nmbrie 
.Maslc," by Mr. I{. W. t'hninlH-rM, who, iiy the wny, is iHsniiiK 
iinothor now story with Mi>Msrs. llariHT. 

Aiming nth)-r iMHilis to Im> piililiHht><l by MtvtMnt. Mnnuillon 
ar<' Dr. Harnlil Holl'ilinK')! " Hintory of .VIiHiorn l'hilow>phy : A 
Sketch of the History of Philowiphy froni tlio Clowt of tho 
Konaissiuu'o to Our Own Dny," tniiislattHl from tho (.ii'riimn l»y 
U. K. Moyor (in two volumes) ; Mr. .1. K. Tiitin's roneonlniiro 
to Kit/lJerahl's " Omar Khayyiliu " ; Mr. J. W. Clark's " OUl 
Krieiids at C'nmbriilije and Klsewhor<> " some (mrticulars of 
which we Jjnve a fortnijjht apt ; an al)rid){eil iMlition of Mr. 
Parkin's " Life of K«lwartl Thrill^ " ; n student's b<H>k by tho 
late Archbishop B<'iison on " The Apocalypse," dcscri)H-d ns an 
introductory stiiily of the Hevolntion of St. .lohn the Divine, niui 
edited by Miss Margaret Ben.son ; and a collected e<lit!on of tliu 
vei-s<> of T. K. Brown, the Manx poet, with a profnco by Mr. 
W. K. Henley. 

" Innermost Asia," which Mr. Hcincmnnn is to publish 
shortly, is by Mr. K. P. Cobliold who, in sonrch of sport, has 
trnvollptl through Kashgnrin and the Pamirs, the hitherto unknown 
Kh.nnntes of the Upper Oxus, anil l»et>n arrested by the Kussian 
commnmler at Shiprhuan. His book " Innermost Asia" descrilies 
the country and its mineral wealth, and the political situation on 
I lie Upp«>r Oxus. 

.\ similar liook comes from Messi-s. Pearson, " Siberia 
and Central Asia," by Mr. John W. Bookwalter, lieinjj n record 
of his travels in tliesi> rt'Ki""'* '""t .vear, and containin(( a full 
account of Kussian enterprise in tho Trnns-Siborian and Trans- 
Caspian Railways. 

M«>ssrs. Harper and Brothers have Just published their first 
iKHiks of the season in " Tlieir Silver Wc-ddinft .lourney," by 
W. D. How(<IIs — a story of Eun)|)e revisited after a married life 
of twenty-live years — and " With Sword and Crucifix," by Mr. 
K. S. \'an Zile, a story of Do La Salle's last voynfte on tho 
Mississippi. They arc following these with Mr. Stephen Crane's 
new lKM)k, " Tho Monster, and Other Stories," a new departure 
on the part of its author, as is also Mr. II. O. Wells' "Love 
and Mr. L>>wishani," which is to api>i>nr at tho end of tho month, 
a love story with tho scientillc element ontin'ly alMcnt. Some- 
what later in tho year Messrs. Harix'rs will publish Mr. 
-Vrchibald Colquhoun's two Isioks on the Far East, " Overland 
to China " and " Tho Russian Bortlorlands," particulars of 

wlll.tll \t-.\I.n rvlVm, It, 7.l*/.>rfll,f ..« ur^tim tin..^ .tmx ^li..nn *«>ill «1a«^ 



Mr*. L0V«M Ctavroa'a " A nt«<>itlt MaMw " : m4 Mm 
erlao H. Macqnoid'a " Tlw s t^>U." Ur. LarngT* 

now hnoka inelnilMi thn anr ■. nt Omrgn nana, 

I.a<it of Ihn CllmbinK IViyi." •• Im 

is <iiw< of the l>oys who «• >pal 

twmty or < ' I l«rcfurd. in  

prOAMMI. ri' ilMMwho"!! 

U> fr. ' M«b 

down "'W'' 

4'oiniii^ \\i>rh*4 I*, iMiiiiP'ii I iM< t*iri '.' 1 1 II r«-.-t iii Oil 
volume of sloriixi anil <iketehe« by Mr. Vjiiptr Tnrnrr, ki 
the author of numerous skits in i«itni< •■< IIm< leailini; was) 
the prominent novelitl* of the dar. AiiMifiK Mr. I4MI| 
fiction will liu " The Shadow ••f Allah." by Morley lb 
" Ixftan's Loyalty," by .Sarah Tytler; " Thn Ksperiroent 
Nevill," by Fjneric HuliiM>-lteniiuin : " QuiU," by Mr». < 
Kernnhnn ; " The Harvi-iters," a tnle of r<Mintry life, bjr 
S. KleU'her ; " Ada Veniham. Aelrenn," by Rirhard 1 
" The Bishop's Heeret," by Fergna Hwaa, and a now • 
.Mr. T. W. S|».iKht. 

.M. ViWx Alcan annouiicea an intAroatinic Hat of booka I 
s<ipliy and history for February. M. Pi ''>se"Ina 

Mentale " w«> reviewed theotlwrdny, i» oliinw O 

Causes S4ieial<>s de la Folio." M.Tnnon. |-r."> nt of the C 

Caaaation, has written an essay tin " L'Kvolution ilii Ore 
Cons<-ii>nce S«M'iale." Tlie wtdl-known |ixyi-lH>lo(cist. M P 
is corrtM'tiiiK the pr«x)f sheets of " I^ France au I* 
Moral." The I'rime Minister of France, M. Waldi-< 
has written a preface to a liotik by M. Bouismr. " Lc F«d^ 
Keonoinii|iie." M. Alcan also promi'ws a study at T 
Si^cnor Bnrjelotti, a prof««ssor at Naples, in his " Conter 
History Series," a inono)n«|>h on Ruiiiania for imi 
publication, and in March " 1a> Suicide et le Crime Paa 
by M. Pronl, tho president of the French Court of Appi 
eontiniiation of his famons volumes " Le CrinH> et la Peini 
" Le Crime Politique." M. Ossii>-Lourii'. whose anal 
Tolstoi's philosophittal system we n'viewiNl the otijer d. 
publish with thu same house a com|)anion study o 
Philosophie S«M-ialo dans le Tli<(&tro d'llMten." 

Two iin|x>rtant worka are bein^ pr«par«>d by tbe 
d'F.ilitions Artisti(|iies, M. Pierre de Nolbac's " Hbd 
Ch&t<N»u de Versailles " and " Le Must^ du Louvre." 

In M. do H<<r^din's new e<|ition of Andn^ Ch4ni«r I 
volume will contain the " ]ilyll<-s." The name of the pi 
is not yet announced. 



We annonnoed last summer that tlie writin^i of Dr. 
Wallace, who died suddenly in tho House of CoonMNia lai 
would bo edited by his brother, a statement which waa ao 
nnniH>essarily contraillote<l in a widely read weekly ; 
Messrs. Sands now promise a work entitled " Robert ^ 
M.P. : Life, Reminlseences, and Remains," which Im 
undertaken by Mr. William Wallace and Sheriff Carapliel 
Dr. Wallaco had been preacher and journalist before 
(Militician, and in each sphere made no inconaidcrable ma 
his incisive tonfoie and pen. For a brief period he held t 
of e<litor of tho ikoUman in sacceMion to .Alexander Baaa 

Bt. Lt.-Colonol Aldorsoo, now commanding tbe M 
Infantry attached to the lat Cavalry Brigade in South 
has written a book entitled " Pink and Scarlet, or Hnntl 
Schixil for Soldiering," which Mr. Hoineroann will publi? 
next month. 

.Mr. W. W. Greener, the well-known author of TarkM 
on fire-arms, will pnblish imme<liatelya wxirk on flrc-araN4 
" Sharp Shooting for S|K>rt and Service." Several oUm 
on tho same subject arc in preparation, including C 
Mr. Baillio-Grohman. 

The " instalment syatea" weoM to hare taken a stro 



.-J *i..i. 



UG 



LlTKllATURE. 



lehru! 



' Um) Oitwt," by PiofcMor BoMjudn Ide Whwler, of 
CVirlMll Uniwrtity. ami "OkwlMMffM (Ckarle* tlio (Jroat)," 
by Mr. H. W. Carlcw Davb, Ttikm of All Boub College. 
Oxford. 

Mr. J. A. HotaMNi, who recently rcpromntod tlio Ma nrk m t tr 
Ommrdimm !» BoaUi Af^ic*, will publUh twrljr in Febroary a 
votaM aatiUcd " TIh< War in Hoatb Africa : Ita Cauae* and 
BfccU." Tbv book will be iasuod by Uomn. J. Msbot. 

" Tbr Church. Paat and ProMMit " b tho title of a vitliiim) 
which Mcairs. J. NivUa will iaana emrXy in Kobriuiry. 
Il ba aUtcnipnt nf Uk> biatorirtal |M«si(ioii iif thv Church iif 
KnfbuMi in a M>rica al caMayw by tlu> Biithitp (if I»n<lon, Bishop 
Harry, and others, and is tilted by Proftwior Owaticlu, of 

CambrMcv- 

*' Mraaorba and ImprcasioaB " b the title of a now volumo 
ul avteibiocraphy by Mr. OcorgeBruilrii'k, the Warden uf Morton 
CuU««<^, Oxford, which will be iaancd in Fcliriuiry. 

JIaaua. Sampacm L»w arc publi.Hhiii^ this month an 
alaborateiy lilnstrated volumo on Burma, liy Max and B<>rtlia 
Korrars. The life and aociHTy of the country ni-e depicttMl in 450 
|ilMil<wrapiis. Tho valuu of Kueh a record lii*N nmiidy in the fact 
llmi Banna, like many otlH>r rountrioH, is losin); her outu-nni 
liidiTldualitT, and In k>«8 than a pencration, Hay tlie authors of 
ih'* prcM-nt work, ita Indi^iioux character will have imhmxI. 

Mr. Nimmo announces a new l>ook on Sicily by Mr. 
Doegba Kladcn, who Is already wvll known aa a travelli>r and 
writer, and aa the author of Huceesfiful Umks on Australia and 
Ja|«n. Tlie new book is ttte fruit of a rceont vi!<it to Hicily and 



will not neftloet ita hlitorloal record, one of t 
in th<> history of the world a« tho Into Pro 
fond of insistini;. 

We underMtnud thatMr. Fisher Unwin I: 
anew pby by Mr. George Mi)<>n<, cutitli<d ! 
Bomgk, to bu produced at the Irish Literary 1 

ProflMaor Tyler, hesidi^ his " Century i 
men," baa in pr«<|MiralI<>n, wo undcrslnnd, a 
with the " Literary Hist<iry of the American 
First Half Century of Their lnde|s>ndence." 

Mr. H|H>nser Wilkinson's wiirk. " Tht- B 
has iKH-n translat<'<l into Italian liy dirc<-l 
(lenernl .Staff for tho na«> of ita army and of tl 

Tho flrst part of Mr. Kipling's " .Iiinjtl 
translated into the Gernmn laiiKimt^'i ""d i 
la roady for publication by a LeiiMig ftrm 
" Dna neuc I>sclninnellmch." 

The late Mr. .1. F. Nisliefs interest ing 
pathic side of genius cnl!e<l " The Insnnity of 
pnl)li<he<l in 181(1 by Mi'ssrs. WnrtI nnd Dtmnn 
in a fourth e<lition by Mr. (Jmnt Kichartls. 

On the 15tli inst. Messrs. Chatto and 
" Dora MyrI, the Irish Detective." I.y Mt 
Q.C., and on March 1st will apiiear Mr. Koli 
novel, '• .\n(lrome<la : An Idyll of flu- Orent 

A new iKxik shnrtly to Ix- out, by the nut 
Invisible," Mr. .Tames Ijine Allen, is to Im« 
of l«w : a Story of the Kentucky Hemp Fielil 



LIST OF NEW BOOKS AND REPRINTS. 



LJIO ana uvvva 

Ldb<—  urn. I 



BIOORAPHY. 
Life and L.ett«Fe of Amb r oee 
-» Uale. Br tea. 

Bmut Hart imiMML DOX. 

t)M» or M. I'sar*. BrBlaSiMi. 
A. MOmam. LUIt. >>>Mil>-. >t*PP- 
Coadaa. I«L J*""™)^-. '""•. 

mtmmmrttUiBtomattha Nation*.) 
Br J. >*'. Ilmltawk. ;|x&iin.. 
in BB. lioodnn. I"*"' Ihitnsm. v. 

Wtf Op— » Oxrord L,oaders. 
Ibr Jfer. A. B. iMinaldmon. Ti^ 

RlTlngton. •«. 
' OapdlnalDuboto. 

Iha French. By 
J iaia l f iii iH ii S volik »ix«in., 

m^m^ uodojjuoj^ ^^ 

laaiaii iwi .rd«.l*Jd. 

KDUC iU , __ 

Talaanfflnii i n   a a l jr. By 

Jh'. M. Fimrm. J»Wn., lis pp^ 

(wood. Ik. 




wtcmon. 

•Br iwM UulkcUamL 7|x 

k ftl.<d. 
Br 

u n^mS-Th^vf-j^ 




Jaoquou la Cpoquant. H>- 

K-innr Ix lio\i. T| » tilii.. IM pik 
!'»ri<. l!««p. InliiiKnii l>»vy. Kr.S..Vi. 
Venua Ennaml*. Ky Mutitirn ilc 
Silli'. TjxUln.. »l pp. I'urK 
IHv.KililtonHdr In Hcviic Hlntirhiv 
Kr..1..Vi. 
iwnmm d'AmAelqua. Hr Th. 
TJxIJln.. Si pp. I'«rl», 
Armand Colin. VrXSn. 
(I'Dur le« Jounm Killiw.) 
By Jrtis Wrttr*. TivJIln . an pp. 
•■srls, 19m .\rmand Colin. Kr.X.Vi. 
Luole Ouepin, Mapqulaa de 
Ponta. By Jmn BtHh. 
Illn.. trtpp. Paris, w 
d'iuiltioni<UtU-ntimict.\ T 

Kllcndorff. Kr.»JO. 
Uvtaar or Daad. ( w.T. NovaM 
By lluuh Conxray. VJ x6)ln., at p^ 
London, !«»>. 

" Weekly Telecraph." ltd. 

HISTORY. 
The Oi 
1871. 

Ssfttln.. xxaL-tnw-t-MB pp. Lon* 
don. IIMi. Hnilth. Kldor. IDs. 

Bo b e e ple r re. )' ' MirMtL 
tN'oareUs ^ «mrttrM 

d'aprtadesito . loriquw.) 

7(X|{1D.. MBpi> l..n~ imi. 

ChIiuikiii l.«'^'v. KrXML 
Alfk-ed In Uia Chronloloe. By 

UadM. MOD. Stock. 7s. •IE 



Aooopdinir to My Llcrhte. By 

J. Hnllinunhrail. , J • 4iln., 3*7 pp. 
London. l'.«"i. 

(hntto Jt Wlndns. *•. 
Tho Antiquary. Vol XXXV. 
liixT'in., S88pp. London. 19l«i. 

Stn< It. :*. M. 

Spoaklnff. Ily tVilliam Malr. 

1» II. 7>Uln.. 174 pp. Ixindon. 

im). Hliickwotxl. Sh. 

Contpe la Juatio*. Hy Uromrx 

flimrnrrau. 'Ix4)ln., ISO pp. 

i. I>. V. Stock. KrJJO. 



I'. 



. 1900. 



kt Company, 1M7- 
Hy HtrkUm IViUmon. 1 vols. 



LITKRARV. 
The atonr of Bncllah Lltepa- 
tma m- Br Anm" *<' *M(o«<a. 
7|KMo.,«ipp. I. 

,*' Ha, 

OaUeela d »— y ■. •'<«•« 

mmll. troll. (I.mrory r>i.i7ix 
•|ia..«4Mpp. Loa^gWfcj^ 

tSi, ajT^DSuSSnuiN. «.. n! 



NAVAL. 
The Imperial Ruaslan Navy. 

Hy /••. T. Jiinr. InJ  Afin.. T.Upp. 
London, Iti'i. Tliixkcr. Sis. n. 

PHILOSOPHY. 
Tho Wopld and tholndtvldual. 

((lUr.ml l.<'.iim». I«l .-;<rli-»,l Hy 
J. UKwr. I'h.n. Hl^Mln., xvl.i- 
&a pp. Ix>ndon. IVai. 

MacmllUui. It^ 6d. n. 

POETRY. 
An Echo or Oceek Son|r. 
KmclUliixl by ir. //. I). Itouat, 
7| xailn., lij pp. Ixjiiitoii, IMUII. 

Hcnt. Ss. 6d. n. 
The Man With th« Ho.. *nd 
oUicr I'ocni*. H •tm. 

*] ' &)ln.. IM pp. I 

liny .V i«l. n. 

POLITICAL. 
The PolltloUn'o Handbook. 
Bowlon l«iin. Hy //. »'half». 
■|x6|ln.. SU pp. I^ndon. mat. 

VarlnT. rt-. 

REPRINTS. 

A Now Variorum Edition of 
■hak«ap««r». Vol. .Ml. .MikIi 
Acl'H- ,\Ih)iii N.ithliiii. Kil. 1)V //. 

H. h'liriirif. 1  ' ' ' '• l-oii 

don. ll«"i. '"■• 

ShakaopeaT ' ^it 



The Prlnoli 

Hy //. Hert 
Jones. H.Sc 
eiD., >78 pp. 

Dynamo C 
trioal a 

Kntcli^h Tn 
.V.l.f K. I 
don, l!«iii. 
TheStopy o 

By //. n: 

London. lUK 

SO 
Blaok Jan 

KroltilliHi. 
7|-.-.|ln.. .•)- 

Tampe Fi 

Annn*liif.i 
;(xl|tn.. 3U 

L'Unlque e 

Klnrlira in 
Tntfliirlioii 
Maj Stritu 
7ix4)ln., im 



TH 
Intert 



the Ktt. a 

' hTixftiln.. S» 

Tennyaon 
Taaohar. 

I ;|xAin.. XWI 

' The Hebro' 

».'. I{. Cnntl 
4|ln., KM pp. 

Studlaa In 

Ily ./. M. . 

iii pp. I,<>n 

Who Come 

'rinink.ut\ ll 
niiuilon. I<> 



3litci*.iturc 






I 



5PECIAL EDUCATIONAL NUMBER. 

Edited by 9. ^D. (Traill. Published by Zk( ZitUt. 



No. m. 8ATUKDAY. KKHKUAUY 10. lUOO. 

CONTENTS. 



Leading Article Kducnt ion nnd War 117 

Personal Views " AicliMMiop llviiMun m n Man of 

1,1'llci-M," l>y I'kliiuiiid OtwNO 122 

Poem --" Kniflrtnont of n Hymn to Apollo." Purnphnuicf) 

l)y .May Sinrlair 122 

The New Act '...'. 118 

Inspection of Secondary Schools, l>y the Ilov. li. 

A. D.ilt.in Ill) 

The Bnglish Bduoatlon Bxhlbltlon 12U 

Bduoatlonal Books— 

KilMTOlliiiiiil Iti'fMrm bjtrly YurkHhIrv Siiliimlt The Joumiil of 
I'Ultit'iitloii Tlin Li>t(trnl lliutlii of Kduratlun— I'Tklning of Iho 

YonnK In IjtwMof Sex 130, 127 

Rnxlisli Lit«'ratui-e 127 

Tht' C'lfifiHU's — 

The Now Oxfonl TcxU, &o. v 128, ia», lai 

MiMl«>rn Liiii)(iiiiKt>N i;iO 

Divinity 1:11 

History iind Ueugi-Hphy Uii 

Srii'uco i;« 

Miithcniittics 131 

Coppcapondeno*-" Unwritten Law* and IdcalK" (Him K. H. 

I'itvivlrii) 13,"> 

Notes 117. 118. 123, 121. 125, 120 

Authors and Publishers 130,137.1.38 

List of New Books and Reprints 138 

EDUCATION AND WAR. 



According to Napoleon, war is in the main a bookish 
business ; according to fome headmnBters who have lately 
been writing letters to the papers, the boy.s who go into 
tlie Army are, with rare exceptions, boys who are Iwd at 
their books ; according to Mr. Kudyard Kipling, the 
ideal British officer is of the stamp of ".Stalky," who, 
when you look at him closely, is neither more nor less 
than the average fifth-form rowdy. It is tempting to put 
these three expressions of ojiinion together and offer them 
as an explanation of certain recent niintary reverses. We 
."•hall not go quite so far as that, for we regard Stalky as 
a libellous portrait, and are pretty sure that the Stnlki<"s 
of this world are estimated at their true value by general 
officers of the calibre of Lord Kitchener. But it is worth 
while to suggest that something should be done to induce 
able men to enter the Armv in nrpntpr nnniKwr^ tlmn 



grt ap early and b» drilled, or to be onlered to re 
ridicnloQji i)l8eeii where he rannot have thr run of 
On the other linnd ther« are niimheni of young 
combine the intellectual aptitudra of the book-« 
the phy.Hical vigour and athletic teaiuUiet aiedc 
soldiers ; and then> is linnlly any ynhmioa whie 
show more of thetie men than the Annj. We I 
on the judicial and nl«o on the epiacopal beas 
Inns of Court nnd in Hnrley Street, among eagi 
Indian civilians, war-correspondenta, and the bet 
of our great public schooli. The {ntellectoal nt 
all these callings is higher titan in the Army ; ai 
the men who follow them there are many vlio wi 
made admirable soldiers. The question i« : H 
Army to get its fair share of the men who are, int«> 
as well as ithysically, the pick of their genem" 

As the headmaster of the Bromsgrove ••<.■.- 
out in a letter to a contemiiorary, it is, in th( 
matter of money. Neither the jiay nor the 
are such as to command the market. TIm 
our Bishop is l^etter i«id than the greete) 
generals. Similarly with Judges. A general i 
man compared with a .Judge of the High Coui 
hardly better off than a County Court Judge or 
diary magistnite. Clever young men, casting e 
profession, obser\e these things. They ded 
though the world is their oyster, the sword iii no! 
weajion to open it with. The consequence ia 
intellectual element in the country is inadeqoat 
sented in the Army, to the Army's obvioa* detrii 
is a thousand pities that this should he so, bi 
continue to be so until the prospects of oflkf 
improved that tlie Army, as a career, can compete 
terms, if not with law, j^iysic, and divinity, 
with the other public ser\ices. The fault doe 
with the schools, where the lads of brain can gt 
intellectual training they nee<l. but with the V 
and the Chancellor of the I-lxchequer. 



Mr. Etimund CKMse in another column 
fresh light on one characteristic of the lat> 
Benson — vix., his literary style and ambitiom 
masterx and Archbishoiw are seUom able to gi 
ambitions they may have in this dirMtion. Iv 
was somewhat of nn exception in the former clan. 
who may almost lx> i:\llitl a pn^ltfi'- author, did, 
bishop, find time ' work ; but d 



118 



LITERATURE. 



[Pebruiuy 



nracoUr gift in K^unod'h (1u« to another mnse; 
nuj ha\-» hail it* mm at WelUngtoD. 



but it 



rn«ifr til." title "The Ethiot of ( riti.iMn," Mr. 
Kobeit BaciuinAn, in the Qmitmporairjf, enlarge* on the 
wmr — the w which l)e<;inn and ends ** in the lust for 
<iold, and the aniour of freeliooten« to frrab the solid 
l-jutb." Mr. Huthauan it. under the imprcKiiion that he 
i> replying to the article " U it tlie voi«-e of the lIoolJKHn ?" 
hv Sir Walter Ittwaut. On tiie riue:<tiun whether Mr. 
Ki|>liii;;*> voice in or in not "the voice of the Hooli^un," 
Mr. (live Hollan«l hnx Hent as a lonj; and inten-ntini: 
letter which the demandii of thin npecial F^iui^tional 
namber ooin|)el u» to hold over until next week. Mean- 
while, M to the criticiMin of nuthora by their brother 
antbon, we >ih(>uKI ourselves incline to agree with the 
views of Mr. HerU'rt Paul exjiresw^l in these column8 two 
weeks ago rather tliaii with Sir Walter Besant ; but Mr. 
Bachanan, who seems to think it an amusing " ncore " off 
his opponent to call him " Sir Walter Besant Knight," 
ha« yfty little of value to Kay in ten pages of rhetoric on 
thi« question of literary ethics. 

The ideas and afcpirations of the ** public elementary " 
child must provide a pretty good test of the ideas — and of 
the aspirations, if such exist — which prevail in the homes 
they come from. How can they be got at? Miss 
Catherine Dodd has found a way, and she gives a very 
full account of the results of her in()uiry in the XiUloual 
Hevinc. The plan was to propound the two following 
questions to 302 boys and 289 girls in public elementary 
schools : — 

1. Which would you rather be when you grow up, a 
man or a «'oman, and why ? 

2. What man or woman of whom you have ever 
heard or read would you most wish to l)e, ami why ? 

The answers reveal the state of mind of the GOO 
children in the first lialf of December, 1899. 



GeDeralljr speaking, the girls show the finer feelings, 
the more unselfish idnils : the boys show a keen sense of 
the desirability of getting enjoyment out of life, but their 
selfishnees is leavened by patriotism. To this, however, 
there are exceptions. " In times of peace," sajrs one 
cautious youth, " I aould like to be a king, but in war I 
would like to be a couimercial traveller." The children 
shov some appreciation of poetry, hut their knowledge of 
tha he ro e s of fiction, or indeed of real life, seems very 
limited. It is sometimes said that Gladstone is forgotten : 
he seems to be the only statesman these elementary children 
hsve ever heard of. Tlie two chief |K)ets an- .Shak<>i»eare 
and Kipling. Military heroes are the most |iopnlar : Sir 
Hedvem Buller omttf Itil'l j/uiirlnm. But Sir Thomas 
I<ipton is a favourite and Dan I^no does not want for a 
rote. Among the girls are some "strong-mindwl" 
damsels ; but on the whole alsjut liH per cent, of the girls 
wish to be men, and only two boys oat of 302 wish to be 



some danger of a reaction to undue desiMi 
crisis like this which tests the real streng 
and in doing so incidentally assesses the tr 
gongs hy which its jiiitriotisni has lieen sti 
sustain as well as kindle ? That is the ()U 
one to which there is not always a sntii 
In the hour of conlidenue and success the i 
is an easy one ; and the frothiest kind of lyr 
will " go down." It is otherwise in a seaso 
gloom like the present. The battlenmng i 
Kmj)ire must have the real stuff in them t1 
not to produce the effect of last niglit's cimm 
Ixittle has \teen standing with the cork o 
is the real stufl' in such a poem as " 
Sentinel I " the first and most spirited of 
this volume of .Mr. Austin's. It may safely h 
to the most depre.ssed of prematurely des 
who would l)e unworthy of her name and 1 
not inspire him with fresh courage and re 
renewed faith in his country's future. 



THE NEW ACT 



Th« n«w and enlanmd edition of the I.AiirRate's 



The IVMird of }<>liii-atii>ii Act, which comes 
Ist of April, must Ik- rcKanhsl merely iis a Iwnf 
the future cnm|>nit;n nf;ninst wiuttc niul in 
national system of education. Tho isnuo mu 
w^lse appointment of those local authorities whi< 
extent, have to t^rry into effe<'b tho principh 
form tho chief Kafe^uanl n(;ainst a bureaucratio 

Tho Hitnation is attendetl with difllculty 
schools anil school masters the temptation is com 
to their souls the warning of Otiysseus to his I 
of Scylla antl C'harylKlis — Toirov fiiv taxvov tal 
vHa : " Out of this amoko aixl s«r(;e k<>ep 
Where the school Is pros|icrous and well e 
sehoolmaater caimble and ixjwerful, there is au 
lest local interference should destroy " the fref 
elasticity " of otir public school system. Th 
however, u|Kin a misconreption. It is improlmb 
sny im|)ossible, that any liK-al authority will Is- 1 
with sK'hools which (live proof of their enicieiic) 
would l>e strong against this and the infliiei 
bodies and h««dnuislera. 

lint at tho outset the pri>r<>Hsion of tcachen 
indivisibility which the Lord President, at thr 
(fluent ion Kxhibition, urt^csl as all-im|)ortant fo 
ment of the Unit educational work. There n 
indivisiliility of purpose, but unity of action, 
our nrst preuiisu that all schools must como 
the new local authority. Mr. Hryce's Commis 
diffen-ntiate iM-tween " local " and " non-I<x 
then- WHS no siiHIcient ilcllnitiou Riven of 
other. Huch distinction l)elwe«Mi schools la 
any attempt to create it now would lie 
disailvanlage of tho great public sclusils th 
can Im« no satisfactory n-asou assiKiied why 
unjustillalile In the case of Kton and Win<' 
p«>rmi«slble forKiuf^Klward's S<-hiNil, Birmin|;h 
Hoooer or later tbe public will diH<.-over thn,t 
dilsreDee befewesu thosn s<'hools which an; 



February 10, IDOO.] 



LITERATURE. 



I 



wlill«' the fiilnimvm iif AivniiVxild hr • roiinJyor ponnty 
the Iclrnl nPfft would l)*> mniif-tliiiii; itiiirh m'>r«> timii »>ltl><T. Tll« 
BIiihn|i(if Coventry, nil thi- ■i|M>kc!<nmii of nti ' ••II, 

of wliii-li KiniiiiiKliain in flu- rrntrt', hns r< ••iiM» 

wlilfh h:ii nHrncli-il «>ri(>ii»i nltriitlon in iiinny i|nnrl«>r«. by a 
|iro|KM(>cl (livlMlnn nt KriKl'iiiil inin ten (Hliimtloniil kliii(<loin«, • 
rcvcrxlon to lh»> spirit of th»' Mo|>tnrrhy, whioh In Intprfwilnff iotbr 
antlqimrinn, hut lniprm*tlcnl>l«> for piirpo)M«H of innit(«rii f>IB«»I«>iicy, 
A Rlnnoc at iU cU<lnllN with Iholr want of ntiiii«<riral proportion — 
nt thcso (NliicnIlonnI provltirfit, for iniilAncf>, rnrylnit In |)opiilatIon 
from olclit mlllionH to onr iiilllloii nml n ((iinrtcr, no wi-ll nn th<' 
Inrolicroni'o l><>twf>on roiiiitios Kroii|N'<l fo(»»'tlMT, n<i, for <>xntnpln, 
tho im-liiNion of Siisi««x in tlio MotroiHililnn ariii- In Nnfllrlont to 
oonct<-niii tho xdionio ns nnworkniilr. Morf>ovcr It " puts Imok 
tho liiiiiiU of tho cliH'K'," n thin;; whirh tho llonM< of ('oinnionii I* 
nlwnys h>tli to do, liy dontroyin(; tho principio which Iimm (frown 
Krndir.tjly from tho ilnyit of the Khiro-Moot to tho birth of thr 
Oonnty Conneil that county gOTcrnmrnt In iilrntical with local 
govornmont. 

Tho problem of nnnnro Is mnklnc It utill mort^ Important t« 
rooof»nlr.o thin prinoiplo. Tho ilmin on tho national Rxchorinor 
must conviiioo tho m<wt Mtngnino roformors that tho now conlnry 
will Ih" (jrowinR old lM>foro Ktnfo aid for noconilnry nohools ran 
l>o lookod for to any npprocinblo oxiont. It in trno that wo mar 
ox|)oot nndor tho H<«ird of R<lnciilifm a no-ndjiittmont of tho 
diH|Kmition of tho I'liriiamontnry prnnt, nt pn>HOnt dorotofj to 
clomontnry sichools, mid nn in<|niry into tho Appropriation by 
comity connoils of tlio whisky monoy which in nt th<<ir dlKpoMil 
iimlor tho TochnimI Inntriirtion Act. 8onH» cotintiox aro iwlnfj 
this with iiioronsInjT wisdom ; others, as wo think, aro mli*- 
npproprintinB it ; and a majority aro wnstinf; it by drililots In 
trivial schomt<s of quest ionnblo ndrnntaffe. But even a wiser 
ndmiiiiKtnitiou in those pnrtirulnrs will 1h> insnIHeient ; and rate 
aid from tii>< county purse will be eMcntial for the fuinimcnt of 
the reforuiution which luis Ix-guu. 

Yot the adoption of the county ns the Indispensniilo unit of 
locnl government need not unduly limit the new control. There 
must bo occasion and encouragement for the onion of adjacent 
counties, soinetimos three or four in ntimlier, so that these 
e<lucntionnl dioceses niny l)Oconie nn p<]ucationnI prm-ince ; and 
of tho county with its county borouRhs, where desirable. It 
niny lie better that tho Continentnl mnrrinpe snj-stem should l>e 
ndopttxl mther thnn onr own, that instigation to nnion ami the 
settlement thereof should lie npplied by the central p<irent 
nuthority, though nrrnnRed with consent of the contracting 
jmrties. 

Then ns to tho functions of the local nuthoritles. They 
will obviously, first of nil, advise the Board of K<lncntlon as 
n^gnrtls tho provision of 8<-hools of every class suitable for 
tho locality, nnd, tinder its control, provide for deflciencies. 
They must hnve' some ofHcial copiirnnce of primary si-hools, 
ns well as of the prent public honr<linp: schools situated 
in their nrcn. There nre ten or twenty grent public schools 
throuphout the country which clonrly alTord no supply for local 
demands ; and whose localiration would be a real loss to the 
community. There nre also schools founded for some special 
purpiise, such ns tho \Voo<lard Schools, schools of the Roman 
Catholic nnd other nonconformist botlies, which would fall naturally 
into the same non-local class. Of these tho local anthority nr>nld 
take copiiznnce nnd little more, though it may Iw assnmed that 
powers of insjioction now exercisetl by the local sanitary attthority 
wonld be tninsfcrred to the Education Committee. To exempt 




MtrMMS. Tlwr« •»• Um 

■OWNMi* MW Of 

nnytking laart* than 
IwInC aMrfent and proptrtf wmi-Io— I. OtlMfa wk 
MffiMtMl tlw trMllttonal ebiiwi of tlM loaaUtjr mpam t 
benn trradmllyalMnrlMiri by noiHlanal tntttrnt; aawl la I 
remlntlmi that thiM far thmy akall (o smI no tertlMr. 
•Rain, nooil lh« oncminMrmm^t of « IdMU MrtJMrltjr U> 
an ideal of lllieral ethical ioii which OMjr MOl Mdl tlw tm 
people. Mwr y wb wr p pratcvUoo will to mmiM a^iiH* t 
hitriwion el art— tMn —4 twtfcwIwM — IJ— >• to Uwda* 
" that RraMl nUI foKifylnc eurrlcaliua," a piMaimI tn 
" whii-h," a rooeiit writ4«r aay», " in Ito Mtrnpsct of lil 
lone^ its bold upon tto rvaptsetful mimlntiim99tm«t them 
nKwt studious 111 \ta ntiflect," ami whtok ilMtU allll n 
Krouiidwnrk of all sound learniiiic ; aiul to ■■wrt tto 
Knglishmen that their rblMren sbould " Im vlrtao 
ICHlly bronght up," tn tlio formation nf rharaetar ml 
the mere acquiidtion of knowlotlKe. HtriiKglinic M-liariU 
siilMlily : ineAU'ient arbooU Improveneot. Mo alac 
schoola mwt to bronght, mmmUmm bj fantla. mrM 
draatto. mwiaiii w into tto paMle mtrrtam. 

How far tho local authority Is to to cstroatod wit 
of inapeetion la a iiueotion the solution of wkleb will cal 
and (iiservtlon on tlw> part of the central anthority. 
reots the rcapoB a ilillity by statute. It nwy 
functions, but the Univentiliea are more litoljr lo 
conOtleiice of governing liotlieit ami liMwInautera tl 
authoritifla. Tn the Iatl4>r, of coarse, will fall tto 
sanitary inspection, and of cnmiidering the proper t 
of local aid. Bnt as the object of atlministrativo la 
secure a reoHonablc degrc<e of iinifomiity, a relatitw i 
in point of stalT, teaching (xiwrr, and curriculoin in simi 
of schools, it is not to disparage tto IntnUljumfit or ii 
influence of the local authority to anggMt tto oontn 
Board of Education in this depnrtawttt of tto b*w orders 

Of the const it ut ion of thcM local nattoritlMa It la 
premature to spenk. The Bishop of Coventry ham Mioptc 
in agreomeut with that which first saw light i" 
introduced into the House of Co w mona nighlMB »■ 
Colonel Lock wood, and foreshadomMi \ty tto raport m i 
Comiuifisioii. From the saro>> city of BirvinghMi oooMa 
nni>ther sort, devise<l by Mr. MeCnrthy, tto CtolnMI 
S<-bo<>l Boanl. The latter is dmwn ao obfloMily in tto 
of Si'luMil Hoards and priiiinry schools that it ' 
our conMitli-rntion asiiMlicnIiiig a force witk whi< 
ro'koniiig in tho llooao of Cowmoaa. The former is too < 
aiitl exact for our prosont p«rpaM>, which is to imun 
principle of " the county, the whole county, ami nolfaiii| 
county " in the establi.shnieul of the local edncalioa ai 
It is eitoiigb to say that wbethor in county — tl«il 
provincial matters the county shall prvdonunnt*. dne | 
iM^ing made for the representation of goTwning bodios of 
and proprietary schooto, of School Bontds, and 
voluntary schools, with • anall tot cnrcfnlly i 
experts, whose knowledge ami judgment will to 
principle of this new control. 



INSPECTION OP SEOONDAKT SCHOO 



(Bt tbb RST. H. a. DALTOX. HunMtfTsn e» rmun» : 



120 



LITERATURE. 



[Febnmi 



to Um 



Umw to My that " Umm wttooMM who advertiyt to them lUd 
mat ahriak trem the ■iImIiIm th«t (hey alw ahoulil b» imipMted 
■uUtkriljr, Mtd there warn oae even bold eaoo^cb to Mid cduoa- 
tioeelljr aim." It would have been bold Indeed to predict what 
hM aetaally happened, that in 1800 the Headmaatera' Conferanoo 
wveld aeeepk the prleeiple by a nnaniiaoaa Tote, adTMag its 
to aatieipato the inapeetioa tt aehotria prorided by the 

aatAet ef Puliameat, and to plaoe their aohoola forthwith 

l«r Tolnntary inapeetioa. 

The pubti« hM kmg been aeenatoined to inapeoUon in the 
• tt eliMMalary aehoola. and it baa porlmps liocn supposGd 
, Ite tbIm la Ihnited by It- practical result to such schools in 
th* distribation of education pmnta. The Kdneation Department 
woeld doabtlesa r«fa»e, an<l rii;htly, to r(«o(nilKn this as tho solo 
or the main parpoae of inspect inn. It ba.'« higher ends ; and as 
now to be rpcognin^I bv the nulhoritlca o( higher 
It b iitcTitable that in!<poct inn xhoiiUI become general 
; them, even if It docs not hocome compulsory. For inspec- 
in a way that rsamiiistinn cnniint, flrst as a guarantee 
pablio and to the govcmoni of the cdicicncy of a tichool, 
■eeoadly aa a wholeaomc Ntimulii!i to nil who work in it. 
ation tests rosiilta ; inNpoction ropinls and suggests 
■mthoda. Kxamination has mainly to do with individual boys, 
■ad often miaace its mark ; inopcction dcaN with the discipline 
and rfllHcncy of classes. Kxamination does not look beyond the 
teaching of a school ; inspection is a survey of every part of ita cor- 
porate life. Kxamination tests the ho\-<i,nnil simsattheirtoachers, 
If at all, only in a very inilire«-t mnnner ; Inspection is a means 
of sympathy and enoournp-nicnt to the mnsters themselves. 

The inspection which is here spoken of is not, of coarse, 
mmitary inspection, on the necessity of which all arc 
althoegh no organization of it yet exists. Nor is it 
il or administrat!%-c inspection, huch as that which has In 
at yeus been undertaken by tho Charity Commissioners for 
the aehoola aabject to them, c-onsisting of nn inquiry into their 
■aaaeea aad maaagcoient, and the conformity of their working to 
the aUtotory a^emea. This is not the snmc, although It has 
pointa of contact with the ins|>ect!nn under review, which may 
be called educational insperti<m. The chnracter of this is not 
wofy geeerally andersto<N| even by sclHXjImnsters, and it may not 
be out of place to describe it by drawing upcm the cxpcricnco of 
one of the very few public schools in which inspection has as yet 
been Inrited. 

The inspector's rlslt cannot well last for more than two or 
three days, nad therefore ho comes well prepared by previons 
work. He hea aeen the timetoble ; he has become' acquit in ted 
with the arrangement of forms, the time given in each form to 
very subjert, the number and ((uallflfatinnM of the staff, and the 
dutira of each member of It ; be has studied written «-ork done 
in the ordinary routine and selected by him at his discretion 
IWmi different forms. Thus, when he arrives, bo is ready at once 
to visit every class adth some pn>vion<i knowledge of Its attain- 
ments. He will aee every master at work, and hrar the whole or 
pari of a le«aon in every form. He will, if be pleaacs, take a 
ieaaoB hiamelf. althoogh he will generally learn mora by listening 
toothers. Bet he is ec|ually busy out of school hours. Ho 
amkes himself acquainted with the general disciplinary arrange. 
■eata ; he watchea the cricket or the football ; be vislta the 
I ttaa Bwtnming bath, and the workshops ; be aees the 
at drill : ho attend*, if opportunity occurs, the 
of scientiAc, literary, or delmting sociotiea. Thus, if 
be b sympatbetie aad observant, be is able to form a Judgment of 



And, whero inspection baa been tt 
proved that it has been both loyally welooa 
acknowledged afterwards to have been most v 
to all who have anbmitted theamelvea to it. 

Of courso everything depends upon tho ir 
tlons. It is eaaential that ho should bo not n 
by nature with powers of obaerva(i<m ami sym 
is familinr from personal experience with a i 
Huch men nro to bo found ; and ns iiiN|MX' 
general, it hhoiild prove an lionourHblu ami int^j 
fur men who liave won tlicir spurs us kucccx 
Their knowledge of a Hcliooliiuuttor's dinicul 
from pedantry ; and tho success they havo 
from tho experience of years will cuabio tb< 
tiling of its sc»crct to others. 

In the Board of FxlucAtion Act of 1800 t 
tion has been recogniiu'd, nltliough it has 
compulsory, ll is provid«^I that tho Boar^ 
onicers, or, aft«>r taking the advice of the Consu 
by any university or other organization, ii 
supplying set;ondary education, ond desiring U 
Organizations of tho kind referred to aro alrca 
doing active work. Facilities for inspection 
Oxford and Cambridge Schools Kxamination 
Delegacy and tho Cambridge Syndicate for 1a 
and tho Collate of Preceptors. Tlu>»e IxNlies wi 
to dilTerent kinds of schtMils, and their nctior 
strengthen tho tie l>e(w€<<>n the scImhiIs and 
much to l>o wiihwl, as it may now rejusonubly I 
great public schools, by Nuhmilting thorns 
delightrnl experience, may at once show their 
legislation half way, and give a useful Icat 
schools throughout tho country. 



THE ENGLISH EDUCATION ES 



It was a happy ihon^lit Ui orKani«5 an cxI 
education, us distinrt from Sco(<-h, Irish, or \V 
of the Paris Kxhiliition ; but by no means i 
The Uukc of Devonshire |K>intc<l out in his speec 
Prince of Wales that in Knglond there is noGovei 
which can bo directed to form such an exhibiti 
been done in Germany or France. It was nei 
to the schools separately, and while laying doi 
to allow a wide scope fur individual taste 
instructive. Tho flrst feeling of the l>ehold< 
at tho odd variety of things shown to > 
fc>eling is resentment to And all theso thing) 
long, narrow corriilor, whero it is impoasifa 
tbom. Tho fact is that, as usual, the richi 
the world has allnuiMl the smallest sum ttmtcou 
cover the exjicnsm. We hope this is ni>t an aii 
they mean to show in forming the neweducatio 

Tho exhibiti<m cannot, of course, exhibi 
pride of English schools, tho strength of cha 
and guide. All else, however, so far aa it Ci 
to the eye, is hero In one shape or another 
national Mlucation is represented ; prliiiiiry,Nec 
and University. In no part of tho Kingdom in 
these four, or even the flrst three, arc trca 
organic whole, save and except tho city of Mai 



t  ..t . 1 



February 10, 1900.] 



LITERATURB. 



intAtlon, for Movortl Dontiu st • Uhm, ud thsra luuf oa th* 

alU. CliuwM arc eaooungod to visit the Musmm of Arte and 

Crafii, Rml thi- vUlt Is kllowtxl to fount m work-timo. Thla b 

one of til lii'ini-1 which Oovurument control inny, if tiM nation 

will, iiinkc iMmsllilo for the whole country. 

Tliu must uncuuruKinK |Nirt u( tliu i-lcnientary work khuwn is 
' liat which teatilli-H to hand ami I'yc trninlnc. Auiougthooxhibita 
in- til In- foiinil oiny nxMlola ami wood modcia ; cardboMtl 
chui-i'lii-N, nillU, houMM, or oven cotUHainM ; ironwork, baakol- 
woric, mill urtilU'iiil flowura ; novUltjwork and ortMiuvntal dcalipta. 
The laat avoui to bo ulinoat unlvunial, and many of thi'ui aru 
t'Xtrvmoiy U>niitl(iil. Wo would montion uii|>i>cialiy thoao oi 
South 8hii<lil'<. ( 'oiumon-avniMS \h Hhown in turning looal tastea 
to account. TIihn, at HlrmiiiKhain wo aoo Ironwork, at litlnoatw 
laoe and ombroidi'ry, cither in kind or In dealgn. Thoao devdof^ 
ment.H bolong prti|iorly to toohnicul work ; and tlieru in much tu 
bo wiiil lor all iioii-luchnionl scliooN iM-inc workctl ou tbo Miniu 
gvnenil Hi'lii'iiii' of imml mid eyo trainini;, us o( intelltTctual anu 
moriil. Uiie quaint and iuKeniouii picco Ih a mat) of tbo diittrict 
(Hhelliold, Hunters, bar), with small photoKraph-i paatod on at 
Movonil iioiut!!. 8omo ot tho schools send up portlolioa ot their 
sobooi work ; liandwriting, ({ooKraphy, goomolry, drawiutc, and 
so forth. Thos(> aro oxorclscx uclunlly done in school, and aru 
doubtloiu (iiccordint; to re<tueal) not touchc<l up in any way, or 
HoloctfHl as spoi-inliy good. We miss one feature in most of tho 
elouii'iitury mcIiooU ; physical oxerolte and games. Hero is 
another point which tho now board of Ktlucation should attend to. 
We uoud iiol liiigor over tho technical uxbibita rurther than 
to suy that every skilled tnido swims to bo reproaoutod. There 
is no doubt tliut the Unglish artisan has not lost bis cunning, 
and that If ho is properly oquippod for tho light he need not 
tear any fair com|)etition. Tho problem beforo us la not so much 
to improvo tbo best work an to ibiike all our work of the samu 
(luulity, and to study the wiinU of our custoiuers abrood. 

Tho secoiulury schools send largo numbers of photographs, 
whether framed or in albians ; schomea and specimens of school 
work, uiunual and mental ; records of their life and history in 
tlio shape of iHJoks or magazines ; sometimes clinrters or ancient 
dooumenta ; and a variety of oddities. In tho photographs, as 
might bo ex(x>ct«(l, athletics play a great |Hirt ; aiid w-e see 
cricket and football, running and jumping, swimming, boxing, 
fencing, and gymnastics under a thousand shaiics. Soow aehools 
have sent in s|icciinoiis of their ca|)s and blazers, or strips of 
ribbon, and so forth, showing scliuol anil house colours. Most of 
the schools send pictures of their buildings and piaying-tlelds. 
Kossall is unique with a delicate model of tlie whole premises. 
This is highly interesting, and wo could wish the same thing had 
been done by others. It Is, pcrliaps, not too lato for others to got 
thoui made for tho Paris Exhibition, and we can conceive of 
nothing more likely to bo of interest. Kugby has a aeries of 
largo photographs of boys in their diOerout costumes ; lioad of 
tlie school, captains of cricket and football, others in oostuuie for 
running, boxing, fencing, and so forth. Kach school which has 
a a()ociality sends siHJcimens of it ; such are the Dulwich 
eiiginooring work, tho Watford w<x)d carving, tho lantern slides 
of heilfoiil Collego, London, drawings from the Liadios' College, 
Cheltenham, .scientitlc collcotiona, fossils, and tho like, iiichooi 
historios and mugiiziiies lio on tho table ; in glass casca are rare 
books, miniatures, and autographs (such as Arnold's), gold or silver 
modals, of which Winchostor has a fine show— even manoaoripts. 
The Winchester glass case contains a bibling rod, a parohmont 
Bursar's lioll, some Long Rolls of differout centuries, and several 




W» to«« Ml Um poftfnUo* of iravk lo iIm iMt, tot 
are Um Boal lapurtaal (Mrt flf tto MkJbit. Ui 
ara naltter waiptoto mt ■aifar*. Sobm 
OT a m l m i t loi i papan, aa akoav sp mmI aarkad t 
awrk fRMi ii lm i i foraa. It «m Ml for M. Faml* u 
nwtliad of I gtMi tu M lortara for tar PMU*< Tlw papt 
•cbuol are apparmUjr oow p toK aeta ot tka work of gl 
for a torn or ao. Tiw ■afortanato Jokn Tkoaipaaa, •« 
ha.vlii( boon txad npoq by a rolasltoM tela, kb Oiwk i 
vonwa, kia vary iapoalttooa at* { 
for Um deUwtoUoa of a ribald world, 
sokooki aoMN, on tho whole, to bi 
ahown ; aad, ia particttlar, tho hick i 
BOtfcod beyond praiM*. Thar* waa I 
tka exhibition should not hara 
cuiniuittvo had aaksd diatlactly fur th« to|^ 
boy or girl at aaek torm, and for spoeiaaaa or eoaipei 
unseen translation In languafca, and papar work ti 
scieucea and mathomaUcs, and for *mmy, wo hava 
know they wmUd have got It. Bat they did not ; 
vuguonoMa of tho rwiuoat haa reaaltad ia aoaw waifaahi 
school sends up a tHinipMa aehoBM of work oa a oard« a 
tabloa wherein aobjoeta are disUnioiisbmi by i 

Tbo UnivaralUaa exhibit both toivafaltgr 
and work ; pictures of tht? buildiogi aad aportBi < 
ajid specinM>ns of tbo soiiio. It moat have baaa wllk daa 
that tho diagrana wore drawn ap ahowlag Ike daprw 
college incooM and follows' dividenda. We 
millionaires who crave for immortality will i 
tho pious founders of past agea. Cambridge awy well 
of her sevuu povta, whose portraita are ahown ; bpeaaor 
Urydcu, Uray, byron, Wordsworth, and Tcnayaoa. 
not ben Jonson added 7 Oxford, apparently, doea aol 
worth wtiile to exhibit Shelley. An object of oaique li 
an examinatiou paper of W. K. Glad a toa e , doae la t> 
schools. Ihe Cambridge University section alae lac 
men of science, headed by Charles Llarwto. CaMbrM 
some other Universities and collogoa, alao seod aoaM of 
works of tiMur foatcrlinga. Whether the stalls of the t 
and Clarendon i'roaa stand here on this principle, we ki 
but they are full of worlu of scholarahip aad acieace ai 
books. 

The thoaghtfal observer must aote oae roawrlu 
There is no exhibition of school plant. Oaa or two Ar 
sent, it is true, niodcl doslu and b eac kea, or aaek II 
from tlie schools comes nothing. Wo caaaol kelp tklai 
a great chance haa been ailMerl of iasproviag tke el 
sohooU. Why aro we act akown OMdel aekool baildiac 
and elevation, or in photographa ; model school room 
and benches ; ingoniooa devicca for cloak tnn— , I 
McCarthy's at Birmingham T In tho au^Jority of oa 
schools learning ia made aa diScalt aa it oaa be. 1 
ill ventilated and lighted, aad kava tka aoal 
arrangcnH>nto it is poaaible to eoaoelva. Board i 
other hand, though, perhapa, still iaIMar to tka koM A 
schooU, try their beat toreawva tkeontaidaokalaelea to I 
Perhapa this may yet be roamdied. Tka OonMtaa 
yet roaiiae tke moneatoaa eriaia ia odacatioa wkiek aow 
us : and while tkay gatkar information for tkoir Be 
TeachMa and Schools, they may gstkar amtariala f 
Inspectors by orgaaiaiag aa exklbiiioa of aekool pla 
would oBcr anotkor aaggeatloa. Wky aoi orgaalaa aa odi 



122 



LITERATURE. 



[Febnmrj 



FRAGMENT OF A HYMN TO APOLLO 

(PxiLxrBtusuD)* 



I. 

OOM, kU 7* llMM. 


' Utytnewt- 


PniM Ua with aliMclBff, 


fta^MvIoe 


Pniao hUn, yoor broUwr, 


«ri«WV- 


Ooldeo-lwlrad PhuriMH, 


UtmiptX- 


Cjatkiaa. Daliaa, 


♦f« tf^ 


PaiM ApoUol 


notipav. 


PniM hin. tiw holy 


U iMi <U»- 


lUanter of hill-U>p«, 


fiyia na/>- 


Who on tbe twin-pMked 


fmfcilot 


Kocky PkroMMM 


rifft* Ttri- 


CiMUMUiiiUklchaMt: 


pat Upa»a 


Who with the Pythian 


furi (Xvroiiii 


PriMtM and Midea 


ItXfittr 


Oaudi the CMtnliaa 


KafTaXUot 


Ylrg^ml wnXan. 


IvMpe* 


Praiw him vhu d«raUa by 


tdfUiT ivi- 


Oiw>utF«pringiag fountains, 


viciTtU 


Loxiaal DalphianI 


^\fiy iri 


Biding for ever 


wpAva luof 


High on Um frowning 


nlevlfi- 


OtMOlar steep. 


wm¥ wiymi ' 


II. 
Hail to thoc, mighty 


T\ipa xXvrti 


City of Athens t 


lityaXkwoKii 


She the aaeooqaend. 


•AM,, i» 


She la her amoar 


Xai'tfi fpi- 




irXoio vai- 


Tritogeoeia, 


ouea Tpt- 


HoMa thee in aalMy, 


rmrilot 


Peoeed with th' inrioUte 


tintw t- 


Bound of thy plain. 


f pOMTOr * 


Kiodle, HepliH stus, 


iylc, ti Pm- 


Fbae for tby altar, 


luiaiv 'A- 


Holy the oOering, 


foiirrot aUi- 


Holy the ttel 


011 Wwv 


Thaa shall yoong bollocks 


lillIM ro<- 


Bam. and tbe fragrant 


(mv  i^ 


Orient ineease. 


U yiy 'Apa^> 


Writhing and soaring, 


IthM it 'O- 


Wnathe the fannortal 


Xv^ror dra- 


Otynpian hall. 


Kiivarai ' 


ni. 




Shrill. shriU the Sates that 


XeyttiXM- 


8li« forth their aUver 


rhfifk^M, 


Soag'toanasie 


taU»Mt 


ShifUagaad ringing 


ld\m%P^ 


MelodhMS ebaog*. 


U^tpitu- 


8«Mt the swift aoogof 


tf^ia 


Lyras with their «DklM 


t' UMpcm 




(Ma^t Im- 


SeoBdlMtiwMeiai^ 


rottfir itta- 


tvj«^t«- hvao. 


iiiXrirai ' 



personal IDIcwi 

ARCHBISHOP BENSON AS A MAN ( 

In the copioos animadversions on tt 
career of Archbishop Benson which the pi 
son's life of him have called forth, I hnve 
ence to his claim aj< a ])erHiKtent and ni: 
This is very natural. The greater exclude 
the meritorious but imperfect author is p 
the active politician and the predominni 
general view of the Archbisho]) could afl'o 
of proportion, to dwell long ujwn his auth< 
wafi not only remarkable for quantity - 
nearly sixty separate works — but in' <juali 
a certain individual substance, irregularly 
uneasily produced, indeed, but individur 
inclined to think deserves special literar 
The bulk of the sixty publications was n 
all — occasional sermons, addresses on techi 
pastoral letters, " Communings with tl 
Public Schools" — these are not supposed t 
by the pen of a j)erson ; they are official f< 
of devotion, perfunctory or inchoate — in 
gether outside the bounds of literature anc 

But those who had the privilege of co 
with Archbishop Benson, soon became av 
were two men in his intellect. There wi 
active, efficient prince of the Church, who 
using conventional language for business 
absolute fluency, who did not disdain the f 
the smoothest pebble of outworn speech wl 
required of him for public uses ; and there 
intensely imi>atient of the common-pla 
express thought in language of the dos 
delighting in the effort to clothe his expre« 
new garments of colour, music, and light 
was a highly successful personage, who I 
history of the Church ; the latter was ^n i 
figure of a partial failure, infinitely 
appealing to those few who delight in 
processes of imaginative life. For this all 
scarcely glorious Benson I crave a few moir 
while we leave the Primate to his splendid 

That Archbishop Benson's efforts as an 
were not widely recognized before his d( 
surprising when we consider that tbe mi 
them were almost wholly posthumous. Tl 
be studied in his " Cyprian," in his *' I^tU' 
very curious and imi)erfect poems whic 
scattered throngb the biography. When \» 



Fcl)ruary 10, 1900.] 



LITERATURE. 



\ 



Dean celebrnti'd for the f;orf;eouiini>M ofhii rtyle: "Rather 
thnn write like that," he wild, flinpine down the book, 
" I would exprexH myoelf in mnthomikticnl fortnulai." 

Something; of thiH determinntion to he trae and 
peiToniil, even nt the exiK^nse of Rrace, ii seen directly 
we o|)en the •' I'yprian," but it i» diticovered in itn quiddity 
in the extractn which Mr. A. C. Benson f;;iveii from hii 
fntherV HtrcnuouH mid Homi'times nlinoNt wilful Diary. We 
have, therefore, nt last full material for forming a judg- 
ment on the Archhinhop'g intimate and penonal manner 
of writing; it proves alwayR curiouH and worthy of attention. 
Adinirahle I hardly dure to call it, hut noticeable alwayii. 
Its hard nena and (often in the "Cyprian") its obscnrity 
neem to lie the result of a determination not to pay out 
his Ix'st thought!' in a deba8»>d coin, in the greasy copjiers 
of conventional religious verbiage. Hence Archbishop 
Benson attempted to restore what seem forced and 
obsolete meanings to wonls, treating Latin, moreover, 
much as Carlyle treated German, though with far less 
success. The incessant strain after the primitive and 
jwsitive signitieation of each word, not being aided by a 
native gift of grace, produced a metallic effect, and a false 
impression of density. 

Archbishop Benson was, in fact, exactly what the 
Spaniards of the seventeenth century called a eulttrano, 
a purist who bniveti the accusation of being affected, if 
he might only secure an incessant impression that his 
phrases were fresh mintages, peculiar to himself, the 
natural body to enshrine the soul of his individual 
thought. He had the sincerity and courage of a great 
artistic writer, only, unfortunately, he was not an artist. 
Hut his conscientious labour lifts him fur above the mass of 
])eople who write in a mould, and make no etTort to escape 
from it. In him the effort must have l)een unceasing, 
for we see the contortion of it ; as we do, very curiously, 
in the prose of his two most intimate literary friends. 
It would be an interesting task, but would take us much 
too far here, to investigate what there is, common to 
the style of Light(oot, Westcott, and Benson, which 
diffiprentiates them from other Victorian writers. Probably 
we should trace it back, in each case, to the influence 
of Prince Lee. 

Another interesting technical feature of Benson's 
work ivs an author is notable now in the light of his 
jxisthumous writings. He was more than inclined to be 
what it is now the fashion to call a symbolist. That is 
to say, one source of the undoubted difficulty and 
" obscurity " of his more serious prose consists in bis 
instinct for surrounding the fact or idea with suggestive 
clauses rather thnn mentioning it, by name, downright. 



\\t\ c^»tTiu ufrivinfT if\ T^lfi 



»V>o 



in trying to break up the depoaiis of eonvenll 
which are inrexantlj fortniog abooi oar n 
language, and detulening it, d— <nfM Um iiumI rti 
appreciation. 

The same instinct for " ajmbolinn,* in it* 
sense, is found to a snj carious degree in the y 
Benson. Thirty years ago be vrot* Um woBat 
Archbishop of 8yra and Tenoe— 

Koriettlnff Doloa' ske«i 'ssM oar tflai tmn. 
Robed like a porple wumlt, 

at St. Mary's, Nottingham ; earlier suU, lite stiBO 

beginning — 

Ulthrat esrewoll-tboaeaastMtaklMl 
This Und of mbt. it to not tklac 
I worship now a sannier shrlD*,— 
I worship Jove OapltoUne,— 

poems as unlike what one mtpecta from aa A 
prelate of the Mid- Victorian period as poasiMe, Yn 
much indeed like what one gets from a Belgian d 
of to-day. Most interesting of all are mmim m 
lyrics of the Truro time, which Mr. A. C Bea 
unearthed. In (larticular, " The Bawen Rock," « 
dated 1877, and which deals daikly with a rock ii 
of sea, girt round with sands, in which the Arcl 
makes strange and vain enchantments — 

My liynclntl>-bulb with iU porpllnf spire. 

My snowy narcissus, with heart at lire,— 

I gardened them both in the bitter sand. 

Id the littlo rock's shade by the westerly sUaad. 

My clay.«n>irclied poet, ny dead, dead Jagr, 
My silvor oroas that was wreadMd at play.— 

I was sure iboy wuuld straighton and mfle and th 
If thoy touched my rock's clear little elrclet of br 

The whole of this poem is pare "symbolism,' 
satisfies .'^t^phane Mallann^*s role ahoat such ver 
it should never directly name the subject of th 
reflection, but so guide the reader's mind as to ma 
as if by instinct, divine it. 

One hesitates to propose that there sboaM 
needless addition to the making of books. But 
A. C. Benson could find a few more of these od4 
and would add them to a collection of the qoeei 
least commonplace of those which he has alread 
lished, he might give us a very small book vhieli 
be quite a cariosity of literatore. 

EDMLT»fD 00 



Hotcs. 



Among the literary artJcloa la the 
we rofor to elsewhere or ■eatiaaed I 
interfstinr article in the SmitmtA Cmtmn 



be MIsa E 



184 



LITERATURE. 



pPebruary 



AaaUMT tuiUh Ib tlw ITimtmitA Omhiry b on " narmonle 
Utontv*" by Mr. JoM>pk H. Cbn«t<>, Janlor.wboM imnKinntlon 
ralkar tmm s««t with him. TTo «lluite« to tte power pbmmibiI 
^ M aaay Biulctani of rMJing from • •eon, and thu taklnir 
la tklrty Ubm at com. and ha trnggatU that 

It mav pnora poaalhla to il«T«lop, In litomtnrA. snmothlnfr 
•ppmarhinc the gitmlb of thl« power, ao triumphantly dl»- 
plar d in mmic. . . . Lot us iiuppoM> now that «-o b<>);In 
wltk wiMi »• aHiy mil tbo litomry eqnlvalont of « KJmpIo 
■■•lorty. My an ordiiury narrative. In tIow of the power 
diaplayad In mn*i(>. It tu'em certain that by irroiipini; tho 
adjMtlvaa and other qnallfyiaff words abore and below tho 
«<Mtda (|aalUI»d— aa It were in a ekord— each irroiip ooold bo 
aaiaad aa a wkole by the leader's eye and mind togt-thor. 

TMa sort of tblnic is pretty enoneh as after-dinner tallc, but in 
a dlmlfled maKazine. sandwiched between a sober article on 
Beetrlcel Emrlncerinr and another on Ancient RRyptlan 
Ceraaio Art, ita nakedness causes the reader a severe shoclc. 
It k needless to point ont that the thirty linos In a muNieal 
aeore are neoeasary. The different instruments could not play 
wlthoet them. la literature thin iit not so. And if the score is 
not a neeeasity would it he a luxury ? After years of incessant 
toil a reader miirht aooufitom himself to a literary score. VMiat 
then? He would not catch the spirit and Rist of the book 
any more quickly tlian he could before with the most elementary 
knowledire of the art of skipping. There are, we believe, 
(rantleiueu in Fleet^etreet, who, looklngr at linos as they are now 
printed, ean take in at least 11,000 at onoc, and after\\-ard!> tell 
the world wiuit tliey are about. 

• • • • 

Ijuly Randolph Spenoer Churchill's ttuinptuous quarterly 
(Lane. 21s. n.) is, thia winter, a particularly interostinR num)>er. 
It Is, of course, full of war. Mr. Stephen Crane frives us " War 
Memories " full of •♦rw. Mr. Stephen Wheeler comimres 
" Sikhs and Bonra." Mr. David Hannay's article on " Our Boa 
FlKhta with the Dutch " is picturesque, and incidentally tho 
author points the way In which Holland may yet become part 
of a new flrst^rato naval Power. " Some Battle Pieces," by Mr. 
Sidney Low, is an apt reminder of tbo bravery of other days, 
while Mr. Spenaer Wilkinson writes " On the Art of Going to 
War." aa doea Mr. Lionel Phillips on tbo " Past and Future of 
Soeth Afriea." Dr. Garnctt repreaenta literature with a critical 
and landatory analysis of Paolo and Frantxtea. Tho Rrrieic is 
ttnmg in Action. In " Talbot of Ursula " Mrs. Athcrton gives 
na a dererly written tale freighted with tho seductive atmosphere 
of Old California. Mr. de Vero Staepoolo sends an excellent 
alory. and there are otliers of equal merit. In her ono-act play, 
T%t Mmtif^ S-fd, Mias Laurence Alma Tadema shows a somewhat 
aoarlnf ainMtioa, bat no very satisfying accomplishment. Mrs. 
Blahop writes of " Chineae Doctors and Their Medical Treat- 
BMnt " with knowledxe and inalght. Among tho poets Mr. W. 
H. Mallock aenda " Lacretios on Life and Death." reproducing 
in the BMtea of OaMr Khayyam Tarions portions of the original 
poea. espec ia lly part* from tlie third hook, and Mr. Edmund 
Ooaae eootributes " Poor Poeois Written in Norway in I8i» "— 
perhaps a little too soggestive of " album verso." Tho illustra- 
tioaa ere admirable reproductions from portraits by old master*. 
Oeorge Canning at the age of 17, from the painting by Oains- 
horongh in tiM eoUeetioa of the Marquis of Clanricarde, is very 
hean ti ftri. The yonag Oanning, howerer, looln quite equal to 
wrftiac the wnoderfally staid, area rather pragmatical, letter* 
which deilfhtad hia elderly IHaod, Henry iohn Richman. Those 
l a tt e ti are eontribnted by Oaaon Bareo, who tells their history. 



papil* at Longworth. and both he and his wil 
fever from visiting in the parish during a acTCi 
wife died, all the aerrants, the doctor, two ol 
one of those who reoovered lost his reason ; 
accumulated sadneaaca tho fnthor knew 
reoovered. No one would go near the vicarai 
nurse waa the dead wife's mother. Ho left Lc 
Blackmore was sent to Blundell's School, Ti 
particulars of that school he has immortali 
not mentioned tlio bullying and more thn 
treatment be met with there, which laid tho f 
fearful h(«daches from which ho sulTorod in afi 
his career at the Biir impoHiiible. The prcsen 
a day I>oy at Blandell's, and knows some of t 
a youth he was keenly obser^-ant of nature, 1 
plant. Ho knew all the best trout pools ai 
after trout as Charles Kingsley. He was 
scholar, although he took only a 8cM>ond-, and h 
in all his books. A " .Saturday Reviewer " 
hearing that the horse of " Cripps the Can 
tail like the divine horses of Achilles. He ( 
In some translations, which appeared in Frau 
Oxford he tried sclioolmastering for a 8lif> 
roa<l for the Bar. He married a lady of Porli 
who predeceased him by about a doion yoars. 

His fruit-growing at Teddlngton wn.s 
expensive hobby. It never paid. Some yc 
not pay the mere wages of his gardeners. 8< 
of vino pruning and pear grafting hew-roto bo 
« rule, ho was well paid, bnt all tho mom 
garden and never came ont. Either the soaa 
there was little or no fruit, or they were gn 
so much that It did not pay for the gath 
England, as all who have read his hooka ei 
hold Its climate in high scorn. Ho used to sa 
frosts ended on the 24th of June and the ant 
on June 25. Ho loved his vines, hnndled < 
spoko to them, as if they understood him. 
varieties himself of strawberries, pe^rs, peio 
and always bnnght tho host stock from Bunyi 
(a Devonshire min), or from the best nnrserl 
Belgium. He had a finer scorn of tho tssto of tho 
for fruit than of the English climste. Pf 
grapes must be large. Tho tnate, flavonr. odi 
which ho was a keen judge, mattered little o 
had a poar of a pcculisrly fine and delicate cm 
to say, •' It is too good for the British public 
no doubt that between Toddington and Covei 
grosaly swindled, aa occasionally he found oi 
eere* of pear trees, peach trees : aUs ! those vl 
ao long lovod, are now left, and destined 
and the land to grow instead bricks and moi 
strt«ts. Ho waa too good a master — with i 
employed a wayfarer because he was a D« 
winter when he did not want him, and as soor 
round and ho did want him, tho fellow lo 
notice to »-ork on a railway. 

His kindneaa to animals and birds wa 
Dogs lovod him, pigeons followed him aboi 
built in a bole in bis garden well one year, an 
well over lest the yoang ones, when they beca 
should be drowned. From the plsnks over th 



February 10, 190U.] 



XITERATURB. 



rtt 



hb 



tt ftitlnrain^rralt 



not to Miy niMtiniito 
Htk\»\i\K." 

I>r<m<> will hU forto nn<l rflnw) biHfolhlo. LooclMflOlUTatod 
tho thniikl<-<<H iiiiiHx not. on a llttio ooIh, Imt on a faw uMptw 
nnd |H-iin<, Himmiin hy Mi'limlrr, KrinKillOi tlH> nluMMt p«rfo«t 
triinxlntion of llio Ui^ny^U-H, all fell vnry nearly Mtoho dMul, 
HIh nnonttorH nnti niOKtof HIn mon« liDnMHlliil<< mnlo reUtlve* 
woni <-l<<ri;y. anil ho liail n liountlleMi renpM't for • vl4«r|ryiiMn 
of tho i^hmI old sort, lio iliil not ImII*v« In what Im^ calltMl 
tlio nioilorn cra/<> for oduciilinn, and h0 bated with hln wholo 
HonI anything ap|>ri>iu'liin|; thn "new woman." Tennis, 
liockoy, and hicyi'loM for u-oinen were to him anathonw. 
Tho Into ProfoMsor Owon wnn one of hU (•loMwt frii'iiiN. 
In Aniorlcii ho was hold in hijfh «'-tiiMii. KIh Itookx wi>r« 
I>ir«to<l and road thoro liy tho thoiiHnnd, nnd in that li« waa 
n follow Hufforf>r with I'arlylo nnd KuHkin ; but noitbor of 
thoni |)rolMibly rwcivod an olTor of umrriaKo from Aniorlra. 
Mo hold tho Chrlatian fnith hunihly, with aonio " honcnt 
doubt." " It Ik not m> inuoh what I Ik'Uovc nH what I wiah to 
l)oliovp " — hut ho dio<l and \vn« hiiriiil in it. (Sot! r<^t hi* 
8oul ! tT<< In of llioso of whom RnKhind may l>o ))roiiil, nnd 
thoiiKh tho Victorian n)io hax had m>iim> ((r<>at4>r, yot it has had 
none piirtT, hoiiostor, more loyal to (ioil and tho Qiiooii than 
Kithnril l)oililiid(;o Blaokiiioro. A. K. 

« • • • 

Tliat bu(;l>onr of author*— -or rnthor of aomc ant horn —tho 
liookstnll niono|ioly of Messrs. W. H. Siiiilh and Sons, is to Iw 
disotissnl at tho noxt Roncral lucctinj: of tho Society of Authors. 
Tlio ({oiioral o|)inion of poopio who know tho book tnulo Is that 
that monopoly, thongh it may oocnsionnlly irritate an individual, 
doos on tho wholo inoro Rooil than hnrtn. It simplifies tho 
distriltutinn of l)ooks. and also choa|M>ns it in n way whioh wo 
i-an n»nlizo if wo try to iinaf;ine how niucli additional tinio nnd 
troublo and cost would \yo involvoil if every liookstnll linil to l)o 
visite<l separately by every publisher's travellers. It eertninly 
vould Imj much Iinnler in such circnmstnnces than it now is to 
^;et Itooks exposeil for sale in out-of-the-way pinecs. There may 
l)o linr<l cases, but wo aro quite sure Hint, on the wholo, Jiook- 
stall monopolies make for tho greatest happiness of tho frreatost 
number of authors. 

•    

The Director of tho Gorman Theatre iii London showed a 
eortnin literary pn>priety in flrst pn>seiitinK a play by L'Arroii){e, 
nnd followintr it up with one of Kiideruiniin's dramas. U was 
1,'Arroiijre who in his Ffanfmiiniu Tiichtcr (1877) coneoivtsi 
ilio idea of piittiiif; in juxtaposition on the staee tho wealthy 
inhabitants of tho Vm-cUrhaiis nnil tho |>oor dwellers in tho 
lli)itrrh(i>'t, an idea which Siidennanii made his own. and 
orystallizo*!. so to speak for all time, in his masterly work and 
flrst dranintie success Dif Ehrf (1800). As every one knows, the 
sliiins of Berlin ar«^ not confined to particular quarters of the 
city, but pmctically occupy the back parts of tho Kteat barracks 
of fliits. even in tho most fashionnblo streets. L'Arronfio 
describes his play as a T'«J'»t''f'' (domestic comedy) and desires to 
einphnsize the fact that such things hapficn every day. But ho 
presents no problem, and in the end charity and loving kindness 
prevail in the e<KKl old fashion pivscribetl by niolo«lrania. 
Sndommnn broiiRht to his task a subtle insight into the wi'irkings 
of the human mind, a |>ower of plot construction and of cndowinR 
indlvidnni )>assions with universality of which his prcdocc«aor 
was wholl.v !ncn)mblo. 



■:• ij-t 




MlMNalkl 



to a^Mb itM- 
ipfOVoknl nufh 
tOMSMaMMI- 
— WIU MTT* M  I 

• • • 

Krita Heater waa not  dtwMitJat,  

from hU meeteiplaiiie of namiliTr, " I't i 
for tb<« »la|p> a« OnM BriUif, eelb tor  
drama. But the eharart<T of Brialg la 
ami It was playe<i (|alie adMlraMy t^ Ja 
out forcibly tho huinoar, rflcnltjr, and 
of the iiian who in bi» llfn ' 
hat," wh<> knew all altoui lorn beee— e be 
tbree irirU at once, who hatml abamn. and OMiy 
ererjr one as happy a* be was biinaelf. Wben tbe 1 
in IMMM It wan propbMled tbat Omktl BrtUtf 
benlah pcaalmUm from (tenaaay. Tbe pwp b e tj r 1 
been fuinile<l, but bis rreator raaMlna tbe (rratrat t 
Cierman literature, Krealer than Jran Paul or llei 
bis humour, while never failinic to bit It* nwrk, i< ah 
and manly, nnd thus akin to tbat of Chaaeer and Sbal 
• • • • 




AltbouKb poor actinir can ncnrcrW harai 
Kood actinic ran irr«<ally incrraae itt illnminatlagrpi 
to lie rofrrettcd that more hUtrkmIc talent waa ne< 
in Sndermann's OlUfk im WinM. The bi r o i ne 1 
one of Sudermann's flnest oreatlonB. b«t tbe aetn 
rMkllae*! tbe dramatist's meaning. The cfcrt of RM 
pr«Mient vitality on that of Klisabeth, wblcb had lieaa 
preaaed, thejojr — eren if only a mmnentarjr Jojr— of lev 
after yeara of alienee, was wholly niaaMl. Max Bel 
ever, as Elisabeth's husband, did tnW Jaatlee to t 
beauty of the last act, which is to some eilcal rem 

Ibsen's Ladv from the St». 

• • • • 

But despite the shortcomings of the players, al 
literature can only be grateful fur an opportunity I 
them to learn something of the worka tbat plaMe O* 
goers. And in judging these perfomanoea we aboali 
that hing runs and ext>ensive moontinfr arc alike i 
Germany, that tho dramatic critica are invariably  
ment and culture, not afraid to speak oat. and that 
plays aii> publishnl and in tbe bande of all at tba 
their pnxluction. If the largo andienee wbo ware ao c 
on tho °tirst evening beoone racniar aUaadaBta. U 
theatre will soon hv a penaaneat InatltaUoa. Bat oi 
wc have our doubts. The pro|iortion of BB|[liab playii 
support can be counted upon must be fHalL Will t 
colony keep the entertainment going by themaelwa 
rate tho thing is twins irivea a very fair trial. 

* • • • 

In " Books of To-day and Books of Trvmnrrow ' 
dclightfal parody of " MrTio's Wbo." Tho followi^ 
particularly clever and topical : — 

INGRAM. Sir William. Proprietor of lUadrmi 
Snn. S'rifh. Sntttr. Ac. rMM«Ml>aii: Sbortar adili 
Amicitia." lOm. Mntio ; " Daai B ph etao BpaarOb** 

8HORTKR. Clement King, late editor of lUtaln 
ynn. S'tirk. ,t-c. Founded tbe JipAcrr, 1000. / 
yicbolaa Breakspoar. 

• • • • 

I'nder the title •• GH .i»i Hi VapoH 

12 luclio I7W> " a fresh N i ment of tbe 



1 



186 



LITERATURE. 



[February 



were mvrv that Iho rspitnUtian, BMde mnb* dayn lioron> with 
OudtMtl Kaffo ami Ibo ri'itrraenutivpii of Ibo allicU Powm, 
■■■pMldlBit for IIm> dorUUm of King Fonlinaiul. Tbo 
el tlw MMM of Nrlwin ami tbo enormity (if the tliiiif; 
p It Impitmitilo to mo to tliinic that tlir i;rcnt Ailiniral 
to <l«>'<«it to p't tlio aliliormi Kopultliran^ out of 
tlw forin into hi* iio^-pr. I mu«t now uniliH^oivo mviuMr. Tlio 
i ir"—"" ' of Michoroox'ii, wbicli now (or tho llrtt timo •ro* tiio 
light, niinw pvpry (lonlit, «n<i, notwitliitnmlln}; its Rront 
■HMlemioa of (>xpn^«ion, wapplio*, if I miHtalcc not, t)io laxt 
and iMlnit4> frorti npon tlM> argaincnt. 

• « • * 

Piorrp Loti haa brea aeardiiiig for local colour in the Hamo 
Aalds aa Mr. Kipling's old hunting ground. Kipllni;, of rounu*. 
took tJw laipiTiai \i<*w of India, drvoliiiK a« much attvntiuu to 
tlie Aagio-Iadian aa to the natiTP, but Loti (so nays a corrv- 
. of the MadnuMttil qnotMl in thi> Hometeard MoU) has 
e " to aas Bativc life, not how Kuropoau;* live in India." But 

aattmitiM at Trevandrum Nciin to havu Uh'u Kubliiuoly 
of tlio novcli<tt'<« \vi*ilH~t. With duo iK>uip niid 
Loti was drirou in the carriage of the Malinmja aw far 
away aa pomiblc from anything aavage or pirturfsquo ; to t lie 
■ebool of art, only to And pnpila learning to draw in tho manner 
of South Kensington ; to the golf linlu ; to a foiuitain not uiiiilco 
tke foantain* at VerxailleK ; to a perfonnan«> of French muwic in 
the kioftk : to t lie Zoological fiardcnn. During thiH rain iiearch for 
local colour Im> w^^t hoard to remark that he had seen tigers in 
o eage in Kurope. Finally tho Commandant of the Nayar 
Brii^de offered to give him a parade. " Many th«nk<<. Monsieur, 
bat I did not voao to India to ace troops. Truly uv have enough 
of them in Kurope," «aa the reply. In the end Loti was olilige«l 
to walk lb£ ntreetii alone in order to listen to the tom-tom. Such 
are the penalties of greatness I But perhaps Loll derived some 
oooaolatian at Mnttoncherri, where he was rewarded for two 
wtMiie day* by the aigfat of black Jews. 

• • « • 

M. Deschanel's address on his reception at the .\cad<<mie 
siaa of political rather than of literary interest, and we ne<xl not 
dwell npon it. His predecessors in the " 24th armchair " have 
been. In their order, Bobi-Robcrt, Segrais tho translator of tho 
Georgics, Campistron, a writor of forgotten tragedies, Des- 
toocbea. author of "Olorienx," Abbtf Boissy the eilitor of the 
Oas^Udf fmivf,Rainte-PalayfMl the author of the" Dictionnaire 
des Antiqnit^ Pmncaisea," Champforf, famous mainly for 
cpigraaw, Xarie^oseph Ch^nier, Chateaubriand, the Due do 
KoaUloB, aad Herv^. The unfamiliarity of the greater numlier 
of tbeae namen is interesting evidence of the ephemeral character 
of literary fame. Before making his sp<>e<-h, M. Deaehanel took 
If— DIM la eloentton from M. Puingard. It is nn example from 
which aCf of our men of letter* might take a hint liefore going 
oa the lecture platform ; but it is no new thing in France, 
hill If sent for Talma to coach him in bis Oath to 
I the eight iM^ore his coronation as Emperor. 
• • • • 

A Fiftro interviewer has elicitetl the reasons why M. .1. K. 
RajraeHea, tboagh resolved to live the life of a religious reoluNe, 
haa ileelded to live it ontaido the monastory rather than inside. 
la the Irst place, if be beeanwi a full-blown Benedictine, his 
■Id have the right of choosing his publisher for him, 
not "aee " the leverend father in question in the 
' of litenvjr agent. In the second place he would, under 
It' unable to publish anything at all wllh- 



Our Paris Cormtpondcnt onnoiuices tho doat 
46, of M. Paul Calnuinn-L^vy, the head partner in 
house t>f this name. M. Paul Cainuinn-L^vy was i 
the governing Iswnl of the Htrrue tU I'arit, wliic 
haa taken tho ploco ho long held by the Rrttw li 
Under M. Calmann-Ltfvy's lilierai guidam-e, t 
LaTiaae and M. tianderax, have prevented this 
beooadngan organ of a hcIkioI, and liave <i|H-nod t 
all good %vork n|Hirt from any (Hmsidenitious < 
have dis<s>vere«l n>or(> than one pri>viously unkn 
caso in ixdnt was their publication of the oriKiniil 
of IVsrigonl life in " Joc<|uon le Cro(|unni," wlii 
now reading. Tho honao of liiyy wero chief ami 
of cheap Imoks in France. Matthew Arnolil, him 
of clioap books, quoted (>eorge Hand's enlogj' o 
the founder of tlie liouse.for his work in this din' 
he reuienil)ere<t thot George Sand of (vjurse 1 
3.C0 franc volume, but this una pretty soon folloi 
ch(>aper lKM>k nt 1 franc. M. l*nui Cnlninnn-I. 
brothers nnd a son to carry on the tniditions of t 
whi«'h from the start publislie<l t hi> works of Hi 
Sand, of tho Comto d'HauKsonviile, and of Mn 
Bentzon. 



EDUCATIONAL B0( 



GENERAL. 

The Now Act. 

There has soliloui l)een a constructive Ac) 
which has nian.-iged to build an c<liflco more ei 
nir thnn the Board of (^lucation Act, 1899. . 
Balfour has said, "everything will dejiend on t 
of its su;;gestiuiis and the spirit in which it it 
Mr. Fabiau Ware's Educational Reform (Mctl 
intenile<l to help in forming tho opinion of tli 
guiding the new <lepartment in the jxTformun 
The Ixiok suffi-rs from a rather formol nionotonou< 
a want of lucidity which will, wc arc afraid, nol 
wlioso interest in educational reform has yet ti 
But tbo matter is good, and any one wlio reallj 
how c<lucation stands to.<lay should read it. Tlic 
n«lvantage«, and tho mctho<l of bringing se< 
of nil classes into the net of the lioard are fully 
county, Mr. Ware thinks, should form llie u 
e<lucational system, and it is a curious comment 
of our advance, and on the liaplm/aril way in 
each forward step, that an c<lucntionnl relornie 
pronounce School Boards to Ik> an anachronism, 
is, aa all s<'nsible iHlucationnlists must l>c, extr 
in his claim on lichnlf of local authorities fi 
secondary scnoids. Wliat is really im|>nrliint 
of the m-w m-henie Is that brond and iiitellige 
lie taken of the meaning of tslncation, and on 
Ware Is. wi> ni>eil hardly say, perfectly ortluslox. 
Ppo-Rafopmatlon Sohoola. 

In Kaulv VoKKNiiiKB SruuoLs, Vol. I. (Yor 
logical Hociety), Mr. A. K. I>-ach has iilitcil nl 
f>arly docunM-nts rrlating to the scImriIs at York, 
Ki|ion, with anelnliorale intrtMluction giving a ci 
of tliem. It is intended to trtvit all the anciiMit Y 
in like manner. .Vw he ri-nuirks at Ilie iiiils«-l, I 



Fchnmry 10, 1900.] 



literati; RE. 



rliiiri'lics of M-fiiliir fniioiiH, wIhmx lM'};iiitiiii|(« Aro ftroiUMiMl nn 
)(n<>itMiiiK or liHit ill lf^i>iiil. Tlii> tlin-x <icIiim>I<« iif York, 
K«tv<>rl<-y, 1111(1 UI|M)n, I ilu not lii-nltatu to ulllriii, cxixUtl iM-forn 
tho Noriiinii C'oii<|uo«t« 

lt> IH triiK, nn Mr. lA'iu-h nnyn, tlint tlio hlxtory of nitr ({rnmitwr 
<'li<M)lii ttMuU on Inquiry to rm'fHio fiirtlii'r an<l furthi'r into tbo 
IMiHt. Honin of thoni, undonltttHlly, owo thi<ir origin to tli<< |M>rio<l 
of tho l(<>f<irinntion ; ni<)r<>, in all proltuliility, Imvo n nim-h nior«< 
iincicnt liinlory, iinil nminlalnfd thi'ir conlintiuua cxlatcnoo 

III) >;'■"■>(' "><* >'liiin)(«*H of tli<« Hixt«<4>nth r<>n(iiry. Mr. Lesoh 

.ipiM'iiN to nil ciiNliHlinnH of ancient tlounnit-ntN to iillow thMB to 
!>•< •■•■.'tri'lK-tt for KUfli liKlit iin may bo obluintnl from reCwencM 
lo schools, or to iMij-iiicnlH mntlo in connexion with tliom l»«'for«' llio 
ro'i^ii of l<;<l\vai-(l VI. Wo hop«< tlint tho ap|M>al will not Ih- in 
vain, though tho atttMupt to trnoo tho continuity of Hfli<M>lH to 
thoir «>nrli(<!tt <layM nnist alwiiyH Ixi of nior«? intor«>!»t than im|M>rt- 
iinop, to wty nothing of tho difliculty of clutormininK how far 
chanf;i>N and now fonndations afleot » auboorii cuntiniious 
fxiNionire. lint n|Nirt from tbiii nerely autiqiwrian ami 
I'litiinontnl qni'stioii, ovcrylhinfc tliot lllustrnti^M tho ntalo of 
' Illy KM;;lish iMlnoation will Im< wolccmio. A» to ,theM«» .three 
rarticiiliir scIkmiIs, their eoiitinnnnce from the a-nrlic-Ht limi-n inoy 
Im- reifiii'ded as eertuin. It wiw not broken at York by the t(rant 
«>f the llorsefiiir Hospital, tlioiif(li that was n great event in tho 
history of tho scIi(m>I, or at iiipon by the grant of a elmrter in 
1.Vi.">. At Beverley the Htate of thingM Im by no means so clear. 
UocumentM liavo iMirished, and the historian Im for sonic timo 
re<luce<l to inferenc-o. Still Mr. L«<ach is able to show, wo should 
say, conclusively, that a contiiiiutnce ortler must have Ijcon 
made, iiml that (he school somehow snrvivtxl notwithstanding the 
apiMirent failnre of the to\viis|)eople's petition to Eahviiiil \'l. for 
the erection of n fr«>e grammar schiwl. In short, the reforming 
party dealt tenderly with tho schools, the numl«'r and tbo 
iintir|Mity of whicli suggi~it thot even the Dark Ages wer«' not 
qnite so dark iis they hnvo been |Hiinte«l. Inoidontally, Mr. 
I>>aeh disiM)s<>8 of tho contention tbot a " fi*co " school means a 
scbool frco from evelesiastlcal control. 



Tho JocRXAL or Education for 1809 is the best procuroblo 
reoonl of the ediicntionnl events of the year. May wo suggest, 
however, that the lM>und volumes would Im> iiioi-*' manAgi>flbIe, 
and consequently men- useful, if tbo advertisomont pog»>s were 
omitttMl from them ? 

The Iaxikal Basis of Kdicatios, by .T. Wellon. M.A. 
<Mncmillnn, 2s, «<!.), is pjirtly historical; partly technical, and 
jmrtly practical. The author attempts with fair success to show 
the ditl'oronee in mental standpoint of child or sa\-age and 
civiii7«<l man, discusses the nature of evidence, infer»>iice, and 
judgment, givi>s the usual tyix-s of pr«>|M>sitions, and, tinally, 
inquires into tli<> bearing of logic, on c<luoation in gi'in-ral. Tht> 
iMHik is basiMl u]H)n Mr. Welton's work at the Yorkshire Colk^c 
among students tniiniiig for the scholastic pnift-twion . Ti>acher» 
can harilly fail to learn something fmm this Inxik, which is l)oth 
lucid and inteivsting. though the s(>rious logician will nct^l nior«'. 
It is not meant for <dass work in school. 

Tho Headmaster of Hnileybury's little liook on tho Training 
OF THB YovNii IN Laws OK Sf.x (Ixngmnus, 'Js.tsl.n.) is intendctl 
for iMtrents (to whom it is dedicnt«Ml) nither than for school- 
nmsters. The latter, however, should certainly n-ad it for the 
candid and thoiightfid tone- spiritual witlumt a traco of cant- 
with wliich this verv diflW-ult sulii<>ct is tn>at<Hl. It is the most 



put or imumMm, bnfc givM 
ooursn of |i r oeed w . 



Mlvioa  



ENGLISH LITERATURE. 

»ii«llali UMmmv Mi«««nr. 

Thb Aui or JoHMMJX, by TImnom jiioomIw (Pi I 

l« aa« of a ■ericK uf Hnrallioiik* of fCagliak Liii<ralun> 

under Um Rcneral etlllor^bip uf Pmfraanr llair*. Ii 

which can not unlylm ■liullndwilb pnilll tmt rr«i| 

inlertitt, ibougb it i«, of i!a«riw>, unlikely llMt mmf »■« 

will allow that all .Mr. Hnoonmbd'a erltloU i atliMtw 

Our own opinion U that Iw ia St oaoe Mnfn tkaa Jw 

than Jiut to CiblMm. Ho itoM aol potel o«i ho« 

hiittorinn'it stately pbraaoa at* ■wnwl hf OaUla "aatf 

and by that S'omUifUmt* Ptniim wkldl k, M«a 

lieM'tting sin of tbo iie«r»|»per roportar «ad Uw « 

cominny proapectoM*. On the otiwr iMad, k* 4appa 

lienonal chamet4<r of the hUtorian in a MMUMr wklel 

hardly seem to lu to warrant. That b a aaaUl tmUmr, 

and only a matter of upluioa aflor all. Mr. MMOoad 

iiieiit of the Action of the eighteonth cmtmrf la WM 

praise. Wo particularly like his vimlicalioo oCSaolM 

Smollett Hur|ia«Mil Flalding, ftrat, aa a po ww f al < 

majiter of pathoa-an in t ho daat h acaaa of Coaaodora' 

where, amid aumo oiaggaiaUim, there la a thnfnwglit 

IMtbatic for«n ; aad, aaeoodly, in hi* •mployaoM « 

(leacription as a baek|p«nnd, aa in "Count FatlMi 

the picture of the storm coming on at nigtit in tho 

the forest, and of the terror that oonvlraina VatiM 

the high road, roreala tho btent iinnginaliro mamm 

in th« author. Hut lH)tw*>en HmoUetl and l^altllntr 

|M>rliapM really more (loints of laatiniblauui than O' 

brotui etfcctire touches nn' in stroUK oonlrawt alik> 

austere realism of inchlenl and with R>cbar«lsai' 

r(<aliara of character. 

This is good criticism, ami Mr. Scecombo'e eriticiai 
novelists is uniformiy good. 

In tbo preface to The Htobt or E5<iu«h Lt 
(Methuen, 3s. 6d.) .Miia Kama Baliabary Mellow, aaya 
has tried to lielp^tho yowngwt atadenia "to take fil 
studying this too often neglected subject." With ' 
haa written a aimplo and unaffected acoount nf o«r ^ 
and has had the tact to givi* proBiaMMe to biugrapMa 
The young Philistine may at timea torfH the prepnatM 
that is being played upon him in l>rgiilling him In rr 
Chaucer, Sjienscr, Shakea|iearo, and all that lot. Bat (I 
boy who reada this book maat be earafUly watched. 
conceived in tbo right spirit. It eoataina a irood Hanr 
able stateinenta. Dr. Johnson 6)(ttm a<< a writer nf " 
anil nionotonoaa works," Dryden an a pnct "with no 
iinogiiiatinn" ! It hi Dilaltadlng to call Dryden a splcw 
tier without a qiuilifying word aa to the raralaaMaw of bb 
(tray's nnislml w«irk did not roqatro **aay apolagiai 
crudenesis." ■* The Borough " was not Crahbe'a laat pn 
account of (.SiblxHi la Incaapletcwitbont a witnl aliowthfa 
ful memoirs, and of MattlM*w .\molil witb<Nit the aaav^ 
his poems. It is arbitrary to say that " The Castle of In 
%ra» Thomson's flneat work witboat (ivlnic any rrmmm 
opinion, and that it is an a notreltat and playwriicht tl 
smith chiefly shines. But wv> mnat leave it to aebooim 
seiMrnto tho wbeet fron the chaff ia Mm Metlowa' boel 
will find It naifHl It they mm it with diaoctloik 



128 



UTERATURE. 



[Fekruar) 



I May b« i«>rl!a<Hl In future numbcnt of thU aeriea. It ia 
kl pily tkat tiM* liiK«> in ShaOcoHpoarc aro not nanberad 
aoaUMM«kl5-.aiiin.1bchylitiior8o|4Kwl«a. Thsnotea lnthiNM>rt<*a 
aro t^tv a paraphraap oC Ibr aonap, and tbex do not ro into 
dpiail a* to linKii>*ll<' )>aintii ; tlioy arc wpll KUiiod, in 
yMine chililn>u bpifinniiiR Rhakeapoaro or for 
itarjr ariK»>l» rat her than fi<r tlio hiKlMat tomiH in pulilic 
Btmi for thoM*, howvvcr. wc thinic morp miglit luivc 
of MMHc |ioiiit« with ailvantaRo. Th<>ro miitht lio 
a lllllo lntollls<Mit <>\|ilnniilion of tbt> ohararloro. Airain, if it iw 
tkOMittit a<tv!«altli> ti> explain tlio l'iiili<<K, it ou);ht to Im> 
•Xltlaincit that tbr Urook* did not r(><<ofpii*o throo Imt one, that 
Ot Action, from which the other two follow more or Iciw. Our 
invatcr lilicrty in Tinio and Place in due to the accident that wo 
kavo a curtain to help the illuHion. The ^reat feature of thiH 
•diUoa U tlio pictures, and. on the whole, they nro quite 
atrrir ful The eOKtuines np|>eflr to have lie<>n carefully ittadicd, 
■ad a child will certainly learn a pmd deal from them. Thcro Is 
distinct character in Kiiifc John*H face, anil the Koman pictures 
in Julitu Cirmtr are capital. We do not ko much caro for 
Shykick. but the Kainec<ins<'ientiou<< care is ohowii in the pictures 
to bis play as in the rest. Ottr criticisms aro duo to tlio interest 
«e take in this very useful Mlition. 

Mr. A. W. Varity ih already wall known a<i nn editor of 
Shafcaapaare, ami bis As Yor Likb It in tha " Pitt Press 
8haka*paara for Sciiools " (C'amliridKO University Prow, Is. Od.) 
laaraa notliiaK to be deHired in point of fulneiis. For advanced 
or aTen sixth form boyH preparing for soma stiff 
Jaatlon, this hook would he just the thiiiK : but it is 
too elaborate, in our opinion, for middle forms. These would 
he better suite«l hy the " Swan Shakespeare " Just noticed : 
indceil. titc volumes of the Temple Kdition contain nearly evcry- 
thine that is really iieoeiuiary. Mr. Verity Kivea fiS pages of 
intmduclion, incliHliiiic Lamb's Tale of the play, 80 pages of 
notes, a icloaaary, and appendices. The «<1it!oii has one interesting 
feature— a number of extracts from Lode's " Rosalyiide," which 
will introduce the youtifr student to a kiinl of literature ha would 
parkaps uever bear of otberwiso. The c<litor's %vork is thoroughly 
IMUdoM. 



by aide with Mr. Verity's volume wo havo a book of 
a the aune play. It is somctimea the fashion anions 
iwbo wish to write an anoaing iMte for a magaxino to scotf 
■t literary examiiiatioa papera.and to ask, with a conscious ness of 
happy auperiority to the pedants who bavo to teach English 
literature, how a boy is tauffht to appreciate Hhakcspcare by 
baring to "explain with reference to context." We bavo littlo 
aivpathy with this kinil of inexpensive criticism. Rluikespeare 
■raet bo studied intelligently, and it is biKhl.v important to test 
tte w anlta. Ktill, it is important to get at a boy'a real opinions 
m4 taatea, and to lead him to discnaa aome general literary 
pri— Iplea, and this Is. perhapa. not enoogh recognised In Mr. 
Join Lee's volunios d QaeationB on different playa, pnbllahed by 
Allawnn, to which Qt'canoxs ox SnAKEsncAKK'a As You Likk 
It hak now been added. Bat Cor a critical and dotailod study of 
the pUy, aeeae bjr aeeoe, the book la very useful, not only for 
esaainalion pnrpoaes, bat aa a gnide to teachers. It is Inter* 
leaved. 




the new English books we give tho place of 
to LongMaa's Advakco* Baum (" Hblp " Literary 



wiah. The book is interesting (roai eoror U 
wlah it may prove to be th<> pioiMMW o( m aeries 
will icive soino adequate idtw of tlio wealth 
literature ; hero the Mi\t<M>iitli nml scwcntce 
untouched. 

An attempt is made t<i (111 the (;np In M 
8rr<-lMr..\s ok Knulikm Pkonk (HInckie. K. < 
much for one iMMik. Auioiif; the authors laid i 
ar«' liaeoii. Kuiiyaii. Hrowne, HkIiIioh. Milton, 
Hooker, Pepys. l>«>sUles others more moden 
s|ieciiiH>ii of Malory and one of Lyly. The cxti 
accordiiift to suhject ; each Is to some extent 
and interest ins: lioth for matter and form. I 
these are nearly all what we imiy call the cen 
wo should lie plad to see some attempt to 
collo(|uial wTiters who alioniided durini; tl 
seventeenth centuries, Biieh as Nash, Gri'eni 
Miss Hkeat apficnds to each piece a few " 
which arc rather childish. She does not dis 
matter ; thus " shrewd observation of chanict 
methofi in artrniiicnt " aro not notes of style, 
good, and we ho|>o this book will lie widr 
Cham1x>rs' Hiohkk Enourh Readrb is ad( 
intolli);ent audience. It contains chiofly ext 
history, or narrative jxietrj-, and wouhl suit tl 
ill elementary schools. Suite<l for clementjir; 
Ca-Hsell's Motlern School Series, Poctbv roi 
|>enny each, standards T.andll., III. and IV., V. 
numliers each group). Tho poems aro carefu 
the lowest standards wc aro glad to seo some o 
pretty child iiocms. 

Four of Nelson's Supplementary Readers ( 
well-known stories abridged to some eighty ] 
is GiLiivKB'a VovAGK TO LiLLiPUT ; No.fl, Hi 
StnTLKBM AT HoMK ; No. 7, Nklrox ok THK Xl 
and No. 8, some of Hawthorne's TANOLEwoub 

All these English l>ooks are illustrated ex 
The pictures aro generally intcrestini;. butCast 
quite coarse and ugly. Those in Nelson's Reader 
are not print«»<l on tho greasy, heavy paper wl 
of tho other books. 

Mr. K. E. Speight's successful " New Bg 
Marshall, Is. n.) now includes a well select* 
printed Nkw ENOLisn Poktby Book (1), cont 
Spenser to Swinburne, with a gloaaary. 

In the "University Tutorial Series" ( 
Wyatt's e<1ilion of Ohaiceb : PaoioouB 
Tal»:s (Is.) should lie useful. The text is snpph 
quale (jlossary by Mr. J. Matins. The iiitnxlui 
deal of Information into n short space. Mr.Wyi 
Arnold's well-known estimate of (.'hnucer. H( 
Dryden's praUM> of him as a motrist. Drydeii 
the miller's tale, 

AVIiisinge she was, and joly as a r 

I^nK as a mast, and upright as a 

as perfect^examples of tho heroic oouplot. The 

piece of work. 



CLASSICAL^ 



New Oxfopd Texte. 

T. 1... I k . 



Jt.;.-.wlt» t^ V...II.I. 



February 10, 1900.] 



LITERATURE. 



oo«t twiM M mnoh u the Tmibnsn. It rannot b« denied, 
however, that they »re worth It. The type and bImlInK are all 
that could b« (Itmlrcd. We note one Improvement which ought to 
tH< n<li)pt<>(l In all roprlnta of atandanl book*. There la no paffinK : 
but nt tli<> top jyirmird of tho paRon nro the Nlnnilnrd r«'fi'r«<ncca 
of thi< b<N>k ill i|IIohI1iiii. TIiiih, In Ihc I'lit(o wo Mf S(i'|ilinnua' 
pn);(')) ; III 'riiiii\V(li(l<<H, IxHik and clinpItT ; in I.iirr<<tini>, ImmiIc and 
lino. Kiich (oxl iH ruiindi'd onan iiuli'iM'tidcnt Ntiidyor tho .MHS., 
iinr blindly followii a ^iildo howovor rniiiouN. Th<> prlii<-lpli< 
olmcrvi'd i<i, to rt-fovor as nearly am poKslblo the r<>adlnf; of th«' 
bout M.S., not to rontoro what may have boon written by tin- 
author. An exception U inndc In the eaiio of K|)olllnf;, which ho* 
(joneroMy been roductxl to onlor and corrected by the aid of 
Inscriptions or grnnimorianii or known fiictn. A short preface to 
each volume d(»(icrll>e!i the chief MS. uutlmriticM for the text, and 
expiniiiH the manner of constructiiifc the pr«>Hent text. 

Tlio prcdont InxtAlinent of Plato contahm the first two 
Tetralogit>M, and Ih tHlite<l by Prof. lluriK-t of St. AiidrcwM. 
New ll({ht hax bo<>n thrown on the text of Ploto by the frapnentw 
found In Kjrypt by Prof. Potrle. Tliew often agree with the 
F'aris MS., but they aro careleiwly written and contain many 
blunders. The discovery 1», however, eneourafrinf;, tKH-aiise it 
showM thnt our MSS. of Plato are good. Mr. Burnet i» the first 
to publish the readings of " Marclanux," tho Veni«< MS., for 
the I'htrtlo and /'i>/i(iruj ; Schanz did not uso this MS. for his 
Phii'do. Tho editor ban thiw been ablo to restore tho true 
reading In some eases whore Sohanz haa mlaaod it; t.i., in' Phn-do 
78 A if likaipCrtpov where Sohans roeda ivayKatiripov. The more 
iiniKirtant various readings or conjectures stand at the foot of 
the iMigo ; tboy arc reducoil to al)out ono-flfth of Schanz's 
II piHiratu* criticut, 

Mr. Stiwrt Jones, as editor of Tliucydides, has had a harder 
task, which has boon done, in onr opinion, with sound judgment. 
The aame general principles arc observed, the chief M.SS. being 
aeleoted and descrilK-d, and an attempt made to restore the 
" ancient tradition " of Thucydides, without entering into the 
(luestion whether this was exactly what Thueydides wrote. 
Hence the rocont attouipts to prove wholesale corruption of the 
text by insertion of adscripts ore wisely put aside. The s|)elling 
is, however, restoivd oven against MSS. where it can be prove<l to 
bo wrong. Few will doubt, for example, that Thucydides wrote 
rp«If Kol tixa, not Tfnatailnca, The v i^iXt iwriciv is read sometimfe 
before a consonant (as in HI., 29) ; we know now from the 
inscriptions that its use was not so regular an the grammars 
would make it. Mr. Jones has himself collated tho British 
Museum MS. (M) and tho Laurontian (C) for imrts of the book, 
and wo see tmces of his independent work in some peaaages 
where ho corrects eiulior scliolara. Wo do not think, however, 
that r4 Ki»iy row iro\i;ioi> is right in III., ."Vl ; ri taiyiv, 
" war's surprises," is just tho sense rwiuiro<l. In III., .37, 
tJ <C airiv {vWirii, which Mr. Jones given, is better than 
r^ UvtAv ; tho phrnso rciuiiids one of ri)v U inov tmrpovMav 
lAntigont 85), and is not the only coincidence between Thucy- 
dides and Sophoidos. Horo as with Plato, Egypt has furnishetl 
valuable evidonco of tho sulwtantial correctness of the MSS. in 
» fragment from Oxyrhynchus. 

The conservative principle rules also in Mr. Bailey's 
Lucretius. It is needless to say that tho new text owes much to 
Lachmann and .Munro ; but Mr. Bailey is leas ready to mend by 
transposition, or to sup|K)se a lacuna ; very truly reminding us 
that Lucretius did not live to put the finishing touches to his 
poem. Lnchnmnn scrupulously kept the MS. spelling, though 
this was auit<> inconsistent. : in tho lln^«l>l1^ t£>rt " rnf.nnn<-n..:«....«. 



1*1 



MtfllKNiKk Iks Bnglkfc tjrp* popdMjri 

PonHM'a kuMl to leglMo. 11 to flMy. A 
mMto OB tto bMto ol Uw hart or Um PlfaMlOT* PMvto'Pl 
even ft wpyef Om totten toMwl la IMmtMUftU 
crate*. ptiMtolied in flntmi . mtmU. If Ike li«M 
n-w>lv<Hl, be  great lwpro*—»m im that «e Inivi>. 
Bell'e lUuMfvtMt -laalw 

.\li.Hnrs. Ib-ii have toot aaaoirenlu/ I' x^lr 

THAT(i>('LA..«ii K(UiM.eMkH-*'0»Mr,<. ..II. 

Liddell. III., by K.ll.<'.>lwni ami U. M.OajUnr ; "1 
ch.l-l«, by W.C.K. Wallop.; •• lUnnllHir. Klr»l Caai|aiigi 
(from Livy XXI.), by K.K. A.TnjTH: " Katroidw i. aa 
J. U. H|M<m-ur ; '• Heleetlona rnwi Nepn." by II. 
" Mrgil. .*i.cld. IV.." by A. H. WanMMi ; " ll<>r»r«, 
by C. U. BoUing ; "Ovid MotMMrphoaea. I.," by (>. 
ami " Selaetlooa," by J.W. K. P«m««. Tkmm books mn 
with or withoat voeabnlary and MolflB, tiw prie* ti 
without n<>i4<« iN'iiig U. Wo •troagijr adTlao tke gia* 
Mr. .Marcltani, to altvr tbv fonrnti of the bootot. T 
fairly clear, though We prcftv it tu ho lafBV, bet I 
l>(M>ks with scarcely any marxin am trying lo tlW tf. 
usually roalizod lluit much damage may Iw deaa |o I 
chihiren before any one OimIs II out ; hredanbw aM 
are often « reaolt of straiiHNi sight, and in ekotmliw a« 
the teacher should laslal ou large, deer lypn and gooi 
with plenty of s|>ace betwevn linen. A* ■oileh of wha 
book may lie wo would instait«< Mr. Maoi^hloD 
Catullus and Dent's Motlcrn LauKiuigoSeriaa; wan it i 
pa|M<r, we should a<ld Longman's lllnatfBtod daalee. 
little to rciiuirk in thene liooks, n-h|p|| are noatlj 
texts. We are glad to m-o |>art of the " MetamorpiMn 
them. Mr. Trayes" makes an Intereating book for • (f 
in lower forms. " Xcpos." boworer, we have alwayi I 
to lie simplille<l. The siorioa are admirably sailed 
cbihiren, but the I^tin is nflc« difflcnlt. The pk 
numerous, and add to the interest of the booka. Mo 
are taken fnim authentic sunrreH, which are indlcat*^! 
are imaginary. Wo find no fault with snch groups whe 
and weapons aro faithfully studied ; bat we are not aar 
the e<litora realiaothatagnodinany of Ike pietorea of S( 
w«irks «rt< founded on a gueaa. Tlie pleliifea 
repi>at<<d ; thus two books of Owaar will eoate 
pictur<>s, though a few (saeh as CaMar's portialt) e 
common. It is pleasant to S4<e that In the poetleal boot 
poets are quoted for illustration. It nwiltl be inloroek 
an alition of Horace or Virgil in which the ootoa ahOMl 
U>ng specimens of (1) Kuglish verse tnuialatiaaa, (^ 
imitations, (U) English illttstntiooii of the aatkors 
devices, rhythmical or laMginative. 

Ppom tho Or«ok Poeta. 

A charming volume is Mr. K. C. Maiehaat'i 
Antiiolooy— not the Palatine, but iiaiiwuia fMa t 
pocta ohoaon by him (Mcthnea, 3s. Od.). The pieeaa ai 
lyrical and dramatic. There to no Hcaacr, hteaaia 
Marchant truly says, two-thirds of Ike IUmI aad I 
Oilyssey should have boon prinled. Tka seaaa of Ba< 
the Pirates froa tka Hjnana, aoiM iptoBJai lam Has 
TlH^M!ritas. Blon, and Mameaa, • law epignHW— aMi tl 
practically all dramatic or lyric. Tka ooipnei'a pria 
to choose by the intrinsic merit of the paaaa^a aad tka 
value of the idea handled in It. This exciodni Ak 



ISO 



LITERATURE. 



[Febnin 



rv 



9.m.) 



A to«r w>(M M« Mldod, oxpUiiMtorjr and motrlc*!, «-{th 
Tpra* traasbtion*. when tbrtao aro gocM). Tho book li 
printed and will tx' dtvir to all who lovo flno pni-try. 



TtaM wttk Ml 



Mr. SaiwMont't Ktn'KTii OenaoK- or Viaaii., In RIackwood'H 
KM (!■. fld.). i» o\c«>tl<>nt. It N not ovoHiwd<>d with 
mttlMr art* thf>M< irlfilnK ; and tlio rarloiiH pointx, 
■Nrlc-al, or botanical, are •nmimyl up In n|>|icmli(<OH. 
I aa ImIm of pmprr nanm and one of On-^^k v-onls, tliorc 
la ft aew r<r<itur<(> in a •««loct list of word* which arc inl(>n>stiii(; 
etpwiloirimllT. and the editor** rtmarloi on thoao arc trt^h and 
•timnUtiii^. Two other appendicea kIts pa— gr ' from Arintodo 
hrarinic on natural hlatory, and thoae from Honior whirli am 
iaiitalcd in the toxt. In holh rnnra tranHlalinnH an> civon. 
Kron tho lltorarr aide thi» Imnk U <<Npo<'ially (tood, whothcr In 
rritipiom of \1nrirH Htvlo, or In JllnHlrationa fmm Kncli^li pootN 
iriT«ii In tbo nolra. Thoro are a nuniltor of llliMtmtionK. \v-ell 
c l wen, all esplaineii fully, and nomo printitl In coloura. Print 
and paKe>«Spet an> trond, oxoopl that a Humnuiry of tho toxt \» 
imel. ittalead of Itoin^r in tho ninrcin, and thix is unploiumnt to 
tkeejre. Knoh thinirM are ununited in vorso. But, on the whole, 
the book la the bemt wo have aeon of tho new type of ftohooll>ook. 
If Memra. Blarkwood keep np to thia alandard, their aeriea will 
stand hlsh. 

IntbeCAMaMDotSotna roaSrHootA ANi>TRAiNiNaCoLLKoni 
»i» hare " Xenophon. Annbaaia V.." bv O.M.Kdwnrda : "Oteaar, 
Gallic War. v.," bv K. S. Shnckhurffh: " Vircil. Aeneld V.." bv 
A.Sidirrick : and " Ovid. Scleet ions fmm thoTrintla," by H. F. M. 
Rtopaoa. Tlwae booka eoaUin abort introductions, notea, and 
roMtmlarr. Hie print la irood.hut the iinoa are too rloao in the 
Mnril. and InanfBcient marcina in all. The " Cn'snr " ia the l¥»st 
printed, and thia oontaina a eonoewaion to new taatea in the 
ahape of a few irood illn«trationa. Tliore are alM> two mapa. Mr. 
Sldswick expiaina hia Virffil with pusfo. and ho ia fortunate in a 
'--•W which delifclita the l»oy*a ainiple heart. Hia clear and 
• v^iiiatine atvio of annotation la well kno«ii to Bchoolmaatera. 
Mr. Sim|»»on aeleeta hia extraeta ao aa to illuKtrate Ovid'a life 
and eharacter and varioua antiquarian aubjeeta, such an a Koman 
tmnk or a triumph. The 1>ook la intereatinp, and «t> are plenMsl 
to aee that hia notea aometimea anjnreat without nnawerinc n 
f|ue*tioo. We do not like the plan of bracketinir elided vowela, 
wh'eh ia adopted in the earlier extmctx. Mr. FilwnnlH' 
" Xenoplion " ia «iell doj>e. We like eapeelnlly hia aympntheiie 
intrnrlnction and the ilinatrativo qnotationa in the notea on 
hiatorleal pointa Ha. Ad. each vol.). 

The laat number of the Pitt Preaa Soriea. Cicnio Pro Le<if 
Maxiua. br 4. C. Nicol. la like to the rr>it in aprtearance and 
content*. Tbw print la pood, hut to read it tries the eye aome- 
what. beeaam there i« too little manrin. There ia n clear and 
interevlinff hi«torical inl roil net ion .and Mr. Nicol adda In foot-not<>a 
ihe alluaion« to each ••vent which are found in the «p<'eeh. Thia 
i« a pooH idea. The book ia not overbnrdene«l with notea, but 
wiroe mi?ht <.till Iw diapenaed with, la it neee«aar>-, for inatanee, 
to tell a pupil that pmfrHn eomea from pnijtrim-nr, or to tranalate 
Htm femrlttm i There are full indieea. 

Mr. He'lram'a etiition of Cr.xAti. Gallic Wab, I. (lyoncniana, 
IItai(T«t<«l, la.fld.). ia excellent aa far as type and mart'in ••••. Init 
n„ )>,«.k andera fmm Ita hiphlv-plaretl pat>or. In art i' 
 -iM-<.iallr in aehoolmoroa. anch hooka are diflflcnit to i . s 

'h<- licM be canrfat at a certain anple. One advantape of 
the Iwer pace ia the wbv in «hich Ihe picture* show np. Thev 
are perhana a little better flni«he«l than IVH'n, but they look 
mnrh better. Kaeh pictnre haa a careful explanation of it, with 
technical terma. and aonrce. printed Iwneath— a po<hI idea. Ko 
hor will ever hnnt np an exnlanati'in. but he will take it aome- 
thww l»<f<ire be l« aware. If it be put nnder hia now. There am 
eimr WKum and plana, nnlea, and a vocahnlarv. The notea hem 
al«n are too fnll. Ia it neceaaary to explain rnllorafe aa 
cnnlracterl for nJInraritt  To »iW qMrmnur mipht lie Mided a 
n<i<e on the MM>a of q-uavt, which hoya never know ; here »^ 
are only I'dd thai ipiimi-* \m cnmmrm with f or /inim, Thia 

wwljM tranfa • ^tnm aiiMui w I M^Unr m-IiI, <,I<m*» t.lna. .^ ,mI..« t- 



"Crtbfc" 

Wo rather rejrrct to seo Bell 'a Claaaical Tra 
In parta at a KhillinK each. It Is to put temptnt 
boy'a way. But wxt can eon((ratulnt<< Mr. K. < 
aoholarly and matlablo version of Tiiii'ydidkh, V 
knows a (real deal almul Thiicydidcs, and n 
than Dale or Jowett ; and althouph lie can 1 
poaaaaa a mal style, in tho hoiiho that Noi 
L'Katranfro had it, hia veraloii ia lietlur than 
eonvci than Jowi'tt'a. With all his ruulta, ho 
" Leviathan " ]loblH>s ; but wv admit IIoIiIkw ^ 
in examinations. Mr. W.Hcadlam, in translutiiii 
or ^acHVLca, haa to etiit the text as well, and 
the book consists of textual not4>a. Ttieae will 
teachera, who will lie Intereiitod to aee one 
emendations of the translator's {e.g., 0-10,400); I 
of the play he se<'8 a lively altercation l>etwo 
which helps to explain tho niiriiptness of the < 
no s|Mcc to critici7« this book in detail, but it 
to the underatnndinp of a dilllcult and corrupt p 
Compoaltlon. 

IlKLra, Hints, and Kvkkcimkh for CiHIOCX 
Tiox, by C. K. Lawrence, M.A. (Clarendon Pre( 
taina some seven score exemisca in iambics. Tl 
lieen inpeniousiy made out of passapi>s fmm t 
A reference is driven in each case, and the lei 
to use theae paaaapea for phrases and words, 
the resf {wliii'h are mostly taken fmm Rnpllsh p 
are added. The id<'a is a pood one, and the Is 
to teach a )>oeticnl vocaliulary. It could only 1 
where Orfvk verse is lv>cnn early. In some 
until the sixth form, or the form iusl below : Is 
will have already a fair vo<'abulary, and minds 
and no such iiiternMvlinte slop ia necessary, 
useful hints arc pmflxed to the exercises. 

An TxTiinpiTTloN t<i Ohekk Pkcink Coi 
Pitman (Ma<-miliaii, 2a. (VI.), aims at teachiuj 
sentence by enay steps. Iiepinniiip when the ] 
Thi' explanations are simple and clear, and the 
fully made. We arc not sure, however, that M 
stands tho need for constant rejielition. Tb 
been alternative exercisea for revision or a li 
extra onea. 

A Latin Veaas Book roR Pri3*aratoby i 
Ions, 3s. (Jd.) ia by an experienced teacher of « 
can^fiilly pmpared. But it ia strictly on the 
tlioiiph it may materially assist a lioy of 11 
Tcr-M-a in nn examination. It will not do mii 
writing a means of training the intelligence and 



Messra. Maemilinn have added to their EIr 
a book of unseens (Pasraokj< kiir (•urf.k T 
LowKU FoiiMs. Is. M.), containlnp 200 short 
easy pie<'es. We welcome this liook, tlionph tl 
urpe apainst Hell's Illuatrated Claasica apply t" 
too amall. and there la practicalljr no marptn 

MODERN LANGUAGE! 

Fop Ppanoh Raadlnir. 

Itjiciiie's AriiALiK is admirably edited for tho 
by Mr. H. W. Eve (2«.). Tho Introduction I 
kind — lucid In style, full of facta, and never run 
The notea avoid tlia obvious, and are only Intro 
arc really ne<aled to throw lipht upon tho te> 
«U({ga«live parallel paaaapc fmiu the Greek i 
quoted. It ia almoat an ideal edition for um> in 

M. Hector Malol ia one of the few iiHMlern 



I'Vl.iiian 10, 1900.J 



UTERATURE. 



tloaU<iir " itiiuply ; ■* lo mMeoin " U aIm umI ; M. le mMocIn 
iiovor. iit<r K*">Ki'i>l'hy I* •1><> wrong when ■ho toll* na that 
" from Vi'voy t<i Vllloncuro the ithorv In crowilo*! with hoUiU, 
rilliiH, nnil hHoiin." It In only fmin C'Urt'iui t<i VoytAUX thnt It U 
no crowdiHl. Y«<t, In »p\Uy of tho)«« orrom, hor odItInK, on the 
wliol)', l» wiliifactory. 

Mr. Ai-noM'H uiM>ful llttiv Mirifx of Kr<<ni'h rotutini; ImkiIoi, 
wlilcli liii:|ii<U<N ni'lcH-tlniiK from DiiinnH, iintznc, IIiik<i, niitt othor<*, 
now conipriiM" n iiiiiiilM-r of SiMfu: KiiK.Ntii StoiilKx nt UtI. ouch, 
willi notes aiitl vo<nihiiliir.v, of which tho followhitc nr<< now 
publUhoil : -Wtiic's " I'n Drnnio cUinn U-h Airn," Ijtlxtulnye'* 
" Pif Pnf " itml " Poncinot," Muic. do 8»<ifur*H " llUtolrv do 
lioMotto " and " Lii Potlt<> S«uri>i OrliMt," Htiilil'H " L'n Anni- 
ycnwlro h Ijomlroii,"'noMusHct'ii "-MoniiltMir lc< Vont ft Mndunio 
la Pluip,'* and iilno " Iji Ki'o ({riiiuott/> " and " Ij» t^nUIno nu 
Snlon." 

Mr. L. K. Knsliior plll)l|Nlll<^. two Khkni'ii l{ii.\i>KiiM,n Jl'Moii 
mid nn AnvANi'KO (KlnckwtMxl, 2<4. (hi. «'n<-li), with hrirf critical 
and literary not iot>s. Thc»o will bo fonnd Horvic«»nl>k> hy cnndi- 
datoH for pnhlic oxaminationt, who wish to Rain n knowltMl^ of 
many styles in a short timo. 
Opammap. 

Arsi'uo Dnrniostotcr'it lliMi'uttU-AL Kkkni'II Ouammak 
originated in a course of lectures delivered to the students of 
Iho Kcole Norinalo Snpi5rioure dos Killcs, at Sbvrest. The author 
died, in the prime of life, bofor<> he had flnislied preparing his 
book for the press. Two of his pupils, MM. .Muret and Kudre, 
undertook to revise his MS. and All mji the lacunn'. .\i\ 
aulhorizetl translation of the seuond Fn-nch edition, by M. 
.Mphonso llartoK (.Maciiiill.nn, I'Js. tkl.), is now pul)lishe<l. 
Students sullloienlly advanced to pi-ollt by It could probably 
huvo rond it just as well in the original. That said, there is 
little else to Ixi said except that it is us complete and thorough 
as a work of the kind could bo expected to l>o. All that one 
(losiderntes is a " reader " on the same scale to lie studietl in 
••iinjunction with it, ami one can hanlly doubt that that want will, 
in duo course, l>e met. On matters of detail there are only one 
or two iMiints worth noting. The Low Latin worti which 
dcvolopod into chat is not cttttus, but ciUiw. So, at any rate, 
say Lewis and Short. .Aiud we quc>stion whether it is exact to 
sjiy, without hedging, that Krt<nch has " from the thirteenth 
century bctui written in French Switzerland." The French 
which prevailed there was French with a difference oven as late 
OS the sixt<3cnth century — French with many weird words and 
constructions— as any one nuiy sec who troubles to compare the 
Parisian French of t'alvin with the (Jenevan French of Bonivard. 
The ditl'ert<nco was so nutrke<l that Calvin, being in authority, 
woidd not allow B<mivard's " t'lironique de tJenfero " to bo 
printed, because (among other reasons) the French was so bad. 
Hut we highly recommend the liook. In addition to its other 
virtues it is admirably iudexc<l. 

A more us(<rul iMwik for schools and colleg«»s is Mr. Victor 
Spiers' Shout Frknch IIistouu'ai. Ukammar (Simpkin, 
Marshall, 5s.). It might bo descrilied, in the langnaga oiF tho 
composing rtx>ia, as a " displayed " French grammar, many 
kinds of type, and a particularly largo allowance of black type, 
being used for the sake of lucidity. The author has simpliUetl 
the subject much as Dr. Rutherford siuipliHed the tJrct'k 
gramniar, by freely cutting out the unessential. What he h.ns 
printe<l is not more than a diligent student with a dve<*nt 
memory could learn by heart ; and any one who knows it by 
heart will 1k< in a fair wiy to gnippic with examiners, though he 
may not be absolutely master of the subject. The practical 



only tlM) alpluilMi oT Um 
but alK> a kvM coUooUmi at 
his cnuMMT bok lUw m 
lni«tane«, la tke avvtacs aMMlvot I0 1 

(ill.) WkM bMomm* by  

i.r., n M> loitflM MKHlllU. 

AJtompiiuUt (siibj.) > ofr. 

VarJanitl > ufr. iraalnl. 

Htmior > aoiniirv |ln the QitiM (ep. App.) mmi 
ml + I +•, u frmnJivr > gTalBdr>t. 

Tu writo IhU U hartlly to UiiainUh Um dMralUva ut 1 
already dilUoalt ommik<i. Tbo most mtatrnt tklmg In th 

tlio apiiondlx of o&amplea. 




Memra. tkiiit <u>nd Ui U»u mowi Of Uwir 1 

Ijaiiffuav' ' Umi'a KiBMTUBaMAX Book (li.».)aa 

Ukmman {'Jk. (VI. n.). TlM "Kir*l Han—  

is written iiii me laiBa iilaii aa Uw Fraodi book «• 1 
lately, and we Mn spoaK witb Mm miw »«)■• ot 
vcK<alMilary ahowa aaeb incenvity ; caeb worn k vBplal 
simple UerflMW aMitonee ; y«i Um^ aiw ao priated aa !• 
column down tbo pago. and boiaK ia tblek typo cateb ib 
onc«>. I^icturca ar« naed bero aa ia tbo yiaaub book. Tb 
cont4iins short and aiaipla rbyiMa, laka, aad ao forlb. ai 
natety with thi-Mr, a serUM of czoreiaaa diHt-^ ' Uw 

of a hous<-and it«inliabilaota(M« IfaAMtajfi f{t) 

Vju-Ix exorcise ia followed by qaoatkMW or iliiUnitioa 
Uernian, or MHiteiieea with a word biaak lo be flUM 
vocabulary is all in (lemtan, ami at tba toft of aarh 
the irregular |iart« of any such varha aa ar« named in it 
short |)uoma and atoriaa, witboat rocabalary. eoae at 
The original [wiiita here, again, ara tbe pietaiea, awl il 
(iorman for ex|iluiiationa all tbrougb. Of eoana, aoilbM 
Ixxiks is meant to be oaed without a taacbar. 

A Com rK.M>io(-H Orrnax KcAon, by O. B. Bwl 
woo<l, 'is. (hi.), is an exci'lh-nt book for anay titm 
extracts are historical and lilernry. Thn flrat claaa ai 
fn>m many authors of different styles to illaattal* a < 
liermaii history wliiili forms uno np|>cndix. After each n 
ai-e addiHl to this I 1 y, and to lillia|B|>bleal sli 

the authors which I her ap|M>ndix. Tka litefmry 

are more interesting than the historieal plaeaa, bat i 
give just thu kind of thing which a aoMiar WSata. The 
well arranged. 

A FiKsT Gkhmax WaiTsa, by A. A. Oemantlta, M 
L.N.K. Byrne, M.A. (UivlngtMM. Sa. M.). b a Mil 
book. Several pnge<t are dovotdd to tha Oanaaa aatlBi 
though neat .n i'' in »p|M<iir»nee, ia beiag gradaail 

by its more |i. i in cooi|>elil<>r. Ilwre is an ei 

table of irr<<KUiar \erlis (alphabrtieally anaagril 
vexat ioiis gender problem u well bandied. SboaM ' 
inilicative of " bncken " be " baekt* " laataad ui 
(p. 2l'i). At the end b a Tocabnlan of abuai 7W« 
wortls. The anthers bar« kept rl<<ar of tlM abatraaa taelu 
with which sclent iSc grammarians often frigbta* tkoir pi 

nERMAK WtTHOCT Tears, adapted tram tbe rtWMl 
Hugh Bell, tbe anther at " PrMicb Witboat Tean," bq 
Hutchinson (Arnold, M.), k aa attracUra little book I 
young children, baaed 00 the priariple of aiklag Ibm 
the sight ami sound of Oanaaa word* and pbraaca before 
the Orammar. 

■pan la h. 

SoBiLuxn's SrAMsii Orawmar, tranalated and* 
Frederick Zagel (Hoilgaon), though the praiaca with it4 
rated praiae excitee sobm prejudice againat il, ia a good 
work. The rulce are clearly esplained. awl tbe exaaai 
chosen. The converMtlonal part is distinrtly good, 
enrrisaa ara too long, aad the vocabalarias ate poftai 
whole page of words loiMniM, and aa algjuliitiial U 



1S2 



LITERATURE. 



[Febniar 



of tha ApoaUaa." How««r, Mr. G. F. BuriMy't OcT- 
usH or Ou> TmAMBXT Tumauoox (Rivingtow, U.) couUiiw • 
gmk daal of oMhil infomwUoa, wall elaaaifiad ami claarly Mt 
ferth. Wnn tba Hn ni fa W n or antiquarian iwint of riuw, thi* 
book laarai littla to bo daairad, and tbo rolalion of the Hebraic 
wocahip lo that ot otbar Sanitie triboa ia oxplaiiml in a Mtis- 
faeloty i— nnut We nolo that an honoct attempt ii> made to 
I Um froorth of a belief in immortality ; and Uiat Uiu auUu>r 
M frum the vioo of reading into the Jewiali mind the 
Mwiighti of a later a^v. It ia aoutething to be grmtuful for 
MMt Jlr. Bamojr adm.t< the growth of religious thought. 

If the same priiieiple bad been apfdiud to the TuiHTV-NiMi 
AancLM in Mr. Kicfci's expoaition (Itiringtona, la. Vol. 11., 
Alt*. lX.-X\\lX.>, th« book would bv morv practically valuablf. 
In thia aUo Uiv »chuUbtic part is thoroughly well «lonu. I'hu 
text u giten in Latin ai>d Kn^iuh from the Uut revision of 1671, 
and duiecwit type or other ol Uie printer's aids are usod to mark 
was compoaed in K>U or atuleU in l&Oli, or what is in com- 
with Ukiu, IMU, UMi, ami luOIt. Kach Article is discusned 
a* to Um aouroe, obj«ct, and interpretation. ^Olne of the 
intacptwtatiaaa (aa that on I'urgatory; show a aouiid common 
aan^ and a tulvranl t«iii|x>r ; but otbers, such an tlie Fall and the 
MimatfJ, ahow a tmlher narrow ouUiK>k. The book is, however, 
on the whola, modarmta and fair. 

Cot n m en tart—. 

Th K I'AMoKjiL Kr IKTI.B.M, cditud by J . H. Bcriuird, D.U. (3<t.Gd.), 
ia a naw nmBliar ol the Camhrulge Ureek Te»tament for schools 
and eollaga a, now edited by Canon Kobinaon. The text has been 
reriaad, and is here explained in gteat detail. Wa are inclined 
U> think the notwi arc too long ; for instaiico, the very natural 
— <apniir of " wnoloeonia " docuiiie takes neaily a page of small 
print in explaining. But though irom the teacher a point of 
riow tni* may bm a lault, it is a m«rit for solitary students. The 
hiatarioal uitroduction is excellent ; we woald mention especially 
•n intaiwetuig diacuaaion of, the Epincopus and Piesbyter. One 
aantainw has puaxled ua. In speaking of Ikijhix Ugmueita, Dr. 
Barnard Mya that in biiakaapeara's plays  the frequency ranges 
frooi 3-4 in tba Two UtnUem€n of k'crona to lU-4 in Hamlet." 
Th* oootMCt aoama to imply " on aach page, " which can hardly 
batnw; and how long is a page 7 

AicfadasooD Pwtnrne'a edition of the PaovKkBs (Cambridge 
Bibia for HettooU and CoUogas. ;ts.> shows the faidt of several others 
of ttaa sanas in a oorbun trinality of aonw notoa. Erarything that 
really needs a note appears to liava oii«, whothar it Iw a matter of 
reading, translating, or interpreting ; bat there are a certain numlier 
that af« not uoedetl at all. Wo cannot regard tlio introduction as 
idaal ; thara ia too much effort tu improve the occasion, and the 
oditar'a atyU is padantm It wovld have lieun int<«eHting to 
Maqwro the llabrew praetioal man 'a idaal witli that shown in the 
p i Wib a of otbar nations, but beyond tho quotatiim of a few 
lfmli*'i p t w e rti a notiiing of the sort is done. The character of 
Uabraar wisiloro ami tiie authorship of the book are liriefly 
diaooaaad. In the same aeries, Or. Bamoa givaa ua Thk 
C«Kni|ii.M in an edition which deatmea much {irauie. Both 
int w doction and notes are rigorofuly eompr e aa ud , aiwl while die- 
coaaing biatoncal dilHcultiaa with faimeaa and knowlodga, thay 
eanfally avoid meditatioaa and reOectiona. Tlic remarks on tlie 
•iM aad objaat of tba work an aapaeially clear ami jiiclici<ms. 



-..— s. . . 



HISTORY AND GEOGRi^ 
Anetent. 

Mr. Murray haa publlahod Part I. 
edition of TiiK Hrt'DKNTa' Oibbok (b*.), o<liic 
Oreuuiilgu. Thero aro maps, picturea, and i 
not«e which contrast rt^roahlogly with thoso o 
Dwin Milman ; but wo aro by no means 
editor's truntmout of tlio text, cs|iocially aa 
tlio Chrisliaiiity chapters. Mr. Uroenldgo ii 
no obligntioii to propogato Gibbon's viowa 
Christiniiity ; but ho has no right to sup|; 
comes forwnrd as Gibbon's «>ditor, and tolli 
endeavoured to " avoid tam|>cring " with wha 

There is no question that, for the youi 
taught by moans of biographies. Wo are sui 
has yet nuulo a school hintory of Uroocc, Ki 
thoso lines ; even tlio immortal Plutarch is b 
nothing at all, to most schoollrays. We-welct 
Spenser's Orkek and Koman HBROsa (.\u 
College Scries) aa a st4>p in the right <liroc 
has abridge six of P.utarch's Grecian liv( 
liouan into a voliiiucof '2'i8 pages, adding maps 
nnd otiicr pictures. This he inteiuls for the 
sohools." For a classioil fifth or sixth it won 
it seems to ns well suited for a llrst chutsic 
forma. The quantities aro marked in prop* 
useful. Wo think it should have been omitti 
which aro nnturalizod, such as Plato. No on< 
PliVt... 
Modern. 

The " .Scliool Kxnmiuiition Scries " (M 
Mr. Tait WurdUw, now includes Kxaminatu 
CuNsTiTcnoNAL AND Ge.m:bal Uihtuky of 
The history is divided into two parts — the 
nnd 14bi> to the first liofonu Bill— each part b 
the bead of constitutional and of general histoi 
each case more or less cover tlic wholo iiori 
gives papers alxiut the i>eriod lti3'2-ltititi. Al 
includes one question of the essay characU 
style and reflection in tlio answer. The book 
recommended. 

Tub Age oir Uawkc, edited by Mr. L. W 
A. and C. BUck's " ijoa Dog " Sorios, U a gi 
Kiiglanders. Tho book is a stirring aatholog 
accounts of tho sea fights and other naval c: 
doubling of Capo Horn, in the dnyH of ll» 
Keni|M<iifoll, Vernon, Boscawen, and many anc 
hul|M-d to build our empire. Tbo accounts I 
temporary records, such as the early numbei 
man'a Magazine." Appropriato portraita a 
" Tho Loea of the lioyal George," or " Ki 
scattered through tho hook, which Mr. Lyi 
apirited account of Hawko'a personality and w 

Miss Katharine Stephen's Frkn<;h His- 
(Macmillan, 3n. (kl.) is writt«-n in simple latigu 
intolllgenoe of tho young and stupid. Tl 
r<.^formor• ia introdncod as " a Pronchman nan 
woll-know torrllorlal division an " a province 
Wo aro not euro that it is worth while to thr 
upon children who require to havo it tnugli 
while more adranood students aro likoly to re 
down to. The modem part of tbo history Is 



February 10, 1900.] 



LITERATURE. 



Nnpoloonla warn withnat mcmtlonlnff the Waloherm MprHltlon, 
Th«r<> iiri' nlno tnintalKii (or, room |iriitmlily, roiii|>rliit>i) In the 
nmttor of (lnt<>a ; I77U In kIvimi aa tho itato o( tbo ovortlirow of 
the illrc<-torut« liy Nn|><>lp<>n. 

Tub Makinu or KiHura, by Noino (NtilaoOt Sa. 6d.). la an 
lilHtorlriil coniiMMiilliim appanMitly lnt<'n«li>«l for the iixo of 
<-liilili-(>n. It wouM havo Inmmi n nion^ viiliinlil<< ImmiW If thi* author 
hwl oultlvatwl n<ciiracy. Ono cannot Np<>ak very lonilly In 
prnJNO of a history which treat* of the niaklnft of Franwj without 
rofcrcMfO to I^oiiIh XI., B|M>nl<H of (Jenevn iw thonj{h It alrea<ly 
lH'l(inK<'<l to the Swiiut Confederation in the niiililleaKi>»t, ilencrllieM 
IsHiii- ('iiHntil)Oii as n imtnniliHt, niitl Ntat<-H nx n well-liDOWn tact 
the (^Mienilly iliM-nrileil liy|M>tlie!tin thnt Hannilml emaaMl tbo 
AI|iH liy way of the Little Ht. l<<>rnar<l. Yet the author hno, 
uiiilcninbly, the Kift of Hiniple e\|Mmition, anil mlKht do k<mnI 
worlc in the wiiy of explaiiiiiiK thiuKw to chilili-en if bo wuuUI 
take the initial piin-aution of ninitterinK hin HulijeetH, 

A LiTTLB HiMTOHY OF LANfAMHlRK (Xolaon, Oil.) ia the flnt 
\'>tuiiie of a HcricM inteniletl for n.se in the evoninR continuation 
' liiHiJH unit the lilKlier cliisscM of the dny HchiMilN of tlii< varioiiM 
i-oiiiit ioM. In addition to the direct niirrntivo, there are WH-tions 
on Industrial l'ro({re.Ms, Lnnca.shiru I^'k**"*''* ""•' Traditions, Folk 
HouK, Folk S|K<cch, Folk Ivore, nnd the IjanenNhin< Worthies. 
Thi< list of the latter is, as it should l>e, short, ineliidinK only 
•loliii liiadfcu'd, Humphrey Clii'thnni, Henry Cort, lionniey, •tohn 
Hiirrow, Sir KoImtI Pc4<I, (tiadstone, Mra. Henuius, iind !>«■ 
Quincey. The Idea is a k<mmI one well carrietl out, the laMik 
beiuK Niniply written and widl and profusidy illuslrattMl. 

Ono other historical hook may 1)0 mentioned— A Scmmarv 
OK Ransomk's Siiukt U18TUBY or England (155 pp.), which is a 
nseful cram lKM>k. 
Oeoffpaphy. 

Mr. f,. W. Lydo, who in his A Gkooraphy of tiik Kiiitisii 
F.MriKK (A. and O. Black) starts with the eheerinp: statement 
that " the British Kinpin» covers nimutone-nfthof the land of the 
glol)e," lias for some years Ikhmi h successful lecturer on his 
Hid>ject,nnd knows thedidlculties which l>eset lh<> young student. 
His iMKik nets ns a supplement (o an atlas, and itself contains no 
maps. His comparisons of the si7.e of distant (Nirts of the world 
with that of countries iu'nr«-r home ar<' ns«>ful. Here and thert- 
more references to history might have Immmi helpful. Snch a 
suf;j:cestion as that of Mr. Ik-iit, that Solomon got his gold fn>ni 
Masliorialand, might, for example, have Ihm-u mentione<l. But the 
Ixtok is H inHllum in jMimi, a neat little stack of ntatintioa. 

Book V. of tho Royal OsHOKNc OF.(HiKArHV RcADnui(Nels<in, 
Is.) describea Tarions interesting places in Great Britain and 
Ireland. Tlien> are plenty of pirtiiros such as small children can 
appreciate, and the stylo is reasonuhly simple. 

Gallia is one of Murray's Han<ly Classical Maps (paper, 
Is. n.). Mr. Grundy, tho general editor, is gnar.tnteo for tho 
quality of the series, hut we wish it had b4>en statfsl what survey 
it roprotlucod. Colours are used to distinguish various heights 
above soa le\el (wo wish c(>ntours had boon added), and the 
printing is beautifully clear. 

Messrs. A. and ('. Black's SvNTiunicAL (<»;(>()iuvriiv Carim 
are designed to supplement oral teaching. The nm|)s nn» drawn in 
sets of tlire<> and an- so arranged that one orall can l>e presenle<l 
to tli«> pupil at the same time. The s«>ries isauprises pnieticatly 
an atlas, notes and text combined. The first uwp shoidd Im> o|>«>n 
during the les.son. This can then Im> fold<><l out of sight and the 
second map brought into view. This omits names of places, 
giving Instead facts connecte<l with plac«>s markini in Map A. 




Of Ml 

*m». 1 
' llMiUi 



•rIdMiUjr Mw work of etr 

<ImI of giOMMi. aiHl «m 

laatnwU AlieM baU lh« book kit 

raal to bMM, llcfcl, mi 

ke. Tb<t Idm la to glw tlM i 

im I IiImu ralhnr th«A lo piwrUtB • 

ai»> ir>ct in furtk»te4 bjr ' ' ' 

et' 'irinc oaljr faMxyaMifw 

ni< . •iild be I ~ 

of llic MS'iiud U^« of Molkn. Mitf It 

have faiU*<l Ui icire • p ro pf dati 

tlio Botv ao M Uw 4M0rl|MiaM ami «>i| 

moat purt •SMilont. ,Ttm hook will tm tamtd m ««ry 

paratloa far tlw HeloMa and Art DafMrtarat am 

wwmliMitloua. 

ORXKaAL ICLi!M»:<(TARr H<lr^<r, by J.T. I>MMI 
Mundelln I.Mi'lhnen, .'k. Ibl.), I< wrill<^ mainly for ■M 
at I.<>ndi>n rnivemity, tint otTfrs iiIm> a gonl 
K*>neral n*ailer. Its nxnt nolnldi' fi^nlnrv i« II 
of chemical symlMils, nlgflimicnl fomndn , ami W|aatl» 
kllHl whatever,' and It will l»< hniliol with il<.|)gbl by t 
number of stnilenis to whom avmtH>ls .in.t f.>rmid«' are 
The hook is well written, tho liintcnl' llMl 

hotm-ly examples, and all semMann? •" i&t4 

conscientiously nsirnimeinl it. 

We toarri'lv 1 1 >, ,u for what clana of n m A t n Mr. Rarl'a I 
or Natirai.  ICY (Arnold, 4«. 6il.^. ha« b»«i ■? 

is extronit'ly .... •ml ouotain* a llttlo chemlatt 

inxchanics.'a little elootridty, • littU haat, an>l a liU 
U>«idva a little miaecllananua adMitific infi>naati»n ; fa 
has studied ttnao snbjectsas they ifaaorvato b* atadWd, « 
thegn-at<'rpartoftli<'b<Hiki>iiJolaaa; »iM«hahMnnt,««ll 
be able to undcratatxl it, ami, eren if he <tii1, hia kinMrlo 
not lie very complete or Very sound. The new plan (a 
miKlamtion) ' 'l>'linltioaaa/i«r explanatioaaMiil I 

toilithcult r by <l«grMa,ia (lajJonbly w twd u i 

sions arc ii.i. im- -..^i home, and dilBeaHiw ara I 
mentioned ap|inn-ntly for the [mri i n aa of MjrteK tb 
cannot l>e explaineal at this sUco." In aoow inala 
fiml sloveidy stAt<<menta- r.f., " tb* spoad at • giva 
time (.<•<-) may >>e a very tranaitory state. It OMjr 00)7 
very small fraction of time." " At tbe eiioator tiw SI 
head." " The path nf a body necilUtlnft at tke 
pendulum ia n uttniijM Um." Wot the storisot each in 
sjioil tho whiilo value of a sdealifle book. 

Zooiocy. 

.\ Masi Ai. or Zooumv. by the lale T. Jf§erj Pi 
William A. Ila.swell (Maemillan. IDs. Oil.), is desi|pwd 
the stuilent in higher daaWS of nrbanU, and to aOMM 
Junior classes nf I'ni versllint. Op int eoe dUkr aa tke ad 
of teaching natural history in arlNMilB, b«t I k s re la 1 
feeling that if It he Unght strem akoald be hUd m 
anatomy, but on haliits, <.<ilour>, •li«pr«, and oikrr 
characters, «» that |>«wvr of ••■ " trs 

this leM'lxiok the isinlc^ts are Hy 1 

nnd illustrntisl with really good ngiin--. om inr anisM 
treatisl as living, moving ereatatva. Takp Mflia. Iir 

Here was a C' ' -..■■■:.-.^ iiam atlaK uImm latluB 

flight and nn. !s aad •■(■. tho habito ' 

and the nteiiu.... ittai tt tho earloMS a 

flight, for hoppiT ,-. Instead of tbia iw 

highly nnished te, >it of tbO aaaloaiy of Ik 

There is still a pre-ming wvd of a go™! aecoont «< 1 
mhnirs. and hnliils of animala that ran hr eaajly atodi 
seientine stiwly nf these, apart tram tonmai tmti 
physiology, is rapidly InerMainir, and it b with regn 
•«»e I'nVessor Ha.s»«'ll haa pe>~ «nch •xjrk ar 

Profi-ssor IJovd Mor^^n «Mi th. - fif rhieks I 

von "" ■■• o— ■rrati«m of livi 

i, readily ilcstmyr* 

tei'hnn';ii ;Mi;ii.>itM wmmm o." .. .hi- _, ...r naleral B**tory. 
res|i...'t the i>ld-f««hioi»e.l J»o«ks by the late J. O. ' 

!..«..:*.. I .ri »-«#..— 1. 1« K*.k» tl.A Mwt fkla 



184 



LITERATURE. 



[Fcbniar 



pTMcribod. wMt<> Um> •B«>«WUt ■hoaM Im> in • ptwltlnn to eunsult 
tkt> oriidnml rapn* •'•f (Wtw>l<l, N>rn<it, Vnii t'Hoff, ami other*, at 
• rat haiMl. Or. WnlkiT. IIh- millMtr t4 Ax lNTii4iiit •tion to 
J*avaliAL Chkhutbt (Mx-ntillnii, KIn. n.). whi> i» nln'iuly 
l llW li •■ i1m< lnin»lal<>r <>f (Kiwalil'o " <hitliii<>> of i'liv>i«'al 
Cknnivtrv " aiMl •■( h'f " M.i'im:)! i^r I'liv vlco-i'livniirnl MtNiMUre- 
bmmi ii', iiimI liriiiK" ainiilo 

i|<uil ii.iiimI his roiiHlaiit iim- 

nf alMirt, rtmr wiilc-iir^**, artunipnl in l<i|:ipnl M<<|iM-iin>, ri'VcnlH an 
iaiianit* ■r^MaIiitaiir<> nith thf* kliNh'iit'n ni|iiir«'iiM>iit«. Tho 
hMik baa no rrx-nliilHMiary t<>«<loiiri<>!<, anil (hi- (;n>iMHl it travi>ntpti 
haa alrcartr hi<<>« o|inMtl up, hiif it* valiM> i-<>imi<>lH in tho nu'lhiMl 
of trralBMiil ami lh<> iii<-lii<i< ' nl ^ork. AiiN>iif{ tli<< imtrr 

iai|inrlaiil ■•liaplfr<> niar !-<■ th<>M> on tho |ihni«<>-rul<<, 

ilcalinK with thi* |iawgi|Cf <•( a -xii -Miitt- (nun ••n<- |ihyNi<-al Ntntc 
ur lanir <■( auKMintiua Ui aiioUM>r. nml <mi the iirniHTtick iiT iliN- 
■ilvnl kill i>l;i ' - ""'tidinf; nanntir |tn>ssnr<' nml Ihf n|ipli<-ntion 

«if the laviK lit ililiitf •MilulioiLs. Tin- untlior, uiirortil- 

itatrly, ixnil.^. .. nf<>K<» (lia( no MitiKfiMtor.v i-vplnii<iti<>n of 

taaxXir prrvMin* hat> ,v«>t l>4<i>ii f(irlh<-<HniH|;, lui( it i» (•■ In- h<>|M-<l 
(lull iliio fciat*' of iirHirrout- uill niit i-ohliniK* ninch loii){(>r. 
MMH' niu-i y Im> ih'riviil rr<Hii inv<>Mli{(ntitinH oil 

The ik I' '11 <if iiioh-iMilnr \t*'if:h(s roriiiN Iho 

»ubj(ft nf Ch. XVIII., wherein l^a<>nl('s nH-tluNl very pr<>|H>rly 
llmN a place. tlniti;:h the otnission )4 any ref«'r«'ne«' (o (Ihh fuel in 
the imiex eri xivinf; which i* only <liK|M>lle<l on furdier 

M<areh. MnK . fonnnlw are l>nl K|HirlnKl,v ln(n>(lnf<'il, 

ami wi<i<>ly, for ilicy are ap( to gt't beyonti nil n-nMinnhle iMiniitN, 
ami (<i iiMirp (he pl.ice of inor<> vulnnlile matter. In the Inst 
rha|i(er, howi'ver, a few ilifferenti.ll <H|M:itions have )N-«'n nllo\ve«l 
III ap|irar, to etnriilate certain prim-ipli-s in thenmNlynnmlcM, 
Mieb as the revemiMi' cycli- In n he:it ciiKini'. nml inn non-vnhilile 
Miluti- iliuolvnl in a volatile wilvent. The nnthor's avowiil nini, 
*• to Hinooth. 8i> far ns inny l>e, the (linh-iilties thnt hesi-t the 
MiHlent's |>alh. nml (<> |>oint ont whi'n> (he hiilileii pitrnlls lie," 
ha* uiMtiHiliteilly (loon fiilnlhil, nml llie l»><k sli.nild s|MH>«lily 
bpcnmr a faviHirite. 

♦■■••"■-TABt l*«A<ii>Al. ('hkmim»\, l.y .-V. .1. Cooper 
(W -».)i in a kinipte anil well-nrmn){eil eourNe of ex|»eri- 

uteu: <t>try anitalile for lM>f(innen<, f(iviiiK, in aihiitioii (o 

the pivpanitiiHi ami pr<i|M-r(iiii of hyilroKi-n, oxygen, cnrUm 
4iosi«lr, aiul nitric aciil, i|nanlilntive ex|ieriiiH-ntH relating to 
BM l w tatieiii neiMirrinK in the coiirw. 

An»i VTii AL rniMKiTBr, by Henilcmon anil Parker (RIacklo, 
Sa.' . reai-t ioiin, anil wpnratinna with the tiMUnI 

talii' ' mill i-omnioner orpinic Hiilmtanees. It 

id «vll not up. hamly in aico, and elmr In type ; a nuip of 
apcrtra Is civen at the eiiil. 

la <'il»:Ml*rav i^ib Ob(ian(UU) Si iiim>ij< of .S<(^a<'k, by H. 
niriali (MacmilUn, 'Jx. (Wl.), the arninK<iueiit im Kiniilar to thnt 
illy lawtl nowailayii, aa far an imwiilile iHuwinic from the 
>n III tlH> unkiH'wn, anil in iMNeil on the liniti of the two- 
yrmnt' nxirMe in chemistry in the LiiiU .School of Science. The 
himk i» written in a simple manner, nnd the illiiHtnitionH are, in 
at raae*. made frooi aetiuil npiiaratnN. The mngo csti'ndH 
tlx* Bi»r«> naninna nmi-nietnllic elements. 

Tb* t'niTemllr Correnponilenee CViIleire I'refiM have sent n« a 
w c owl Mlilinn of Mr. O. H. Rniley'ii Kihht Staok Imiriiaxii- 
('■BinimT (Ta»OBtin(-AL) in their '''Or(pini»il Science Ki-riea." 
Otlier hooka in tlw aann* m-ritm for lite elementary »tag>' are 
Mr ^/itiiD.): \r. 

Hi iTian AXi' 1 

anrt ^la-T Ktagb I^'' 
•«rli). for the mvi.i,.I i.i •• . 
MaeiiAjili <• (Soi.ipa) ; Al>lA^•r.l• 

«B» R1.IKTBK ITT; AnVAXiRIi IXOUIIAXII' ('MRMlaTHV 
Tf'«t Oa<>*«i' '■'»»«)•■ TBY (.'k. (kl. ench). 

Phjrat«e. 

M<-v>r«. U. If. (in A. T. KiiuUMiiiH have prmluci'd 

RkiKii'iJi ix i'RA<T(' 4 in tMti lartk (price '2m. nu-h, 

Ma'iuilUnl ; of IIm--' 11 • ' ' ^v of 

mfttMiinifu-fit , rrKft t"ti. ('>n-< , uct- 



i>, KiniiT, Alto 
rvniiMiBAPHV; 
I '' i-riiv ' I'lU'TtcAl.) (2a. 

N! I TIIKMATIl'a ! A(>VAXC-«II 

II ►.Ai: .ViivAJii-itn MAiittim«M 
ami Pbai'- 



nMAta of length. arc«, volume, denatty, At 
tatntlleloKmm nf forix**, barometer, and a fev 
hent, li|(hl, soiiiiil, ninicnetiHUi, anil electric 
menis, i|nnn(l(n(ive for (he most pnrt, nn< 
chosen. This i» one of (he best of (he ni 
eb>nHiiUiry praotioal phyaUij that have nn-entl 



ApvAHA*Bn MAaNBTiaM avp Kt.itrTKiiTrT, 
((.'live, ;tH. (ill.), in one of (he Or^rnniMil Sci 
nMMi(iun<>il, of tho Univenii(y (/urn-N|>oiidem 
oriKinnl liook hnx imsMiHi thniiigh M-vernI iilil 
forms nn excellent introilnetion to the ndvnnv 
which will thoronghly repay enrefnl rending, 
jiart ia well trenti'<l, nnd ther<> are certain art 
applieatiomi by Dr. Jonlc. The qiieiitionn ael 
to 181H> nt the ndvnnei>d wexnminnlion of the 
DoiMirtmenl nre i;>ven nt (ho end of the iMKik. 

Meii,srK. .1. A. and W. .1. Horrisun Imv' 
excellent introilnetion to phy»io(;rnphy, niider 
S«U'H IN Kaiitii-Knowi.kdok (HIackie and 
trcatx of inenHtinmient, stntii-s, hent, nnd llprht. 
of a few common Knlislnncex, nml nil in n Im 
manner ; nml we are k'"*' '** *"^' >■> ^'x-' < 
nnthoni hnve nvoiiU-il the loos<> and Hloveiily | 
mnrs so nmny non-mntlieuiaticnl text-lKxiks of c 
Kvery ex|M>riment hns preflx«>il to it a lisl 
rei|nirr>il, nnd a short Btatomcnt of tho purj 
[lerfoniieil — n nsofnl fentnre. 

VoLiMCTBir AxALVKls, by .T. n, Co\ 
2h.), Ik an np|>enilnp> to the mntiy Ikm; 
annlyHis, completing the rei|uireinenti« of the 
nt I>>ii(lon I'niversity. The nrnin)(i'nient ii 
ileHcriptioiLs nn> lucid, and all caluululiuliM uf 
out by the unitary nnUhoiI. 



MATHEMATICS. 
Aplthmetlo. 

The Akithmitic of Mr. J. S. Mnckny, 
('hnmbcra, 4h. (Wl.) pre«ent« tho Midiject acien 
the latent iniprovementH. Wo llnd, for insUi 
tnethud of Hnbtrni'tion, the " Italian " metlj 
other procesHes which nro now univerHally npj 
oertnin metho<lH which nn^ either new, or 
known, hnt nre none the lenii (r<>nnine improve 
in fact, a tendency to overdo the (t)iei'ial devic 
which are often morn curioUH than uiu-ful, 
rather bulky, these niiKht hnve been omittiil. 
wiwiy follows De Morunn in ninny |Mir(icular 
thniiiKhout charncteriiriil by soundness and 
unitary method is explniiied, but not mnile so 
teachers would wish, nnd we find inten>st, 1 
by the ohl methoil of pri>|M)rtli>ri, with tlw i 
that this is to Im- ri't;retli>il. There nre 
imm^raphs on reciirriiit; (lefliiials, involutic 
toicet her with n met hisl <«f extracting hi^h 
R. K. Anderson, a methisl which we cnnnot ng 
in eoMsiderinR an improvement on Horner. 
cleverly with weighta nnd mensnres, nnd ndds 
of the' teaching profession in fcenernl ;i 
English tables ; he nives, of course, n s' 
Kystcin. He ia one of the very few wrilcrii 
irlvc n r«>ally sntlsfnclory explanation of the 
multiplication of fmcfjons. The book mny 
meniteil for m-IiixiI use. 

Oeomatpy. 

Mr. Kmilh nnd Mrs. Bryant have now hror 
Klkmknth (Mncmillaii, lis.) to the end of Rook 
a very w-rviei-nble iililion. There are roi 
iitfily followinic many of the propositions, ni 
ciu-h iHHik hnnler problems, nnd a niiiiilM-r of 
loenLary pro|>o(iitions. When; the nvera; 
little chnnee of aticceiis, even with ft I 



Kcbniiiiy 10, lyOO.] 



IJTKUATUHE. 



I'niir, uliiili ,1 ■.rliiMillNiy ({I'lirrnlly IIihIh il In liU liiti*n<at U> 
nviiid. \Vt< liii|M< I lie ri-iimhitiiK ImmiIiii mtHI Im> laHU4il by tb«« mmm 
<Hliti>i'H, uliii liiivi' iliiiH' llirlr Miirk wi wi'll. 

Mr. Ti'lfiiril Nitrli-y'i Ki •MK, H<mikh I. ,\Mri II. (Vlliiinii. U.), 
In nil iil(i'iii|il III NiiiiMith IliK imtli i<l Kiirliil liy Hiiti|illlli-uli<iii 
mill ri-iirriiii){i'iiii-iil. \Vi- tloiilit wlii'llii-r lliii |iiiHif by iiriii'tirnl 
cl<*lil<iii'<lrii(lnii, iM ill III)' ru*u< i>r l'ri>|Hin)t)<iil V., \n <if iillirli 
vulim 1 llii< |iii|iil <tliiiiiUI Ih' IiiiikIiI !•• Uy ><ti't<nM iiii |li<< I'liiiliiiiiily 
of Kili'liirx iiii-IIkmI. Hill Itiii iNMik i-i'i'tiiliily k'^i*" llM'iiltly In 
till' i-riiNoiilii;; liy IN Vi-ry timr iirriiii(0'iiicii( mid iln liricf 
('Xjiliiiiatiiry iinti-x, A Kl'*""' viirli'ty <>( r\i'rri>u>M itn* ilirlllilisl, 

Mr. W. M. Miyllir, M..\., In I hi- iilillior of II kiiinI IIIIIi- 
IxHik nil (iriiMKiiiii ,\i, Dn.WMMt (('iimliriilK*' I'liiviM-'tity t'rt>MH, 
'2k, Ihl.). Pnrt I. (iilmuly ii«>iiiiil) roiilniiin |iluiif iiiiil clfiiifiilury 
luiliit t(<'<»»<'lry ; llm iliii)(i°iiiii^ iiri- uill ilriiwii iiml roiivuiiliMilly 
|iIiu'imI, IIk- iimlliM' writ urrmiKi'il, iiiiil llir iiii-IIiimI'i cinhI. TIii' 
('liiir)(i< a;;iiiii<tt )^-iiiii<<lrlriil ilriiwlii); ii> an filiicatioiial liislriiliii'iil 
Is (liiit it is tm< iiii'i'liaiilcal. Nir. Hlytlii' k>'Ik iivrr lliin liy 
lin|i|iily mill iirtvii ni-aiiiliilatliiK IIk' ilMiin-ticnl KiiiiiM'try on 
wliicli IiIh I'oiiMlriirliiiiiM iIi-|n'|i)I. TIk' m-i-lliili on N|iir»ls in vi-ry 
riill mill iiili'niitiiiK. Ill llii> Millil !(<'■>■>'*''■'}' ^v l^'i"' "■'■' llx' 
Mliiili-iil will iiii'il iiiiiri' lii'lp tliaii il is immsiIiIo In k'^'** '■''■' *'■ >"' 
xliort a MiMiri- as llii> aiillii>r lias al i-oiiiiiiaiiil. 

(.'IMIUIIIN.XTK (;»:i>MKTHY, I'AHT II., THK t'llNH . llV .1. II. 

(iraci" mill K. Kimi-nlMTK (W. H. Clivi-, ;<>.. Oil.), is a wnrtliy ism- 
tiiiiiatioii or I'arl I., liy Mi<mhi'!<. KriKtC <>■■<! Hryali. Tin- K<°i>i'ral 
ci|iiali<in of till- siM'oiiil ilf(;ri>i> is laki'ii i-arly, hut Ih prii-i'iliil liy 
• vrry »huii ilisi'iission of tlir si-|mralo roiiii-N, In w«viTal oHior 
r«i|MH'l.s llio aiitliors liavo varii>il Ilii* iisiial orili-r. in ovrry rnw" 
to tli<> nilviiiiln;;i< of tlio sliiiloiil. Till- sci rums on i>li>iiii>ntary 
riirvi!-traoiii); ar«>, «i> iM-licvi', Hii|>i-rior to thow K>^'<'n liy any 
olhor wrili-rs on tli«> siilijorl ; aiitl aliiioHt i-vi-ry rlin|ili'r ronlains 
inaltrr wliicli improves n|Min tlii> roiiviMitioniil trratiiiont. Tlio 
hook is soiiiitl tliroinflioiit, anil ailiiiirahly sin;>^>?itivo ; anil, 
fhoiiifh noininallr i-onlliioil to •• thi- i-onif," it i-oiilaiim rhnptorii 
on i'nv«>lo|)os anil liariiioiiio so<'tioii. Its iiso for revision piiriMwoH 
is iiii'i'oasiMl by the iiiiU-x, wliirli niHthoniRlii-imis iinfortiinatoly 
so soliloin proviiU'. Wo roconinionil tlii" hinik williont rosorvc. 
Mr. C. I'oniUoliury, M.A., in his Shobt t'ormii! ok Klemkn- 

TAKV I'l.A.NR TRIIIUNOMIiTKr (lll'll, 2m, ttil.), lias broiiglit top'thiT 
thos(> portions of flio snliji-i-t wliii-h nr<' niH-ossary for tho I nivcr- 
sity Loi-al.i anil similar rxaniinalioii!!. Tho liook inrliiiloM n 
!MH*tion on lo};nritlinis ami tho iis«< of niathi'iiuitionl tablf>s, mul 
carries tho sliiilont as far as tho Holiition of Triaiif(li^ ; it is very 
siiilalilo for lH*)(iniu<rM, as noarly llio wliolo of Part. I. is ilovot«Ml 
to ai'iito angles, anil tliore is a larK'" iiiiiiiIkt of qiiito easy 
oxaiiipleH ; a goml list of forninlio is profixoil, anil at tho onil 
tliorr is a rolloofion of qiiostioiis on iMsikwork, which toachopt 
will find very i-onvoniont. Tho arraM;;"iiioiit anil Kotioral >r«>t-np 
of I ho IxMik loavo nothing to b« ik>Hirod. 

Book-keepInK< 

TlIK l»K!MII'l.KS OF HOIIK-KKKPIXO, by .1. K. B. M'Allon 
(Molliiioii, "is.), iM'lonpi to thosi' piililishorH* woll-known 
C'oininoroial Sorios. It not only oxplains tho nilos of tho gmiio, 
but jtivos ploiity of workod oxainplos mid oxainiiiation |>a|M'rM, 
Tlu" si'otion on Rills of K\rhiiiip> iIih's not K" '"to tho niattor 
unito lis tliui-oiiKhly as wo should havo thoiiKht dosirablo. Tho 
statoinont that, wlion a bill is dislionoiir<>d, tho last holilor niiist 
jtivo inimoiliato iiotioo to tho drawor and imlorsor is inadoi|iiato. 
How d<K\s tho law dolliio " iniinodiatoly," and what happens if 
tho notioo is not givon ? Tho noxt cilition might aliio, with 
advantii^<, oontuin sonio aocnnnt of tho di(Ior<-noi> lietwcon 
trailo bills and aoooiinnodation bills. On the whole, howevor, 
tho toxt-lx>ok can In- roi'ommondisl. 

PARALLEL GRAMMARS. 

Olio of tho most prrssin;; nn-ds of tho day, in viow of llio 
iniiltiplioation of soliool siibjoots and tho inci-o«s»-d strain whioh 
it puts ii|ioii tho piipil, is oonoontration and siinplinoation in tho 
mothi>iIs of toaohiiijj. What wo havo in oxtcnsion wo mnst piin 
in intoiition,as tho loj;icians would say. .\iid ainoii;; tho atlonipts 
whioh nro Itoins mado to moot this doinand, a high plaoo must 



Um- 

bev 
ln% 

Hor. 

n s«-rioii« 

I ' IS »f I •*»■*»!' 

liiil 
lir.. 

Sill, 
liU' 
lio« f,„,„, 

Ki-inhardt 



«liultf«ll. In 



Mil' 



II 



nmnif Hm 




tltkmt 
<m wklek h* alMMli »rm la 
••• cf kaaaa •pvarli. TW i 
MlJliatMMit nr lli«> ritfUirr ; I 
w AriMiM rrmpiiirvt. In 
'• imi) aMMlt) to 
 <-m " l>apalM fir 

•ml 

. Owi 

•.■ f r. ... .. ...HI ijulm %f9m 

•I a HTumnukr i4 IIm* «hw Imi| 
gmptr MMia'.. IMIaiMl IMH 
grtiiniiiani of Cnt'k ami lAtiil by i'*H) : SfMl Vt 

n-oontly pniiliiritl a Krammir ■' «ml Lalia ia 

ooliitnns by Uiomann aiMl (Sim-I/ Tbvf* ia tm 

said for tho ip-nonil priiiriplo. Ii ,■>■• aiinM^ l at 

If, in tho fiitiin-. It inakaii It imi lungrr MMMHsry far 
mid piipIN to play tho gmmn rt fmm qanatloaa uti 
aiiwors, or to IihIiiIkk In Ihoaio. - naagMlaMB < 

tho Willi' thing by iliffi-ront im <liCi>fiaat 

«nim' iiAim*. Oim< point in favour '4 ii,o 
involvoK no violont broak with tho piul ; Um oM baiSl 
of tonus is still iiMsl, lint in HPliani whioh aro «vm 4a( 
oaiwblo of application to 000 sad all •■( Ibc bingMg 
tniiliiioiit. 



imrallol rolu.. 



Corrcsponbcncc. 



"UNWRITTEN LAWS AND IDEAL 
TU THB BOITOK. 

Sir, I should not trouble you with a lot tor in rv^i 
■ort uf lit^'rary critioiiun, but a romark wbioh imlifvall 
thn oharnotor of a nuin with tho hiKh^"' powiltbj slaiMb 
diflor«>iit niattor. I sluill Im moat (rmtcful if you will 
to say that your r«>viowor of " Cnnrillon Ljiwa " M 
givi'!* an onliroly wrong impmmion wbon ho makni Ibe n 
stiiti'iiiont that Mr. lloywiuHl "oxhort.t Imyn at pablir * 
rnis«> tho moral tono of these acnta uf kurning bjr cullivi 
prarlioo of t4ilc-lM'«riiiK>" 

ThiMO who know tho wrltor to be Ibo wml of kniKNir 
no attention to a criticism no nliviouikly uixjitst ; but al 
i>f Literaturt ha%'o not aeon tho r»ay. wborc on paffv 
HoywoiMl says : — '• Happily, a Imy ia wvor llkelj' tn eo 
talo-lM>aror an anything but the muml wwitwilllhhi c 
lioingii," ami nore to tho name oCeet ; b«t aHlMMigk ha 
to nay " no one can hate a aaeaJc aMwe than I <bt." Iw 4 
(in oniumon with raiMt of Um ■Mtera at tbo gmU paMie 
there are exceptions whieh aa|cht to bp ilralt with by a 
coilc of honour:—" A had c««o of bullyinic by whiofc a 
In* arriounly harmed " (pago 'JiN^). and "ifnira ote w t-^ 
morality with which they (tbo boy*) tl i u aa iilT ta ar>- ■• 
cope" (|)ag«< 21)6). 

Yonr reviewer in <iom«»what Inaoonrato In aarlnf; , 
volynn " recoitiim>nd» ilisohetlionro to tho c»nimant1< of E 
His only nllintinn to the aabject i« a<i Iblknra:— '* We alH 
in a spirit of loyal olM<«lie«ei> to tb* WalHiiia, aasloaa al 
g!>-e cnnonioal ol»e«lionco. _- hW gmttr aita 

ready to take his fatherly n.i I l« loral bh 

tho utmost reaiwi-t. .\t tho same time we Mai 
oven a Bishop has no richt to hoM rr<|niraamta wb 
merely a|>on his own imiiviiliial O|>inioa. hat in bintsi^ll 
to the laws of the Chiiri-h and mif '• ' •-••••«titotJa«ially." 

One feels onlv ton thankful ' wm lake %k» 



186 



LITERATURR 



[Fcbruji 



Mid to*eiMHMmei tlie obvioun Mlvanlaffrs of Iho nioniloriaJ 
•y*l«ai. The ■«■■(• from Mr. Trcrolysn'a BHiolo which Miu 
Pttc«lni qwMca aMMH to m to •momt to a r«roiniiicadation 
to tlie deriy to ohpjr their bUhopH if thojr Hgrur with thimi, but 
not oCJMnnsc* 



Hutbors anb publisbcrs. 

 — 

We umtcrktaiMl that Dr. Mart!iM«a luui Ivlt niti|>lc inatorial 
for a full biuicraphy in tho farm <if jouriinN nml h'lli'rx. It Ih 
to lie hnperi that u^niiii|; will !»• taken by imiiiy rt-ocnt oxampleH, 
ami that this bio((raphy will not be made too full. 

Pnaey had tlio appariMiily iiioxhauHtible inlcrot.t iif (he 
•• Oxford Mowmont " to holp HIh aitoKtollc Kiic<-«>HNiiin «f 
iliktinipiiithol liiaf;raphcn<. Rut tht* four nuipio volunKi* of his 
full bioinvpliy liaxo lM>(>n h«nilicap|M<<I hy their mi<r<« wcIkIiI aii<l 
enat, and the author of tlio " Lifr of t'linrl<-?t I>i\viI<t " Iuih Inm-u 
«NBniiaaionnl to write an in<l<-p<>n<lent liricf l>io^'i'nii)iv. uhii-li 
may hare a better ehanc« of a general rircnUtion. 



Mr. R. T. Frr<«niantU' — one of lhoynun|j;eKt I»iKlon pulilishcPM 
— has in preparation a new M»ri€>« under the Keneriil nlitonthip of 
Mr. Antlrew L^nfc, doalinK with tlie" Konuiuoe ami History of the 
Great Kamilie* at the United Kingdom." Mr. Lang will lie 
reapoosiblo for the " House of DimKlas," and contributen a 
Reneral preface to the first rolome, " The Houao of Percy," by 
Oerald Bn> 



Mr. (S. W. Steevcns had Immju nt work for some time Ijoforo 
fcl« death upon a novpl. Unfortunately it was not fluislied, unless, 
indeed, wliirh is lianlly possible, he hnd found leisure to work at 
It during the eventful days of the nlogv of Lnalysmlth. It would 
be intereatiog to aee what so clever a deseriptivc writer «-a» able 
to Hake of llrtinn. Every boo<I jouninlist of tlio s|iecial cor- 
Mapoodent type is a |iotentinl novelist, and Mr. St««vens hnd 
deeper qualitiea than those even of a very goo<l journalist. One 
poatharoons volnme of hb will api>ear in any i-as<> — the volnine 
eootaininK the Hke(chi>s of I»ud<>n that he wrote for the iMihi 
ilaU, which, by the way, has not yet publishc<i all of them. A 
eollertod edition of the youns writer's works Is spoken of, bnt it 
WQttld be almost a pity tu seek an enduring form for books which 
were only intended to be of the nxnnent. 



We reirret to hear on tlie eTO of going to picas of the 
dcnth of Kir M'ilUam Hnntcr. We shall hope to give some 
account nf his literary wtirk next wic<'k. 



Maeterlinck, in spite of his false start in Kn^land, thanks to 
the too flatterinfr nick^namc, " The Belgian Khakes|Mtire," givi-u 
Wm lijr M. MirlM-au, is now recognized -as taking a high pla<t« in 
C9aatemp'>rary literature. The literary critic awaits with interest 
him two new plays, SitUr Beatrice and Orvitm ami HI urt^t, rrl , iKith 
written in unrhjrmod hezaaHters. The KuKlixh render Is to have 
tramdationa in Manit Tone bjr^Mr. Bernnnl Miall, hiniwlf not 
■akaowa as • writer of original vers*'. The story of Hitt<r 
Bmkiet U taken from a Flemish le(;eiid. The nKiiive is familiar 
to Bngliah readers in Mr. DaviiUon's " fiallnd of a Nun " atid'in 
Adelaide Pmrtor's *' Legend of I>r«iveiice." M. MHelerlinck's 
readers will look for a nun lew robust that Mr. Ihividson's, Ichn 
cMnrentional tkaa Mias Proctor's- maybe nomt' grai-eful, ap|M«l- 
iaff piMntoai aUrering In her cell, and reiNntiug imtheiically 
that nhe b aoi happjr. But we shall w>e. Both of M. 
Marterliaek's new pieoni am Ix-ing m-t lo music. M. Keti< 



a lit accompaniment for wluit a more syu 
eallt<d Maeterlinck's gimi*temeiU /i-iUutttnent 

.\iiM>ng the now novels which are promisi 
publishing season — unless the war |M>Nt|MMi 
"The (inteli»ss Barrier," by Lucas Malet, ni 
with life ill h^Hxex, as much of tiiN Inst r 
Morrison, and Mr. Cnn-kett's " Little Klla ^ 
Hopi>'s new tale, "Tristram of Blent," i 
MrCtun't Magazine. Is McCluif't nl-ui 
American magiucine " which has been lucky 
new s«'rles of "condensed novels" from M 
Mr. Bret Hnrte cnn imroily the styles of tl 
cleverly as lie |iar<Nlieil the older novelists, t 
iiM'nt ill Ktor<> for his renders. Dickens ni: 
Mnrrynt.Chnrb's lieiule,\Vilkie('oirniN, DiNrnr 
Miss Braddon, and Mrs. Henry WimmI, Hugoi 
among his first victims of his (Nirody. Who \ 
Im> ? Mr. Menslith luid Mr. Henry .Iiimes ' 
The choice is emimrrassing in Its wealth. 



^^'e are very glad to aee a new departnr 
Mndie in the new catnlopie they have jiuit 
in their circulating Libniry. Cntalogues 
classes of ixtsoiis those who want a Inxik by 
those who want a (Mirticulnr book ; and thimtt 
a subject. Konghly spenking, this <livisi 
positive, com|»nmtive, and the superlative o( 
reader who wants " any thing of Mrs. Henry \ 
on the pliiiic of the reader who has some rej 
reiul one particular Ixiok by that nuthores) 
that the latter may Im> simply yielding to tl 
attractive title. But neither of th<-iii certaii; 
consideration as the earnest In(|iilr<>r for p 
The Interests of this last individual nr»» rr 
cntalogue, which, retaining the alphal>etic 
names and Itook titles, now comprisi^ alsn 
biography, drama, archniology, s|H)rt, and i 
are pretty exhaustively sulKliviilc<l -flight o 
under such titles as Literature, Tlu-ologj-, 
An excce<lingly useful list of the lKX>ks Ikt 
major and minor campaigiiH of the past Imlf-ci 
uuilcr " Military Arts." This new feature, 
the plan of putting all an author's works iim 
alphabetical place, makes the catalogue not 
Messrs. Mudic's sii1i^i'i-iInTv Imt In itself i 
referenoo book. 

The most iiii|N>rtuiil tli<-<ilii)(ii'iil Ihi 
Messrs. Mnciiiillan will Is- " The AiMK'nly|mi 
stiiil.v <>r the l<<>velati<)ii of St. .lohn, by t 
Benson, eilit4-<l, as ali-endy stat<sl In Lilriiilui 
Miss MargnM't lieuMin. The nmiiiiscript wi 
bishop pi-n<'tically complete. Another fort lifoiii 
is St. Luke's (losiM'l III (Jns'k, nfter the \ 
t<*xt, e<lit<sl by the H<v. Arthur Wright, M 
of yue«'n's Collegi', (.'nmliridge. This preseiiti 
at length, with |mrallels from St. Matthew, 
John, the four (ios|M-ls Is-ing nrmng<><l In I 
o|M'n (|uarto |Higes. Brief liitnMliiclloiiH and n 
to critical qiM-st ions and giV4> the solution 
holds de<-ldi>d views, laith doctrinal and critic 

A new hnlf|M'iiiiy London morning new* 
diU'<tl in a few w<s'k's timi-'liy Mr. (". Artliiir 
is to Ihj the Itiiily ErprtM. 



rohnmry 10, 1900.] 



LITRRATITRK. 



•• Do Bcllo Dallioo," Bonk I.. mliU<d hr A. C. LI<I<MI. IJnnk V. 

of tlir miiiu- wiirk, »><llt«««l liy A. HfvnoIfU, anil *• S. % from 

<'I«M<ri>," tMlitiHl l>.v .1. K. Chnrlixt. I iiifunn with t i 'i<wl 

CliiHHii'H Mi~i<.rx. H«'ll nrf liriii|;>*iK ""• '» '"'«' "mti"^ .■. I..,.-., ..ili-il 
Ijitiii l{i<u<l<>i-H, IM-Kiiiiiiii); xlinrlly with " Srnlw I'rirnB'," Mirnpli' 
HtorioH 1111(1 fnlili'M for tniii'ilittloii, with luittti itiid v(M'nliiilnrif>«, 
liy .1. (i. S|M>iicrr, B.A., mid " Hi-iiln- MtMliif," cxtrnctx frr>in 
Kiitrii|iiiiH iiikI Cii'fUir, with iiolfti ii'iil vrN-nliuUry by I'l-rry A. 
Utiilirliiil. M.A. " Ib-ll'x (iil<'rm<-<linl<> H«>ri)x< i>r Clniwlfnl 
AiiMiorM," In niiolhiT new wrli-M. It follnwH Mr. ('<i»k«orthy 
<'(iin|iti)ii'>t <<<(llliiii <>f " ('n<>JUir'N S««v<Mifh <'iiiii|uil|ni In dniil." 
|iiiIiI1mIii'<I M<vi>rnl ynirM )i|;o iiiiil now lit itM fourth itlitioii. Tho 
Unit of tho Mi'W voliiini-H will Im< " Thi< .^tht^ninnit In Hlclly." 
(MlitiNl l>v th«< Rev. W. ("ookworthy Conipton, nnil " Homor't 
0<Iy»soy,"B(M)lt XI.," <<«lltc.l liy K. ('. Miirrhnnt. Miimpt. IJoll 
nr«< aNo Ntnrtiii); ii •<crli's of ScIimkm- KcnilcrM in niiitiniintinii of 
thi> " Kli'iiMMitiiry Boliiny," liy I't-n-y (irooin, M.A.. |iiilill>ihi-<l 
» iM>ii|ilc of yi-nint Imck, nnti now In lis h(>i-oimI nlltion. Thi> 
xcioni'x •M-rioH it iM'iiiK oilitol liy Mr. <iroiini nntI l'rofo«<ior (!. 
M. .Mini-hln. iinil is ilcsi(;iio<l to mipiily Ihi- wniitn of ii|i|M>r form 
!<tniU>nl<*. Tho two forthcoinint; voluini'« nro " Aninml Fhy- 
siolopy," hy <i. (". lioiirno, M. A., mill "Th«» Hlmlont'n UynnmlcH," 
liy HrofoHMor Mlnchin. 

McNsrs. A. aiul C. BInck lm%'« two rather novel iiorif>i« In 
hand. Ono Ih n sci'Ich of " Dowrlptlvi' (ji'iigrnphu's," by l>r. 
HorlxM-tson and K. I). llfrlH-rtson, B..\. Tlirc-o voluini^ nr«« 
oxpootod by .lunc ; and nnotlior thrtH) by the *>nd of the yo«r. 
Moisrs. Black's " M»Mnory Maps ' — nnothor new idon — we notire 
Kl.sowhcrt'. 

MonMrM. Binoklo ami Son arc* puMhlnj; on with their new 
llUistrntcd I^itin Series. Kneh volume Im now Usued in two 
forms, with or witliont the viH-almlary. Amonf; the next 
additions will Im> " \'ir(til- Aenoid III.," <Hlile«I by Professor 
Sniidfoi-d, and " Virgil— (Jeorpic I.," edile«l by S. K. WiiitMilt, 
M.A. The next volnine in the well-known Warwick Shake- 
»|M>are will 1m> Kinti Joint, edited by Profi-tisor ('. Moore Smith, 
the editor of Hnini I', in the sani<' series. Anionp other 
eoiniii); e<liient ioiml works may Imi inentioneil " French Stories for 
Mlildle and I'pper Forms," by Professor \Ve<'kley, the author of 
" Prliii«>r of Historical French Grannnar." IUh new volume 
consists of a collection of live stories by NixUer, Mrfrlm«?e, 
(iautier. Nerval, and Tiipller, with n short lntro<luction and 
notes in Fr<>nch. The next addition to Messrs. Blaekio's 
" \icforinn Krn Series." Mr. Har<dd E. Oorst's '* Life of LonI 
Beaoonstleld," will )m< published this month. 



Messrs. Blackwood and Soiui, Ilko Mossm. Blacklo and 
Messrs. B<'ll, are making a new series of lllusfmto<I riassical 
Texts, with notes, intnKluclions, \c., a featuro of their 
pn>sent season. The llrsf two voliunes Imve ap|M>ared ; the thiwi 
is " Ovid's Metamorphosi>s " (selections), by .1. A. Vince, M.A. 
The following are some of Messrs. Blackwood's chief liooks still 
in hand : ■" A Short History of the Ancient OnH'ks fn>m the 
Fjirliest Times to the Koman t'onqnest," anti " Outlines of 
(!re<>k History," iKith by P. (Jiles, ,M..\., " IxiwerGreek L'n»«>ons," 
by \V. Lobban, M..\., " Manual of (!re«>k Prose Composition," 
by Professor (Jilbort Murray ; " First Latin C'omp<isition," by 
K. P. Wilson, M..\., " .\ Manual of Classical fJeopniphy," by 
•lohn L. Myr<>s, M..\., "Historical Reader of Fiarly French," (to 
the emiof the llft(M>nth c<>ntury), by Professor HerlH>rt Strong, and 
L. Barnett, of Trinity College, Caudiridne : " .S4>lect Passuffes 
from Fr«>nrli Authors of the XlXth century (Prose and Vers<') " 
With short literary and binp-aphical notices, by L. E. Kastner, 
B.A., " .\ History of Cennan Literature," and " Outlim>s of 
German Literalun-," IkiIIi by Dr. .lohn G. I{olM>rtson, and " .\ 
Spanish Grammar," by William A. Kessen. " Exercises in 
tJeoinetry," by ,1. A. Third. M..\.. will lie out shortly. The 
volumes in pr<>paration for the s«»ries of MiHlern English Writers 
are. Tennyson, by Andr<>w Lang ; Riiskin, by Mrs. Meynell ; 
Gj>or(re Eliot, by Sidney Lee ; Browninp, by Augustine Birroll : 
Kroude, by ".lohn Oliver HoblH>s "; Huxley, by E<Iwartl Chxid ; 
Thackeray, by Charles Wliibley ; and DlckeiiR, by W. E. Henley. 



<'ainliriil|{e Horle* fur NebuoU ami 'I 
yoar or m> ^' 

l«ll|PMMt(<," I 

'• Th«» Kline.. ,„ 

by Mr. B. It. ,al 

Pari VIM , r» 

irf > 

•'*'T' ' - . 

tu wty wh«'ii th«< 
Many npw 
Pitt Pr.~« H«-rli<« 
A. J. Wvalt'H " 



voliinMit will !■< n«ily 
voluiiMii are In prv<|ifini 

two <4 the III' 

OhI KiiKli-h ^ 



out Kngliah Render." Sliuleiil^ 
Mr. Wyatt for his " Knrly (Mil I 

Dr. HiiiiM< Brown U pn 
his " History of Scotlnnd ' 
The (Irst voliiiue, bringing t 
Stuart, has miIiI |iorticiilarl> 

Twii volumes in pn'|inr 
s<<rles of Iho ('iiiiibridge N.i 

nienlioiHsl " EliH-lricily an,! Si 

brook, and the sts-onil volume of " 
Sewnnl's nuinunl for Mtidenls of Imtai 



.4la«w • 

'•try of lfc« 

•itti a trmim 

  UfomWc ' t* 

Mam In tlir ■•■ 

-,* . I. .III,'. 

t b 

tliin fiir ltM> «M 
'iln{( llenM b 
" and " Rh 
' iisllsli will r 
tmnwr." 

->i4l 

■rim 
•■nwioa 

iiirmi and 

ManuaU laiKli 
l.v Mr K. 1 



Pint pinoo In tbn Hat of new odoeatlonal works 
Clar«-ndon Press must If aeeonlett to tl i«a i 

Classical Texts ("S<-rlptoruin Cla«ip«>ruiii . ^ti 

sin "), some uf which we not ice elsewhere. The h 
which will coinprise some thirty authors in all, v. 
by Prof. A. Sidg^viek. Then- will be a lilirmry «tl 
volume in su|M'rior binding, as welt an IIm> onr 
printisl on ordinary nnd Oxfonl India pa|M>r. It »ii 
mentioniil that the Oxfonl Classical Texts are hrinf | 
by the Clarendon Press in conjunction with Mesnni. 
who hail decidisl to bring out n siinilnr seriait, ai 
iloned the idea in favour of the present f.i. i..ilv nrnu 
Mr. .1. Itiirrow Allen, of whoao I^atln Ikm'. hnm 

sold annually, is now IssuinK an " Element ' . ' •; Or 
Dr. W. W. Merry, whose " 8eleete«l Fragroenla o 
Poetry " is in its second edition, has another work li 
the " Pax " of Aristophanes, which be is eilitinit. 
Warington's " Physical .\s|ieels of ,Solls " will I* oat 
and among the numerous other works in pre|>ar*UM 
mentioned " A Frt>neh (irammar " br Mr. A. H. Wii 
" A Textliook of .\rithmetic." by Mr I 
nnd GoelM-l's " Orgnnogrnpbv of Pl;i 
Bay ley Balfour. M.A.. Ph.D. The 
Moore's OxfonI text of the " Divln.T 
Lifi-iiifiirr a few weeks ago, will U» out 



•• fSllll.l 

■«," anne 
.....jtely. 



rol 



(1 



Messrs. Maemillan and Co. mtmrttf--" iv.r 
their Classical Librnry-tlw eoncl«' 
Philippic Orations " of DMnorthene- alwH 

not«>s by Dr. John Sandys, and a new isliiimi r4 the fln> 
of Dr. Walter I>>af's editiim of the Iliad. Thev also 
luind " A History of Gree<H«." by IVnfesimr J. B. 1 
translation of Dr. Harald >1<iffding's " History of 
Philosophy," by B. E. Meyer : and an illiislnite<l ** Rh 
Practical Zoloogy," hy the late Pnrfessor T. J. PiM 
Profesaor W. Ne\vton Parker. 

Mr. Murray has a nnmher at important ednraliowtl 
preiMiration. A liook proinist-d for some tiim* is tiM 
S|iaiiish Course," by l)on KiTM.m.l.i il.- Arii-.n-a. P»n 
Spanish at Oxford I'nivi plai 

Williain Smith's well-kiioui irt I 

" Spanish Coiirs4> " |k ihiwl—. ii que nrw fi«tiir<< in tiMt 
the old-fashioiiisl OlleiMlorflan aMiUwes in llliMratiat 
gramnuir and inst«<nil maken iisp of phr --saia 

are likely to prove of pntetical •«■• t. aMI 

of business. The " P, i-umpIlM 

Warn> Cornish. M..\.. ' 'oU«||a, i 

title imi'' rocH 

school ' •  ioa 



138 



LITERATURE. 



[Febnmrv 



' gMtcMUoti uf Vudnitii mmI whtiuluoy* 
I of thv liMCVktic dlacoreriw of tito priNNHit 



tkrjnmch ti,tl 
xuwe fd the rVMJi 
.tay. 

Tlir nost volwMB In tb« Ptogrtmiv Sclcitce 8t>rii<« will lie 
"Ob WImW." by ike ttlii.ir. Mr. F. K. Ii.«l<liinl tojlia 
MblUMnJ^dMrtly— Mid " llorrtllt.v," hy Mr. J. Arlhiir ThoiuMNl. 
Kmir nffMr. Murray's new •• Hnikly C'laHMii-itl M«|>« " h«vo 
iilr«««l,v IwxMi piibtlUMNl, MmI havf prnvtHl |Ki|iular. 



Mr-Mirt. Swan Saonaaaebrln have many acicnliAe «t>rkii in 
ImmI. Mr. WllfrtNi Mark WvUh. curator of Kton Collofco 
Mninm, is pr«^psrin(; an illUHlmliil M-ri)i< cnlliNl " RinloKicnl 
Types in Uie VeKeUblo Kinplom." ICicli lutrt will iliitl with n 
sil^tl* ^yV* I **<' *''" '**' ■'^-''iM^l in rli<<«i|> fnTm. I*r<)ri-<><u)r 
Birkntoa, of Csntorl.ury (^)ll«>(r•^ N<'w /t-nlaml, hnit wrilt<'n 
" TIm Koimaee uf tlM< Karth." Il il<«U in a |M>|iuUr mniiiior 
witli the eartli in ita n<lalin<i to tlio univprito, ami will Im> 
iltii«lrat>yt. Th<< fiMirlh vnluinc of Ki>rM-li<>ll ami lloi<U>r'a 
** l-jnl>rynliif;y of tlio Invort«»linit«>s," ivmchuliuii lln> wurlj.will lio 
»h<^ly |Hilili<«hcd. It haH Im>«mi lmii«lnlt«l l>y Mn. II. .M. Iii<rnarU 
aiHt Mr. ]klartin J. \V<«Ktwnr<l, «t (hi> lt<iynl ('nllo((<> of S<moiipo, 
Smith Kanainffton, who iranalalo^l the IhinI voluino. A now 
rdiikia MlUr«ly rmrritliMi liy Pmr<<inor llillhouiw', of Mniuui 
rnlrorsity C<>r '" is to l>o insuwl of StmKl)iir(»t>r'H 

" Hnadbook • Another now (hIIi ion whii-h 

is to MWtein a S'HHi tiiMi i>i in«h nuitt<>r will In- Postalo7.7.i'H 

wvH-knowa klndargartcn Imol:, •• How (tortrudo toachoH hor 
Chlldm." tran^latvd ami o.lit«l by Mr. K. Cooko. 

Meaar*. Sonnonwhoin an> alito roprintine " Tho Firnt Throo 
Years cl Childhood," bv Bi-rnanl Pon»7., odit*-*! and translatoil 
by AliM M. Christie. Thoir forthoomluf; l>ook " Early Chlld- 
hood," by Mlas C. McMillan, wc haro already announced. 

The books In preparation at the UnivprHtty Tutorial Press 
rover a wide fleld. One of tlie iiKMt intoro<«linK announcomonts l» 
that at the " Tutorial History of Knglish LiU-mturo," by A. J. 



)Vyatt, M.A., who Ih also pre|wrin|r' a ronpli 
Kliiciiah for^ tho Cniubridiio I iiivontity ProM 
e«>ui|>laint npiiuNt Humllor liiNtorios «>f litornl 
atloni|>t t(Mi much, anil fail to |iit>w>rvo duo 
Wyatt in tli<* Tutorial Hixtory haH only int-idonti 
Issaer iuuuok. Ho nttoui|>l<< what in soldouidoiio i 
iMMk— not only to dom-rilMi the work of tho 
its own sako, but throuj{h it to t4-ll tho Htory of 
a whole. Tlioro sre uuny illuHtrativo oxln 
Tutorial Hintitry of Un|;land," by I'. S. Koitn 
" Matrioulatioii Hintory of F^iiclnml " (juht | 
«I(MiIm with Kn};lisli history to tho ond of tho m-vi 
will lie linin;;lit down to tho )iroM'nt lime. Tli 
to tho pi(;ht<'4>ntli and ninot«HMith contni-ios wil 
INiKeM, '• First Stntjo Miitlioniatii-s." t*<lit(><l b; 
M.A., LL.B., will o4>nliiln nil tho Knolid and' 
for tlH> llr>t staKo oxaniination in nmlhoniat.ioN o 
Art I)o|iartniont. " Tho Tutorial Al(p*bni. 
Dcnkin, M..\., will oontnin, ainnuK other fon 
dovoltHi to tho MiiNtak)>H nuido by lH>(;innorH in alj 
to dot<-<-t and corrivt thoni. in " Tutorial-Arilh 
Workman, M.A., ohaptorM will Ih> K'^'en on 
lyiiiK in tho iMirdorliind lM>t\vo4Mi iirltlimotio an 
hiivo aM yot. riN-olviMl Mi-nnt .-ittontion in Knjjli' 
tho " Thistry of I'ironlntinp iKM-inuiU " and t 
the Theory of Nuuiliei-x." To oai'li ohiiptor \\ 
Moolion ftivinK brieflv the historv of tlio h\\\ 
" First Kt«K« Botany." by A. J." Kwart. D..So 
niM't the r<«niir<>nient« of the eleinoiitnry ex 
Sciono<> and .\rt Department. Tho niinilM>r o 
uwhI will l»o rextriotwl, an they are found a 
blook with l)eEinn<'r«. Tho »tructure and 
tin"at«><l jointly in oonnoxion with each orifnn 
diM-UHMNi in doflnito HoetioiiH ax i.s iiHUally doii 
faet nn-ntioncHi will lie llluHtrated olthor by 
doscriplion of an ex|H'riinent. 



LIST OF NEW BOOKS AND REPRINTS. 



ARCHITBCTURB. 
The Whit* RotM of Chupohee 
9t tttm Xlth C«atupv. l'<u:<-- 
trom Um Morr nf iil,w-t-r 
CMhadml br Uw t'rrv Hrr II li. 
JCaBnMr.ll.I)..I>asa<>(i.l'«i.'<-i"r. 
•»Wlk,)U.-fai(pi>. IxtxiMii. I'.iaj. 

iViii. :«. lii. II. 
A Hl aC osy of OoUilo Art In 
Ka^tjuid. Br IE. & /Vior. Ill x 
Tim. ilv. . HSpp. Lofidnn. Dm. 
RelL lta.M.B. 
ART. 
OnHo CHvaUl. Br O. ITSta 
Itmml^ank. lUrsst Ma<«OT« H « ri e»>. 
• kMu^ m pp. Undas. IMn. 

RpIL aa.n. 
BIOORAPHY. 
A Msmoir of Hap Royal 
HIchnasa PHncaaa Mary 
Adalalda, Duohaaa of Ta«k. 
I vuU. H> I . A'. (o;lu 1.I..M. 
•«l(ia., STL<^«ai>atp|k Loodoa, 
MM. Manmr. Ifc. 

■■■kla. BTM.t/'- 
«. Si 'ilia.. Mpn. U 

TVmII ml 

ur* or oiMPtM Ttomiis- 
■M. r JLaL 4M. Br JCsnr 

- ^^,4;j_ 

Br jTw. 

T|><M>a-. VPP- liOfidon, 

IMk. Mumllbto. ft^ 

TM^HIMopy of th* Life of 

nooiaa Bllwoo«L Hr C. O. 

f>mmp. 71'ftiln.. XBpp. T 



FICTION. 
Til* Watara of Bdap*. Hj: 

Ihiida, TJxiiln., SI8 pp. Ixmdon. 

Il*«i. Unwln. IK 

In Old New Yopk. Hr tt'U»o» 

Itnrrelt and Kltryn Harron* 7| x 

■>iiii.. <lo pp. Ixindon, IHnu, 

Maraiioon. Am. 
Undap the Linden. Br OHInn 

I'aitr, 'iAbiiu.. ^1 pp. I>ondon, 

KOI. IiIk*>>'. I<<>nK. Hk. 

The Chain of Clpcumatanca. 

Hy T. H'. .S'/x-.(/A/. 71  .Slhi.. .TJi pp. 

Ixttidon. IMIl. Iliifli). lAinK. lU. 

The He«pt of the Danoer. Hr 

I'rrru Whitr. 7l..%lln.. SM pp. 
l»rKlnn. l*.<iii. HiitchlnMon. tU. 

With Swopd and Cpuolflx. Ky 
K. S. fan /Mr. 7)  .SUn.. Wl) pp. 
l/>nfl(in. v*t\. Hnr|H-r •■•. 

Quaap SIda Staples. Hj J. K 
Su/lir-tn. Hi , jiin.. »a int. I<on- 
•(..ti 1 '•' I>owney. 

Flah' Luofc, and other 

It U". Hy //. loa 

/>li . . .. 217 pp. lx>ndon, 

KBRl isxiipMMi liow. Ih. Ad.n. 

'Ileniirrsotlon. Hy I'nmir Uon 
TalaUtt. Vot II. Tntn.Uuiid br 
M. T. dr \V}u.Ma.;i>4|ln.. ISNpn. 
fsrU. Wru Pcrrin. Kr.l 



HIatoploal Tales fpom Shaka- 

apaape. Hy A. T. i^nillrrCourh. 
7)  .S|ln.. 308 pp. Ixiiiiliwi. Il«>i. 

AriiiilM. IV-. 

Vlotop Huce lo Phlloaopha. 

Hy Ch. Heitourlrr.7i^*\iu.. :flllpp. 

Colin. KrJ.*!. 




FOLKLORE, 
of Maxloan 



Folk> 



CntAlofua 
lore Colleotlon. iriic I'ubliia- 
IkMHof tin rolklxir* Korirly.l Hy 
F.fK€trr. •xAtln., IMpp. l/ondoii. 
Null. 



Ms«l«. Br W. H'. Hktal, 
IKiHn., xxl. ••>». I^ondon.nni. 
MMtnlllan. 11*. n, 

HISTORY. 
A tnmmry of Spain. * volik 

Mmiar Msnln ll<r ;«.. 

HxL^^IW^mpp. I 



l>arlK, lUKi. 

MILITARY. 
Oup Opeateat LI vinar Soldlaps 

Hy C. I.ntrr. 7|  .'.lln.. 17.S pp. I.<>n- 
 lon. Itao. ( halloa W'iniliP-. 3«. Hil. 

MUSIC. 

Mow to tall the Natlonnllty 

of Old Vlollne. -)«lln..WpD. 

lyotiduii. llimi. Ibiiriiiir & Co. ^ td. 

POETRY. 
Come, Followr tha Drum. Hy 

J. U Hrrtnn. 7) .ilii.lHpp. Uin- 
ftuii. llll't. .M.ir<in<.i.n. N. II, 

Wavaps of Battle. 1864-1800. 
Hv F nml //. t.uMhintiton, 7Jx 
bin.. .Vi pp. I.UIHI011. IK>i. 

Miu'iiilllHn. la. n. 

POLITICAU 
"Mandlnar" and "Endln*** 
tha Houae of LoPds. Hy .Sir 

U: i-hiirUv. g.c.. Ii.C.I. 7ix&ln., 
It)6pp. I.<iiid<>n. IWi. 

SliMi.kin. MiirKball. KM. 
Dod'a Papllnmantapy Oom- 

P anion. I900. I).:ilii., MR po, 
iniliHi. POI Willi liikir. lo.M. 

Dabpett's House of Commona 
and Judicial Banoh for I9O0. 

I>> ' lilll.. I.Vl pp. IxHiilnn. I'.KI. 

I Kntn. I N. 

REPRINTS. 

The Complete Wopkn of Bpot 

Hapta. V..1. X. : n. 

l/>i«l..ii l'.»i Chatl' 

OnPWin'B Joiirn;. !;e- 

■earohae.ri ' '.i 

7| -4(11 . tW p|. 



I Tha Hlatop^ 
Vathak. Ii 

l->l. bv .1. I 
ITT^pp. l.<iiidon 

Tha Compli 
Shakaspaa 
HiiHcriiiiliirul 
IMI. 7i • Mill 
I/Oiiil<in. lUm. 

The Pplnoe* 
lIViiipli. Kil.l 
don. I!ic«i. 

AJoupnalof 
Hy lliinirl I, 
OaHd., 318 p|i. 

SC 
Text-Book 

Veil. I. Hv 
Tnin"liil<-I liT 
IHx6ln.. 711U PI 

BOC 

L'Offlolep at 

oalaa. Hv " 

;i.r,i-,.- :|. 

nam. 
Da I'Educnt 
Jaunea Fl 

Temp" l*n-«<. 
e|x41ln., twpi 

s 

' Football. H 

I opoaae. ilh 

J. H. ('. Frun 

tin., IW pp. 1 

, THE 

I The RedatT 

! s«.nii*>ii" bv i 

' .'lln.. 7.1 pp. I, 

Lerallsad \^ 

on Ih"' Trnifis 
f'hnjnnan. 7' 



Jitcnitiuc 

Edited by Tt. $. tn\\\. 



No. isa. HATURDAY. FKUm AUY 17. WOO. 

CONTENTS. 

iwaR 

NoTKH or THK DAT 130. no, HI. U2. IW 

I'KHMiiNAi. ViKWH— " An Extinct T3ri>«'.'' by *'• Frankfort 

M<«>it. 144 

Mtoiiikh and Pi.ayh 145 

'I'lii: lliiKitM AND TiiKiii Taal 140 

H KV IKWH - ' 

The (in-Ht (^>m|Minv 148 

1^1 ('oniiiii'tliii tli l>iiiiU> AliKl>i<<i'i 148 

Thi- PanKliHoof Diiiit." AUKhiprI 140 

I.iii'lis mill I,<H'li-l''i.sliinK 14U 

'lliK Itii<lir«« of TiM-k .liitin I!ii-kln TT. ' * " ' 'V-Miiii—FtT* 
Ijn^il Ovfniil Iji'iiilri-M 'rhi> Ltfp iiT ' iiu- Thu 

l.ir« iif Tlii.iim-. KII»i'.hI I'viviriil.l- Miifi,nr.« 

<'uin|t4<niliiilii Ci'iirritl II >' ' • iti liaiv ' li%l 

)tu>(Miun N'ax'.v HlitrlM'unl 'iln, iiiul l> ill. 

IliH-krv. iiKil Lnrro-^f 'I "niilv !•! V 

lllrliiiluv I- : : .!i| 

llt'iii'h 'I lid 

Cliiin'li of 

Willlnlil Mi:ilM ~pi Ml.' I IK' llrl.h-^ Mlnoi I l.i' lliliii' ••! Ih« 
Aiirlihl MiirliHT TlM-draiMiimrof Si'lmro ... l.")(», 1.">1, l."i2, l.Vl 

I'.-ii-son Kflly IKl 

lliiii.KMiit.M'iiY Rtivnt Holxtol nnd (V>ll<>gi< MiHtnrU-H ... 140 

IjliltMtV NoTKM 147 

I .11 liiiilvanl Iv i-H (Mr. Clivo 

! Ill I'n.-.' (!■ mill thi- Olil 

iK'ilcrio I' I , (.Mr. Uollon 

Kill;;! li.irim-U'lc'r'K llictoriial (''rciicli lit'aitiiititr I.Mr. I'igftit 

■1".>"1«*» \Xi, l.M, 155, IGfl 

.\l TIIDIIM AND Pl'IM.ISJIKMS l."l(|, Jf)?, lOX 

[.lav OK Si:w HiioK.s ani> UKrHiN-itt irjS 



NOTES OF THE DAY. 



Thoro h«M boon formctl in Now York n " National In.stltiito 
of .'Vi'ts mill Lotti>rs " with Mi-. C'lmrlf»M Diiilloy Wiiriior fur its 
proNiiloiit. A llrNt k'oix'o ot. Mr. Warner's iniinKural s|>oocli 
I«>ii<l» lis to tho oi>inion thnt tho Instltnto is too nmhitioiis to l)o 
nsoM. It proposes not oniy to loolc nftor tlio nmtcrini intorctits 
of BUtliors, hut nlso to " iliscoiirnRO niodiocrity niiil morctrioioiw 
smartness l)y kooplii); iilivo tlio tmilitioiis of f;(xxl liloratiire." 
Tliat is to say, it pr<>|ioses to coinlMiin tlio fund inns of tho 
Knftlish Incor|>orate<l Society of Aiitlion with thoiio of tho 
KnMioh .\on<Iomy of Lottors. 

TliP ponpoplioii Is wortliy. In fnpt, of tho country of tho 
Falls of NiaRnrn, tho River Mississippi, nnit tho Chicnp> Kx|>o<<i- 
tion ; bnt It will have to bo carriwi out in tho fnco of gront 
prnpticnl (liniciiltips. From tho imint of vIpw of a sopioty of 
authors a l)ook is incrtily a piece of projierty ; fr<nn tlio point of 
viow of an ac4i<U>my it is worthy of no attention nnloM it is a 
work of art. To roponi'llo those two <livpr);;pnt points of view in 
n sin>;l«> nssopiation will prolinlily prove too niiiph evpn for 
Amerlen, ns it li.is iM-on too nuieh for Fraiipp, where the SociiHo 
Ues Oeus ilo Lettres siipploinents the work of tho Acntlomy, but 
does not attempt to interfere with it. 




Published by 7,lit 7\mti, 

lh« rail Uilnir. TiM Arta and IIm» Cnfta | 
In ihm apirtt oT Um p&ttnrmmnmm tt Bm Ja 
mmA tm mim Riail tn knar UMt Umm b 
pnrfiinnanM> boliiir rrprvlnl !■ Iha •mmmv. 

• • • • 

•• M'hy Oraff la liMtarllMk 1" om aiiitbl m»k « 
L. Conrtnvy, wtio (pivn bi> ftnl laetatv on •• (iroak Tnt 
tbo Ko}-al Institution tbU Mook. Bnl, in fori, kU rwt 
" tbo romantic molanrlmly nuto of «hirb Maotortiavk 
MorriN, Buruo Jonoa, lionaetti. ami otketa vwf* tkn *i 
our day " waa Urn moat iiitoro»tJng tklng In tlM< 
Apparently, tboiiffh tbo lapori to aot qaii* aiaar, Mr. 
found in the (irevk choma aomrthiac "f ti>* •■•i puilail 
nuMlorn writom. Bnt natioas, like imlividMla. I 
melnnchoty of tiioir own, oonipoMmlni of mtmy ■jiiil 
from iimny olijoctit." Tbo (ireok aMdaaeboly wia tf 
as tho old Coltip, or an «olf-«oaapiu«M as tlw —a lati i 
And dospito Morris and Itomotti, the plant baa Mover I 
on Angli>-Sa\nn soil. Wu should like lu bare haenl a li 

from Mr. Courtney on this intoraatinf aiikilMt. 

• • • • 

The reality of war, a.<i apart from tho conrciilinnal 
tho jlnf;o iKillail, is flnety p|pture«l In tko Votmmi « 
Franklin LushliiRlon and his broth<>r llonrjr wrote in III 
tho Crimean War and tho Inttinn Mutiny, called " U 
Oattlo." Sir Franklin now ro-iiu>uo» Ibcni (Macnillaii, 
an additional lyric by bimM^lf calkxl a.D. I80O " Play 
Came." Thoro aro flno liiioM ami Ann rtilniiw la 
verses. " Alma," by Sir Fniiikliu I^isbinKton. bl«a 
spirit of a victory too ilcarly bought : — 

Oh, the gallant hearts that nm lyia|C cold ami »till 
On tlie slo|H>s below Iho summit, on th<> pUtcan of I 
Oh, the gallant hearts that ar<> sobbing out their <•> 
• As the ebilly nightwind «>an'hi's tbmngb flm 
bullet bolcn I 

•  • • 

But iltHtry LaobinKton's «• Tbe UtmA tn tbr Tranel 
of the drt<ary patboH of tho snow fhllinir qelMiT eiion I 
and his longer |>oem " iiikerniann " am tiM keai tbini 
lMK>k. The latter reminds one of the prove of Mr. Strplw 
It stamps tho srcuo on tbo mimi with ««cb t oecko a«— 

Tbrongb th4« dim dank amminic 

O'er wopfj itroewl. and still, 
ThooiMMls. tktwHaerta. ihooMiMfc 
Aro croepInK ap tko bill. 
It ««s the charge of tho Zooaroa that aavod ike i«hl. 
fir the Frencb who ramt AM rcenrae wkea Ikat inr 
rowillod T 

Siiort the s paee we needed 

T. .na: 

Then h FrcnrkaMfi 



140 



LITERATURE. 



[February 



Mr. 8m(I in c«ial(«ntnK tb«t Stoano Manuacript* found a Tolano 
mrMigtr lottoiml which tumfd oat to Im  jonriml kept by 
Admiral BUlco'a puna>r, brglnning with tho Mixlitorrancaii 
n>j«i;(» c^ in&l. ami cmbraring tho greater |tart t>f the great 
Adadral'* ««h»<«nK>nl ««a»<eer. 

• • • • 

B^Mi life in Ita intallectual iifo i« to be well repraa on tad 
at ihe I'arl* Kxhibitiou, though aiMM o( the arrangeiMnta for 
that pml arc at prcwmt InohoalA. The progmnma of tho 
^Ulw^atitwal Swtion, howerer, l> now coroplol*. How will our 
nlf tin— I qr*t<M l» pnaentcti to tho ryos of tlio fon-ipior ? 
Tke at>lM>tk« kaa been OMde rmm tho oshibitlons hold during 
the fai«t <«is mnnthH at Cardiff, Rilliiburgh, and London, and It 
ia the nr>»l tlmo that ail sldos of h:np;llsh, Sootch, and Irish 
education havf liron dralt with in thix way. Indcod, wo bclicvo 
«r> are right In ttaying that It is tho Orst time that alt Mdcs of 
««liiraiiou (primary, nocondary, toohnlcal, and unlvorsity) havo 
lit>en brought togpthcr <>o an to Include tho whole Knglish syHtom. 
The rnl*cMiti«>H and tho Pulilic Schools will Itc well represented ; 
Imt tho limits of Hpaoo cauitc many schools to bo paaaod over 
which «lo«»rvc«l roprcsontation. The English, Welsh, and Scotch 
aeetiona will tic kept distinct. It will bo nn o«lucationa1, and in no 
•Mines trade, oxhiliitinn, and will show Kurope that wo really 
hare an educational system. It will also, it is to be ho|>cd, 
aroaae incrcesed Interest In odncatlonal matters among our own 
|ienple. Mr. Kabisn Ware will Xte in charge of the section, 
representing (he Kdncntion Committee of the Royal Commiaaion 
for the Paris Kshibiiion. 

• • • • 

Tke eareer of Sir William ITuntor Is an example of the 
i»ilfc«aa of the cempetltivo ex.imination method of w<lectlng 
Indian ctrtllans. He passed high on tho list and was set down 
to work which Impernllvoly demnr.ded the trained intolllgcnco 
nf the siicc<<osful exnniiniH>. His Im|>orial (>azctteer Is a monu- 
ment not only of Indus! r}-, but also of high literary skill, and n 
talent for organization coin|>arable with that which produced the 
" Kncyclopiedia Britannica," and ia now producing tho 
" DietioiMrjr of National Biography." Tho actual writing of 
It waa« of eoarae, the work of many hands. Some of tho work, 
we betiere. was done anonymously by Mr. Grant Allen in tho 
day* when iiia nana waa aoknown. But Sir William Hunter not 
oaly kaew how to get good aaaiatants, bnt how to securo that 
Ml laru i ity nf (reatawnt which makea hia Oaiotteer read aa 
tboagh a single awa had written it. 

« « • • 

Sir Williaa Haater'a literary reputation, however, by no 
■Haas rests oa the Oaaettaer. Ha began to write aa soon as he 
went to India ; he waa awre active than ever in writing after 
his retirement as K.Cii.I. in 1887. During hb roaidenoe at 
Caleatta be acted for a long while aa correspondent of The Timet. 
Dariac bia aabseqaeat reaidaaoe at Oxford, he took an active 
part ia academical affairs, edited the " Kolers of India " Htrries, to 
wWek be hlnis<-lf cnntrilmled lives of Lord Daihousle and Lord 
Mayo, for the CUrendon Press, wrote hi* Idyll, " The Old 

\ll**l^tf>aw " m l^MiiM.t> lAtn ni f.Anl Msvn. m l.ifn nf Rptsn 



write Ave rolnatea. Tho first only currios the n 

year IffiS. 

• • • 

No date can Im' given yet for tho iipitojiraii 
volume of this history. Kir tJ«'orgo Hirdw.xK! 
Ii«\\x>ver, that In a certain sense tho work wiis 
The great void to lie bridged by tho historlnn 
said Sir (iiorgo tho other night in nililrosHini 
Arts, was from t-lic date of tho clmrter of Qiuhmi 
union of tho VahI India Companies in the llr 
eighteenth oimtury, and Sir Wllllnm lluntoi 
already piiblishoil, togotlior with the second, 
of wliifh had Iteen corroctc<l for tho presM, caiii 
to tho second of thot<e dates. 

• » • 

The late Sir William Duguld Gotldos, 1 
University of Aberdeen, was ii diMtinguisluHl Or 
was tho author of an exc«>llont Greek Grmnnuit 
*' Pha>do " of Pinto, and also piibliNhod some o 
the Homeric probloiu. These Utl to a corrospo 
Into Mr. Gladstone, and to a lasting friondslii 

statesnuin. 

•  • 

Tho Into Dr. Konne«ly, who diisl last we< 

Nonoonfonnist aiut chairman of the Londoi 

Union. But active though his life was, ho wi 

great many l>ooks. " Th<> Divine Life : a Bo 

Histories," written for the Keligious Tract S<m'I 

large circulation. M<»st of his later books dc 

s<inio book or special |)oint in tho Old or New 

was well known for his anti-Komnnlst opinions, i 

vent in his iKwk, entithM " Shall We Go Bn<' 

new (Mlition has lately l)een published of *' Th 

Josus Christ." Ho was niso tho author of " 

Christian Kvidonc<>s " and " Tho IVntat«'iicl 

Authorship." Ho wrote more tlian one biograj 

tion to his original work, he edited " Koxo's 

work «-as charactorlred by lucidity, courage, 

reasoning. Several of his books are still lar| 

liooks in colleges. 

« «  

It will be a matter of no small curios 
workings of the ituskin Union inaugurated tho 
Martin's Town-hall, on tho eighty-flrst annivc 
birth. The i(lc«s of tho meeting se«'ni<><l to I 
Mr. Booth wante<I to pr<>ss the jiolitical ccon 
Courtney thought Huskin's prot««st agai 
especially appnipriatu to tho times; Mr. Frc<lor 
modest, thought that his most elalKtratc pnssaj 
as lessons in t-hK-ution. liuskin's work is, ai 
osod by prarlical toAchors much nioro thu 
suspocu^<l, Tlio late Mr. Wren used to advii 
tho Indian civil cxamlimtlon to iMtruso a pagi 
morning. The cjuostion Is, how far a general « 
can be made profltablo and practicniilo by a un 
lines of Ruskln's art tearhing can Im easil]i 
estlmatn tho truth of his opinions in dolail.his i 
and his unconventional criticisms, it will Ih; 
memlters of tho union to exorcise much di 
prOHOut they have not comniittod themselves 
proposal to encourage " a general study of I 
nainCN on tho council, at any rnU;, angnr well f< 
new union, which is to hold an annual moetlnf 



February 17, 1900.J 



LITERATURE. 



rDiirwi of (Icmnlinnn In ■n'iiiiJ4'r-«lr«M»l, nnd, In i»plt« of It* «({»•, 
No. 54, tn nil oiittvnrd n|>|M-iirniUMii, \n k"***' I'lioiiKh to ln«t for 
iimny ycnrx to roniv. 

• • • • 

The in<w Nlx|M<iiny win-kly Joiiniiil to Im< ntartctl iiiiiI<t ih« 
fMlitontlil|i <if Mr. I). C I^tliliiiry will, on IIh occtr<<liiHtl<-nl hIiIc, 
<-nrry on tlir |>ollry rollowiMl Ity tho Ouitrdinn ttir<)n;;liciiit thi< 
NJxtciMi yonrs <liirlnK wlilcli It «nn nntlcr Mr. liiilliliury'N 
|;i>i<laiii-i'. Tli)> llrHl iiiiinlH'r mIioiiIiI linvi- npiM'antl tliU iimiiiIIi, 
liiit, we niidi'i-Hlnnd, tli)> i|iii»<tliiii of llu' ti(l<> liiui railxiil m>iii)< 
alfliiy. Tlir Tiihiinr wiih tlioii^lit of, hill Hint in nlrt'iiily tNirii)> 
liy n n<<svN|)n)M>r In llic |iri>viii<-<>H. In iHtlillcN lli<> now JoiirnnI will 
l>« I'liiiiiiiNt. It will |;iv<< nil liiilr|H>iiil<'iit Hii|i|iiirt to lx>iil 
SiiliKlitii-y'.H (iovorniniMit, iiiiil iiliii at slinwln;; thai iiii'ii ar<< nut 
worse cilizoiiM, hut lK>tti>r, for Im-Iiij; ('liritliaiiM nii<l I'liiircliimMi. 
It will toiirh nrt, iuumIi-, niiil llio timimi, niiil lit<>rntiir<>, nml 
from tiino to time mimh-o will ln> «>«40rv«><l for romiiiiliilration>a 
M'lltii); out tho vIrwM of thoM< who ilo not iM'long to tlio Chiin-li 
of KiiKland. A now foatiiro will Ik> ccrlrNiaNlicnl rorr(-H|N>n<loiu-i> 
from aliroad. 

 • • • 

There nre perxons who Itelieve that, l>oforo the rominf^ 
reiitiiry lias nllaiiii'd middle nK>>. the novel will cover the whole 
of the literary Held. It will lay its c^K' like the eiiekoo, in tln< 
lu<Nts of all the other more learned and n-N|M-etnhlo hirds, nnd 
e\|Md their ehieks. It will teneh reli;;ion, earry political r<'form», 
anil teaeli hisitory. We have a roojI ileul of hiittory and religion 
<-i'rlainly mixed iip with our flction. and of noeial probloniH of n 
domestir eharncler ; hut not miieh, nt any mto of a projfr«<H.sive 
olianu-ter, in the way of polities. And many people think that 
a novel slioiild lie a novel and not a pamphlet. Still Dickens, 
Charles Heade, ISt-llainy, and others have done the tiling, anil 
done it well, and tliey, nt any rale, luive eslahlishe<l the rijfht of 
the novelist to lie a paiiiplilete(<r if he will. It is <linicuU now to 
realise the state of mind of the " h^linhiirKh Ueviower " of 1857 
who attacked " Littlo Dorrit " not as IwiuR an artistic mis- 
take on the part of its author, hut as illustrating " the 
licence of miHlern novelists " who ouyht to \>c content only " to 
amuse." 

•   * 

This incident is recalled in the intrixhiction, l»y Charles 
Dickens, jiin., to Messrs. Macmillan's new reprint of tho Kir>t 
Kdition. Tho i:<Hiib>ir<jlt li^vieir, then e<lited hy Henry KcM've, 
the Ke>;istiiir of the Privy Council, could not endure the thouKht 
of sncrilcKious hands Iteiiif; Iniil on " the Circnmlix-ution Onice." 
The reviewer delivered himself into Dickens' hands hy selcttinj;, 
of all things in tho world, as nn instance of tho intellim-nt 
enici<<ncy of a (Jovernment ilepnrtment, the history of the |M'nny 
|M>st! .\san account of tho origin and history of "Little Dorrit," 
Mr. Dickens' intriMliiction Is very interestinpr. But ho is, 
naturally enoujjh, not critical. In tho matter of style pnri<ly, 
Dickens is not nt his liest in this novel. His hnhit of ro|»etitii>n 
had iHM-ome a disease. Mrs. Menlle's "Bird! lie C|niet," and 
Flora's " .\rthiir — Mr. ClennaMi far more pro|ier," make the render 
very tired. Phiz's illustrations, too, on which Mr. Dickens d<K-s 
not touch, I'o not compare well with those in other novels. Tliey 
were the lli-st series wliicli Phi/, did not sign. 

* »  • 
Accordiii{; to the latest rumour i-epanling Mr. .\ndrcw 

Carnegie, the fSt-ottish-.Vmerican multi-millionairo pr<»|>«ses to 
endow a Chair of Scottish Litcrnturo in each of tho foar Scottish 
Universities. 



to l«ie«t« aamn nt Ihn annip al • ■omral'* 
einmpln, " And Irt Iho ranakln rllnb, rllnk," " < 
monarch of ilm rliw," '• Kt» on timM tmntmmj,'* i 
nierriljr thr hiiniklo bt« llntli ting." 

• • • 

Tlin mtaral lnm4telnnM tt lUmtumfmmrf ka* •<' 
romptMoni to M-t hU aprcehM ■> wM M bb Magp to i 
know  iMnk wlM'ffHHi ih« will! tkywm Moa* " b, o4 
■paaeh. tluHigh it MMimU ti-ry «fM wb«« It laMNiK. 
run nnlnrnlly iiil<i inuiic I rrrwi Is kanll* aa 

We donht whether s|if< • . " llow OTMMi llM 

uleeim ii|miii Ihio Imnk," " In mntk m B^kt M UUa," or 
Im> the foiMl of love, play on " gain aHMib bjr tkflr wtmit 
Perhn|>s the idt«l way of (n<aling Mwb pmmmgmm 
Mime union of «|M!Och ami a faaUliar mmloiy, MWh aa i 
ilarriion luin rarrM to auek petfceUoa. 

• • • • 

Tho irtorjr almiit Wolfe'* qnotlnir (iray'a "BM« 
the attack on Qoobeo ha* alwnyn \fr%i felt to kST« la 
of imthoN, doe partly t<i tho peculiar appro|viatM«M 
of tho lino. 

The patha of glory Irad bat to tke |^t». 
Tho practical roan nay perliaiM toke anotber rimw. 
not, ho would nay, add tn our comfoK at tba |N«aM 
if wo knew that (teneral Bullor was in tba babit i 
vorso bi.>fore action. Undoabtadly, if Wolfr bad lost aa 
tho battle of Quoboo, •one BMlieiaaa rritie wwM 
it down to hilt liahit of (luotiog pootry la  
Ntoriea have other critira licslilos praetieal 
hisUirians. It was thereforo with trepidation tbat ' 
an article In the Kebniary Itittorical Rerinc, by ProfeH 
K. Morris, entitled " Wolfe and Gray'a • KI<<Ky.' " 

• • • • 

Tho opening words are not reaimaring. 

Jt must needs be that hintoriaus borrow froai 
dccewtont, but it may be given an a grorral reooa 
that nothing can he taken for grantcvt. Among I 
stories that for olil or young illiiminnto i|m> pg 
pictiires<|iie historian, few are »>■ .i« that i 

liow Ueneral Wolfe, floating dov Ifirer 81, 

(in Ihf momtNi; when he mot virtnry aad ilwlk, l«ei 
" KIcgy." Strict ailemv had been oriertd, and 
unlikely that the Oooenil, however foil kb keart, 
the Imd example of riobting his own onler. 

Profc^ssor Morris, struck by the apparent bek t4 
tude in the story, has looked np th«' sntborilie*. Tb 
good ground for the story, only an important part tenia 
t«io often omitted. In the story, as told liy Pndt-¥v< 
an eye, or rather an ear, witnem of the rocilatinn, and 
his biographer, Prafeaaor Jobn PlsWair, Cenenit W. 
up by saying that " be woald prefer being the anil 
|)oeni <the ' Elegy ') to the glory of boating tbe Kmi. 
The \rord " to-morrow," nsaally omittetl. «boirs ih.. 
<H-cnrre4l not "on the BM>ming" of " . after U 

the time when Wolfo garo tho onl' lonrr. t,i 

evening liefore. . The story may tberpfore l«e hi 
rreditiugCteucral Wolfe with disobeying bb own onL . 
the garblod aeooonta Pro fto aao t Morrb qnolcs Cbriyla, 
Wolfe say — 

.\h I tlwsc are tones of tbo Eternal Mebdi**, U9 
A nnui night thank flMTea kad be sncb a gift ; ah 
aOght nor aMoeadii« b««, |«rtlM(« t 



lii 



UTKUATUKK 



[FwbruHrj 




'• 



vt Unmo MiUqwo 
itt IbMn tlw toper tMUMlMaMil Mid (to eaelMuitod prlaee. 
i dkanw flriUofan by patMnc iato Um inuulh uT Um> 
hontMMui wtM> upMika tb« p m l n gw Uw «'OfAi : 

80 takr tliU uncouth play for notliiiiK moro 
TImb fnut of Mralwwt luwonatraiMed Muml. 



It Is Miv old tale of tli* d i i kw d who mralmt in tlic prlnro'ii 
•lalp Iml, aiMl vim for 11 lirii^ <i|>iM<<> thinks him-«(<ir iii<hH<4l n 
prion>. The itlory o<H?ur« in thr AraliiMi Nifthl*. .Shiil«'N|ioaiv'!t 
Tnwtimf Iff Ute l9tnw, ami in p(>rli«pii liptit worked ont liy the 
ntaiak «-rit<tr HollH<T|r in hi« " IVr \>rvnin<l<>l(o Ranor o(k>r 
Jcppr VOM Brrjco " (ITZt). Han|>tinaiiirii farrc, honvvor, lin<i 11 
t r io — oidB and tpks (o piiint a inoml. Which is dMMi ami 
wkipii ia iwallty r Jha an the drunkard or .Ian a* tke priiHw r 
Karl, tin* rf«l prinr^'n friend ami mcninr, momll«o«ap|»n>ftrint<>l_v : 
"What »t> milly arc »» little more tlmn wliat he (Jan) ronlly 
la — wmI oar l>P«t plcauurea arc but Mwit-lmbbloi." 

• • • • 

It la a pity perhaps that tho company now artin^ Oerman 
I '-ndon KlHnild have nelerteil for rc|>re«"ntntton a play of 
n'n mi little charactoristic of his talent n>i /Vr Hihrrjirh 
--■ lar l€io liHijt drawn ont fan-it-al conieity, Mitirizing 1'ruM.sinn 
oArlal piHnpnaity. Its hnmonr in not likely to lio even 
«f imprehensiMe to any audi«neo but ono of unmixed Uemian 
nationality. 

• • • • 

There it a p^np f>f yiMinjj men in Har\Tird University who 
call tboanelrcH the " Cerrle KranvaiM." They have Ju»t |iul)iiNh(<<l 
a CTMncily by Cyrano ile RerRerac, ealleil I^ Priiant Jour (1054). 
Mr. H. B. Stanton eontrilnitcii a Life of Cyrano and Profosaor 
Kerdtnand Bocbcr a preface to the volume. 

• • • • 

Tbera aeaw to be aonio minapprehenKion as to the latent 
BgrtcaiCllt l>et»T<-n the pnblinhem and the hook »e Hers conrerning 
tbe pricaa at which Iio«kn are to he w»iil to tho public. It is not 
tlw ease, aa ma expected, that all liook* at a hif^ier price tlinn 
sis ahillinga are " net " liooks. Ail that han lieon arrangc<l is 
that, wbeo a pablisbcr declares a ^ivcn iMok to bo a " uct " 
laook, MO bookaellov shall be supplied with copies unless lio 
■MlaHahaa to tMai li aa such, and allow no discount to his 
cnatnaers. K is not a very radical reform, and its praclii-ni 
roulta mn not likely to Iw Urge, thonsh one of thcni >\ill 
prvbably be an incroaac in tlic number of " net " books published. 

• • • # 

The •ispenny novel aeeoa to bo coming to tlic front again. 
Not tbat there is likely to bo a rcpotiUon of the Intom which 
n<«alcd thv market but year and seat tbc six|ieuuy l>ook on tho 
down grade with a rush ; but several of the lva<Iing puliliiiliers 
who iaMwd the Tory choaii editiim long U-fure the tiling was 
overdone have atood by it thnMighmit and are still sending fresh 
TdaaeB to preaa. The sixpenny copyright talo has not l>e<>n 
««e« for aereral montha, bat anotb<*r viilume -dc-lsytMl by thu 
«ar— «( The NvvcUat 8erioa is now to come from Mtawrs. Methucu 
—via.. •• Priaooers of War," by three colUlstniting authors 
«riUn« aader the uaow uf " A. Buyson Wuokcs." A curious 
fcalareaboot the book la that the publishers arc offering with it 
a priae of £100. Clearly Meaars. Methuon moan to persovete 
wttb their cheap eopyrigbt seri«e. 



to attract', but laoat popular of ail, npi>ur<-iitly. 

It haa been said that few peoplu now rt^ll•l " Tli< 

Hearth," yet Messrs. Chatto have sold 150,1 

|ia|(er-eover«Hl edition. That was tho total 

sixpenny " Lonm Uoone," but Messrs. Kanipsoi 

InoreastHl the sale iarK<'ly bad they not Ntop 

work in that form. Messrs. Douney and C'n. Iiii 

selves to Miss Iira<ldon's iiovcIn, anil iiulilishcd 

cuveretl editions of her works, inclniliiii;" l.iiily 

and " Henry Dunliur," eui-h of wliii-h lins p>ii< 

copies. .Six or »»'vcn oilier tales by Miss Hr»<lt 

Messrs. Downey have also favoured Charles Ki 

issuo«l " Christie .lolinstono " and "I'egWoQing 

form, and, now that " It Is Never Too Late to 

copyright, they arc adding that to their list. It 

an enormous sale to make these very cheap c<lit 

• • • 

Both English and Kronch publishers sc 

compromiao tho eternal quarrel as to when 

Ix^ins. At any rate, Messrs. Goiipil and Co. 1 

out a most elaborate work dealing with the | 

varioiu points of view. There aro to Ixs ailogeth 

or volumes, enc-h being fully illustrated. In tl 

M. Brunetieiv has undertaken to give a survey 

B<-lliiigiH' of music ; tlic Abbii Duchesne, a disti 

of the Institute, to deal with liistory ; and 

with arelia-ology. Tlie IlinHj volmiies, of wlii 

just out, arc in sul)si^i'iptiun at tho price ol X,i 

have reccivc<l many Fivncli orders for I»rd 

splendid work on Sir Thomas Ijuwrcnce, althouj^ 

is in Kiiglish and no French edition will be publ 

« » « 

We nitderstaiid that Miss Beatrice Harrai 
play for Miss Klleii Terry, whom she will meet in 
Sir^Hcnry Irving's tour. 

• • • 

8|)c<:ial interest attaches to tho e<litions of ' 
" lioniany Rye," oditod by Dr. Knapp, in tlio 
Antiioritativc Fxlition" of George Borrow's Wo 
Mr. Murray. Dr. Knapp, whoso nutliorit-ativc 
came out lust year, i>ossesses tlic Borrow inanusci 
aid ho lius not only lieen able to correct the n 
has decided to restore the supprcssMl passaj 
original mnniiscript. That tlicsc passages maj 
nninii>ortant is suggested by the sitccimen giv« 
long hiiranguo of Pctulcngro on tlie ndvantag 
than one wife. Possilily Dr. Kiiapp's discrctioi 
will Im! chalioiiged l)y nmiiy wlmirors of the b(N)k 
and " Koniaiiy Bye" are really but one Ixxik. 
Knajtp lias satisfled himself th.-ilthc siippr(>ssion 1 
was not a result of the author's own considortMl jud 
imaginative telling of his own life's story could 11 
rdit4>r than his biographer, wlio has tracked him 
wanderings and disguises, iiniiginary and roaJ. T 
will cimtaiii a photogravun? jHirlrnit of Borro 
and ink sketches by Mr. Percy Wadliom ; the ' 
•0%'on pen and ink sketclies and a photogravu 
Kitton. Thise<Iition of the work* will include alw 
ami "The Cyjwies of Hpnin." 



The other publisl,..r< wim an' 
their attentlooa t<> 



•riuv iHHiks 
.1/. The 



Lil.T.-i. I 
I'Ulwniil ('l:i 



! i\ li.m been so soundly rat* 
Mr. ( Jcorp' McK.ri' (nolnxly fo 



Pelmiury i7, lyoo.] 



IJTKRATirUE. 



IMitillc, lint It ran arnntoly bi> more cnntomptuiNM limn TnUtnl's 
iif " \V1m«ii Wp I)«*nil Awuko." 

• * » • 

'I'lii- Ht inly III Croniwpll, wliirli Kovn riMi tu tm many IhhiIw 
(liii'iiiK IN1)U, tlio U<rf»nt(<nnry of >iU Itlrtli, mIiomm no nIkii of 
niiiiU'inont. B(>Niili>» tlio »tiiily i»r Uio TniUH'tor l>y Mr. Morlpy 
iiiiil till) l)li>Kru|)liy liy Mr. TluHHloro l{iM>)M>v«lt, riiiiiiliiK 
r<'!«|MH'tlvi«ly III tlu) <!rntiti-ii niitl .Srii/»»ri«', nnotlicr life linn liwii 
wrUtpii liy PioffuHor ('. II. KIrlli, of Oxf.inl. TliU U «o n|t|M-nr 
111 Mio " llonN-N of tli«> NiitloiiM " S«Ti«'H, iiiiIiIUIdmI hy Mi'impi. 
I'liliiiiiirx Soii<<, niid will lio PiitltU'il " Oliror (.'niinwvll ami thi^ 
Uiilo or tlio I'liritniiH III KiikIhikI." Diiriiiic IKUU .Mr. H. K. 
OunliiKT irtiiiiKMl to lil» old riivoiiiitc III " Oliver t'r<Hii\vp|| " 
((Joiiliii). OHior iHxik* piilili»li<><l on Croiiiwi-ll nx n iiian niul n 
Ntiilt'siiiiiii Wfpo Mr. Ml. 1(1.11 Piko'M " Oliver C'roinwcll niiil HIh 
TiiiioM " (lliiwiii), of whicli Mr. ITfiwlii now promUos n rlimprr 
(tlir<'<'-nn<I-!(i\ponny) p<liHoii, HIr Kirlinnl Tnugyr'n " Tim Two 
Proto.'lori4. Olivor ami liichnril CriHnwoll " (l'iirtriit(;f<). and Mr. 
Arthur I'ntorHon'a " Oliver i^roinwcll : HIn I,if« nnil C'linrmter " 
(Millet). Mr. I'uterwm nlxo ilealt witli IiIh hero in n novel, 
" C'roiii\veir» Own " (NImIk)!). Colonel Colonil)'» ImkiIc on HiikIi 
J'eten., " The Prince of Army Chnpliiins," in whieh Cromwell is 
deserilMMl nn n lion eonstriofor, Mounded an odd note of eonlm<tt 
nniid the elionit of prnKe. Cromwoirs niilitiiry ReiiiiiM hnn nl'O 
iH-eii fhoroiiKhly minlvsed liy Lieiit. -Colonel T. K. HnldiH'k in 
" Cromwell iis n Soldier " (Kepin Pnul), and Mr. Kponw-r 
VVilkiuHon. ill eolliilxiration with the lato Uoloncl C<«>j>or King, 
in "From Cnmiwoll to W«ll!ngtou" <LnwrGiivo and Bulleii). 
» • • • 

The doxtgn on the binding of th(^ A itglo-Sajnm RerUtc hn» 
lioen copied from ii fine pieee of work of the Stnnrt iieriml. In 
hU note on the Hiihject Mr. Cyril Davenport »ketehe« the xtnte 
of the art of iKiok-liintliiiff in Kiinland diiriiip the first half of the 
MTent<M<iith pentiiry. Thin liiiidiiig is liy far the iM-dt of the 
esaiBplcH yet utilized for the cover of this review, and if ono con 
diiircgard the incongruity of an aiitic(uv liimling with a inodorii 
Imck, it Is really an excellent sjx'cimen. It would lie dinicult to 
Hurpn.ss the harmony and dipiily of Its proportions. Tlio original 
of the desij;ii Is the cover of a Inxik which Mr. I)aveni>ort nssnim-s 
WW Imund for Charles I. The nssiimption in, wo think, «-ell 
founded, for the denign i»gr«>es In nliiioHt every particular with 
that on the copy of tlio " Chnlcocondylas," which certainly 
belonged to Charles, the only diffeivnce U-iiig that the latt«T 
>)ook Ih covcre<l with a more thickly spread semis and has a I«>sm 
pleasing Iwrdcr. Mr. Diivcn|>ort raises an objection to the 
opinion that the " semis," or dotted ground, was invented In 
France. Kepeiit Inves'igations would a|i|M>ar to prove that it 
came to Kiirope fmni the y>)nst. The semis is now known to liavo 
bfHJii used by Aldus, for a copy of the Aliline " Opplanus " of 
1517 han been dlscovere<l, bound in a contcin|iorary binding, 
which liears a design in which the semis plays a princiiml imrt. 
Possibly the idea was brought to the notice of French biiulers 
by Orolier, for many of his bindings lM»ar elalHinite semis, though 
whether they arc the work of Italian or French artists it l.s 
im|H>Nsiblo now to determine. 

• • • • 

Mr. l)avoii|H>rt somewhat dis|iaragej< the c<inteni|Kirary 
foreign designs, es|ieclally the Fr«>nch, which ho says were 
comimrntively " small and fritteri-<l." But the analogy is 
ticarcely happy. For one Innik that was finely bound In Rngland 
there were » hundred liound in France. The real origin of tho 
diderenoe was a matter of size rather than nniiilH>r. For somo 
eighty years or more the output of Hora- in Franco waa 



loiitf nfler, Mem ttto faalik« >■ 
r RmkIUi Wa 
tfjf fr m — M yiM. m Mis ' 

llml the l-'n'iiih >l,vliia kMk " MMH MHI MHWJ " I 

iHibl M-roll work niid riph ilMiciH witk Mais «f Ikbi 
and fleui^dtvlya sttpb aa la mtti o« Uw Amgla Ikumm Mm 

• • « • 
Ten y«Nni afln poplm nl tbo irU •4II1mi of 

" I ' •' In Italy " ronbl pmIIjt tm pnm^t ■! i 
vol iHiw, an wo «««> tnm Utmrm. ttntkntmrn'm i 
the |ari«M» lor tka anren voIwmb kaa |*mw ay l« MU. T 
hiiaaeir mmIc lilti* trnt of tW bnak. I* ow of kb MIm 
" I liave n<<-eive«l (u* iIk) net rrroi|iU frcMi tlw pM 
tlM< work) alioiit tMt a ymr during Ibv oktrma bnai jra 
life for the expeiilloii of a lalmrloM work vkipll il 
ex|ipn.<ilve odiipatlon aiMl an nnmiial rati el latHlrrt. 
In alHHit e<|iMl lo the waKr« nf a lhinl-rla«i aarelMUrt'a i 
NMMMl-claMi ' -- T-'itlrrnhTifrrltfpTOOiwlMil i 

• • • • 

It it intrrrtiliiiK to Bml fmoi Uw ■liwiji I— MJ m< 
Oxford I'nivenity Ut'lrgiusf tor tke ttlmUom d I 
the limits of the L'nit-eralty for the year vadilic 1 
laxt tlial iHi fewTr thaii l.Ztl lerlunii »p|« 4c<ivw«4 I 
four dillerent le«-turer<« in IIU diOerrnt luaal «Mtf«a— 
recortl. While history was again an Mmj ln( m 
IMipiilarily, lileraltire came next, and acmtmlMi ftar 
coiinH-M as com|>are<l with thirty-four in the | i u i> | b— 
year. The purely literary nnbjrria dealt with bjr tk» 
were :— Khakes|ieare, Carlyle. Kuakin, Anmkl. Utmm 
Morris ; r«>preM<ntalivo prnsc nuwtera ; litrrstum 
Cavaliers aiid I>iiritaiiM ; Knglish nuvelUu ; T< 
KlizalM-than l!teratnrt> ; KtiglUh emayUts : the rcanant 
in Knglish jsw-try ; Coleridge ami NVortlsworlh ; Teni 
Browning ; Tennyson, Kiiskin, anil Rmwnlng ; B 
literature of the age of Anne ; WonUworth, Oohtl 
Koott ; I)r>den and Popo ; Miwltm* mmI Bhi 4«MMI : 
and his cirrle ; literature ot tkm «4KhtMatll 1 l l>Mj : * 
century ixietry ; Kuakin mmI Carlylo ; ■Mlivral m 
niiimtrelsy and modern |M>els ; and Kcnai— ne» art aad Ii 

• • • • 

In thi<«o varkxiM eounm iVM l<H'turt<» «i>rpdr4itvn<d 
Ave of the conraes iM'iiig given in the aftenmno. •i\t>- 
evening, and one in the morning. Tlie lreliinT> 
siibj«M'ts were the Revs. J. O. Ralley, K. Rayne. ami  
anil Messrs. F. S. B.ms, R. W. RoimI. W. <l. He Rnrch, 
MorslHirgh. K. Ashe King, J. A. R. Marriott. W. Alim 
J. C. Powys <tho newi-st additioa In IIm> raDki4. mmI B> 
court. The gmnt a«-erage attemlan«« at lM4«rM «i 
the average |ier centre Iteing KM. Jarigvd by the 
attenilanc-e the most |>opnlar b^eUirra wrre the fnllovla 
Marriott's " Knglish Novelists." at Cheltpfiliaai. 
lectures, average atti-i  ' 'Hwith'a 

s|»eare," at Rnlinn, e<i Klmr'a * 

Novelists." at (lloiirester. . ^'r. K 

" Knglish Novelist*," al l>' —i^ > 

de Burgh's " B^KMnUUre Pmae Martara," ■* AaMi 
Lyiie. evening lectnrm. 170 ; Mr. d« iWlitieiMVt'a " S 
Century Ptielry." at Chetteoham I.Mnes' C«lle|ra. 

lectures. IflO ; Mr. Boas* '• Hhs> ." at T«mhrf4| 

evening leetnres. I«0; and his ' 

IfiO. II aiay ba aMnI that 37* vrrtiiiniin or lh«a < 

at thaw laetafaa, SI oT tha i 



144 



LITERATURE. 



[Februai*^ 



personal Uicws. 

—  

A\ KXTIXIT TYPE. 
TV* KngtUk Katlirr hiu alwayv boen nmit curcful that hl« 
, wImhi itt tluit stascof MloleaoODOO known aathc liubblodchoy, 

be prnvldcil with litcnttarc adaptcti to Ihcir romtition ; 

I thm> has always cxiktol a holiltlolohoy fonn of romance. 
latlMoM days thia was  curious Unky nnmloM-ript— an Ktoii 
jMlrai kind of book, ahort in tlio waiat ami iNtinrully ronstrictcxl 
•boat tho elbows, Jnat wbpr« a Ixiok for Imys ohoiitd bo perfectly 
kxMC. Tke hobbledehoy bn<>k of the |>nst wn.s to the reni romance 
wlwt tbe coMMlaaariat lieatenant in to the cavalry trooper. It 
foraed aa escelloot bmnd-book to HypocriHy. If any boy luul 
nad« up hi« miml to adopt hT|»oeri!>y a» a pnifcsition lie found 
tiM> way to RO about it by hliulyin;; tlie charact<>r of tho 
youuK mflfaM who was meant to Ins the gxKxl iMty of the story — 
the boy who prayed oatontatiottNly for his iKMiightcd school- 
fellowa in the dormitory and MudonHl therefrom. Tho writer 
prorcd to his own aatiitfaction that thcwe HiilToringH wero iin- 
deaerrcd, bat hia argnmcnta wvre unconvincing to a reader. Tho 
boy who woald not flgfat waa invariably the hero of the atory— he 
waa eeiiainly the ja-is of the ^<o^y. He Hometimen quoted Virgil 
\»vntj-i»y eonvemation with his intimate.t, in order to enforce 
aoMe theory of hia own. Tho boya who read of thia boy arailcd 
KFimly froai page to page. Thoy reoogniaod him. lie was their 
kisters' noraery gO Te raea a . 

Then there waa the boya' l)ook which was not only moral but 
iaatmctire into the bargain. It taught geography. Was there 
noia wreck oa the coaat of Aiutralia in the second cliapter ? 
Usaally the ehkf at the aarTirora was a well-read clcrg}-man — 
he waa goiag oat aa a mlaaionary to Australia, taking with hiin, 
of eouae, hia wife (inrarUbly a chronic invalid, for thoao were 
the day* when a lovely woman's solo vocation was lieing an 
invalid), hia daughter, and two sons. Immediately on landing 
from the raft the good clergyman delivers an address to his 
ftUBily— reported verbatim — on the inaccarity of human life, and 
the Wf a lng a of Providence generally. He reveals to his shocked 
h aa r eia the aeeret which until thatnooient ho bad kept inviolate 
— naaMly, that on one occasion lie heard tho second mate employ 
a awear word to the cabin-boy. To this indiacretion ho 
attribotea the loaa o( the ship and all hands. It was taken for 
granted tai thto atyle of book that all readem would acknowledge 
the equity of the doom of the ship's company for the impatience 
of the oiher ; and tboa It waa hoped that the circulation of auch 
atoriaa woald do Bneh to elevate the tone of the mercantile 
marine. Than foUowa some dialogne b etween the Uthn and hia 
sons on tho auttjoct of notable ahipwrecka of history, with 
incidmtal remarks on tttfUUa in the iaUnd of Mclita or Malt« 
in the days of Ht. Paul, and a few words on the whale tlsboriea 
of the Levant with the apecial bearing of this industry upon the 
caae «i onm Jonah, a prophet. To ahow that he b merciful as well 
a< enidit<>, the father soggeKts to his sons the advisability of tboir 
baring a stroll together, while their mother ia laying out tho tea 
thinga, ia order that he may Ind oat in what part of the world 



OTMadadaeuliraru, which tells him at a glanoa tl 
on the eoaat of Brazil. While he is endeavonri 
eiaotions, ono of tho huls runs up to him with 
antpkoni njttHtinnrit and hi!* apprehenNlon ileiwr 
ctinvincoil that, after all, tho veHw>l nuist ha 
Bomo part of tho Capo Colony. Later on, 
Harry's quick eyes |K>rcelve the footprint* of 
he |M>intH I hem out to his father who, I'nibrac 
with ••molion, hiils them Ik> joyful over (lie 1 
within easy reach of a Bloonislmry iMiiirtlins-lioii 
Ko the nnrnitive was wunt to unfold itt 
pages, dialectics on the \«iys of i'povidcnce fo 
on the ftilrojilriit of the Southern HoMiifi|ihere; 
of tho prevailing a|ialhy on tito part of pnrfossii 
regard to miNsion work in the S«iuth Seas serv 
dear young rca<lor that lie was living in an ovi 
dear young render meandered ulong thoao p 
began to And that the chat on r«/c«/>f«i-fi, rjthemf. 
which he had iiii|Nirtinlly rejected as UMiding ti 
was, conipannl t«» tho purely n.Trmtivo |>ortioa 
tho " comic relief " in a melodrama is to tia 
of the piece. Ho began to long for a " breal 
biology — a running up of a score, so to speak 
of botany, rather than tlie dribbling out of t 
the hazards of comparative theology. 8uch be 
false quantities in biology as well as in tl 
writers seemed to fancy that anything whs got 
hobbledehoy. As a matter of fact, thoy did nol 
themselves. I camo across a palpably faU 
ridiculous volume which had survived tho ^ 
respectable lilirary — it is always tho wort hi 
family who comes jauntily homo from a canq 
worthier brothers havo fallen. " You wl 
Algernon," said the prig-maker, in this oxamj 
recreation offerinl to the hobbledehoy of thirty 
will observe the brilliant colouring of tho 
found along this eoaat " — tbo prlg-moker an 
prig had l)een cast ashore inside the Great Bjiri 
Sir ; the colouring is extremely beautiful," a 
Algernon. " It puts mo greatly in mind of tb 
tihcll of tho j/r>tiM murez, vulgarly known as tt 
from which, I need scarcely tell a g«'ntleniar 
aa youmelf, Sir, tho Tyrians prociire<l their 
was the envy and admiration of tho Kast." 
observe that my teaching has not l>ecn in vain,' 
" Well, dear Algernon, you may be dis|H>sed 
by accident that these gorgeous hues adorn the 
finny wanderers." " Surely, Kir, Providence 
some good purpose in view when He so ndorne 
suggested Algernon. " You are quite light, i 
tutor. " Here, again, wo must rocogiil/-e the 
every naturalist who approaches the study c 
proper spirit will tell ymi timt thew flsh w 
haus that rival the raiiilKiw in glory in or 
attention of thoso larger llsh whose food they I 



Febniary 17, 1900.1 



LITKHATlllE. 



[ 



|iii-<'«iK<' ill *lii' .■!■:, !■,, I (tiiM'li iifiiH to Uio kUok KwiiM. lib 
•ii'iii-i-i-ly ii<'<-i>MM.,r_v to Hjiy tlint m) i'iiriii~il ii yoiiiiK xtlMlmil nl thn 
InwN of imtiirnl krIiH'lloii nixl thit prtnicrvnlioii (if ii|imiI«ii promt 
liliiiftolf t)i lie MiiMlly hmtllnr with the wimlom of tlM Ijilln 
IMM-t, mill on till' nrtoriKmii of llii> onHtnwiiyi fliltitl lilltlii'ly hy 
nil Imlli-rny wlii^'x, mill tlin pi'iitli- t«ill;;lif limir nrrlviil -IIm« 
liiiiir for (ll.40ii>Mlii|; Irfnilofitr lit. 

'I'llis WIIH tllO Mirt n( ImKiU wlmli w.i . 'mi|i|ii>'<ii| to be Iho 

ili'll(;hl of ImyK ; but ninii I 1 frnr Ihnt tho piiiily ooloiirliif; of 
till' il!iilo{;iii>, of which I hnvo ;{ivon mi rxniiipli*, fnllnl to |»ro\-i« 
nil ntlrni-tloii to tho lu-allhy iK-hoiillioy, niiil ho wnN fiiln lo till 
his iimw with tho poni|innitlvoly Kolier-lliilod " Honillow Hor«i«»- 
iimii," " Tho Sonl|>-Hiiiilors," niiil other iiinnlor|i!ooo<i of iho 
uniiio ty|K>. " 'rii«> Swiss Knniily HoliiiiNoa " is tho only iiistniion 
Ihnt oooiirH to mo nt thi.i momoiit of tho obvloiiily liwtructlvo 
lioliijr jinlnliililo to lioyM. Of conrso, o\|K>rlonpo hnn tniight iin 
Hint if n Swiss rnmily woro to l>o wropkoil niiywhoro tlioy would 
Hinrt nn hotel on (he K|Kit : tho hoiin uyiuUI lieeome wnlterH, with 
nil eye to tho tips of Kngllsh visitors, one ilnuKhler woiihl look 
aflor (ho Iniiiiilry nml nooumiilnlo don-lict Imllons, niiil tho other 
woiilil (In Iho cookiii);, while tho fnllior woiihl nrmii|!T ti>riiis 
fii firiiition, niid write out th(> mciiK cnrds In excolloiit kitchiMi 
Kn-nch. Still, " The Swiss Knmlly " wnH r«>n(lnble, niid Is still 
roiiil, os|)ooliilly liy fjirls, I think, however, tlint more (H>pi(»s of 
" Kiiift Solomon's Mini's " mid " She " wci-o sold within the 
llrst few yenrM of their voruo than of " The Swiwi Family " 
iliiriiiR nil the time it has Immmi ofTored to the mints of tho 
hungry horih's of the sclinolninni. " Sjiiiiirord mid Morion " 
one never hears of iiowndnys. I>>t ns hojie Ihnt It has lieoonie 
extinct. Books that reekiil in n mneh lessi-r deprei' of 
olenpnons mornlity linve Ioiik nfcn gnno to tho Iryln^f-ont 
cnnldroii with most excolleni results to the yonnp sfoiiernlion. 
Who that I'onid liny " Tn>nsiire Islnnil " or " SherliM-k Holmes " 
wonUI waste money on " SandfonI aiul Merlon " or " The 
Parent's Cnliiiiet of Instnietioii and Amusement " ? 

K. KKANKKOHT MOOItK. 



STORIES AND PLAYS. 

-♦- - - 

One ndnptjitioii — but nn adaptation by a ronmnror of hi« own 
rnmimee ; one nrlKinnl drninn by n novelist ; one nu.>liMlmina 
trying to win its way into favour on tho skirts of a popular tale. 
All in one w«H>k ! Who can say the relations Is^twinrn the statu*' 
nml wlmt we vnKiiely cnll lilemtiin' are not In'oomlng chwer ? 
A more pei'liiient ((iiery is whether the ilmma has lieen enriehe«l 
In any of these iiiHtaiices. Only a very smi;;iiine onlooker could 
say Hint it has." 

/»ii/>cii (>/ tfrnt:nu ns'n play is'Jdisappointiii);.'* It has "not 
the eloMients of s|H>ctncle which made Thf Viifimer nf Zrmlit n 
success ; it is not i-obnst eiion|;h to Im< fCy»iA melodrnina ; and it 
ends np with n denth scene, which is not exhilamtiiig. The 
fiinernl scene has"wisely lieen lopp«>«l olT since the (Irst iiiKht. 
Whether it would have iiindo a better play if Mr. Anthony'Hope 
had, ns iH'foro. called in the aid of that ex|ierienee«t dminntie 
car|M>nter, Mr. Kdward Kose, it is dinicult to say. Mr. Hope 
has written two or tliriv ori);iiinl pinys niid oii>;ht to lie out of 
lending slriiijp*. But he dm<s not show'mnch aptitude for the 



itmm 



oocbi U> bs M rraUsll« m poMlbto. To IihI 
|Mi|ier til lb« aapiui cf BiiHlMtat aM t« ki 
•' taken np" to Ik* niiupMto aC • mUw an 
thai .aiMlsbmiM to. mnttXtf •xiMhA tf trtl 

liav. , air (if rmtliy. A* to Uw liBkwtl* tW 

niMt has only to roolraat Um »ltk tlW CnoUall oU «■ 
" I'rliieo Otto " tlM' «ra4lHH>rlac nf all Umm ii— latla i 
of Ibv X*Hitii ly|M- to «tie kuw lillle raro Mr. Hop* %0>ak 
le«» liii|Miriaut fiianu-lor*. 

Theru U a Riaxl (l<«l of hMMMW la tlw 4klagM, ao  
one r^tcrels Iho stalennni ot wnmm tt ttm waais tllwf 
pleee iif this kind cannot rely «p(Ml bMloar loCMTjr it 
It must liave a real KrippliiK hilpr(«l, Ukf tbenl Mrrwin, 
really well acted all maml. Mini of it b wall art 
Neriion's Colonel Hapl Is ('o|M'<-ially cnnil, aa4 Mr. AUi 
a brUk, resoart-cful hero- ImiI the iHimpanjr ran iMnlljr 
for the denelencies of the piaaa. Mr. , 
ne*Hl a clianjre of bill beCof* rarjr lonir. II \ 
iiniie«« tliat In the list of pUys which be iDlmiib to pf« 
nK'ntluned I'uolo uml Fmitt»ea bat. It U hardly a •-« 
to ask a poet to write a pbjr, to aaa wwe a tlm roan 
;;rent flourish, and then to postpoaa ila pmlartiaa nif 
.Mr. .\lexaiMler wonhl act Paolo amd /mmcwm »««ii at 
of nflerniMni |M'rforiiuinc«'«, it wiiuUI ba • MlMbatlaa 
enconrni^^inent. No ono suppoars It woay ba S gIMM 
success. Therefore it is not naoaaMry to apaad • gtaa 
money on upholsteries. Wa aboald aoi aoaiplaia a 
scenery and the abaanaa of tiwpfwia ahow. 

Miss Kilna Lyall'a booka bava hardly aimraatad thai 
much drnmntic faculty, /a Spitt of AH ahowa that sIm 
yet enough to make a gaoA pUy. It has ronst nf thn fa 
{{onerolly ruin novelists* plays. There is liltUs aetion 
nn intolernble drail of talk. The one vipimos wetM»— tl 
by Prince Ituperfs forces upon Ledlmry- is ha4lly »l«fa4 
and the hem is given nothin|{ better to ch> than ton 
out nskinj; to lie allowed to Juin in the flght - an lUH 
r(H|nest, since noliody Is dniiij; anything to preraMt hi 
piece is built round an historical aetuality — thaqiMWtaci 
cross from dcstniction by a I*uritaneaptaia at tha «anMa( 
of an nged vicar. Bat the fact that tha laaldaot raaUy I 
does not lessen or excnse its tedlooalMaa. Kor doea tha « 
morality of tho pieco rtvoncile tha ordinary pbjrgoi 
undue length and bck nf lnt4>rMt. Tat it woald baa 
Miss l-^lna Lyalt to be altogether diaeoafagad. No < 
wrote a really good acting play at the flrst attMapt. Tli 
some pretty touches of sentiment In tho diilogaa^ aail. i 
sentiment Is tho key to the aympathy of MMMt tmU^ue*- 
l.yall would lie lietter adviseil to try • pby of WOimtm IN 

The dramatlMsl tract naturally follows tha ala||» 
novel. Tho antlioni of A Btiltr Lift amw ant even para 
imlebtedness to tho anthor of " In His Steps." Bat if I 
Charles M. SheUlon were to visit tho Adelpbi Tkeaire. I 
probably disclaim any share in MeMtrs. Satlon Vane mm! 
Shirley's piece. It looks aa if tbo great popabrily ef I 
liad lieen made a bait to attract the enonaoaa eboa thi 
tracts, Init does not go the theatre* lb« elMi that • 
TV Sign nf iht Crot. We said wboa tha book appearrs 
side of the Atlantic that It bad the great arril nf be 
much in (Hirnest. We cannot say the Muae for the pby. 
Inrul melodrama with more piiwi ap aneny ia it thai 
rememlM^r. Some reeolleetions of " In Hh Mepa " ara 
in, Imt they do not belong to the atrvctara of the p iare. 
effrvt produced by the nie«-hanieal ialmdaetkMl of tho i 



......* :_ .^^h 



CU.IJ— 



«^ .... «^ k. 



146 



LITERATURE. 



[Fcbruar 



THE BOERS AND THEIR TAAL. 



A akoti tiaw a«o. If the Boer wu known at alt ontsldc ht« 
Inanedinte aiiliMw or at Ihe Colonial Odtee, hU naroo Ht«mpo<l 
klm «llli ll» Kitelioh houtonvm, anil ho mui Ihtii rlniVMHl rnlhor 
•iMMtK Iho arail-lMrlMriaint. Koccnt ovoiito liavo lonilo<l to (IN|>pI 
tlita error : twt althoneh (hr nlfrnlflcallon of Iho ut>r«l Boor Is 
now ttracmlljr aiKfc>r«tooil, It U r«|»ally rnllnoioito to altarh n 
lltemi Meanlnir to th« apprllallnn ami lliliik of liiin only nx n 
te inm or irraalor. finmo of llio n)rn In tho lii|;h«>Ml ifovornniontnl 
•ad ednmttonal iMMkilloaa arc Boor«. Tlioy profcr, liowovor, to 
be flailed Afrikandem. Tke Bopr riainw to lie a nation, and 
Baaoa Ikat claim on Ihe poaanailon of a InntrtiaKo, not a (tntols or 
a dlaWt. IkiI a livinj: tongw- liU 1k»Iovoi1 " Taal," wliich ha« 
mwn with htm dariiij^ hU wandfrluKH oror tlio whole of South 
Africa, l» apokm at tho pmwnt tinto by (wo-thlrdH of tho 
po|inIatIon, and fomw tlw^ «lron{7(^t link lM>tw(>on tho doMoondantn 
of tho mrlr M>ttlorH from tho t'a|K> to tho Kamliosl. 

For noxt to hi* iiaxsionalo dovolion to tho prronnd which ho 
haa r«v-laiiiM<<l Ih his lovo for his niothor tonpftio. It is an into^ml 
part of hiH hiiitory, lioar^ tho inipross of his dlrnjrRlos for 
c\i«tonoo, of his isolation, of his oiidnranco and solidnrlly. Olivo 
Sohrolnor calls this aflTootion of tho Boor for his oratnpod, 
anfomiod dialoot roMUm}Aihlf • thoso who ran hoo Itolow tho 
»nrfiaop of thlnir* hold with Ma\ MUllor that ovon tho " klU-k 
klack" of tho Hottontots has its imthos. Tho "Taal." it Is truo. 
at pn'itnnt di«>» not possoss wonis to oxproNs Holontiflo or 
fihilMophiral oonooptions, for tho simplo roason that as yot tho 
Boer ban no iM<<-d of thorn. Liko r>io(;onos of old. up to now his 
mdmvour lias l»o«'n to show in his Mx-inl life with how liltio a 
man ran do.aml his lan(;tM|^ Is tho expression of this philosophy. 
•• U«e " not " ornamont " was his dovioo. From Iho Dntch of 
tbe •OTcntoonlh oontnry, which tho flrst colonists s|Miki>, ho has 
throim away all that n-as suporfluous — terminations, inflections, 
pitlnral soumls. consonants which havo only a shade of differ<>nc<>, 
ami thus evolved a short-syllabUxl and Mift s|M<<>ch. noMides. 
the eiifrracio* n( life in the new kMrroiindinir* ni>ee).sil.ntisl the 
indinir of nnw wnrd«. whilst many of those he had )iroii);ht lost 
eiirr- ' .-less. Sraroi-ly any trace is left from the 

KniM i 1 iii-nols lirouKht to th<" C'npi* except tho um- 

of tbo doable nofnitive : and from the Kn(;1i-h he has only 
adopteal a fi^w om-rRotic exproKsions. The .Afrikander dood not 
Bc««ppl new (dijerls introduced to him in their foreign name, but 
coin« for thorn new words from a Oomianic source. 

And most remarkablo In tbo movement to nilso thU lanKiMffo 
to a writt<'n laniniaKe, with a literature of Its own. Is the 
antaffonlMn it shows In the Dutch. Althonch in the Repnblics 
h Is the lanpMKe of State ami Chnn-h, and has in tho 
:i official starMlinK with the Knitlish, the B<ior IrKiks ufion 
it aa a forelini tongue. The cause of this ll<*s In its (craumMtieal 
trammels. The simplicity of forms ami cnnstrnction of English 
{• mnek more in harmony with Ihe lient of his rharacler. Tho 
ofltirt* fif Ihe leaden of the Taal movement are, therefore, 
directed to obtaining rcrofniltion for Taal as the official lanKuaco 
nest to tb<> RoKlIoh. In tho excluaion of Ihn Dutch. Ah oho of 
tb<> «rtM>akoni at Ihe Taal Confcrfm of 1807 nMiiarked, tho 
Afrikandor* look npon Dulch a* tbeir Krandmoilu-r, who llv(»i 
with them in the anme ho<i«o ami must In^ iKinie with as a 
revpOPlablo paronl , but has no I"' .ice in the rule of the 

home, which ha* ik-volvnl n|i<Hi r • r branch. And there 

i« no denyinK \\»- faet lliat Dutch is Iwinc crowdo<l out, 
\ frrmi Holland who xetlle in K<Htlh Afrira ikvui Imrin in 



that they are nnanlmoun In their ondcavonr 
f<irmlty. 

To brliiff thta about, the Preaa, of oourae, ii 
Instrument. Next tO hb Bible the Boer lovea 
iwiicr. Ilu takoa a keen Int4>reiit In polltica, 
(|UOHtioiiH of the day with (;roat natural Intellif 
of olMorval ion, and. above all, practical coniii 
twenty yoar« ajto the (Irst iiowN|ta|)or waa start, 
well-known Patriot. iMud and I'olk, which at 
In Dutch, has chan(;o<l to tho Afrikander lan((ui 
that tho iiuiulierH of itx roadurs has inniicd 
increase»I. Durinc the Inst ten years over UK),( 
on various subji'cts havo l>e<>n IssuihI by one 
alone. The contention that tho Boor's " 
incapable of containini; a literature can Ik«hI b 
Kororal collocllons of |>oonii In tho Afrikander 
to prove that it loiida itaelf to all kliida of metl 
national hymns, sonprH of |>atriotism and ro 
from nmny of the |>oenis of liolx'rt Burns, luillai 
pieces, and sketches in verso. Amoiip; the co 
Keitz. the present SecM'tary of Stat«^ for th« 
and Mr. .1. H. Ilofineyr, who ur»>s the psfMidon 
Mr. S. .1. Dm Toit. ono of tho most zealous 
Taal movoniont. formerly Superintemlcnt of 
Transvaal, has written an historical novel, ' 
•Skelia 11- Sniomo syn one proniireliU* in SnmlM>i 
collected tho material duriuR a Jonrn<\v thr< 
and Mashonaland. It ne<sl scarcely Im' said th 
reniinils one of Kidcr llacpird's romance. Di 
of the Taal Conint^s in lfW7 a drama from th 
author was perfonnccl In Ihe Town-hall at I'narl 
dealinf; with an Incident of the (irf>iit Trek, tli 
Ketief and his iNirty. Ohm Klyiitji, n m 
miitrizine, the llrst numl)or of which ap|>enre 
although of modest dimensions, is comlucttsl n 
similar publications, M|iocinlly intended for tl 
countrloH. A traiialatlon of tho Biblo in B 
proprojjs, and liosidos other educational work* 
(Srammar of Knglish and Afrikander " and 
Doth I^nRuaiJRs " havo Imhmi pnlilishfHi. by v 
ni-i|uirc<l a tauKihlo hIui|H3 and has l>eeu placisl 
will enable it to work out ilH own salvation. 

In its strug;{le for exiHtence it has to fl| 
op|K>nents Dutch and KiiKlish. Dutch owe 
Immiik Ihe lauKua^e of the KHtabllshc<l Church, 
are preach«l. In which tho Boer roads his BibI 
b-avos his s<ililuile, Knulish surrounds him in I 
and ho is niJrni roirn* olili^><l to learn and 
literature is rich ami cheap. Two such |>owerl 
reprcHenttNl by an indivitlnal hit;h civilization 
conquer will lio a hani task for tho yoimK Afri 



BIBLIOGRAPHY, 

KI-X'KNT SCIIOOI. AM) COLIJXJK 

One of tho featnron of tho last two or 
Moaaons has l>eon tho issue of several seri«"« of 
liialorloM. A list of the most ns-ent, ami n 
tlieso publlcallons will no diinbl Ih> fouiirl n 

The I'nivcrsitics of Oxforil niid Canilii 
with in a s4>rii-s, pnlilishcd by V. K. l{oliii>."> 
when coiiipleled, will comprlsi' thirly-nino vf 



Kobruary 17, I'JOO.] 



LnKKATUUE. 



I 



«. Jom'n. Br th** Her. W. H. MntUm, B.I>. 
.Ikmin. Jiy K. (i. Mimly. M.A. 
Wadium. Ily J. WrIU, M.A. 

TlioiM* viiliiiiH'MBrt'ali-fiMljr |>uliliHh««l. Thi>r«<orvaliHiaiiiiuiiiic-fil : 

r.viVEiiMiTY. Hv A. ('. Hniiilltoii, M.A, 

KxKTKii. Hv W'. K. Siri.lc, M.A. 

OiiiKi.. Jly 'D. W. Hniiiiif, M.A. 

yUKK>'H. 'lly III)' l<<\. .1. U. Mii«iiilli, l>.I). 

Nkw ('oi.i.kii'k. Hy tlic H<tv. HnN(iiii;<< KknIhIiiII, .M.A. 

I'KMliitoKR. lly till' H>-y. Itoiiylns Mim-Ii-hih-, >f.A. 

CiiHiNT (.'iii'ui ii. Hv (Ik- 1<<>v. H. I.. Thi>iii|iwiii, .M..\. 

Won. KMTKB. Hy lb.' H.-v. O. H. (». I)nnli>l, M.A. 

Hkiitkuiiii. Hy S. (!. Hutiillt4iii, M.A. 

Kkhik. Hy 1». .). MiHllcy, M.A. 
CAMBRIDOB. 
The voliiiiH>M piililixliiMl iir»> : — 

(•1.A11K. Hy J. H. Wnnlnlo. .M.A. 

CiiiiliN t'liKisri. Hy tlio Urv. H. V. Slokri, LL.D. 

Ki.Vd's. Hv tin- H.v. A. Aiist.'ii laMK'li. M.A. 

gt KKNs'. Hy (lif K.V. .1. M. (Jniy, M.A. 

SlUNKV. Hy"(i. M. KdwiiriN, M.A. 

Dowmso. By tin- R«'v. H. W. IVUit Su-von*. M.A. 

The volumtvi niiiiniiiic<><l nn>: — 

PKTKiiiioirMi!. Bv tlic R«>v. T. A. Wiilkcr, LL.I). 

Pkmbkokr. Bv W. S. Hmllov, M.A. 

(Airs. Hy J. ViMiii. So.l).. h'.R.S. 

TujNiTV Hall. Hy H. T. Trevor Jonos, M.A. 

St. C'athkki.nk's. Hy ilii< Uishoi) of Hristol. 

.Iksis. Hy A. (!my, M.A. 

Chhiht's. Hy .1. IVilc, Lit I. It. 

St. Joiis's. Hv .1. Hiwi MiilliiiKor, M.A. 

Maodalknk. Hy W. A. Gill. M.A. 

Trinity. Hy tin. Ilfv. A. H. F. B.>ui{hoy, M.A., niitl J. 

WillU t'liirk, M.A. 
Kmmani KL. Hy E. S. KlmckbiirKh, M.A. 
Sklwvn. Hy the H»v. A. L. Brown, M.A. 

Other Ixxika drnlliif; more liiiofly with the sttine subject nrc 
the followiiit;, inihliHlied by .Messrs. ^(ethlu■n :- - 

Tiif. O01.1.M1W okO.vkoki). l-ilitiMl hv A. Chirk, M.A.(t2s.(kt.). 

OxKoiii) AM) its C(>i.i.K(;ks. Hy .). Wells, M.A. {.\s.). 

Camuiiiimir AM) ITS C^•l.l.^;^i^5^.' By A. II. Thom|w<>ii (:is.). 
Tiiniliip; to 

PUBLIC SCHOOLS, 
we fliid dix recently imblislieil I)0ok5»— three of them issiietl I)y 
Messni. Melhueii nnil thitn? by Mewim. Ihickworth. Messrs. 
Mcthuoii's l)ook» are : — 

Annaix or Kt«in CoixwiK. By W. 

AnNAI.S ok SlIHCWSIItUV SfllOOl,. 

(10s. (kl.). 

AnsaW Of WtMMINHTER HtilOOI.. 

(7s. Od.). 

Mes,srs. Dnrkworlh hnvo jjiiblished in their "Kiigllsh riibiie 
Sehools Series " ; — 

By W. H. D. Koiisc, M.A. 



Sterrv, M.A. (7s. (Jd.). 
By G. ^V. Kisher, M.A. 

Hy .1. Kiirgenuiit, M..\. 



By Arthur K. I^tnteh, 



A HisTonr or Kuoby Sniooi« 

(.'w. n.). 
A History ok Winciiwtm (.\»u.»;«iK. 

M.A., K.S.A. ((W. 11.). 
A History or Kton C'ollwjk. By Lionel Oust, Dircetor of 

the Ntttioiml I'ortiiiit tiiillery (,ks. m.). 
Alteiillon may niso be drown to two iin|>ortHnt 
REPRINTS. 

A Ihinl i>dilion of A II1.STOKV or fjros CoLLBOB. 

Jl. V. Mnxwell hyte (Mneinilliiii, 'ils. 11.). 
A seeond edition of Thk History of ToMiRilMiK Senot)L 

KKOM ITS KoUNnATlON IN I.VkI TO THK I'RRKIIXT TIMR. 

By Septiinns Hiviiigton (Kiviiigtons, Via. (VI. n.) 
And to— 

Fasti KTONrj(SK.s. By A. C. Benson (Simpkhi, Mnrvlmll, *-Ms.). 



By Sir 



• warm adrowle nt a more •jr«t«iMitl« alwljr «f MMi-r 
work. Mr. Cani|ilM-ll has Jtcn aa artltr iwmlirr m 
niid ban eoairibuini many papff* la •llw InMasriMi* 
l.ilirary Anaopjallnti. 

• • • • 
At Iho I>iy>|>le-> l>alar«>. In ntai|rii«r. a« ctliibitkNl 

bill.):' '•.! iMfn held. Tlie I • V libnrtra r4 

niul • li. (ho Miictx-I and IIh* H 

MuM-uiii ' Tbf l.»irrt l'rn\ 

iiiK the I ^ far! Ilial IIk< |irr«'i 

of iMNikx made un nmb-rnile their valw*. T%« rpvWai a 
of nrtlatic ImukbiiMlliis would bt'lp to eemtanH 'ki* 

• • • 

Till) I'uUir LibntiTt Jaunutl Infiiraw w !!»■ ■»' •• 
£:I0,<)00 U to lio ii|toiit on Hie im'w mnapum ami art jp 
Citrdlir. Brlnlol alxo la alioat to apvad •■ aqial •■■ c 
Kallery alone. The free library and auMtiMa <m llw ] 
Pavilion Kotale is to be alien"' ifirapd. Tlw « 



fircfMirM Ibv 



Ih> nl)oul £:i«,(IU». Planii have oli 
■lion to the Town C'uuiifll. 

• • • • 

A levialbnn ln«k lixMns lioforo the publip liliraril 
Hn^e»t<Ml that they iibouhl r««Miio In calalofoln" 
topographical reoonia, liooka, |>rlnl>, main, ami an 
Philip Nonnan, trcnsnrrr of the Horloly of AnHqnanw 
on the Nubjcet at the recent meeting of the Ubrary ham 

• • • • 
The annual re|)orl by Mr. Hew Mnrrlsrm, the Ulx 

the ^AlinbiirKb Public Library. !>tnti-< 1 iinlier of 

in the Central lU^ferenre Library ni  i-mlier, I 

'18,i>l3, an innreiiv of ^,125 volumca a.« rmnparr<l w 
Bexides the eeiitnd llioro arc two braoeb librarica,aiMi a 
expecte»l to l)e ready for 0|)eninK next <ammrr. Tlie m 
renders duriiif; the year was jG.fCiS a<t eompami wilh i 
18t)e. (The total |iopuhition of FUlinbnrsrh is about 300,0 
neetl for further !!• " il library 

fell, anti some pmi' the Mai 

niid Town Council 011 bcluiK of titv Public Ubrary OMMi 

• • • • 
The '* Half-Hour Talks Aliout Books ami Anlltors ' 

NoltiiiChnm Public Libraries seem to havo liera very aa 
The le<-tures nrc now in (heir tenth seaaoB, MnI tlw all 
remnins nt n high level. 

• • • • 

There is a iiiovenH-nt lo allow ckildrcn to Imrrra U> 
public liliraries at an earlier age than billierio. In HsM>r 
the n'^ l>cen re^lueetl from thirteen lo ete»wi yi-ar*. .\ 
the library catalogue hn* lieen sen! lo CTe ry aebool in ll« 
Hnmt)stead also now admits the chihiren at an earlier ■! 
School B«<nrd and Public Library Comniiltee at ReadU 
a scheme for establishing sumII cirrulaling librartaa 
children altemling the schoola in (be lionw;:tt. 

• • •  
"A Working Wimuin," iu lb«' I". " . nnmiirr of '* 

JoHrmtl, is very ho|ielc«s alnNit i' r«ri^ Tlie I 

Ifirls nxtd nothing lo proWt.aiid wlicn tiic time lu a w i for li 
into life they coaao to l>e laiiilwiia of Ibe free lihtarii 
drift into other nud BN>ro karmfni amasemmla.*' " A ' 
WiMiutn " hernt^ir waa fortimatv ewNigh lo " drrolaii a 
reading from a nierv child." Thi'* i» the raw) will 
minority who prollt by the virtues uf lU ir iwtnni.. H 
not concur entirely in ** A Working \'' sf 



148 



LITKRATIRE. 



[Fcbruu! 



"Reviews. 



THE ANNALS OF THE FUR TRADE. 

Tub Gbkat Comfanv (imC-lSTl). by Bbcklbh Willmun 
(Smith. Kldor, 18«.). 
Tliaiiks to llMt cscollcnt «T!(cr, Roliort Micliaol BalUiityiir, 
IIm; prooMdi^fi of the ITudaon'a Bfty Kiir Tnullii;; Conijviiiy liaro 
ftwptiMtaJ la— rraljlo itnaglnatloM. Ho ha<l hinisolf boon oiio uf 
Ike compaaj'* aerruiU, aod his boya' liookii cast auch • glamour 
over tko tampamj't baalneaa that, aomc thirty yoan ago, tho Imys 
«te««ated to h^noww fiir-tnulcn were hardly Iom numorouN than 
llnaBwfcowBBiodtoranawity toitca. It nccmcd then a.t if iiothiii|;> 
esMpt, perhaps, being iihipnTooke<l on a fleaprt tslanil, could lio 
■ore iMigfatfal than to lire in a "fort," to be niiowxhI up regularly 
ercry winter, and to shoot big game with tbo frozen nier«*ury 
est«*etod from the bulb of the thrrmoineter. And it is, no doubt, 
bocMMo ronaneo has than pr«>|Mir<>d our niiml tlint \vear(> diH|K>s<>«l 
to wdcoaw with open arms the M>l>er narratire of faet, r<>latinK 
to tko grokt eompany, compiled by Mr. Piecklcs Willson from 
infonnatioa t«c«irod and from innpcetion of the comiNiny':* 
archives. 

Trading companicH liave done a great deal fur the Briti»h 
Kmpire. They have won us Inilia, Rbo<le)iia, and Nigeria ; there 
w«a a tjmo when they nearly won ils Museo^'y a:i well. But 
there is no company which has done such goo<l work so quietly 
as that of llotbton's Bay. It gnve us our footing in Caiuula, 
to^ctkcr with a motive for turning out the French. Properly 
■■|l|IUllid by the Oovernmi-iit, it would luive given us Alaska, 
Mad ao aared • «T>rld of tronble in the way of Imundary nnd 
flikC'lji dfaqwtes. It luts rockone<l among its odli-em many 
tH>table AretJe explorers, whose names are on the innjis — 
llf«me, Doaae, Simpson, anil Dr. John Itae. Its governors, 
from Prince Rnjiert to Lord Strathconn, have often been men of 
mark ami vigour ; and in its treatanent of the alwrigines it has 
wet an example to the world. The i>oint is one ujwn which Mr. 
Wilbon properly lays streiHi. 

Tko utreagtk oC thc'eompany, througlioutjhe vast region 
their rule wms paramount, was rather n'monil strength 

I • physical one. Its roots lay deep in the heart of the 
tmnge, who in time canH> to regard the great cor|)oration ns 
tko cmliodinient of all that was giNid and great anil true and 
powwfnl. He knew that under its sway justice was stvunil to 
him ; that if iniinci-nt Im would Ixi nnhariiiiil, that If guilty 
ke wtmld inevitably |my tho |M-naity of his transgression. Tin* 
prairie mm wide, thi< foreata were trackless, hut in all those 
tfcoeseinl* of miles there came to l>c uo haven for the horso 
Ihirf, the iiioendian-, or tbo murderer, wiiciv ho would l>e tnt', 
in his laeleagncrod fortrcias, to oludo or defy NeiiM>sis. Tlic 
compaay mado it its business to And and punish the ntil 
offflfidrr ; thi-y did not avengij tlmnsi^lves on his friend or 
tribe. liat pnnisbment was certain— IiIinnI wna |Hiid for in 
Mood. 

It is the principle lh.it lins lieen at the risit of British riilo 
wbavTcr British rule lias liei-n most nnccensfnl. It is tho 
principle in virtno of which India needs no largr-r a garrison 
than Algeria, and Now Xcatand needs no garrison at all, while 
Imh IndbuM and Maoris arc romiy and anxions to fight for the 
great while Qtmca. It is also a jioliry which lias mado Indian 
rHiellioos a negligible danger, to tho <mvy of onr neighlionrs of 
the Taitod Btatoa. And it is a |M>llcy which the Hiid-um's Itny 
(Vimpany foreniing without on army a territory I'oiMiMirnbte, 
in ils magnilecnt distances, with Ilindmrtaa— may Iw aaid to 
lure inirtvled. 



they will have to do when admiUod, and ho 

for doing it. There must lio a demnnd for tl 
the only place In which we shoiilil oursi'lves 
it is a Imck nuinlier of ti certain America 
howwer, is a small matt4>r. On the whole, w* 
IsHik ndiniriilile. It certainly, with the evcei 
enough or {nri\ to satisfy Mr. (tradgrlnd liiiiin 



DANTE. 



La C'oMMKltlA III Dantk Aliomikki. 1*^1. I 
(Melhuen, »s.). 

This Issik will Im- welcome al once for its 
It is convenient in Kic<< aiul liKht in tin* Inn 
anil lyiM' ore comfortable to the eye, niid snci 
with |KM-tic thoiiKlit. We Hliall, |M-rliiips,.not I 
of Dante if we adil that every iuik** isinliiins 
the text as are found in tini similarly iiiiiiiInti 
Berlin octavo. Hitliert4> we have given pref 
for pleasui-e and convenience, but now Mr. T 
lie odmitleil to iHjiiiility at the very least. All 
of every |mg<.> arc iilenticiij throngliont, tho s 
iHMtk is alMint an inch-flnd-a-half shorter, wit 
ojienness and perspicuity. The handier vi 
fM|iial in thc*MC advantages by sonic happier out 
of the tj-pe, and by tho greater opacity of tho 

A closer acquaintance will discover thi 
inward qualities which the Danlopliilist reqiiii 
text most cnrefnlly and coni|H'tenlly edilei 
new revision of Wittc's Berlin tslition, nnd tlm 
first print<>d text of the Conimedia tlialcoi 
Dr. Witte luised his text ii|Kin four inaiinscrip 
aillicreil, with tho exception of a very fc 
Toyiiliee has found it nei-essary to inako i 
alterations, which be has labnlnttsl in the iik 
nn apiiendix. This is so arrangisl as to show ni 
the relation of tho sebi-ttnl readings to Wi 
to that of other recent editors, who are ri' 
names o( Hiaiiclii, Butler, (^asini, Krutici'lli, N 
The Works ol Dr. M<s>re hen' [•efernNi to a 
t Ions to the Textual Criticism of the Divina ' 
and his liaiidy eilition of all the works of Dai 
of which the second eilition nppeartil in 18117 (' 
Kven after passing through tho hands 
M<s>rc, oihI Mr. Paget ToynlK-e, there still re 
able questions. Jii Inf. II., .V>, Witto print* 
capital, lH>cnns<! he holds it to mean the sun, ii 
snp|H>rl<sl hy Itiaiichi and KnilicelM: lint Mi 
majority of tho court with him in printing * 
lb*' capital, indicalitiK tln-i-eiiy that It ihs's 
but the stars or the starry henvi-n. The argim 
nmy Is? sismi at large in the " Textual t'rlli 
opiMisile view llien> is mori' that might Ix* said, 
IIk.' |MH>ts do not cinnpare bright eyi>s to (he 
the stars, miieh hits do they say that u liMly's 
brightness of lli<- sun ; but then it should In 
there is no other poet who has nnih'rlaken the 
Beatrice, ,Hhe is »ui grnrrit, ami not one 
connleimnce hail not onlshone the highlit 
ventional adnlatiiMi, >Nhy did Virgil at once il 
s<*rvant to eiMiitiiniid iM'ton* hi* liiid heiiisl ei 



'chi'Uiiry 17, 19U0.J 



LITERATURE. 



• u> tte wotd fitHMto IndiMtM the ran without qMatlcM, aad 

yul nn <Klitor glvrm It a cnpilnl i*. 

Tlxt old iMiiiiiiM'iiinUirM ar«i vi*ry valimlilo, not oiily for tlirlr 
iiitorprotnticiiH, hut nlxt fur tlii-ir t«*!>tiiiiuiiy to tho rMiliiiu« 
wlilrli tlixy liml ill lli« iMMik* lit thi'ir tliiM'. liiNtanom ani not 
\vniiliii(; »lii'r<< llii' iiiniiiiiwri|it tnulitloii ha* iloKniMiratitl 
tiMt wrilM>H linvo K>°<'U»i'!'><i'*ly l*'*" nwny nfliT MoirM) |ilaiiKiltk> 
(■ini'iKlulioii niitl tlio iiriKMinl t«*xl iiiiKlit linvtt Inh'II liMt, hut 
fur tho oviih'nt'K of tho <>iirly fiiiiinHMilutorN. An I'xnuipU* <>f 
thU kind iH-ciirx nt Inf. XIV., IM, Mhoro tho truo n-iulitifC U 
I'lir <i jiwiMtrii, but Witio, «ilh Iho Ki^*i>t iimjority of MSH., 
rcnilit I'ii't «. Hero I ho rarly (Miiiiiiioiitiitiint, mi fiir an llioy 
nitii'o I ho |>n<iHiit;o, an- iiimiiiiiinUN fur I'ur. l'oiic<<riiiii|{ I'lirt;. 
XXI., 01, Dr. M.M)«. wrilos (•' ToxlunI CVItiriHiu," |>. 401) :- 
" TliiH piiHNitKn oxhilii(H tho ciiriou-i plioiionH'iioii of tlio limit of 
thu true rcmliiiK ml volt f» pri>vit in nil hut n Nninll minority of 
MHH., IhouKh it In pru«torvi<(l niiil rightly oxphiliusl by all tho 
old coniiiioiitntnrM who notico tho pnMHn(;<'. without cxcoplioii, nor 
do (hoy NO much iim monlion niiy viirintion in Iho t<>xt." 

In I'lirji. XX\., ":l, a lino of gniit iiuirk, tho Coiirl of Six 
nr«< oqimlly dividiil Im'Iwi'oii brit »>ii, /x-n a»ii, and lirn wni, tim 
'rm, and Mr. ToynlH'o has docidod (apiiiiNt Willo, hut with 
Uiitlor, M(H>r<<,S<-artazzini)fnr tho " plural of niaj«i<ty." So now, 
tho four latoNt (MlitioiiH of tlu> t'tinimodiu aro^ aRriM-d upon thiw 
very dcliatoalilo r«>adiii(;. In its ilofonco tho wonl " roKiilinonti-" 
in tho |irt<viouH torcot in imu-h roliod upon, liut whothor it in 
titly HO nppliisl r«><iuir«>M ooiiNidoratiun, AKaiiiNt it thortt is ono 
very strong argumont, candidly admittoil by one of ItH chlof 
advoontcs (Dr. Moon-) in thi's<i wortU : -" Jt l.s fair to draw 
attention to tho fact that all tho old coMiniontatorM who notice 
Iho passn^o explicitly have ijiianlnini and oou without nn'o}^ 
niBin;; tho other r(>a<linp4." Thin naturally ou^^f^estH emendation, 
ami tho plural formula may lie iluo to a iiiipi>rricinl approhoimion 
uf tho hoariii^ of tliat injnhnriitr which is now tho stronghold 
of its (lefenco. In I'ar. XI., '26, Mr. ToynlK-e rends no»» 
narijiw iiiMtend of the iioii surrc of Witle, who is hupp<>rt«><l 
by all the referees except Dr. Moore, The nrKtmient in itupporl 
of this bold step is highly interesting, but too hing for this place. 
In I'nr. XVIII., l:U, where Witte has I'ulo, Mr._Toynl)«>e, sup- 
ported by all tho rofci-t'os, has I'nulo, This is an orthographic 
variation, and may soem Uw trilling for notice. Ami yet when 
carefully looked into it is found to contain trtMisurvs of interpre- 
tation. Ill I'ar. XXVI., ItM, where Wittc has Dmtir, Mr. Toynlieo 
reads Da (« with the whole liody of rercre<>s. In this case tln-re 
is hardly room for two opinions, and Wittc's rule of adhen'iico 
to his selecte<l manuscripts might have been relaxed here (one 
woiilil think) if anywhere. 




boOM 



ptr MfM Mpi torn gnM" b 



i« 



} 



Messrs. IX'nt have sent us tho latest addition to their 
pretty scries of " Temple Classics " in tho shajio of the Taiia- 
Btso OK Dantk Ai.iiiiiiKiu (Is. 6tl. n.), Iming tho Italian text, 
with jiroso translation and notes. Mr. Philip \Yickstee«l, the 
well-known lecturer on Dante, is responsible for the translation, 
as well as for the very lK-l]>t'ul arguimMits preflxitl to each canto. 
In tin- notes and Italian text (which is proctically that of Casini) 
Ik: has had tho assistance of Dr. H. Oelsner. The notes are of 
tho briefest, bnt they nro to the t>oint, and in the main they are 
accurate and scholarly. Theru is a curious blumler as to the 
Lancelot rouianco in the note on /'«i-ii(/ii»o XV. 14-15, frxini which 
llio editors mi}:ht have be<"n savwl by a refert>nc«' to the Oxfortl 
Danto Dictionary, or the reiH>rts of the .\merican Ditnle Society. 
.\n excellent innovation is the inlnxluction uf little iii«|n, plans, 
diagrams, Ac, in ilIii>.tiiition of various toimgraphicnl and nstn»- 



hb'aUil'lMk kb 

Duito'a <• 

a Yumrf thfait ttooagk Um 4a«|> «al«v." «4mm ■• 

are iMlmwIad. 8«aii foriM m " Arth b|i|i*«IimhI," 

ami no on, Art ill abiibr bahioM. AmI «lijr wjr " 

hi* limlia," iiMlMMl of " tha alMvUi of hU liail»." •• iMnl 

or (leatirilm Jaaon aa an " oti-plongk-MM " t tkmtk ArfprU 

but prrhapa it i« Uio mmIi to aiyit siyb to • hook «f U 

and Mr. WickalMd'a vonba b ManiMliaw mk bilk 

tha Italian %a%% tte Mtttora bif* MtaMi« GmM birty 

Ttie moat important tinrlaikm «• hsv* aobd b " atl 

"pbnae" in/'>ir<i<iMu XI.72,wti(Hi bMiJosMan iaq>fu 

though it b a^da^ tiMMiclitaf MB. Mrtkwiljr. Iomw 

an editor, hovorer, M Dr. Moot* aJoiita '* Mbr," m A 

there aro good gmamb for tho change. 

iWoro taking leave at thb littb voImm. «hbli b 
valiHsof ita own.woinayUrBiraltmtina to UwMlovlaga 
for cumtction in a fntom oUillMi— ris., " taotaM " I 
" Adcmari " (twice, p. JUG). •• planiUiy " (p. 41^ { '• 
(p. 337) wt'iiM to Im* a iilip for " year* " ; and " frm 
father " in the arguim*nt to ran to \V. (p. IMI) iaa ■!• 
" groat-grmt-grniMlfnther." Th* <MW tbibei of tko lac 
lack of eron the brier<<st lint of ea«tMrta,«M«ll aakM ii i 
of difliculty to HimI the wh«'n<>lioni«i of Iho «*rbw4bp 
table«. Wo ho|>o Mr. Wiekatcnl will lir MWOsnw*' <<• 
with hin task and giro oa at boat Ike oikor two por< 
Cvmmeiiia, if not tlM< V'iUt S 



AMONG SCOTTISH TROUT. 



Lueua AJ(I> Locu-Kiautxo. Ity IUmiau iJiianT, 
(CkappMa and iUtI). 

No British Held sport, Doi •««■ tko oKoiwivaly BrI 
of fox-hunting, has formed the theme of ao maeli Ulan 
nngling ; of all tho works written la Kngliok dai 
seventeenth century tho " C'omploat Aqgtar " aione kaa 
Iho glory of an buudrvdlh edition. There mwa > he Um 
left to reveal, ono would think, few expertaaM* tbit I 
lieen told, few waters that have no% hoe* expfaratf, 
bibliography of (he gentle craft s«tII» at a prodigbaa n 
hen^ comes Mr. Ilamish Stuart with «t>II nigk bar 
elosely-printe«t pagea in large oeUvo, briHfal of tlM (i 
harmless egoism of the auBcearfal Maker. He b aoi  
in syntAX (" I olMorvetl a lak bedlag aa b tkeir woal, 
("the form in which athloUcIam and apart as a b|pM9 
realiics themaelrca in time and circnmstanecn " p. 'JMtf- 
is he fastidiously fresh, exclaiming with cqaal abaoaee 
vancc and misgiving, and with hurtful mlamboce of eaf 
'■ O Tempiira ! O Mom ! O Noctce AmbnadoM* t" 
has he time to spare for typographbol graeea, abieli^ hi 
profuse in the nso of inverted lum mna aa ke b aporbg oi 
1 1 is U^wildcring to Bnd tke ftnt i m plujf ai l to muk \ 

out of ordiimry aaago aa " miin weamo," 

- prv>portion," " tkcorbe," •• iy," " by 
multitudes of others; while tke tkvqacnl ww* of Lallaaq 
render the nso of the second almoat iaipcratirc in aaek  
as " He decbm that, qua fly-Aahiiv, lock-tt»klBg caai 

science " (p. 4), (" bis wild — -»- "'—^ - -witay d 

ninior to cootrol " (p. :t78). ^ "caaaii 

and " iiriaaHnnili it " we win m- grocrvHt* enough to b 
printer 'a door. Not a few aenlvncea occar wkbk an 



150 



LITERATURE. 



[Februar 



1 Iqr Ashiiii; cnwytlllowi tmd MraapBUkcN— to the pro- 
I a»fwm» »lnniU>riii|t uatrng tke Hlirliluid IuIIh, ami to tiio 
tkial poola of OktaMjr aiMt tlio H(>l>riiU>«. I'ikhi and lii«>iil«« (Iipms 
««!«« Im has loated, lahnl, oli)«rvml, rcaaunnl, K|ip<>ulat(><l, and 
UMoriiari ; Um> reaall of it all is kmn, cxiitcwmmI in Um own 
«Uar«nivB •t}rk>. Ho hm man.r unoftil hliitx to ronvcjr about 
f, iio|irovi>nipiit of (he iiatiinil hliM-lt in lakes, ami HOrh 
I aa Uw mnltiplioaUon o( aiiglvrM and inorenMNl facilUioN 
of travel hav* laiiilwwt nrf(mt ; nor ahall wt< niurmnr, although 
U* pradllaatfcMI lor periphnudn loatU him DHiro tliiin <inc<> to 
MtplalB tke Maall ate of tnMit in certain watorH nx Iteini; dn«> to 
the dilijfpnc*' with whirh thoy '• have oljcytHi the t-onnnnnd. IV 
frnitful ami multiply." One diMHtvory Mr. Stunrt nnnounrt^ 
wkirli. tlioa|;li of high intercwt to the phyHiolof^iitt, will lie road 
with diiWiaT liy anglcro in gtHieral — luiiuoly, tlic Huxoeptibility nf 
Iroat to luliprruliisim. Home oninri>it«'<l tntnt canglit in a loch 
la tioutli I'itit were Omt itul>niitt«>d to n Kkilled niintoniiNt, who 
liiarowrrd numertHiK ugly cyst", the contontN of which, on 
riirthcrr\aininatiun,«t>rc fooiid to be hwariuing with tiiberculuuN 
Iwrilli.' 

Mr. SluartN i>ngt^ l<H'ni wllh an<'r<lotf>, nor do thouc tax 
anylMidy'K t-rrdulity unreaNuiinbly, «s a UNhonnHn'it yaniH are apt 
to do. Indeed, one chapter begins with a naive iienloncc which 
Blight prepare the reader for any amount of oyc-opcnerK. 

In onr degree we all track with frcHh feet the nnciont 
■HUna, ami of no Kubject for thought can it Im> xnid with greater 
ImtJl than of angling tluit it ix difllcult t